Flora of New York/Orchidaceae & Hypoxidaceae

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Dioscoreales & Liliales
Flora of New York — Asparagales (1)
Orchidaceae & Hypoxidaceae

Asparagales (2)
Iridaceae & Xanthorrhoeaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Order P Family Subfamily Tribe Genera G T
Asparagales 1 Orchidaceae Vanilloideae Pogonieae Pogonia (snakemouth orchid)
Isotria (fiveleaf orchid)
2 3
Cypripedioideae Cypripedium (lady's slipper) 1 8
Epidendroideae Neottieae Epipactis (helleborine)
Listera (twayblade)
2 6
Triphoreae Triphora (noddingcaps) 1 1
Arethuseae Arethusa (dragon's mouth) 2 2
Malaxideae Liparis (widelip-orchid)
Malaxis (adder's-mouth-orchid)
2 5
Maxillarieae Corallorhiza (coralroot)
Aplectrum (Adam and Eve)
3 6
Calypsoeae Calypso (fairy slipper)
Tipularia (cranefly orchid)
2 2
Orchidoideae Orchideae Amerorchis (roundleaf orchis)
Coeloglossum (frog-orchid)
Galearis (galearis)
Platanthera (fringed-orchid)
4 23
Cranichideae Goodyera (rattlesnake-plantain)
Spiranthes (ladies'-tresses)
2 12
Hypoxidaceae Hypoxis (eastern yellow stargrass) 1 1
2 Iridaceae Iridoideae Irideae Iris (iris)
Belamcanda (blackberry lily)
2 10
Sisyrinchieae Sisyrinchium (blue-eyed grass) 1 7
Crocoideae Ixiae Crocus (crocus) 1 4
Xanthorrhoeaceae Hemerocallidoieae Hemerocallideae Hemerocallis (daylily) 1 2
3 Ammaryllidaceae Allioideae Allium (garlic, onion, leek, chives) 1 14
Amaryllidoideae Narcisseae Narcissus (daffodil) 1 4
Galantheae Galanthus (snowdrop)
Leucojum (snowflake)
2 3
Asparagaceae Scilloideae Ornithogaleae Ornithogalum (star-of-Bethlehem) 1 2
Hyacintheae Chionodoxa (glory of the snow)
Hyacinthoides (English-bluebell)
Muscari (grape-hyacinth)
Scilla (squill)
4 5
Agavoideae Agaveae Yucca (Adam's needle)
Hosta (plantain lily)
2 4
Asparagoideae Asparagus (asparagus) 1 1
Nolinoideae Convallaria (lily-of-the-valley) 1 2
Maianthemum (mayflower)
Polygonatum (Solomon's-seal)
2 6

The classification scheme used here for the order Asparagales is from P.F. Stevens, (2001-2015). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, April 2015. - University of Missouri, St Louis, and Missouri Botanical Garden.

Family Orchidaceae[edit]

The Orchidaceae (orchid family) has about 20 genera with close to 70 taxa growing outside of cultivation in New York.[1]

  1. Orchidaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Subfamily Vanilloideae[edit]

The Vanilloideae ...

Tribe Pogonieae[edit]

Genus Pogonia[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Vanilloideae – tribe Pogonieae
Pogonia Pogonia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Ker Gawl.

1753. Arethusa ophioglossoides L.
1816. Pogonia ophioglossoides Ker Gawl.
1921. Pogonia ophioglossoides
   var.
brachypogon Fernald
Rose pogonia,
Snakemouth orchid,
Snake-mouth orchid

Pogonie langue-de-serpent,
Pogonie à langue de serpent
Native,
Likely secure,
CITES II

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Pogonia ophioglossoides Orchi 25.jpg
Pogonia ophioglossoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
Genus Isotria[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Vanilloideae – tribe Pogonieae
IsotriaRaf. (1808) Fiveleaf orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
(Muhl. ex Willd.) Raf.

1805. Arethusa verticillata Muhl. ex Willd.
1808. Isotria verticillata Raf.
1818. Pogonia verticillata Nutt.
Large whorled pogonia,
Large whorled pogonia orchid,
Purple five-leaved orchid,
Purple fiveleaf orchid

Isotrie verticillée,
Grande pogonie verticillée
Native,
Vulnerable,
DEC-D[1],
CITES II
Isotria verticillata.jpg
Isotria verticillata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA 


Images, wsp
 (Pursh) Raf.

