Spanish by Choice/SpanishPod lessons/Print version

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version 2014–12–21 of
Spanish by Choice: Part 1

The current, editable version of this book is available in Wikibooks, the open-content textbooks collection, at
//en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Spanish_by_Choice/SpanishPod_lessons

Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU Free Documentation License."

Attributions and Licenses

This wikibook was written by Martin Kraus and other Wikibooks contributors.

All lessons are based on SpanishPod lessons (http://spanishpod.com), which are licensed by PraxisLanguage Ltd. (http://praxislanguage.com) under a Creative Commons 3.0 Unported license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).

All images are available on WikiMedia Commons (http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/) unless stated otherwise. Image credits appear at the end of each lesson except for the following images, which mark section headings in many lessons:

  • section “dialogue”: “Image:Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png” by Everaldo Coelho and YellowIcon (GNU Lesser General Public License)
  • section “dialogue with translation”: “Image:Crystal_Clear_app_kdict.png” by Everaldo Coelho and YellowIcon (GNU Lesser General Public License)
  • section “more vocabulary”: “Image:Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png” by David Vignoni (GNU Lesser General Public License)
  • section “exercises”: “Image:Nuvola apps filetypes.svg” by Richtom80 (GNU Lesser General Public License)


Dedication

Martin dedicates this part of this wikibook to the SpanishPod team: Estibalitz (Esti) Gete Moreno, Jorge Leonardo (Leo) Guerrero Vargas, Liliana (Lili) Mata, and John Patrick (JP) Villanueva (in alphabetic order). While this part is not officially authored by them, it is only derived work of the stupendous podcast they are creating every day.


Table of Contents

Attributions and Licenses
Dedication
Table of Contents
Foreword
A0001: Are you ready yet?
A0002: Birthday party
A0003: At the bar
A0004: She's not Mexican
A0005: Take a picture
A0006: How's it going?
A0007: Where are you from?
A0008: How do you say ...?
A0010: I'm hungry
A0011: Call me
A0013: Doing the laundry
A0015: Table for two
A0016: I feel sick
A0019: How do you spell ‘beige’?
A0021: I'm sleepy
A0023: Going to the market
A0027: The neighbor
A0030: Call back later
A0033: It's expensive
A0035: Is anyone in there?
A0037: The baby is sleeping
A0041: Cheers!
A0047: Coffee time
A0052: Smells good
A0056: What time is the train?
A0062: At the bank
A0066: Bottle of water
A0072: Here is my card
A0076: Jet-lag
A0082: My name is...
A0086: Are you single?
A0092: How old are you?
A0096: I am allergic
A0102: Where is the restroom?
A0106: Room service
A0112: What is your telephone number?
A0116: Do you want a mint?
A0122: Telephone card
A0127: Flirting
A0131: I miss them
GNU Free Documentation License

Foreword

This first part of the wikibook Spanish by Choice (http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Spanish_by_Choice) accompanies a set of SpanishPod audio lessons for beginners without prior knowledge of Spanish (“newbies”). These audio lessons are included in the online version of this wikibook in the Ogg Vorbis format. MP3 files are available at http://spanishpod.com

This print version of the wikibook includes transcripts of the lesson dialogues with translations, vocabulary lists, lists of grammatically related words, and translation exercises based on the dialogues. Apart from the audio lessons, the online version of this wikibook also offers additional links to related Wikipedia articles and an index of all lines of the lesson dialogues.

The lessons can be studied in any order; thus, readers are free to choose lessons according to their preferences. It is not necessary to study all lessons; however, it is very recommendable to review the lessons as often as possible. Also, it is necessary to have fun while studying these lessons. Seriously!

 




 

A0001: Are You Ready yet?

Introduction

Sometimes people are just too slow! And then they hurry too much! In this lesson JP and Liliana teach us how to create time pressure and how to react to it and—most importantly—to relax. The keyword is tranquila – relaxed (for feminine nouns).

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

hombre: ¿Ya estás lista?
mujer: ¡Espera un momento!
hombre: Tranquila. Todavía tenemos tiempo.
mujer: Menos mal.
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

hombre: ¿Ya estás lista?
already (you) are ready
man: Are you ready yet?
mujer: ¡Espera un momento!
(you) wait a moment
woman: Wait a moment!
hombre: Tranquila. Todavía tenemos tiempo.
relaxed still (we) have time
man: Relax! We still have time.
mujer: Menos mal.
less badly
woman: Good.
el tiempo – the time

Vocabulary for Dialogue

el hombre noun (masculine) the man
la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
ya adverb already
estar verb (infinitive) to be
(tú) estás verb (present tense) you are (informal, singular)
listo/lista adjective (m./f.) ready
esperar verb (infinitive) to wait
¡(tú) espera! verb (imperative) (you) wait! (informal, singular)
un/una article (m./f.) a
el momento noun (masculine) the moment
tranquilo/tranquila adjective (m./f.) relaxed, calm
todavía adverb still
tener verb (infinitive) to have
(nosotros/-as) tenemos verb (present tense) we have
el tiempo noun (masculine) the time
menos adverb less
mal adverb badly
menos mal phrase OK, good
el tiempo – the weather

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

el tiempo noun (masculine) the time, the weather
¿cómo? adverb how?
¿Cómo está el tiempo? phrase How is the weather?
el clima noun (masculine) the climate, the weather
tranquilos/tranquilas adjective (plural, m./f.) relaxed, calm
¡(usted) espere! verb (imperative) (you) wait! (formal, singular)
¡(ustedes) esperen! verb (imperative) (you) wait! (formal, plural)
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

esperar infinitive to wait
¡(tú) espera! imperative (you) wait! (informal, singular)
¡(usted) espere! (you) wait! (formal, singular)
¡(nosotros/-as) esperemos! (let's) wait! (m./f.)
¡(vosotros/-as) esperad! (you) wait! (informal, plural, m./f.)
¡(ustedes) esperen! (you) wait! (formal, plural)
 
estar infinitive to be
(yo) estoy present tense I am
(tú) estás you are (informal, singular)
(él/ella) está he/she(/it) is
(usted) está you are (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) estamos we are (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) estáis you are (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) están they are (m./f.)
(ustedes) están you are (formal, plural)
 
tener infinitive to have
(yo) tengo present tense I have
(tú) tienes you have (informal, singular)
(él/ella) tiene he/she(/it) has
(usted) tiene you have (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) tenemos we have (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) tenéis you have (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) tienen they have (m./f.)
(ustedes) tienen you have (formal, plural)
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

