Flora of New York/Astereae

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Senecioneae, Calenduleae, Gnaphalieae
Flora of New York — Asterales : Asteraceae : Asteroideae : Astereae
Anthemideae, Inuleae, Helenieae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


The Astereae consist of the asters, goldenrods, and related plants. Recent nomenclatural changes have removed almost all of the North American asters from the Aster genus itself. A general reference used here for this trib is John C. Semple's Astereae Lab website.[1]
Order Family Subfamily Tribe Subtribe Genera G T
Asterales Asteraceae Asteroideae Astereae Bellidinae Bellis (English daisy, lawn daisy) 1 1
Asterinae Callistephus (China aster)
Tripolium (sea aster)
2 2
Baccharidinae Baccharis (baccharis) 1 1
(unplaced) Ericameria (rabbitbrush)
Ionactis (aster)
Oclemena (aster)
3 5
Solidagininae Sericocarpus (whitetop aster)
Euthamia (goldentop)
Oligoneuron (goldenrod)
Solidago (goldenrod)
4 41
Boltoniinae Boltonia (doll's daisy) 1 2
Machaerantherinae Machaeranthera, Dieteria (tansy aster)
Grindelia (gumweed)
3 6
Symphyotrichinae Doellingeria (whitetop)
Symphyotrichum (aster)
2 38
(unplaced) Eurybia (aster) 1 6
Chrysopsidinae Pityopsis (silkgrass)
Chrysopsis (goldenaster)
Heterotheca (false goldenaster)
3 3
Chrysopsidinae Conyza (horseweed)
Erigeron (fleabane)
3 10

Subtribe Bellidinae[edit | edit source]

Bellis[edit | edit source]

Bellis perennis, English lawn daisy
Bellis contains about 15 Old-world species commonly known as daisies. Of these, only the lawn daisy is known to have naturalized to any extent in New York or the rest of North America.[1] A number of cultivars have been developed for horticultural purposes, and it's also considered to be a common lawn weed.
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Bellidinae — Bellis
Genus Bellis Daisy N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Bellis perennis L.
English daisy ...
Lawn-daisy ...
Lawndaisy ...
Lawn daisy ...
European daisy

Pâquerette vivace
Pâquerette pérennante
Pâquerette
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 Morocco,
Naturalized

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X

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Subtribe Asterinae[edit | edit source]

Callistephus[edit | edit source]

Callistephus chinensis, China aster
The genus Callistephus contains the single species Callistephus chinensis or China aster. It is used horticulturally, with cultivars that vary widely in color from white, red, blue, and yellow, to shades in between. It only occasionally escapes cultivation.
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Asterinae — Callistephus
Genus CallistephusCass. China aster N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Nees

1753. Aster chinensis L.
1817. Callistemma hortense Cass.
1825. Callistephus hortensis (Cass.) Cass.
1832. Callistephus chinensis (L.) Nees
1909. Callistemma chinense (L.) Skeels
China aster,
Annual aster,
Chinese-aster
Reine marguerite
Introduced from
 China,
Not naturalized

Annual,
Herb-forb

NYFA: Xnn

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Tripolium[edit | edit source]

Tripolium pannonicum, sea aster
The only Tripolium species found in New York is the Eurasian Tripolium pannonicum or sea aster. The only vouchered specimen was collected in Manhattan. It is not considered to have naturalized in the state.
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Asterinae — Tripolium
Genus TripoliumNees Sea aster N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Jacq.) Dobrocz.

1753. Aster tripolium L.
1832. Tripolium vulgare Nees (i)
1925. Aster tripoliumssp. pannonicus
1962. Tripolium pannonicum (Jacq.) Dobrocz.
Sea aster
Aster de Hongrie
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 n. Africa,
Not naturalized

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X

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Subtribe Baccharidinae[edit | edit source]

Baccharis[edit | edit source]

Baccharis halimifolia,
groundsel tree
The only species of Baccharis growing wild in New York is eastern baccharis or groundsel-tree, a small tree or shrub, native to the Atlantic and Gulf coastal plain, and found in saline habitats from Nova Scotia to Mexico. This plant is considered to be weedy in the south and highly invasive in Australia, France, and Spain where it has been introduced.[1]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Baccharidinae — Baccharis
Genus Baccharis Baccharis N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Baccharis halimifolia L.
1836. B. halimifoliavar. angustior
Groundsel tree
Groundsel-tree
Groundseltree
Eastern baccharis
Sea myrtle
Consumption-weed
Eastern false willow
Saltbush
groundsel-bush

Baccharis à feuilles d'arroche
Native,
Secure

FACW

Perennial,
Tree, shrub

NYFA: 5

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Subtribe "ericamerioid asters"[edit | edit source]

Unplaced "Ericamerioid" genera

Ionactis[edit | edit source]

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — unplaced — Ionactis
Genus Ionactis Aster N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Greene

1753. Aster linariifolius L.
1832. Diplostephium linariifolium
(L.) Nees
1834. D. linariifolius (L.) Hook.
1897. Ionactis linariifolia (L.) Greene
1914. Aster linariifoliusvar. victorinii
 auct. Ionactis linariifoliusorth. var.
Flaxleaf whitetop aster,
Flaxleaf ankle-aster,
Flax-leaved aster,
Stiff-leaved aster,
Flax-leaved stiff aster,
Savory-leaf aster
Aster à feuilles de linaire
Native,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 4

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Oclemena[edit | edit source]

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — unplaced — Oclemena
Genus Oclemena Aster N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Michx.) Greene

Aster acuminatus Michx.
Whorled aster,
Whorled wood aster
Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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 (Aiton) Greene

Bog aster Native,
Vulnerable

NYFA: 3

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 (Porter) G.L.Nesom

Oclemena acuminata ×
Oclemena nemoralis

    Aster blakei (Porter) House
Blake's aster Native,
No recent reports

NYFA: Z

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Ericameria[edit | edit source]

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — unplaced — Ericameria
Genus Ericameria Goldenbush N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Pursh) G.L.Nesom & G.I.Baird
var. oreophila (A. Nelson) G.L.Nesom & G.I.Baird

1900. Chrysothamnus oreophilus
A.Nelson
1902. C. consimilis Greene
1902. C. pinifolius Greene
1919. C. nauseosusvar. pinifolius
1995. E. nauseosavar. oreophila
Rubber rabbitbrush Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent

NYFA: X

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Subtribe Solidagininae[edit | edit source]

Sericocarpus[edit | edit source]

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Solidagininae — Sericocarpus
Genus SericocarpusNees (1832) Whitetop aster N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.

