Flora of New York/Cyperaceae 1

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Poales (2)
Juncaceae
Flora of New York — Poales (3) : Cyperaceae (1)
Sclerieae, Cladieae, Schoeneae, Scirpeae

Poales (4)
Cyperaceae (2)
Cariceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Family Cyperaceae[edit]

The Cyperaceae (sedge family) contains grass-like monocots, most of which have stems with triangular cross-sections.

Subfamily Cyperoideae[edit]

Tribe Sclerieae[edit]

Scleria[edit]
Poales — Cyperaceae — Cyperoideae — Sclerieae — Scleria
ScleriaP.J.Bergius Nutsedge / nutrush N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Muhl. ex Willd.

1805. Scleria verticillata Muhl. ex Willd.
1837. Scleria tenella Kunth
Low nut sedge,
Low nutsedge,
Low nutrush
Sclérie verticillée
Native, C:10,
Endangered

OBL

Annual,
Graminoid
Scleria verticillata BB-1913.png
Scleria verticillata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
 Muhl. ex Willd.

1805. Scleria caroliniana Willd. (i)
1871. Scleria pauciflora var. caroliniana
1906. Scleria pauciflora var. kansana
1926. Scleria ciliata var. pauciflora
Few-flowered nutsedge,
Few-flowered nutrush,
Papillose nutrush,
Carolina nutrush
Sclérie pauciflore
Native, C:10,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[1]

FACU

Perennial,
Graminoid
Scleria pauciflora BB-1913.png
Scleria pauciflora var caroliniana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-N0
NPT Can

FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Scleriatriglomerata group Nutsedge / nutrush N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Michx.

1803. Scleria triglomerata Michx.
1834. Cladium triglomeratum (Michx.) Nees
1837. Scleria nitida Willd. ex Kunth
1842. Trachylomia triglomerata (Michx.) Nees
1855. Scleria flaccida Steud.
Whip nut sedge,
Whip nutsedge,
Whip nutrush,
Tall nutrush,
Whipgrass
Sclérie à trois glomérules
Native, C:10,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[2]

FAC

Perennial,
Graminoid
Scleria triglomerata BB-1913.png
Scleria triglomerata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp
 (Britton) W.Stone

1885. Scleria triglomerata var. gracilis
1896. Scleria triglomerata var. minor
1912. Scleria minor (Britton) W.Stone
Slender nut sedge,
Slender nutrush
Native, C:10,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[3]

FACW

Perennial,
Graminoid
Scleria triglomerata BB-1913.png
Scleria minor NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-N0
NEW-0

FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Scleriareticularis group Nutsedge / nutrush N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Michx.

1803. Scleria reticularis Michx.
1884. Scleria reticularis var. reticularis
1884. Scleria reticularis var. pumila
Netted nut sedge,
Netted nutsedge,
Netted nutrush
Native, C:10,
Rare

OBL

Annual,
Graminoid
Scleria reticularis BB-1913.png
Scleria reticularis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
USDA-NN
NPT 
ITIS
FNA Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp
 Steud.

 auct. Scleria setaceanon Poir. 1806
1841. Scleria muehlenbergii Steud.
1885. Scleria reticularis var. pubescens
1923. Scleria stevensiana Britton
Muhlenberg's nut sedge,
Muhlenberg's nutrush
Native, C:10,
Endangered

FACW-FAC

Annual/perennial,
Graminoid
Scleria muehlenbergii BB-1913.png
Scleria muehlenbergii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN


FNA Trop.



Images, wsp

Tribe Cladieae[edit]

Cladium[edit]
Poales — Cyperaceae — Cyperoideae — Cladieae — Cladium
Cladium Sawgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Muhl.) Torr.

Smooth sawgrass,
Twig rush
Native,
Secure
Cladium mariscoides NRCS-1.jpg
Cladium mariscoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT 





Images, wsp

Tribe Schoeneae[edit]

Rhynchospora[edit]
Poales — Cyperaceae — Cyperoideae — Schoeneae — Rhynchospora
RhynchosporaVahl Beaksedge N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Vahl

    
    
    
White beak sedge,
White beaksedge,
White beak-rush
Native, C:10,
Secure

Perennial,
Graminoid
Rhynchosporaalba.jpg
Rhynchospora alba NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT 





Images, wsp
(Michx.) Vahl (1805)

    
    
    
Brownish beaksedge,
Brownish beak-rush
Native,
Secure

Perennial,
Graminoid
Rhynchospora capitellata NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT 