Arethusa medeoloides
Pogonia affinis
Small whorled pogonia Native,
Endangered,
DEC-A[2]
Isotria medeoloides NRCS-1.jpg
Isotria medeoloides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN





Images, wsp

Subfamily Cypripedioideae[edit]

The Cypripedioideae consists of the lady's slipper orchids.

Genus Cypripedium[edit]

Cypripedium subg. Cypripedium[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Cypripedioideae – genus Cypripediumsubg. Cypripedium
Cypripediumsubg. Cypripediumsect. Acaulia Lady's-slipper N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
 Aiton

1789. Cypripedium acaule Aiton
1789. Fissipes acaulis (Aiton) Small
Pink lady's-slipper,
Moccasin flower,
Stemless lady’s-slipper

Cypripède acaule,
Cypripède rose,
Sabot de la Vierge
Native,
Likely secure

WL: FACW
Cypripedium acaule 5473494.jpg
Cypripedium acaule nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
FNA 
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
Cypripediumsubg. Cypripediumsect. Cypripedium Lady's-slipper N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
 Salisb.
var. makasin (Farw.) Sheviak

1918. Cypripedium pubescens
   var.
makasin Farw.
1993. Cypripedium parviflorum
   var.
makasin Sheviak
Northern yellow lady's slipper,
Greater yellow lady's slipper,
Small yellow lady's slipper

Cypripède mocassin
Native,
Likely secure
Cypripedium parviflorum Orchi 010.jpg
Cypripedium parviflorum var makasin nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA Trop.
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 Salisb.
var. pubescens (Willd.) O.W.Knight

1804. Cypripedium pubescens Willd.
1906. Cypripedium parviflorum
   var.
pubescens O.W.Knight
1938. Cypripedium calceolus
   var.
pubescens Correll
Greater yellow lady's slipper,
Large yellow lady's slipper

Cypripède pubescent,
Cypripède jaune variété à pétales plats
Native,
Vulnerable
Cypripedium pubescens MLA.jpg
Cypripedium parviflorum var pubescens nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA 
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 Salisb.
var. parviflorum

1791. Cypripedium parviflorum Salisb.
1946. Cypripedium calceolus
   var.
parviflorum Fernald
1968. Cypripedium calceolus
   ssp.
parviflorum Hultén
Small yellow lady's-slipper Native,
Endangered
Cypripedium calceolus var parviflorum 15-eheep (5098056750).jpg
Cypripedium parviflorum var parviflorum nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0
NEW 

FNA Trop.
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
Muhl. ex Willd.
Small white lady's slipper,
White lady's slipper
Native,
Endangered
Cypripedium candidum 1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN



BNA 

Images, wsp
A.M.Fuller

Cypripedium candidum ×
Cypripedium parviflorum
         
var parviflorum
Hybrid lady's slipper Native,
Endangered
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Cypripediumsubg. Cypripediumsect. Arietinum Lady's-slipper N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
 R.Br.

1813. Cypripedium arietinum R.Br.
1905. Criosanthes arietina (R.Br.) House
Ram's head lady's slipper,
Ram's head

Cypripède tête-de-bélier
Native,
Threatened
Ram's-Head Lady's-Slipper (Cypripedium arietinum).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
FNA 
BNA 

Images, wsp
Cypripedium subg. Irapeana[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Cypripedioideae – genus Cypripediumsubg. Irapeana
Cypripediumsubg. Irapeanasect. Obtusiflora Lady's-slipper N.Y. Status Images Distribution 8
 Walter
Showy lady's-slipper,
Pink-and-white lady's-slipper,
Queen's lady's-slipper

Cypripède royal
Native,
Vulnerable

WL: FACW
Cypripedium reginae MLA.jpg
Cypripedium reginae nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-NN
NEW 

FNA 
BNA 

Images, wsp

Subfamily Epidendroideae[edit]

The Epidendroideae.

Tribe Neottieae[edit]

Genus Neottia[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Epidendroideae – tribe Neottieae – genus Neottia
NeottiaGuett. 1750 Twayblade N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 (L.) Rich.

1753. Ophrys cordata L.
1813. Listera cordata (L.) R.Br.
1818. Neottia cordata (L.) Rich.
1825. Distomaea cordata (L.) Spenner
1867. Pollinirhiza cordata (L.) Dulac
1891. Diphryllum cordatum (L.) Kuntze
Broadlipped twayblade,
Heart-leaved twayblade

Listère à feuilles cordées,
Listère à feuilles en coeur
Native,
Vulnerable
Listera cordata - Flickr 003.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngListera cordata 1044.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 (Raf.) Baumbach

1840. Listera australis Lindl.
1852. Neottia australis (Lindl.) Rchb.f.
1891. Diphryllum australe Kuntze
1905. Ophrys australis (Lindl.) House
1913. Bifolium australe (Lindl.) Nieuwl.
2009. Neottia bifolia (Raf.) Baumbach
Southern twayblade

Listère australe
Native,
Endangered
Neottia bifolia (as Ophrys australis) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1-2
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 (Wiegand) Szlach.

