Flora of New York/Orchidaceae & Hypoxidaceae

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Dioscoreales & Liliales
Flora of New York — Asparagales (1)
Orchidaceae & Hypoxidaceae

Asparagales (2)
Iridaceae & Xanthorrhoeaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Order P Family Subfamily Tribe Genera G T
Asparagales 1 Orchidaceae Vanilloideae Pogonieae Pogonia (snakemouth orchid)
Isotria (fiveleaf orchid)
2 3
Cypripedioideae Cypripedium (lady's slipper) 1 8
Epidendroideae Neottieae Epipactis (helleborine)
Listera (twayblade)
2 6
Triphoreae Triphora (noddingcaps) 1 1
Arethuseae Arethusa (dragon's mouth) 2 2
Malaxideae Liparis (widelip-orchid)
Malaxis (adder's-mouth-orchid)
2 5
Maxillarieae Corallorhiza (coralroot)
Aplectrum (Adam and Eve)
3 6
Calypsoeae Calypso (fairy slipper)
Tipularia (cranefly orchid)
2 2
Orchidoideae Orchideae Amerorchis (roundleaf orchis)
Coeloglossum (frog-orchid)
Galearis (galearis)
Platanthera (fringed-orchid)
4 23
Cranichideae Goodyera (rattlesnake-plantain)
Spiranthes (ladies'-tresses)
2 12
Hypoxidaceae Hypoxis (eastern yellow stargrass) 1 1
2 Iridaceae Iridoideae Irideae Iris (iris)
Belamcanda (blackberry lily)
2 10
Sisyrinchieae Sisyrinchium (blue-eyed grass) 1 7
Crocoideae Ixiae Crocus (crocus) 1 4
Xanthorrhoeaceae Hemerocallidoieae Hemerocallideae Hemerocallis (daylily) 1 2
3 Ammaryllidaceae Allioideae Allium (garlic, onion, leek, chives) 1 14
Amaryllidoideae Narcisseae Narcissus (daffodil) 1 4
Galantheae Galanthus (snowdrop)
Leucojum (snowflake)
2 3
Asparagaceae Scilloideae Ornithogaleae Ornithogalum (star-of-Bethlehem) 1 2
Hyacintheae Chionodoxa (glory of the snow)
Hyacinthoides (English-bluebell)
Muscari (grape-hyacinth)
Scilla (squill)
4 5
Agavoideae Agaveae Yucca (Adam's needle)
Hosta (plantain lily)
2 4
Asparagoideae Asparagus (asparagus) 1 1
Nolinoideae Convallaria (lily-of-the-valley) 1 2
Maianthemum (mayflower)
Polygonatum (Solomon's-seal)
2 6

The classification scheme used here for the order Asparagales is from P.F. Stevens, (2001-2015). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, April 2015. - University of Missouri, St Louis, and Missouri Botanical Garden.

Family Orchidaceae[edit]

The Orchidaceae (orchid family) has about 20 genera with close to 70 taxa growing outside of cultivation in New York.[1]

  1. Orchidaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Subfamily Vanilloideae[edit]

The Vanilloideae ...

Tribe Pogonieae[edit]

Genus Pogonia[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Vanilloideae – tribe Pogonieae
Pogonia Pogonia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Ker Gawl.

1753. Arethusa ophioglossoides L.
1816. Pogonia ophioglossoides Ker Gawl.
1921. Pogonia ophioglossoides
var. brachypogon Fernald
Rose pogonia,
Snakemouth orchid,
Snake-mouth orchid

Pogonie langue-de-serpent,
Pogonie à langue de serpent
Native,
Likely secure,
CITES II

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Pogonia ophioglossoides Orchi 01.jpg
Pogonia ophioglossoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Genus Isotria[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Vanilloideae – tribe Pogonieae
IsotriaRaf. (1808) Fiveleaf orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
(Muhl. ex Willd.) Raf.

1805. Arethusa verticillata Muhl. ex Willd.
1808. Isotria verticillata Raf.
1818. Pogonia verticillata Nutt.
Large whorled pogonia,
Large whorled pogonia orchid,
Purple five-leaved orchid,
Purple fiveleaf orchid

Isotrie verticillée,
Grande pogonie verticillée
Native,
Vulnerable,
DEC-D[1],
CITES II
Isotria verticillata USFWS-1.jpg
Isotria verticillata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA 



Images, wsp
 (Pursh) Raf.

Arethusa medeoloidesPogonia affinis
Small whorled pogonia Native,
Endangered,
DEC-A[2]
Isotria medeoloides (16977598144).jpg
Isotria medeoloides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Subfamily Cypripedioideae[edit]

The Cypripedioideae consists of the lady's slipper orchids.

