Flora of New York/Malvales

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Crossosomatales, Sapindales
Flora of New York — Malvales
Brassicales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


The order Malvales ...

Family Thymelaeaceae[edit]

The Thymelaeaceae (family)...

Subfamily Thymelaeoideae[edit]

Tribe Thymelaeeae[edit]

Genus Dirca[edit]
Malvales – fam. Thymelaeaceae – subfam. Thymelaeoideae – tribe Thymelaeeae – genus Dirca
Dirca Leatherwood N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Dirca palustris L.
1995. Dirca mexicana
G.L.Nesom & Mayfield
2009. Dirca decipiens Floden
Eastern leatherwood,
Wicopy,
Moosewood,
Ropebark

Dirca des marais,
Bois de plomb,
Dircé bois-de-plomb,
Dircée des marais
Native, CoC: 8,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Shrub,
Part shade - shade
American medical botany (8294400760).jpg
Dirca palustris NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.
NSE BNA
LBJ

Images, wsp
Genus Daphne[edit]
Malvales – fam. Thymelaeaceae – subfam. Thymelaeoideae – tribe Thymelaeeae – genus Daphne
Daphne Daphne N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

1753. Daphne mezereum L.
1772. Thymelaea mezereum (L.) Scop.
1792. Thymelaea praecox Gilib. inval.
1804. Daphne albiflora J.W.Wolf
1843. Mezereum officinarum C.A.Mey.
1851. Daphne × houtteana Lindl.& Paxton
February daphne,
Mezereon,
Mezer’s daphne,
Paradise plant,
Spurge laurel,
Lady laurel

Bois joli,
Bois gentil,
Daphné mézéréon
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive,
Notes: [1], [2]

FACU

Perennial,
Shrub, subshrub
Prof. Dr. Thomé's Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz, in Wort und Bild, für Schule und Haus; mit ... Tafeln ... von Walter Müller (Pl. 347) (7982385321).jpg
Daphne mezereum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
  1. Daphne mezereum has invaded moist forests in S. Ontario "Invasive Exotic Species Ranking for Southern Ontario," Urban Forest Associates Inc., 2002
  2. All parts of Daphne mezereum are toxic if eaten, and contact with the sap can cause skin irritation."Go Botany" New England Wild Flower Society 2011-2016, Daphne mezereum Canadian Biodiversity Information Facility, 2014

Family Cistaceae[edit]

The Cistaceae (rock-rose family)...[1]

Genus Lechea[edit]

The genus Lechea is based primarily in eastern North America and contains about 18 species referred to as "pinweeds," of which seven sepecies (nine taxa) have been reported in New York. Most are low-growing herbs with narrow leaves and may small flowers that resemble pinheads.[2]

Linneaus named the genus Lechea for Swedish botanist Johan Leche (1704-1764), who taught in Finland and is regarded as the father of Finnish meteorology and space research, based on his documentation of the northern lights and early measurements of air temperature in collaboration with Anders Celsius.[3]

Malvales – fam. Cistaceae – genus Lechea
Lechea Pinweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 7
 Legg. ex Britton

1888. Lechea leggettii var. intermedia (i)
1894. L. intermedia Legg. ex Britton
1938. L. intermedia var. laurentiana
Intermediate pinweed,
Largepod pinweed,
Large-podded pinweed,
Round-fruit pinweed,
Narrow-leaved pinweed,
Laurentian pinweed

Léchéa intermédiaire,
Léchéa de la vallée
  du Saint-Laurent
Native,
Secure
Lechea intermedia BB-1913.png
Lechea intermedia var intermedia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Raf.