¿Ya estás lista? Are you ready yet?
¡Espera un momento! Wait a moment!
Tranquila. Todavía tenemos tiempo. Relax! We still have time.
Menos mal. Good./Less bad.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

Are you ready yet? ¿Ya estás listo/lista?
Wait a moment! ¡Espera un momento!
Relax! We still have time. Tranquilo/tranquila. Todavía tenemos tiempo.
Good (= less bad). Menos mal.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

Do we have time? ¿Tenemos tiempo?
We still have time. Todavía tenemos tiempo.
Do we still have a moment? ¿Todavía tenemos un momento?
We still have a moment. Todavía tenemos un momento.
Are you ready? ¿Estás listo/lista?
Wait a moment! ¡Espera un momento!
Relax! We still have time. Tranquilo/tranquila. Todavía tenemos tiempo.
Good (= less bad). Menos mal.
Are you already relaxed? ¿Ya estás tranquilo/tranquila?

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

Are you ready yet? (formal) ¿Ya está listo/lista (usted)?
Wait a moment! (formal) ¡Espere un momento!
Relax! I still have time. Tranquilo/tranquila. Todavía tengo tiempo.
Good (= less bad). Menos mal.

Image Credits

 




 

A0002: Birthday Party

Introduction

How to ask someone to go together to a birthday party—in Spanish? With Liliana's and JP's guidance it's pretty easy. Of course, that doesn't mean that the answer is always “yes”! In any case, the keyword is la fiesta de cumpleaños – the birthday party.

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

hombre: ¡Hola! ¿Vas a la fiesta?
mujer: ¿Cuál fiesta?
hombre: La fiesta de cumpleaños de Javier.
mujer: Sí voy a ir. ¿Vamos juntos?
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

hombre: ¡Hola! ¿Vas a la fiesta?
hello (you) go to the party
man: Hello! Are you going to the party?
mujer: ¿Cuál fiesta?
which party
woman: What party?
hombre: La fiesta de cumpleaños de Javier.
the party of birthday of Javier
man: Javier's birthday party.
mujer: voy a ir. ¿Vamos juntos?
yes (I) go to go (we) go together
woman: Sure I'm going to go. Shall we go together?
el cumpleaños – the birthday
juntos/juntas – together

Vocabulary for Dialogue

el hombre noun (masculine) the man
la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
¡hola! interjection hi!, hello!
ir verb (infinitive) to go
(tú) vas verb (present tense) you go (informal, singular)
a preposition to
la fiesta noun (feminine) the party
¿cuál? interrogative pronoun what?, which?
de preposition of
el cumpleaños noun (masculine) the birthday
la fiesta de cumpleaños phrase the birthday party
Javier noun (masculine) Javier
adverb yes, sure
(yo) voy verb (present tense) I go
(yo) voy a ir phrase I am going to go
(nosotros/-as) vamos verb (present tense) we go (m./f.)
junto/junta adjective (m./f.) together
juntos/juntas adjective (plural, m./f.) together

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

la piñata noun (feminine) traditional Mexican game
el mariachi noun (masculine) traditional Mexican band or musician
el sombrero noun (masculine) the hat
los sombreros noun (plural, masculine) the hats
el trío noun (masculine) the trio
el bolero noun (masculine) the melancholic love song
los boleros noun (plural, masculine) the melancholic love songs
hasta preposition until
luego adverb then
hasta luego phrase see you later
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

ir infinitive to go
(yo) voy present tense I go
(tú) vas you go (informal, singular)
(él/ella) va he/she(/it) goes
(usted) va you go (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) vamos we go (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) vais you go (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) van they go (m./f.)
(ustedes) van you go (formal, plural)
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

¡Hola! ¿Vas a la fiesta? Hello! Are you going to the party?
¿Cuál fiesta? What party?
La fiesta de cumpleaños de Javier. Javier's birthday party/the birthday party of Javier.
Sí voy a ir. ¿Vamos juntos? Sure/yes I'm going to go. Shall we go together?

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

Hello! Do you go to the party? ¡Hola! ¿Vas a la fiesta?
Which party? ¿Cuál fiesta?
The birthday party of Javier. La fiesta de cumpleaños de Javier.
Sure I'm going to go. Do we go together? Sí voy a ir. ¿Vamos juntos?

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

Are you going to go to the party? ¿Vas a ir a la fiesta?
Yes, I'm going to go to the party of Javier. Sí, voy a ir a la fiesta de Javier.
Are we going to go together to the party? ¿Vamos a ir juntos a la fiesta?
What party? ¿Cuál fiesta?
Hello? Javier's party. ¿Hola? La fiesta de Javier.
Yes, the birthday party of Javier. Sí, la fiesta de cumpleaños de Javier.
Yes. Do we go together to the party? Sí. ¿Vamos juntos a la fiesta?
Sure I am going to go to the party. Sí voy a ir a la fiesta.

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

Hello! Do you go to the party? (formal) ¡Hola! ¿(Usted) va a la fiesta?
Which party? ¿Cuál fiesta?
The birthday party of Javier. La fiesta de cumpleaños de Javier.
Sure I'm going to go. Do you go together? (formal, plural) Sí voy a ir. ¿(Ustedes) van juntos?

