Flora of New York/Typhaceae, Eriocaulaceae, Xyridaceae

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Asparagales (3)
Ammaryllidaceae & Asparagaceae
Flora of New York — Poales (1)
Typhaceae, Eriocaulaceae, Xyridaceae

Poales (2)
Juncaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Family Typhaceae[edit]

The Typhaceae (cattail family) contains the genus Typha, which was the sole genus of the family until the APG III system added the genus Sparganium (bur-reeds) in 2009 by merging the closely-related Sparganiaceae family into Typhaceae.

Genus Typha[edit]

Cattails, Typha spp., are wetland plants that are native to much of the world. Broad-leaved cattails (T. latifolia) are considered to be North American natives, while the native status of narrow-leaved cattails (T. angustifolia) in North America is in question.[1] In either case it is thought that narrowleaf cattails were introduced to most of inland New York from coastal regions, with the possible exception of central New York's inland salt marshes,[2] where some think that T. angustifolia may be native.[3]

The first record of T. angustifolia in North America is from northeast coastal regions in 1820, and it appears to have remained along the coast for the remainder of the 19th century. But by the end of the 20th century, it had migrated to the west coast, and as far south as Arkansas. Along its path, it seems to have preferred "early successional habitats with basic, calcareous, or somewhat salty soils."[4] It is thought that ditches along salted roadways may have helped facilitate the migration from coastal marshes.[5]

Poales – fam. Typhaceae – genus Typha
Typha Cat-tail N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.

1753. Typha latifolia L.
1808. Typha elatior Raf. (i)
1832. Typha crassa Raf.
1900. T. latifolia ssp. eulatifolia
1940. T. latifolia var. typica
Wide-leaved cattail,
Broad-leaved cattail,
Common cattail

Quenouille à feuilles larges,
Massette à larges feuilles,
Typha à feuilles larges
Native, CoC: 1,
Secure

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Girona 009.JPG
Typha latifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 
BNA


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Typha angustifolia L.
1949. Typha foveolata Pobed.
1972. Typha pontica
V.M.Klokov & Krasnova
Narrowleaf cattail,
Narrow-leaved cattail

Quenouille à feuilles étroites,
Massette à feuilles étroites,
Typha à feuilles étroites
Native, CoC: 1,
Introduced,
WW

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Typha angustifolia.jpeg
Typha angustifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-MN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA 
BNA


Images, wsp
 Godr. (pro sp.)

Typha angustifolia ×
Typha latifolia

1844. Typha glauca Godr.
1886. T. latifolia var. elongata
1924. T. angustifolia var. elongata
Blue cattail,
Hybrid of
 narrow-leaved cattail &
 broad-leaved cattail

Quenouille glauque
Native,
Invasive

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Typha angustifolia3.JPG
Typha × glauca NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp

Genus Sparganium[edit]

Bur-reeds (Sparganium) were previously included alone in the family Sparganiaceae. They are perrenial aquatic plants that grow in shallow ponds, streams, and marshes.

Poales – fam. Typhaceae – genus Sparganium
Sparganium Bur-reed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
Nutt.

1818. S. americanum Nutt.
American bur-reed,
American burreed

Rubanier d’Amérique
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Sparganium americanum NRCS-2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Rehmann

1778. S. simplex Huds. (i)
1871. S. emersum Rehmann
1909. S. acaule (Beeby) Rydb.
1909. S. chlorocarpum Rydb.
1922. S. chlorocarpum var. acaule
Unbranched bur-reed,
European bur-reed,
Simple-stemmed bur-reed,
Green-fruited burreed,
Emersed burreed

Rubanier à fruits verts,
Rubanier émergent,
Rubanier simple
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Sparganium.emersum.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
Engelm. ex A. Gray

1856. S. eurycarpum
Engelm. ex A. Gray
1934. S. stoloniferum
(Graebn.) Buch.-Ham. ex Juz.
Large bur-reed,
Broadfruit bur-reed,
Great burreed,
Giant burreed
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Sparganiumeurycarpum.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 




Images, wsp
(Engelm.) Morong

1867. Sparganium simplex
var. androcladum
1888. S. androcladum Morong
1907. S. lucidum Fernald & Eames
1907. S. americanum
var. androcladum
Branching bur-reed,
Branched burreed

Rubanier rameux
Native, CoC: 4,
Vulnerable

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
BB-0162 Sparganium androcladum.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Michx.

1803. S. angustifolium Michx.
1905. S. multipedunculatum Rydb.
1970. S. emersum
var. multipedunculatum
1978. S. emersum
var. angustifolium
Narrowleaf bur-reed,
Narrow-leaved bur-reed,
Floating bur-reed

Rubanier à feuilles étroites
Native, CoC: 6,
Vulnerable

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Sparganium angustifolium.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
(Engelm. ex Morong) B.L.Rob.

