Swedish/Vocabulary

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to: navigation, search

How to use this vocabulary[edit]

All the conjugation forms of verbs, nouns and adjectives have been given here.

If the ending of the word has been, at some point, divided with a slash (/), it means that the ending has to be attached to the word by dropping the following letter(s) separated by the slash from the rest of the word.

E.g. en abborr/e, -en, -ar, -arna should become en abborre, abborren, abborrar, abborrarna. Notice how the "e" in abborre is dropped, leaving the stem "abborr", to which the endings -en, -ar or -arna are attached.

If there is no dividing slash at some point in the end of a noun or a verb, the ending is directly attached to the word. E.g. en arm, -en, -ar, -arna becomes en arm, armen, armar, armarna.

Also notice that en and ett are both articles and are dealt with in the grammar section.

Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A[edit]

  • abborr/e, -en, -ar, -arna (/abore/) -- n. perch
  • absolut -- n. absolute, definite
  • affär, -en, -er, -erna -- n. business, shop, store
  • afton, -en -- n. evening
  • akta, -de, -t -- v. be careful with, take care of
  • alla -- pron. all, everyone
  • allihop -- pron. all of us
  • allmos/a, -an, -or, -orna (/almu:sa/) -- n. alms
  • allt -- pron. all, everything
  • alltid -- adv. always
  • alm, -en, -ar, -arna (/alm/) -- n. elm
  • annan -- pron. other, another one
  • ansikte, -t, -n, -na (/ansikte/) -- n. face
  • använda -- v. use, employ
  • ap/a, -n, -or, -orna -- monkey
  • arbet/a, -ar, -ade, -at (/arbe:eta/) -- v. work
  • arbete, -t, -n, -na (/arbe:ete/) -- n. work
  • arg (/arj/) -- adj. angry
  • arm, -en, -ar, -arna (/arm/) -- n. arm
  • ask, -en, -ar, -arna (/ask/) -- n. ash (living tree)
  • aska, -n (/aska/) -- n. ash (burnt tree)
  • askkopp, -en, -ar, -arna (/askop/) -- n. ashtray
  • asp, -en, -ar, -arna (/asp/) -- n. aspen

B[edit]

  • bad/a, -ar, -ade, -at -- bath v.
  • ett badkar, -et, badkar, -en -- bathtub
  • bak/a, -ar, -ade, -at -- bake v.
  • en balj/a, -an, -or, -orna -- tub, bowl
  • bandspelar/e, -(e)n -- tape recorder
  • en bank, -en, -er, -erna -- bank
  • en bankomat, -en, -er, -erna -- ATM (one of two brands in Sweden)
  • ett barn, -et, barn, -en -- child
  • ett ben, -et, ben, -en -- leg; bone
  • berg, -et, berg, -en -- mountain
  • en berg-och-dalban/a, -an, -or, -orna -- rollercoaster
  • en bil, -en, -ar, -arna (short for automobil) -- car
  • en bild, -en, -er, -erna -- image, picture
  • en, bildskärm, -en, -ar, -arna -- monitor (CRT)
  • en biljett, -en, -er, -erna -- ticket
  • billig, -t, -a -- cheap
  • en björn, -en, -ar, -arna -- bear
  • en blixt, -en, -ar, -arna -- flash
  • en blomm/a, -an, -or, -orna -- flower
  • en blomkruk/a, -an, -or, -orna -- flower pot
  • bly, -(e)t -- lead
  • bläck, -et -- ink
  • en bläckfisk, -en, -ar, -arna -- octopus
  • en bok, -en, -ar, -arna -- beech
  • en bok, -en, böck/er, -erna -- book
  • en bokhyll/a, -an, -or, orna -- bookshelf
  • ett bord, -et, bord, -en -- table
  • brännvin, -et -- vodka
  • ett bröd, -et, bröd, -en -- bread
  • en buss, -en, -ar, -arna -- bus
  • en busshållplats, -en, -er, -erna -- bus stop
  • en bärsärk, -en, -ar, -arna -- berserker
  • ett par byxor, -orna -- a pair of trousers

C[edit]

  • en central, -en -- center, central station
  • centrum -- center
  • en chaufför -- driver, chauffeur
  • chef -- boss, head, manager
  • choklad -- chocolate
  • cirk/el, -eln, -lar, -larna -- a circle
  • cirkla -- to circle (verb)
  • en citron, -en, -er, -erna -- lemon
  • en cyk/el, -eln, -lar, -larna -- bicycle

D[edit]