Images, wsp
Torr. (1823)

    
    
    
Horned beak-rush,
Needle beaksedge
Native,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Graminoid
Rhynchospora capillacea 1117013.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NPT 





Images, wsp
(L.) W.T.Aiton (1810)

    
    
    
Brown beaksedge,
Brown beak-rush
Native,
Vulnerable

Perennial,
Graminoid
Rhynchospora fusca.jpeg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN
NPT 





Images, wsp
Torr. ex A.Gray

    
    
    
Tall beaked-rush,
Tall horned beaksedge,
Tall beaksedge
Native,
Vulnerable

Perennial,
Graminoid
The plants of southern New Jersey; with especial reference to the flora of the pine barrens and the geographic distribution of the species (1911) (14784443295).jpg
Rhynchospora macrostachya NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
USDA-N0
NPT 
ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
(Torr.) A.Gray

    
    
    
Longbeak beaksedge,
Long-beaked bald-rush
Native,
Vulnerable

Annual,
Graminoid
Rhynchospora scirpoides BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-N0
NPT 





Images, wsp
(Oakes) Fernald

    
    
    
Drowned horned-rush,
Narrowfruit
    horned-beaksedge,
Narrow-fruited
    beaksedge
Native,
Threatened

Perennial,
Graminoid
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-N0
NPT 





Images, wsp
(Vahl) A.Gray

    
    
    
Bald-rush,
Short-beaked beaksedge
Native,
Threatened

Annual,
Graminoid
Rhynchospora nitens BB-1913 mod 1.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NPT 





Images, wsp
Fernald & Gale

    
1940. Rhynchospora chalarocephala
Fernald & Gale
    
Loosehead beaksedge,
Loose-head beak-rush
Native,
Likely extirpated,
Last collected 1932

Perennial,
Graminoid
Rhynchospora chalarocephala nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0


FNA 



Images, wsp
 A.Gray

Torrey beak-rush,
Torrey's beaksedge
Native,
Likely extirpated,
Last collected 1929

Perennial,
Graminoid
Rhynchospora torreyana BB-1913 mod 1.png
Rhynchospora torreyana nymap.svg
NYFA-1Z
USDA-N0
NPT 





Images, wsp
(Gale) Kral

1920. Phaeocephalum cymosum House
1931. Dichromena cymosa J.F.Macbr.
1944. Rhynchospora globularis
var. recognita Gale
1999. R. recognita (Gale) Kral
Globe beak-rush Native,
Likely extirpated,
Last collected 1924

Perennial,
Graminoid
Rhynchospora recognita BB-1913 mod 1.png
Rhynchospora recognita nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0


FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
 M.A.Curtis

    
    
    
Pale beaksedge,
Pale beak-rush
Native,
Likely extirpated,
Last collected 1921

Perennial,
Graminoid
Rhynchospora pallida BB-1913 mod 1.png
Rhynchospora pallida nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
 A.Gray

    
    
    
Slender beaksedge Native,
Likely extirpated,
Last collected 1843

Perennial,
Graminoid
Rhynchospora gracilenta AWP-248.png
Rhynchospora gracilenta nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
(Chapm.) Small
var. globularis

    
    
    
Globe beaksedge Native,
No recent reports

Perennial,
Graminoid
Awp 0504a Rhynchospora globularis.png
Rhynchospora globularis var globularis nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
A. Gray (1835)

    
    R. axillaris (Lam.) Britton
    
Bunched beaksedge,
Capitate beak-rush
Native,
Likely extirpated,
No sources

Perennial,
Graminoid
Rhynchospora cephalantha nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
RhynchosporaVahl (excluded taxa) Beaksedge N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

    
    
    
Large beaksedge N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Rhynchospora macra AWP-SW.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-N0


FNA 



Images, wsp

    
    
    
Clustered beaksedge N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Rhynchospora glomerata AWP-SW.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-N0


FNA 



Images, wsp

Tribe Scirpeae[edit]

Eriophorum[edit]
Poales — Cyperaceae — Cyperoideae — Scirpeae — Eriophorum
Eriophorum Cottongrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

    
    
    
Tawny cottongrass,
Tawny cotton-grass
Native,
Secure
Eriophorum virginicum NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT 





Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Eriophorum vaginatum L.
1874. Eriophorum callithrix Lange
1910. Eriophorum fauriei E.G.Camus
1925. Eriophorum spissum Fernald
1931. Eriophorum scabridum Ohwi
Tussock cottongrass,
Tussock cotton-grass,
Sheathed cottongrass,
Hare's-tail cottongrass
Linaigrette à large gaine,
Linaigrette gainée
Native,
Secure
Eriophorum vaginatum no.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT 
ARS 
FNA 



Images, wsp
 Nutt.

