Flora of New York/Amygdaloideae 1

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Rosales :
Rosaceae :
Rosoideae 2
Flora of New York — Rosales : Rosaceae : Amygdaloideae 1
Rosales :
Rosaceae :
Amygdaloideae 2
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Family Rosaceae (cont'd)


The grouping of the Rosaceae (rose family) taxa used here is based on the Angiosperm Phylogeny Website,[1] Eriksson (2003),[2] and Longhi (2014).[3] The subfamilies Rosoideae and Amygdaloideae are present in New York.
Rosaceae
Rosoideae
Ulmarieae

Filipendula

Rosodeae
Rubeae

Rubus

Colureae

Geum

Waldsteinia

Sanguisorbeae
Agrimoniinae

Agrimonia

Sanguisorbineae

Sanguisorba

Roseae

Rosa

Potentilleae
Potentillineae

Potentilla

Argentina

Fragariinae

Drymocallis

Comarum

Dasiphora

Sibbaldia

Fragaria

Alchemillinae

Alchemilla

Aphanes

Dryadoideae

Cercocarpus

Dryas

Amygdaloideae
Niellieae

Physocarpus

Amygdaleae

Prunus

Osmaronieae

Exochorda

Kerrieae

Rhodotypos

Kerria

Sorbarieae

Sorbaria

Spiraeeae

Spiraea

Pyrodeae
Gillenieae

Gillenia

Maleae

Amelanchier

Aronia

Photinia

Crataegus

Sorbus

Malus

Pyrus

Cydonia

Chaenomeles

Pyracantha

Cotoneaster


Subfamily Amygdaloideae[edit | edit source]

Tribe Neillieae[edit | edit source]

Physocarpus[edit | edit source]

Physocarpus opulifolius
Ninebark (Physocarpus), named for the shape (the figure '9') formed by its peeling bark, is primarily a North American genus, with a handful of species native to western North America and a single species (Physocarpus opulifolius) native to eastern North America.[1] The genus also has a single Asian species.
Rosales — Rosaceae — Amigdaloideae — Neillieae — Physocarpus
Physocarpus Ninebark N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
(L.) Maxim.

1753. Spiraea opulifolia L.
1879. Physocarpus opulifolius (L.) Maxim.
1891. Opulaster opulifolius (L.) Kuntze
1901. Opulaster intermedius Rydb.
1906. Physocarpus intermedius C.K.Schneid.
1908. P. opulifolius var. intermedius B.L.Rob.
Ninebark,
Eastern ninebark,
Atlantic ninebark,
Common ninebark,
Smooth ninebark,
Viburnum-leaved ninebark
Physocarpe à feuilles d'obier,
Sept écorces
Native, CoC: 7,
Secure

FACW

Perennial,
Shrub,
Sun - shade
Physocarpus opulifolius 1120565.jpg
Physocarpus opulifolius nymap.svg
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Tribe Amygdaleae[edit | edit source]

The Amygdaleae contains cherries, plums, and peaches, all three of which are in the genus Prunus.

Prunus[edit | edit source]

The genus Prunus is here separated into three subgenera: subg. Cerasus (cherries); subg. Prunus (sandcherries and plums); and subg. Amygdalus (peach).[1]
Prunus subg. Cerasus[edit | edit source]
The subgenus Cerasus contains the cherries, three of which (black cherry, chokecherry, and pin cherry) are native to New York State. About five Eurasian cherry species have been found to have naturalized in New York, and two of those (sweet cherry and sour cherry) are considered to be moderately invasive. Black cherry is the only member of the Rosaceae that has significant value as a timber resource.
Rosales — Rosaceae — Amygdaloideae — Amygdaleae — Prunus subg. Cerasus
Prunussubg. Cerasussect. Laurocerasus Cherry N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
var. virginiana

1753. Prunus virginiana L. nom. cons.
1762. Prunus canadensis L.
1768. Padus virginiana (L) Mill.
1797. Padus nana (Du Roi) Borkh.
1943. Pr. virginiana fo. deamii G.N.Jones
1966. Pr. virginiana var. deamii B.Boivin
Chokecherry,
Common chokecherry,
Virginia chokecherry,
Eastern chokecherry,
Red chokecherry
Cerisier de Virginie,
Cerisier à grappes
Native, CoC: 3,
Secure

FACU

Perennial,
Tree, shrub,
Sun-shade
NAS-088g Prunus virginiana.png
Prunus virginiana nymap.svg
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 Ehrh.
var. serotina

1783. Prunus serotina Ehrh.
1796. Padus serotina Borkh.
1901. Prunus eximia Small
1903. Padus eximia Small
1951. Pr. serotina ssp. eximia McVaugh
1953. Pr. serotina var. eximia Little
Black cherry,
Wild black cherry,
Rum cherry,
American cherry,
Capulin
Cerisier tardif,
Cerisier d'automne
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure

Perennial,
Tree, shrub,
Sun-shade
Amerikaanse vogelkers Prunus serotina closeup.jpg
Prunus serotina var serotina nymap.svg
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 L.

