Flora of New York/Cichorioideae

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Carduoideae
Flora of New York — Asterales : Asteraceae :
Cichorioideae : Cichorieae & Vernonieae

Senecioneae, Calenduleae, Gnaphalieae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Family Asteraceae (cont'd)[edit]

Subfamily Cichorioideae[edit]

Tribe Cichorieae[edit]

The members of the Cichorieae have white latex and most have flower heads with perfect 5-dentate, mostly-yellow, ligulate flowers.[1]
Subtribe Scorzonerinae[edit]
Tragopogon[edit]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Scorzonerinae
Tragopogon Goat's beard, Salsify N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

1753. Tragopogon pratensis L.
1753. Tragopogon orientalis L.
1882. Tragopogon lamottei Rouy
[1]
Meadow salsify,
Meadow goat's-beard,
Jack-go-to-bed-at-noon
Salsifis des prés
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Tragopogon pratensis bloem2.jpg
Tragopogon pratensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Tragopogon porrifolius L.
Salsify,
Purple salsify,
Purple goat's-beard,
Vegetable oyster
Salsifis cultivé,
Salsifis blanc
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa
Tragopogon porrifolius 4.jpg
Tragopogon porrifolius NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 Scop.

1772. Tragopogon dubius Scop.
1773. Tragopogon major Jacq.
1931. T. dubius ssp. campestris
1989. T. dubius var. major Voll.
Yellow salsify
Salsifis majeur
Introduced Tragopogon dubius (5090769401).jpg
Tragopogon dubius NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
Farw.

Tragopogon porrifolius ×
Tragopogon pratensis

1930. Tragopogon neohybridus Farw.
Goat's-beard,
Newhybrid salsify,
Hybrid of
 Meadow salsify &
 Purple salsify
Introduced Purple Salsify - Stierch.jpg
Tragopogon × neohybridus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0




IPN 

Images, wsp
  1. NYFA finds T. lamottei to be a distinct species, not found in New York, while NRCS gives T. lamottei as the accepted name for T. pratensis. Other sources treat T. lamottei as a synonym of T. pratensis.
Subtribe Scolyminae[edit]
Scolymus[edit]
Scolymus hispanicus
golden thistle

Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Scolyminae — Scolymus
Scolymus Golden thistle N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

1753. Scolymus hispanicus L.
1799. Scolymus grandiflorus Desf.
Common goldenthistle,
Spanish oyster-plant,
Spanish salsify
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Impersistent,
Not naturalized
Scolymus hispanicus MG 8529.jpg
Scolymus hispanicus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Xm
USDA-X0
NEW-0
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.



Images, wsp
Subtribe Lactucinae[edit]
Lactuca[edit]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Lactucinae — Lactuca
Lactuca Lettuce N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

1753. Lactuca canadensis L.
1803. Lactuca longifolia Michx.
1824. Lactuca sagittifolia Elliott
1891. L. canadensis var. latifolia
1898. L. canadensis var. montana
1920. L. canadensis var. obovata
1923. L. canadensis var. longifolia
Tall lettuce,
Canada lettuce,
Canada wild lettuce,
Tall wild lettuce,
Arrow-leaved lettuce,
Devil's weed
Laitue du Canada
Native, C:1,
Secure

FACU

Annual, biennial,
Herb-forb
Tall-Wild-Lettuce.gif
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 (Moench) Fernald

1794. Sonchus biennis Moench
1940. L. biennis (Moench) Fernald
    
Tall blue lettuce,
Blue wood lettuce,
Biennial lettuce
Native, C:1,
Secure

FAC-FACU

Annual, biennial,
Herb-forb
Tall blue lettuce (24357914803).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS 
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 B.L.Rob.

Lactuca biennis ×
Lactuca canadensis

Morss’s lettuce,
Wild lettuce
Native,
Unranked
Ny hybrid.svg
Lactuca × morssii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-U
USDA-N0

ARS 




Images, wsp
 Muhl. ex Nutt.

Tall hairy lettuce,
Hairy lettuce,
Downy lettuce
Native, C:5,
Endangered

Biennial
Lactuca hirsuta BB-1913.png
Lactuca hirsuta NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN

ARS 
FNA 



Images, wsp
 (L.) Gaertn.