Genus Cypripedium[edit]

Cypripedium subg. Cypripedium[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Cypripedioideae – genus Cypripediumsubg. Cypripedium
Cypripediumsubg. Cypripediumsect. Acaulia Lady's-slipper N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
 Aiton

1789. Cypripedium acaule Aiton
1789. Fissipes acaulis (Aiton) Small
Pink lady's-slipper,
Moccasin flower,
Stemless lady’s-slipper

Cypripède acaule,
Cypripède rose,
Sabot de la Vierge
Native, CoC: 5,
Likely secure

WL: FACW
Pink Lady's Slipper 3.jpg
Cypripedium acaule nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
FNA 
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Cypripediumsubg. Cypripediumsect. Cypripedium Lady's-slipper N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
 Salisb.
var. makasin (Farw.) Sheviak

1918. C. pubescens var. makasin
1993. C. parviflorum var. makasin
Northern yellow lady's slipper,
Greater yellow lady's slipper,
Small yellow lady's slipper

Cypripède mocassin
Native,
Likely secure
Cypripedium parviflorum var. makasin Orchi 156-1.jpg
Cypripedium parviflorum var makasin nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 Salisb.
var. pubescens (Willd.) O.W.Knight

1804. Cypripedium pubescens Willd.
1906. C. parviflorum var. pubescens
1938. C. calceolus var. pubescens
Greater yellow lady's slipper,
Large yellow lady's slipper

Cypripède pubescent,
Cypripède jaune
  variété à pétales plats
Native,
Vulnerable
Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens Orchi 015a.jpg
Cypripedium parviflorum var pubescens nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA 
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 Salisb.
var. parviflorum

1791. Cypripedium parviflorum Salisb.
1946. C. calceolus var. parviflorum
1968. C. calceolus ssp. parviflorum
Small yellow lady's-slipper Native,
Endangered
Cypripedium parviflorum Orchi 014.jpg
Cypripedium parviflorum var parviflorum nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0
NEW 

FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Muhl. ex Willd.

Small white lady's slipper,
White lady's slipper
Native,
Endangered
Small white lady's slipper (Cypripedium candidum) (8915907256).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN



BNA


Images, wsp
Cypripediumsubg. Cypripediumsect. Cypripedium (excluded taxa) Lady's-slipper N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
L.

1753. Cypripedium calceolus L.
    
    
Eurasian lady's-slipper Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Excluded
Klump.ziedas1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-EXCLD





Kew 
Images, wsp
Cypripediumsubg. Cypripediumsect. Arietinum Lady's-slipper N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
 R.Br.

1813. Cypripedium arietinum R.Br.
1905. Criosanthes arietina (R.Br.) House
Ram's head lady's slipper,
Ram's head

Cypripède tête-de-bélier
Native,
Threatened
Cypripedium arietinum - Flickr 003.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
FNA 
BNA


Images, wsp
Cypripedium subg. Irapeana[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Cypripedioideae – genus Cypripediumsubg. Irapeana
Cypripediumsubg. Irapeanasect. Obtusiflora Lady's-slipper N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
 Walter

    
    
    
Showy lady's-slipper,
Pink-and-white lady's-slipper,
Queen's lady's-slipper

Cypripède royal
Native,
Vulnerable

WL: FACW
Cypripedium reginae Orchi 2012-05-30 004.jpg
Cypripedium reginae nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-NN
NEW 

FNA 
BNA


Images, wsp

Subfamily Epidendroideae[edit]

The Epidendroideae.

Tribe Neottieae[edit]

Genus Neottia[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Epidendroideae – tribe Neottieae – genus Neottia
NeottiaGuett. 1750 Twayblade N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 (L.) Rich.

1753. Ophrys cordata L.
1813. Listera cordata (L.) R.Br.
1818. Neottia cordata (L.) Rich.
1825. Distomaea cordata (L.) Spenner
1867. Pollinirhiza cordata (L.) Dulac
1891. Diphryllum cordatum (L.) Kuntze
Broadlipped twayblade,
Heart-leaved twayblade

Listère à feuilles cordées,
Listère à feuilles en coeur
Native,
Vulnerable
Listera cordata - Flickr 003.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
 (Raf.) Baumbach

1840. Listera australis Lindl.
1852. Neottia australis (Lindl.) Rchb.f.
1891. Diphryllum australe Kuntze
1905. Ophrys australis (Lindl.) House
1913. Bifolium australe (Lindl.) Nieuwl.
2009. Neottia bifolia (Raf.) Baumbach
Southern twayblade

Listère australe
Native,
Endangered
Neottia bifolia (as Ophrys australis) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1-2
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
(Wiegand) Szlach.

