Flora of New York/Cichorioideae

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Carduoideae
Flora of New York — Asterales : Asteraceae :
Cichorioideae : Cichorieae & Vernonieae

Senecioneae, Calenduleae, Gnaphalieae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Family Asteraceae (cont'd)[edit | edit source]

Subfamily Cichorioideae[edit | edit source]

Tribe Cichorieae[edit | edit source]

The members of the Cichorieae have white latex and most have flower heads with perfect 5-dentate, mostly-yellow, ligulate flowers.[1]
Subtribe Scorzonerinae[edit | edit source]
Tragopogon[edit | edit source]
Tragopogon pratensis

Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Scorzonerinae
Tragopogon Goat's beard, Salsify N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Tragopogon pratensis L.
1753. Tragopogon orientalis L.
1882. Tragopogon lamottei Rouy
[1]
Meadow salsify,
Meadow goat's-beard,
Jack-go-to-bed-at-noon
Salsifis des prés
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Közönséges bakszakáll.jpg
Tragopogon pratensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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Wikispecies
 L.

1753. Tragopogon porrifolius L.
Salsify,
Purple salsify,
Purple goat's-beard,
Vegetable oyster
Salsifis cultivé,
Salsifis blanc
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa
Tragopogon porrifolius. Barbón.jpg
Tragopogon porrifolius NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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Wikispecies
 Scop.

1772. Tragopogon dubius Scop.
1773. Tragopogon major Jacq.
1931. T. dubius ssp. campestris
1989. T. dubius var. major Voll.
Yellow salsify
Salsifis majeur
Introduced 20130601Tragopogon dubius.jpg
Tragopogon dubius NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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Wikispecies
Farw.

Tragopogon porrifolius ×
Tragopogon pratensis

1930. Tragopogon neohybridus Farw.
Goat's-beard,
Newhybrid salsify,
Hybrid of
 Meadow salsify &
 Purple salsify
Introduced Purple Salsify - Stierch.jpg
Tragopogon × neohybridus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
IPN

Images
Wikispecies
  1. NYFA finds T. lamottei to be a distinct species, not found in New York, while NRCS gives T. lamottei as the accepted name for T. pratensis. Other sources treat T. lamottei as a synonym of T. pratensis.
Subtribe Scolyminae[edit | edit source]
Scolymus[edit | edit source]
Scolymus hispanicus
golden thistle

Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Scolyminae — Scolymus
Scolymus Golden thistle N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Scolymus hispanicus L.
1799. Scolymus grandiflorus Desf.
Common goldenthistle,
Spanish oyster-plant,
Spanish salsify
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Impersistent,
Not naturalized
Scolymus hispanicus MG 8529.jpg
Scolymus hispanicus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0
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Wikispecies
Subtribe Lactucinae[edit | edit source]
Lactuca[edit | edit source]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Lactucinae — Lactuca
Lactuca Lettuce N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Lactuca canadensis L.
1803. Lactuca longifolia Michx.
1824. Lactuca sagittifolia Elliott
1891. L. canadensis var. latifolia
1898. L. canadensis var. montana
1920. L. canadensis var. obovata
1923. L. canadensis var. longifolia
Tall lettuce,
Canada lettuce,
Canada wild lettuce,
Tall wild lettuce,
Arrow-leaved lettuce,
Devil's weed
Laitue du Canada
Native, CoC: 1,
Secure

FACU

Annual, biennial,
Herb-forb
Tall-Wild-Lettuce.gif
Nymap.svg
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Wikispecies
 (Moench) Fernald

1794. Sonchus biennis Moench
1940. L. biennis (Moench) Fernald
    
Tall blue lettuce,
Blue wood lettuce,
Biennial lettuce
Native, CoC: 1,
Secure

FAC-FACU

Annual, biennial,
Herb-forb
Tall blue lettuce (24357914803).jpg
Nymap.svg
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Wikispecies
 B.L.Rob.

Lactuca biennis ×
Lactuca canadensis

Morss’s lettuce,
Wild lettuce
Native,
Unranked
Ny hybrid.svg
Lactuca × morssii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-U
USDA-N0
ARS-GRIN

Images
Wikispecies
 Muhl. ex Nutt.