1899. Listera auriculata Wiegand
1905. Ophrys auriculata House
1913. Bifolium auriculatum Nieuwl.
1995. Neottia auriculata Szlach.
Auricled twayblade

Listère auriculée
Native,
Endangered
Neottia auriculata (as Ophrys auriculata) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA Trop.

IPN 
Images, wsp
 (Sw.) Rich.

1800. Epipactis convallarioides Sw.
1817. Neottia convallarioides Rich.
1818. Listera convallarioides Nutt.
1823. Listera convallarioides Nutt. ex Elliott
1905. Ophrys convallarioides W.Wight ex House
1828. Listera eschscholziana Cham. & Schltdl.
1840. Neottia eschscholziana Steud.
Broad-leaved twayblade,
Broad-lip twayblade

Listère faux-muguet
Native,
Endangered
Listeraconvallarioides.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 (Case) Baumbach

Neottia auriculata ×
Neottia convallarioides

1964. Listera × veltmanii Case
2009. Neottia × veltmanii  Baumbach
Veltman's twayblade,
Veltman's listera,
Hybrid of
 Auricled twayblade &
 Broad-leaved twayblade

Listère de Veltman
Native,
No reports

Perennial
Nymap.svg

USDA-NN]
NEW Can
ITIS



Images, wsp
Genus Epipactis[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Epidendroideae – tribe Neottieae – genus Epipactis
Epipactis Helleborine N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (L.) Crantz
Broad-leaved helleborine,
Eastern helleborine
Introduced
Epipactis helleborine 250606.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
 (L.) Crantz
Marsh orchid Introduced,
Impersistent
Epipactis palustris 003.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-00

ITIS



Images, wsp

Tribe Triphoreae[edit]

Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Epidendroideae – tribe Triphoreae
Triphora Noddingcaps N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
ssp. trianthophora
Nodding pogonia,
Threebirds
Native,
Threatened
Triphora trianthophora - N.L.Britton, Man. Fl. N. States.jpg
Triphora trianthophora ssp trianthophora NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-NN





Images, wsp

Tribe Arethuseae[edit]

Genus Calopogon[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Epidendroideae – tribe Arethuseae – genus Calopogon
Calopogon Grass pink N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
var. tuberosus

1753. Limodorum tuberosum L.
1796. Limodorum pulchellum Salisb.
1813. Calopogon pulchellus R.Br.
1888. Calopogon tuberosus BSP
Tuberous grass-pink,
Swamp pink

Calopogon tubéreux,,
Calopogon gracieux
Native,
Likely secure

WL: FACW-OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Calopogon tuberosus - Flickr 003.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN


FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Genus Arethusa[edit]

Arethusa is currently a monotypic species.

Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Epidendroideae – tribe Arethuseae – genus Arethusa
Arethusa Dragon's mouth N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Arethusa bulbosa L.
Dragon's mouth,
Swamp pink

Aréthuse bulbeuse
Native,
Threatened

WL: OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Arethusa bulbosa 1-eheep (5097460073).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-2
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp

Tribe Malaxideae[edit]

Genus Liparis[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Epidendroideae – tribe Malaxideae – genus Liparis
Liparis Wide-lip orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 (L.) Rich.

1753. Ophrys loeselii L.
1815. Malaxis correana W.P.C.Barton
1817. Liparis loeselii (L.) Rich.
Loesel's twayblade,
Fen orchid,
Fen orchis,
Bog twayblade,
Yellow wide-lip orchid

Liparis de Loesel,
Liparide de Loesel
Native,
Likely secure
Liparis loeselii detail.jpeg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
Can

FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 (L.) Rich. ex Lindl.