Image Credits

  • “Image:Nuvola apps 3 cookie.png” by David Vignoni (GNU Lesser General Public License)
  • “Image:Tango couple closeup.jpg” by Christian Aastrup (Public Domain)
 




 

A0003: At the Bar

Introduction

Ordering beer, one of the essential surviving techniques in the civilized world. At least for some people. Probably the keyword una cerveza – a beer is sufficient to order beer, but in the civilized world we might want to use a few more words. JP and Liliana tell us all about it.

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

hombre: Buenas tardes. ¿Qué le sirvo?
mujer: Quiero una cerveza.
hombre: ¿Clara u obscura?
mujer: Obscura por favor.
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

hombre: Buenas tardes. ¿Qué le sirvo?
good afternoons what (to) you (I) serve
man: Good afternoon. What can I serve you?
mujer: Quiero una cerveza.
(I) want a beer
woman: I'd like a beer.
hombre: ¿Clara u obscura?'
clear or dark
man: Regular or dark?
mujer: Obscura por favor.
dark please
woman: Dark, please.
la cerveza – the beer

Vocabulary for Dialogue

el hombre noun (masculine) the man
la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
bueno/buena adjective (m./f.) good
buenos/buenas adjective (plural, m./f.) good
la tarde noun (feminine) the afternoon
las tardes noun (plural, feminine) the afternoons
buenas tardes phrase good afternoon
¿qué? interrogative pronoun what?
le indirect object pronoun (to) you (formal, singular)
servir verb (infinitive) to serve
(yo) sirvo verb (present tense) I serve
querer verb (infinitive) to want, to like
(yo) quiero verb (present tense) I want, I like
uno number one
un/una article (m./f.) a
la cerveza noun (feminine) the beer
claro/clara adjective (m./f.) clear, bright
o conjunction or
u conjunction (before “o”) or
obscuro/obscura adjective (m./f.) dark
por favor phrase please
el vino tinto – the red wine

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

¿Me da una cerveza por favor? phrase Do you give me a beer, please?
cerveza light phrase light beer
la cerveza clara phrase the regular beer
claros/claras adjective (plural, m./f.) clear, bright
la cerveza obscura phrase the dark beer
obscuros/obscuras adjective (plural, m./f.) dark
el vino noun (masculine) the wine
blanco/blanca adjective (m./f.) white
el vino blanco phrase the white wine
el vino tinto phrase the red wine
la michelada noun (feminine) the beer with lime, salt, and sauces
Méjico/México lindo phrase beautiful Mexico
hasta luego phrase see you later
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

me indirect object pronoun (to) me
te (to) you (informal, singular)
le (to) him/her(/it)
le (to) you (formal, singular)
nos (to) us
os (to) you (informal, plural)
les (to) them
les (to) you (formal, plural)
 
servir infinitive I serve
(yo) sirvo present tense I serve
(tú) sirves you serve (informal, singular)
(él/ella) sirve he/she(/it) serves
(usted) sirve you serve (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) servimos we serve (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) servís you serve (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) sirven they serve (m./f.)
(ustedes) sirven you serve (formal, plural)
 
querer infinitive to want
(yo) quiero present tense I want
(tú) quieres you want (informal, singular)
(él/ella) quiere he/she(/it) wants
(usted) quiere you want (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) queremos we want (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) queréis you want (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) quieren they want (m./f.)
(ustedes) quieren you want (formal, plural)
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

Buenas tardes. ¿Qué le sirvo? Good afternoon. What can I serve you?
Quiero una cerveza. I'd like a beer.
¿Clara u obscura? Regular or dark?
Obscura por favor. Dark, please.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

Good afternoon. What do I serve you? (formal) Buenas tardes. ¿Qué le sirvo?
I'd like a beer. Quiero una cerveza.
Regular or dark? ¿Clara u obscura?
Dark, please. Obscura por favor.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

Good afternoon. Buenas tardes.
Good. (plural, feminine) Buenas. (short for buenas tardes)
I want one, please. Quiero una por favor.
What? ¿Qué?
One afternoon, please. Una tarde por favor.
Good. What can I serve you? (formal) Bueno. ¿Qué le sirvo?
I want a ... Quiero un/una ...
A beer or a red wine or a white wine? ¿Una cerveza o un vino tinto o un vino blanco?
I'd like a good beer. Quiero una cerveza buena.
A good beer? A dark beer? ¿Una cerveza buena? ¿Una cerveza obscura?
I want a michelada, please. Quiero una michelada por favor.
Good. I serve you a good michelada. (formal) Bueno. Le sirvo una michelada buena.
Good. Bueno.
Good. Bueno.

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

Good afternoon. What do I serve you? (formal, plural) Buenas tardes. ¿Qué les sirvo?
We like a beer. Queremos una cerveza.
Regular or dark? ¿Clara u obscura?
Dark, please. Obscura por favor.

Image Credits

  • “Image:Canya cervesa2.jpg” by Jordi Coll Costa (GNU Free Documentation License)
  • “Image:Red Wine Glas.jpg” by André Karwath aka Aka (Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 2.5 License)
 




 

A0004: She's not Mexican

Introduction

Talking about others can be a lot of fun. To get started, JP and Liliana show us how to talk about the nationality of someone. Keywords are ¿Cómo se llama? – What's his/her name?, mexicana – Mexican (woman/girl), and guatemalteca – Guatemalan (woman/girl).