Tall hairy lettuce,
Hairy lettuce,
Downy lettuce
Native, CoC: 5,
Endangered

Biennial
Lactuca hirsuta BB-1913.png
Lactuca hirsuta NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
ARS-GRIN
FNA

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Wikispecies
 (L.) Gaertn.

    
    
    
Woodland lettuce Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered
Lactuca floridana - Woodland Lettuce 2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN

Images
Wikispecies
 L.

    
    
    
Willow-leaved lettuce Introduced Lactuca saligna flor-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

Images
Wikispecies
 L. (1753)

    
    
    
Garden lettuce Introduced Lactuca sativa 003.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XW
ARS-GRIN
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FNA

Images
Wikispecies
 L.

1753. Lactuca virosa L. misappl.
1756. Lactuca serriola L.
1763. Lactuca scariola L. orth.var.
1773. Lactuca augustana All.
1926. Lactuca serriola var. integrata
Prickly lettuce,
China lettuce,
Wild lettuce
Introduced from
 Europe
Lactuca serriola 20140802 058.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos

Images
Wikispecies
(Pursh) DC.

1813. Sonchus pulchellus Pursh
1838. Lactuca pulchella (Pursh) DC.
1839. Mulgedium pulchellum (Pursh) G. Don
1841. Mulgedium pulchellum (Pursh) Nutt.
isonym
1939. Lactuca tatarica ssp. pulchella
1957. Lactuca tatarica var. pulchella
Showy blue lettuce,
Blue lettuce
Introduced Lactuca tatarica var pulchella BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN

Images
Wikispecies
Mycelis[edit | edit source]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Lactucinae — Mycelis
MycelisCass. Blue sow thistle N.Y. Status Images Distribution Refs.[1] NPT
 (L.) Dumort.

1753. Prenanthes muralis L.
1791. Lactuca muralis (L.) Gaertn.
1822. Cicerbita muralis (L.) Wallr.
1827. Mycelis muralis (L.) Dumort.
Wall lettuce Introduced Mycelis muralis by Danny S. - 001.jpg
Mycelis muralis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
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Wikispecies
Subtribe Hyoseridinae[edit | edit source]
Sonchus[edit | edit source]
Sonchus arvensis

Sonchus sow-thistle flower-head width fruiting involucre length duration roots peduncles (flower/fruit stalks) phyllaries (involucral bracts)
S. arvensis ssp. arvensis field sowthistle 3.0 - 5.0 cm >13 mm
14 - 17 mm
perennial creeping, deep-seated rhizome pubescent with yellow stipitate glands pubescent with yellow stipitate glands
S. arvensis ssp. uliginosus smooth sowthistle 3.0 - 5.0 cm >13 mm
10 - 15 mm
perennial creeping, deep-seated rhizome glabrous with sessile yellow glands glabrous with sessile yellow glands or tomentose
S. asper spiny-leaved sowthistle 1.5 - 2.5 cm ≤13 mm annual or biennial taproot
S. oleraceus common sow-thistle 1.5 - 2.5 cm ≤13 mm annual or biennial taproot
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Hyoseridinae
Sonchus Sow thistle N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
ssp. arvensis

1753. Sonchus arvensis L.
Field sow thistle
Field sow-thistle

Laiteron des champs
Introduced,
Potentially invasive
Sonchus arvensis.JPG
Nymap.svg
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USDA-XX
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Wikispecies
 L.
ssp. uliginosus (M. Bieb.) Nyman

Smooth sow thistle
Moist sowthistle
Introduced Sonchus arvensis20090912 302.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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Wikispecies
 (L.) Hill

    Sonchus nymanii Tineo & Guss.
Spiny-leaved sowthistle
Spiny sowthistle
Prickly sowthistle
Introduced S.asper-rbas-4.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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Images
Wikispecies
 L.

Common sowthistle Introduced 20131109Sonchus oleraceus.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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Images
Wikispecies
 L.