1899. Listera auriculata Wiegand
1905. Ophrys auriculata House
1913. Bifolium auriculatum Nieuwl.
1995. Neottia auriculata Szlach.
Auricled twayblade

Listère auriculée
Native,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[1]
Neottia auriculata (as Ophrys auriculata) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA Trop.

IPN 

Images, wsp
(Sw.) Rich.

1800. Epipactis convallarioides Sw.
1817. Neottia convallarioides Rich.
1818. Listera convallarioides Nutt.
1823. L. convallarioides Nutt. ex Elliott
1905. Ophrys convallarioides
W.Wight ex House
1828. L. eschscholziana
Cham. & Schltdl.
1840. Neottia eschscholziana Steud.
Broad-leaved twayblade,
Broad-lip twayblade

Listère faux-muguet
Native,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[2]
Neottia convallarioides USDA-FS1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
(Case) Baumbach

Neottia auriculata ×
Neottia convallarioides

1964. Listera × veltmanii Case
2009. Neottia × veltmanii  Baumbach
Veltman's twayblade,
Veltman's listera,
Hybrid of
 Auricled twayblade &
 Broad-leaved twayblade

Listère de Veltman
Native,
No reports

Perennial
Nymap.svg

USDA-NN]
NEW Can
ITIS




Images, wsp
Genus Epipactis[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Epidendroideae – tribe Neottieae – genus Epipactis
Epipactis Helleborine N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (L.) Crantz

Broad-leaved helleborine,
Eastern helleborine
Introduced
Epipactis helleborine 250606.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 (L.) Crantz

Marsh orchid Introduced,
Impersistent
Epipactis palustris 003.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-00

ITIS




Images, wsp

Tribe Triphoreae[edit]

Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Epidendroideae – tribe Triphoreae
Triphora Noddingcaps N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
ssp. trianthophora

Nodding pogonia,
Threebirds
Native,
Threatened
Triphora trianthophora - N.L.Britton, Man. Fl. N. States.jpg
Triphora trianthophora ssp trianthophora NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-NN






Images, wsp

Tribe Arethuseae[edit]

Genus Calopogon[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Epidendroideae – tribe Arethuseae – genus Calopogon
Calopogon Grass pink N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
var. tuberosus

1753. Limodorum tuberosum L.
1796. Limodorum pulchellum Salisb.
1813. Calopogon pulchellus R.Br.
1888. Calopogon tuberosus BSP
Tuberous grass-pink,
Swamp pink

Calopogon tubéreux,,
Calopogon gracieux
Native,
Likely secure

WL: FACW-OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Calopogon tuberosus - Flickr 003.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN


FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Genus Arethusa[edit]

Arethusa is currently a monotypic species.

Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Epidendroideae – tribe Arethuseae – genus Arethusa
Arethusa Dragon's mouth N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Arethusa bulbosa L.
Dragon's mouth,
Swamp pink

Aréthuse bulbeuse
Native,
Threatened

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Arethusa bulbosa 1-eheep (5097460073).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp

Tribe Malaxideae[edit]

Genus Liparis[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Epidendroideae – tribe Malaxideae – genus Liparis
Liparis Wide-lip orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (L.) Rich.

1753. Ophrys loeselii L.
1815. Malaxis correana W.P.C.Barton
1817. Liparis loeselii (L.) Rich.
Loesel's twayblade,
Fen orchid,
Fen orchis,
Bog twayblade,
Yellow wide-lip orchid

Liparis de Loesel,
Liparide de Loesel
Native,
Likely secure
Liparis loeselii detail.jpeg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
Can

FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
 (L.) Rich. ex Lindl.

1753. Ophrys liliifolia L.
1800. Malaxis liliifolia Sw.
1825. Liparis liliifolia (L.) Rich.
Brown widelip orchid,
Lily-leaved twayblade,
Purple twayblade,
Large twayblade,
Mauve sleekwort

Liparis à feuilles de lis
Native,
Endangered
Liparis liliifolia - Flickr 003 (1).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
Can

FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Genus Malaxis[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Epidendroideae – tribe Malaxideae – genus Malaxis
MalaxisSol. ex Sw. (1788) Adder's-mouth orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 Michx.