    
    
    
Fewnerved cottongrass,
Rough cotton-grass
Native,
Secure
Eriophorum tenellum BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT 





Images, wsp
(Engelm.) Fernald

    
    
    
Green keeled cotton-grass,
Thinleaf cottonsedge
Native,
Secure
Eriophorum viridicarinatum.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT 





Images, wsp
W.D.J.Koch

    
    
    
Slender cottongrass,
Slender cotton-grass
Native,
Likely secure
Eriophorum gracile NRCS-1.jpg
Eriophorum gracile NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NPT 





Images, wsp
Eriophorum (excluded taxa) Cottongrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Honck.
ssp. angustifolium

1753. Eriophorum polystachion L. (i)
1782. E. angustifolium Honck.
1819. E. angustifolium var. majus
1936. E. angustifolium
ssp. scabriusculum
1962. E. angustifolium
ssp. subarcticum
Narrow-leaved cotton-grass,
Tall cottongrass
Linaigrette
  à feuilles étroites
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Common Cottongrass - Eriophorum angustifolium (14584122962).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN
NPT 

FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Scirpus[edit]
Poales — Cyperaceae — Cyperoideae — Scirpeae — Scirpus
Scirpus Bulrush N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Muhl.

Pendulous bulrush,
Nodding bulrush,
Pendulous bulrush,
Rufous bulrush
Native, C:1,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Graminoid
Scirpus pendulus NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT 





Images, wsp
 Makino

1928. Scirpus atrovirens
svar. viviparus Farwell
1933. Scirpus hattorianus Makino
Mosquito bulrush,
Early dark-green bulrush
Scirpe de Hattori
Native, C:1,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Graminoid
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can

FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
 Willd.

1809. Scirpus atrovirens Willd
1906. Scirpus atrovirens
var. pycnocephalus Fernald
Dark-green bulrush,
Darkgreen bulrush,
Green bulrush,
Black bulrush
Scirpe noirâtre,
Scirpe vert sombre
Native, C:2,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Graminoid
Scirpus atrovirens NRCS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
 (L.) Kunth

1762. Eriophorum cyperinum L.
1805. Trichophorum cyperinum
(L.) Pers.
1837. Scirpus cyperinus (L.) Kunth
1856. S. eriophorum var. cyperinus
1906. S. cyperinus var. pelius
1945. Scirpus rubricosus Fernald
Woolgrass,
Common woolly bulrush,
Common wool-grass,
Common woolsedge,
Brown woolly sedge
Scirpe souchet
Native, C:4,
Secure

OBL-FACW

Perennial,
Graminoid
Scirpus cyperinus UMFS.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
 Fernald

1899. Scirpus atrocinctus Fernald
1899. S. atrocinctus var. brachypodus
1900. Eriophorum cyperinum
var. atrocinctum
1946. S. cyperinus var. brachypodus
1981. Trichophorum atrocinctum
Á.Löve & D.Löve
Blackgirdle bulrush,
Black-girdled wool-grass,
Black-girdled woolsedge,
Woolgrass bulrush
Scirpe à ceinture noire
Native, C:5,
Secure

OBL-FACW

Perennial,
Graminoid
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
J.Presl & C.Presl

Scirpus rubrotinctus
Panicled bulrush,
Small-fruited bulrush
Native, C:6,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Graminoid
Scirpus microcarpus (4155051409).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT 





Images, wsp
 Vahl

Leafy bulrush Native, C:6,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Graminoid
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-N0
NPT 





Images, wsp
 Fernald

Stalked bulrush,
Stalked woolgrass
Native, C:7,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Graminoid
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NPT 





Images, wsp
 Fernald

    Scirpus sylvaticus L. p.p.
    Scirpus expansus Fernald
    
Wood bulrush,
Woodland beak-rush,
Woodland bulrush
Native, C:6,
Likely secure

OBL

Perennial,
Graminoid
Scirpus expansus BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NPT 





Images, wsp
 R.M.Harper

1900. Scirpus georgianus R.M.Harper
1921. S. atrovirens var. georgianus
Georgia bulrush Native, C:1,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[1]