1888. Sericocarpus asteroides (L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
Toothed whitetop aster,
Toothed white-topped aster
Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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 (L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.

1888. Sericocarpus linifolius (L.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
Narrowleaf whitetop aster,
Narrow-leaved aster
Native,
Threatened

NYFA: 2

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Gutierrezia[edit | edit source]

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Solidagininae — Gutierrezia
Genus Gutierrezia Snakeweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Pursh) Britton & Rusby

Broom snakeweed Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent

NYFA: Xm

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Euthamia[edit | edit source]

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Solidagininae — Euthamia
Genus Euthamia Goldentop N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Nutt.

1753. Chrysocoma graminifolia L.
1767. Solidago lanceolata L.
1796. Solidago graminifolia (L.) Salisb.
1840. Euthamia graminifolia (L.) Nutt.
1918. Solidago nuttallii (Greene) Bush
1946. Solidago hirtipes Fernald
Common flat-topped-goldenrod,
Flat-topped fragrant goldenrod,
Flat-top goldentop,
Grass-leaved goldenrod,
Common grass-leaved goldenrod,
Fragrant goldenrod,
Narrow-leaved goldentop
Verge d'or à feuilles de graminée,
Verge d'or graminifoliée
Native, CoC: 1,
Secure

FACW-FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 5

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 (L.) Greene ex Porter & Britton

1753. Erigeron carolinianus L.
1814. Solidago tenuifolia Pursh
1818. Euthamia tenuifolia (Pursh) Nutt.
1840. S. tenuifoliavar. glutinosa
1840. S. tenuifoliavar. microcephala
1894. Eu. caroliniana
(L.) Greene ex Porter & Britton
1818. Eu. tenuifolia (Pursh) Greene
1902. Eu. media Greene
1902. Eu. microcephala Greene
1902. Eu. remota Greene
1911. Eu. galetorum Greene
1921. S. tenuifoliavar. pycnocephala
1983. Eu. tenuifoliavar. pycnocephala
Slender flattop goldenrod,
Slender goldentop,
Grass-leaved goldenrod,
Coastal-plain goldentop,
Coastal-plain
  grass-leaved goldenrod
Native, CoC: 4,
Vulnerable

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 3-4

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Solidago[edit | edit source]

[1]

Solidago sect. Ptarmicoidei[edit | edit source]

Solidago ohioensis
Ohio goldenrod
Solidago sect. Ptarmicoidei has been segregated into genus Oligoneuron by some authors.[1][2]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Solidagininae — Solidago sect. Ptarmicoidei
Genus Solidagosect. Ptarmicoidei Flat-topped goldenrod N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Torr. & A.Gray) B.Boivin

1818. Inula alba Nutt.
1832. Doellingeria ptarmicoides Nees
1841. Aster ptarmicoides Torr. & A.Gray
1910. Unamia alba (Nutt.) Rydb.
1972. Solidago ptarmicoides B.Boivin
1993. Oligoneuron album (Nutt.) G.L.Nesom
1999. Solidago asteroides Semple
Upland white
  flat-topped-goldenrod,
Prairie goldenrod,
Upland white goldenrod,
White flat-topped-goldenrod,
White sneezewort
Verge d'or faux-ptarmica
Native, CoC: 9,
Rare

NYFA: 3

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 Riddell

1835. Solidago ohioensis Riddell
1891. Aster ohioensis Kuntze
1942. Oligoneuron ohioense G.N.Jones
 auct. Solidago houghtoniinon Torr. & A.Gray
Ohio goldenrod,
Ohio flat-topped goldenrod
Verge d'or d'Ohio
Native, CoC: 10,
Threatened,
NYNHP: 2[1]

NYFA: 2

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 L.

1753. Solidago rigida L.
1808. Solidago grandiflora
1891. Aster rigidus (L.) Kuntze
1903. Oligoneuron rigidum (L.) Small
1933. Oligoneuron grandiflorum (Raf.) Small
Stiff goldenrod,
Stiff flat-topped-goldenrod,
Stiff-leaved goldenrod,
Rigid goldenrod
Verge d'or rigide
Native, CoC: 3,
Threatened,
NYNHP: 2[2]

NYFA: 2

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 Torr. & A.Gray ex A.Gray

1848. Solidago houghtonii Torr. & A.Gray
1891. Aster houghtonii Kuntze
1993. Oligoneuron houghtonii G.L.Nesom
Houghton's goldenrod
Verge d'or de Houghton
Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered

NYFA: 1

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Note: FWS
Genus Solidagosect. Ptarmicoidei (potential hybrids) Flat-topped goldenrod N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Solidago × krotkovii
 B.Boivin

Solidago ohioensis ×
Solidago ptarmicoides

1967. Solidago × krotkovii B.Boivin
1993. Oligoneuron × krotkovii G.L.Nesom
Krotkov's goldenrod,
Hybrid of
 ohio goldenrod &
 prairie goldenrod
Verge d'or de Krotkov
Native,
Unreported

NYFA: 0

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Solidago sect. Unilaterales[edit | edit source]

Solidago section Unilaterales was formerly treated as Solidago subsect. Triplinerviae of sect. Solidago

Solidago canadensis (Canada goldenrod) is said to be allelopathic to sugar maple (Acer saccharum) seedlings.

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Solidagininae — Solidago sect. Solidago
Genus Solidagosubsect. Triplinerviae Goldenrod N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Aiton

1781. Solidago serotina Aiton illeg.
1789. Solidago gigantea Aiton
1834. Solidago pitcheri Nutt.
1943. Solidago × leiophallax Friesner
1982. Solidago serotinoides Á.& D.Löve
Swamp goldenrod,
Giant goldenrod,
Smooth goldenrod,
Late goldenrod
Verge d’or géante
Native, CoC: 3,
Secure

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 5

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ssp. altissima

1753. Solidago altissima L.
1803. Solidago scabra Muhl. ex Willd.
1842. Solidago canadensis
var. scabra Torr. & A.Gray
Tall goldenrod,
Late goldenrod,
Canada goldenrod,
Double goldenrod
Verge d'or haute
Native, CoC: 1,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 5

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var. canadensis

Canada goldenrod Native, CoC: 0,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 5

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var. hargeri

Harger's goldenrod Native, CoC: 0,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 5

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B. Boivin

Solidago canadensis ×
Solidago sempervirens

    
    
    
Erskine's goldenrod,
Hybrid of
 Canada goldenrod &
 seaside goldenrod
Native,
Unranked

NYFA: U

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Solidago sect. Solidago[edit | edit source]

Solidago subsect. Argutae[edit | edit source]
Solidago patula Muhl. ex Willd.
rough-leaved goldenrod

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Solidagininae — Solidago sect. Solidago subsect. Argutae
Genus Solidagosubsect. Argutae Goldenrod N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Aiton
var. arguta

1789. Solidago arguta Aiton
1891. Aster arguta (Aiton) Kuntze
1933. Solidago tarda Mack. ex Small
Atlantic goldenrod,
Cut-leaved goldenrod,
Sharp-leaved goldenrod,
Forest goldenrod,
Late goldenrod
Verge d'or à dents pointues
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure

FACU-UPL

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 5

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 Muhl. ex Willd.