Slender sowthistle Introduced Sonchus tenerrimus 01.JPG
Sonchus tenerrimus NY-dist-map.png
Richmond (1908)
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
tenerrimus/ Go Botany

Images
Wikispecies
Subtribe Crepidinae[edit | edit source]
Subtribe Crepidinae
Crepidinae

Nabalus (8 native rattlesnake roots)

Ixeris stolonifera (creeping lettuce - not naturalized)

Taraxacum (3 introduced dandelions)

Crepis (6 introduced hawk's beards)

Lapsana communis (introduced nipplewort)


Nabalus[edit | edit source]
Nabalus serpentarius
Common names for Nabalus species include rattlesnake-root and white lettuce.
Names Principle phyllaries
(inner/longer involucral bracts)
Flower
count
Ray
color
Pappus
color
Nabalus rattlesnakeroot surface color count
N. altissimus tall rattlesnake root glabrous pale green (4)5(6) 5–6
N. trifoliolatus threeleaf rattlesnake root glabrous pale green (7)8–14 (8)9–18(20) green-yellow to
yellow-white
light brown to
pale yellow-brown
N. albus white rattlesnake root glabrous pale purple-green (7)8–14 (8)9–18(20) white-pink-lavender deep red-brown
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Hypochaeridinae — Nabalus
Nabalus Rattlesnakeroot N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Hook.

1753. Prenanthes altissima L.
1833. Nabalus altissimus (L.) Hook.
1900. Prenanthes altissima var. hispidula
1908. Prenanthes altissima var. cinnamomea
Tall rattlesnake root,
Tall rattlesnake-root,
Tall white-lettuce
Prenanthe élevée
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure,
S5, G5?

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Nabalus altissimus ON-001 (cropped).jpg
Prenanthes altissima NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
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 Cass.

1825. Nabalus trifoliolatus Cass.
1838. Nabalus nanus (Bigelow) DC.
1839. Prenanthes nana Torr. ex DC.
1900. Prenanthes trifoliolata (Cass.) Fernald
1901. Prenanthes trifoliolata var. nana
Three-leaved rattlesnake root,
Threeleaf rattlesnake-root,
Gall of the earth
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure,
S5, G5

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Three-leaved Rattlesnakeroot (Nabalus trifoliolatus) - Bay Roberts, Newfoundland 2019-08-12 (01).jpg
Prenanthes trifoliolata NY-dist-map.png
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 (L.) Hook.

1753. Prenanthes alba L.
1833. Nabalus albus (L.) Hook.
White rattlesnakeroot,
White rattlesnake-root
Prenanthe blanche
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure,
S5

FACU

Biennial,
Herb-forb
Nabalus albus (20749617712).jpg
Prenanthes alba NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
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Wikispecies
 (Pursh) Hook.

1813. Prenanthes serpentaria Pursh
    Nabalus integrifolius Cass.
1833. Nabalus serpentarius (Pursh) Hook.
    Nabalus fraseri DC.
    P. integrifolia (Cass.) Small
Lion's-foot rattlesnakeroot,
Cankerweed,
Gall-of-the-earth,
Butterweed
Native, CoC: 10,
Unranked,
SNR
Nabalus serpentarius - Lions Foot.jpg
Prenanthes serpentaria NY-dist-map.png
Albany, Bronx, Chemung, Kings, Nassau, Otsego, Queens, Richmond, Suffolk, Ulster, Westchester
NYFA-3-4
USDA-N0
iNaturalist
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA

Images
Wikispecies
DC.

1838. Nabalus boottii DC.
1847. Prenanthes boottii (DC.) D. Dietr.
Alpine rattlesnakeroot,
Boott's rattlesnake-root
Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered,
S1, G2

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Nabalus boottii iNat-9211840 (cropped).jpg
Nabalus boottii NY-dist-map.png
Essex (1862-1998)
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
iNaturalist
ARS-GRIN

Images
Wikispecies
(Michx.) DC.