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

hombre: ¿Cómo se llama tu amiga mexicana?
mujer: Se llama Tatiana. Pero no es mexicana. Es guatemalteca.
hombre: ¿De verdad? ¿De qué parte de Guatemala?
mujer: De Antigua.
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

hombre: ¿Cómo se llama tu amiga mexicana?
how herself (she) calls your friend Mexican
man: How does your Mexican friend call herself?
mujer: Se llama Tatiana. Pero no es mexicana. Es guatemalteca.
herself (she) calls Tatiana but not (she) is Mexican (she) is Guatemalan
woman: She calls herself Tatiana. But she is not Mexcian. She is Guatemalan.
hombre: ¿De verdad? ¿De qué parte de Guatemala?
really from what part of Guatemala
man: Really? From what part of Guatemala?
mujer: De Antigua.
from Antigua
woman: From Antigua.
Antigua, Guatemala

Vocabulary for Dialogue

el hombre noun (masculine) the man
la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
¿cómo? adverb how?
se reflexive pronoun himself/herself/itself
llamarse verb (infinitive) to call oneself, to be called
(élla) se llama verb (present tense) she calls herself, she is called, her name is
tu possessive adjective your (informal, singular)
la amiga noun (feminine) the friend
el amigo noun (masculine) the friend
mexicano/mexicana adjective (m./f.) Mexican
Tatiana noun (feminine) Tatiana
pero conjunction but
no adverb not
ser verb (infinitive) to be
(él/ella) es verb (present tense) he/she(/it) is
guatemalteco/guatemalteca adjective (m./f.) Guatemalan
de verdad phrase really
de preposition from, of
¿qué? interrogative pronoun what?, which?
la parte noun (feminine) the part
Guatemala noun (feminine) Guatemala
Antigua noun (feminine) Antigua

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

(tú) te llamas verb (present tense) you call yourself, your name is (informal, singular)
¿Cómo te llamas? phrase How do you call yourself? What is your name?
Volcán de Agua noun (masculine) Volcán de Agua (Volcano of Water)
panameño/panameña adjective (m./f.) Panamanian
colombiano/colombiana adjective (m./f.) Colombian
brasileño/brasileña adjective (m./f.) Brazilian
americano/americana adjective (m./f.) American
estadounidense adjective (m./f.) (US) American
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

me reflexive pronoun myself
te yourself (informal, singular)
se himself/herself(/itself)
se yourself (formal, singular)
nos ourselves, each other
os yourselves, each other (informal, plural)
se themselves, each other
se yourselves, each other (formal, plural)
 
llamarse verb (infinitive) to call oneself, to be called
(yo) me llamo verb (present tense) I call myself
(tú) te llamas you call yourself (informal, singular)
(él/ella) se llama he/she(/it) calls himself/herself(/itself)
(usted) se llama you call yourself (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) nos llamamos we call ourselves (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) os llamáis you call yourselves (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) se llaman they call themselves (m./f.)
(ustedes) se llaman you call yourselves (formal, plural)
 
mi possessive adjective my
mis poss. adjective (plural) my
tu possessive adjective your (informal, singular)
tus poss. adjective (plural) your (informal, singular)
su possessive adjective his/her(/its)/their
sus poss. adjective (plural) his/her(/its)/their
su possessive adjective your (formal)
sus poss. adjective (plural) your (formal)
nuestro/nuestra poss. adjective (m./f.) our
nuestros/nuestras poss. adj. (plural, m./f.) our
vuestro/vuestra poss. adjective (m./f.) your (informal, plural)
vuestros/vuestras poss. adj. (plural, m./f.) your (informal, plural)
 
ser infinitive to be
(yo) soy present tense I am
(tú) eres you are (informal, singular)
(él/ella) es he/she(/it) is
(usted) es you are (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) somos we are (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) sois you are (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) son they are (m./f.)
(ustedes) son you are (formal, plural)
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

¿Cómo se llama tu amiga mexicana? How does your Mexican friend call herself?
Se llama Tatiana. Pero no es mexicana. Es guatemalteca. She calls herself Tatiana. But she is not Mexcian. She is Guatemalan.
¿De verdad? ¿De qué parte de Guatemala? Really? From what part of Guatemala?
De Antigua. From Antigua.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

What's the name of your Mexican friend? ¿Cómo se llama tu amiga mexicana?
Her name is Tatiana. But she isn't Mexican. She is Guatemalan. Se llama Tatiana. Pero no es mexicana. Es guatemalteca.
Really? From which part of Guatemala? ¿De verdad? ¿De qué parte de Guatemala?
From Antigua. De Antigua.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

What's the name of your friend (masculine)? ¿Cómo se llama tu amigo?
My friend? ¿Mi amigo?
Your friend from Guatemala. Tu amigo de Guatemala.
He's not Guatemalan. No es guatemalteco.
Really? Is he Panamanian? ¿De verdad? ¿Es panameño?
No, he's not Panamanian. No, no es panameño.
He is Colombian, isn't he? Es colombiano, ¿no?
No, he's not Colombian. No, no es colombiano.
Is he from Mexico? ¿Es de México?
No, he's not Mexican. No, no es mexicano.
But from which part of America is he? ¿Pero de qué parte de América es?
He is US American. Es estadounidense.
Really? What's his name? ¿De verdad? ¿Cómo se llama?
His name is John. Se llama John.

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

What's the name of your Mexican friends? (formal) ¿Cómo se llaman sus amigos mexicanos/amigas mexicanas?
Their names are Tatiana, ... But they aren't Mexican. They are Guatemalan. Se llaman Tatiana, ... Pero no son mexicanos/mexicanas. Son guatemaltecas/guatemaltecos.
Really? From which part of Guatemala? ¿De verdad? ¿De qué parte de Guatemala?
From Antigua. De Antigua.

Image Credits

  • “Image:Antigua Santa Catalina 2008 06.JPG” by Raymond Ostertag (Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 2.5 License)
 




 

A0005: Take a Picture

Introduction

Asking strangers for a favor can be pretty difficult for the less extrovert of us—even in our native language. But with a few Spanish words it's actually not that hard as Liliana and JP show us in this lesson. The keyphrase is tomar una foto – to take a picture.