1753. Ophrys liliifolia L.
1800. Malaxis liliifolia Sw.
1825. Liparis liliifolia (L.) Rich.
Brown widelip orchid,
Lily-leaved twayblade,
Purple twayblade,
Large twayblade,
Mauve sleekwort

Liparis à feuilles de lis
Native,
Endangered
Liparis liliifolia - Flickr 003 (1).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
Can

FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Genus Malaxis[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Epidendroideae – tribe Malaxideae – genus Malaxis
Malaxis Adder's-mouth orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 (L.) Sw.
var. brachypoda

Malaxis brachypoda
North American
  white adder’s-mouth,
White adder's-mouth orchid
Native,
Likely secure
Malaxis monophyllos - folia.jpg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ITIS



Images, wsp
 Michx.
Green adder's-mouth Native,
Likely secure
Malaxis unifolia (as Microstylis ophioglossoides) - Edwards vol 15 pl 1290 (1829).jpg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
 Fernald
Bayard's adder's-mouth orchid,
Bayard’s malaxis
Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1
USDA-NN





Images, wsp

Tribe Maxillarieae[edit]

Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Epidendroideae – tribe Maxillarieae
Corallorhiza Coral root N.Y. Status Images Distribution 5
 (Raf.) Raf.
var. maculata

Corallorhiza multiflora
Spotted coralroot,
Summer coralroot

Corallorhize maculée
Native,
Likely secure
Corallorhiza maculata 0897.JPGImg spacer 2x87.pngCorallorhiza maculata 0905.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
Can

FNA 


Images, wsp
Early coralroot,
Northern coral-root
Native,
Likely secure
Corallorrhiza trifida 02 mg-k.jpg
NYFA-4





Images, wsp
var. odontorhiza
Autumn coralroot Native,
Likely secure
Corallorhiza odontorhiza BB-1913.png
NYFA-4





Images, wsp
var. pringlei
Autumn coralroot Native,
No recent reports
NYFA-Z





Images, wsp
var. striata
Striped coral-root Native,
Endangered
Corallorhiza striata 5-eheep (5098054996).jpg
NYFA-1





Images, wsp
Aplectrum Adam and Eve N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Muhl. ex Willd.) Nutt. (1818)

Cymbidium hyemale Muhl. ex Willd.
Adam and Eve,
Putty root
Native,
Endangered
Aplectrum hyemale leaf closeup.JPG
NYFA-1

ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp

Tribe Calypsoeae[edit]

Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Epidendroideae – tribe Calypsoeae
Calypso Fairy slipper N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Oakes
var. americana (R.Br.) Luer

Cytherea bulbosa (L.) House p.p.
Fairy slipper Native,
Endangered
Calypso bulbosa - Flickr 005.jpg
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Tipularia Tipularia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Pursh) Nutt.
Cranefly orchid,
Crippled cranefly
Native,
Endangered
Cranefly orchid.JPG
NYFA-1
USDA-N0





Images, wsp

Subfamily Orchidoideae[edit]

Tribe Orchideae[edit]

Genus Coeloglossum[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Orchidoideae – tribe Orchideae – genus Coeloglossum
Coeloglossum Frog orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Hartm.

Dactylorhiza viridis
Longbract frog orchid,
Long-bract green orchis
Native,
Likely secure
Epipactis.jjd.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngFrog Orchid (Dactylorhiza viridis) - geograph.org.uk - 1362799.jpg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
Genus Galearis[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Orchidoideae – tribe Orchideae – genus Galearis
GalearisRaf. Galearis N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Raf.

1753. Orchis spectabilis L.
1826. Habenaria spectabilis Spreng.
1833. Galearis spectabilis Raf.
1901. Galeorchis spectabilis Rydb.
Showy orchid,
Showy orchis
Native,
Likely secure
Showy Orchis (4750581627).jpg
Galearis spectabilis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Amerorchis Amerorchis N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Banks ex Pursh) Hultén

1814. Orchis rotundifolia Banks ex Pursh
1966. Ponerorchis rotundifolia Soó
1968. Amerorchis rotundifolia Hultén
2009. Galearis rotundifolia R.M.Bateman
Round-leaved orchis Native,
Likely extirpated
Amerorchis rotundifolia.jpg
Amerorchis rotundifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-NN

ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
Genus Platanthera[edit]

The grouping used here for the Platanthera species is based primarily on Charles L. Argue (2012) The Pollination Biology of North American Orchids: Volume 1. pp. 81-179.