Green adder's-mouth Native, CoC: 8,
Likely secure
Malaxis unifolia (as Microstylis ophioglossoides) - Edwards vol 15 pl 1290 (1829).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 Fernald

Bayard's adder's-mouth orchid,
Appalachian
  adder's-mouth orchid,
Bayard’s malaxis
Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[1]
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW 


NSE BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
 (L.) Sw.
var. brachypoda Á.Löve & D.Löve

    Malaxis brachypoda
    M. monophyllos ssp. brachypoda
    
North American
  white adder’s-mouth,
White adder's-mouth orchid
Native, CoC: 10,
Likely secure
Malaxis monophyllos var brachypoda 4-eheep (5097457051).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp
Malaxis (excluded taxa) Adder's-mouth orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 (L.) Sw.
var. monophyllos

1753. Ophrys monophyllos L.
1800. Malaxis monophyllos (L.) Sw.
1828. M. diphyllos Cham. & Schltdl.
1891. Achroanthes monophylla
(L.) Greene
1975. M. monophyllos var. diphyllos
Aleutian adder's-mouth orchid,
Eurasian white adder’s-mouth
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 Alaska,
 BC,
Excluded
Malaxis monophyllos - flora 02.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-EXCLD
USDA-NN

ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp

Tribe Maxillarieae[edit]

Genus Corallorhiza[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Epidendroideae – tribe Maxillarieae – subtr. Corallorhiza
Corallorhiza Coral root N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 (Raf.) Raf.
var. maculata

Corallorhiza multiflora
Spotted coralroot,
Summer coralroot

Corallorhize maculée
Native,
Likely secure
Corallorhiza maculata 0897.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
Can

FNA 



Images, wsp

Early coralroot,
Northern coral-root
Native,
Likely secure
Corallorrhiza trifida 02 mg-k.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4






Images, wsp
 (Willd.) Poir.
var. odontorhiza

Autumn coralroot Native,
Likely secure
Corallorhiza odontorhiza BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-






Images, wsp
var. pringlei

Autumn coralroot Native,
No recent reports
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z






Images, wsp
var. striata

Striped coral-root Native,
Endangered
Corallorhiza striata 5-eheep (5098054996).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1






Images, wsp
Genus Aplectrum[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Epidendroideae – tribe Maxillarieae – genus Aplectrum
Aplectrum Adam and Eve N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Muhl. ex Willd.) Nutt. (1818)

Cymbidium hyemale Muhl. ex Willd.
Adam and Eve,
Putty root
Native,
Endangered
Aplectrum hyemale leaf closeup.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1

ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp

Tribe Calypsoeae[edit]

Genus Calypso[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Epidendroideae – tribe Calypsoeae – subtr. Calypso
Calypso Fairy slipper N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Oakes
var. americana (R.Br.) Luer

    Cytherea bulbosa (L.) House p.p.
    
    
Fairy slipper Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered,
No recent reports

WL: FACW

Perenial,
Herb-forb
Calypso bulbosa 5496.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN


FNA 



Images, wsp
Calypso (excluded taxa) Fairy slipper N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
 (L.) Oakes
var. bulbosa

    
    
    
Fairy slipper Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Excluded

Perenial,
Herb-forb
Calypsobulbosa.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-EXCLD
USDA-NN


FNA 

LBJ

Images, wsp
Genus Tipularia[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Epidendroideae – tribe Calypsoeae – subtr. Tipularia
Tipularia Tipularia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Pursh) Nutt.

Cranefly orchid,
Crippled cranefly
Native,
Endangered
Cranefly orchid.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-N0






Images, wsp

Subfamily Orchidoideae[edit]

Tribe Orchideae[edit]

Genus Coeloglossum[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Orchidoideae – tribe Orchideae – genus Coeloglossum
Coeloglossum Frog orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Hartm.

Dactylorhiza viridis
Longbract frog orchid,
Long-bract green orchis
Native,
Likely secure
Epipactis.jjd.jpg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Genus Galearis[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Orchidoideae – tribe Orchideae – genus Galearis
GalearisRaf. Galearis N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Raf.

1753. Orchis spectabilis L.
1826. Habenaria spectabilis Spreng.
1833. Galearis spectabilis Raf.
1901. Galeorchis spectabilis Rydb.
Showy orchid,
Showy orchis
Native,
Likely secure
Showy Orchis (4750581627).jpg
Galearis spectabilis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Amerorchis Amerorchis N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Banks ex Pursh) Hultén

1814. Orchis rotundifolia Banks ex Pursh
1966. Ponerorchis rotundifolia Soó
1968. Amerorchis rotundifolia Hultén
2009. Galearis rotundifolia R.M.Bateman
Round-leaved orchis Native,
Likely extirpated
Amerorchis rotundifolia.jpg
Amerorchis rotundifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN

ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
Genus Platanthera[edit]

The grouping used here for the Platanthera species is based primarily on Charles L. Argue (2012) The Pollination Biology of North American Orchids: Volume 1. pp. 81-179.