1814. Lechea mucronata Raf.
1816. Lechea villosa Elliott
1903. L. major var. villosa Grosser
1966. L. minor var. villosa B.Boivin
auctLechea stricta non Legg. ex Britt.
Hairy pinweed

Léchéa velu
Native,
Secure
Lechea mucronata drawing 1.png
Lechea mucronata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Legg. ex Britton
var. maritima

1881. Lechea maritima Legg. ex Britton
1890. Lechea minor var. maritima A.Gray
Beach pinweed Native,
Likely secure
Lechea maritima drawing 1.png
Lechea maritima var maritima NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lechea minor L.
1803. Lechea thymifolia Michx.
Thymeleaf pinweed,
Thyme-leaved pinweed,
Small pinweed

Léchéa mineur,
Léchéa mineure
Native,
Vulnerable
Lechea minor drawing 1.png
Lechea minor NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
USDA-NN
NEW Can



IPN 

Images, wsp
 Lam.

1803. Lechea racemulosa Lam.
1843. Lechea minor var. gracilis Torr.
Illinois pinweed Native,
Vulnerable
Lechea racemulosa drawing 1.png
Lechea racemulosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
 Raf.

1836. Lechea pulchella Raf.
1894. L. leggettii Britton & Hollick
1938. L. leggettii var. moniliformis
1978. L. pulchella var. moniliformis
Leggett's pinweed,
Bead pinweed,
Pinweed
Native,
Vulnerable
Lechea pulchella pulchella drawing 1.png
Lechea pulchella var pulchella NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3?
USDA-N0
NEW 





Images, wsp
 Michx.

Narrowleaf pinweed,
Slender pinweed
Native,
Threatened,
NYNHP: 2[3]
Lechea tenuifolia drawing 1.png
Lechea tenuifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-N0
NEW 





Images, wsp

Genus Hudsonia[edit]

Malvales – fam. Cistaceae – genus Hudsonia
Hudsonia Goldenheather N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 Nutt.

    
    
    
Sand-heather,
Sand false-heather,
Woolly beachheather,
False heather,
Woolly Hudsonia

Hudsonie tomenteuse
Native,
Secure
Hudsonia tomentosa.jpg
Hudsonia tomentosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can





Images, wsp
 L.

False heather,
Golden heather,
Pine barren goldenheather,
Pine-barren false heather
Native,
Likely secure
Hudsonia ericoides.jpg
Hudsonia ericoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp

Genus Crocanthemum[edit]

Malvales – fam. Cistaceae – genus Crocanthemum
CrocanthemumSpach New-world frostweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
(L.) Britton

1753. Cistus canadensis L.
1803. Helianthemum canadense
(L.) Michx.
1888. Helianthemum major
(L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
1903. Halimium canadense
(L.) Grosser
1913. Crocanthemum canadense
(L.) Britton
Long-branched frostweed,
Common frostweed,
Canada frostweed,
Canada sun-rose,
Rock-rose,
Frostwort

Hélianthème du Canada,
Crocanthème du Canada
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure
Crocanthemum canadense WFNY-131B.jpg
Crocanthemum canadense NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.

LBJ

Images, wsp
(Fernald) Janch.

1890. Helianthemum canadense
var. walkerae
1913. Crocanthemum majus
(L.) Britton
1919. Helianthemum bicknellii
Fernald
1925. Crocanthemum bicknellii
(Fernald) Janch.
1927. Helianthemum walkerae
Lyon,Jr.,M.W.
Hoary frostweed,
Bicknell's frostweed,
Bicknell's hoary frostweed,
Plains frostweed

Hélianthème de Bicknell,
Crocanthème de Bicknell
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure
Crocanthemum bicknellii drawing 1.png
Crocanthemum bicknellii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
E.P.Bicknell

1905. Helianthemum propinquum
E.P. Bicknell
1913. Crocanthemum propinquum
(E.P. Bicknell) E.P. Bicknell
Low frostweed,
Early frostweed
Native, CoC: 6,
Threatened,
NYNHP: 2-3[1]
Crocanthemum propinquum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2-3
USDA-N0
NEW 





Images, wsp
E.P.Bicknell

1913. Crocanthemum dumosum
E.P.Bicknell
1917. Helianthemum dumosum
(E.P.Bicknell) Fernald
Bushy frostweed,
Bush rockrose,
Bushy rockrose
Native, CoC: 0,
Threatened,
NYNHP: 2[2]
Crocanthemum dumosum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2
USDA-N0
NEW 

Trop.