1753. Prunus padus L.
1768. Padus avium Mill.
1800. Cerasus padus (L.) Delarbre
European bird cherry,
Bird cherry,
Hagberry
Cerisier à grappes
    d'Europe,
Cerisier à grappes
Introduced from
 temperate Eurasia,
 n. Africa,
Moderately invasive

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
Orgonafa - Béke utca 3 - panoramio.jpg
Prunus padus nymap.svg
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Prunussubg. Cerasussect. Cerasus Cherry N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
L.f.

1781. Prunus pensylvanica L.f.
1812. Cerasus pensylvanica Loisel.
1900. Prunus corymbulosa Rydb.
1915. Prunus pensylvanica
var. corymbulosa W.Wight
Pin cherry,
Fire cherry,
Wild red cherry,
Bird cherry
Cerisier de Pennsylvanie,
Petit merisier,
Cerisier d'été
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure

Perennial,
Tree, shrub,
Sun
NAS-090g Prunus pensylvanica.png
Prunus pensylvanica var pensylvanica nymap.svg
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 (L.) L.

1753. P. cerasus var. avium L.
1755. Prunus avium (L.) L.
1794. Cerasus avium (L.) Moench
1816. Prunus macrophylla Poir.
Sweet cherry,
Wild sweet cherry,
Mazzard cherry,
Bird cherry,
Gean
Cerisier des oiseaux,
Cerisier sauvage,
Merisier des oiseaux,
Cerisier de France
Introduced from
 temperate Eurasia,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 55%[1],
CP-5[2],
NE-4[3]

Perennial,
Tree
Prunus avium1.jpg
Prunus avium nymap.svg
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 L.

1753. Prunus cerasus L.
1768. Cerasus vulgaris Mill.
1866. P. vulgaris Schur nom. inval.
Sour cherry,
Sour red cherry,
Pie cherry,
Morello cherry
Cerisier acide,
Cerisier aigre,
Griottier acide
Introduced from
 Eurasia,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 55%[1]

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
Wild Cherry - geograph.org.uk - 498791.jpg
Prunus cerasus nymap.svg
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 L.

    Cerasus mahaleb
Perfumed cherry,
Mahaleb cherry
Introduced,
Potentially invasive

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
Prunus mahaleb bray-sur-somme 80 25062007 2.jpg
Prunus mahaleb NY-dist-map.png
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Pall.

1753. Prunus cerasus var. pumila L.
1784. Prunus fruticosa Pall.
1787. Prunus chamaecerasus Jacq.
1893. P. fruticosa fo. pendula Dippel
1925. Cerasus fruticosa Woronow
European dwarf cherry,
European ground cherry
Prunier nain
Introduced from
 Erurasia

Perennial,
Shrub
Prunus fruticosa sl2.jpg
Prunus fruticosa NY-dist-map.png
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  1. a b New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentPrunus avium & Prunus cerasus: Moderate (55). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.
  2. Appendix 5. Plant species of concern (Watch List) within the central Finger Lakes region. Policy on the use of non-native plants in Cornell Botanic Gardens' accessioned collections (2018)
  3. Category 4 Plants - local concern and monitoring - Eastern Region invasive plants, ranked by degree of invasiveness as based on information from States (1998) US Forest Service
Prunus subg. Prunus[edit | edit source]
Rosales — Rosaceae — Amygdaloideae — Amygdaleae — Prunus subg. Prunus
Prunussect. Penarmeniaca Sandcherry N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.
var. susquehanae

    Prunus cuneata
    P. pumila var. cuneata
    P. susquehanae
Appalachian cherry
Appalachian sand plum
Sand cherry
Great Lakes sandcherry
Native, CoC: 8,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
Prunus pumila var pumila, June.jpg
Prunus pumila var susquehanae NY-dist-map.png
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 L.
var. depressa

    Prunus depressa Pursh
    P. pumila var. depressa
    
Low sand cherry,
Eastern sandcherry,
Prostrate sand cherry,
Prostrate dwarf cherry
Native, CoC: 10,
Threatened

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
Prunus pumila 5473491.jpg
Prunus pumila var depressa NY-dist-map.png
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 L.
var. pumila

