Flora of New York/Brassicales

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Malvales
Flora of New York — Brassicales
Santalales
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


The order Brassicales ...

Family Tropaeolaceae[edit | edit source]

The Tropaeolaceae (nasturtium family) contains the single genus Tropaeolum, which in New York is represented by the cultivated ornamental commonly known as nasturtium. Note that this is not the same as the genus Nasturtium, commonly known as watercress, in the family Brassicaceae below.[1]
Tropaeolum[edit | edit source]
Tropaeolum majus
nasturtium

Brassicales — Tropaeolaceae — Tropaeolum
Genus Tropaeolum Nasturtium N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Tropaeolum majus L.
    
    
Nasturtium Introduced,
Not naturalized

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
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Family Limnanthaceae[edit | edit source]

The Limnanthaceae (meadowfoam family) [1]

Floerkea[edit | edit source]
Brassicales — Limnanthaceae — Floerkea
Genus Floerkea Floerkea N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Willd.

1801. Floerkea proserpinacoides Willd.
1814. Nectris pinnata Pursh
1830. Cabomba pinnata (Pursh) Schult.& Schult.f.
1900. Floerkea occidentalis Rydb.
False mermaidweed,
False mermaid-weed,
False mermaid
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure

FACW-FAC

Annual,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 5

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Family Resedaceae[edit | edit source]

The Resedaceae (mignonette family) contains up to a dozen genera worldwide, but only Reseda is listed in New York State.[1]
  1. Resedaceae Troy Weldy & David Werier (2013) New York Flora Atlas. New York Flora Association, Albany, New York.

Tribe Resedeae[edit | edit source]

Reseda[edit | edit source]
Reseda lutea
Mignonette
Brassicales — Resedaceae — Resedeae — Reseda
Genus ResedaTourn. (1753) Mignonette N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Yellow upright mignonette,
Cut-leaf mignonette,
Wild mignonette
Introduced,
Naturalized

NYFA: X
NYFA: 15 counties
Alien GBIF
3 counties

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 L.

White upright mignonette Introduced,
Not naturalized

NYFA: X

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 L.

Dyer's rocket,
Dyer's weed,
Dyer's weld,
Weld
Introduced,
Not naturalized

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
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 L.

Garden mignonette Introduced,
Not naturalized

NYFA: X

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Family Cleomaceae[edit | edit source]

Subfamily Cleomoideae[edit | edit source]

Polanisia[edit | edit source]

Brassicales — Cleomaceae — Cleomoideae — Polanisia
Genus Polanisia Clammyweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) DC.
ssp. dodecandra

1753. Cleome dodecandra L.
1824. Polanisia dodecandra (L.) DC.
1819. Polanisia graveolens Raf.
Common clammy-weed,
Redwhisker clammyweed,
Red-whisker clammy-weed
Polanisie à douze étamines
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure?

NYFA: X

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Peritoma[edit | edit source]

Brassicales — Cleomaceae — Cleomoideae — Peritoma
Genus Peritoma Spiderflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Pursh) DC.

1813. Cleome serrulata Pursh
1824. Peritoma serrulata (Pursh) DC.
1895. Cleome integrifolia var-angusta
1899. Cleome inornata Greene
1900. Peritoma inornata (Greene) Greene
Bee spider-flower,
Rocky Mountain beeplant,
Stinking bee-plant,
Guaco
Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent

NYFA: Xm

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Tarenaya[edit | edit source]

Tarenaya hassleriana

Brassicales — Cleomaceae — Cleomoideae — Tarenaya
Genus Tarenaya Spiderflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Chodat) H.H.Iltis

1898. Cleome hassleriana Chodat
2007. Tarenaya hassleriana (Chodat) H.H.Iltis
 auct. Cleome spinosanon Jacq.
Spider-flower ...
Pink queen ...
Giant spider-flower ...
Spiderplant ...
Introduced from
 South America,
Naturalized

NYFA: X

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Genus Tarenaya (excluded taxa) Spiderflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Jacq.) Raf.

1760. Cleome spinosa Jacq.
1838. Tarenaya spinosa (Jacq.) Raf.
    
Spiny spiderflower ...

Introduced from
 South America,
N.Y. excluded

NYFA-Excluded

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Gynandropsis[edit | edit source]

Brassicales — Cleomaceae — Cleomoideae — Gynandropsis
Genus Gynandropsis Spiderflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Briq.

1753. Cleome gynandra L.
1759. Cleome pentaphylla L.
1790. Pedicellaria pentaphylla (L.) Schrank
1914. Gynandropsis gynandra (L.) Briq.
1824. Gynandropsis pentaphylla (L.) DC.
African spider-flower,
Spiderwisp,
Cat’s-whiskers
Introduced from
 Africa & Asia,
Impersistent

NYFA: Xm

USDA-XX
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Family Brassicaceae[edit | edit source]

The Brassicaceae (mustard family) contains about 44 genera in New York, including more than 100 taxa. Of these, only about 30 percent are native to New York.[1][2][3]

Tribe Alysseae[edit | edit source]

Berteroa[edit | edit source]
Berteroa incana
Berteroa incana (hoary alyssum) is the only species of its genus listed as currently naturalized in North America north of Mexico according to Al-Shehbaz (2020) in the Flora of North America. Berteroa mutabilis was last collected in the early twentieth century from garden escapes in KS and MA, and Berteroa incana, collected from the Catskills, was misidentified as Berteroa obliqua.[1]
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Alysseae — Berteroa
Genus Berteroa False-madwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) DC.

1753.  Alyssum incanum  L. in…
1779.  Draba cheiriformis  Lam. in…
1786.  Draba cheiranthifolia  Lam. in…
1788.  Moenchia incana  (L.) Roth in…
1800.  Draba dasycarpa  Bernh. in…
1812.  Farsetia incana  (L.) W.T.Aiton in…
1815.  Vesicaria incana  (L.) Desv. in…
1821.  Berteroa incana  (L.) DC. in…
1854.  Berteroa stricta  Boiss. & Heldr. in…
1888.  Berteroa ascendens  var. microcarpa  Boiss. in…
1902.  Crucifera berteroa  E.H.L.Krause in…
1948.  Berteroa incana  ssp. stricta  (Boiss. & Heldr.) Stoj. & Stef. in…
Hoary-alyssum ...
Hoary alyssum ...
Hoary false alyssum ...
Hoary false madwort ...
Hoary alison ...
Introduced

NYFA: X
NYFA: ? counties
iNat
? counties

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Genus Berteroa (excluded taxa) False-madwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Vent.) DC.

1800.  Alyssum mutabile  Vent.
1821.  Berteroa mutabilis  (Vent.) DC.
Roadside false madwort ...

Introduced from
 Italy, Balkans, Turkey,
N.Y. excluded,
FNA excluded

NYFA-Excluded
NYFA: Excluded
iNat
No NA observations

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(Sm.) DC.

1813. Alyssum obliquum Sm.
1821. Berteroa obliqua (Sm.) DC.
    
False madwort

Introduced,
N.Y. excluded

NYFA-Excluded
NYFA: ? counties
? counties

USDA-00
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Alyssum[edit | edit source]
Alyssum alyssoides

Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Alysseae — Alyssum
Genus Alyssum Madwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) L.