  • dag -- day
  • dagbok -- diary, journal
  • dagis -- daycare center
  • dagg -- dew
  • daggmask -- earthworm
  • dal -- valley
  • dam -- lady
  • damm -- (1) dust (2) pond (3) damm
  • dammsugare -- vacuum cleaner
  • danmark -- denmark
  • dansa -- dance
  • dator -- computer
  • dass -- outhouse or toilet (esp. outdoor, non-WC)
  • decennium -- decade
  • del -- portion, part, section, share
  • dela -- divide, share
  • deras -- their
  • dikt -- poem
  • din -- your
  • diska -- wash up, do the dishes
  • djup -- deep
  • djur -- animal
  • dricka --drink
  • dröm, -en, -ar, -arna -- dream
  • du -- you
  • ett dund/er -ret -er -ren -- thunder
  • dyr -- expensive
  • då -- then, at that time, in those days
  • dålig -- bad, poor, weak
  • där -- there
  • därför -- so, therefore
  • därifrån -- from there
  • dö, dog, dött -- die

E[edit]

  • efter -- after, behind
  • egen -- own
  • egenskap -- quality, characteristic
  • ej -- not
  • ek -- oak
  • eka -- small, oar propulsed wooden boat
  • eka -- echo v.
  • ekhjul -- oak wheel
  • eko -- echo
  • ekonomi -- economy
  • ekorre -- squirrel
  • elak -- naughty, evil, wicked
  • eld -- fire
  • elev -- student, pupil
  • eller -- or
  • emot -- against
  • enda -- only
  • enkel -- simple, easy
  • ensam -- alone, solitary
  • er -- your, yours
  • erfarenhet -- experience

F[edit]

  • falsk -- false
  • familj -- family
  • farlig -- dangerous
  • fatta -- catch, grasp
  • fel -- wrong
  • fest -- party, feast
  • festa -- have a good time, party v
  • fika -- have some coffee, coffee break
  • fjäder -- feather
  • fjäll -- a mountain with bare top in the Nordic countries
  • flod -- river (outside the Nordic countries)
  • fluga -- fly n.
  • flyga -- fly v.
  • flygplan -- aeroplane
  • flygplats -- airport
  • fläsk -- pork
  • folk -- people
  • fot -- foot
  • frisk -- well, healthy, not sick
  • fråga -- question n
  • fråga -r -de -t -- ask
  • fura -- pine tree. the word tall is more common.
  • furu -- pine wood
  • fusk -- cheating
  • få, fick, fått -- get
  • fågel -- bird
  • får -- sheep
  • färsk -- fresh
  • förstå -- understand
  • förälska -- fall in love

G[edit]

  • gaff/el, -eln, -lar, -larna -- Fork
  • galen -- mad, crazy
  • gammal -- old, ancient
  • gat/a, -an, -or, -orna -- Street
  • ge, gav, givit (col. "gett") -- give, grant
  • genast -- at once, immediately
  • genom -- through, by way of, thanks to
  • gifta sig, gifte sig, gift sig -- marry oneself
  • glad -- happy, pleased, delighted
  • glas, -en, -ar, -arna -- Glass
  • glass -- Ice cream
  • glädje -- joy, delight, happiness
  • glöm/ma, -de, -t -- forget
  • god -- good, nice, pleasant
  • godis, -et, (no pl.) -- Candy
  • golv, -et, -, -en -- floor
  • grann/e, -en, -ar, -arna -- neighbor
  • gran, -en, -ar, -arna -- Spruce
  • grej, -en, -er, -erna -- (jargon) thing, gadget
  • gris, -en, -ar, -arna -- Pig
  • grisa, -de, -t -- (1) What a sow does when she gets piglets. (2) To behave like a pig, typically in conjunction to a party.
  • griskulting, -en, -ar, -arna -- Piglet
  • grod/a, -an, -or, -orna -- Frog
  • gräns, -en, -er, -erna -- boundary, border
  • grön -- green
  • gubb/e, -en, -ar, -arna -- Old man
  • gud, -en, -ar, -arna -- (a) god
  • Gud -- God
  • guld, -et, (no pl.) -- Gold
  • gumm/a, -an, -or, -orna -- old woman
  • gyllene -- Golden
  • gå, gick, gått -- walk
  • göra, gjorde, gjort -- do, make

H[edit]

  • ha, hade, haft -- have
  • hals, -en, -ar, -arna -- neck, throat
  • halsa, -de, -t -- (jargon) drink directly from a bottle,
  • halv -- half
  • hand, -en, händer, -na -- hand
  • handduk, -en, -ar, -arna -- towel
  • handla, -de, -t -- shop, trade, deal, do business v
  • hans -- his
  • hat, -et, (no pl.) -- hatred
  • hav, -et, -, -en -- sea, ocean
  • hembränt, -, (no pl.) -- Moonshine (i.e. home made vodka)
  • hej! -- hi!
  • hel -- whole, full, complete
  • heller -- either
  • helvete, -t, -n, -na -- hell
  • hem, -et, -, -en -- home
  • herr/e, -en, -ar, -arna -- gentleman, man
  • hinna, hann, hunnit -- reach, get, find
  • hit -- here
  • hitta, -de, -t -- find
  • hjort, -en, -ar, -arna -- deer
  • hjälp -- help, assistance
  • hjälp/a, -te, -t -- help, aid
  • hjärta, -t, -n, -na -- heart
  • hon -- she, her
  • hund, -en, -ar, -arna -- dog
  • hur -- how
  • hus, -et, -, -en -- house
  • hyr/a, -de, -t -- rent, hire
  • hål, -et, -, -en -- hole
  • hår -- hair
  • härifrån -- from here
  • högskol/a, -an, -or, -orna -- college of higher learning
  • hök, -en, -ar, -arna -- hawk
  • hön/a, -an, -or, -orna -- hen
  • hör/a, -de, -t -- hear, learn, be told