Sand cherry,
Great Lakes sandcherry
Cerisier nain
Native, CoC: 10,
Endangered

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
Prunus pumila var pumila, June.jpg
Prunus pumila var pumila NY-dist-map.png
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Prunussect. Prunocerasus New-world plum N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Aiton (1789)

P. americana var. nigra
Canada plum Native, CoC: 2,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Tree
Prunus nigra 5444373.jpg
Prunus nigra NY-dist-map.png
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 Marshall

1785. Prunus maritima Marshall
1897. Prunus gravesii Small
1980. Prunus maritima
var. gravesii G.J.Anderson
Beach plum,
Shore plum
Native, CoC: 8,
Likely secure

Perennial,
Shrub
Prunus maritima.jpg
Prunus maritima nymap.svg
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 Marshall (1785)

American red plum,
Prunier américain
Native, CoC: 2,
Vulnerable

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
American Plum (2969269839).jpg
Prunus americana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3-4

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 Elliott (1821)

    Prunus alleghaniensis Porter[1]
    Prunus alleghaniensis var. davisii
    Prunus injucunda Small
    Prunus mitis Beadle
Allegheny plum,
Flatwoods plum,
Hog plum,
Sloe plum
Native,
Unranked

Perennial,
Tree
Prunus alleghaniensis drawing.png
Prunus umbellata nymap.svg
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Prunussect. Prunus Old-world plum N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
var. domestica

European plum Introduced

Perennial,
Tree
CirueloP1090807.JPG
Prunus domestica var domestica NY-dist-map.png
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var. insititia

European plum Introduced

Perennial,
Tree
Prunus domest.01.JPG
Prunus domestica var insititia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X

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 L.

1753. Prunus spinosa L.
Blackthorn,
Sloe
Épine noire
Introduced from
 Eurasia

Perennial,
Tree, shrub
0304 Blumen PICT4248.JPG
Prunus spinosa NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
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  1. The New York Flora Atlas and USDA-NRCS PLANTS database both list Prunus alleghaniensis var. alleghaniensis, but GRIN & ITIS both list P. umbellata as the accepted name for all varieties of P. alleghaniensis. Joey Shaw & Randall L. Small (2004) "Addressing the 'hardest puzzle in American pomology:' Phylogeny of Prunus sect. Prunocerasus based on seven noncoding chloroplast DNA regions." American Journal of Botany 91(6): 985–996.
Prunus subg. Amygdalus[edit | edit source]
Rosales — Rosaceae — Amygdaloideae — Amygdaleae — Prunus subg. Amygdalus
Prunus Peach N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Batsch

1753. Amygdalus persica L.
1768. Persica vulgaris Mill.
1801. Prunus persica (L.) Batsch
Peach,
Pêcher
Introduced,
Not naturalized
Starr 060615-8177 Prunus persica.jpg
Prunus persica NY-dist-map.png
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Tribe Osmaronieae[edit | edit source]

Exochorda[edit | edit source]

Rosales — Rosaceae — Amigdaloideae — Osmaronieae
Exochorda Pearlbrush N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Lindl.) Rehder

1847. Amelanchier racemosa Lindl.
1858. Exochorda grandiflora Lindl.
1913. Exochorda racemosa Rehder
Common pearlbrush,
Common pearlbush,
Pearl-bush
Exochorde à grandes fleurs
Introduced from
 temperate Asia
Exochorda racemosa 3.jpg
Exochorda racemosa nymap.svg
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Tribe Kerrieae[edit | edit source]

Rhodotypos[edit | edit source]

Rhodotypos scandens

Rosales — Rosaceae — Amigdaloideae — Kerrieae — Rhodotypos
Rhodotypos Rhodotypos N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 Siebold & Zucc.

Jetbead,
Black jetbead
Introduced from
 Asia,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 69%[1]
Rhodotypos scandens 1.JPG
Rhodotypos scandens NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X

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Kerria[edit | edit source]

Rosales — Rosaceae — Amigdaloideae — Kerrieae — Kerria
KerriaDC. Kerria N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) DC. (1818)

Rubus japonicus L.Corchorus japonicus (L.) Houtt.
Japanese-rose,
Japan globeflower,
Japanese kerria
Introduced,
Asia native
Kerria japonica01.jpg
Nymap.svg
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Tribe Sorbarieae[edit | edit source]

Sorbaria[edit | edit source]

False spiraea (Sorbaria sorbifolia) gets its specific epithet from the similarity of its leaves to those of the genus Sorbus (mountain-ash), while it gets its common name of course from its similarity to the genus Spiraea. It seems to spread easily from cultivation, though there are claims of a cultivar without such invasive tendencies.