Platanthera: Limnorchis group[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Orchidoideae – tribe Orchideae – genus PlatantheraLimnorchis group
PlatantheraLimnorchis group Fringed orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 Sheviak

1753. Orchis hyperborea L. s.l.p.p.
1813. Habenaria hyperborea (L.) R.Br. s.l.p.p.
1835. Platanthera hyperborea (L.) Lindl. s.l.p.p.
1900. Limnorchis hyperborea (L.) Rydb. s.l.p.p.
1999. Platanthera aquilonis Sheviak
2008. Limnorchis aquilonis Rebrist. & Elven
Northern green orchid,
Tall northern green orchid,
North wind bog-orchid,
Eagle rein orchid,
Sheviak's bog orchid

Platanthère du Nord
Native,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Platanthera aquilonis 1216011.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngPlatanthera aquilonis 1216010.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
var. dilatata (Pursh) Lindl. ex L.C.Beck

1814. Orchis dilatata Pursh
1825. Habenaria dilatata (Pursh) Hook.
1833. Platanthera dilatata Lindl. ex L.C.Beck
1839. P. dilatata var. angustifolia Hook.
1901. Limnorchis dilatata (Pursh) Rydb.
Bog-candle,
Scent-bottle,
White bog-orchid,
White northern bog-orchid,
Tall white bog orchid

Platanthère dilatée
Native,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Platanthera dilatata - Flickr 003.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngTall White Northern Bog Orchid (3818287656).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.

IPN 
Images, wsp
 (Nutt.) Lindl.

1818. Orchis huronensis Nutt.
1826. Platanthera huronensis (Nutt.) Spreng.
1835. Habenaria huronensis (Nutt.) Lindl.
1901. Limnorchis × media Rydb.
1904. Habenaria × media (Rydb.) G.G.Niles
1923. H. hyperborea var. huronensis Farw.
1975. Platanthera × media (Rydb.) Luer
1975. P. hyperborea var. huronensis Luer
Huron green orchid,
Lake Huron green orchid,
Lake Huron green bog-orchid,
Fragrant green orchid,
Intermediate bog orchid,
Northern green bog orchid

Platanthère du lac Huron
Native,
Likely secure
Platanthera huronensis - Flickr 003 (1).jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngPlatantherahuronensis.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Platanthera aquilonis × dilatata

Platanthera aquilonis ×
Platanthera dilatata
Hybrid of
 Northern green orchid &
 Bog-candle
Native,
Not reported

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Nymap.svg
NYFA-D





Images, wsp
Platanthera dilatata × huronensis

Platanthera dilatata ×
Platanthera huronensis
Hybrid of
 Bog-candle &
 Huron green orchid
Native,
Not reported

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Nymap.svg
NYFA-D





Images, wsp
Platanthera: Flava group[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Orchidoideae – tribe Orchideae – genus PlatantheraFlava group
PlatantheraFlava group Fringed orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 (L.) Lindl.
var. herbiola (R.Br.) Luer

1813. Habenaria herbiola R.Br.
1943. Habenaria flava
   var.
herbiola (R.Br.) Ames & Correll
1975. Platanthera flava
   var.
herbiola (R.Br.) Luer
Palegreen orchid,
Pale green orchid,
Northern tubercled bog-orchid
Native,
Likely secure
Platanthera flava var herbiola 1003081 2x3.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngPlatanthera flava var herbiola 1003083 2x3.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 
ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Platanthera: Platanthera group[edit]

Platanthera obtusata is pollinated by mosquitoes.[1]

Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Orchidoideae – tribe Orchideae – genus PlatantheraPlatanthera group
PlatantheraPlatanthera group Fringed orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
(Pursh) Lindl.

1814. Orchis orbiculata Pursh
1826. Habenaria orbiculata Torr.
1835. Platanthera menziesii Lindl.
1835. Platanthera orbiculata Lindl.
1901. Lysias orbiculata (Pursh) Rydb.
1950. Habenaria orbiculata
   var.
lehorsii Fernald
1950. Habenaria orbiculata
   var.
menziesii Fernald
1977. Platanthera orbiculata
   var.
lehorsii W.J.Schrenk
Lesser roundleaved orchid,
Lesser roundleaved rein orchid,
Small roundleaved orchid,
Large round-leaved orchid

Platanthère à feuilles orbiculaires,
Habénaire à feuilles orbiculaires
Native,
Likely secure
Platanthera orbiculata 5537294.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4?
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
(Goldie) P.M.Brown

1822. Habenaria macrophylla Goldie
1906. Lysias macrophylla House
1929. Habenaria orbiculata
   fo.
macrophylla
   F.J.A.Morris & E.A.Eames

1967. Habenaria orbiculata
   var.
macrophylla B.Boivin
1975. Platanthera orbiculata
   var.
macrophylla Luer
1988. P. macrophylla P.M.Brown
Greater round-leaved orchid,
Large-leaved bog-orchid,
Dinner plate orchid,
Goldie's round-leaved orchid

Platanthère à grandes feuilles,
Habénaire à grandes feuilles
Native,
Likely secure
Platanthera macrophylla 5515559.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4?
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
(Banks ex Pursh) Lindl.

