Easy Ido/Lesson three
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These are words like I, you, he, she, and so on.
- me - I, me
- tu - you (use this with a friend)
- vu - you (use this with a person you don't know)
- ilu or il - he, him
- elu or el - she, her
- olu or ol - it
- lu - he, she or it. Can be used in place of il(u), el(u) or ol(u), e. g. when gender is not known or not relevant.
- ni - we, us
- vi - you (plural of vu or tu)
- ili - they, them (when speaking only of males)
- eli - they, them (when speaking only of females)
- oli - they, them (when speaking only of inanimate things)
- li - they (plural of lu, can be used to replace, and usually does so, ili, eli or oli)
- onu or on - one, like in the sentence "One never knows".
- su - oneself, himself, herself, itself, themselves.
Just put an -a on the end to show ownership.
- mea - my, mine
- tua - your, yours (one person, a friend)
- vua - your, yours (one person)
- ilua - his
- elua - her, hers
- olua - its
- lua - his, her, hers, its
- nia - our, ours
- via - your, yours (more than one person)
- ilia - their, theirs (of males)
- elia - their, theirs (of females)
- olia - their, theirs (of inanimate things)
- lia - their, theirs
- onua - one's
- sua - one's own, his own, her own, its own, their own.
- Ol esas mea libro. - it is my book.
- Ni havas libro. - we have a book.
- El havas sua ucelo. - she has her (own) bird.
- El havas elua ucelo. - she has her (some other girl's) bird.
- Me ne flugis. - I didn't fly.