Flora of New York/Anthemideae, Inuleae, Helenieae

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Astereae
Flora of New York — Anthemideae, Inuleae, Helenieae
Coreopsideae …Ambrosieae
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Subfamily Asteroideae (cont'd)[edit | edit source]

Tribe Anthemideae[edit | edit source]

The Asteraceae tribe Anthemideae...

Subtribe Artemisiinae[edit | edit source]

The Artemisiinae[1]
Nipponanthemum[edit | edit source]
Nipponanthemum nipponicum
Nippon daisy or Montauk daisy, introduced from Asia, has only been collected from Suffolk County on Long Island. It is not known whether is has truly naturalized there.
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Anthemideae — Artemisiinae — Nipponanthemum
Genus Nipponanthemum Daisy N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Franch. ex Maxim.) Kitam.

1872. Leucanthemum nipponicum Franch. ex Maxim.
1912. Chrysanthemum nipponicum Matsum.
1978. Nipponanthemum nipponicum (Franch. ex Maxim.) Kitam.
Montauk daisy,
Japanese daisy,
Nippon daisy
Introduced from
 temperate Asia,
Unk naturalization

NYFA: X

USDA-X0
Images
Wikispecies
Leucanthemella[edit | edit source]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Anthemideae — Artemisiinae — Leucanthemella
Genus Leucanthemella Leucanthemella N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Tzvelev

1753. Chrysanthemum serotinum L.
1803. Pyrethrum uliginosum Waldst. & Kit.
ex Willd.
1807. Chrysanthemum uliginosum Pers.
1844. Tanacetum serotinum Sch. Bip.
1949. Leucanthemum serotinum Stankov
1961. Leucanthemella serotina Tzvelev
Giantdaisy,
Giant daisy,
High daisy,
Autumn ox-eye
Chrysanthème tardif,
Leucanthémelle tardive
Introduced from
 Europe,
Not naturalized

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
Artemisia[edit | edit source]
The genus Artemisia is separated here into the four North American subgenera following the treatment in the Flora of North America.[1] According to the New York Flora Atlas, there are 15 native or naturalized species of Artemisia in New York State. Many of these are native to North America, but only Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata (sand wormwood) is considered to be native to New York.[2]
Artemisia subg. Dracunculus[edit | edit source]
Artemisia campestris
sand wormwood

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Anthemideae — Artemisiinae — Artemisia subg. Dracunculus
Genus Artemisiasubg. Dracunculus Sagebrush, Wormwood N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
ssp. caudata
(Michx.) H.M.Hall & Clem.

1753. Artemisia campestris L.
1803. Artemisia caudata Michx.
1890. Artemisia forwoodii S. Watson
1912. Artemisia caudata  var. calvens  Lunell
1916. Artemisia camporum Rydb.
1916. Artemisia maccallae Rydb.
1923. Artemisia campestris  ssp. caudata  (Michx.) H.M. Hall & Clem.
1935. Artemisia campestris  var. caudata  (Michx.) E.J. Palmer & Steyerm.
1955. Artemisia caudata  var. rydbergiana
Sand wormwood,
Field wormwood,
Field sagewort,
Tall wormwood
Armoise caudée
Native, CoC: 8,
Likely secure,
S4?

UPL

Biennial,
Herb-forb
Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Clinton, Erie, Jefferson, Kings, Monroe, Nassau, Oswego, Suffolk, Warren
NYFA: 4

USDA-NN
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Tropicos
BONAP
Images
Wikispecies

Wild tarragon,
Dragon wormwood
Introduced from
 western North America,
N. America native,
Not naturalized,
Impersistent
Monroe (1917)
NYFA: Xm

USDA-NN
Images
Wikispecies
Genus Artemisiasubg. Dracunculus (excluded taxa) Sagebrush, Wormwood N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Pall.

1776. Artemisia borealis Pall.
    Artemisia canadensis Michx.
1923. Artemisia campestris  ssp. borealis  (Pall.) H.M.Hall & Clem.
Field sagewort Introduced from
 western North America,
 temperate Asia,
 Europe,
N. America native,
No specimens

NYFA-Excluded

USDA-NN
ARS-GRIN
Images
Wikispecies
 Torr.

Sand sagebrush,
Sand sage
Introduced from
 western US,
 Mexico,
N. America native,
No specimens

NYFA-Excluded

USDA-N0
ARS-GRIN
Images
Wikispecies
Artemisia subg. Artemisia[edit | edit source]
Artemisia vulgaris

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Anthemideae — Artemisiinae — Artemisia subg. Artemisia
Genus Artemisiasubg. Artemisia Sagebrush, Wormwood N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
L.