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

hombre: ¡Señorita!
mujer: ¿Sí?
hombre: ¡Disculpe! ¿Nos podría tomar una foto por favor?
mujer: ¿Cómo no? ¡Sonrían!
hombre: Gracias.
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

hombre: ¡Señorita!
miss
man: Miss!
mujer: ¿Sí?
yes
woman: Yes?
hombre: ¡Disculpe! ¿Nos podría tomar una foto por favor?
(you) excuse (for) us (you) could take a photo please
man: Excuse me, could you please take a picture for us?
mujer: ¿Cómo no? ¡Sonrían!
how not (you) smile
woman: How could I not? Smile!
hombre: Gracias.
thanks
man: Thanks.
la señorita – the miss

Vocabulary for Dialogue

el hombre noun (masculine) the man
la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
la señorita noun (feminine) the miss
adverb yes
disculpar verb (infinitive) to excuse
¡(usted) disculpe! verb (imperative) (you) excuse! (formal)
nos indirect object pronoun (to/for) us
poder verb (infinitive) can
(usted) podría verb (conditional tense) you could (formal)
tomar verb (infinitive) to take
un/una article (m./f.) a
la fotografía noun (feminine) the photo
la foto noun (feminine) the photo
por favor phrase please
¿cómo? adverb how?
no adverb not, no
sonreír verb (infinitive) to smile
¡(ustedes) sonrían! verb (imperative) (you) smile! (formal, plural)
gracias noun (plural, feminine) thanks

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

el señor noun (masculine) the mister
la tarea noun (feminine) the exercise
la señora noun (feminine) the mistress
Don Pedro phrase very respectful form of address
Doña Paula phrase very respectful form of address
hasta luego phrase see you soon
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

poder infinitive can
(yo) podría conditional tense I could
(tú) podrías you could (informal, singular)
(él/ella) podría he/she(/it) could
(usted) podría you could (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) podríamos we could (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) podríais you could (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) podrían they could (m./f.)
(ustedes) podrían you could (formal, plural)
 
me indirect object pronoun (to) me
te (to) you (informal, singular)
le (to) him/her(/it)
le (to) you (formal, singular)
nos (to) us
os (to) you (informal, plural)
les (to) them
les (to) you (formal, plural)
 
disculpar infinitive to excuse
¡(tú) disculpa! imperative (you) excuse! (informal, singular)
¡(usted) disculpe! (you) excuse! (formal, singular)
¡(nosotros/-as) disculpemos! (let's) excuse! (m./f.)
¡(vosotros/-as) disculpad! (you) excuse! (informal, plural, m./f.)
¡(ustedes) disculpen! (you) excuse! (formal, plural)
 
sonreír infinitive to smile
¡(tú) sonríe! imperative (you) smile! (informal, singular)
¡(usted) sonría! (you) smile! (formal, singular)
¡(nosotros/-as) sonriamos! (let's) smile! (m./f.)
¡(vosotros/-as) sonreíd! (you) smile! (informal, plural)
¡(ustedes) sonrían! (you) smile! (formal, plural)
 
tomar infinitive to take
(yo) tomo present tense I take
(tú) tomas you take (informal, singular)
(él/ella) toma he/she(/it) takes
(usted) toma you take (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) tomamos we take (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) tomáis you take (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) toman they take (m./f.)
(ustedes) toman you take (formal, plural)
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

¡Señorita! Miss!
¿Sí? Yes?
¡Disculpe! ¿Nos podría tomar una foto por favor? Excuse me, could you please take a picture for us?
¿Cómo no? ¡Sonrían! Of course./How could I not? Smile!
Gracias. Thanks.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

Miss! ¡Señorita!
Yes? ¿Sí?
Excuse me! Could you take a photo for us, please? (formal) ¡Disculpe! ¿Nos podría tomar una foto por favor?
Of course! Smile! (formal) ¿Cómo no? ¡Sonrían!
Thanks. Gracias.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

Sir! Excuse me! ¡Señor! ¡Disculpe!
Yes? ¿Sí?
Could you take a picture for us? ¿Nos podría tomar una foto?
No! ¡No!
Sir, please! Señor, ¡por favor!
Yes, of course. Sí, ¿cómo no?
Thanks! Gracias!
Sir, miss, smile. Señor, señorita, sonrían.

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

Miss! ¡Señorita!
Yes? ¿Sí?
Excuse me! Could you take a photo for me, please? (informal) ¡Disculpa! ¿Me podrías tomar una foto por favor?
Of course! Smile! (informal) ¿Cómo no? ¡Sonríe!
Thanks. Gracias.

Image Credits

  • “Image:Miss Rep Dominicana 07 Ada Aimee.jpg” by Jose Rosengurtt (GNU Free Documentation License)
 




 

A0006: How's It Going?

Introduction

It's really useful to know how to start a conversation in order to have one! Liliana and JP talk about all we need: greetings, compliments, and how to respond to them. The keyword is guapa – beautiful (for feminine nouns).

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

hombre: ¡Hola, guapa! ¿Cómo te va?
mujer: Bien, bien. ¿Y tú? ¿Qué tal?
hombre: Todo bien, gracias.
mujer: Me alegra.
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

hombre: ¡Hola, guapa! ¿Cómo te va?
hello beautiful how (for) you (it) goes
man: Hello, beautiful! How is it going for you?
mujer: Bien, bien. Y tú, ¿qué tal?
good good and you how so
woman: Good, good. And you, how are you?
hombre: Todo bien, gracias.
all good thanks
man: Everything's fine, thanks.
mujer: Me alegra.
me (it) delights
woman: That makes me happy.
guapo/guapa – handsome, beautiful

Vocabulary for Dialogue

el hombre noun (masculine) the man
la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
hola interjection hello
guapo/guapa adjective (m./f.) beautiful
¿cómo? adverb how?
te indirect object pronoun (to/for) you
ir verb (infinitive) to go
(él/ella) va verb (present tense) he/she(/it) goes
bien adverb well, good
y conjunction and
subject pronoun you
¿Qué tal? phrase How are you?
todo/toda adjective (m./f.) all
gracias phrase thanks
me indirect object pronoun (to/for) me
alegrar verb (infinitive) to delight
(él/ella) alegra verb (present tense) he/she(/it) delights
lindo/linda – nice, pretty

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

hacer verb (infinitive) to make
(tú) haces verb (present tense) you make (informal, singular)
¿Cómo haces tacos? phrase How do you make tacos? (informal, singular)
poder verb (infinitive) can
(tú) puedes verb (present tense) you can (informal, singular)
los direct object pronoun them
¿Cómo los puedes hacer? phrase How can you make them? (informal, singular)
lindo/linda adjective (m./f.) nice, pretty
feo/fea adjective (m./f.) ugly
¡Hola, guapo! phrase Hello, handsome!
hasta luego phrase see you later
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

me indirect object pronoun (to) me
te (to) you (informal, singular)
le (to) him/her(/it)
le (to) you (formal, singular)
nos (to) us
os (to) you (informal, plural)
les (to) them
les (to) you (formal, plural)
 
ir infinitive to go
(yo) voy present tense I go
(tú) vas you go (informal, singular)
(él/ella) va he/she(/it) goes
(usted) va you go (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) vamos we go (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) vais you go (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) van they go (m./f.)
(ustedes) van you go (formal, plural)
 
alegrar infinitive to delight
(yo) alegro present tense I delight
(tú) alegras you delight (informal, singular)
(él/ella) alegra he/she(/it) delights
(usted) alegra you delight (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) alegramos we delight (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) alegráis you delight (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) alegran they delight (m./f.)
(ustedes) alegran you delight (formal, plural)
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

¡Hola, guapa! ¿Cómo te va? Hello, beautiful! How is it going for you?
Bien, bien. ¿Y tú? ¿Qué tal? Good, good. And you, how are you?
Todo bien, gracias. Everything's fine, thanks.
Me alegra. That makes me happy.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

Hello, beautiful (feminine)! How is it going for you? ¡Hola, guapa! ¿Cómo te va?
Good, good. And you? How are you? Bien, bien. ¿Y tú? ¿Qué tal?
Everything's fine, thanks. Todo bien, gracias.
That makes me happy. Me alegra.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

Hello, handsome (masculine)! ¡Hola, guapo!
Hello, ugly (feminine)! How are you? ¡Hola, fea! ¿Cómo te va? (or: ¿Qué tal?)
Everything's fine. Thanks, ugly (masculine). And you? Todo bien. Gracias, feo. ¿Y tú?
Good. Everything goes fine. Bien. Todo va bien.
How good! I'm delighted. ¡Qué bien! Me alegra.

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

Hello, beautiful (feminine)! How is it going for you? (formal) ¡Hola, guapa! ¿Cómo le va?
Good, good. And you? How are you? (formal) Bien, bien. ¿Y usted? ¿Qué tal?
Everything's fine, thanks. Todo bien, gracias.
That makes us happy. Nos alegra.

Image Credits

  • “Image:Gael garcia bernal.jpg” by Che at cs.wikipedia (Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 2.0 License)
  • “Image:Lindo Sol em Plataforma.jpg” by Tiago Celestino (Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 License)
 




 

A0007: Where Are You from?

Introduction

Yes, this is about the easiest way to find something to talk about: asking where people are from. Invaluable small talk strategies offered by Liliana and JP. Keywords are Perú – Peru and Colombia – Colombia.

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

mujer: ¿De dónde eres?
hombre: Soy de Perú. ¿Y tú?
mujer: Yo soy de Colombia.
hombre: ¡Qué bien!
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

mujer: ¿De dónde eres?
from where (you) are
woman: Where are you from?
hombre: Soy de Perú. ¿Y tú?
(I) am from Peru and you
man: I'm from Peru. And you?
mujer: Yo soy de Colombia.
I am from Colombia
woman: I'm from Colombia.
hombre: ¡Qué bien!
how good
man: How nice!

Vocabulary for Dialogue

la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
el hombre noun (masculine) the man
de preposition from, of
¿dónde? adverb where?
¿de dónde? adverb from where?
ser verb (infinitive) to be
(tú) eres verb (present tense) you are (informal, singular)
(yo) soy verb (present tense) I am
Perú noun (masculine) Peru
y conjunction and
subject pronoun you (informal, singular)
yo subject pronoun I
Colombia noun (feminine) Colombia
¿qué? adverb how?, what?
bien adverb well, good

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

el ceviche noun (masculine) the citrus-marinated seafood salad
los incas noun (plural, masculine) the Incas
Machu Picchu noun (masculine) a Inca city
Gabriel García Márquez noun (masculine) a Colombian writer
Shakira Isabel Mebarak Ripoll noun (feminine) a Colombian goddess
hasta luego phrase see you later
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

ser infinitive to be
(yo) soy present tense I am
(tú) eres you are (informal, singular)
(él/ella) es he/she(/it) is
(usted) es you are (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) somos we are (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) sois you are (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) son they are (m./f.)
(ustedes) son you are (formal, plural)
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

¿De dónde eres? Where are you from?
Soy de Perú. ¿Y tú? I'm from Peru. And you?
Yo soy de Colombia. I'm from Colombia.
¡Qué bien! How nice!

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

Where are you from? ¿De dónde eres?
I'm from Peru. And you? Soy de Perú. ¿Y tú?
I'm from Colombia. Yo soy de Colombia.
How nice! ¡Qué bien!

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

Where are you from? ¿De dónde eres?
Where am I from? ¿De dónde soy?
From Peru, from Colombia, ...? ¿De Perú, de Colombia, ...?
Are you from Peru? ¿(Tú) eres de Perú?
I'm from Colombia. (Yo) soy de Colombia.
How nice! ¡Qué bien!
And you? ¿Y tú?
What? ¿Qué?
Where are you from? ¿De dónde eres?

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

Where are you from? (formal) ¿De dónde es (usted)?
I'm from Peru. And you? (formal, plural) Soy de Perú. ¿Y ustedes?
We are from Colombia. Nosotros somos de Colombia.
How nice! ¡Qué bien!
 




 

A0008: How Do You Say ...?

Introduction

Did you ever wonder how to say a particular word in Spanish? In this lesson, JP and Liliana tell us how to ask: “How do you say ... in Spanish?”—in Spanish that is. And that's also one of the keywords: el español – the Spanish language. The other keyword is: el inglés – the English language.

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

hombre: ¡Oye! ¿Cómo se dice internet en español?
mujer: Se dice internet.
hombre: ¿Igual que en inglés?
mujer: Sí, igual.
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

hombre: ¡Oye! ¿Cómo se dice internet en español?
listen how itself/one says internet in Spanish
man: Hey! How do you say internet in Spanish?
mujer: Se dice internet.
itself/one says internet
woman: You say internet.
hombre: ¿Igual que en inglés?
equal as in English
man: The same as in English?
mujer: Sí, igual.
yes equal
woman: Yes, the same.
el español – the Spanish

Vocabulary for Dialogue

el hombre noun (masculine) the man
la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
oír verb (infinitive) to hear
¡(tú) oye! verb (imperative) (you) hear, listen! (informal, singular)
¿cómo? adverb how?
se reflexive pronoun itself, one, you
decir verb (infinitive) to say
(él/ella) dice verb (present tense) he/she(/it) says
el internet noun (masculine) the internet
en preposition in
el español noun (masculine) the Spanish
igual adjective (m./f.) equal, same
que conjunction as, than
el inglés noun (masculine) the English
adverb yes
el perro caliente – the hot dog

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

¿Cómo se dice ...? phrase How do you say ...?
la pluma noun (feminine) the pen
el anglicismo noun (masculine) the anglicism
los anglicismos noun (plural, masculine) the anglicisms
hacer verb (infinitive) to make
hacer clic phrase to click
el perro caliente phrase the hot dog
ser verb (infinitive) to be
(él) es verb (present tense) he is
muy adverb very
Él es muy nerd. phrase He is a nerd.
este/esta pronoun (m./f.) that
la situación noun (feminine) the situation
friky adjective (m./f.) freaky
Esta situación es muy friky. phrase That situation is very freaky.
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

oír infinitive to hear
¡(tú) oye! imperative (you) hear! (informal, singular)
¡(usted) oiga! (you) hear! (formal, singular)
¡(nosotros/-as) oigamos! (let's) hear! (m./f.)
¡(vosotros/-as) oíd! (you) hear! (informal, plural, m./f.)
¡(ustedes) oigan! (you) hear! (formal, plural)
 
decir infinitive to say
(yo) digo present tense I say
(tú) dices you say (informal, singular)
(él/ella) dice he/she(/it) says
(usted) dice you say (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) decimos we say (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) decís you say (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) dicen they say (m./f.)
(ustedes) dicen you say (formal, plural)
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

¡Oye! ¿Cómo se dice internet en español? Hey! How do you say internet in Spanish?
Se dice internet. You say internet.
¿Igual que en inglés? The same as in English?
Sí, igual. Yes, the same.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

Listen! How do you say internet in Spanish? ¡Oye! ¿Cómo se dice internet en español?
You say internet. Se dice internet.
The same as in English? ¿Igual que en inglés?
Yes, the same. Sí, igual.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

How do you say tequila in Spanish? ¿Cómo se dice tequila en español?
How? ¿Cómo? (short for ¿Cómo dice? – What do you say? (formal))
How do you say tequila? ¿Cómo se dice tequila?
Tequila. It is Spanish! Tequila. ¡Es español!
One says tequila in Spanish? ¿Se dice tequila en español?
Yes, you say tequila. Sí, se dice tequila.
The same as in English! ¡Igual que en inglés!
Yes, the same. Sí, igual.

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

Listen! How do you say internet in Spanish? (formal) ¡Oiga! ¿Cómo se dice internet en español?
You say internet. Se dice internet.
The same as in English? ¿Igual que en inglés?
Yes, the same. Sí, igual.

Image Credits

  • “Image:Flag of Spain.svg” by Pedro A. Gracia Fajardo (Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication)
  • “Image:NCI Visuals Food Hot Dog.jpg” by Renee Comet (Public Domain)
 




 

A0010: I'm Hungry

Introduction

Make sure to eat something before you listen to this lesson. Liliana and JP keep talking about keywords such as hambre – hunger, tengo hambre – I'm hungry, and restaurante italiano – Italian restaurant until they have to stop recording because they are too hungry!

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

hombre: Tengo hambre.
mujer: Yo también. ¿Vamos a comer?
hombre: Sí, quiero ir a un restaurante italiano.
mujer: Buena idea.
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

hombre: Tengo hambre.
(I) have hunger
man: I'm hungry.
mujer: Yo también. ¿Vamos a comer?
I too (we) go to eat
woman: Me too. Are we going to eat?
hombre: Sí, quiero ir a un restaurante italiano.
yes (I) want go to a restaurant Italian
man: Yes, I want to go to a Italian restaurant.
mujer: Buena idea.
good idea
woman: Good idea.


Vocabulary for Dialogue

el hombre noun (masculine) the man
la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
tener verb (infinitive) to have
(yo) tengo verb (present tense) I have
el hambre noun (feminine) the hunger
tener hambre phrase to have hunger, to be hungry
(yo) tengo hambre phrase I have hunger, I'm hungry
yo subject pronoun I
también adverb too, also
ir verb (infinitive) to go
(nosotros/-as) vamos verb (present tense) we go (m./f.)
a preposition to
comer verb (infinitive) to eat
adverb yes
querer verb (infinitive) to want, to like, to love
(yo) quiero verb (present tense) I want
un/una article (m./f.) a, one
el restaurante noun (masculine) the restaurant
italiano/italiana adjective (m./f.) Italian
bueno/buena adjective (m./f.) good
la idea noun (feminine) the idea
el tamarindo – the tamarind