Images, wsp

Genus Helianthemum[edit]

Malvales – fam. Cistaceae – genus Helianthemum
HelianthemumMill. Old-world frostweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(L.) Mill.

1753. Cistus salicifolius L.
1768. H. salicifolium (L.) Mill.
Willow-leaved frostweed,
Willowleaf frostweed,
Frostweed
Introduced,
Impersistent,
Not Naturalized

Annual,
Herb-forb
Helianthemum salicifolium (13912700900).jpg
Helianthemum salicifolium nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp

Family Malvaceae[edit]

The circumscription use here for the Malvaceae (mallow family) is based on that presented by Angiosperm Phylogeny Website.[1]

Subfamily Byttnerioideae[edit]

The Byttnerioideae (subfamily)...[2]

Tribe Hermannieae[edit]

Genus Melochia[edit]
Malvales – fam. Malvaceae – subfam. Byttnerioideae – tribe Hermannieae – genus Melochia
Melochia Melochia N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

Chocolate-weed Introduced,
Not Naturalized,
1986 checklist[3]
Melochia corchorifolia by kadavoor.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ITIS




Images, wsp
  1. "Angiosperm Phylogeny Website". http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/. Retrieved 31 July 2014. 
  2. Sterculiaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.
  3. R.S.Mitchell, ed. (1986). A checklist of New York State plants. Contributions of a Flora of New York State, Checklist III. New York State Bulletin No. 458. New York State Museum, Albany.

Subfamily Tilioideae[edit]

The Tilioideae (subfamily)...[1]

Tribe Tilieae[edit]

Genus Tilia[edit]
Malvales – fam. Tiliaceae – subfam. Tilioideae – tribe Tilieae – genus Tilia
Tilia Basswood N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.
var. americana

1753. Tilia americana L.
1800. Tilia glabra Vent. nom. superfl.
1834. Tilia neglecta Spach
1834. Tilia truncata Spach
1918. Tilia venulosa Sarg.
1939. Tilia palmeri F.C.Gates
1955. Tilia americana var. neglecta Fosberg
American basswood,
American linden,
White basswood,
Whitewood

Tilleul d'Amérique,
Bois blanc,
Tilleul glabre
Native,
Secure
TiliaAmericana(7479 (2574237069).jpg
Tilia americana var americana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 L.
var. heterophylla (Vent.) Loudon

1800. Tilia heterophylla Vent.
1838. T. americana var. heterophylla Loudon
1846. Tilia michauxii Nutt.
1902. Tilia eburnea Ashe
1918. Tilia lasioclada Sarg.
1918. Tilia monticola Sarg.
American basswood,
American linden,
White basswood,
Beetree

Tilleul d'Amérique,
Bois blanc,
Tilleul glabre
Native,
No recent reports,
Endangered
TiliaAmericana (7478 (2574235731).jpg
Tilia americana var heterophylla NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-NX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Note: [2], [3]
 Mill.

Littleeaf linden,
Little-leaved linden,
Small-leaved lime
Introduced
Tilia cordata - leaves.jpg
Tilia cordata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp

Subfamily Malvoideae[edit]

The Malvoideae (subfamily)...

Tribe Hibisceae[edit]

Genus Hibiscus[edit]
Malvales – fam. Malvaceae – subfam. Malvoideae – tribe Hibisceae – genus Hibiscus
Hibiscus Rosemallow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 3
 L.
ssp. moscheutos

1753. Hibiscus moscheutos L.
1753. Hibiscus palustris L.
1830. H. moscheutos var. purpurescens
Sweet
1949. H. moscheutos ssp. palustris
R.T.Clausen
Swamp rosemallow,
Crimsoneyed rosemallow,
Marsh mallow,
Sea hollyhock

Ketmie des marais
Native,
Likely secure
Mocsári hibiscus3.JPG
Hibiscus moscheutos ssp moscheutos NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can


NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 All.