1753. Artemisia vulgaris L.
1833. A. vulgarisvar. glabra
1834. A. vulgarisvar. coarctata
1834. A. vulgarisvar. kamtschatica
1930. A. opulenta Pamp.
Mugwort,
Common wormwood,
Lobed wormwood,
Green ginger,
Felon-herb
Armoise vulgaire,
Armoise commune,
Herbe Saint-Jean
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Highly invasive,
 NYIS: 79%[1],
Prohibited[2],
IPA,
CP-2[3]

UPL

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Tropicos
BONAP
Images
Wikispecies
Willd.

1794. Artemisia biennis Willd. (i)
1988. A. biennisvar. diffusa Dorn
    
Biennial wormwood,
Sage-weed,
Slender mugwort
Armoise bisanuelle
Introduced from
 western N. America,
N. America native,
Naturalized in NY

FACW-FACU

Biennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Tropicos
BONAP
Images
Wikispecies
 Nutt.
ssp. ludoviciana

1818. Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt.
    
    
White sage,
White sagebrush,
White wormwood,
Silver wormwood,
Louisiana wormwood,
Louisiana sagewort,
Western mugwort,
Herriott's sagewort
Armoise de l’Ouest
Introduced from
 western N. America,
N. America native,
Naturalized in NY

Perennial,
Hebrb-forb

NYFA: X

USDA-NN
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

1753. Artemisia annua L.
1887. A. chamomilla C.Winkl.
    
Sweet Annie,
Annual wormwood,
Sweet sagewort,
Annual mugwort
Armoise annuelle
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Naturalized,
SNR, GNR

FACU
Albany, Bronx, Chemung, Kings, Nassau, New York, Orange, Oswego, Rockland, St.Lawrence, Suffolk, Tompkins
NYFA: X

USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

1753. Artemisia pontica L.
Green-ginger,
Roman wormwood
Introduced from
 eastern Europe,
 temperate Asia,
Unk. naturalization,
Impersistent,
SNA, GNR
Schenectady, St.Lawrence (1914-15), Tompkins, Washington (1906)
NYFA: Xm

USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
Images
Wikispecies
 Nutt.

Saw-toothed wormwood,
Serrate-leaved sage
Introduced,
N. America native

NYFA: X

USDA-N0
Images
Wikispecies
 Besser

Beach wormwood,
Hoary sagebrush,
Dusty miller,
Old woman
Introduced,
Potentially invasive,
Alaska native

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies
L.

    
    
    
Southernwood,
Southern wormwood,
Lad’s love,
Old man
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Not naturalized,
SNA, GNR

Perennial,
Shrub-subshrub

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
Images
Wikispecies
 Lam.

Artemisia laxa (Lam.) Fritsch
White genepì wormwood ...
Alps wormwood
Alpine wormwood
Introduced,
Not naturalized
Ulster (1967)
NYFA: X

USDA-X0
Images
Wikispecies
Alph. Wood ex Carruth.

Artemisia kansana Britton
Carruth wormwood,
Carruth sagebrush,
Carruth's sagewort
Introduced,
N. America native,
Not naturalized,
Impersistent
Monroe (1911)
NYFA: Xm

USDA-N0
Images
Wikispecies
Artemisia subg. Absinthium[edit | edit source]
Artemisia absinthium
The flowers and leaves Artemisia absinthium provide the an ingredient for the flavoring absinthe.
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Anthemideae — Artemisiinae — Artemisia subg. Absinthium
Genus Artemisiasubg. Absinthium Sagebrush, Wormwood N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

Common wormwood
Absinth wormwood
Absinthium
Oldman wormwood
Grande wormwood
Introduced from
 Eurasian,
 northern Africa,
Invasive,
 NYIS Tier: Untiered,
iMapInvasives,
 Invasive.org: 12,
 USGS: L48 invasive

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X
NYFA: 15 counties
4 counties

USDA-XX
GBIF
Go Botany
Images
Wikispecies
 Willd.

