Annotated Republic of China Regulations/Regulations for Road Traffic Signs, Markings, and Signals/1989

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Regulations for Road Traffic Signs, Markings, and Signals
Republic of China (Taiwan) Regulation

Content[edit | edit source]

From translations by wiki users partially based on:

  1. Road Traffic Safety Portal Site (generally up to date)
  2. Taiwan Area National Freeway Bureau (older, some Chinglish, not always correct)

Chapter 1 General Provisions[edit | edit source]

Article 1 (later amended)
Article 2
The purpose to place signs, markings, and signals is to supply vehicular drivers and pedestrians the warning, regulatory, and guiding information on the road condition, to facilitate travel and to promote traffic safety.
Article 3
The definitions of signs, markings, and signals are as follows:
  1. Signs: Traffic control devices, with stipulated symbols, graphics or simple texts marked on plates with definite shapes, affixed on immovable or movable supporting objects, placed at proper locations, to announce or control the road condition ahead, to make vehicular drivers and pedestrians to pay attention and obey.
  2. Markings: Traffic control devices, with stipulated lines, graphics, marked words or other channeling devices, marked on the road surface or other facilities, to control the movement and stoppage of vehicular drivers and pedestrians on the roads.
  3. Signals: Traffic control devices, with stipulated timed alternate light messages, placed at intersections or other special locations, to assign the rights of passage on the roads to vehicular drivers and pedestrians, to control their movement, stoppage, and turns.
Article 4 (later amended)
Article 5
The competent authorities referred to in these Regulations mean the competent authority of highway administration, the urban road authorities, and the police departments.

Manual for Obtention of Driving licence: Signals and Lights

Article 6
Before roads are opened for passage, needed signs, markings, and signals shall be properly installed.
When there are changes to road and traffic conditions, needed signs, markings, and signals shall be additionally installed, and unneeded signs, markings, and signals shall be removed at the same time.
Article 7
Signs, markings, and signals shall be often maintained to remain clear, complete, and validly effective.
Signs, markings, and signals as damaged shall be repaired by the competent authorities in time and the responsible person shall be required to compensate the cost to repair.
Article 8
Objects obscuring signs, markings, and signals and advertising items affecting the effectiveness of signs, markings, and signals, etc., shall all be corrected or cracked down by the competent authorities or the competent authorities of these respective objects.
Article 9 (later amended)

Chapter 2 Signs[edit | edit source]

Section 1 General Principles[edit | edit source]

Article 10
The categories and their purposes of signs are as follows:
  1. Warning signs:
  2. Regulatory signs:
  3. Guide signs:
  4. Auxiliary signs
Article 11 (later amended)
Article 12 (later amended)
Article 13 (later amended)
Article 14
Signs may attach supplementary plates as needed, to make vehicular drivers and pedestrians easily understand the meanings of graphics in signs.
Article 15 (later amended)
Article 16 (later amended)
Article 17
Overhead signs are placed above vehicular lanes using overpasses or cantilever arms and may be installed based on the following situations:
  1. Vertical signs cannot be installed due to space constraint.
  2. Sight distance is limited.
  3. The same direction has at least three fast and slow vehicular lanes.
  4. Places where vehicular uses are complex.
  5. Places where signs are dense.
  6. Road segments with dense interchanges.
  7. Exit ramps has multiple lanes.
  8. Traffic includes higher ratio of large vehicles.
  9. Exit ramps are on the left side.
Article 18 (later amended)
Article 19 (later amended)
Article 20
Article 21
The valid extents, limits, obligatory times, added supplemental plates, or added English explanations of signs, are to be decided by competent authorities based on realistic situations unless already stipulated by These Regulations.

Section 2 Warning Signs[edit | edit source]

Article 22
Warning signs shall be placed in any of the following conditions:
  1. Road segments with sharp curves.
  2. Road segments with steep slopes.
  3. Road junctions.
  4. Road work zones.
  5. Near railway level crossings.
  6. Road segments with sudden danger at the instant.
  7. Road segments with other special conditions.
Article 23
The designs of warning signs follows the following rules:
  1. Shape: Right triangle.
  2. Colors: White background, red border, and black graphics, but the graphic of Signal Ahead sign has red, yellow, green and black colors.
  3. Sizes
    Standard style: border length of 90 cm and border width of 7 cm.
    Enlarged style: border length of 120 cm and border width of 9 cm.
    Reduced style: border length of 60 cm and border width of 5 cm.
    Extra large style: based on realistic situation.
Article 24 (later amended)
Article 25
Twisted Road sign is to make vehicular drivers slow down and installed on routes with reverse curves or continuous turns ...... "Warn 3" is used for the first bend to the right. "Warn 4" is used for the first bend to the left.
Warn 3
Warn 4
(unit: centimeters)
This sign is installed along a route with continuously sharp turns. One sign shall be installed at least every two kilometers. Supplemental plate shall be installed under the sign to explain the length, to make vehicular drivers anticipate remaining distance of continuously sharp turns. The sample image of standard supplemental plate is as follows:
(unit: centimeters)
Article 26
Steep Slope sign is to make vehicular drivers drive carefully. It is installed on road segments with the slope of 7% or more. "Warn 5" is used for steep ascent. "Warn 6" is used for steep descent.
Warn 5
(unit: centimeters)
Warn 6
Supplemental plate shall be installed under the sign to explain the slope as "ascent" or "descent", its percentage and length. The sample image of standard supplemental plate is as follows:
(unit: centimeters)
Article 27
Narrow Road sign "Warn 07" is used to make vehicular drivers be aware of situations of narrow road surface, and slow down to avoid and yield to any oncoming vehicles. It is installed before the beginning point of road segment narrowing the surface width to 6 m or less on two-way road.
Warn 7
(unit: centimeters)
Installing this sign at long segment of narrow road shall add supplemental plate under it to describe the length of the narrow road. The graphic of standard supplemental plate is as follows:
(unit: centimeters)
Article 28 (later amended)
Article 29
Narrow Bridge sign "Warn 10" is used to warn vehicular drivers not to meet oncoming vehicles on the bridge. It is placed on a bridge with the net width of less than 6 m.
Warn 10 (unit: centimeters)
A narrow bridge with the length of at least 300 m should better place signals to control the traffic. A narrow bridge already placing signals may be exempt from placing this sign.
Article 30 (later amended)
Article 31
Article 32
Article 33
Article 34
Roundabout sign "Warn 24" is used to make vehicular drivers pay attention to slow down to yield the right-of-way to vehicles in a roundabout. It is placed near a roundabout as needed.
Warn 24
(unit: centimeters)
Article 35
Article 36
Article 37
Article 38
Article 39
Article 40
Article 41
Article 42 (later amended)
Article 43 (later amended)
Article 44
Article 45
Article 46 (later amended)
Article 47
Article 48
Article 49
Article 50
Article 51
Article 52
Article 53
Article 54
Article 55
Article 55-1 (later added)

Section 3 Regulatory signs[edit | edit source]

Article 56
Article 57
Article 58 (later amended)
Article 59 (later amended)
Article 60
Article 61
Article 62 (later amended)
Article 63 (later amended)
Article 64
Article 65 (later amended)
Article 66
Article 67
Pedestrians Only "Sign R22" is used to notify that the segment of the road exclusively provide pedestrians' passage, with no entry of any vehicles. It is installed at clear location of the starting point of the road segment. Any prescribed passage time shall be described in supplemental plate.
Article 67-1 (later added)
Article 68 (later amended)
Article 69 (later amended)
Article 70
Article 70-1 (later added)
Article 71
Article 72
Article 73 (later amended)
Article 73-1 (later added)
Article 74 (later amended)
Article 75 (later amended)
Article 76 (later amended)
Article 77 (later amended)
Article 78 (later amended)
Article 79 (later amended)
Article 80 (later amended)
Article 81
Article 82
Article 83
Article 84
Article 84-1 (later added)
Article 85 (later amended)
Article 86

Section 4 Guide Signs[edit | edit source]

Article 87 (later amended)
Article 87-1 (later added)
Article 87-2 (later added)
Article 88
Article 89 (later amended)
Article 90 (later amended)
Article 90-1 (later added)
Article 91 (later deleted)
Article 92 (later deleted)
Article 93
Article 94
Article 95 (later amended)
Article 96 (later amended)
Article 97 (later amended)
Article 98 (later amended)
Article 99 (later amended)
Article 100
Article 101
Article 102
Article 103 (later amended)
Article 104 (later amended)
Article 105 (later amended)
Article 105-1 (later added)
Article 105-2 (later added)
Article 106
Article 107
Article 108 (later amended)
Article 109 (later amended)
Article 110
Article 111
Article 112
Article 113
Article 114
Article 115
Article 116 (later amended)
Article 117
Article 118 (later amended)
Article 118-1 (later added)
Article 118-2 (later deleted)
Article 118-3 (later added)
Article 118-4 (later added)
Article 118-5 (later added)
Article 119 (later amended)
Article 120 (later amended)
Article 121 (later amended)
Article 122 (later amended)
Article 122-1 (later added)
Article 122-2 (later added)
Article 123 (later amended)
Article 124 (later amended)
Article 125 (later amended)
Article 126 (later amended)
Article 127 (later amended)
Article 128 (later amended)
Article 129 (later amended)
Article 130 (later amended)
Article 131 (later amended)
Article 132 (later amended)

Section 5 Auxiliary Signs[edit | edit source]

Article 133 (later amended)
Article 133-1 (later added)
Article 134 (later amended)
Article 135 (later amended)
Article 136
Article 137
Article 138 (later amended)
Article 139 (later amended)
Article 140 (later amended)
Article 141 (later amended)
Article 142 (later amended)
Article 143 (later deleted)
Article 144
Article 145 (later amended)

Chapter 3 Markings[edit | edit source]

Section 1 General Principles[edit | edit source]

Article 146
Article 147
Article 148
Article 149 (later amended)
Article 150
Article 151 (later amended)
Article 152 (later amended)
Article 153
Unless otherwise prescribed, markings are installed in reflective materials as needed.

Section 2 Warning Markings[edit | edit source]

Article 154 (later amended)
Article 155
Article 156
Article 157
Article 158 (later amended)
Article 159
Article 160
Article 161
Article 162 (later amended)
Article 163

Section 3 Prohibitory Markings[edit | edit source]

Article 164 (later amended)
Article 165
Article 166 (later amended)
Article 167 (later amended)
Article 168 (later amended)
Article 169
Article 170 (later amended)
Article 171 (later amended)
Article 172
Article 173 (later amended)
Article 174 (later amended)
Article 174-1 (later added)
Article 174-2 (later added)
Article 174-3 (later added)
Article 175 (later amended)
Article 176
Article 177 (later amended)
Article 178 (later amended)
Article 179 (later amended)

Section 4 Guide Markings[edit | edit source]

Article 180 (later amended)
Article 181 (later amended)
Article 182 (later amended)
Article 183 (later amended)
Article 183-1 (later added)
Article 184
Article 185 (later amended)
Article 185-1 (later added)
Article 186
Article 186-1 (later added)
Article 187 (later amended)
Article 188 (later amended)
Article 188-1 (later added)
Article 189
Article 189-1 (later added)
Article 189-2 (later added)
Article 190 (later amended)
Article 191 (later amended)
Article 192

Chapter 4 Signals[edit | edit source]

Section 1 General Principles[edit | edit source]

Article 193
Article 194 (later amended)
Article 195 (later amended)
Article 196
Article 197

Section 2 Assemblies and Designs of Signals[edit | edit source]

Article 198 (later amended)
Article 199
Article 200 (later amended)
Article 201 (later amended)
Article 202 (later amended)
Article 203 (later amended)
Article 204 (later amended)
Article 205

Section 3 Definitions of All Displayed Light Signals[edit | edit source]

Article 206
Article 207
Article 208 (later amended)
Article 209
When double red lights of railway level crossing signals start flashing alternately, pedestrians and vehicles are meant to be prohibited from entering the level crossing, and vehicles shall stop before the stop line. If already in the level crossing, they shall quickly leave.
Article 210
Double flashing yellow lights at pedestrian crossing means that there is a zebra pedestrian crossing ahead. Vehicles should slow down the speed when approaching, and, when there are pedestrians crossing, shall stop before the stop line to yield to pedestrians to pass first.
Article 211

Section 4 Applications of Light Signals[edit | edit source]

Article 212 (later amended)
Article 213
Article 214 (later amended)

Section 5 Methods to Control Signals[edit | edit source]

Article 215
Article 216
Article 217
Article 218
Article 219

Section 6 Deployments of Signals[edit | edit source]

Article 220 (later amended)
Article 221 (later amended)
Article 222
Article 223
Article 224
Article 225

Section 7 Necessary Conditions to Place Signals[edit | edit source]

Article 226 (later amended)
Article 227
Road traffic meeting one of the following conditions may install signals with just both red and green colors, or regular red, yellow and green tri-color vehicular movement control signals:
  1. Roads, bridges, tunnels or ramps, etc. must control traffic in a direction due to construction or other reasons.
  2. The traffic must be controlled to prevent drivers from being harmed with continuous vehicular entry when traffic accidents happen in tunnels.
Article 228 (later amended)
Article 229 (later amended)

Section 8 Basic Principles of Timing Designs[edit | edit source]

Article 230 (later amended)
Article 231 (later amended)
Article 232
The lights of vehicular signal upon activation and reactivation after the power has shut off shall first display all reds for three seconds, then take turns to operate.
Article 233 (later amended)

Chapter 5 Supplementary Provisions[edit | edit source]

Article 234
Designs of shapes, colors, sizes, graphics, words, reflection, illumination and installed locations, etc of signs, markings, and signals, shall all follow the provisions of these Regulations. If additions, reductions or changes because of special needs are needed, they shall be first reported to the Ministry of Transportation and Communication and the Ministry of Interiors for approval before the announcement of the implementation.
Article 235 (later amended)

Appendix 1 Standard typeface of Arabic numerals and English alphabets on signs[edit | edit source]

Appendix 2 Standard typeface of Arabic numerals on markings[edit | edit source]

Appendix 3 Index[edit | edit source]