    Prenanthes crepidinea Michx.
    Nabalus crepidineus (Michx.) DC.
Nodding rattlesnakeroot,
Nodding rattlesnake-root
Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered,
No recent reports,
SH, G3-4

FAC-FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Nabalus crepidineus.jpg
Nabalus crepidineus NY-dist-map.png
Cattaraugus, Erie (1844)
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0
iNaturalist

Images
Wikispecies
 Michx.
ssp. racemosa

    Nabalus racemosus
Glaucous rattlesnake-root,
Purple rattlesnakeroot,
Purple rattlesnake-root
Native, CoC: 10,
Extirpated,
SX

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Prenanthes racemosa (24634555424).jpg
Prenanthes racemosa ssp racemosa NY-dist-map.png
Kings (1891), Nassau (1909), Queens (1882), Rockland, Westchester (1896)
NYFA-X
USDA-NN
iNaturalist
ITIS

Images
Wikispecies
(A. Gray) A. Heller

Nabalus racemosus ×
Nabalus trifoliolatus

Maine rattlesnake root Native,
No recent reports,
SNA, GNA

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Prenanthes racemosa racemosa BB-1913.png
Prenanthes × mainensis NY-dist-map.png
Nassau (1909)
NYFA-Z
USDA-

Images
Wikispecies
Ixeris[edit | edit source]
Ixeris stolonifera
Creeping lettuce (Ixeris stolonifera) appears to have been collected from a Long Island garden in 1985 and has also been found in New Jersey, southeastern Pennsylvania, and Delaware but is not assumed to naturalize in New York State.
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Crepidinae — Ixeris
Ixeris Ixeris N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 A.Gray

    Ixeris stolonifera (A. Gray
    Lactuca stolonifera (A. Gray) Benth. ex Maxim.
Creeping lettuce Introduced from
 east Asia,
Impersistent,
Not naturalized
Ixeris stolonifera Japan (cropped).jpg
Nymap.svg
Nassau (1985)
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

Images
Wikispecies
Taraxacum[edit | edit source]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Crepidinae — Taraxacum
Taraxacum Dandelion N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 F.H.Wigg.

    Leontodon taraxacum L.
    T. officinale var. palustre Blytt
    T. sylvanicum R.Doll
    T. officinale F.H.Wigg.
Common dandelion,
Dandelion
Pissenlit officinal
Introduced,
Widespread weed
Starr 070208-4378 Taraxacum officinale.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-MM
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Wikispecies
Andrz. ex Besser

    Leontodon erythrospermum
(Andrz. ex Besser) Britton
    T. disseminatum G.E.Haglund
    T. erythrospermum
Andrz. ex Besser
    T. lacistophyllum (Dahlst.) Raunk.
    T. scanicum Dahlst.
    T. laevigatum (Willd.) DC.
Red-seeded dandelion,
Smooth dandelion,
Lesser dandelion,
Rock dandelion
Pissenlit à graines rouges,
Pissenlit à fruits rouges
Introduced Taraxacum erythrospermum Vilanum DehesaBoyaldePuertollano.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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(Lyons) Symons

    T. cognatum
    T. palustre (Lyons) Symons
    Leontodon palustris
    T. turfosum (Sch.Bip.) Soest
Marsh dandelion
Pissenlit palustre,
Pissenlit des marais
Introduced Taraxacum palustre, Flora Danica 1708.png
Taraxacum palustre NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
VASCAN
ITIS

Images
Wikispecies
Taraxacum (excluded) Dandelion N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Ledeb.) DC

1829. Leontodon ceratophorus Ledeb.
1838. T. ceratophorum (Ledeb.) DC
1901. T. lacerum Greene
1914. T. officinale ssp. ceratophorum
Horned dandelion,
Northern dandelion,
Woolbearing dandelion
Pissenlit tuberculé,
Pissenlit corniculé
N. America native
 western N. A.,
N.Y. excluded
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
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Images
Wikispecies
Dahlst.

    
    
    
Showy dandelion

Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0

Images
Wikispecies
Crepis[edit | edit source]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Crepidinae — Crepis
Crepis Hawksbeard N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Wallr.

1763. Crepis virens L.
1840. Crepis capillaris (L.) Wallr.
1860. Malacothrix crepoides A.Gray
1874. Crepis cooperi A.Gray (i)
Smooth hawksbeard,
Smooth hawk's-beard,
Green crepis
Crépis capillaire,
Crépis à tige capillaire,
Crépis verdâtre,
Crépide à tige capillaire,
Crépide capillaire,
Crépide verdâtre
Introduced from
 Europe

UPL

Biennial,
Herb-forb
Crepis capillaris achene pappus, Klein streepzaad zaden (1).jpg
Crepis capillaris NY-dist-map.png
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 L.