Rosales — Rosaceae — Amigdaloideae — Sorbarieae — Sorbaria
Sorbaria False-spiraea N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) A.Braun

1753. Spiraea sorbifolia L.
1841. Schizonotus sorbifolia
Lindl. ex Steud.
1860. Sorbaria sorbifolia (L.) A.Braun
1879. So. sorbifolia var. stellipila
1905. So. stellipila C.K.Schneider
False spiraea,
Ash-leaved spiraea,
Ural false spiraea
Sorbaire à feuilles de sorbier,
Spirée à feuilles de sorbier
Introduced from
 eastern Asia,
Potentially invasive,
NYIS: 44%[1]

Perennial,
Shrub
Sorbaria sorbifolia - fleurs-2.jpg
Nymap.svg
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  1. New York non-native plant invasiveness assessmentSorbaria sorbifolia: Unknown (44). M.J.Jordan, G.Moore & T.W.Weldy (2008). Invasiveness ranking system for non-native plants of New York. Unpublished. The Nature Conservancy, Albany & Cold Spring Harbor, NY; Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Brooklyn, NY.

Tribe Spiraeeae[edit | edit source]

Spiraea[edit | edit source]

Spiraea sect. Spiraea[edit | edit source]
Rosales — Rosaceae — Amigdaloideae — Spiraeeae — Spiraea sect. Spiraea
Spiraeasect. Spiraea Meadowsweet N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 L.

1753. Spiraea tomentosa L.
    Spiraea glomerata Raf.
    Spiraea parvifolia Raf.
1838. Spiraea ferruginea Raf.
1838. Spiraea rosea Raf.
1912. Spiraea tomentosa var. rosea
Steeplebush,
Hardhack spiraea,
Rosy meadowsweet,
Tomentose meadowsweet
Spirée tomenteuse
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure

FACW

Perennial,
Shrub
Spiraea-tomentosa-Acadia.jpg
Nymap.svg
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 Du Roi
var. latifolia (Aiton) Dippel

1789. S. salicifolia var. latifolia
1803. S. latifolia (Aiton) Borkh.
1818. S. obovata Raf.
1838. S. ovata Raf.
1838. S. heterophylla Raf.
1893. S. alba var. latifolia
1917. S. latifolia var. septentrionalis
1964. S. alba var. latifolia
1964. S. septentrionalis
(Fernald) Á.Löve & D.Löve
1965. S. alba var. septentrionalis
1966. S. alba var. latifolia
Broad-leaved meadowsweet,
Northern meadow-sweet,
White meadow-sweet,
Alpine meadowsweet,
Mountain meadowsweet
Spirée à larges feuilles,
Thé du Canada
Native, CoC: 4,
Secure

FACW

Perennial,
Shrub
Spiraea alba var. latifolia WFNY-093A.jpg
Spiraea alba var latifolia NY-dist-map.png
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 Du Roi
var. alba

    
    
    
Narrowleaf meadowsweet,
Narrow-leaved spiraea,
White meadowsweet
Spirée blanche
Native, CoC: 3,
Likely secure

FACW

Perennial,
Shrub
Spiraea.alba.-.lindsey.jpg
Spiraea alba var alba NY-dist-map.png
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 Hérincq

Spiraea alba ×
Spiraea douglasii

Billiard spirea Introduced,
N. America native
Spiraea billardii MichaD.jpg
Spiraea × billiardii NY-dist-map.png
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Silverside

Spiraea douglasii ×
Spiraea salicifolia

False willow-leaved
  meadowsweet
Introduced,
N. America native
Spiraea x billardii A.jpg
Nymap.svg
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Spiraea sect. Calospira[edit | edit source]
Rosales — Rosaceae — Amigdaloideae — Spiraeeae — Spiraea sect. Calospira
Spiraeasect. Calospira Meadowsweet N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

    
    
    
Japanese meadowsweet Introduced,
Moderately invasive,
NYIS: 60%[1]
Spiraea japonica, 2015-07-17, Fox Chapel, 03.jpg
Spiraea japonica NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-?

