# Geometry/Parallelograms

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## Contents

## Parallelograms[edit]

A **parallelogram** is a geometric figure with two
pairs of parallel sides. Parallelograms are a special type of quadrilateral.
The opposite sides are equal in length and the opposite angles are also equal.
The area is equal to the product of any side and the distance between that
side and the line containing the opposite side.

## Properties of Parallelograms[edit]

The following properties are common to all parallelograms (parallelogram, rhombus, rectangle, square)

- both pairs of opposite sides are parallel
- both pairs of opposite sides are congruent
- both pairs of opposite angles are congruent
- the diagonals bisect each other
- consecutive angles are supplementary

## Special Parallelograms[edit]

### Rhombus[edit]

- A
**rhombus**is a parallelogram with four congruent sides. - The diagonals of a rhombus are perpendicular.
- Each diagonal of a rhombus bisects two angles the rhombus.
- A rhombus may or may not be a square.

### Square[edit]

- A
**square**is a parallelogram with four right angles and four congruent sides. - A square is both a rectangle and a rhombus and inherits all of their properties.

- Geometry
- Part I- Euclidean Geometry:
- Chapter 1. Geometry/Points, Lines, Line Segments and Rays
- Chapter 2. Geometry/Angles
- Chapter 3. Geometry/Properties
- Chapter 4. Geometry/Inductive and Deductive Reasoning
- Chapter 5. Geometry/Proof
- Chapter 6. Geometry/Five Postulates of Euclidean Geometry
- Chapter 7. Geometry/Vertical Angles
- Chapter 8. Geometry/Parallel and Perpendicular Lines and Planes
- Chapter 9. Geometry/Congruency and Similarity
- Chapter 10. Geometry/Congruent Triangles
- Chapter 11. Geometry/Similar Triangles
- Chapter 12. Geometry/Quadrilaterals
- Chapter 13. Geometry/Parallelograms
- Chapter 14. Geometry/Trapezoids
- Chapter 15. Geometry/Circles/Radii, Chords and Diameters
- Chapter 16. Geometry/Circles/Arcs
- Chapter 17. Geometry/Circles/Tangents and Secants
- Chapter 18. Geometry/Circles/Sectors
- Appendix A. Geometry/Postulates & Definitions
- Appendix B. Geometry/The SMSG Postulates for Euclidean Geometry

- Part II- Coordinate Geometry:

- Two and Three-Dimensional Geometry and Other Geometric Figures
- Geometry/Perimeter and Arclength
- Geometry/Area
- Geometry/Volume
- Geometry/Polygons
- Geometry/Triangles
- Geometry/Right Triangles and Pythagorean Theorem
- Geometry/Polyominoes
- Geometry/Ellipses
- Geometry/2-Dimensional Functions
- Geometry/3-Dimensional Functions
- Geometry/Area Shapes Extended into 3rd Dimension
- Geometry/Area Shapes Extended into 3rd Dimension Linearly to a Line or Point
- Geometry/Polyhedras
- Geometry/Ellipsoids and Spheres
- Geometry/Coordinate Systems (currently incorrectly linked to Astronomy)

- Traditional Geometry:

- Modern geometry