Prairie sagebrush,
Fringed sage,
Prairie sagewort
Introduced,
N. America native

NYFA: X
NYFA: 2 counties
? counties

USDA-NN
Go Botany
Images
Wikispecies
Artemisia subg. Tridentata[edit | edit source]
Artemisia tridentata
The only reports of naturalized Artemisia tridentata have been from Highland Park in Rochester, where it was introduced in contaminated grass seed in 1909 and allowed to grow unmowed for several years in order to humor curious botanists.[1]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Anthemideae — Artemisiinae — Artemisia subg. Tridentata
Genus Artemisiasubg. Tridentata Sagebrush, Wormwood N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
ssp. tridentata

Basin big sagebrush,
Big sage,
Great basin sagebrush
Introduced,
N. America native

NYFA: X

USDA-NN
Images
Wikispecies

Subtribe Matricariinae[edit | edit source]

Achillea[edit | edit source]
New World Achillea[edit | edit source]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Anthemideae — Matricariinae — Achillea
Genus Achillea Yarrow N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Achillea millefolium L.
1803. Achillea aspleniifolia Vent.
1830. Achillea millefolium  var. nigrescens  E.Mey.
1832. Achillea borealis Bong.
1834. Achillea lanulosa Nutt.
1895. Achillea millefolium  var. asplenifolia  (Vent.) Farw.
1901. Achillea millefolium  var. lanulosa  (Nutt.) Piper
1916. Achillea nigrescens (E.Mey.) Rydb.
1837. Achillea millefolium  var. occidentalis  DC.
Common yarrow,
Milfoil
Achillée millefeuille,
Herbe à dindes
Native,
Secure

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Tropicos
NatureServe
BONAP
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Wikispecies
Genus Achillea (excluded taxa) Yarrow N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Achillea millefolium
var. occidentalis DC.

1834. Achillea lanulosa Nutt.
1837. A. millefoliumvar. occidentalis DC.
1901. A. millefoliumvar. lanulosa (Nutt.) Piper
Western yarrow Introduced,
N. America native

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X

USDA-NN
Images
Wikispecies
 Achillea millefolium
var. nigrescens E.Mey.

1830. A. millefoliumvar. nigrescens E.Mey.
1916. Achillea nigrescens (E.Mey.) Rydb.
Common yarrow Introduced,
N. America native

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: ?

USDA-NN
Images
Wikispecies
Old World Achillea[edit | edit source]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Anthemideae — Matricariinae — Achillea
Genus Achillea Yarrow N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Achillea ptarmica L.
1782. Ptarmica integrifolia Gilib.
1806. Achillea speciosa Henckel
1837. Ptarmica vulgaris DC. superfl.
1905. Chamaemelum ptarmica E.H.L.Krause
False sneezewort,
Sneezeweed yarrow,
Sneezewort,
White tansy,
Pearl yarrow
Achillée ptarmique,
Herbe à éternuer,
Achillée sternutatoire
Introduced from
 Europe,
Naturalized

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
FNA
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

    Achillea nobilis L.
Noble yarrow Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Impersistent

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X

USDA-X0
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies

Sweet yarrow,
Sweet Nancy
Introduced

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X

USDA-X0
Images
Wikispecies

Fern-leaved yarrow,
Fernleaf yarrow
Introduced

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies
Waldst. & Kit. ex Willd. 1803

1815. Achillea dentifera DC.
Alps yarrow Introduced,
No specimens

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA:

USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies
 All.

Ligurian yarrow Introduced,
No specimens

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies
Matricaria[edit | edit source]
Matricaria discoidea
Mayweed (genus Matricaria) contains two species that are listed as present in New York.

The nativity of Matricaria discoidea (Pineapple weed) seems to be complicated:

  • New York Flora Atlas: Non-native & Naturalized in New York State.[1]
  • USDA-NRCS Plants Database: Introduced in North America.[2]
  • Flora of North America: Native to northwestern North America, has spread elsewhere in continent.[3]
  • USDA-ARS-GRIN: Native to Russian Far East and all of North America (except Mexico).[4]
  • Kew Plants of the World Online: Native to North America except Canadian Maritimes.[5]
  • Native Plant Trust (Go Botany): Native to West Coast, Introduced elsewhere in North America.[6]
  • Canadensys-VASCAN: Native to British Columbia. Introduced in rest of Canada & Greenland.[7]

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Anthemideae — Matricariinae — Matricaria
Genus Matricaria Mayweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 DC.

1813. Santolina suaveolens Pursh (non Matricaria suaveolens L.)
1833. Tanacetum suaveolens (Pursh) Hook.
1837. Matricaria discoidea DC.
1841. Lepidanthus suaveolens (Pursh) Nutt.
1852. Chamomilla discoidea (DC.) J.Gay ex A.Braun
1894. Matricaria suaveolens (Pursh) Buchenau
1894. Matricaria matricarioides auct. non (Less.) Porter ex Britt.
1916. Chamomilla suaveolens (Pursh) Rydb.
Pineapple weed ...
Pineappleweed ...
Pineapple-weed ...
Pineapple-weed chamomile ...
Wild chamomile
Disc mayweed ...
Rayless mayweed ...
Rayless chamomile ...

Matricaire odorante ...
Matricaire discoïde ...
Introduced,
Potentially invasive,
 Invasive.org: 4,
 USGS: L48 invasive,
Naturalized,
SNA, G5

FACU

Annual,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X

USDA-XY
COL
GBIF
POWO
Go Botany
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
FNA
BONAP
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

1753. Matricaria chamomilla L.
1753. Matricaria recutita L. (nom. cons.)
1838. Matricaria courrantiana DC.
1974. Chamomilla recutita (L.) Rauschert
German chamomile ...
Wild chamomile
Crown mayweed

Matricaire camomille ...
Camomille allemande ...
Petite camomille ...
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
 northern Africa,
Potentially invasive,
 Invasive.org: 0,
 USGS: L48 invasive,
Unknown naturalization,
SNA, GNR

NYFA: X
NYFA: 8 counties
? counties

USDA-XX
COL
GBIF
POWO
VASCAN
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
FNAFNA
Images
Wikispecies

Subtribe Anthemidinae[edit | edit source]

Anthemis[edit | edit source]
Anthemis cotula

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Anthemideae — Anthemidinae — Anthemis
Genus AnthemisL. Chamomile N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
L.

1753. Anthemis cotula L.
1779. Anthemis foetida Lam.
1785. Chamaemelum cotula (L.) All.
1821. Maruta foetida Gray
1838. Maruta cotula (L.) DC.
1882. Matricaria cotula (L.) Baill.
Stinking chamomile ...
Mayweed
Introduced,
Potentially invasive,
 Invasive.org: 7,
 USGS: L48 invasive,
Naturalized

NYFA: X
NYFA: ? counties
? counties

USDA-XX
COL
GBIF
POWO
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

Corn chamomile,
Scentless chamomile,
Anthémis des champs
Introduced,
Potentially invasive,
 Invasive.org: 1,
 USGS: L48 invasive,
Naturalized

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies
Cota[edit | edit source]
Cota tinctoria

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Anthemideae — Anthemidinae — Cota
Genus Cota Chamomile N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) J.Gay

Anthemis tinctoria L.
Golden chamomile,
Golden marguerite,
Yellow chamomile
Introduced

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies
Tanacetum[edit | edit source]
Tanacetum vulgare

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Anthemideae — Anthemidinae — Tanacetum
Genus Tanacetum Tansy N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

    Chrysanthemum vulgare
    Tanacetum boreale
    Tanacetum vulgare
Common tansy Introduced from
 Asia,
Invasive,
 NYIS: 52%[1],
SNA, GNR

FACU-UPL,
2n=18

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
Go Botany
CABI
FEIS
Images
Wikispecies
(L.) Sch. Bip.

    Chrysanthemum parthenium
    Matricaria parthenium
    Tanacetum parthenium
Feather-leaved tansy,
Feverfew
Introduced

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
Go Botany
Images
Wikispecies
 L.

Coastmary Introduced

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
Go Botany
Images
Wikispecies
(Willd.) Grierson

Pyrethum daisy Introduced

NYFA: X

USDA-X0
Go Botany
Images
Wikispecies
Tripleurospermum[edit | edit source]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Anthemideae — Anthemidinae — Tripleurospermum
Genus Tripleurospermum Mayweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Sch. Bip.

1755. Matricaria inodora L.
1812. Matricaria perforata Mérat
1843. Chamomilla inodora ( L. ) K.Koch
1844. Tripleurospermum inodorum
(L.) Sch. Bip.
1983. T. perforatum (Mérat) M. Laínz
Scentless Mayweed,
Scentless false Mayweed,
False chamomile,
Corn scentless-chamomile
Camomille inodore,
Matricaire inodore
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Naturalized

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
ITIS
Images
Wikispecies

Subtribe Leucantheminae[edit | edit source]

Leucanthemum[edit | edit source]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Anthemideae — Leucantheminae — Leucanthemum
Genus Leucanthemum Daisy N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Lam.

1753. Chrysanthemum leucanthemum L.
1778. Leucanthemum vulgare Lam
1916. Leucanthemum "Leucanthemum" (L.) Rydb. (i)
Oxeye daisy,
Ox-eye daisy,
Field daisy
Introduced,
Widespread weed,
Naturalized

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
Go Botany
ARS-GRIN
Tropicos
Images
Wikispecies
 (Ramond) DC.

1800. Chrysanthemum maximum Ramond (i)
1838. Leucanthemum maximum (Ramond) DC.
Shasta daisy,
Max chrysanthemum
Introduced,
Not naturalized

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
ARS-GRIN
Images
Wikispecies

Subtribe Santolininae[edit | edit source]

Chamaemelum[edit | edit source]
Chamaemelum nobile
Chamomile or dogfennel (genus Chamaemelum) contains only a few species worldwide, none of which are known to naturalize in New York State. Chamaemelum nobile was previously listed in the New York Flora Atlas but is now excluded.
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Anthemideae — Santolininae
Genus Chamaemelum Dogfennel N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) All.

1753. Anthemis nobilis L.
1771. Anacyclus aureus L.
1785. Chamaemelum nobile (L.) All.
Common chamomile ...
Garden dog-fennel
Roman chamomile
Introduced from
 western Europe,
 northwestern Africa

NYFA-Excluded

USDA-X0
POWO
Go Botany-0
Images
Wikispecies
Cladanthus[edit | edit source]
Cladanthus mixtus

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Anthemideae — Santolininae
Genus Cladanthus Dogfennel N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

Weedy dogfennel Introduced

NYFA: X

Go Botany
Images
Wikispecies

Subtribe Glebionidinae[edit | edit source]

Glebionis[edit | edit source]

Glebionis segetum

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Anthemideae — Glebionidinae
Genus GlebionisCass. Glebionis N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Fourr.

1753. Chrysanthemum segetum L.
1869. Glebionis segetum (L.) Fourr.
Corn-marigold Introduced,
Unk. naturalizaion

NYFA: X

USDA-XX
Images
Wikispecies
(L.) Cass. ex Spach

    Chrysanthemum coronarium
    Chrysanthemum spatiosum
    Glebionis coronaria (L.) Cass. ex Spach
    G. coronarium (L.) Tzvelev
Crowndaisy,
Crown daisy,
Garland chrysanthemum
Introduced,
Impersistent,
Not naturalized

NYFA: X

USDA-XW
Images
Wikispecies

Tribe Inuleae[edit | edit source]

Subtribe Inulinae[edit | edit source]

Dittrichia[edit | edit source]
Dittrichia graveolens

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Inuleae — Inulinae — Dittrichia
Genus Dittrichia Dittrichia N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Greuter

    Inula graveolens (L.) Desf.
    
    
Stinkwort Introduced

NYFA: X

USDA-X0
Images
Wikispecies
Inula[edit | edit source]
Inula helenium

Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Inuleae — Inulinae — Inula
Genus InulaL. (1753) Yellowhead N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
L.

1753. Inula helenium L.
Elecampane,
Elfwort,
Elf dock,
Scabwort,
Wild sunflower,
Horse-heal,
Horse elder,
Velvet dock
Aunée
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive,
iMapInvasives,
 Invasive.org: 3,
 USGS: L48 invasive,
Naturalized,
SNA

FACU

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X

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Hook. fil.

1876. Inula royleana C.B.Clarke (Ambiguous)
1881. Inula racemosa Hook. fil.
1881. Inula helenium Hook. fil. & Thomson (Ambiguous)
1891. Helenium racemosum (Hook. fil.) Kuntze
Himalayan elecampane ...
Indian elecampane ...
Pushkarmool ...
Introduced,
Naturalized,
SNA

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X
NYFA: Tompkins (2021)
Tompkins (2019)

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Pentanema[edit | edit source]
Pentanema britannica
In 2018 these two yellowhead (Inula) species were transferred to the genus Pentanema.[1] Neither of these two introduced species are common in New York State, but were collected early in the twentieth century.
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Inuleae — Inulinae — Pentanema
Genus PentanemaCass. (1818) Yellowhead N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) D.Gut.Larr., Santos-Vicente, Anderb., E.Rico & M.M.Mart.Ort.

1753. Inula britannica L.
1785. Aster britannicus (L.) All.
2018. Pentanema britannicum (L.) D.Gut.Larr., et al.
2018. Pentanema britannica (L.) D.Gut.Larr., et al.
British yellowhead ...
British yellow-head ...
Meadow fleabane ...
British elecampane ...
Yellow starwort ...
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Potentially invasive,
iMapInvasives,
 Invasive.org: [1],
Not naturalized,
SNA

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X
NYFA: Nassau (1915)
iNat
No NY observations

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(L.) D.Gut.Larr., Santos-Vicente, Anderb., E.Rico & M.M.Mart.Ort.

1753. Inula salicina L.
1772. Aster salicinus (L.) Scop.
2018. Pentanema salicinum (L.) D.Gut.Larr., et al.
Willow-leaved yellow-head ...
Irish fleabane ...
Introduced,
Impersistent,
Not naturalized,
SNA, GNR

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X
NYFA: Tompkins (1925)
iNat
No NY observations

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Subtribe Plucheinae[edit | edit source]

Pluchea[edit | edit source]
Pluchea odorata, Brazoria National Wildlife Refuge, Texas
Pluchea (PLOO-sha) or Camphorweed was named after the 18th century French naturalist Abbé Noel-Antoine Pluche.
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Inuleae — Plucheinae — Pluchea
Genus Pluchea Camphorweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Cass.

1759. Conyza odorata L.
1788. C. purpurascens Sw. (i)
1826. Pluchea odorata (L.) Cass.
1836. P. purpurascens (Sw.) DC
1942. P. purpurascensvar. succulenta
1980. P. odoratavar. succulenta
    
Saltmarsh fleabane ...
Sweet-scented camphorweed ...
Shrubby camphorweed ...
Sweetscent ...
Sweet-scent ...
Purple camphor-weed

Pluchée odorante ...
Santa María ...
Native, CoC: 7,
Not yet ranked,
SNR (was S3-4)

OBL-FACW

Annual,
Herb-forb
Bronx (1901-1994),
Kings (1874-1912),
Nassau (1895-1939),
New York (1865-1883)
Queens (1881-2007),
Richmond (1896-2002),
Suffolk (1871-2005)
NYFA: 3-4

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Tribe Helenieae[edit | edit source]

Subtribe Heleniinae[edit | edit source]

Helenium[edit | edit source]
Helenium autumnale
common sneezeweed
Helenium (hel-EE-nee-um), commonly referred to as sneezeweed, was named for Helen of Troy. According to legend, Helen was collecting sneeeweed when she was abducted.[1]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Helenieae — Heleniinae — Helenium
Genus Helenium Sneezeweed N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Helenium autumnale L.
1841. Helenium montanum Nutt.
1943. H. autumnale  var. montanum  (Nutt.) Fernald
Common sneezeweed,
Fall sneezeweed
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure,
S5, G5

FACW

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: 5

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 Raf.

1838. Helenium flexuosum Raf.
1841. Helenium nudiflorum Nutt.
Purple-headed sneezeweed ...
Purplehead sneezeweed ...

Hélénie nudiflore ...
Introduced from
 southeastern US,
N. America native,
Naturalized,
SNA, G5

FAC

Perennial,
Herb-forb

NYFA: X

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 (Raf.) H. Rock
 var. amarum

1817. Gaillardia amara Raf.
1834. Helenium tenuifolium Nutt.
1957. Helenium amarum (Raf.) H. Rock
Bitterweed,
Sneezeweed,
Fine-leaved sneezeweed
Introduced from
 south-central US,
N. America native,
Not naturalized,
SNA

FACU

Annual,
Herb-forb
Tompkins (1940, 1968)
NYFA: X?

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‎Gaillardia[edit | edit source]
Gaillardia pulchella
Gaillardia (gay-LAR-dee-uh) was named for M. Gaillard de Marentoneau, an 18th-century French magistrate and patron of botany.[1]
Asterales — Asteraceae — Asteroideae — Helenieae — Heleniinae — ‎Gaillardia
Genus Gaillardia Blanketflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Foug.
var. pulchella

1788. Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
    
    
Rose-ring blanket-flower,
Rose-ring Indian blanket,
Indian blanketflower,
Firewheel
Introduced from
 se North America,
N. America native
St. Lawrence (2014), Suffolk (1977), Westchester (2002)
NYFA: X

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 Pursh

1813. Gaillardia aristata Pursh
    
    
Common blanketflower,
Common blanket-flower,
Great blanket-flower,
Blanketflower
Introduced from
 nw North America,
N. America native
Albany, Suffolk (1948)
NYFA: X

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Genus Gaillardia (excluded taxa) Blanketflower N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
hort. ex Van Houtte

Gaillardia aristata ×
Gaillardia pulchella

1857. G. grandiflora Van Houtte
    
    
Blanketflower,
Blanket-flower,
Firewheel
Introduced,
N. America native,
Excluded
excluded
NYFA-Excluded

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