Alyssum,
Small Alison,
Pale madwort
Introduced,
Potentially invasive,
 Invasive.org: [1],
 GRIIS-US: Invasive,
Naturalized

NYFA: X
NYFA: 19 counties
counties

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Odontarrhena[edit | edit source]
Odontarrhena muralis

Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Alysseae — Odontarrhena
Genus Odontarrhena Alyssum N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Waldst. & Kit.) Endl.

1799. Alyssum murale Waldst. & Kit.
1841. Odontarrhena muralis (Waldst. & Kit.) Endl.
Yellowtuft,
Wall alyssum
Introduced,
Unknown naturalization

NYFA: X
GBIF

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Lunaria[edit | edit source]
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Alysseae — Lunaria
Genus Lunaria Honesty N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Annual honesty Introduced

NYFA: X

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Aurinia[edit | edit source]
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Alysseae — Aurinia
Genus Aurinia Aurinia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Ard.) Schur

1764. Alyssum petraeum Ard.
1866. Aurinia petraea (Ard.) Schur
    
Gold-tuft ...
Goldentuft ...
Golden tuft
Rock Aurinia
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Naturalized

NYFA: X

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 (L.) Desv.
ssp. saxatilis

1753. Alyssum saxatile L.
1815. Aurinia saxatilis (L.) Desv.
    
Basket-of-gold,
Golden tuft
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Not naturalized

NYFA: X

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Lobularia[edit | edit source]
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Alysseae — Lobularia
Genus Lobularia Lobularia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Desv.

Sweet alyssum Introduced

NYFA: X

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Tribe Conringieae[edit | edit source]

Conringia[edit | edit source]
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Conringieae — Conringia
Genus Conringia Hare's-ear-mustard N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Dumort.

1753. Brassica orientalis L.
1821. Conringia orientalis (L.) C. Presl
Hare's-ear-mustard,
Rabit's-ear-mustard,
Treacle mustard,
Slinkweed
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa

NYFA: X

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Tribe Thlaspideae[edit | edit source]

Alliaria[edit | edit source]
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Thlaspideae — Alliaria
Genus Alliaria Alliaria N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (M.Bieb.) Cavara & Grande

1753. Erysimum alliaria  L.
1772. Sisymbrium alliaria  Scop.
1808. Arabis petiolata  M.Bieb.
1819. Alliaria officinalis  Andrz. ex M.Bieb.
1913. Alliaria petiolata (M.Bieb.) Cavara & Grande
Garlic mustard,
Hedge garlic
Alliaire officinale,
Alliaire
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Very highly invasive,
 NYIS: 84%[1],
Prohibited[2],
CP-2[3] NE-1[4]

FACU

Biennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X

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Thlaspi[edit | edit source]
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Thlaspideae — Thlaspi
Genus Thlaspi Pennycress N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Thlaspi arvense L.
    
    
Field penny-cress,
Fanweed
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive,
SNA

UPL

Annual,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
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Mummenhoffia[edit | edit source]
Mummenhoffia alliacea

Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Thlaspideae — Mummenhoffia
Genus Mummenhoffia Pennycress N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Esmailbegi & Al-Shehbaz

1753. Thlaspi alliaceum L.
2018. Mummenhoffia alliacea (L.) Esmailbegi & Al-Shehbaz
Garlic pennycress ...
Roadside pennycress ...

Introduced,
Potentially invasive,
iMapInvasives,
 Invasive.org: [2],
Not listed in NY Flora Atlas

NYFA: Not listed
iNat
GBIF
8 counties

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Noccaea[edit | edit source]
Noccaea perfoliata

Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Thlaspideae — Microthlaspi
Genus NoccaeaMoench Pennycress N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Al-Shehbaz

1753. Thlaspi perfoliatum L.
1973. Microthlaspi perfoliatum (L.) F.K.Mey.
2014. Noccaea perfoliata (L.) Al-Shehbaz
Perfoliate penny-cress
Claspleaf pennycress
Introduced

NYFA: X
GBIF

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Tribe Arabideae[edit | edit source]

Arabis[edit | edit source]
Arabis pycnocarpa

Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Arabideae — Arabis
Genus Arabis Rockcress N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 M.Hopkins

1937. Arabis pycnocarpa M.Hopkins
1937. Arabis pycnocarpa  var. reducta  M.Hopkins
1937. Arabis pycnocarpa  var. typica  M.Hopkins
1941. Arabis hirsuta  var. pycnocarpa  Rollins
1945. Arabis hirsuta  ssp. pycnocarpa  Hultén
1951. Arabis hirsuta  var. minshallii  B.Boivin
Creamflower rockcress,
Cream-flowered rockcress,
Hairy rock-cress,
Hairy eared-rockcress
Native, CoC: 9,
Likely secure

Biennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 5?
iNat

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 (M.Hopkins) Al-Shehbaz

1937. Arabis pycnocarpa  var. adpressipilis  M.Hopkins
1941. Arabis hirsuta  var. adpressipilis  Rollins
2017. Arabis adpressipilis  (M.Hopkins) Al-Shehbaz
Slender rock-cress,
Southern hairy rock-cress,
Creamflower rockcress
Native, CoC: 10,
No recent reports,
NYNHP: SH[1]

NYFA: NU
NYFA: Tomkins (1875)
iNat
No NY observations

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 Willd.

1800. Arabis alpina  Georgi (nom. illeg.)
1814. Arabis caucasica Willd.
1913. Arabis alpina  ssp. caucasica  Briq.
Garden rockcress ...
Garden Arabis ...
Gray rockcress ...

Arabette du Caucase ...
Corbeille d'argent ...
Introduced from
 Eurasia, n. Africa,
Unknown naturalization

Annual,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X
NYFA: Niagara, Herkimer
Niagara

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Genus Arabis (excluded taxa) Rockcress N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Scop.

1772. Arabis hirsuta (L.) Scop.
    
    
Hairy rockcress ...

N. America native,
N.Y. excluded

NYFA-Excluded

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Draba[edit | edit source]
Various Draba species are known as whitlow-grass or whitlow-mustard because they were thought to a cure for the "whitlow," which is an inflammation of fingernail, toenail, or hoof areas.


Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Arabideae — Draba
Genus Draba Whitlow grass,
whitlow mustard
N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Michx.

1803. Draba arabisans Michx.
1807. D. arabis Pers. (i)
1835. D. incanavar. glabriuscula
1888. D. incanavar. arabisans
1953. D. arabisansvar. superiorensis
Rock whitlow-grass,
Rock whitlow-mustard,
Rock draba
Native, CoC: 10,
Threatened,
NYNHP: 2[1]

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 2

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 Pursh

1813. Draba glabella Pursh
1821. Draba daurica DC.
1865. Draba canadensis Brunet
1905. D. arabisansvar. canadensis
1905. Draba pycnosperma
Fernald & C.H. Knowlt.
Smooth whitlow-grass,
Smooth whitlow-mustard,
Smooth rock-cress,
Smooth draba
Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[2]

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 1

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 L.