1814. Orchis obtusata Banks ex Pursh
1823. Habenaria obtusata Richardson
1835. Platanthera obtusata Lindl.
1900. Lysiella obtusata Rydb.
1926. Habenaria obtusata
   var.
collectanea Fernald
Small northern bog-orchid,
Blunt-leaved orchid,
Blunt-leaved bog-orchid,
One-leaved rein orchid

Platanthère à feuille obtuse,
Habénaire à feuille obtuse
Native,
Likely secure
Platanthera obtusata (7833385264).jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngPlatanthera obtusata - Flickr 003.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
(Torr. ex A.Gray) Lindl.

1835. Habenaria hookeri Torr. ex A.Gray
1835. Habenaria hookeriana Lindl.*
1835. Platanthera hookeri Lindl.
1870. Orchis hookeri Alph. Wood
1901. Lysias hookeri Rydb.
1901. Lysias hookeriana * Rydb.
1933. Habenaria hookeri
   var.
abbreviata Fernald
1977. Platanthera hookeri
   var.
abbreviata W.J.Schrenk
Hooker's orchid

Platanthère de Hooker,
Habénaire de Hooker
Native,
Endangered
Hooker's orchid (Pancake B).JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Platanthera: Lacera group[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Orchidoideae – tribe Orchideae – genus PlatantheraLacera group
PlatantheraLacera group Fringed orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 (Michx.) G.Don

1803. Orchis lacera Michx.
1810. Habenaria lacera R.Br.
1839. Platanthera lacera G.Don
1900. Fimbriella lacera Farw.
1901. Blephariglotis* lacera Farw.
1901. Blephariglottis lacera Farw.
1981. Fimbriella lacera Butzin
Green fringed bog-orchid,
Green fringed orchis,
Ragged orchis

Platanthère lacérée,
Habénaire lacérée
Native,
Likely secure
Platanthera lacera habit.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA 


Images, wsp
 (L.) Lindl.

1753. Orchis psycodes L.
1826. Habenaria psycodes (L.) Spreng.
1835. Platanthera psycodes (L.) Llindl.
1981. Fimbriella psycodes (L.) Butzin
Lesser purple fringed orchid,
Lesser purple fringed bog-orchid

Platanthère papillon,
Habénaire papillon,
Habénaire frangée pourpre
Native,
Likely secure
Platanthera psycodes.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA 


Images, wsp
(Bigelow) Lindl.
Large purple fringed orchis,
Greater purple fringed orchid
Native,
Likely secure
Platanthera grandiflora.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngPlatanthera grandiflora (as Habenaria fimbriata) - Bot. Reg. 5 pl.405 (1819).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
(Nutt.) Lindl.

1835. Orchis leucophaea Nutt.
1835. Platanthera leucophaea Lindl.
1867. Habenaria leucophaea A.Gray
Eastern prairie
  white fringed orchid,
Eastern prairie
  white fringed bog-orchid
Native,
Endangered
Platanthera leucophaea FWS 8252.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngPlatanthera leucophaea.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp

Platanthera lacera ×
Platanthera psycodes
Fringed orchid,
Hybrid of
 Green fringed orchis &
 Lesser purple fringed orchid
Native,
Not listed
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-NN





Images, wsp
P.M.Catling & Brownell

Platanthera lacera ×
Platanthera leucophaea
Fringed orchid,
Hybrid of
 Green fringed orchis &
 Eastern prairie
   white fringed orchid
Native,
No reports
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-0N
Can
ITIS



Images, wsp
 P.M.Brown

Platanthera grandiflora ×
Platanthera lacera
Hybrid of
 Large purple fringed orchis &
 Green fringed bog-orchid
Native,
No reports
Nymap.svg
NYFA-D
NEW 




Images, wsp
Platanthera: Blephariglottis group[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Orchidoideae – tribe Orchideae – genus PlatantheraBlephariglottis group
PlatantheraBlephariglottis group Fringed orchid N.Y. Status Images Distribution 20
 (Willd.) Lindl.
var. blephariglottis

1805. Orchis blephariglottis Willd.
1824. Habenaria blepharoglottis Hook.
1835. Platanthera blephariglottis Lindl.
1836. Blephariglottis albiflora Raf.
1901. Blephariglottis blephariglottis Rydb.
White fringed orchis,
White fringed bog orchid

Platanthère à gorge frangée,
Habénaire à gorge frangée,
Habénaire frangée blanche
Native,
Likely secure
White fringed orchid.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
Small green woodland orchid Native,
Likely secure
Platanthera clavellata 5497991.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngPlatanthera clavellata 5499155.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4





Images, wsp
 (L.) Lindl.

