Easy Ido/Lesson three

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Lesson two | Lesson four

Pronouns[edit]

These are words like I, you, he, she, and so on.

Singular Plural Reflexive Indefinite
First Second Third First Second Third
Familiar Formal Masculine Feminine Neuter Pan-Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Pan-Gender
Ido me tu vu il(u) el(u) ol(u) lu ni vi ili eli oli li su on(u)
English I, me thou (archaic) you he, him she, her it they, them (singular), he, she, it we, us you (plural) they, them (males only) they, them (females only) they, them (inanimate or sex-indeterminate only) they, them oneself, himself, herself, etc. one

Formal vs Familiar: the formal second person singular pronoun (vu) should be used for those you are not friendly with or somebody who holds higher authority than you, whereas the familiar (tu) should be used amongst friends and equals.

Ownership[edit]

Just put an -a on the end to show ownership.

  • mea - my, mine
  • tua - your, yours (one person, a friend)
  • vua - your, yours (one person)
  • ilua - his
  • elua - her, hers
  • olua - its
  • lua - his, her, hers, its
  • nia - our, ours
  • via - your, yours (more than one person)
  • ilia - their, theirs (of males)
  • elia - their, theirs (of females)
  • olia - their, theirs (of inanimate things)
  • lia - their, theirs
  • onua - one's
  • sua - one's own, his own, her own, its own, their own.

Examples[edit]

  • Ol esas mea libro. - it is my book.
  • Ni havas libro. - we have a book.
  • El havas sua ucelo. - she has her (own) bird.
  • El havas elua ucelo. - she has her (some other girl's) bird.
  • Me ne flugis. - I didn't fly.

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