    
    
    
Spring whitlow-grass,
Spring whitlow-mustard,
Spring draba
Introduced,
Naturalized

Annual,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X

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Tomostima[edit | edit source]
Tomostima reptans
Genus Tomostima
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Arabideae — Tomostima
Genus Tomostima Whitlow grass,
whitlow mustard
N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Lam.) Al-Shehbaz, M.Koch & Jordon-Thaden

1783. Arabis reptans  Lam.
1788. Draba caroliniana  Walter
1817. Arabis rotundifolia  Raf.
1838. Draba micrantha  Nutt.
1916. Tomostima micrantha  (Nutt.) Lunell
1934. Draba reptans  (Lam.) Fernald
2012. Tomostima reptans (Lam.) Al-Shehbaz, M.Koch & Jordon-Thaden
Carolina whitlow-grass,
Carolina whitlow-mustard,
Carolina draba,
Creeping draba
Native, CoC: 10,
Threatened,
NYNHP: 2[1]

Annual,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 2
GBIF

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Tribe Iberideae[edit | edit source]

The Brassicaceae tribe Iberideae contains the genera Iberis and Teesdalia, which together contain about four species that have been introduced to New York.[1]
Iberis[edit | edit source]
Iberis sempervirens
A few non-native Iberis (candytuft) plants have been discovered in New York over the years but are not known to naturalize in the state.

The common name candytuft is derived from the Latin name Candia, which referred to the island of Crete or what is now Heraklion, its largest city.


Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Iberideae — Iberis
Genus Iberis Candy tuft N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Iberis umbellata L.
1762. Thlaspi umbellatum  (L.) Crantz
1821. Thlaspi umbellatum  (L.) Steven ex DC.
1904. Iberis roseopurpurea  Sagorski
1836. Iberis coronaria  D.Don
1937. Iberis visiani  Degen
Globe candy-tuft,
Globe candytuft,
Annual candytuft
Introduced from
 Europe,
Not naturalized

NYFA: X
NYFA: 5 counties
3 counties

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 L.

1753. Iberis sempervirens L.
1773. Iberis garrexiana  All.
1850. Iberis serrulata  Vis.
1888. Aethionema longistylum  Post
Evergreen candytuft,
Evergreen candy-tuft
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Not naturalized

NYFA: X
NYFA: Ulster 1967
Kings, Nassau 2023

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L.

1753. Iberis amara L.
1762. Thlaspi amarum  (L.) Crantz
1901. Biauricula amara  (L.) Bubani
1902. Crucifera iberis  E.H.L.Krause
Rocket candy-tuft,
Rocket candytuft,
Annual candy-tuft
Introduced from
 Europe,
Unk. naturalizaion

NYFA: X
NYFA: Oswego 1882, Washington 1897
0 counties

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Genus Iberis (excluded taxa) Candy tuft N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Willd.

1800. Iberis carnosa Willd.
1817. Iberis pruitii Tineo
1854. Iberis jordanii Boiss.
1821. Iberis lagascana DC.
1821. Iberis tenoreana DC.
Pruit's candytuft Introduced,
N.Y. excluded

NYFA-Excluded
NYFA: Excluded
No NY obserations

USDA-X0
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Tropicos
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Teesdalia[edit | edit source]
Teesdalia nudicaulis
The only species of genus Teesdalia known to grow outside of cultivation in New York is Teesdalia nudicaulis (shepherd's cress), which has been observed on Long Island.
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Iberideae — Teesdalia
Genus Teesdalia Shepard's cress N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) W.T.Aiton

1753. Iberis nudicaulis  L.
1812. Teesdalia nudicaulis (L.) W.T.Aiton
1884. Capsella nudicaulis  (L.) Prantl
1902. Crucifera teesdalea  E.H.L.Krause
Shepherd’s cress ...
Barestem teesdalia ...
Common shepherd's-cress
Introduced

NYFA: X
NYFA: Nassau, Suffolk
GBIF
Nassau only

USDA-XX
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Tribe Isatideae[edit | edit source]

Isatis[edit | edit source]
Isatis tinctoria
The genus Isatis (woad)
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Isatideae — Isatis
Genus Isatis Woad N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Isatis tinctoria L.
Dyer’s woad,
Pastel des teinturiers
Introduced,
Impersistent

NYFA: Xm

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Tribe Brassiceae[edit | edit source]

The Brassicaceae tribe Brassiceae contains the 13 genera: Brassica, Cakile, Carrichtera, Coincya, Crambe, Diplotaxis, Eruca, Erucastrum, Hirschfeldia, Orychophragmus, Raphanus, Rapistrum, and Sinapis.[1] The 9 genera known to be present in New York are shown in bold text.
Cakile[edit | edit source]
Cakile edentula
The genus Cakile contains the only New York native in the tribe Brassiceae. The species Cakile edentula is native to coastal New York, with American sea rocket (Cakile edentula var. edentula) primarily on Atlantic coastal beaches and lake sea rocket (Cakile edentula var. lacustris) on Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. European sea-rocket has also been found near New York City beaches.
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Brassiceae — Cakilinae — Cakile
Genus Cakile Sea rocket N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Bigelow) Hook.
var. edentula

1814. Bunias edentula Bigelow
1818. Cakile americana Nutt.
1830. Cakile edentula Hook.
1907. Cakile californica A.Heller
1945. Cakile edentulassp. californica
1965. Cakile aegyptiavar. edentula
American sea rocket,
Sea rocket,
Sea kale
Caquillier édentulé
Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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 (Bigelow) Hook.
var. lacustris Fernald

1922. Cakile edentulavar. lacustris
1945. Cakile edentulassp. lacustris
1964. Cakile lacustris (Fernald) Pobed.
Great lakes searocket
Caquillier des Grands Lacs
Native,
Vulnerable

NYFA: 3?

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 Scop.
ssp. maritima

1753. Bunias cakile L.
1772. Cakile maritima Scop.
1812. Cakile pinnatifida Stokes
1821. Rapistrum maritimum
(Scop.) Bergeret ex DC.
1882. Cakile cakile (L.) H. Karst.
European sea-rocket Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Not naturalized
Bronx (1923-1926),
Kings (1865),
Nassau (2001),
New York (1948)
NYFA: X

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Brassica[edit | edit source]
Brassica nigra
The genus Brassica contains the majority of the cruciferous vegetable species
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Brassiceae — Brassicinae — Brassica
Genus Brassica Mustard N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Czern.

Brassica nigra (n = 8) ×
Brassica rapa (n = 10)

1753. Sinapis juncea L.
1859. Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.
    Brassica integrifolia
    Brassica japonica
    Brassica willdenowii
Chinese mustard ...
Mustard greens ...
Brown mustard ...
Indian mustard ...
Leaf mustard ...

Moutarde d'Inde
Moutarde brune
Introduced,
Potentially invasive,
Naturalized,
SNA

UPL

Annual,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X

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 L.

1753. Brassica rapa L.
    Brassica campestris
    Brassica chinensis
    Brassica pekinensis
    Sinapis pekinensis
Field mustard ...
Turnip ...
Chinese cabbage ...
Wild turnip ...
Introduced,
Naturalized,
SNA

UPL

Biennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X

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 L.

1753. Brassica napus L.
1768. Brassica napobrassica (L.) Mill.
1833. Brassica napus  var. napobrassica  (L.) Rchb.
Rapeseed ...
Rutabaga ...
Rape ...
Oilseed rape ...
Swedish turnip ...
Canola ...

Colza ...
Introduced,
Unknown naturalization,
SNA

Biennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X

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 L.