Rough-leaved goldenrod,
Roundleaf goldenrod
Verge d'or étalée
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 5

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Solidago subsect. Glomeruliflorae[edit | edit source]

Goldenrods of subsection Glomeruliflorae are primarily shade-dwelling plants that are found in and on the edges of forests.

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Solidagininae — Solidago sect. Solidago
Genus Solidagosubsect. Glomeruliflorae Goldenrod N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
var. caesia

1753. Solidago caesia L.
1808. Solidago gracilis Poir.
1814. Solidago axillaris Pursh
1836. Solidago lateriflora Raf. ex DC. non L.
1882. Solidago caesiavar. axillaris A.Gray
1882. Solidago caesiavar. paniculata A.Gray
1891. Aster caesius Kuntze
1921. Solidago caesiafo. axillaris House
Blue-stemmed goldenrod,
Wreath goldenrod,
Axillary goldenrod,
Woodland goldenrod
Verge d'or bleuâtre
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Sun, Part Shade

NYFA: 5

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    Solidago latifolia
Zigzag goldenrod,
Zig-zag goldenrod,
Broad-leaved goldenrod
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure

FACU,
Sun, Part Shade, Shade

NYFA: 5

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Solidago mensalis
Large-leaved goldenrod,
Largeleaf goldenrod
Native, CoC: 9,
Likely secure

NYFA: 4

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Solidago caesia × flexicaulis

Solidago caesia ×
Solidago flexicaulis

Hybrid of
 bluestem goldenrod &
 zigzag goldenrod
Native, CoC: x,
Unranked

NYFA: U

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Solidago subsect. Humiles[edit | edit source]

Solidago sect. Solidago subsect. Humiles[1]

Semple and Peirson (2013) promoted the two rare New York varieties of Rand's goldenrod (S. simplex vars. monticola/randii & racemosa) to species level.[2]

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Solidagininae — Solidago sect. Solidago
Genus Solidagosubsect. Humiles Goldenrod N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Porter) Britton

1893. Solidago virgaurea  var. randii  Porter
1901. Solidago randii (Porter) Britton
1908. Solidago randii  var. monticola  (Porter) Fernald
1952. Solidago spathulata  ssp. randii  (Porter) Cronquist ex Gleason
1991. Solidago simplex ssp. randii var. monticola
1991. Solidago simplex  var. monticola  (Porter) G.S.Ringius (i)
1991. Solidago simplex  ssp. randii  (Porter) G.S.Ringius
1991. Solidago simplex ssp. randii var. randii
1991. Solidago simplex  var. randii  (Porter) Kartesz & Gandhi (i)
Rand's goldenrod,
Mountain goldenrod,
Rand's mountain goldenrod
Native, CoC: 9,
Threatened,
NYNHP: 2[3]

NYFA: 2

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Greene

1897. Solidago racemosa Greene
1952. S. spathulata ssp. randii var. racemosa
1952. S. spathulata  var. racemosa  (Greene) Gleason (i)
1991. S. simplex ssp. randii var. racemosa
1991. S. simplex  var. racemosa  (Greene) G.S.Ringius (i)
Riverbank goldenrod,
Racemose goldenrod,
Rand's riverbank goldenrod
Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered,
NYNHP: 1[4]

NYFA: 1

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Genus Solidagosubsect. Humiles (excluded) Goldenrod N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
DC.

1836. Solidago spathulata DC.
1840. Homopappus spathulatus (DC.) Nutt.
1891. Aster candollei Kuntze
1994. S. simplex  var. spathulata  (DC.) Cronquist
Coast goldenrod,
Dune goldenrod,
Mt. Albert goldenrod
N. America native
 western U. S.,
N.Y. excluded

NYFA-Excluded

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Solidago subsect. Junceae[edit | edit source]

As its name suggests, early goldenrod (Solidago juncea) is one of the first goldenrods to flower. If flowers from July through September.

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Solidagininae — Solidago sect. Solidago
Genus Solidagosubsect. Junceae Goldenrod N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Aiton

1789. Solidago juncea Aiton
1842. S. argutavar. juncea
1891. S. junceavar. ramosa
1947. S. junceavar. neobohemica
Early goldenrod
Verge d’or jonciforme,
Solidage élancée
Native,
Secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 5

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Solidago subsect. Maritimae[edit | edit source]
Solidago sempervirens,
northern seaside goldenrod
Subsection Maritimae
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Solidagininae — Solidago sect. Solidago
Genus Solidagosubsect. Maritimae Goldenrod N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
L.

1753. Solidago sempervirens L.
1891. Aster sempervirens (L.) Kuntze
1915. S. sempervirensvar. sempervirens
2003. S. sempervirensssp. sempervirens
Seaside goldenrod,
Salt-marsh goldenrod,
Evergreen goldenrod
Verge d'or toujours verte,
Solidage toujours verte
Native, CoC: 4,
Likely secure

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 4

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 Nutt.

1834. Solidago uliginosa Nutt.
1842. S. terrae-novae Torr. & A. Gray
1891. Aster uliginosus (Nutt.) Kuntze
1891. Aster terrae-novae
(Torr. & A. Gray) Kuntze
Bog goldenrod,
Northern bog goldenrod
Verge d'or des marais
Native, CoC: 8,
Vulnerable

OBL

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 3-4

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Solidago subsect. Nemorales[edit | edit source]
Solidago Nemoralis
gray goldenrod
Gray goldenrod grows in thin poor soil, usually thriving in dry sites with very few competing herbaceous plants.
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Solidagininae — Solidago sect. Solidago
Genus Solidagosubsect. Nemorales Goldenrod N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Aiton
var. nemoralis

1789. Solidago nemoralis Aiton
    
    
Gray goldenrod,
Old-field goldenrod,
Field goldenrod,
Dyersweed goldenrod
Verge d'or des bois
Native, CoC: 3,
Secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 5

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Solidago subsect. Squarrosae[edit | edit source]
Solidago bicolor
Solidago subsection Squarrosae A. Gray includes 9 to 14 species, mostly native to central and eastern North America.[1]

Proposed Solidago speciosa segregation:[2]

  • Solidago speciosa (s.l.) → [S. speciosa (s.s.), S. jejunifolia, S. pallida]
  • Solidago speciosa var. speciosaSolidago speciosa (s.s.), Solidago jejunifolia
  • Solidago speciosa var. jejunifoliaSolidago jejunifolia
  • Solidago speciosa var. pallidaSolidago pallida
  • Solidago speciosa var. rigidiusculaSolidago rigidiuscula
  • Solidago speciosa var. erectaSolidago erecta

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Solidagininae — Solidago sect. Solidago
Genus Solidagosubsect. Squarrosae Goldenrod N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

    
    
    
Silverrod,
Silver-rod,
White goldenrod
Native, CoC: 6,
Secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 5

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 Nutt.

Stout goldenrod,
Ragged goldenrod,
Squarrose goldenrod
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 5

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var. hispida

Hairy goldenrod Native, CoC: 7,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 4

USDA-NN
Images
Wikispecies
var. puberula

Downy goldenrod Native, CoC: 6,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 4

USDA-NN
Images
Wikispecies
 Nutt.

    Solidago speciosa Nutt.
Showy goldenrod Native, CoC: 5,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 4

USDA-N0
Images
Wikispecies
Genus Solidagosubsect. Squarrosae (excluded taxa) Goldenrod N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

    Solidago porteri
    S. speciosa  var. erecta  {{{5}}}
    
Showy goldenrod,
Porter's goldenrod,
Slender goldenrod
N. America native
 eastern U.S.,
N.Y. excluded

Perennial,
Herb-forb

USDA-N0
FNA
Images
Wikispecies
Solidago subsect. Venosae[edit | edit source]
Solidago rugosa
wrinkle-leaved goldenrod

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Solidagininae — Solidago sect. Solidago
Genus Solidagosubsect. Venosae Goldenrod N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Mill.
var. rugosa

1768. Solidago rugosassp. rugosa Mill.
1803. Solidago scabra Muhl. ex Willd.
Wrinkle-leaved goldenrod,
Rough-stemmed goldenrod,
Tall hairy goldenrod,
Butterweed
Verge d'or rugueuse,
Solidage rugueuse
Native, CoC: 1,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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var. aspera

    Solidago aspera
    Solidago drummondii
    
Southern wrinkle-leaved goldenrod,
Southern wrinkleleaf goldenrod,
Southern wrinkled goldenrod
Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered

NYFA: 1

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var. sphagnophila

Solidago aestivalis
Swamp wrinkleleaf goldenrod,
Swamp roughstem goldenrod
Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered

NYFA: Z

Images
Wikispecies
 Muhl. ex Willd. (1803)
var. ulmifolia

Elmleaf goldenrod,
Elm-leaved goldenrod
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 5

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var. odora

Sweet goldenrod,
Anise-scented goldenrod
Native, CoC: 6,
Likely secure

NYFA: 4

USDA-N0
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    Solidago edisoniana
    Solidago elliottii
    Solidago elliptica
    Solidago mirabilis
Elliott's goldenrod Native, CoC: 6,
Endangered

NYFA: 1

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Solidago rugosa ×
Solidago sempervirens

Hybrid of
 wrinkle-leaved goldenrod &
 seaside goldenrod
Native,
No recent reports

NYFA: Z?

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Solidago subsect. Multiradiatae[edit | edit source]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Solidagininae — Solidago sect. Solidago
Genus Solidagosubsect. Multiradiatae Goldenrod N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 DC.

1824. Solidago virgaureavar. alpina Bigelow
1836. Solidago leiocarpa DC.
1908. Solidago cutleri Fernald
 auct. S. multiradiatavar. arctica non Fernald
Cutler's goldenrod,
Alpine goldenrod,
Cutler's alpine goldenrod,
New England goldenrod
Verge d'or de Cutler
Native,
Threatened,
NYNHP: 2[1]

Perennial,
Herb

NYFA: 2

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Subtribe Boltoniinae[edit | edit source]

Boltonia[edit | edit source]

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Boltoniinae — Boltonia
Genus Boltonia Doll's daisy N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) L'Hér.
var. asteroides

White doll's daisy Introduced,
N. America native

NYFA: X

USDA-N0
ITIS
NatureServe
BONAP
Images
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var. recognita

Boltonia recognita
White doll's daisy Introduced,
N. America native

NYFA: X

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Subtribe Machaerantherinae[edit | edit source]

The Machaerantherinae contains the tansyasters and gumweeds, which are native to western North America, but several of their species have naturalized in New York State.

Xanthisma[edit | edit source]

The Xanthisma genus, known as sleepy-daisy.

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Machaerantherinae — Xanthisma
Genus Xanthisma Sleepy-daisy N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(Nutt.) D.R.Morgan & R.L.Hartm.

1848. Dieteria gracilis Nutt.
1849. Haplopappus gracilis (Nutt.) A.Gray
1894. Eriocarpum gracile (Nutt.) Greene
1904. Sideranthus gracilis (Nutt.) A.Nelson
1950. Machaeranthera gracilis
(Nutt.) Shinners
1962. Haplopappus ravenii R.C.Jacks.
2003. Xanthisma gracile
(Nutt.) D.R.Morgan & R.L.Hartm.
Slender goldenweed,
Grass-leaved tansy-aster,
Annual Bristleweed
Introduced from
 southwest U.S.,
 northern Mexico,
N. America native,
Impersistent,
Not naturalized

NYFA: Xm

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Machaeranthera[edit | edit source]

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Machaerantherinae — Machaeranthera
Genus Machaeranthera Tansyaster N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Kunth) Nees

Tansey-aster,
Tansey-leaved tansyaster
Introduced,
N. America native,
Not naturalized

NYFA: Xm

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Dieteria[edit | edit source]

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Machaerantherinae — Dieteria
Genus Dieteria Tansyaster N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Pursh) Nutt.
var. canescens

    Machaeranthera canescens
ssp. canescens
Desert aster,
Hoary aster,
Hoary tansyaster
Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent

NYFA: X

USDA-NN
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Note: ITIS

Grindelia[edit | edit source]

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Machaerantherinae — Grindelia
Genus Grindelia Gumweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Hook. & Arn.

Hairy gumweed Introduced,
N. America native,
Impersistent

NYFA: X

USDA-NN
Images
Wikispecies
 (Pursh) Dunal
var. serrulata

Curlycup gumweed Introduced,
N. America native,
Questionable[1]

NYFA: X

USDA-NN
Images
Wikispecies
 (Pursh) Dunal
var. squarrosa

Curlycup gumweed,
Tarweed
Introduced,
N. America native

NYFA: X

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  1. The only vouchered specimen of Grindelia squarrosa var. serrulata was found at Cornell University (Tompkins County) and turned out to be G. hirsutula.

Subtribe Symphyotrichinae[edit | edit source]

The Symphyotrichinae...

Doellingeria[edit | edit source]

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Symphyotrichinae — Doellingeria
Genus DoellingeriaNees Whitetop N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Mill.) Nees
var. umbellata

Aster umbellatus Mill.
Parasol whitetop,
Tall flat-topped white aster
Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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 (Michx.) Greene

1803. Aster infirmus Michx.
1803. A. humilis Willd.
1888. A. umbellatus  var. humilis  (Willd.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.
1896. D. infirma (Michx.) Greene
1898. D. humilis (Willd.) Britton
1912. D. umbellata  ssp. humilis  (Willd.) W.Stone
Cornel-leaf whitetop,
Cornel-leaved aster
Native,
Likely secure

NYFA: 4

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Genus Doellingeria (excluded taxa) Whitetop N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Mill.) Nees
var. pubens (A.Gray) Britton

1884. Aster umbellatus  var. pubens  A.Gray
1898. D. umbellata  var. pubens  (A.Gray) Britton
1947. A. pubentior Cronquist
1982. D. umbellata  ssp. pubens   (A.Gray) Á.Löve & D.Löve
Parasol whitetop

N. America native,
N.Y. excluded

NYFA-Excluded

USDA-NN
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos
LBJ
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 Small

1884. Aster umbellatus  var. latifolius  A. Gray
1898. D. sericocarpoides Small
1900. A. sericocarpoidesin…
1924. D. umbellata  var. latifolia  (A. Gray) House
1940. A. umbellatus  var. brevisquamus  Fernald
Southern whitetop N. America native,
N.Y. excluded

NYFA-Excluded

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Symphyotrichum[edit | edit source]

Classification from FNA as summarized in University of Waterloo, Astereae Lab website.

Symphyotrichum subg. Symphyotrichum[edit | edit source]

Symphyotrichum sect. Symphyotrichum[edit | edit source]
Symphyotrichum subsect. Heterophylli[edit | edit source]
Aster lowrieanus
Lowrie’s aster
Subsection Heterophylli (Nees) Semple includes the heart-leaved panicled asters.[1]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Symphyotrichinae — Symphyotrichum subg. Symphyotrichum sect. Symphyotrichum subsect. Heterophylli
Genus Symphyotrichumsubsect. Heterophylli Heart-leaved asters N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) G.L.Nesom

1753. Aster cordifolius L.
1941. A. finkiivar. moratus Shinners
1894. A. lowrieanusvar. incisus Porter
1903. A. plumarius E.S.Burgess
1803. A. sagittifolius Wedem. ex Willd.
1995. S. sagittifolium G.L.Nesom
1995. S. cordifolium G.L.Nesom
Heartleaf aster,
Heart-leaved aster,
Common blue wood aster
Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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 (Porter) G.L.Nesom

1889. Aster cordifolius  var. laevigatus  Porter
1894. Aster lowrieanus Porter
1980. Aster cordifolius  ssp. laevigatus  A.G.Jones
1995. S. lowrieanum (Porter) G.L.Nesom
Fall aster,
Lowrie's blue wood aster
Native,
Likely secure

NYFA: 4

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 (L.) Á.Löve & D.Löve
var. laeve

    Aster laevisvar. concinnus
Smooth blue aster Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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 (L.) G.L.Nesom

Wavy-leaved aster Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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Wikispecies
 (Lindl.) G.L.Nesom

    Aster hirtellus Lindl.
    Aster urophyllus Lindl.
    Aster sagittifoliusvar. urophyllus
Arrow-leaved aster Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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 (Riddell) G.L.Nesom
var. oolentangiense

Skyblue aster Native,
Endangered

NYFA: 1

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 (Lindl.) Á.Löve & D.Löve

    Aster ciliolatus
    Aster lindleyanus
    Aster maccallae
    Aster saundersii
    Aster subgeminatus
    Aster wilsonii
Lindley's aster Native,
Endangered

NYFA: 1

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 (E.S.Steele) G.L.Nesom

Symphyotrichum cordifolium ×
Symphyotrichum laeve var. laeve

1911. Aster schistosus E.S.Steele
1911. A. × schistosus E.S.Steele
1994. S. schistosum G.L.Nesom
1994. S. × schistosum G.L.Nesom
Hybrid of
 Heartleaf aster &
 Smooth blue aster

Images
Wikispecies
Symphyotrichum subsect. Dumosi[edit | edit source]
Symphyotrichum lateriflorum
The Dumosi asters (Symphyotrichum subsect. Dumosi) asters native to most of North America, Mexico and the northern West Indies.[1] There are about eight species (13 taxa overall) of this subsection that are native to New York State.

The USDA-NRCS Plants database list the four varieties of calico aster (Symphyotrichum lateriflorum) as present in New York. However, the New York Flora Atlas, citing Flora of North America (Brouillet et al. 2006), does not attempt to break the species down into infraspecific taxa.


Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Symphyotrichinae — Symphyotrichum subg. Symphyotrichum sect. Symphyotrichum subsect. Dumosi
Genus Symphyotrichumsubsect. Dumosi American aster N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Á.Löve & D.Löve

1753. Solidago lateriflora L.
1783. Aster vimineus Lam.
1829. A. horizontalis Desf.
1889. A. lateriflorus (L.) Britton
1895. A. lateriflorus  var. horizontalis  (Desf.) Farw.
1898. A. lateriflorus  var. pendulus
1903. A. agrostifolius Burgess
1928. A. lateriflorus  var. angustifolius  Wiegand
1928. A. lateriflorus  var. tenuipes  Wiegand
1944. A. acadiensis Shinners
1982. Sy. lateriflorum (L.) Á.Löve & D.Löve
1995. Sy. lateriflorum  var. angustifolium  G.L.Nesom
1995. Sy. lateriflorum  var. tenuipes  G.L.Nesom
1995. Sy. lateriflorum  var. horizontale  (Desf.) G.L. Nesom
Calico aster,
Calico American-aster,
One-sided aster,
Small white aster,
White woodland aster,
Starved aster,
Slender-stalked calico aster
Aster latériflore,
Aster à pédoncule mince
Native,
Secure

FAC-FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 5

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 (Willd.) G.L.Nesom
var. lanceolatum

    Aster simplex Willd.
White panicle aster,
Lance-leaved Aster
Native,
Secure

FACW

NYFA: 5

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 (Willd.) G.L.Nesom
var. interior

    Aster interior
    Aster lanceolatusssp. interior
    Aster simplexvar. interior
White panicle aster,
Lance-leaved Aster
Native,
Endangered

FACW

NYFA: Z

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 (L.) G.L.Nesom

1753. Aster dumosus L.
1995. S. dumosum G.L.Nesom
Bushy aster,
Rice-button aster,
Short-stalk aster
Aster nain d'automne
Native,
Vulnerable

NYFA: 3-4

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 (Wiegand) G.L.Nesom

1928. Aster ontarionis Wiegand
1931. Aster pantotrichus S.F.Blake
1995. Symphyotrichum ontarionisin…
Bottomland aster ...
Ontario aster ...

Aster du lac Ontario ...
Native,
Vulnerable

NYFA: 3

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 (Poir.) G.L. Nesom

1783. Aster salicifolius Lam.
1841. Aster carneus T.& G.
    S. praealtum (Poir.) G.L.Nesom
Willowleaf aster,
Willow-leaved aster
Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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Note: [1]
 (Elliott) G.L.Nesom

Small white aster,
Smooth white
    oldfield aster
Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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 (L.) G.L.Nesom

Shore aster Native,
Likely secure

NYFA: 4-5

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 (Torr. & Gray) A.& D. Löve

    Aster borealis
    Aster franklinianus
    Aster junceus
    Aster junciformis
    Aster laxifoliusvar. borealis
Boreal aster,
Northern bog aster,
Rush American-aster
Native,
Threatened

NYFA: 2

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S. boreale × lanceolatum

Symphyotrichum boreale ×
Symphyotrichum lanceolatum

Hybrid of
 Boreal aster &
 Calico aster
Native,
Unranked

NYFA: U

Images
Wikispecies
  1. The New York Flora Atlas is not clear which of the two varieties of Symphyotrichum praealtum occur in NY
Symphyotrichum subsect. Porteriani[edit | edit source]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Symphyotrichinae — Symphyotrichum subg. Symphyotrichum sect. Symphyotrichum subsect. Porteriani
Genus Symphyotrichumsubsect. Porteriani Aster N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Willd.) Nesom
var. pilosum

    Aster ericoidesvar. platyphyllus
    Aster ericoidesvar. villosus
    Aster juniperinus
    Aster pilosusvar. pilosus
    Aster pilosusvar. platyphyllus
    Aster ramosissimus
    Aster villosus
Frost-weed aster,
Hairy white old-field aster,
Awl American-aster
Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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 (Willd.) Nesom
var. pringlei

    Aster ericoidesvar. pringlei
    Aster faxonii
    Aster pilosusvar. demotus
    Aster pilosusvar. pringlei
    Aster polyphyllus
    Aster pringlei
Pringle's aster Native,
Likely secure

NYFA: 4?

USDA-NN
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Symphyotrichum subsect. Symphyotrichum[edit | edit source]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Symphyotrichinae — Symphyotrichum subg. Symphyotrichum sect. Symphyotrichum subsect. Symphyotrichum
Genus Symphyotrichumsubsect. Symphyotrichum Aster N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Muhl. ex Willd.) G.L. Nesom

    Aster prenanthoides Muhl. ex Willd.
Crookedstem aster,
Crooked-stemmed aster,
Zig-zag aster
Native,
Secure

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 5

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 (L.) Á. Löve & D. Löve
var. puniceum

1753. Aster puniceus L.
1951. Aster calderi B.Boivin
1953. Aster scabricaulis Shinners
1982. Symphyotrichum puniceumin…
Purple-stemmed aster,
Swamp aster
Native,
Secure

OBL

NYFA: 5

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 (Nees) G.L. Nesom

1818. Aster firmus Nees
1841. A. puniceusvar. firmus Torr.& A.Gray
1884. A. puniceusvar. lucidulus A.Gray
1924. A. lucidulus (A.Gray) Wiegand
1984. A. puniceusssp. firmus A.G.Jones
1994. S. firmum (Nees) G.L.Nesom
Glossy-leaved aster,
Shining aster,
Smooth swamp aster
Native,
Likely secure
Schuyler, Seneca, St.Lawrence, Tompkins
NYFA: 4

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Wikispecies
 (L.) G.L.Nesom
var. novi-belgii

New York aster Native,
Secure

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 5

USDA-NN
Images
Wikispecies
 (L.) G.L.Nesom
var. elodes (Torr. & A. Gray) G.L.Nesom

    Aster elodes Torr. & A.Gray
    S. novi-belgii  var. elodes  (Torr. & A. Gray) G.L. Nesom
Narrow-leaved New York aster Native, CoC: 10,
Unranked

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: U

USDA-NN
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Genus Symphyotrichumsubsect. Symphyotrichum (excluded taxa) Aster N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) G.L.Nesom
var. crenifolium

    Aster crenifolius
    Symphyotrichum crenifolium
Newfoundland aster ...
N. America native,
N.Y. excluded

NYFA-Excluded

USDA-0N
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 (L.) G.L.Nesom
var. villicaule

    Aster gaspensis
    Aster johannensis
    Aster longifolius villicaulis
    Aster novi-belgii johannensis
    Aster novi-belgii villicaulis
    Aster tardiflorus vestitus
Hairy New York aster N. America native,
N.Y. excluded

NYFA-Excluded

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Symphyotrichum sect. Conyzopsis[edit | edit source]

The asters of sect. Conyzopsis are found in moist saline soils.[1]

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Symphyotrichinae — Symphyotrichum subg. Symphyotrichum sect. Conyzopsis
Genus Symphyotrichumsect. Conyzopsis Aster N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

    Aster brachyactis
    Brachyactis angusta
    Brachyactis ciliata
    Tripolium angustum
Alkali American-aster,
Rayless alkali aster
Introduced from
 western N. America,
N. America native

NYFA: X

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Symphyotrichum subg. Virgulus[edit | edit source]

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
New England aster

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Symphyotrichinae — Symphyotrichum subg. Virgulus
Genus Symphyotrichumsubg. Virgulussect. Polyliguli Aster N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) G.L.Nesom

1753. Aster novae-angliae L.
1995. S. novae-angliae G.L.Nesom
    Virgulus × novae-angliae
Reveal & Keener
New England aster,
New England American aster
Native, CoC: 1,
Secure

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb,
Part shade

NYFA: 5

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Genus Symphyotrichumsubg. Virgulussect. Ericoidei Aster N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
var. ericoides (L.) G.L.Nesom

1753. Aster ericoides L.
1994. S. ericoides G.L.Nesom
White heath aster Native, CoC: 1,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 5

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Genus Symphyotrichumsubg. Virgulussect. Ericoidei × Polyliguli Aster N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Nutt.) G. L. Nesom

S. ericoides (2n=10) ×
S. novae-angliae (2n=10)

1840. Aster amethystinus Nutt.
    Lasallea × amethystina
Semple & L.Brouillet
    Virgulus × amethystinus
Reveal & Keener
Amethyst aster Native,
Endangered

NYFA: 1?

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Genus Symphyotrichumsubg. Virgulussect. Patentes Aster N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
var. patens (Aiton) G.L.Nesom

1789. Aster patens Aiton
1995. S. patens G.L.Nesom
Late purple aster Native,
Likely secure

NYFA: 4

USDA-N0
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 (Muhl. ex Willd.) G.L.Nesom

1803. Aster phlogifolius Muhl. ex Willd.
1832. Aster patensvar. phlogifolius Nees
1981. Virgulus patens
var. phlogifolius Reveal & Keener
1995. S. phlogifolium G.L.Nesom
Thin-leaved
  late purple aster,
Thinleaf late purple aster
Native,
Likely secure(?)

NYFA: 4

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Genus Symphyotrichumsubg. Virgulussect. Concolores Aster N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
var. concolor (L.) G.L.Nesom

1753. Aster concolor L.
1924. Aster plumosus Small
1924. Aster simulatus Small
1980. Lasallea concolor Semple & Brouillet
1981. Virgulus concolor Reveal & Keener
1995. S. concolor G.L.Nesom
Eastern silvery aster,
Eastern silver aster
Native,
Endangered

NYFA: 1

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Genus Symphyotrichumsubg. Virgulussect. Grandiflori Aster N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Nutt.) G.L.Nesom

1818. Aster oblongifolius Nutt.
1980. Lasallea oblongifolia
Semple & Brouillet
1981. Virgulus oblongifolius
Reveal & Keener
1994. S. oblongifolium G.L.Nesom
Oblong-leaved aster,
Aromatic aster,
Shale aster
Introduced,
N. America native,
No reports

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 0

USDA-N0
ARS-GRIN
FNA
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Symphyotrichum subg. Astropolium[edit | edit source]

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Symphyotrichinae — Symphyotrichum subg. Astropolium
Genus Symphyotrichumsubg. Astropolium Aster N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
var. tenuifolium

Perennial salt-marsh aster Native,
Vulnerable

NYFA: 3

USDA-N0
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var. subulatum

Eastern annual saltmarsh aster Native,
Threatened

NYFA: 2

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Subtribe "eurybioid asters"[edit | edit source]

The unplaced "eurybioid asters" include the genera Oreostemma, Herrickia, Eurybia, and Triniteurybia, of which, only Eurybia contains species that are native to New York.

Eurybia[edit | edit source]

Eurybia contains what Semple (2014) calls the "Eurybian Asters." It is separated here according to Semple's morphologically based intra-generic classification. Of the New York native Eurybia species, those of sect. Eurybia (Biotia) have heart-shaped (cordate) basal leaves, while those of sect. Calliastrum have oblanceolate or obovate basal leaves.[1][2][3]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — unplaced — Eurybia subg. Eurybia
Genus Eurybiasubg. Eurybiasect. Eurybia (Biotia) Wood aster N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Cass.

1763. Aster macrophyllus L.
1825. Eurybia jussiei Cass.
1825. Eurybia macrophylla (L.) Cass.
1836. Biotia latifolia DC.
1836. Biotia macrophylla (L.) DC.
1898. Aster multiformis E.S.Burgess
1903. Aster riciniatus E.S.Burgess
Large-leaved aster,
Big-leaved aster,
Largeleaf wood aster,
Bigleaf wood aster
Aster à grandes feuilles,
Aster à grandes feuille,
Rétouane
Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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 (L.) G.L.Nesom

1753. Aster divaricatus L.
1789. Aster corymbosus Sol. ex Aiton
1836. Biotia corymbosa DC.
1898. Aster tenebrosus E.S.Burgess
1903. Aster boykinii E.S.Burgess
1994. Eurybia divaricata (L.) G.L.Nesom
White wood-aster,
Heart-leaved aster,
White heartleaf aster
Aster à rameaux étalés,
Aster divariqué
Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

USDA-NN
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 (Nees) Nees

1818. Aster schreberi Nees
1832. Eurybia schreberi (Nees) Nees
1832. Eurybia glomerata Nees
1836. Biotia glomerata (Nees) DC.
1836. Biotia schreberi (Nees) DC.
1955. Aster chasei G.N.Jones
1969. Aster macrophyllus
var. schreberi (Nees) F.Seym.
Schreber's aster
Aster de Schreber
Native,
Secure

NYFA: 5

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Genus Eurybiasubg. Eurybiasect. Eurybia × Calliastrum Inter-sectional hybrid aster N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (A.Gray) G.L.Nesom

Eurybia macrophylla ×
Eurybia spectabilis

Hervey's aster Native,
Very vulnerable

NYFA: 2?

USDA-N0
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Genus Eurybiasubg. Eurybiasect. Calliastrum Aster N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Aiton) G.L.Nesom

1789. Aster spectabilis Aiton
1995. Eurybia spectabilis G.L.Nesom
Eastern showy aster,
Purple wood-aster
Native,
Threatened

NYFA: 2

USDA-N0
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 (Aiton) G.L.Nesom

    Aster radula Aiton
    Aster radulavar. strictus
    Aster strictus Pursh, non Poir.
Rough-leaved aster,
Low rough aster
Native,
No recent reports

NYFA: H

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Subtribe Chrysopsidinae[edit | edit source]

The Chrysopsidinae contains the golden-asters and camphor-weeds.[1]

Pityopsis[edit | edit source]

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Chrysopsidinae — Pityopsis
Genus Pityopsis Silkgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Pursh) Nutt.

Chrysopsis falcata (Pursh) Elliott
Heterotheca falcata (Pursh) V.L.Harms
Sickleleaf silkgrass,
Sickle-leaved golden-aster,
Sickle-leaved silkgrass
Native,
Vulnerable

NYFA: 3?

USDA-NX
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Chrysopsis[edit | edit source]

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Chrysopsidinae — Chrysopsis
Genus Chrysopsis Golden aster N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Elliott

Maryland goldenaster,
Maryland golden aster
Native,
Secure

NYFA: 4

USDA-N0
Images
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Heterotheca[edit | edit source]

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Chrysopsidinae — Heterotheca
Genus Heterotheca False golden aster N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Lam.) Britton & Rusby
ssp. latifolia (Buckley) Semple

1789. Inula subaxillaris Lam.
1862. Heterotheca latifolia Buckley
2004. Heterotheca subaxillaris
ssp. latifolia (Buckley) Semple
Camphorweed,
Camphorweed
  golden-aster
Introduced,
US South native

NYFA: X

USDA-N0
ARS-GRIN
FNA
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Subtribe Conyzinae[edit | edit source]

Erigeron[edit | edit source]

Erigeron is here separated into the two informal groups: fleabanes and horseweeds.

Erigeron (fleabanes)[edit | edit source]

Erigeron philadelphicus
Philadelphia fleabane
Fleabanes (Erigeron spp.) have very narrow and numerous ray flowers that are white, pink, or light purple in color. When open, flower heads are flat with a yellow disk.[1]
  1. Lawrence Newcomb (1977), "Fleabanes," Newcomb's Wildflower Guide, Little, Brown and Company, p. 382.
Erigeron sp. Local name Flower head
diameter
Ray floret
color
Ray
count
Stem hairs Stem leaves
width mm
Ref
E. strigosus small daisy fleabane 12-20 mm white or pink tinged 40-100 ascending (15°-45°)
spreading near base
entire, 2.5-10 [1]
E. annuus annual daisy fleabane 12-20 mm white or pink tinged 50-100 spreading (45°-90°) toothed, 10-35 [2]
E. philadelphicus Philadelphia fleabane 12-25 mm pinkish or whitish 100-400 spreading (45°-90°) toothed, clasping
95 x 32 mm
[3]
E. pulchellus Robin’s plantain 25-38 mm pale violet, pink, white 50-100 erect to ascending toothless or obscure [4]
  1. Erigeron strigosus, Daisy/Prairie Fleabane, Illinois Wildflowers Minnesota Wildflowers
  2. Erigeron annuus, Annual Fleabane, Illinois Wildflowers Minnesota Wildflowers
  3. Erigeron philadelphicus, Philadelphia Fleabane, Illinois Wildflowers Minnesota Wildflowers
  4. Erigeron pulchellus, Robin's Plantain, Illinois Wildflowers Minnesota Wildflowers
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Conyzinae — Erigeron
Genus Erigeronsect. Phalacroloma Fleabane N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Muhl. ex Willd.

1803. Erigeron strigosus Muhl. ex Willd.
1888. E. ramosus (Walter) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. (i)
1965. E. annuusssp. strigosus
Small daisy fleabane,
Lesser daisy fleabane,
Prairie fleabane,
Beyrich's fleabane,
Rough fleabane
Native, CoC: 0,
Secure

FACU

Annual,
Herb-forb,
Sun

NYFA: 5
iNat

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(L.) Pers.

    Erigeron annuus (L.) Pers.
    Stenactis annua
Annual daisy fleabane,
Annual fleabane,
White-topped fleabane,
Daisy fleabane,
Eastern daisy fleabane,
Sweet scabious
Native, CoC: 0,
Secure

FACU

Annual,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 5
iNat

USDA-N
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Genus Erigeronsect. Quercifolium Fleabane N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
 var. philadelphicus

1753. Erigeron philadelphicus L.
Philadelphia fleabane,
Common fleabane,
Marsh fleabane
Native, CoC: 2,
Secure

FAC

Biennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 5
iNat

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 (Vict. & J.Rousseau) B.Boivin
var. provancheri

1940. Erigeron provancheri Vict. & J. Rousseau
1962. Erigeron philadelphicus  var. provancheri  (Vict. & J.Rousseau) B.Boivin
1988. Erigeron philadelphicus  ssp. provancheri  (Vict. & J.Rousseau) J.K. Morton
Provancher's fleabane,
Philadelphia fleabane
Native, CoC: 7,
Endangered

FAC

Biennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 1
iNat

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Genus Erigeronsect. Pauciflori Fleabane N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Michx.
 var. pulchellus

Robin's-plantain,
Blue hill daisy
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 5
iNat

USDA-N
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Genus Erigeronsect. Linearifolii Fleabane N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

Daisy fleabane,
Hyssop-leaved fleabane
Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 1
iNat

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Note: CA

Erigeron (horseweeds)[edit | edit source]

Erigeron canadensis
horseweed
In 1943 Cronquist moved horseweed or Canadian fleabane to the genus Conyza, where some sources continue to place it.[1]
  1. Conyza canadensis, Canadian Horseweed, Minnesota Wildflowers Illinois Wildflowers
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Astereae — Conyzinae — Erigeron
Genus ErigeronConyza group Horseweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
var. canadensis

1753. Erigeron "canadense" L.
1788. Senecio ciliatus Walter
1837. Caenotus canadensis (L.) Raf.
1869. Conyzella canadensis (L.) Rupr.
1898. Leptilon canadense (L.) Britton
1905. Aster canadensis (L.) E.H.L.Krause
1943. Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronquist
1946. Marsea canadensis (L.) V.M.Badillo
Common horseweed,
Canadian horseweed,
Canadian fleabane
Native, CoC: 0,
Secure

FACU

Annual,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 5
iNat

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 L.
var. pusillus (Nutt.) B.Boivin

1818. Erigeron pusillus Nutt.
1943. Conyza parva Cronquist
1947. Conyza canadensis  var. pusilla  (Nutt.) Cronquist
1972. Erigeron canadensis  var. pusillus  (Nutt.) B.Boivin
Southern horseweed,
Canadian horseweed,
Dwarf horse-weed,
Dwarf Canadian horseweed
Native, CoC: 0,
Rare?

FACU

Annual,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 2
iNat

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L.

1753. Erigeron bonariensis L.
1943. Conyza bonariense (L.) Cronquist
1946. Marsea bonariensis (L.) V.M.Badillo
Flax-leaved horseweed ...
Asthmaweed ...
Introduced from
 South America,
Highly invasive,
 NYIS Tier: 1b,
NYS Tier 1b[1]
NYFA: 0 counties
iNat: 1 county
iNat

GBIF
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