I[edit]

  • Ilska -- Anger
  • Ingenjör -- Engineer
  • Inget -- Nothing
  • Inte -- Not
  • Intighet -- Void
  • Illa -- badly
  • Is -- ice
  • Iller -- polecat
  • Iskall -- as cold as ice
  • Italien -- Italy

J[edit]

  • Jacka -- Jacket
  • Jaga -- Hunt v.
  • Jakt -- Hunt n.
  • Jord -- Soil/Dirt
  • Jorden -- The Earth
  • Järn -- Iron
  • Järnväg -- Rail road
  • Järv -- Wolverine

K[edit]

  • kaffe, -t, (no pl.) -- coffee
  • katt, -en, -er, -erna -- cat
  • kattung/e, -en, -ar, -arna -- kitten
  • kalv, -en, -ar, -arna -- calf
  • kniv, -en, -ar, -arna -- knife
  • ko, -n, -r, -rna -- cow
  • kontinent, -en, -er, -erna -- continent
  • Kontinenten -- Europe minus the Nordic countries (often including Denmark)
  • krabb/a, -an, -or, -orna -- crab
  • kräft/a, -an, -or, -orna -- crayfish
  • kräft/a, -an, -or, -orna -- cancer (medic, obsolete: instead use Cancer /kanser/)
  • kräftan -- Cancer (zodiac)
  • kvinn/a, -an, -or, -orna -- woman
  • kyckling, -en, -ar, -arna -- chicken
  • kär -- in love
  • kärlek, -en, -ar, -arna -- love n.
  • kök, -et, -, -en -- kitchen
  • kött, -et, (no pl.) -- meat
  • kör, -en -- choir
  • kam, -en -- comb
  • kamel, -en -- camel
  • kille, -en -- boy

L[edit]

  • Lampa -- Lamp
  • Land -- Land, Country
  • Lax -- Salmon
  • Leka -- Play
  • Lycka -- Happiness
  • Läka -- Heal
  • Läkare -- Doctor (physician)
  • Läxa -- Homework
  • Läsa -- read
  • Lämna -- leave

M[edit]

  • Majs -- Corn
  • Man -- Man
  • Mardröm -- Nightmare
  • Mark -- Ground
  • Maskin -- Machine
  • Mat -- Food
  • Mejla -- E-mail v.
  • Minut -- Minute
  • Minuten -- ATM (one of two brands in Sweden)
  • Misstag -- Mistake
  • Mint -- Mint (flavor)
  • Mjöd -- Mead
  • Mjöl -- Flour
  • Mjölk -- Milk
  • Mobba -- Bully
  • Mobbning -- Bullying
  • Mynt -- Coin n.
  • Mynta -- (1) Coin v. (2) Mint (herb)
  • Månad -- Month
  • Måne -- Moon

N[edit]

  • Natt -- Night
  • Nord -- North n.
  • Norden -- The Nordic Countries
  • Norge -- Norway
  • Norr -- North prep.
  • Norrman -- Norwegian
  • Norska -- Norwegian (language or woman)
  • Ny -- New
  • Nybörjare -- Beginner, Novice, N00b, Newbie
  • Nyhet -- News
  • Nyheterna -- The news
  • Nätet -- The (Inter)Net

O[edit]

  • Olycka -- Accident, Misfortune
  • Ondska -- Evil
  • Orkan -- Hurricane
  • Orm -- Snake
  • Ost -- Cheese
  • Otur -- Bad luck
  • Ond -- evil
  • Ostron -- oyster
  • Om -- if
  • Oss -- us

P[edit]

  • Paket -- Parcel, Package
  • Pengar -- Money
  • Pris -- prize
  • Plastpåse -- plastic bag
  • Pojke -- boy
  • Paj -- pie
  • Påsk -- Easter

Q[edit]

  • Qatar -- Qatar

R[edit]