1753. Brassica oleracea L.
1753. Brassica oleracea  var. capitata
1768. Brassica sylvestris Mill.
1821. Brassica oleracea  var. acephala  DC.
1829. Napus oleraceain…
1841. Brassica maritima Tardent
1902. Crucifera brassica E.H.L. Krause
1922. Brassica alboglabra L.H. Bailey
Cabbage ...
Kale ...
Collards ...
Broccoli ...
Cauliflower ...
Kohlrabi ...
Wild cabbage ...

Chou potager ...
Chou ...
Introduced from
 Europe,
Not naturalized,
SNA, GNR
Cattaraugus,
Nassau (1897),
Otsego (1969),
Tompkins (1918)
NYFA: X

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Rhamphospermum[edit | edit source]
Rhamphospermum arvense

Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Brassiceae — Brassicinae — Rhamphospermum
Genus Rhamphospermum Mustard N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Sinapis arvensis L.
1938. Brassica kaber (DC.) L.C.Wheeler
Charlock,
Charlock mustard,
Corn mustard,
Wild mustard
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Naturalized

NYFA: X

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 (L.) W.D.J.Koch

1833. Brassica nigra (L.) W.D.J.Koch
    Sinapis nigra
    Sisymbrium nigrum
Black mustard,
Shortpod mustard,
Moutarde noire
Introduced,
Eurasia native,
N. Africa native

NYFA: X

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Sinapis[edit | edit source]
Sinapis alba

Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Brassiceae — Brassicinae — Sinapis
Genus Sinapis Mustard N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

    Sinapis alba L.
    Brassica alba Rabenh., non L.
    Brassica hirta Moench
White mustard Introduced

NYFA: X

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Coincya[edit | edit source]
Coincya monensis
Coincya monensis is now spreading from Pennsylvania into southern New York. [1] [2]
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Brassiceae — Brassicinae — Coincya
Genus Coincya Star-mustard N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Greuter & Burdet
ssp. cheiranthos C.Aedo Pérez, Leadlay & Muñoz Garm.

1779. Brassica cheiranthos Vill.
1785. Sinapis recurvata All.
1804. Brassica pseudoerucastrum Brot.
1843. Brassica cheiranthos  var. cheiranthos  (Vill.) Bab.
1957. Rhynchosinapis cheiranthos (Vill.) Dandy
1959. R. pseudoerucastrum (Brot.) Franco
1977. Hutera cheiranthos (Vill.) Gómez-Campo
1983. Coincya coincyoides (Humbert & Maire) Greuter & Burdet
1990. Coincya monensis  var. recurvata  (All.) Leadlay
1990. Coincya monensis  ssp. recurvata  (All.) Leadlay
1993. Coincya monensis  ssp. cheiranthos  (Vill.) C.Aedo Pérez, Leadlay & Muñoz Garm.
Star-mustard
Tall wallflower-cabbage
Wallflower-cabbage
Coincya ...
Isle of Man cabbage ...
Introduced from
 Europe,
 northern Africa,
Potentially invasive,
Naturalized

NYFA: X
NYFA: 3 counties
iNat
GBIF
? counties

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Diplotaxis[edit | edit source]
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Brassiceae — Brassicinae — Diplotaxis
Genus Diplotaxis Wall rocket N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) DC

Annual wallrocket,
Sand-rocket,
Wall-rocket
Introduced,
Naturalized

NYFA: X

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 (L.) DC

Perennial wallrocket Introduced,
Naturalized

NYFA: X

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 (L.) DC.

White wallrocket Introduced,
Impersistent,
Not naturalized

NYFA: Xm

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Eruca[edit | edit source]
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Brassiceae — Brassicinae — Eruca
Genus Eruca Rocket salad N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Cav.
ssp. sativa (Mill.) Thell.

1753. Brassica eruca L.
1768. Eruca sativa Mill.
1898. Eruca eruca (L.) Asch. & Graebn.
1918. Eruca vesicaria  ssp. sativa  (Mill.) Thell.
Arugula ...
Rocketsalad ...
Rocket-salad
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Impersistent,
Not naturalized

NYFA: Xm

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Genus Eruca (excluded taxa) Rocket salad N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Cav.
ssp. vesicaria

1753. Brassica vesicaria L.
1803. Eruca vesicaria (L.) Cav.
Rocket ...

Introduced from
 Europe,
 northern Africa,
N.Y. excluded

NYFA-Excluded

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Erucastrum[edit | edit source]
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Brassiceae — Brassicinae — Erucastrum
Genus Erucastrum Dog mustard N.Y. Status Images Distribution NPT
 (Willd.) O.E.Schulz

    Sisymbrium gallicum Willd.
    Erucastrum pollichii
Common dogmustard,
French rocket,
Moutarde des chiens
Introduced,
Naturalized

Biennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X

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Raphanus[edit | edit source]
Raphanus raphanistrum
The genus Raphanus contains the radish species, including the cultivated garden radish and wild radishes.
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Brassiceae — Brassicinae — Raphanus
Genus Raphanus Radish N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
ssp. raphanistrum

Wild radish Introduced,
Naturalized

NYFA: X

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 L.

R. raphanistrum var. sativus
Cultivated radish Introduced,
Unknown naturalization

NYFA: X

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Rapistrum[edit | edit source]
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Brassiceae — Brassicinae — Rapistrum
Genus Rapistrum Bastard cabbage N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) All.

Myagrum rugosum L.
Bastard-cabbage,
Annual bastard cabbage,
Grenade
Introduced,
Impersistent

NYFA: Xm

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Tribe Sisymbrieae[edit | edit source]

Sisymbrium[edit | edit source]
Sisymbrium officinale
Hedgemustard
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Sisymbrieae — Sisymbrium
Genus Sisymbrium Hedgemustard N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Sisymbrium altissimum L.
Tall tumble-mustard,
Tall rocket
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive,
 Invasive.org: [3],
 USGS: L48 invasive,
Naturalized

NYFA: X
GBIF

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 (L.) Scop.

1753. Erysimum officinale L.
1772. Sisymbrium officinale (L.) Scop.
Common hedge mustard ...
Common hedge-mustard ...
Hedge mustard ...
Hairy-pod hedge mustard ...
Hairy-pod hedge-mustard ...
Hairy-podded hedgemustard ...

Sisymbre officinal
Introduced from
 Euraasia native,
 northern Africa,
Potentially invasive,
 Invasive.org: [4],
 USGS: L48 invasive,
Naturalized,
SNA, GNR

Annual,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X
iNat
GBIF

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L.

1755. Sisymbrium loeselii L.
1891. Hesperis loeselii (L.) Kuntze
1902. Crucifera loeselii (L.) E.H.L.Krause
Small tumbleweed mustard,
False London rocket,
Tall hedgemustard
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive,
 Invasive.org: [5],
 USGS: L48 invasive,
Naturalized,
Herb-forb

NYFA: Xm
NYFA: 5 counties
GBIF
Putnam (2019)

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 L. (1753)

Indian hedgemustard,
Eastern rocket
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Impersistent

NYFA: X
NYFA: Tompkins (1932)
No observations

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 L. (1753)

Norta irio (L.) Britton
London rocket,
Rocketmustard
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Impersistent

NYFA: Xm
NYFA: New York (1880)
No observations

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Tribe Buniadeae[edit | edit source]

Bunias[edit | edit source]
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Buniadeae — Bunias
Genus Bunias Warty cabbage N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Bunias orientalis L.
1785. Myagrum taraxacifolium Lam.
1786. Rapistrum glandulosum
J.P.Bergeret
1794. Bunias verrucosa Moench
1813. Bunias perennis Sm.
1837. Laelia orientalis (L.) Rchb.
Turkish rocket,
Turkish warty-cabbage,
Hill mustard
Bunias d'Orient
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Naturalized,
Potentially invasive

NYFA: X

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CABI
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Tribe Hesperideae[edit | edit source]

Hesperis[edit | edit source]
Hesperis matronalis L.
Dame's rocket

Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Hesperideae
Genus Hesperis Rocket N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

    
    
    
Dame's rocket,
Sweet rocket,
Dame's violet,
Damask violet,
Mother-of-the-evening
Julienne des dames,
Arragone
Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
 NYIS: 57%[1],
CP-3[2]

FACU

Biennial, perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X

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Tribe Cardamineae[edit | edit source]

Cardamine[edit | edit source]

C. concatenata

C. diphylla

C. maxima

C. parviflora

C. pensylvanica

C. pratensis

C. rotundifolia

C. douglassii

The genus Cardamine has, in the past, been segregated into the two species:

  • Cardamine (bittercress) and
  • Dentaria (toothwort).

Here they are treated as subgenera.

Cardamine subg. Dentaria[edit | edit source]

Cardamine subg. Dentaria contains the toothworts.

Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Cardamineae — Cardamine subg. Dentaria
Genus Cardaminesubg. Dentaria Toothwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Michx.) O. Schwarz

1800. Dentaria laciniata Muhl. ex Willd.
1803. Dentaria concatenata Michx.
1870. Cardamine laciniata Alph.Wood
1939. Cardamine concatenata O. Schwarz
Cut-leaved toothwort,
Five-part toothwort,
Slender toothwort,
Cut-leaf toothcup
Dentaire laciniée,
Cardamine découpée
Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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 (Michx.) Alph.Wood

1803. Dentaria diphylla Michx.
1812. Dentaria bifolia Stokes
1870. Cardamine diphylla (Michx.) Alph.Wood
1903. Dentaria incisa Small
1904. Cardamine incisa (Small) K.Schum.
Two-leaved toothwort,
Broadleaf toothwort,
Crinkleroot
Dentaire à deux feuilles,
Snicroûte,
Carcajou
Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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 (Nutt.) Alph.Wood

1818. Dentaria maxima Nutt.
1870. Cardamine maxima (Nutt.) Alph.Wood
1903. Dentaria anomala Eames
1904. Cardamine anomala (Eames) K.Schum.
Large toothwort,
Three-leaved toothwort
Dentaire géante,
Cardamine géante
Native,
Likely secure

NYFA: 4

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Genus Cardaminesubg. Dentaria (excluded taxa) Toothwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Cardamine concatenata × diphylla

Cardamine concatenata ×
Cardamine diphylla

    
    
    
Hybrid of
 cut-leaved toothwort &
 two-leaved toothwort
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded

NYFA-Excluded

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Cardamine concatenata × maxima

Cardamine concatenata ×
Cardamine maxima

    
    
    
Hybrid of
 cut-leaved toothwort &
 large toothwort
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded

NYFA-Excluded

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Cardamine diphylla × maxima

Cardamine diphylla ×
Cardamine maxima

    
    
    
Hybrid of
 two-leaved toothwort &
 large toothwort
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded

NYFA-Excluded

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Cardamine subg. Cardamine[edit | edit source]
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Cardamineae — Cardamine subg. Cardamine
Genus Cardaminesubg. Cardamine Bittercress N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Muhl. ex Willd.

1800. Cardamine pensylvanica Willd.
1902. Cardamine multifolia Rydb.
1903. Cardamine flexuosa  ssp. pensylvanica  O.E.Schulz
1915. Dracamine pensylvanica Nieuwl.
1917. Cardamine longii Fernald
1945. Cardamine hirsuta  var. pensylvanica  Graff
Pennsylvania bitter-cress,
Quaker bittercress
Cardamine de Pennsylvanie
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure,
S5

FACW-OBL

Biennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 5

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 (Schreb. ex Muhl.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.

1793. Arabis bulbosa Schreb. ex Muhl
1806. Arabis rhomboidea Pers.
1821. C. rhomboidea (Pers.) DC.
1888. C. bulbosa Britton et al.
Bulbous bitter-cress,
Bulb bittercress,
Spring cress
Cardamine bulbeuse
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure,
S5, G5

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 5

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 L.

1753. Cardamine pratensis L.
1829. C. pratensisvar. palustris
1846. Cardamine palustris Peterm.
1915. Dracamine pratensis (L.) Nieuwl.
Cuckooflower,
Cuckoo flower,
Pink cuckoo bitter-cress
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure,
S5, G5

NYFA: 5

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 var. arenicola

    
    
    
Small-flowered bitter-cress,
Sand bittercress
Native, CoC: 7,
Likely secure,
S4

FAC-FACU

Annual,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 4

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 Britton

    
    
    
Purple cress,
Limestone bittercress
Native,
Threatened

NYFA: 2-3

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 Michx.

    Dentaria rotundifolia
Mountain watercress,
Round-leaved water-cress
Native,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[1]

NYFA: 1

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 L.

1753. Cardamine hirsuta L.
Hairy bittercress,
Hairy cress,
Hoary bittercress
Cardamine hérissée,
Cardamine hispide,
Cardamine hirsute
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Invasive,
CP-3[2]

NYFA: X
NYFA: 16 counties
? counties

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 Hornem.

1796. Cardamine flexuosa With.
1819. Cardamine occulta Hornem.
1825. Cardamine debilis D.Don
1886. Cardamine hirsuta  ssp. flexuosa  Forbes & Hemsl.
1945. Cardamine konaensis H.St.John
Asian wavy bitter cress
Nursery Bittercress
Introduced from
 Asia (2n=64)[3],
Invasive

NYFA: X
NYFA: 7 counties
8 counties

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 L.

1753. Cardamine impatiens L.
1903. C. impatiensvar. angustifolia
Narrowleaf bittercress,
Touch-me-not bittercress,
Bushy rock-cress
Cardamine impatiente
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Highly invasive,
 NYIS: 76%[4],
Prohibited[5]

NYFA: X

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  1. New York Natural Heritage Program. 2024. Online Conservation Guide for Cardamine rotundifolia. Endangered, S1/G4.
  2. Appendix 3. Plant species that are considered moderately to highly invasive to natural areas in the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Botanic Gardens' accessioned collections (2018)
  3. Flora of North America (based on Lihová et al. 2006) states that the tetraploid European and octaploid Asian populations of Cardamine flexuosa should be treated as two distinct species. Both taxa are found in similar habitats. It is not known which these (or whether both of these) taxa have naturalized in New York.
  4. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentCardamine impatiens: Highly invasive (76).
  5. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Regulation 6 NYCRR Part 575 Prohibited and Regulated Invasive Species
Rorippa[edit | edit source]
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Cardamineae — Rorippa
Genus Rorippa Yellowcress N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Besser
ssp. palustris

1753. Sisymbrium amphibium
var. palustre L.
1769. Nasturtium palustre (L.) DC.
1794. Radicula palustris (L.) Moench
1821. Ro. palustris (L.) Besser
1940. Ro. islandica  var. fernaldiana  Butters & Abbe
1968. Ro. palustris  ssp. fernaldiana  (Butters & Abbe) Jonsell
1972. Ro. palustris  var. fernaldiana  (Butters & Abbe) Stuckey
 auct. Ro. islandica
Marsh yellow-cress ...
Bog yellow-cress ...
Fernald's yellow-cress
Rorippa palustris

Native, CoC: 3,
Likely secure,
2n = 32

NYFA: 4

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 (L.) Besser
ssp. hispida

Hispid yellow-cress Native, CoC: 10,
Likely secure

NYFA: 4

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 (Eaton) Palmer & Steyerm.

1822. Cochlearia armoracia  var. aquatica  Eaton
    Neobeckia aquatica (Eaton) Greene
1935. Rorippa aquaticain…
Lake water cress ...
Native, CoC: 9,
Threatened,
S2, G4?,
NYNHP: 2[1]

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 2

USDA-NN
FNA
Images
Wikispecies
 (Crantz) Besser

1762. Nasturtium austriacum Crantz
1764. Myagrum austriacum Jacq.
1807. Camelina austriaca Pers.
1822. Rorip(p)a austriaca Besser
1841. Cochlearia austriaca Ledeb.
1866. Brachylobus austriacus Schur
Austrian yellowcress,
Austrian yellow-cress,
Austrian field cress,
Austrian fieldgrass
Introduced

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
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ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
Images
Wikispecies
 (L.) Hiern

1763. Sisymbrium indicum L.
1821. Nasturtium indicum DC.
1832. Sinapis patens Roxb.
1861. Nasturtium montanum Wall.
1896. Rorippa indica Hiern
Indian yellow-cress,
Variableleaf yellowcress,
Variable-leaved yellow-cress
Introduced from
 Asia,
Impersistent
Bronx (1949),
Broome (2008)
NYFA: Xm

USDA-X0
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Images
Wikispecies
 (L.) Besser

1753. Sisymbrium sylvestre L.
1763. Radicula sylvestris Druce
1785. Brachiolobos sylvestris All.
1812. Nasturtium sylvestre W.T.Aiton
1821. Rorip(p)a sylvestris Besser
Creeping yellowcress,
Creeping yellow-cress,
Creeping fieldcress
Introduced from
 Eurasia

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
(Bergeret) Shinz & Thell.

Rorippa amphibia ×
Rorippa sylvestris

    
    
    
Prostrate yellow cress ...

Introduced,
Unk. naturalization

NYFA: U

Images
Wikispecies
Genus Rorippa (excluded taxa) Yellowcress N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Oeder ex Murray) Borbás

1768. Sisymbrium islandicum Oeder
1900. R. islandica (Oeder) Borbas
    
Northern marsh yellowcress ...
Marsh cress ...
Northern yellowcress ...
Yellow watercress ...

Introduced from
 Europe,
N.Y. excluded

NYFA-Excluded

USDA-X0
ARS-GRIN
Images
Wikispecies
 (L.) Besser

1753. Sisymbrium amphibium L.
1812. Nasturtium amphibium
(L.) W.T.Aiton
1821. R. amphibia (L.) Besser
Great yellow-cress ...
Great yellowcress ...
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
N.Y. excluded

NYFA-Excluded

USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
Images
Wikispecies
Subularia[edit | edit source]
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Cardamineae — Subularia
Genus Subularia Awlwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
ssp. americana G.A.Mulligan & Calder

1964. S. aquatica  ssp. americana  G.A.Mulligan & Calder
1966. S. aquatica  var. americana  (G.A.Mulligan & Calder) B.Boivin
American awlwort ...
American waterawlwort ...
American water awlwort ...
Awlwort ...

Subulaire d'Amérique ...
Native, CoC: 9,
Endangered

NYFA: 1-2

USDA-NN
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
Genus Subularia (excluded taxa) Awlwort N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
L.
ssp. aquatica

1753. Subularia aquatica L.
1823. Draba subularia Poir.
    
Water awlwort

N. America native
 Alaska
 Greenland,
N.Y. excluded

NYFA-Excluded

USDA-00
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
Armoracia[edit | edit source]
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Cardamineae — Armoracia
Genus Armoracia Armoracia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 G.Gaertn., B.Mey. & Scherb.

1753. Cochlearia armoracia L.
1800. Armoracia rusticana G.Gaertn., B.Mey. & Scherb.
Horseradish,
Mérédic,
Raifort cran
Introduced from
 eastern Europe,
Potentially invasive,
 Invasive.org: [6],
 USGS: L48 invasive,
Naturalized,
SNA, GNR

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X
NYFA: ? counties
iNat
GBIF
? counties

USDA-XX
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
Images
Wikispecies
Barbarea[edit | edit source]
Barbarea vulgaris
Yellow-rocket or wintercress (particularly Barbarea vulgaris) is common in disturbed fields.
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Cardamineae — Barbarea
Genus Barbarea Yellowrocket N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) W.T.Aiton

Yellow rocket,
Wintercress,
Garden yellow-rocket
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive,
 Invasive.org: [7],
 USGS: L48 invasive,
Naturalized

FAC-FACU

Biennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X
iNat
GBIF

USDA-XX
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Images
Wikispecies
 (Mill.) Asch.

Early yellowrocket,
Early wintercress,
Winter Belle Isle
Introduced

Biennial-Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X
iNat

USDA-XX
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ITIS
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Images
Wikispecies
Andrz.

1821. Barbarea stricta Andrz.
    Campe stricta (Andrz.) W. Wight ex Piper
Upright winter cress ...
Small-flowered winter cress ...
Introduced,
Naturalized,
SNA
Wayne (1936)
NYFA: X

FNA
Images
Wikispecies
Nasturtium[edit | edit source]
Nasturtium officinale
Note that the genus Nasturtium does not contain the cultivated ornamental plants commonly known as nasturtium, which are in the Tropaeolum genus above.
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Cardamineae — Nasturtium
Genus Nasturtium Watercress N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 W.T.Aiton

1753. Sisymbrium nasturtium Δ L. (i)
1812. Nasturtium officinale W.T.Aiton
1905. Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (L.) Hayek
Watercress Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
 NYIS: 66%[1]

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
Images
Wikispecies
 Bönn ex Reichenb.

1832. Nasturtium microphyllum Boenn. ex Rchb.
1948. Rorippa microphylla (Boenn. ex Rchb.) Hyl. ex Á.Löve & D.Löve
One-rowed yellowcress Introduced,
Highly invasive,
NYS Tier 2

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
Images
Wikispecies
 (Airy Shaw) Oefel.

Nasturtium microphyllum ×
Nasturtium officinale

Sterile water cress Introduced,
No specimens

NYFA: X

USDA-XN
Images
Wikispecies

Tribe Lepidieae[edit | edit source]

Lepidium[edit | edit source]
Lepidium virginicum
Out of the dozen Lepidium (pepperweed) species known to grow in the wild in New York, only Lepidium virginicum is considered to be native.
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Lepidieae — Lepidium
Genus Lepidium Pepperweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
ssp. virginicum

1753. Lepidium virginicum L.
1906. Lepidium virginicum  var. virginicum  autonym
1906. Lepidium virginicum  ssp. virginicum  autonym
1930. Lepidium virginicum  var. linearifolium  Farw.
1945. Lepidium virginicum  var. typicum  C.L. Hitchc. (i)
Poor-man's pepper,
Virginia pepperweed,
Wild peppergrass
Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

USDA-NX
Go Botany
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ITIS
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Images
Wikispecies
 Schrad.
var. densiflorum

1832. Lepidium densiflorum Schrad.
    
    
Prairie pepperweed,
Common pepperweed,
Prairie peppergrass,
Greenflower pepperweed,
Miner's pepperwort
Introduced from
 western North America,
Potentially invasive,
Naturalized

NYFA: X

USDA-MM
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ITIS
FNA
Images
Wikispecies
 (L.) W.T.Aiton

1812. Lepidium campestre (L.) W.T.Aiton
Field cress,
Field pepperweed,
Field peppergrass,
Cow-cress
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive,
Naturalized

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
Go Botany
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ITIS
FNA
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

1767. Lepidium didymum L.
1800. Coronopus didymus (L.) Small
1806. Senebiera didyma (L.) Pers.
1913. Carara didyma (L.) Britton
Lesser swinecress ...
Lesser swine's cress ...
Introduced from
 South America,
Naturalized

NYFA: X
GBIF

USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

1753. Lepidium draba L.
1815. Cardaria draba (L.) Desv.
Heart-podded hoary-cress,
Whitetop
Introduced,
Potentially invasive,
Naturalized

NYFA: X
GBIF

USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies
 Nutt.

1838. Lepidium nitidum Nutt.
1838. Lepidium leiocarpum Hook. & Arn.
1891. Lepidium oreganum Howell ex Greene
1891. Nasturtium nitidum Kuntze
1892. Lepidium tenuifolium Phil.
Shining pepperweed,
Tongue pepper-weed
Introduced from
 Washington,
 Oregon, California,
 Baja Norte

NYFA: Xm

USDA-N0
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Images
Wikispecies

Clasping pepperweed Introduced

NYFA: Xn

USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies

Roadside pepperweed Introduced

Biennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: Xn

USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

Gardencress pepperweed,
Garden pepper-grass
Cresson alénois
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 Africa

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
Images
Wikispecies
 L. (1753)

Cardaria latifolia
Broad-leaved pepper-grass,
Perennial pepperweed,
Tall pepperweed
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Highly invasive,
 NYIS: 79%[1]

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
Images
Wikispecies
 (L.) Al-Shehbaz

1753. Cochlearia coronopus L.
1775. Lepidium squamatum Forssk.
1803. Senebiera coronopus (L.) Cav.
1806. Senebiera coronopus (L.) Poir.
1860. Coronopus squamatus (Forssk.) Asch.
2004. Lepidium coronopus (L.) Al-Shehbaz
Greater swinecress ...
Creeping wart cress ...
Introduced

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
Images
Wikispecies
L.

1753. Lepidium chalepense L.
Lens-podded pepperweed ...
Lens-podded hoary cress ...
Introduced,
Unknown naturalization,
SNA
NYFA: 1 county
iNat: 1 county
NYFA: X
iNat

Images
Wikispecies
Genus Lepidium (excluded taxa) Pepperweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
var. bourgeauanum

Bourgeau's pepperweed Introduced,
N.Y. excluded

NYFA-Excluded

USDA-NN
Images
Wikispecies
 Benth.

Purpleanther field pepperweed Introduced,
N.Y. excluded

NYFA-Excluded

USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies

Tribe Descurainieae[edit | edit source]

Descurainia[edit | edit source]
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Descurainieae — Descurainia
Genus Descurainia Tansy mustard N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Walter) Britton (1894)
ssp. brachycarpa

Sophia brachycarpa
Northern tansy-mustard,
Western tansymustard,
Moutarde tanaisie
Native,
Endangered

NYFA: 1

USDA-NN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
Images
Wikispecies
 (Walter) Britton (1894)
ssp. pinnata

Western tansymustard,
Western tansy-mustard
Introduced,
N. America native,
No specimens

NYFA: X

Images
Wikispecies
 (L.) Webb ex Prantl

Herb Sophia Introduced,
Potentially invasive,
Naturalized

NYFA: Xn
GBIF

Images
Wikispecies

Tribe Boechereae[edit | edit source]

In 2003, Ihsan A. Al-Shehbaz recognized most of the North American species of Arabis as belonging to the genus Boechera.[1]

Borodinia[edit | edit source]
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Boechereae — Borodinia
Genus BorodiniaN.Busch (1921) Rock-cress N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 P.J.Alexander & Windham

1753. Arabis canadensis L.
1891. Erysimum canadense (L.) Kuntze
2003. Boechera canadensis (L.) Al-Shehbaz
2013. Borodinia canadensis (L.) P.J.Alexander & Windham
Sicklepod,
Sicklepod rockcress,
Canada rockcress
Arabette du Canada
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

NYFA: 5

USDA-NN
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FNA
Tropicos
BONAP
Images
Wikispecies
 P.J.Alexander & Windham

1800. Turritis laevigata Muhl. ex Willd.
1811. Arabis laevigata (Muhl. ex Willd.)
Poir.
2003. Boechera laevigata (Muhl. ex Willd.)
Al-Shehbaz
2013. Borodinia laevigata (Muhl. ex Willd.)
P.J.Alexander & Windham
Smooth rock-cress Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

USDA-NN
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Images
Wikispecies
 P.J.Alexander & Windham

1908. Arabis missouriensis Greene
1911. Arabis viridis Harger
1964. Arabis laevigatavar. missouriensis
2003. Boechera missouriensis (Greene)
Al-Shehbaz
2013. Borodinia missouriensis (Greene)
P.J.Alexander & Windham
Green rockcress,
Missouri rock-cress
Native,
Threatened

NYFA: 2

USDA-
Go Botany
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Images
Wikispecies
 P.J.Alexander & Windham

1840. Shortia dentata Raf.
1937. Arabis dentatavar. phalacrocarpa
1952. Arabis shortii (Fernald) Gleason
2003. Boechera shortii (Fernald)
Al-Shehbaz
2008. Boechera dentata (Raf.) Al-Shehbaz & Zarucchi
2013. Borodinia dentata (Raf.) P.J.Alexander & Windham
Toothed rock-cress Native,
Endangered,
No recent reports

NYFA: Z

USDA-NN
FNA
Images
Wikispecies
  1. Al-Shehbaz, I.A., 2003. Transfer of most North American species of Arabis to Boechera (Brassicaceae). Novon 13(4): 381-391.
Boechera[edit | edit source]
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Boechereae — Boechera
Genus BoecheraA.Löve & D.Löve Rock-cress N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Al-Shehbaz

1829. Turritis stricta Graham
1864. Arabis drummondii A. Gray
1975. Boechera drummondii (A. Gray)
Á.Löve & D.Löve
2003. B. stricta (Graham) Al-Shehbaz
Drummond's rock cress,
Canada rockcress,
Straight-up suncress
Arabette de Drummond
Native, CoC: 9,
Threatened,
NYNHP: 2[1]

NYFA: 2

Go Botany
VASCAN
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BONAP
Images
Wikispecies
 Windham & Al-Shehbaz

B. collinsii ×
B. stricta

1831. Turritis grahamii Lehm.
1894. Arabis brachycarpa (Torr.& A.Gray) Britton
2001. B. brachycarpa
(Torr.& A.Gray) Dorn
2007. B. grahamii
Lehm. Windham & Al-Shehbaz
Graham's rock cress,
Spreadingpod rock-cress,
Graham's suncress
Arabette de Graham
Native, CoC: 10,
Threatened,
NYNHP: 2[2]

NYFA: 2

USDA-NN
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Images
Wikispecies
Genus Boechera (excluded taxa) Rock-cress N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(A.Nelson) Á. Löve & D. Löve

B. retrofracta ×
B. sparsiflora ×
B. stricta

1900. Arabis divaricarpa A.Nelson
1917. Arabis stokesiae Rydb.
1975. B. divaricarpa
(A.Nelson) Á.Löve & D.Löve
Spreading-pod rockcress ...

Arabette à fruits divariqués ...
N. America native
 western U.S.,
N.Y. excluded

NYFA-Excluded

VASCAN
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies

B. holboellii ×
B. stricta

    
    
    
Quebec rockcress ...
Limestone rockcress ...

Arabette du Québec ...
N. America native
 Quebec,
N.Y. excluded

NYFA-Excluded

FNA
Images
Wikispecies

Tribe Erysimeae[edit | edit source]

Erysimum[edit | edit source]
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Erysimeae — Erysimum
Genus Erysimum Wallflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (S.Watson) MacMill.
var. inconspicuum

    Cheirinia inconspicua (S.Watson) Britton
    Erysimum parviflorum Nutt.
Small-flowered wall-flower ...
Shy wallflower ...
Small worm-seed mustard
Introduced from
 western N. America,
N. America native,
Impersistent

NYFA: Xm
GBIF

USDA-NN
ARS-GRIN
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

Wormseed mustard,
Wormseed wallflower,
Treacle mustard
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Naturalized

NYFA: X
GBIF

USDA-XX?
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

Tall wall-flower ...
Wormseed mustard ...
European wallflower ...
Tall rocket ...
Tall wormseed ...
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Naturalized

NYFA: X
GBIF

USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

    Erysimum repandum L.
    Cheirinia repanda (L.) Link
Spreading wallflower Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Unk. naturalization

NYFA: X
GBIF

USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies
(Nutt.) DC.

    
1821. E. asperum (Nutt.) DC.
    
Prairie wall-flower ...
Western wallflower ...

Introduced from
 western N. America,
 central N. America,
N. America native,
Not naturalized

NYFA: Xm
GBIF

USDA-NN
ARS-GRIN
Images
Wikispecies
Genus Erysimum (excluded taxa) Wallflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Douglas ex Hook.) Greene

1829. Cheiranthus capitatus
Douglas ex Hook.
1891. E. capitatum
(Douglas ex Hook.) Greene
    
Sanddune wallflower N. America native
 western N. America,
N.Y. excluded

NYFA-Excluded
GBIF

USDA-N0
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
Fisch. & C.A. Mey.

1838. E. perofskianum
Fisch. & C. A. Mey.
    
    
Afghan erysimum ...

Introduced,
N.Y. excluded

NYFA-Excluded
GBIF

USDA-X0
Images
Wikispecies

Tribe Camelineae[edit | edit source]

Turritis[edit | edit source]
Turritis glabra
The genus Turritis contains only two or three species worldwide. One of those (Turritis glabra) is found in much of the northern hemisphere, including New York.
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Camelineae — Turritis
Genus Turritis Towercress N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Turritis glabra L.
1800. Arabis glabra  (L.) Bernh.
1868. Psilarabis glabra  (L.) Fourr.
1891. Erysimum glabrum  (L.) Kuntze
1902. Crucifera turritis  E.H.L.Krause
Tower mustard ...
Tower rockcress ...
Native, CoC: 2,
Secure,
S5

Biennial (rarely perennial),
Herb-forb

NYFA: 5
iNat

USDA-NN
POWO
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Arabidopsis[edit | edit source]
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Camelineae — Arabidopsis
Genus ArabidopsisHeynh. Rockcress N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) O'Kane & Al-Shehbaz
 ssp. lyrata

1753. Arabis lyrata  L.
1753. Cardamine petraea  L.
1950. Cardaminopsis lyrata  (L.) Hiitonen
1997. Arabidopsis lyrata  (L.) O'Kane & Al-Shehbaz
Lyrate rockcress,
Lyreleaf rockcress,
Lyre-leaved rockcress
Arabette lyrée
Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

USDA-NN
ITIS
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
 (L.) Heynh.

1753. Arabis thaliana  L.
Mouseear cress,
Wall-cress
Introduced

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies
Genus Arabidopsis (excluded taxa) Rockcress N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) O'Kane & Al-Shehbaz
ssp. kamchatica (Fisch. ex DC.) O'Kane & Al-Shehbaz

1821. Arabis lyrata  ssp. kamchatica  Fisch. ex DC.
1997. Arabidopsis lyrata  ssp. kamchatica  (Fisch. ex DC.) O'Kane & Al-Shehbaz
Lyrate rockcress ...

N. America native
 western N. Am.
 northeast Asia,
N.Y. excluded

NYFA-Excluded

USDA-NN
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
Camelina[edit | edit source]
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Camelineae — Camelina
Genus Camelina False-flax N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Andrz. ex DC.

    C. microcarpa Andrz. ex DC.
    C. sativassp. microcarpa
Littlepod false flax,
Little-podded false flax
Introduced

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies
 (L.) Crantz
ssp. sativa

    Myagrum sativum L.
    Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz
    Camelina parodii
Dutch flax,
Gold-of-pleasure
Introduced

NYFA: X

USDA-XW
Images
Wikispecies
Capsella[edit | edit source]
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Camelineae — Capsella
Genus Capsella Capsella N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Medik.

    Thlaspi bursa-pastoris L.
    Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik.
Shepherd's purse Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Naturalized

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies
Neslia[edit | edit source]
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Camelineae — Neslia
Genus Neslia Neslia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Desv.

1753. Myagrum paniculatum L.
1814. N. paniculata (L.) Desv.
    
Ball mustard ...
Ballmustard ...
Common ball-mustard
Introduced from
 Belgium,
Unk. naturalization

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
Images
Wikispecies

Tribe Anastaticeae[edit | edit source]

Malcolmia[edit | edit source]
Brassicales — Brassicaceae — Anastaticeae — Malcolmia
Genus Malcolmia (excluded taxa) Malcolmia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) W.T.Aiton

1759. Cheiranthus maritimus L.
1778. Hesperis maritima (L.) Lam.
1812. M. maritima (L.) W.T.Aiton
1895. Wilckia maritima (L.) Halácsy
Virginia stock ...
Virginia-stock ...

Giroflée de Mahon ...
Julienne de Mahon ...
Malcolmie maritime ...
Introduced from
 southeast Europe,
N.Y. excluded

NYFA-Excluded

USDA-X0
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies