Development Cooperation Handbook/Designing and Executing Projects/Project Execution and Control
Project execution (or implementation) is the phase in which the plan designed in the prior phases of the project life is put into action. The purpose of project execution is to deliver the project expected results (deliverable and other direct outputs). Typically, this is the longest phase of the project management lifecycle, where most resources are applied.
During the project execution the execution team utilizes all the schedules , procedures and templates that were prepared and anticipated during prior phases. Unanticipated events and situations will inevitably be encountered, and the Project Manager and Project Team will have to deal with them as they come up.
In the standard division of project management discipline this phase is called "Project Execution and Control"; the term "control" is included here because execution is not a blind implementation of what was written in advance but a watchful process where doing things goes along with understanding what is being done, and re-doing it or doing it differently when the action does not fully correspond to what was intended. This "control" is an integral part of project management and is a necessary task of the project manager. As such it is different for project evaluation as generally conceived in aid programmes, where evaluation is usually performed by a team different from the project execution team ( e.g. the programme manager, the quality support officer, etc.), so as to independently verify the quality and the efficacy of the work done.
When the whole team is close-knit control, monitoring and evaluation move hand in hand supporting and giving added value to each other. A possible way of differentiating project control by project evaluation is to say that while "control" is done by the project manager (that include monitoring of subordinates and self evaluation) evaluation is generally done directly or through a group by the line manager of the project manager and is an activity occurring in the "shared field" between project and programme management.
The key elements of project execution is the ability of working effectively in the team and the ability of remaining faithful to project scope while facing unpredicted events and difficulties.
Subsections of this chapter
The main elements of project execution are:
- Conduct Project Execution Kick-off event, where the Project Manager conducts a meeting to formally begin the Project Execution and Control phase, orient new Project Team members, and review the documentation and current status of the project.
- Manage Project Execution, where the Project Manager must manage every aspect of the Project Plan to ensure that all the work of the project is being performed correctly and on time.
- Manage CSSQ (Cost, Scope, Schedule, and Quality), where the Project Manager must manage changes to the Project Scope and Project Schedule, implement Quality Assurance and Quality Control processes, control and manage costs as established in the Project Budget.
- Monitor and Control Risks, where the project develops and applies new response and resolution strategies to unexpected eventualities.
- Gain Project Acceptance where the project manager acknowledge that all outputs delivered have been tested, accepted and approved, and that the products/services of the project has been successfully transitioned to the expected beneficiaries.
On other sections of this handbook:
- Managing the recruitment and selection processes
- Manage the Team performance
- Review employee performance
- Improve employee performance
- Recognize and Success and Reward Superior Performance
- Discipline Minimal Performers