1753. Orchis ciliaris L.
1813. Habenaria ciliaris (L.) R.Br.
1835. Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindl.
1901. Blephariglottis ciliaris (L.) Rydb.
1901. Blephariglotis ciliaris (L.) Rydb.*
Yellow fringed orchid,
Orange fringed bog orchid

Platanthère ciliée,
Habénaire ciliée
Native,
Endangered

WL: FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Platanthera ciliaris FWS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngPlatanthera ciliaris - Flickr 003.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Yellow crested orchis Native,
Endangered
Orange yellow crested orchid platanthera cristata blossoms on stem.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngYellow crested orchid orange flower with dark background platanthera cristata.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1





Images, wsp

Platanthera blephariglottis ×
Platanthera ciliaris
Fringed orchid,
Hybrid of
 White fringed orchid &
 Yellow fringed orchid
Native
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp

Platanthera blephariglottis ×
Platanthera cristata
Fringed orchid,
Hybrid of
 White fringed orchid &
 Yellow crested orchis
Native
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp
 F.W.Case

Platanthera blephariglottis ×
Platanthera clavellata
Native,
No reports
Nymap.svg
NYFA-D





Images, wsp

Tribe Cranichideae[edit]

Genus Goodyera[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Orchidoideae – tribe Cranichideae – genus Goodyera
Goodyera Rattlesnake plantain N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 (Willd.) R.Br.

1805. Neottia pubescens Willd.
1891. Orchiodes pubescens Kuntze
1892. Peramium pubescens MacMill.
1813. Goodyera pubescens R.Br.
Downy rattlesnake-plantain

Goodyérie pubescente
Native,
Likely secure
Goodyera pubescens - Flickr 003.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngSmall white orchid blossoms on stems growing from basal leaf plants.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 (L.) R.Br.

1753. Satyrium repens L.
1813. Goodyera repens (L.) R.Br.
1899. Goodyera repens
   var.
ophioides Fernald
1901. Peramium ophioides Rydb.
1931. Goodyera ophioides Rydb.
Dwarf rattlesnake-plantain,
Lesser rattlesnake-plantain

Goodyérie rampante
Native,
Likely secure
Goodyera-repens-mgk1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngGoodyera-repens-mgk6.jpg
Goodyera repens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4-5
USDA-NN
NEW 

FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 Lodd.

1824. Goodyera tesselata Lodd.
1900. Peramium tesselatum A.Heller
1908. Epipactis tesselata A.A.Eaton
1979. Goodyera repens
   var.
tesselata (Lodd.) B.Boivin
Checkered rattlesnake plantain,
Tesselated rattlesnake-plantain,
Loddiges' rattlesnake-plantain

Goodyérie panachée
Native,
Likely secure
Goodyera tesselata BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 Raf.

1833. Goodyera oblongifolia Raf.
1908. Epipactis decipiens Benth.
1923. Goodyera decipiens Hubbard
Western rattlesnake plantain,
Giant rattlesnake plantain

Goodyérie à feuilles oblongues
Native,
Unranked
Goodyera oblongifolia 1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-D
NEW 




Images, wsp
Genus Spiranthes[edit]
Asparagales – fam. Orchidaceae – subfam. Orchidoideae – tribe Cranichideae – genus Spiranthes
Spiranthes Ladies' tresses N.Y. Status Images Distribution 9
 (H.H.Eaton) Ames

1832. Neottia lucida H.H.Eaton
1833. Spiranthes plantaginea (Raf.) Raf.
1905. Ibidium plantagineum (Raf.) House
1908. Spiranthes lucida (H.H.Eaton) Ames
Shining ladies'-tresses,
Wide-leaved ladies'-tresses

Spiranthe lustrée,
Spiranthe brillante
Native,
Secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Spiranthes lucida (as Ibidium plantagineum) BB-1913.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngSpiranthes lucida WFNY-042A.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 (Rydb.) Rydb.

1901. Gyrostachys ochroleuca Rydb.
1905. S. cernua var. ochroleuca Ames
1932. Spiranthes ochroleuca Rydb.
1941. Spiranthes × steigeri Correll
Yellow nodding ladies'-tresses,
Yellow ladies'-tresses

Spiranthe jaunâtre
Native,
Secure
Spiranthes ochroleuca Orchi 02.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngSpiranthes ochroleuca Orchi 06.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 (L.) Rich.

