Easy Ido/Lesson three
Pronouns[edit | edit source]
These are words like I, you, he, she, and so on.
|English||I, me||thou (archaic)||you||he, him||she, her||it||they, them (singular), he, she, it||we, us||you (plural)||they, them (males only)||they, them (females only)||they, them (inanimate or sex-indeterminate only)||they, them||oneself, himself, herself, etc.||one|
Formal vs Familiar: the formal second person singular pronoun (vu) should be used for those you are not friendly with or somebody who holds higher authority than you, whereas the familiar (tu) should be used amongst friends and equals.
Ownership[edit | edit source]
Just put an -a on the end to show ownership.
- mea - my, mine
- tua - your, yours (one person, a friend)
- vua - your, yours (one person)
- ilua - his
- elua - her, hers
- olua - its
- lua - his, her, hers, its
- nia - our, ours
- via - your, yours (more than one person)
- ilia - their, theirs (of males)
- elia - their, theirs (of females)
- olia - their, theirs (of inanimate things)
- lia - their, theirs
- onua - one's
- sua - one's own, his own, her own, its own, their own.
Examples[edit | edit source]
- Ol esas mea libro. - it is my book.
- Ni havas libro. - we have a book.
- El havas sua ucelo. - she has her (own) bird.
- El havas elua ucelo. - she has her (some other girl's) bird.
- Me ne flugis. - I didn't fly.