Platanthera: Limnorchis group[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Orchidoideae – tribe Orchideae – genus PlatantheraLimnorchis group
PlatantheraLimnorchis group Fringed orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 Sheviak

1753. Orchis hyperborea L. s.l.p.p.
1813. Habenaria hyperborea (L.) R.Br. (i)
1835. Platanthera hyperborea (L.) Lindl. (i)
1900. Limnorchis hyperborea (L.) Rydb. (i)
1999. Platanthera aquilonis Sheviak
2008. Limnorchis aquilonis
Rebrist. & Elven
Northern green orchid,
Tall northern green orchid,
North wind bog-orchid,
Eagle rein orchid,
Sheviak's bog orchid

Platanthère du Nord
Native,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Platanthera aquilonis 1216011.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
var. dilatata (Pursh) Lindl. ex L.C.Beck

1814. Orchis dilatata Pursh
1825. Habenaria dilatata (Pursh) Hook.
1833. P. dilatata Lindl. ex L.C.Beck
1839. P. dilatata var. angustifolia Hook.
1901. Limnorchis dilatata (Pursh) Rydb.
Bog-candle,
Scent-bottle,
White bog-orchid,
White northern bog-orchid,
Tall white bog orchid

Platanthère dilatée
Native,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Platanthera dilatata - Flickr 003.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.

IPN 

Images, wsp
 (Nutt.) Lindl.

1818. Orchis huronensis Nutt.
1826. P. huronensis (Nutt.) Spreng.
1835. Habenaria huronensis (Nutt.) Lindl.
1901. Limnorchis × media Rydb.
1904. Habenaria × media (Rydb.) G.G.Niles
1923. H. hyperborea var. huronensis Farw.
1975. P. × media (Rydb.) Luer
1975. P. hyperborea var. huronensis Luer
Huron green orchid,
Lake Huron green orchid,
Lake Huron green bog-orchid,
Fragrant green orchid,
Intermediate bog orchid,
Northern green bog orchid

Platanthère du lac Huron
Native,
Likely secure
Platanthera huronensis - Flickr 003 (1).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Platanthera aquilonis × dilatata

Platanthera aquilonis ×
Platanthera dilatata

Hybrid of
 Northern green orchid &
 Bog-candle
Native,
Not reported

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Nymap.svg
NYFA-D






Images, wsp
Platanthera dilatata × huronensis

Platanthera dilatata ×
Platanthera huronensis

Hybrid of
 Bog-candle &
 Huron green orchid
Native,
Not reported

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Nymap.svg
NYFA-D






Images, wsp
PlatantheraLimnorchis group (excluded taxa) Fringed orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
(L.) Lindl.

1767. Orchis hyperborea L.
1813. Habenaria hyperborea (L.) R. Br.
1900. Limnorchis hyperborea (L.) Rydb.
1835. Platanthera hyperborea (L.) Lindl.
Northern green orchid Introduced,
Excluded
Platanthera hyperborea in East Iceland.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-EXCLD
USDA-00

ARS 
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Platanthera: Flava group[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Orchidoideae – tribe Orchideae – genus PlatantheraFlava group
PlatantheraFlava group Fringed orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 (L.) Lindl.
var. herbiola (R.Br.) Luer

1813. Habenaria herbiola R.Br.
1943. Habenaria flava
var. herbiola (R.Br.) Ames & Correll
1975. Platanthera flava
var. herbiola (R.Br.) Luer
Palegreen orchid,
Pale green orchid,
Northern tubercled bog-orchid
Native,
Likely secure
Platanthera flava var herbiola 1003081 2x3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 
ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
PlatantheraFlava group (excluded taxa) Fringed orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
 (L.) Lindl.
var. flava

    Perularia flava (L.) Farw.
    Platanthera flava (L.) Lindl.
    
Palegreen orchid N. America native,
Excluded
Platanthera flava 1392187.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-EXCLD
USDA-NN


FNA 



Images, wsp
Platanthera: Platanthera group[edit]

Platanthera obtusata is pollinated by mosquitoes.[1]

Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Orchidoideae – tribe Orchideae – genus PlatantheraPlatanthera group
PlatantheraPlatanthera group Fringed orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
(Pursh) Lindl.

1814. Orchis orbiculata Pursh
1826. Habenaria orbiculata Torr.
1835. Platanthera menziesii Lindl.
1835. Platanthera orbiculata Lindl.
1901. Lysias orbiculata (Pursh) Rydb.
1950. Habenaria orbiculata
var. lehorsii Fernald
1950. Habenaria orbiculata
var. menziesii Fernald
1977. Platanthera orbiculata
var. lehorsii W.J.Schrenk
Lesser roundleaved orchid,
Lesser roundleaved rein orchid,
Small roundleaved orchid,
Large round-leaved orchid

Platanthère à feuilles orbiculaires,
Habénaire à feuilles orbiculaires
Native,
Likely secure
Platanthera orbiculata 5537294.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4?
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
(Goldie) P.M.Brown

1822. Habenaria macrophylla Goldie
1906. Lysias macrophylla House
1929. Habenaria orbiculata
fo. macrophylla
F.J.A.Morris & E.A.Eames
1967. Habenaria orbiculata
var. macrophylla B.Boivin
1975. Platanthera orbiculata
var. macrophylla Luer
1988. P. macrophylla P.M.Brown
Greater round-leaved orchid,
Large-leaved bog-orchid,
Dinner plate orchid,
Goldie's round-leaved orchid

Platanthère à grandes feuilles,
Habénaire à grandes feuilles
Native,
Likely secure
Platanthera macrophylla 5515559.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4?
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
(Banks ex Pursh) Lindl.

1814. Orchis obtusata Banks ex Pursh
1823. Habenaria obtusata Richardson
1835. Platanthera obtusata Lindl.
1900. Lysiella obtusata Rydb.
1926. Habenaria obtusata
var. collectanea Fernald
Small northern bog-orchid,
Blunt-leaved orchid,
Blunt-leaved bog-orchid,
One-leaved rein orchid

Platanthère à feuille obtuse,
Habénaire à feuille obtuse
Native,
Likely secure
Platanthera obtusata (7833385264).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
(Torr. ex A.Gray) Lindl.

1835. Habenaria hookeri Torr. ex A.Gray
1835. Habenaria hookeriana Lindl.*
1835. Platanthera hookeri Lindl.
1870. Orchis hookeri Alph. Wood
1901. Lysias hookeri Rydb.
1901. Lysias hookeriana * Rydb.
1933. Habenaria hookeri
var. abbreviata Fernald
1977. Platanthera hookeri
var. abbreviata W.J.Schrenk
Hooker's orchid

Platanthère de Hooker,
Habénaire de Hooker
Native,
Endangered
Hooker's orchid (Pancake B).JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Platanthera: Lacera group[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Orchidoideae – tribe Orchideae – genus PlatantheraLacera group
PlatantheraLacera group Fringed orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
(Michx.) G.Don

1803. Orchis lacera Michx.
1810. Habenaria lacera R.Br.
1839. Platanthera lacera G.Don
1900. Fimbriella lacera Farw.
1901. Blephariglotis* lacera Farw.
1901. Blephariglottis lacera Farw.
1981. Fimbriella lacera Butzin
Green fringed bog-orchid,
Green fringed orchis,
Ragged orchis

Platanthère lacérée,
Habénaire lacérée
Native,
Likely secure
Platanthera lacera - Flickr 003.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA 



Images, wsp
(L.) Lindl.

1753. Orchis psycodes L.
1826. Habenaria psycodes
(L.) Spreng.
1835. P. psycodes (L.) Llindl.
1981. Fimbriella psycodes
(L.) Butzin
Lesser purple fringed orchid,
Lesser purple fringed bog-orchid

Platanthère papillon,
Habénaire papillon,
Habénaire frangée pourpre
Native,
Likely secure
Platanthera psycodes.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA 



Images, wsp
(Bigelow) Lindl.

1824. Orchis grandiflora Bigelow
1835. P. grandiflora (Bigelow) Lindl.
1840. Habenaria psycodes
var. grandiflora
Large purple fringed orchis,
Greater purple fringed orchid
Native,
Likely secure
Platanthera grandiflora.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
(Nutt.) Lindl.

1835. Orchis leucophaea Nutt.
1835. Platanthera leucophaea Lindl.
1867. Habenaria leucophaea A.Gray
Eastern prairie
  white fringed orchid,
Eastern prairie
  white fringed bog-orchid
Native,
Endangered
Platanthera leucophaea FWS 8252.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
PlatantheraLacera group (excluded taxa) Fringed orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution X

1840. Habenaria peramoena
A.Gray
1848. P. peramoena
(A.Gray) A.Gray
1901. Blephariglotis peramoena
(A.Gray) Rydb.
Purple fringeless orchid N. America native,
Excluded
Platanthera peramoena (17412546920).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-EXCLD
USDA-N0


FNA Trop.



Images, wsp

Platanthera lacera ×
Platanthera psycodes

Fringed orchid,
Hybrid of
 Green fringed orchis &
 Lesser purple fringed orchid
Native,
Not listed
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
P.M.Catling & Brownell

Platanthera lacera ×
Platanthera leucophaea

Fringed orchid,
Hybrid of
 Green fringed orchis &
 Eastern prairie
   white fringed orchid
Native,
No reports
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-0N
Can
ITIS




Images, wsp
P.M.Brown

Platanthera grandiflora ×
Platanthera lacera

Hybrid of
 Large purple fringed orchis &
 Green fringed bog-orchid
Native,
No reports
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-D
NEW 





Images, wsp
Platanthera: Blephariglottis group[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Orchidoideae – tribe Orchideae – genus PlatantheraBlephariglottis group
PlatantheraBlephariglottis group Fringed orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 (Willd.) Lindl.
var. blephariglottis

1805. Orchis blephariglottis Willd.
1824. Habenaria blepharoglottis Hook.
1835. Platanthera blephariglottis Lindl.
1836. Blephariglottis albiflora Raf.
1901. Blephariglottis blephariglottis Rydb.
White fringed orchis,
White fringed bog orchid

Platanthère à gorge frangée,
Habénaire à gorge frangée,
Habénaire frangée blanche
Native,
Likely secure
White fringed orchid.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp

Small green woodland orchid Native,
Likely secure
Platanthera clavellata 5497991.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4






Images, wsp
 (L.) Lindl.