1753. Crepis biennis L.
1838. Limonoseris biennis
(L.) Peterm.
    
Rough hawksbeard,
Rough hawk's-beard
Crépis bisannuel,
Crépis des prés,
Crépide bisannuelle,
Crépide des prés
Introduced from
 Europe

Biennial,
Herb-forb
20130615Pippau Hockenheim2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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Wikispecies
 Haller f.

1797. Crepis setosa Haller f.
    
    
Bristly hawksbeard,
Bristly hawk's-beard
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Crepis setosa inflorescence (05).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
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BONAP

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Wikispecies
 L.

1753. Crepis tectorum L.
    
    
Narrowleaf hawksbeard,
Narrow-leaved hawk's-beard
Crépis des troits
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Crepis tectorum inflorescence (05).jpg
Crepis tectorum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XW
ARS-GRIN

Images
Wikispecies
 L.
ssp. taraxacifolia

    
    
    
Beaked hawksbeard,
Beaked hawk's-beard
Introduced,
Impersistent
Crepis taraxacifolia.jpg
Nymap.svg

USDA-XX

Images
Wikispecies
Lapsana[edit | edit source]
Lapsana communis
common nipplewort

Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Crepidinae — Lapsana
Lapsana Nipplewort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Lapsana communis L.
Nipplewort
Common nipplewort
Ballogan
Succory-dock
Dock-cress
Succory dock-cress

Lapsane commune
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Naturalized

FACU

Annual,
Herb-forb
Lapsana communis 003.JPG
Lapsana communis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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ARS-GRIN
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Wikispecies
Subtribe Chondrillinae[edit | edit source]
Chondrilla[edit | edit source]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Chondrillinae — Chondrilla
Chondrilla Chondrilla N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

    
    
    
Rush skeletonweed Introduced,
Noxious weed US west
20140803Chondrilla juncea1.jpg
Chondrilla juncea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

Images
Wikispecies
Subtribe Hypochaeridinae[edit | edit source]
Subtribe Hypochaeridinae
Hypochaeris[edit | edit source]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Hypochaeridinae — Hypochaeris
Hypochaeris Cat's ear N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Spotted cat's ear,
Hairy cat's ear
Introduced Gemeines Ferkelkraut Blüte.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Go Botany

Images
Wikispecies
 L.

Smooth cat's ear Introduced,
No specimens
HypochaerisGlabra.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
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Wikispecies
Helminthotheca[edit | edit source]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Hypochaeridinae — Helminthotheca
Helminthotheca Ox-tongue N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Holub

Picris echioides L.
Bristly oxtongue Introduced Bitterkraut Natter 8.JPG
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Picris[edit | edit source]
Hawkweed oxtongue is becoming increasingly common along roadsides in the Northeast, and it is considered to be a noxious weed in Washington State.
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Hypochaeridinae — Picris
Picris Ox-tongue N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Picris hieracioides L.
1762. Hedypnois hieracioides (L.) Huds.
1781. Picris aspera Gilib.
1789. Leontodon umbellatus Schrank
1803. Apargia hieracioides (L.) Willd.
1918. Apargia umbellata (Schrank) Schrank
1967. P. hieracioides var. kamtschatica
1968. P. hieracioides ssp. kamtschatica
1982. P. hieracioides ssp. tsekouensis
2007. P. hieracioides var. alpina
Hawkweed oxtongue
Picride fausse-épervière,
Picride épervière,
Picris fausse-épervière
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive
20131019Picris hieracioides5.jpg
Picris hieracioides NY-dist-map.png
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Scorzoneroides[edit | edit source]
Scorzoneroides autumnalis

Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Hypochaeridinae — Scorzoneroides
Scorzoneroides Hawkbit N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Moench

1753. Leontodon autumnalis L.
    Apargia autumnalis (L.) Hoffm.
1794. Scorzoneroides autumnalis (L.) Moench
Autumn hawkbit,
Fall hawkbit,
Fall dandelion
Introduced 4809-Leontodon-autumnalis-20110711.jpg
Leontodon autumnalis NY-dist-map.png
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Leontodon[edit | edit source]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Hypochaeridinae — Leontodon
Leontodon Hawkbit N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L. (1753)
ssp. hispidus

Common hawkbit,
Bristly hawkbit,
Rough hawkbit
Introduced Leontodon hispidus PID1776-3.jpg
Nymap.svg
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 Lam.
ssp. saxatilis

1779. Leontodon saxatilis Lam.
1831. L. taraxacoides (Vill.) Willd. ex Mérat
Lesser hawkbit Introduced Leontodon saxatilis plant3 (14632817345).jpg
Nymap.svg
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Leontodon (excluded taxa) Hawkbit N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L. (1753)
ssp. danubialis (Jacq.) Simonkai

    L. danubialis Jacq.
    L. hispidus var. glabratus
    L. hastilis L.
    L. hastilis var. glabratus
Common hawkbit,
Bristly hawkbit
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
Leontodon hispidus W.jpg
Excluded nymap.svg
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Subtribe Hieraciinae[edit | edit source]
The Hieraciinae contains the hawkweeds. Some sources include them all in genus Hieracium, while others split them into two genera, as is done here.
Hieracium[edit | edit source]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Hieraciinae — Hieracium
Hieracium Hawkweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

1803. Hieracium scabrum Michx.
    
    
Sticky hawkweed,
Rough hawkweed
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure
Hieracium scabrum - Rough Hawkweed.jpg
Hieracium scabrum NY-dist-map.png
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 L.

1753. Hieracium paniculatum L.
    
    
Panicled hawkweed,
Allegheny hawkweed
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure
Hieracium paniculatum - Allegheny hawkweed.jpg
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1753. Hieracium venosum L.
1918. H. venosum var. nudicaule
    
Rattlesnake hawkweed,
Veiny hawkweed,
Poor-Robin's-plantain
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure
Hieracium venosum - Rattlesnake weed 2.jpg
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L.

1753. Hieracium umbellatum L.
1753. Hieracium kalmii L.
1803. H. canadense Michx.
1824. H. scabriusculum Schwein.
1901. H. columbianum Rydb.
1993. H. kalmii var. canadense
Canada hawkweed,
Canadian hawkweed,
Kalm's hawkweed,
Narrowleaf hawkweed
Èpervière en ombelle,
Èpervière de Kalm
Native, CoC: 5,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Hieracium umbellatum 002.JPG
Hieracium umbellatum NY-dist-map.png
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Hairy hawkweed,
Queen-devil,
Gronovius' hawkweed,
Beaked hawkweed
Native, CoC: 7,
Likely secure

FACU-UPL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Hieracium-gronovii03.jpg
Hieracium gronovii NY-dist-map.png
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 Willd.

Hieracium gronovii ×
Hieracium venosum

    Hieracium marianum Willd.
    Hieracium × marianum Willd.
    H. pennsylvanicum Fr.
Maryland hawkweed Native,
Threatened
Hieracium marianum - Maryland hawkweed.jpg
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Common hawkweed Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 Canada,
N. America native
Hieracium lachenalii a2.jpg
Hieracium lachenalii NY-dist-map.png
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    H. hyparcticum (Almquist) Elfstr.
    
    
Wall hawkweed Introduced Hieracium murorum 2006.05.14 13.27.21-p5140150.jpg
Hieracium murorum NY-dist-map.png
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New England hawkweed Introduced Hieracium sabaudum flower head.jpg
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Pilosella[edit | edit source]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Hieraciinae — Pilosella
Pilosella Hawkweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) F.W.Schultz & Sch. Bip.

1753. Hieracium aurantiacum L.
1862. Pilosella aurantiaca
(L.) F.W.Schultz & Sch.Bip.
Orange hawkweed,
Devil's-paintbrush,
King devil,
Orange-red king devil,
Fox and cubs
Épervière orangée,
Bouquets rouges,
Marguerite rouge
Introduced from
 Europe,
Potentially invasive

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Orange Hawkweed (Pilosella aurantiaca) (4692981851).jpg
Pilosella aurantiaca NY-dist-map.png
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1827. Hieracium caespitosum Dumort.
1828. Hieracium pratense Tausch
1967. P. caespitosa P.D.Sell & C.West
Yellow Hawkweed,
Yellow king-devil,
Yellow fox-and-cubs,
Meadow hawkweed
Èpervière des prés,
Èpervière des prairies
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive
Yellow hawkweed (hieracium pratense).JPG
Pilosella caespitosa NY-dist-map.png
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(Vill.) Soják

1779. Hieracium piloselloides Vill.
1785. Hieracium florentinum All.
1971. P. piloselloides (Vill.) Soják
Glaucous-leaved hawkweed,
Tall hawkweed,
Kingdevil,
Smoothish hawkweed
Èpervière des Florentins
Introduced,
Naturalized
20170526Pilosella piloselloides3.jpg
Nymap.svg
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    Hieracium pilosella L
    
    
Mouse-ear hawkweed Introduced Hieracium pilosella L. (8067205419).jpg
Pilosella officinarum NY-dist-map.png
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    Hieracium flagellare Willd.
    P. flagellaris (Willd.) Arv.-Touv.
    H. macrostolonum Gus. Schneid.
    P. macrostolona Soják
    H. flagellare var. pilosius
Whiplash hawkweed,
Whip hawkweed
Introduced,
Naturalized
Pilosella flagellaris NY-dist-map.png
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Lettuce hawkweed,
European hawkweed
Introduced,
Unk. naturalization

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Nymap.svg
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Pilosella aurantiaca ×
Pilosella caespitosa

1885. H. fuscoatrum Nägeli & Peter
1971. P. fuscoatra
(Nägeli & Peter) Soják
    
Hybrid hawkweed,
Hybrid of
 orange hawkweed &
 yellow hawkweed
Introduced Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
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(Wimm. & Grab.) Fr.

Pilosella caespitosa ×
Pilosella lactucella

    Hieracium × floribundum
    Hieracium × dorei
    Hieracium auricula
King-devil hawkweed,
Meadow hawkweed,
Yellow hawkweed,
Yellow devil hawkweed,
Smoothish hawkweed
Épervière à
  fleurs nombreuses
Introduced Ny hybrid.svg
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(Vill.) Arv.-Touv.

Pilosella officinarum ×
Pilosella piloselloides

    Hieracium × brachiatum
Bertol. ex DC.
    Pilosella × brachiata
(DC.) F. W. Schultz & Sch. Bip.
    Pilosella × acutifolia
(Vill.) Arv.-Touv.
Sharp-leaved hawkweed

Introduced,
Unk. naturalization
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
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Pilosella (excluded taxa) Hawkweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

Hawkweed Introduced
Excluded nymap.svg


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Hawkweed Introduced
Excluded nymap.svg


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Wikispecies
Subtribe Microseridinae[edit | edit source]
Krigia[edit | edit source]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Microseridinae — Krigia
Krigia Dwarf dandelion N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Walter) S.F.Blake

Twoflower dwarfdandelion,
Two-flowered dwarf dandelion
Native,
Likely secure
Krigia biflora.jpg
Krigia biflora NY-dist-map.png
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 (L.) Willd.

Virginia dwarf-dandelion Native,
Likely secure
Krigia virginica - Virginia Dwarf Dandelion.jpg
Krigia virginica NY-dist-map.png
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(Raf.) K.L.Chambers
var. cespitosa

Common dwarf-dandelion,
Weedy dwarf-dandelion
Introduced,
US South native,
No specimens
Krigia cespitosa NRCS-001.jpg
Nymap.svg
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Stephanomeria[edit | edit source]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Microseridinae — Stephanomeria
Stephanomeria Wire lettuce N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Nutt.
ssp. exigua

Small wirelettuce Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent
Stephanomeria exigua ssp exigua 10.jpg
Nymap.svg
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Nothocalais[edit | edit source]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Microseridinae — Nothocalais
Nothocalais False agoseris N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Pursh) Greene

1814. Troximon cuspidatum Pursh
1840. Agoseris cuspidata
(Pursh) Raf.
1866. Microseris cuspidata
(Pursh) Sch. Bip.
1886. N. cuspidata (Pursh) Greene
Prairie false dandelion,
Sharppoint prairie-dandelion,
Wavy-leaf prairie-dandelion,
Toothed microseris
Microséris cuspidé
N. America native
 Great Plains,
N.Y. excluded
Nothocalais cuspidata (3287812722).jpg
Nymap.svg
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Malacothrix[edit | edit source]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Microseridinae — Malacothrix
Malacothrix Desert-dandelion N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray

    
Sowthistle desertdandelion N. America native
 western N. America,
N.Y. excluded
Malacothrix sonchoides.jpg
Nymap.svg
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Subtribe Cichoriinae[edit | edit source]
Cichorium[edit | edit source]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Cichoriinae — Cichorium
Cichorium Chicory N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Cichorium intybus L.
Chicory,
Succory,
Blue sailors,
French endive
Chicorée sauvage,
Chicorée amère,
Chicorée
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 Tunisia,
Potentially invasive

FACU

Biennial,
Herb-forb
Cichorium intybus Slovakia.jpg
Cichorium intybus NY-dist-map.png
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Arnoseris[edit | edit source]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Cichoriinae — Arnoseris
Arnoseris Arnoseris N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Schweigg. & Körte

1753. Hyoseris minima L
1811. Arnoseris minima
(L.) Schweigg. & Körte
Lamb's succory,
Lamb's lettuce,
Swine's succory
Porcelle des moutons,
Chicorée de mouton,
Arnoséris minime,
Arnoséris naine
Introduced,
Impersistent,
No specimens
Arnoseris minima kz3.jpg
Arnoseris minima NY-dist-map.png
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Tribe Vernonieae[edit | edit source]

Subtribe Vernoniineae[edit | edit source]
Vernonia[edit | edit source]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Vernonieae — Vernoniineae — Vernonia
Vernonia Ironweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Michx.

1753. Serratula noveboracensis L.
1762. Behen noveboracensis (L.) Hill
1803. V. noveboracensis (L.) Michx.
1891. Cacalia noveboracensis (L.) Kuntze
1906. V. harperi Gleason
New York ironweed Native, CoC: 3,
Likely secure

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
2014-08-27 16 09 02 New York Ironweed blossoms along the Meadow-Pond Trail in the Stony Brook-Millstone Watershed Association, New Jersey.jpg
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(Walter) Trel. ex Branner & Coville
ssp. gigantea

1788. Chrysocoma gigantea Walter
1818. Vernonia altissima Nutt.
1891. Vernonia gigantea (Walter) Trel.
1891. Cacalia gigantea (Walter) Kuntze
Tall ironweed,
Giant ironweed
Vernonie géante
Native, CoC: 0,
Endangered

FAC-FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Vernomia altissima (Compositae) plant.JPG
Nymap.svg
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 DC.

Arkansas ironweed Introduced,
N. America native

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Zaadhoofdjes Vernonia crinita 'Mammuth'. Locatie. Tuinreservaat Jonkervallei.jpg
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 Michx.

1803. Vernonia fasciculata Michx.
1907. V. fasciculata var. corymbosa
1972. V. fasciculata ssp. corymbosa
Smooth ironweed,
Fascicled ironweed,
Prairie ironweed
Vernonie fasciculée
Introduced from
 Midwest,
N. America native

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Vernonia fasciculata.jpg
Nymap.svg
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 (L.) Willd.

1753. Serratula glauca L.
1803. Vernonia glauca (L.) Willd.
1884. V. noveboracensis var. tomentosa
    
Broadleaf ironweed Introduced from
 PA south,
N. America native,
No NY reports

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Nymap.svg
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 Raf.

    Vernonia missurica Raf.
Missouri ironweed Introduced from
 south-central US,
 midwestern US,
N. America native,
No NY reports,
naturalized in MA

FAC-FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Vernonia missurica 9716318.jpg
Nymap.svg
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Carduoideae
Flora of New York — Asterales : Asteraceae :
Cichorioideae : Cichorieae & Vernonieae

Senecioneae, Calenduleae, Gnaphalieae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index