Elements of Art/Shape

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CoverIntroLineShape2D & 3D


Shapes are created with lines in a given space, either real or imaginary. Shapes can be endlessly rotated. There can be organic shapes or geometric shapes.

Different shapes[edit]


A circle is a shape with only one side created from a single, continuously curved line which encompasses the whole of the shape.


A triangle is a shape comprised of three straight lines which meet at three endpoints - the bottom side is horizontal, and the other two sides are diagonal, meeting each other at a point.


A square is a shape which is made of four straight lines which intersect at four points at 90 degree angles: the top and bottom lines are parallel to one another, as are the two lines comprising the sides of the square. In a square, each of the sides is the exact length of the other sides (a rectangle is a different shape where the opposing sides are equal in length; thus, all squares are rectangles but not all rectangles are squares.)


A shape with 5 sides. The bottom side is horizontal, there are two vertical sides that are parallel and the two top sides are diagonal.

A common use of the pentagon is to draw a house.


A shape with six sides. 4 sides are diagonal and 2 are horizontal.


Three-dimensional shapes[edit]



A cube has 8 endpoints, 12 edges and 6 faces. At every endpoint 3 lines intersect, and at an intersection any two edges are perpendicular to each other. Finally every edge has the same length.

Putting shapes together[edit]

Most shapes in art are combinations of the shapes described above. They may be expressed (that is, they have a clear outline) or implied (the viewer has to seem them for his/herself).

Also, different shapes can be put together for interesting results.

Rotating shapes[edit]

Effects of shapes[edit]





Chapter summary[edit]