  • Rak -- Straight
  • Ren -- Reindeer
  • Rep -- Rope
  • Rike -- State, Country, Realm
  • Ris -- Rice
  • Rum -- Room; Space (in mathematics)
  • Rymd -- Space
  • Rymden -- Space (the Universe)
  • Råtta -- Rat
  • Rät -- Straight
  • Rätt -- Right, Correct
  • Rättighet -- Right jur. De mänskliga rättigheterna. (The human rights)

S[edit]

  • se, såg, sett -- See
  • sekel -- century
  • sekund -- second
  • silver -- silver
  • sked -- spoon
  • skjorta -- shirt
  • sko -- shoe
  • skola -- school
  • skorsten -- chimney
  • skott -- Shot
  • skottkärra -- Wheelbarrow
  • skottland -- Scotland
  • skottår -- Leap year
  • slang -- hose
  • slang -- slang
  • slut -- end, finish n. (and vulgarly adj.)
  • sluta, -de, -t -- end, finish, stop v.
  • slända -- distaff
  • slända -- an insect in the order of Odonata, such as dragonflies and damselflies.
  • smak -- taste, flavor n.
  • smaka, -de, -t -- taste v.
  • SMS -- SMS n.
  • SMS:a -- SMS v.
  • sol -- sun
  • sova, sov, sovit -- Sleep v.
  • spel -- game
  • spårvagn -- tram
  • spöke -- ghost
  • stav -- staff
  • stjärna -- star
  • stjärnbild -- constellation
  • stjärntecken -- astrological sign
  • ström -- Stream, Current; Electric power. Vi har ingen ström! (We have no power!)
  • stål -- steel
  • suga -- suck
  • svensk -- Swede, Swedish adj.
  • svenska -- Swedish (language or woman)
  • Sverige (/sværje/) -- Sweden
  • syd -- south prep.
  • synd -- sin; Pity. Vad synd! (That's a shame!)
  • syrsa -- cricket (insect)
  • såg -- saw, sawmill
  • söder -- south n.
  • sömn -- sleep n.

T[edit]

  • ta, tog, tagit -- take
  • tall, -en, -ar, -arna -- Pine tree
  • tallrik, -en, -ar, -arna -- Plate
  • tenn -- Tin
  • tennsoldat, -en, -er, -erna -- Tin soldier
  • tid, -en, -er, -erna -- Time
  • timme, -en, -ar, -arna -- Hour
  • toa, -n, (no pl.) -- Toilett
  • toalett, -en, -er, -erna -- Toilett
  • troll, -et, -, -en -- Troll
  • trolla, -de, -t -- Do (stage) magic
  • trollsländ/a, -an, -or, -orna -- Dragonfly
  • träd, -et, -, -en -- Tree
  • tunnelban, -en, -er, -erna -- Subway
  • tupp, -en, -ar, -arna -- Rooster
  • tur, -en, -er, -erna -- Good luck
  • Tyskland -- Germany
  • tåg, -et, -, -en -- Train
  • tågstation, -en, -er, -erna -- Train station

U[edit]

  • Ull -- Wool (sheep hair)
  • Undulat -- Budgerigar
  • Universitet -- University
  • Upplevelse -- (an enjoyable) Experience
  • Ute -- Outside
  • Utrikes -- Abroad, Overseas
  • Uggla -- owl

V, W[edit]

  • Vatten -- Water
  • Webben -- The (World Wide) Web
  • Vecka -- Week
  • Vin -- Wine
  • Väg -- Way, Road
  • Vänstersväng -- Left turn
  • Värld -- World
  • Väst -- West prep.
  • Väster -- West n.
  • Växa -- Grow
  • Växt -- Plant

X[edit]

  • Xylofon -- Xylophone

Y[edit]

  • Yxa -- Axe
  • Yrke -- Occupation
  • Ylle -- Wool (textile)
  • Ytterdörr -- front door

Z[edit]

  • Zooma -- Zoom v.
  • Zebra -- zebra

Å[edit]

  • en å, -n, -ar, -arna -- river
  • ett år, -et, år, -en -- year
  • århundrade, -t, -n -- century
  • årtionde, -t, -n -- decade
  • årtusende, -t, -n -- millennium
  • en år/a, -an, -or, -orna -- oar
  • en åsikt, -en, -er, -erna -- opinion; vara av samma åsikt med ngn (to agree with smbd); vara av annan åsikt med ngn (to disagree with smbd)
  • en åsk/a, -an, -or, -orna -- thunder

Ä[edit]

  • Älg -- Moose
  • Älska -- Love v.
  • Älv -- River (in the Nordic Countries)
  • Älva -- Female elf
  • Ände -- End (of something physical, such as a rope)
  • Äpple -- Apple
  • Äta -- Eat

(skol)Ämne -- subjekt

Ö[edit]

  • Ö -- Island
  • Öl -- Beer
  • Örn -- Eagle
  • Öst -- East prep.
  • Öster -- East n.
  • Önska -- Wish v.
  • Önskning -- Wish n.