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Spiraea sect. Chamaedryon[edit | edit source]
Rosales — Rosaceae — Amigdaloideae — Spiraeeae — Spiraea sect. Chamaedryon
Spiraeaser. Chamaedryfoliae Meadowsweet N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

Germander meadow-sweet Introduced Rosaceae - Spyraea chamaedryfolia.JPG
Spiraea chamaedryfolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X

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Wikispecies
Spiraeaser. Trilobatae Meadowsweet N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
Lour. (1790)

Reeves' meadowsweet,
Reeve's spiraea
Introduced,
China native
Spiraea cantoniensis1.jpg
Spiraea cantoniensis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
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 L. 1771

Asian meadowsweet,
Three-lobe spirea
Introduced Spiraea trilobata 2016-05-17 0221b.jpg
Spiraea trilobata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
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Vanhoutte Spirea Introduced Cascata di fiori, ElmAgos garden in Udine in Friuli....JPG
Spiraea × vanhouttei NY-dist-map.png


Images
Wikispecies
Spiraea sect. Glomeratae[edit | edit source]
Rosales — Rosaceae — Amigdaloideae — Spiraeeae — Spiraea sect. Glomeratae
Spiraeasect. Glomeratae Meadowsweet N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT

Bridal-wreath spiraea Introduced Spiraea prunifolia for. simpliciflora.JPG
Spiraea prunifolia NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

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Wikispecies
Siebold ex Blume (1826)

Thunberg's meadowsweet Introduced,
Rare
Spiraea thunbergii C.jpg
Spiraea thunbergii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
USDA-XX

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Wikispecies

Aruncus[edit | edit source]

There are three varieties of bride's feathers listed as having naturalized to some extent in New York State. Although Aruncus dioicus appears to be a circumboreal species, none of its varieties are likely to be actual New York natives.
Rosales — Rosaceae — Amigdaloideae — Spiraeeae — Aruncus
Aruncus Goatsbeard N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (Walter) Fernald
var. dioicus

1788. Actaea dioica Walter
1838. Aruncus vulgaris Raf. nom. num.
1908. Aruncus allegheniensis Rydb.
1939. Aruncus dioicus Fernald
Bride's feathers,
Goat's beard,
Buck's beard
Barbe de bouc,
Aruncus des bois
Introduced from
 southeast US,
N. America native
Aruncus dioicus-ffm005.jpg
Aruncus dioicus var dioicus nymap.svg
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 (Walter) Fernald
var. acuminatus (Rydb.) H.Hara

1908. Aruncus acuminatus Rydb.
1936. A. sylvester var. acuminatus Jeps
1955. A. dioicus var. acuminatus H.Hara
1982. A. sylvester ssp. acuminatus A.E.Murray
Bride's feathers,
Goat's beard,
Sylvan goatsbeard,
Buck's beard
Barbe de bouc
  acuminée,
Aruncus des bois
Introduced from
 N. Amer. west
Aruncus dioicus 15105.JPG
Aruncus dioicus var acuminatus nymap.svg
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 (Walter) Fernald
var. vulgaris (Maxim.) H.Hara

1753. Spiraea aruncus L.
1838. Aruncus vulgaris Raf. nom. nud.
1879. Aruncus sylvester Kostel. ex Maxim.
1879. Aruncus sylvester var. vulgaris Maxim
1882. Aruncus aruncus (L.) H.Karst.
1935. Aruncus vulgaris Raf. ex H.Hara
1955. Aruncus dioicus var. vulgaris H.Hara
Bride's feathers,
Goat's beard,
Buck's beard
Barbe de bouc,
Aruncus des bois
Introduced from
 Eurasia
Aruncus vulgaris Goat's Beard მეკენძალა (2).JPG
Aruncus dioicus var vulgaris nymap.svg
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Tribe Gillenieae[edit | edit source]

Gillenia[edit | edit source]

Gillenia trifoliata (L.) Moench
Bowman’s root, Indian physic
The genus name Gillenia was published in the early 1800s, but was changed to Porteranthus by Britton in the early 1900s to avoid confusion with a similar genus name. Recent interpretations of naming rules have caused the accepted name to be switched back to Gillenia.
Rosales — Rosaceae — Amigdaloideae — Gillenieae — Gillenia
Gillenia Indian physic N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY NPT
 (L.) Moench

1753. Spiraea trifoliata L.
1802. Gillenia trifoliata Moench
1893. Porteranthus trifoliatus Britton
Bowman's root,
Mountain Indian-physic,
Fawn's breath
Gillénie trifoliée
Native,
Likely secure
Gillenia trifoliata kz2.jpg
Nymap.svg
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 (Muhl. ex Willd.) Nutt.

1809. Spiraea stipulata Muhl. ex Willd.
1817. Gillenia stipulata Nutt.
1893. Porteranthus stipulatus Britton
American ipecac,
Indian physic
Native,
Likely extirpated
Gillenia stipulata BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
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Rosales :
Rosaceae :
Rosoideae 2
Flora of New York — Rosales : Rosaceae : Amygdaloideae 1
Rosales :
Rosaceae :
Amygdaloideae 2
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index

References[edit | edit source]