OBL

Perennial,
Graminoid
Scirpus georgianus NRCS-1 4x3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NPT 

FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Schuyler

Northeastern bulrush Native, C:10,
Endangered,
FWS

OBL

Perennial,
Graminoid
Scirpus ancistrochaetus (5230034056).jpg
Scirpus ancistrochaetus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NPT 





Images, wsp
Note: [1]
 Fernald

1911. Scirpus longii Fernald
Long's bulrush
Scirpe de Long
Native,
Likely extirpated
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Scirpus hybrids[edit]
Poales — Cyperaceae — Cyperoideae — Scirpeae — Scirpus
Scirpus natural hybrids Hybrid wool-grass & bulrush N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
S. atrocinctus × cyperinus

Scirpus atrocinctus ×
Scirpus cyperinus

    
    
    
Hybrid wool-grass,
Hybrid of
 black-girdled wool-grass &
 common wool-grass
Native,
Unranked
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U






Images, wsp
S. atrocinctus × hattorianus

Scirpus atrocinctus ×
Scirpus hattorianus

    
    
    
Hybrid bulrush,
Hybrid of
 black-girdled wool-grass &
 mosquito bulrush
Native,
Unranked
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U






Images, wsp
S. atrovirens × hattorianus

Scirpus atrovirens ×
Scirpus hattorianus

    
    
    
Hybrid bulrush,
Hybrid of
 dark-green bulrush &
 mosquito bulrush
Native,
Unranked
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U






Images, wsp
S. atrovirens × polyphyllus

Scirpus atrovirens ×
Scirpus polyphyllus

    
    
    
Hybrid bulrush,
Hybrid of
 dark-green bulrush &
 leafy bulrush
Native,
Unranked
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U






Images, wsp
S. cyperinus × pedicellatus

Scirpus cyperinus ×
Scirpus pedicellatus

    
    
    
Hybrid wool-grass,
Hybrid of
 common wool-grass &
 stalked wool-grass
Native,
Unranked
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U






Images, wsp
S. expansus × microcarpus

Scirpus expansus ×
Scirpus microcarpus

    
    
    
Hybrid bulrush,
Hybrid of
 wood bulrush &
 barber-pole bulrush
Native,
Unranked
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U






Images, wsp
Scirpus (excluded taxa) Hybrid wool-grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
S. atrocinctus × pedicellatus

Scirpus atrocinctus ×
Scirpus pedicellatus

    
    
    
Hybrid wool-grass,
Hybrid of
 black-girdled wool-grass &
 stalked wool-grass
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD






Images, wsp
S. atrovirens × cyperinus

Scirpus atrovirens ×
Scirpus cyperinus

    
    
    
Hybrid wool-grass,
Hybrid of
 black-girdled wool-grass &
 common wool-grass
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD






Images, wsp
 Britton

Scirpus atrocinctus ×
Scirpus hattorianus

    Scirpus × peckii Britton
    
    
Peck's bulrush
Scirpe de Peck
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded

OBL

Perennial,
Graminoid
Scirpus × peckii BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3?
USDA-NN
NPT Can
ITIS




Images, wsp
Trichophorum[edit]
Poales — Cyperaceae — Cyperoideae — Scirpeae — Trichophorum
Trichophorum Bulrush N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Pers.

    Baeothryon alpinum (L.) Egor.
    Eriophorum alpinum L.
    Leucocoma alpina (L.) Rydb.
    Scirpus hudsonianus
(Michx.) Fernald
Alpine bulrush,
Alpine cotton-grass
Native,
Secure
Trichophorum alpinum.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Bashful bulrush Native,
Secure
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5






Images, wsp
ssp. cespitosum

Deer's-hair club sedge,
Deer's hair sedge,
Deergrass,
Deerhair bulrush,
Tufted bulrush
Native, C:10,
Threatened

FACU

Perennial,
Graminoid
Trichophorum cespitosum (Rasen-Haarbinse) IMG 2929.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2






Images, wsp
(A. Gray) S.G. Sm.

Clinton's bulrush Native, C:10,
Endangered

FACU

Perennial,
Graminoid
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Poales (2)
Juncaceae
Flora of New York — Poales (3) : Cyperaceae (1)
Sclerieae, Cladieae, Schoeneae, Scirpeae

Poales (4)
Cyperaceae (2)
Cariceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index