1888. S. androcladum
var. fluctuans
1905. S. fluctuans
(Engelm. ex Morong) B.L.Rob.
Floating bur-reed

Rubanier flottant
Native, CoC: 7,
Vulnerable

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Sparganium fluctuans 5499164.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN
NEW 

FNA 



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Sparganium natans L.
1840. Sparganium minimum Wallr.
Small bur-reed,
Artic bur-reed

Rubanier nageant
Native, CoC: 10,
Threatened

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Small Bur-Reed (3818415894) 4x3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NEW 
ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Sparganium (excluded species) Bur-reed N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
L.

    Sparganium erectum L.
    S. chlorocarpum Rydb.
    S. polyedrum
(Asch. & Graebn.) Juz.
    S. ramosum Huds.
Simplestem bur-reed,
Exotic bur-reed,
Branched bur-reed
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Excluded
Pond in Jince (2).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-EXCLD
USDA-X0

ARS 




Images, wsp

Family Eriocaulaceae[edit]

The Eriocaulaceae (pipewort family).[1]

Subfamily Eriocauloideae[edit]

Genus Eriocaulon[edit]

Poales – fam. Eriocaulaceae – subfam. Eriocauloideae – genus Eriocaulon
Eriocaulon Pipewort N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (Hill) Druce

1769. Cespa aquatica Hill
1776. Eriocaulon septangulare With.
1778. Nasmythia articulata Hudson
1803. Eriocaulon pellucidum Michx.
1833. Eriocaulon pumilum Raf.
1835. Nasmythia septangularis Mart.
1891. Eriocaulon articulatum Morong
1909. Eriocaulon aquaticum Druce
Sevenangle pipewort,
Seven-angled pipewort

Ériocaulon aquatique
Native, CoC: 10,
Secure

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Eriocaulon aquaticum WFNY-006A.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 B.L.Rob.

1903. Eriocaulon parkeri B.L.Rob.
Parker's pipewort,
Estuary pipewort

Ériocaulon de Parker
Native, CoC: 10,
Likely extirpated,
Impersistent

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Eriocaulon parkeri.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-NN
Can
ARS 
FNA 
BNA

CPC
Images, wsp
  1. Eriocaulaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Family Xyridaceae[edit]

The Xyridaceae (yellow-eyed grass family).[1]

Subfamily Xyridoideae[edit]

Genus Xyris[edit]

Poales – fam. Xyridaceae – subfam. Xyridoideae – genus Xyris
Xyris Yellow-eyed grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 Ries

1868. Xyris flexuosa
var. pusilla A.Gray
1892. Xyris montana Ries
1937. Xyris papillosa Fassett
Northern yelloweyed grass,
Northern yellow-eyed grass

Xyris de montagne,
Xyris des montagnes
Native, CoC: 10,
Secure

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Xyris montana (7515297276).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA
IPN 

Images, wsp
 Chapm.
var. difformis

1860. Xyris difformis Chapm.
1860. Xyris elata Chapm.
1966. Xyris difformis
var. difformis [autonym]
 auct. Xyris caroliniananon Walter
Bog yellow-eyed grass,
Carolina yellow-eyed grass,
Southern yellow-eyed grass,
Tall yellow-eyed grass,
Two-formed yelloweyed-grass

Xyris difforme
Native, CoC: 10,
Likely secure

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Xyris difformis var difformis WFNY-002B.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 Sm.

1819. Xyris torta Sm.
1913. Kotsjelottia flexuosa Nieuwl.
1843. Xyris bulbosa Kunth
Twisted yellow-eyed-grass,
Slender yelloweyed-grass
Native, CoC: 10,
Vulnerable

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Xyris torta (14718849831).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-N0
NEW 
ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 Nash

1847. Xyris caroliniana
var. olneyi Alph.Wood
1895. Xyris smalliana Nash
1905. Xyris congdonii Small
1937. Xyris smalliana var. olneyi
Gleason ex Malme
Small's yellow-eyed grass Native, CoC: 10,
Threatened

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Xyris smalliana.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-N0
NEW 
ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
E.P.Bicknell ex L.M.Campb.

2011. Xyris bracteicaulis
E.P.Bicknell ex L.M.Campb.
    
    
Bracted yelloweyed grass Native, CoC: 10,
No recent reports,
Endemic

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Xyris difformis (4729327757).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN



BNA


Images, wsp
Note: [2]
Xyris (excluded species) Yellow-eyed grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
Walter

    
    
    
Carolina yelloweyed grass N. America native,
Excluded
Nymap.svg
NYFA-EXCLD
USDA-N0






Images, wsp

Asparagales (3)
Ammaryllidaceae & Asparagaceae
Flora of New York — Poales (1)
Typhaceae, Eriocaulaceae, Xyridaceae

Poales (2)
Juncaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index