Flora of New York/Typhaceae, Eriocaulaceae, Xyridaceae

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Asparagales (3)
Ammaryllidaceae & Asparagaceae
Flora of New York — Poales (1)
Typhaceae, Eriocaulaceae, Xyridaceae

Poales (2)
Juncaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Family Typhaceae[edit]

The Typhaceae (cattail family) contains the genus Typha, which was the sole genus of the family until the APG III system added the genus Sparganium (bur-reeds) in 2009 by merging the closely-related Sparganiaceae family into Typhaceae.

Genus Typha[edit]

Cattails, Typha spp., are wetland plants that are native to much of the world. Broad-leaved cattails (T. latifolia) are considered to be North American natives, while the native status of narrow-leaved cattails (T. angustifolia) in North America is in question.[1] In either case it is thought that narrowleaf cattails were introduced to most of inland New York from coastal regions, with the possible exception of central New York's inland salt marshes,[2] where some think that T. angustifolia may be native.[3]

The first record of T. angustifolia in North America is from northeast coastal regions in 1820, and it appears to have remained along the coast for the remainder of the 19th century. But by the end of the 20th century, it had migrated to the west coast, and as far south as Arkansas. Along its path, it seems to have preferred "early successional habitats with basic, calcareous, or somewhat salty soils."[4] It is thought that ditches along salted roadways may have helped facilitate the migration from coastal marshes.[5]

Typhaceaegenus Typha
Typha Cat-tail N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.

1753. Typha latifolia  L.
1808. Typha elatior  Raf. nom. illeg.
1832. Typha crassa  Raf.
1900. T. latifolia ssp. eulatifolia Graebn.
1940. T. latifolia var. typica Rothm.
Wide-leaved cattail,
Broad-leaved cattail,
Common cattail

Quenouille à feuilles larges,
Massette à larges feuilles,
Typha à feuilles larges
Native,
Secure,
CoC: 1

NWI: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Girona 009.JPG
Typha latifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 
BNA 

Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Typha angustifolia  L.
1949. Typha foveolata  Pobed.
1972. Typha pontica
   V.M.Klokov & Krasnova
Narrowleaf cattail,
Narrow-leaved cattail

Quenouille à feuilles étroites,
Massette à feuilles étroites,
Typha à feuilles étroites
Native,
Introduced,
WW,
CoC: 1

NWI: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Typha angustifolia.jpeg
Typha angustifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-MN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 
BNA 

Images, wsp
 Godr. (pro sp.)

Typha angustifolia ×
Typha latifolia

1844. Typha glauca  Godr.
1886. T. latifolia var. elongata Dudley
1924. T. angustifolia var. elongata Wiegand
Blue cattail,
Hybrid of
 narrow-leaved cattail &
 broad-leaved cattail

Quenouille glauque
Native,
Invasive

NWI: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Typha angustifolia3.JPGImg spacer 2x87.pngTypha latifolia 7831.jpg
Typha × glauca NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp

Genus Sparganium[edit]

Bur-reeds (Sparganium) were previously included alone in the family Sparganiaceae. They are perrenial aquatic plants that grow in shallow ponds, streams, and marshes.

Typhaceaegenus Sparganium
Sparganium Bur-reed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
 Nutt.

1818. Sparganium americanum  Nutt.
American bur-reed,
American burreed

Rubanier d’Amérique
Native,
Secure,
CoC: 4

NWI: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Sparganium americanum NRCS-2.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngBB-0163 Sparganium americanum.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 Rehmann

1778. Sparganium simplex  Huds. illeg.
1871. Sparganium emersum  Rehmann
1909. Sparganium acaule  (Beeby) Rydb.
1909. Sparganium chlorocarpum  Rydb.
1922. Sparganium chlorocarpum
   var.
acaule Fernald
Unbranched bur-reed,
European bur-reed,
Simple-stemmed bur-reed,
Green-fruited burreed,
Emersed burreed

Rubanier à fruits verts,
Rubanier émergent,
Rubanier simple
Native,
Secure,
CoC: 4

NWI: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Sparganium.emersum.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngSparganiumEmersum.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
Engelm. ex A. Gray

1856. Sparganium eurycarpum
   Engelm. ex A. Gray

1934. Sparganium stoloniferum
   (Graebn.) Buch.-Ham. ex Juz.
Large bur-reed,
Broadfruit bur-reed,
Great burreed,
Giant burreed
Native,
Secure,
CoC: 4

NWI: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Sparganium eurycarpum 5474907.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 



Images, wsp
(Engelm.) Morong

1867. Sparganium simplex
   var.
androcladum Engelm.
1888. Sparganium androcladum  Morong
1907. Sparganium lucidum  Fernald & Eames
1907. Sparganium americanum
   var.
androcladum Fernald & Eames
Branching bur-reed,
Branched burreed

Rubanier rameux
Native,
Vulnerable,
CoC: 4

NWI: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
BB-0162 Sparganium androcladum.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngBB-0164 Sparganium lucidum.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 Michx.

