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Avoir or être[edit]

  • For the verbs aller, arriver, descendre, entrer, monter, mourir, naître, passer, partir, rentrer, rester, retourner, sortir, tomber, and venir, the auxiliary verb is être.
  • For pronomial verbs (verbs indicating that the subject performs the action upon itself) être is the auxiliary verb.
  • For all other verbs, avoir is the auxiliary verb.
  • When a verb that is normally conjugated with être is used transitively (along with a direct object), avoir is the auxiliary verb.
  • When a pronomial verb is used with an indirect object, avoir is the auxiliary verb.