French/Grammar/Tenses

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
< French‎ | Grammar
Jump to navigation Jump to search

French Tenses - The Basics[edit | edit source]

In English, an infinitive is given with to in the front of it. To talk in English is an infinitive. In French, however, all infinitives are in the form of a single word. To talk in French is parler.

There are three types of "regular" verbs in French. That is, these verbs follow a common pattern when conjugated. For these verbs, all you need to know is the infinitive and you can conjugate them for every tense. These verbs are the -er, -ir, and -re verbs. Meaning they all share the common -er, -ir, or -re ending. Just because a verb ends in one of these endings doesn't necessarily make it regular, it could still be irregular.

Irregular verbs follow no real common pattern and must each be learned. In most cases, the form of an irregular verb is different from the common patterns that regular verbs follow in every tense.

In addition to past, present, and future tenses, French has a series of conjugations depending on the usage of the verb.

Verb tenses sorted by mood[edit | edit source]

Non-finite forms[edit | edit source]

L'indicatif (The indicative mood)[edit | edit source]

Simple tenses[edit | edit source]

Perfect tenses[edit | edit source]

Other tenses[edit | edit source]

Le subjonctif (The subjunctive mood)[edit | edit source]

L'impératif (The imperative mood)[edit | edit source]

Le conditionnel (The conditional mood)[edit | edit source]

Verb tenses sorted by type[edit | edit source]

Simple tenses[edit | edit source]

Perfect tenses[edit | edit source]

Perfect tense components[edit | edit source]

Other tenses[edit | edit source]

Verb tenses sorted by time[edit | edit source]

Past[edit | edit source]

Present[edit | edit source]

Future[edit | edit source]

Future Simple

See also[edit | edit source]

External links[edit | edit source]