1753. Orchis ciliaris L.
1813. Habenaria ciliaris (L.) R.Br.
1835. Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindl.
1901. Blephariglottis ciliaris (L.) Rydb.
1901. Blephariglotis ciliaris (L.) Rydb.*
Yellow fringed orchid,
Orange fringed bog orchid

Platanthère ciliée,
Habénaire ciliée
Native,
Endangered

WL: FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Platanthera ciliaris FWS-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp

Yellow crested orchis Native,
Endangered
Orange yellow crested orchid platanthera cristata blossoms on stem.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1






Images, wsp

Platanthera blephariglottis ×
Platanthera ciliaris

Fringed orchid,
Hybrid of
 White fringed orchid &
 Yellow fringed orchid
Native
Nymap.svg







Images, wsp

Platanthera blephariglottis ×
Platanthera cristata

Fringed orchid,
Hybrid of
 White fringed orchid &
 Yellow crested orchis
Native
Nymap.svg







Images, wsp
 F.W.Case

Platanthera blephariglottis ×
Platanthera clavellata

Native,
No reports
Nymap.svg
NYFA-D






Images, wsp

Tribe Cranichideae[edit]

Genus Goodyera[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Orchidoideae – tribe Cranichideae – genus Goodyera
Goodyera Rattlesnake plantain N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 (Willd.) R.Br.

1805. Neottia pubescens Willd.
1891. Orchiodes pubescens Kuntze
1892. Peramium pubescens MacMill.
1813. Goodyera pubescens R.Br.
Downy rattlesnake-plantain

Goodyérie pubescente
Native,
Likely secure
Goodyera pubescens - Flickr 003.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
 (L.) R.Br.

1753. Satyrium repens L.
1813. Goodyera repens (L.) R.Br.
1899. Goodyera repens
var. ophioides Fernald
1901. Peramium ophioides Rydb.
1931. Goodyera ophioides Rydb.
Dwarf rattlesnake-plantain,
Lesser rattlesnake-plantain

Goodyérie rampante
Native,
Likely secure
Goodyera-repens-mgk1.jpg
Goodyera repens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN
NEW 

FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
 Lodd.

1824. Goodyera tesselata Lodd.
1900. Peramium tesselatum A.Heller
1908. Epipactis tesselata A.A.Eaton
1979. Goodyera repens
var. tesselata (Lodd.) B.Boivin
Checkered rattlesnake plantain,
Tesselated rattlesnake-plantain,
Loddiges' rattlesnake-plantain

Goodyérie panachée
Native,
Likely secure
Goodyera tesselata WFNY-041B.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
 Raf.

1833. Goodyera oblongifolia Raf.
1908. Epipactis decipiens Benth.
1923. Goodyera decipiens Hubbard
Western rattlesnake plantain,
Giant rattlesnake plantain

Goodyérie à feuilles oblongues
Native,
Unranked
Rattkesnake Plaintain - Flowers (17020644141).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-D
NEW 





Images, wsp
Genus Spiranthes[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Orchidoideae – tribe Cranichideae – genus Spiranthes
Spiranthes Ladies' tresses N.Y. Status Images Distribution 10
(H.H.Eaton) Ames

1832. Neottia lucida H.H.Eaton
1833. S. plantaginea (Raf.) Raf.
1905. Ibidium plantagineum
(Raf.) House
1908. S. lucida (H.H.Eaton) Ames
Shining ladies'-tresses,
Wide-leaved ladies'-tresses

Spiranthe lustrée,
Spiranthe brillante
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure

WL: FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Spiranthes lucida WFNY-042A.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp
(Rydb.) Rydb.

1901. Gyrostachys ochroleuca
Rydb.
1905. S. cernua var. ochroleuca
1932. S. ochroleuca Rydb.
1941. S. × steigeri Correll
Yellow nodding ladies'-tresses,
Yellow ladies'-tresses

Spiranthe jaunâtre
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure
Spiranthes ochroleuca Orchi 06.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
 (L.) Rich.