1753. Ophrys cernua L.
1800. Neottia cernua (L.) Willd.
1817. Spiranthes cernua (L.) Rich.
1891. Gyrostachys cernua (L.) Kuntze
1905. Ibidium cernuum (L.) House
1913. Triorchis cernua (L.) Nieuwl.
Nodding lady's tresses,
Nodding ladies'-tresses

Spiranthe penchée,
Spiranthe cernuée
Native,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Spiranthes cernua0.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can

FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Cham.

1828. Spiranthes romanzoffiana Cham.
1900. Gyrostachys stricta Rydb.
1905. Ibidium strictum House
1909. Spiranthes stricta A.Nelson
Hooded ladies'-tresses,
Irish lady's-tresses

Spiranthe de Romanzoff
Native,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Spiranthes romanzoffiana NRCS-001.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngSpiranthes romanzoffiana (as Ibidium strictum) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
BNA 
IPN 
Images, wsp
 (Raf.) Raf.
var. lacera

1818. Neottia lacera Raf.
1833. Spiranthes lacera Raf.
Northern slender ladies'-tresses,
Northern slender lady's tresses

Spiranthe découpée,
Spiranthe lacérée
Native,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Spiranthes lacera var gracilis NRCS-001 2x3.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngSpiranthes lacera var gracilis (as Ibidium beckii) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA 


Images, wsp
 (Raf.) Raf.
var. gracilis (Bigelow) Luer

1824. Neottia gracilis Bigelow
1833. Spiranthes gracilis (Bigelow) L.C.Beck
1840. Spiranthes beckii Lindl.
1905. Ibidium gracile (Bigelow) House
1906. Ibidium beckii House
1975. S. lacera var. gracilis (Bigelow) Luer
Southern slender ladies'-tresses,
Slender lady's tresses

Spiranthe grêle,
Spiranthe gracile
Native,
Vulnerable

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Spiranthes lacera var gracilis NRCS-001.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 Catling & Cruise
var. casei

1974. Spiranthes casei Catling & Cruise
1981. S. casei var. casei Catling (autonym)
auct. Spiranthes × intermedianon Ames
auct. Spiranthes vernalis
   non Engelm & A.Gray
Case's ladies'-tresses

Spiranthe de Case
Native,
Vulnerable

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA 

Images, wsp
 Raf.

1833. Spiranthes tuberosa Raf.
1904. Spiranthes grayi Ames
1867. Spiranthes simplex A.Gray
1946. Spiranthes tuberosa
   var.
grayi (Ames) Fernald
Little ladies'-tresses,
Little lady's tresses

Spiranthe
Native,
Vulnerable

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Nymap.svg
NYFA-3
USDA-NN
NEW 
ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
 Engelm. & A.Gray

1845. Spiranthes vernalis Engelm. & A.Gray
1891. Gyrostachys vernalis Kuntze
1905. Ibidium vernale House
1908. Spiranthes sinensis (Pers.) Ames
Twisted ladies'-tresses,
Spring ladies'-tresses,
Spring lady's tresses,
Upland ladiestresses

Spiranthe
Native,
Endangered

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Spiranthes vernalis-001.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngSpiranthes vernalis (as Ibidium vernale) BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
NEW 
ITIS
FNA Trop.


Images, wsp
Catling & Sheviak

Spiranthes lacera var. lacera ×
Spiranthes romanzoffiana
Native,
No reports
Nymap.svg



FNA 


Images, wsp
 P.M.Brown

Spiranthes lacera var. gracilis ×
Spiranthes tuberosa
Native,
No reports
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp
 Ames

Spiranthes lacera var. gracilis ×
Spiranthes vernalis
Native,
No reports
Nymap.svg






Images, wsp

Family Hypoxidaceae[edit]

The Hypoxidaceae[1]

Genus Hypoxis[edit]

Asparagales – fam. Hypoxidaceae – genus Hypoxis
Hypoxis Star grass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Coville

1753. Ornithogalum hirsutum L.
1759. Hypoxis erecta L. superfl.
1803. Hypoxis carolinensis Michx.
1814. Hypoxis graminea Pursh
1894. Hypoxis hirsuta (L.) Coville
1894. Hypoxis micrantha Pollard
Eastern yellow stargrass,
Common goldstar,
Common stargrass,
Yellow stargrass

Hypoxis hirsute
Native,
Secure,
CoC: 6

WL: FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Hypoxis villosa (hirsuta) - Common star-grass DSC07948 C.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
NSE BNA 
IPN 
Images, wsp
  1. Hypoxidaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.