1773. Hibiscus laevis All.
1788. Hibiscus militaris Cav.
1900. Hibiscus coccineus
var. virginicus Hochr.
Halberdleaf rosemallow,
Smooth rose-mallow,
Scarlet rose-mallow

Ketmie lisse
Native,
Extirpated
Hibiscus laevis - Halberdleaf Rosemallow.jpg
Hibiscus laevis nymap.svg
NYFA[1]
USDA-NN
Can
ARS 

BNA


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Hibiscus syriacus L.
1772. Ketmia syriaca (L.) Scop.
1787. Ketmia syrorum Medik. superfl.
1787. Hibiscus rhombifolius Cav.
1796. Hibiscus floridus Salisb. superfl.
1805. Hibiscus acerifolius Salisb. superfl.
Rose of Sharon,
Shrub-althea,
Shrubby rose-mallow

Hibiscus de Syrie
Introduced from
 Asia,
Potentially invasive
2007-07-09Hibiscus syriacus13.jpg
Hibiscus syriacus nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW 
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Hibiscus trionum L.
1838. H. collinsianus Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray
1915. Trionum trionum Wooton & Standl.
Flower-of-an-hour,
Venice mallow
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 Asia,
Invasive
Hibiscus trionum flower closeup.jpg
Hibiscus trionum nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS

NSE 


Images, wsp
  1. NYFA does not list Hibiscus laevis, but USDA-NRCS shows it as native to eastern US and Ontario, with NY inside the northeast edge of the US range. It references a report in the 1991 Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. A subsequent 2004 article in that Bulletin, The historical and extant vascular flora of Pelham Bay Park, Bronx County, New York 1947-1981 notes the 1991 discovery, but states that it was extirpaed the next year due to repeated mowing.
Genus Kosteletzkya[edit]
Malvales – fam. Malvaceae – subfam. Malvoideae – tribe Hibisceae – genus Kosteletzkya
KosteletzkyaC.Presl 1835 Kosteletzkya N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Ledeb.

1753. Hibiscus pentacarpos L.
1753. Hibiscus virginicus L.
1816. Pavonia pentacarpa (L.) Poir.
1842. Kosteletzkya pentacarpa (L.) Ledeb.
1849. K. virginica (L.) C.Presl ex A.Gray
1860. K. virginica var. althaeifolia Chapm.
1860. K. virginica var. smilacifolia Chapm.
1878. K. althaeifolia A.Gray ex S.Watson
1883. K. smilacifolia Chapm.
1941. K. virginica var. aquilonia Fernald
Saltmarsh mallow,
Seashore mallow,
Virginia saltmarsh mallow,
Virginia sea-shore mallow
Native, CoC: 10,
Extirpated

OBL

Perennial,
Shrub
Virginia saltmarsh mallow (Kosteletzkya virginica) (7513257570).jpg
Kosteletzkya pentacarpos nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0
NEW-0Can-0
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp

Tribe Malveae[edit]

The subtribal membership used here is based on previous uses of the tribe names, modified by the more recently published generic alliances and molecular phylogeny as presented in Tate et al. (2005).[1]

Subtribe Abutilinae[edit]
Genus Abutilon[edit]
Malvales – fam. Malvaceae – tribe Malveae – subtr. Abutilinae – genus Abutilon
Abutilon Indian-mallow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Medik.

1753. Sida abutilon L.
1787. Abutilon theophrasti Medik.
1791. A. avicennae Gaertn. superfl.
    
Velvetleaf,
Indian mallow,
Velvetleaf Indian mallow,
Butterprint,
Pie-marker
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 n. Africa,
Widespread weed,
IOWW

FACU-UPL

Annual,
Herb-forb
Abutilon th333.jpg
Abutilon theophrasti NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X
NEW 
ARS 




Images, wsp
Genus Sida[edit]
Malvales – fam. Malvaceae – tribe Malveae – subtr. Abutilinae – genus Sida
Sida Fanpetals N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

Prickly fanpetals,
Prickly mallow
Introduced
Sida alba MS 4302.JPG
Sida spinosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NX






Images, wsp
Genus Anoda[edit]
Malvales – fam. Malvaceae – tribe Malveae – subtr. Abutilinae – genus Anoda
Anoda Anoda N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Schltdl.