1753. Ophrys cernua L.
1800. Neottia cernua (L.) Willd.
1817. S. cernua (L.) Rich.
1891. Gyrostachys cernua
(L.) Kuntze
1905. Ibidium cernuum (L.) House
1913. Triorchis cernua (L.) Nieuwl.
Nodding lady's tresses,
Nodding ladies'-tresses

Spiranthe penchée,
Spiranthe cernuée
Native, CoC: 2,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Spiranthes cernua (17573761536).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Cham.

1828. S. romanzoffiana Cham.
1900. Gyrostachys stricta Rydb.
1905. Ibidium strictum House
1909. S. stricta A.Nelson
Hooded ladies'-tresses,
Irish lady's-tresses

Spiranthe de Romanzoff
Native, CoC: 8,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Spiranthes romanzoffiana NRCS-001.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
BNA
IPN 

Images, wsp
 (Raf.) Raf.
var. lacera

1818. Neottia lacera Raf.
1833. S. lacera (Raf.) Raf.
Northern slender ladies'-tresses,
Northern slender lady's tresses

Spiranthe découpée,
Spiranthe lacérée
Native, CoC: 5,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Spiranthes lacera (4916811718).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 (Raf.) Raf.
var. gracilis (Bigelow) Luer

1824. Neottia gracilis Bigelow
1833. S. gracilis (Bigelow) L.C.Beck
1840. S. beckii Lindl.
1905. Ibidium gracile
(Bigelow) House
1906. Ibidium beckii House
1975. S. lacera var. gracilis
Southern slender ladies'-tresses,
Slender lady's tresses

Spiranthe grêle,
Spiranthe gracile
Native, CoC: 5,
Vulnerable

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Spiranthes lacera var gracilis NRCS-001 2x3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Catling & Cruise
var. casei

1974. S. casei Catling & Cruise
1981. S. casei var. casei
 auct. S. × intermedianon Ames
 auct. S. vernalis
non Engelm & A.Gray
Case's ladies'-tresses

Spiranthe de Case
Native, CoC: 2,
Vulnerable

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 Raf.

1833. Spiranthes tuberosa Raf.
1904. S. grayi Ames
1867. S. simplex A.Gray
1946. S. tuberosa var. grayi
Little ladies'-tresses,
Little lady's tresses

Spiranthe
Native, CoC: 10,
Vulnerable

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-NN
NEW 
ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Engelm. & A.Gray

1845. S. vernalis Engelm. & A.Gray
1891. Gyrostachys vernalis Kuntze
1905. Ibidium vernale House
1908. S. sinensis (Pers.) Ames
Twisted ladies'-tresses,
Spring ladies'-tresses,
Spring lady's tresses,
Upland ladiestresses

Spiranthe
Native, CoC: 7,
Endangered

WL: FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Spiranthes vernalis-001.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
NEW 
ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Sheviak

1973. S. magnicamporum Sheviak
    
    
Great Plains ladies'-tresses,
Great Plains lady's-tresses
Native, CoC: 8,
Unranked,
CITES-II

WL: FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Great Plains Lady's Tresses (Spiranthes magnicamporum) (19708196576).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-U
USDA-NN


FNA 
NSE BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
Spiranthes (excluded taxa) Ladies' tresses N.Y. Status Images Distribution X
(Walter) S. Watson

1788. Limodorum praecox Walter
1890. S. praecox (Walter) S. Watson
1906. Ibidium praecox
(Walter) House
1913. Triorchis praecox
(Walter) Nieuwl.
Greenvein lady's tresses N. America native,
Excluded
Lilies and orchids (Plate XIV) (6279408897).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-EXCLD
USDA-N0


FNA 

IPN 

Images, wsp
Catling & Sheviak

S. lacera var. lacera ×
S. romanzoffiana

Native,
No reports
Nymap.svg



FNA 



Images, wsp
P.M.Brown

S. lacera var. gracilis ×
S. tuberosa

Native,
No reports
Nymap.svg







Images, wsp
Ames

S. lacera var. gracilis ×
S. vernalis

Native,
No reports
Nymap.svg







Images, wsp

Family Hypoxidaceae[edit]

The Hypoxidaceae[1]

Genus Hypoxis[edit]

Asparagales – fam. Hypoxidaceae – genus Hypoxis
Hypoxis Star grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Coville

1753. Ornithogalum hirsutum L.
1759. Hypoxis erecta L. superfl.
1803. Hypoxis carolinensis Michx.
1814. Hypoxis graminea Pursh
1894. Hypoxis hirsuta (L.) Coville
1894. Hypoxis micrantha Pollard
Eastern yellow stargrass,
Common goldstar,
Common stargrass,
Yellow stargrass

Hypoxis hirsute
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure

WL: FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Hypoxis hirsuta WFNY-025 (18240936449).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA
IPN 

Images, wsp
  1. Hypoxidaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.