Elements of Art/Line

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CoverIntroLineShape2D & 3D


What is line?[edit]

In art, line is the continuous movement of a mark from dot to dot.

Different lines[edit]

Lines of direction[edit]


Horizontal lines travel from left to right and are relative to the horizon. A horizontal line is any line parallel to the horizon and in art usually refers to the line far away that represent the joint between the sky and the earth.


Vertical lines travel up and down.


Diagonal lines go in two directions.

One kind of diagonal line goes down from left to right. Starting from the right, it can also go up to the left. It means the client is feeling calm.

Lines of length[edit]

Short lines[edit]

Long lines[edit]

Lines of thickness[edit]

The thickness or thinness of a line can be affected by using different materials. A ballpoint pen will create a thinner line than a big marker.

Thick lines[edit]

Thin lines[edit]

Putting lines together[edit]

There are many ways to put lines together.

One of the simplest is to join a horizontal and a vertical line. A square is two horizontal lines and two vertical lines.

Many lines can be put together to make a shading effect. An example of this is cross-hatching, where many small horizontal lines are put over many small vertical lines. This gives a realistic effect.

Effect of lines[edit]

Lines of movement[edit]

Lines of emotion[edit]

Horizontal lines can represent calmness and tranquility whereas vertical lines tend to have more of a grandeur effect. Curved lines tend to represent nature as well as confusion and busyness.

Diagonal lines represent movement.

Thick lines can represent anger whereas thin lines can represent shyness, or invisibility.

Chapter summary[edit]