1803. Sparganium angustifolium  Michx.
1905. Sparganium multipedunculatum  Rydb.
1970. Sparganium emersum
   var.
multipedunculatum Reveal
1978. Sparganium emersum
   var.
angustifolium Taylor & MacBryde
Narrowleaf bur-reed,
Narrow-leaved bur-reed,
Floating bur-reed

Rubanier à feuilles étroites
Native,
Vulnerable,
CoC: 6

NWI: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Sparganium angustifolium.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
(Engelm. ex Morong) B.L.Rob.

1888. Sparganium androcladum
   var.
fluctuans Engelm. ex Morong
1905. Sparganium fluctuans  B.L.Rob.
Floating bur-reed

Rubanier flottant
Native,
Vulnerable,
CoC: 7

NWI: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Sparganium fluctuans 5499164.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN
NEW 

FNA 


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Sparganium natans  L.
1840. Sparganium minimum  Wallr.
Small bur-reed,
Artic bur-reed

Rubanier nageant
Native,
Threatened,
CoC: 10

NWI: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Small Bur-Reed (3818415894) 4x3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NEW 
ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp

Family Eriocaulaceae[edit]

The Eriocaulaceae (pipewort family).[1]

Subfamily Eriocauloideae[edit]

Genus Eriocaulon[edit]

Eriocaulaceaesubfam. Eriocauloideaegenus Eriocaulon
Eriocaulon Pipewort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (Hill) Druce

1769. Cespa aquatica  Hill
1776. Eriocaulon septangulare  With.
1778. Nasmythia articulata  Hudson
1803. Eriocaulon pellucidum  Michx.
1833. Eriocaulon pumilum  Raf.
1835. Nasmythia septangularis  Mart.
1891. Eriocaulon articulatum  Morong
1909. Eriocaulon aquaticum  Druce
Sevenangle pipewort,
Seven-angled pipewort

Ériocaulon aquatique
Native,
Secure

NWI: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Eriocaulon aquaticum 6884.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS



Images, wsp
 B.L.Rob.

1903. Eriocaulon parkeri  B.L.Rob.
Parker's pipewort,
Estuary pipewort

Ériocaulon de Parker
Native,
Likely extirpated,
Impersistent

NWI: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Eriocaulon parkeri.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-NN
Can
ARS 
FNA 
BNA 
CPC
Images, wsp
  1. Eriocaulaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Family Xyridaceae[edit]

The Xyridaceae (yellow-eyed grass family).[1]

Subfamily Xyridoideae[edit]

Genus Xyris[edit]

Xyridaceaesubfam. Xyridoideaegenus Xyris
Xyris Yellow-eyed grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 Ries

1868. Xyris flexuosa
   var.
pusilla A.Gray
1892. Xyris montana  Ries
1937. Xyris papillosa  Fassett
Northern yelloweyed grass,
Northern yellow-eyed grass

Xyris de montagne,
Xyris des montagnes
Native,
Secure

NWI: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Xyris montana (7515297276).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA 
IPN
Images, wsp
 Chapm.
var. difformis

1860. Xyris difformis  Chapm.
1860. Xyris elata  Chapm.
1966. Xyris difformis
   var.
difformis [autonym]
auct. Xyris caroliniana non Walter
Bog yellow-eyed grass,
Carolina yellow-eyed grass,
Southern yellow-eyed grass,
Tall yellow-eyed grass,
Two-formed yelloweyed-grass

Xyris difforme
Native,
Likely secure

NWI: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Xyris difformis (4729327757).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 Sm.

1819. Xyris torta  Sm.
1913. Kotsjelottia flexuosa  Nieuwl.
1843. Xyris bulbosa  Kunth
Twisted yellow-eyed-grass,
Slender yelloweyed-grass
Native,
Vulnerable

NWI: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Xyris torta (14535587287).jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngXyris torta (15439245573).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-N0
NEW 
ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 Nash

1847. Xyris caroliniana
   var.
olneyi Alph.Wood
1895. Xyris smalliana  Nash
1905. Xyris congdonii  Small
1937. Xyris smalliana var. olneyi
   Gleason ex Malme
Small's yellow-eyed grass Native,
Threatened

NWI: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Xyris smalliana.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-N0
NEW 
ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
E.P.Bicknell ex L.M.Campb.

2011. Xyris bracteicaulis
   E.P.Bicknell ex L.M.Campb.
Bog yelloweyed grass Native,
No recent reports

NWI: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN



BNA 
Note [2]
Images, wsp