1753. Sida cristata L.
1837. Anoda cristata (L.) Schltdl.
Crested anoda,
Spurred anoda,
Violetta
Introduced,
No specimens
Anoda cristata 'Spurred Anoda' (Malvaceae) flower.JPG
Anoda cristata nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Subtribe Malvinae[edit]
Genus Malva[edit]
Malvales – fam. Malvaceae – tribe Malveae – subtr. Malvinae – genus Malva
Malva Mallow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 6
 L.

1753. Malva moschata L.
    
    
Musk mallow,
Musk cheeseweed,
Musk plant

Mauve musquée
Introduced from
 Eurasia

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Purpleflowers9.jpg
Malva moschata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 Wallr.

    Malva neglecta Wallr.
    
 auct. M. rotundifolianon L.
Common mallow Introduced
Malva neglecta01.jpg
Malva neglecta NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 L.

    Malva alcea L.
    
    
Vervain mallow Introduced
P1040196-Malva-alcea.JPG
Malva alcea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 L.

    Malva parviflora L.
    
    
Cheeseweed mallow Introduced
Malva parviflora small.jpg
Malva parviflora NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 L.

    Malva sylvestris L.
    
    
High mallow,
Cheeses
Introduced
Common Mallow (Malva sylvestris) - geograph.org.uk - 509459.jpg
Malva sylvestris NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 L.

    Malva verticillata L.
    M. crispa
    M. verticillata var. crispa
Curled cheeseweed Introduced
Malva verticillata 4.JPG
Malva verticillata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Genus Alcea[edit]
Malvales – fam. Malvaceae – tribe Malveae – subtr. Malvinae – genus Alcea
Alcea Hollyhock N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 L.

Alcea ficifoliaAlthaea rosea
Hollyhock Introduced,
Escape
Alcea rosea 1-OB9.jpg
Alcea rosea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Genus Althaea[edit]
Malvales – fam. Malvaceae – tribe Malveae – subtr. Malvinae – genus Althaea
Althaea Marshmallow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 2
 L.

1753. Althaea officinalis L.
1824. Althaea taurinensis DC.
1829. Malva officinalis
(L.) Schimp.& Spenn.
Common marsh-mallow,
White-mallow,
Wymote

Guimauve officinale,
Guimauve sauvage
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa

FACW-FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Althea officinalis flor.jpg
Althaea officinalis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
Trop.
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Althaea hirsuta L.
1794. Althaea hispida Moench
1862. Axolopha hirsuta (L.) Alef.
1994. Dinacrusa hirsuta (L.) G. Krebbs
Hairy marshmallow,
Rough marshmallow,
Hirsute mallow

Guimauve hérissée
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Althaea hirsuta 4-3.jpg
Althaea hirsuta NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
Genus Sidalcea[edit]
Malvales – fam. Malvaceae – tribe Malveae – subtr. Malvinae – genus Sidalcea
Sidalcea Checkerbloom N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 A.Gray

Checker-bloom,
Oregon checkerbloom
Introduced
Sidalcea oregana.jpg
Sidalcea oregana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Genus Callirhoe[edit]
Malvales – fam. Malvaceae – tribe Malveae – subtr. Malvinae – genus Callirhoe
Callirhoe Poppy mallow N.Y. Status Images Distribution 0
(Torr. & A.Gray) A.Gray

1827. Nuttallia involucrata Torr. inval.
1838. Malva involucrata Torr. & A.Gray
1849. Callirhoe involucrata A.Gray
Purple poppy mallow,
Winecup,
Low poppy mallow
Introduced,
N. America native,
No reports

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Callirhoe involucrata-600px.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-0
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp