Flora of New York/Santalales

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Brassicales
Flora of New York — Santalales
Caryophyllales 1
Droseraceae, Plumbaginaceae, Polygonaceae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


The Santalales is a largely parasitic order of plants. The only one of its families that is known to have native or naturalized members in New York is the Santalaceae.

Family Santalaceae[edit]

The Santalaceae (sandalwood family) ... [1]

Comandra clade[edit]

Also treated as the Comandraceae[2] (bastard-toadflax family), this group contains only the two species bastard toadflax (Comandra umbellata) and false toadflax (Geocaulon lividum), both of which are native to New York.

Genus Comandra[edit]

Santalaceaegenus Comandra
Comandra Bastard-toadflax N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (L.) Nutt.
ssp. umbellata

1753. Thesium umbellatum  L.
1818. Comandra umbellata  Nutt.
1905. Comandra richardsiana  Fernald
1982. C. umbellata ssp. richardsiana Á&D.Löve
Bastard toadflax Native,
Secure
Comandra umbellata (4049302544).jpg
NYFA-5
USDA-NN

ARS ITIS



Images, wsp

Genus Geocaulon[edit]

Santalaceaegenus Geocaulon
Geocaulon False-toadflax N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Richardson) Fernald

1823. Comandra livida  Richardson
1921. Geocaulon lividum  Fernald
False toadflax Native,
Endangered
Geocaulon lividum BB-1913.png
NYFA-1
USDA-NN

ARS 



Images, wsp

Cervantesia clade[edit]

Also treated as the family Cervantesiaceae,[1] this is a group of parasitic flowering plants. Its only native or naturalized New York genus is Pyrularia.

Genus Pyrularia[edit]

Pyrularia contains only two species native to the Himalayas of China and one native to the southeastern United States.[1] Buffalonut (Pyrularia pubera) is a root-parasitic shrub, Native to the Appalachians and foothills from Southern Pennsylvania to Alabama and Georgia. [2] It appears to have naturalized on Long Island.

Santalaceaegenus Pyrularia
Pyrularia Buffalo-nut N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Michx.

1803. Pyrularia pubera  Michx.
Buffalo-nut,
Oil-nut
Introduced,
US South native
Pyrularia pubera NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngPyrularia pubera NRCS-2.jpg
NYFA-Xm
USDA-N0

ARS ITIS
Trop.


Images, wsp

Viscum clade[edit]

Also treated as the family Viscaceae[1] or tribe Visceae,[2] this group contains seven genera worldwide, two of which have single New York native species. These are branch parasites

Genus Arceuthobium[edit]

Arceuthobium pusillum or dwarf mistletoe parasitizes the branches of spruce, pine, and tamarack trees and is one of many causes for the deformations known as "witches brooms" seen on those trees.

Santalaceaegenus Arceuthobium
Arceuthobium Dwarf-mistletoe N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 Peck

1872. Arceuthobium pusillum  Peck
1891. Razoumofskya pusilla  Kuntze
Dwarf mistletoe,
Eastern dwarf-mistletoe
Native,
Vulnerable
Arceuthobium pusillum 1377003.jpg
NYFA-3?
USDA-NN
NEW 
ARS ITIS



Images, wsp

Genus Phoradendron[edit]

Santalaceaegenus Phoradendron
Phoradendron Mistletoe N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
(Raf.) Reveal & M.C.Johnst.

1817. Viscum leucarpum  Raf.[1]
1820. Viscum serotinum  Raf.
1911. non P. leucocarpum  Pacz.
1957. P. serotinum  M.C.Johnst.
1989. P. leucarpum  Reveal & M.C.Johnst.
American mistletoe,
Oak mistletoe,
Eastern mistletoe,
Hairy mistletoe
Native,
Extirpated
Mistletoe-3428.jpg
NYFA-Z
USDA-N0

ARS 



Images, wsp
  1. A pending conservation proposal would change the basionym of Phoradendron leucarpum from Viscum leucarpum to Viscum serotinum, avoiding the P. leucocarpum homonym and making the accepted name Phoradendron serotinum.