    
    
    
Woodland lettuce Native, C:10,
Endangered
Lactuca floridana - Woodland Lettuce 2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 L.

    
    
    
Willow-leaved lettuce Introduced Lactuca saligna flor-1.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
 L. (1753)

    
    
    
Garden lettuce Introduced Lactuca sativa 003.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XW

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Lactuca virosa L. misappl.
1756. Lactuca serriola L.
1763. Lactuca scariola L. orth.var.
1773. Lactuca augustana All.
1926. Lactuca serriola var. integrata
Prickly lettuce,
China lettuce,
Wild lettuce
Introduced from
 Europe
Sonchus oleraceus20140802 058.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 
Trop.



Images, wsp
(Pursh) DC.

1813. Sonchus pulchellus Pursh
1838. Lactuca pulchella (Pursh) DC.
1839. Mulgedium pulchellum (Pursh) G. Don
1841. Mulgedium pulchellum (Pursh) Nutt.
isonym
1939. Lactuca tatarica ssp. pulchella
1957. Lactuca tatarica var. pulchella
Showy blue lettuce,
Blue lettuce
Introduced Lactuca tatarica var pulchella BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
Mycelis[edit]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Lactucinae — Mycelis
MycelisCass. Blue sow thistle N.Y. Status Images Distribution Refs.[1] NE
 (L.) Dumort.

1753. Prenanthes muralis L.
1791. Lactuca muralis (L.) Gaertn.
1822. Cicerbita muralis (L.) Wallr.
1827. Mycelis muralis (L.) Dumort.
Wall lettuce Introduced Mycelis muralis by Danny S. - 001.jpg
Mycelis muralis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Subtribe Hyoseridinae[edit]
Sonchus[edit]
Sonchus arvensis
field sowthistle

Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Hyoseridinae
Sonchus Sow thistle N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.
ssp. arvensis

Field sowthistle Introduced,
Potentially invasive
Sonchus arvensis.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 





Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. uliginosus (M. Bieb.) Nyman

Moist sowthistle Introduced Sonchus arvensis20090912 302.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 





Images, wsp
 (L.) Hill

    Sonchus nymanii Tineo & Guss.
Spiny sowthistle,
Spiny-leaved sowthistle
Introduced S.asper-rbas-4.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 





Images, wsp
 L.

Common sowthistle Introduced 20131109Sonchus oleraceus.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 





Images, wsp
 L.

Slender sowthistle Introduced Sonchus tenerrimus 01.JPG
Sonchus tenerrimus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
tenerrimus/ NEW 





Images, wsp
Subtribe Crepidinae[edit]
Ixeris[edit]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Crepidinae — Ixeris
Ixeris Ixeris N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 A.Gray

    
    
    
Creeping lettuce Introduced,
Impersistent,
Not naturalized
Ixeris stolonifera. イワニガナ,岩苦菜 (6977833364).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
Taraxacum[edit]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Crepidinae — Taraxacum
Taraxacum Dandelion N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 F.H.Wigg.

    Leontodon taraxacum L.
    T. officinale var. palustre Blytt
    T. sylvanicum R.Doll
    T. officinale F.H.Wigg.
Common dandelion,
Dandelion
Pissenlit officinal
Introduced,
Widespread weed
Starr 070208-4378 Taraxacum officinale.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-MM
NEW Can





Images, wsp
Andrz. ex Besser

    Leontodon erythrospermum
(Andrz. ex Besser) Britton
    T. disseminatum G.E.Haglund
    T. erythrospermum
Andrz. ex Besser
    T. lacistophyllum (Dahlst.) Raunk.
    T. scanicum Dahlst.
    T. laevigatum (Willd.) DC.
Red-seeded dandelion,
Smooth dandelion,
Lesser dandelion,
Rock dandelion
Pissenlit à graines rouges,
Pissenlit à fruits rouges
Introduced Taraxacum erythrospermum Vilanum DehesaBoyaldePuertollano.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ITIS




Images, wsp
(Lyons) Symons

    T. cognatum
    T. palustre (Lyons) Symons
    Leontodon palustris
    T. turfosum (Sch.Bip.) Soest
Marsh dandelion
Pissenlit palustre,
Pissenlit des marais
Introduced Taraxacum palustre, Flora Danica 1708.png
Taraxacum palustre NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
Can
ITIS




Images, wsp
Taraxacum (excluded) Dandelion N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(Ledeb.) DC

1829. Leontodon ceratophorus Ledeb.
1838. T. ceratophorum (Ledeb.) DC
1901. T. lacerum Greene
1914. T. officinale ssp. ceratophorum
Horned dandelion,
Northern dandelion,
Woolbearing dandelion
Pissenlit tuberculé,
Pissenlit corniculé
N. America native
 western N. A.,
N.Y. excluded
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN
Can
ARS ITIS




Images, wsp
Dahlst.

    
    
    
Showy dandelion

Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
Crepis[edit]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Crepidinae — Crepis
Crepis Hawksbeard N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 (L.) Wallr.

1763. Crepis virens L.
1840. Crepis capillaris (L.) Wallr.
1860. Malacothrix crepoides A.Gray
1874. Crepis cooperi A.Gray (i)
Smooth hawksbeard,
Smooth hawk's-beard,
Green crepis
Crépis capillaire,
Crépis à tige capillaire,
Crépis verdâtre,
Crépide à tige capillaire,
Crépide capillaire,
Crépide verdâtre
Introduced from
 Europe

UPL

Biennial,
Herb-forb
Crepis capillaris achene pappus, Klein streepzaad zaden (1).jpg
Crepis capillaris NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Crepis biennis L.
1838. Limonoseris biennis
(L.) Peterm.
    
Rough hawksbeard,
Rough hawk's-beard
Crépis bisannuel,
Crépis des prés,
Crépide bisannuelle,
Crépide des prés
Introduced from
 Europe

Biennial,
Herb-forb
20130615Pippau Hockenheim2.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 Haller f.

1797. Crepis setosa Haller f.
    
    
Bristly hawksbeard,
Bristly hawk's-beard
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Crepis setosa inflorescence (05).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0
NEW 
ARS 

BNA


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Crepis tectorum L.
    
    
Narrowleaf hawksbeard,
Narrow-leaved hawk's-beard
Crépis des troits
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Crepis tectorum inflorescence (05).jpg
Crepis tectorum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XW

ARS 




Images, wsp
 L.
ssp. taraxacifolia

    
    
    
Beaked hawksbeard,
Beaked hawk's-beard
Introduced,
Impersistent
Crepis taraxacifolia.jpg
Nymap.svg

USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Lapsana[edit]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Crepidinae — Lapsana
Lapsana Nipplewort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

Nipplewort,
Common nipplewort
Introduced,
Naturalized

FACU

Annual,
Herb-forb
Lapsana communis 003.JPG
Lapsana communis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 





Images, wsp
Subtribe Chondrillinae[edit]
Chondrilla[edit]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Chondrillinae — Chondrilla
Chondrilla Chondrilla N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

    
    
    
Rush skeletonweed Introduced,
Noxious weed US west
20140803Chondrilla juncea1.jpg
Chondrilla juncea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX






Images, wsp
Subtribe Hypochaeridinae[edit]
Nabalus[edit]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Hypochaeridinae — Nabalus
Nabalus Rattlesnakeroot N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 (L.) Hook.

1753. Prenanthes altissima L.
1833. Nabalus altissimus (L.) Hook.
1900. Prenanthes altissima
var. hispidula Fernald
1908. Prenanthes altissima
var. cinnamomea Fernald
Tall rattlesnakeroot,
Tall rattlesnake-root,
Tall white-lettuce
Prenanthe élevée
Native,
Secure
Prenanthes altissima BB-1913.png
Prenanthes altissima NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
 Cass.

    Nabalus trifoliolatus Cass.
    Prenanthes nana Torr. ex DC.
    Prenanthes trifoliolata (Cass.) Fernald
Gall of the earth,
Threeleaf rattlesnake-root
Native,
Secure
Prenanthes trifoliolata BB-1913.png
Prenanthes trifoliolata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 





Images, wsp
 (L.) Hook.

    Prenanthes alba L.
    Nabalus albus (L.) Hook.
White rattlesnakeroot,
White rattlesnake-root
Prenanthe blanche
Native,
Secure
Prenanthes alba (20749617712).jpg
Prenanthes alba NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 (Pursh) Hook.

1813. Prenanthes serpentaria Pursh
    Nabalus integrifolius Cass.
    Nabalus serpentarius (Pursh) Hook.
    Nabalus fraseri DC.
    P. integrifolia (Cass.) Small
Lion's-foot,
Cankerweed,
Gall-of-the-earth,
Butterweed
Native, C:10,
Vulnerable
Nabalus serpentarius - Lions Foot.jpg
Prenanthes serpentaria NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3-4
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
DC.

    Prenanthes boottii (DC.) D. Dietr.
    Nabalus boottii DC.
Alpine rattlesnakeroot,
Boott's rattlesnake-root
Native, C:10,
Endangered
Prenanthes boottii BB-1913.png
Prenanthes boottii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
(Michx.) DC.

    Prenanthes crepidinea Michx.
    Nabalus crepidineus (Michx.) DC.
Nodding rattlesnakeroot,
Nodding rattlesnake-root
Native, C:10,
Endangered,
No recent reports
Prenanthes crepidinea BB-1913.png
Prenanthes crepidinea NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
 Michx.
ssp. racemosa

    Nabalus racemosus
Glaucous rattlesnake-root,
Purple rattlesnakeroot,
Purple rattlesnake-root
Native,
Extirpated
Prenanthes racemosa (24634555424).jpg
Prenanthes racemosa ssp racemosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-NN

ITIS




Images, wsp
A.Gray (pro sp.)
[ racemosa × trifoliolata ]

Rattlesnake-root Native,
No recent reports
Prenanthes racemosa racemosa BB-1913.png
Prenanthes × mainensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
USDA-






Images, wsp
Hypochaeris[edit]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Hypochaeridinae — Hypochaeris
Hypochaeris Cat's ear N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

Spotted cat's ear,
Hairy cat's ear
Introduced Gemeines Ferkelkraut Blüte.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 





Images, wsp
 L.

Smooth cat's ear Introduced,
No specimens
HypochaerisGlabra.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 





Images, wsp
Helminthotheca[edit]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Hypochaeridinae — Helminthotheca
Helminthotheca Ox-tongue N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(L.) Holub

Picris echioides L.
Bristly oxtongue Introduced Bitterkraut Natter 8.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW 





Images, wsp
Picris[edit]
Hawkweed oxtongue is becoming increasingly common along roadsides in the Northeast, and it is considered to be a noxious weed in Washington State.
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Hypochaeridinae — Picris
Picris Ox-tongue N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

1753. Picris hieracioides L.
1762. Hedypnois hieracioides (L.) Huds.
1781. Picris aspera Gilib.
1789. Leontodon umbellatus Schrank
1803. Apargia hieracioides (L.) Willd.
1918. Apargia umbellata (Schrank) Schrank
1967. P. hieracioides var. kamtschatica
1968. P. hieracioides ssp. kamtschatica
1982. P. hieracioides ssp. tsekouensis
2007. P. hieracioides var. alpina
Hawkweed oxtongue
Picride fausse-épervière,
Picride épervière,
Picris fausse-épervière
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive
20131019Picris hieracioides5.jpg
Picris hieracioides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-MX
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA 
BNA


Images, wsp
Scorzoneroides[edit]
Scorzoneroides autumnalis

Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Hypochaeridinae — Scorzoneroides
Scorzoneroides Hawkbit N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 (L.) Moench

1753. Leontodon autumnalis L.
    Apargia autumnalis (L.) Hoffm.
1794. Scorzoneroides autumnalis (L.) Moench
Autumn hawkbit,
Fall hawkbit,
Fall dandelion
Introduced 4809-Leontodon-autumnalis-20110711.jpg
Leontodon autumnalis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
Leontodon[edit]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Hypochaeridinae — Leontodon
Leontodon Hawkbit N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L. (1753)
ssp. hispidus

Common hawkbit,
Bristly hawkbit,
Rough hawkbit
Introduced Leontodon hispidus PID1776-3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
 Lam.
ssp. saxatilis

1779. Leontodon saxatilis Lam.
1831. L. taraxacoides (Vill.) Willd. ex Mérat
Lesser hawkbit Introduced Leontodon saxatilis plant3 (14632817345).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xu
USDA-XX

ARS 




Images, wsp
Leontodon (excluded taxa) Hawkbit N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L. (1753)
ssp. danubialis (Jacq.) Simonkai

    L. danubialis Jacq.
    L. hispidus var. glabratus
    L. hastilis L.
    L. hastilis var. glabratus
Common hawkbit,
Bristly hawkbit
Introduced,
N.Y. excluded
Leontodon hispidus W.jpg
Excluded nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0

ARS ITIS
FNA 



Images, wsp
Subtribe Hieraciinae[edit]
The Hieraciinae contains the hawkweeds. Some sources include them all in genus Hieracium, while others split them into two genera, as is done here.
Hieracium[edit]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Hieraciinae — Hieracium
Hieracium Hawkweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE

1803. Hieracium scabrum Michx.
    
    
Sticky hawkweed,
Rough hawkweed
Native, C:6,
Secure
Hieracium scabrum - Rough Hawkweed.jpg
Hieracium scabrum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp
 L.

1753. Hieracium paniculatum L.
    
    
Panicled hawkweed,
Allegheny hawkweed
Native, C:6,
Secure
Hieracium paniculatum - Allegheny hawkweed.jpg
Hieracium paniculatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 
ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp

1753. Hieracium venosum L.
1918. H. venosum var. nudicaule
    
Rattlesnake hawkweed,
Veiny hawkweed,
Poor-Robin's-plantain
Native, C:7,
Secure
Hieracium venosum - Rattlesnake weed 2.jpg
Hieracium venosum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
USDA-NN
NEW 

Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
L.

1753. Hieracium umbellatum L.
1753. Hieracium kalmii L.
1803. H. canadense Michx.
1824. H. scabriusculum Schwein.
1901. H. columbianum Rydb.
1993. H. kalmii var. canadense
Canada hawkweed,
Canadian hawkweed,
Kalm's hawkweed,
Narrowleaf hawkweed
Èpervière en ombelle,
Èpervière de Kalm
Native, C:5,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Hieracium umbellatum 002.JPG
Hieracium umbellatum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
FNA Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp

    
    
    
Hairy hawkweed,
Queen-devil,
Gronovius' hawkweed,
Beaked hawkweed
Native, C:7,
Likely secure

FACU-UPL

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Hieracium-gronovii03.jpg
Hieracium gronovii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN
NEW 


BNA


Images, wsp
 Willd.

Hieracium gronovii ×
Hieracium venosum

    Hieracium marianum Willd.
    Hieracium × marianum Willd.
    H. pennsylvanicum Fr.
Maryland hawkweed Native,
Threatened
Hieracium marianum - Maryland hawkweed.jpg
Hieracium marianum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-2?
USDA-NN

ITIS

BNA


Images, wsp

    
    
    
Common hawkweed Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 Canada,
N. America native
Hieracium lachenalii a2.jpg
Hieracium lachenalii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XN

ARS 

BNA


Images, wsp

    H. hyparcticum (Almquist) Elfstr.
    
    
Wall hawkweed Introduced Hieracium murorum 2006.05.14 13.27.21-p5140150.jpg
Hieracium murorum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX



BNA


Images, wsp

    
    
    
New England hawkweed Introduced Hieracium sabaudum flower head.jpg
Hieracium sabaudum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX



BNA


Images, wsp
Pilosella[edit]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Hieraciinae — Pilosella
Pilosella Hawkweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(L.) F.W.Schultz & Sch. Bip.

1753. Hieracium aurantiacum L.
1862. Pilosella aurantiaca
(L.) F.W.Schultz & Sch.Bip.
Orange hawkweed,
Devil's-paintbrush,
King devil,
Orange-red king devil,
Fox and cubs
Épervière orangée,
Bouquets rouges,
Marguerite rouge
Introduced from
 Europe,
Potentially invasive

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Orange Hawkweed (Pilosella aurantiaca) (4692981851).jpg
Pilosella aurantiaca NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp

1827. Hieracium caespitosum Dumort.
1828. Hieracium pratense Tausch
1967. P. caespitosa P.D.Sell & C.West
Yellow Hawkweed,
Yellow king-devil,
Yellow fox-and-cubs,
Meadow hawkweed
Èpervière des prés,
Èpervière des prairies
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive
Yellow hawkweed (hieracium pratense).JPG
Pilosella caespitosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 




Images, wsp
(Vill.) Soják

1779. Hieracium piloselloides Vill.
1785. Hieracium florentinum All.
1971. P. piloselloides (Vill.) Soják
Glaucous-leaved hawkweed,
Tall hawkweed,
Kingdevil,
Smoothish hawkweed
Èpervière des Florentins
Introduced,
Naturalized
20170526Pilosella piloselloides3.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xn
USDA-XX
NEW 

FNA Trop.



Images, wsp

    Hieracium pilosella L
    
    
Mouse-ear hawkweed Introduced Hieracium pilosella L. (8067205419).jpg
Pilosella officinarum NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-X
NEW 





Images, wsp

    Hieracium flagellare Willd.
    P. flagellaris (Willd.) Arv.-Touv.
    H. macrostolonum Gus. Schneid.
    P. macrostolona Soják
    H. flagellare var. pilosius
Whiplash hawkweed,
Whip hawkweed
Introduced,
Naturalized
Pilosella flagellaris NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-I
NEW 





Images, wsp

Lettuce hawkweed,
European hawkweed
Introduced,
Unk. naturalization

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Nymap.svg
NYFA-






Images, wsp

Pilosella aurantiaca ×
Pilosella caespitosa

1885. H. fuscoatrum Nägeli & Peter
1971. P. fuscoatra
(Nägeli & Peter) Soják
    
Hybrid hawkweed,
Hybrid of
 orange hawkweed &
 yellow hawkweed
Introduced Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
USDA-X0






Images, wsp
(Wimm. & Grab.) Fr.

Pilosella caespitosa ×
Pilosella lactucella

    Hieracium × floribundum
    Hieracium × dorei
    Hieracium auricula
King-devil hawkweed,
Meadow hawkweed,
Yellow hawkweed,
Yellow devil hawkweed,
Smoothish hawkweed
Épervière à
  fleurs nombreuses
Introduced Ny hybrid.svg
Pilosella × floribunda NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Xn
Can
ARS 




Images, wsp
(Vill.) Arv.-Touv.

Pilosella officinarum ×
Pilosella piloselloides

    Hieracium × brachiatum
Bertol. ex DC.
    Pilosella × brachiata
(DC.) F. W. Schultz & Sch. Bip.
    Pilosella × acutifolia
(Vill.) Arv.-Touv.
Sharp-leaved hawkweed

Introduced,
Unk. naturalization
Ny hybrid.svg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xu






Images, wsp
Pilosella (excluded taxa) Hawkweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE

Hawkweed Introduced
Excluded nymap.svg







Images, wsp

Hawkweed Introduced
Excluded nymap.svg







Images, wsp
Subtribe Microseridinae[edit]
Krigia[edit]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Microseridinae — Krigia
Krigia Dwarf dandelion N.Y. Status Images Distribution NE
 (Walter) S.F.Blake

Twoflower dwarfdandelion,
Two-flowered dwarf dandelion
Native,
Likely secure
Toxomerus marginatus on Krigia biflora.jpg
Krigia biflora NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NN






Images, wsp
 (L.) Willd.

Virginia dwarf-dandelion Native,
Likely secure
Krigia virginica NRCS-002 4x3.jpg
Krigia virginica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
USDA-NX






Images, wsp
(Raf.) K.L.Chambers
var. cespitosa

Common dwarf-dandelion,
Weedy dwarf-dandelion
Introduced,
US South native,
No specimens
Krigia cespitosa NRCS-001.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
Stephanomeria[edit]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Microseridinae — Stephanomeria
Stephanomeria Wire lettuce N.Y. Status Images Distribution NE
 Nutt.
ssp. exigua

Small wirelettuce Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent
Stephanomeria exigua (4034835666).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
Nothocalais[edit]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Microseridinae — Nothocalais
Nothocalais (excluded taxa) False agoseris N.Y. Status Images Distribution NE
(Pursh) Greene

1814. Troximon cuspidatum Pursh
1840. Agoseris cuspidata
(Pursh) Raf.
1866. Microseris cuspidata
(Pursh) Sch. Bip.
1886. N. cuspidata (Pursh) Greene
Prairie false dandelion,
Sharppoint prairie-dandelion,
Wavy-leaf prairie-dandelion,
Toothed microseris
Microséris cuspidé
N. America native
 Great Plains,
N.Y. excluded
Nothocalais cuspidata (3287812722).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-NN
Can
ITIS
Trop.



Images, wsp
Malacothrix[edit]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Microseridinae — Malacothrix
Malacothrix (excluded taxa) Desert-dandelion N.Y. Status Images Distribution NE
(Nutt.) Torr. & A. Gray

    
Sowthistle desertdandelion N. America native
 western N. America,
N.Y. excluded
Malacothrix sonchoides.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-XCLD
USDA-N0






Images, wsp
Subtribe Cichoriinae[edit]
Cichorium[edit]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Cichoriinae — Cichorium
Cichorium Chicory N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
 L.

1753. Cichorium intybus L.
Chicory,
Succory,
Blue sailors,
French endive
Chicorée sauvage,
Chicorée amère,
Chicorée
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 Tunisia,
Potentially invasive

FACU

Biennial,
Herb-forb
Cichorium intybus Slovakia.jpg
Cichorium intybus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX
NEW Can
ARS 
FNA 
NSE BNA


Images, wsp
Arnoseris[edit]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Cichorieae — Cichoriinae — Arnoseris
Arnoseris Arnoseris N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(L.) Schweigg. & Körte

1753. Hyoseris minima L
1811. Arnoseris minima
(L.) Schweigg. & Körte
Lamb's succory,
Lamb's lettuce,
Swine's succory
Porcelle des moutons,
Chicorée de mouton,
Arnoséris minime,
Arnoséris naine
Introduced,
Impersistent,
No specimens
546 Arnoseris minima.jpg
Arnoseris minima NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

ARS 




Images, wsp

Tribe Vernonieae[edit]

Subtribe Vernoniineae[edit]
Vernonia[edit]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Cichorioideae — Vernonieae — Vernoniineae — Vernonia
Vernonia Ironweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NE
(L.) Michx.

1753. Serratula noveboracensis L.
1762. Behen noveboracensis (L.) Hill
1803. V. noveboracensis (L.) Michx.
1891. Cacalia noveboracensis (L.) Kuntze
1906. V. harperi Gleason
New York ironweed Native, C:3,
Likely secure

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
2014-08-27 16 09 02 New York Ironweed blossoms along the Meadow-Pond Trail in the Stony Brook-Millstone Watershed Association, New Jersey.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-4
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS 
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
(Walter) Trel. ex Branner & Coville
ssp. gigantea

1788. Chrysocoma gigantea Walter
1818. Vernonia altissima Nutt.
1891. Vernonia gigantea (Walter) Trel.
1891. Cacalia gigantea (Walter) Kuntze
Tall ironweed,
Giant ironweed
Vernonie géante
Native, C:0,
Endangered

FAC-FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Vernomia altissima (Compositae) plant.JPG
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
USDA-NN
NEW Can
ARS ITIS
Trop.
BNA


Images, wsp
 DC.

Arkansas ironweed Introduced,
N. America native

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Vernonia arkansana BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-NN
NEW 


BNA


Images, wsp
 Michx.

1803. Vernonia fasciculata Michx.
1907. V. fasciculata var. corymbosa
1972. V. fasciculata ssp. corymbosa
Smooth ironweed,
Fascicled ironweed,
Prairie ironweed
Vernonie fasciculée
Introduced from
 Midwest,
N. America native

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Vernonia fasciculata.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-NN
NEW Can


BNA


Images, wsp
 (L.) Willd.

1753. Serratula glauca L.
1803. Vernonia glauca (L.) Willd.
1884. V. noveboracensis var. tomentosa
    
Broadleaf ironweed Introduced from
 PA south,
N. America native,
No NY reports

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Unlisted
USDA-N0
NEW 
ARS ITIS
FNA 
BNA


Images, wsp
 Raf.

    Vernonia missurica Raf.
Missouri ironweed Introduced from
 south-central US,
 midwestern US,
N. America native,
No NY reports,
naturalized in MA

FAC-FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb
Nymap.svg
NYFA-Unlisted
USDA-N0
NEW Can


BNA


Images, wsp

Carduoideae
Flora of New York — Asterales : Asteraceae :
Cichorioideae : Cichorieae & Vernonieae

Senecioneae, Calenduleae, Gnaphalieae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index