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

español/española adjective (m./f.) Spanish
francés/francesa adjective (m./f.) French
la sed noun (feminine) the thirst
tener sed phrase to have thirst, to be thirsty
(yo) tengo sed phrase I have thirst, I'm thirsty
comida corrida phrase small menu at fixed price
el tamarindo noun (masculine) the tamarind
hasta luego phrase see you later
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

tener infinitive to have
(yo) tengo present tense I have
(tú) tienes you have (informal, singular)
(él/ella) tiene he/she(/it) has
(usted) tiene you have (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) tenemos we have (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) tenéis you have (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) tienen they have (m./f.)
(ustedes) tienen you have (formal, plural)
 
ir infinitive to go
(yo) voy present tense I go
(tú) vas you go (informal, singular)
(él/ella) va he/she(/it) goes
(usted) va you go (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) vamos we go (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) vais you go (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) van they go (m./f.)
(ustedes) van you go (formal, plural)
 
querer infinitive to want
(yo) quiero present tense I want
(tú) quieres you want (informal, singular)
(él/ella) quiere he/she(/it) wants
(usted) quiere you want (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) queremos we want (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) queréis you want (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) quieren they want (m./f.)
(ustedes) quieren you want (formal, plural)
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

Tengo hambre. I'm hungry.
Yo también. ¿Vamos a comer? Me too. Are we going to eat?
Sí, quiero ir a un restaurante italiano. Yes, I want to go to a Italian restaurant.
Buena idea. Good idea.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

I'm hungry. Tengo hambre.
Me too. Are we going to eat? Yo también. ¿Vamos a comer?
Yes, I want to go to an Italian restaurant. Sí, quiero ir a un restaurante italiano.
Good idea. Buena idea.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

I want to go to a restaurant Quiero ir a un restaurante.
Good idea! I'm hungry, too. ¡Buena idea! Tengo hambre también.
Are we going to go to a French restaurant? ¿Vamos a ir a un restaurante francés?
I want to eat Spanish food. Yo quiero comer comida española.
Good. Let's go to a Spanish restaurant. Bueno. Vamos a un restaurante español.
Let's go! ¡Vamos!

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

We are hungry. Tenemos hambre.
We too. Are you going to eat? (informal, plural) Nosotros también. ¿Vais a comer?
Yes, we want to go to an Italian restaurant. Sí, queremos ir a un restaurante italiano.
Good idea. Buena idea.

Image Credits

  • “Image:Restaurante Antigua.JPG” by Charlie29 (Public Domain)
  • “Image:Tamarindus indica, leaves, pod.jpg” by Tauʻolunga (GNU Free Documentation License)
 




 

A0011: Call Me

Introduction

In this lesson, Liliana and JP tell us how to say goodbye and a lot of other very useful phrases, such as “right?”, “when?”, “let's see”, “I don't know”, “call me!”, and “OK”. The keyword is one of them: llámame – call me.

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

hombre: Nos vemos mañana, ¿no?
mujer: ¿A qué hora?
hombre: A ver, no sé. Llámame más tarde.
mujer: Vale. Hasta mañana.
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

hombre: Nos vemos mañana, ¿no?
(to) each other we see tomorrow no
man: We see each other tomorrow, right?
mujer: ¿A qué hora?
at what hour
woman: At what time?
hombre: A ver, no sé. Llámame más tarde.
to see no (I) know (you) call me more late
man: Let's see. I don't know. Call me later.
mujer: Vale. Hasta mañana.
(it) is valid until tomorrow
woman: OK, see you tomorrow.
la mañana – the morning

Vocabulary for Dialogue

el hombre noun (masculine) the man
la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
nos reflexive pronoun (to) ourselves, each other
ver verb (infinitive) to see
(nosotros/-as) vemos verb (present tense) we see (m./f.)
nos vemos phrase we see each other
mañana adverb tomorrow
la mañana noun (feminine) the morning
no adverb no
a preposition at, to
¿qué? interrogative pronoun what?, which?
la hora noun (feminine) the hour, the time
a ver phrase let's see
saber verb (infinitive) to know
(yo) sé verb (present tense) I know
llamar verb (infinitive) to call
me direct object pronoun me
¡(tú) llama! verb (imperative) (you) call! (informal, singular)
¡(tú) llámame! phrase (you) call me! (informal, singular)
más adverb more
tarde adverb late
más tarde phrase later
valer verb (infinitive) to be valid, to be worthy
(él/ella) vale verb (present tense) he/she(/it) is valid, worthy
vale interjection OK
hasta preposition until
la vaca – the cow

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

la vaca noun (feminine) the cow
la uve noun (feminine) the v
el burro noun (masculine) the donkey
be de burro phrase b as in burro
be grande phrase big b
hasta luego phrase see you
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

me reflexive pronoun myself
te yourself (informal)
se himself/herself(/itself)
se yourself (formal)
nos ourselves, each other
os yourselves, each other (informal)
se themselves, each other
se yourselves, each other (formal)
 
ver infinitive to see
(yo) veo present tense I see
(tú) ves you see (informal, singular)
(él/ella) ve he/she(/it) sees
(usted) ve you see (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) vemos we see (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) veis you see (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) ven they see (m./f.)
(ustedes) ven you see (formal, plural)
 
saber infinitive to know
(yo) sé present tense I know
(tú) sabes you know (informal, singular)
(él/ella) sabe he/she(/it) knows
(usted) sabe you know (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) sabemos we know (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) sabéis you know (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) saben they know (m./f.)
(ustedes) saben you know (formal, plural)
 
llamar infinitive to call
¡(tú) llama! imperative (you) call! (informal, singular)
¡(usted) llame! (you) call! (formal, singular)
¡(nosotros/-as) llamemos! (let's) call! (m./f.)
¡(vosotros/-as) llamad! (you) call! (informal, plural, m./f.)
¡(ustedes) llamen! (you) call! (formal, plural)
 
me direct object pronoun me
te you (informal, singular)
lo/la him/her(/it)
lo/la you (formal, singular, m./f.)
nos us
os you (informal, plural)
los/las them (m./f.)
los/las you (formal, plural, m./f.)
 
valer infinitive to be valid, worthy
(yo) valgo present tense I'm valid
(tú) vales you are valid (informal, singular)
(él/ella) vale he/she(/it) is valid
(usted) vale you are valid (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) valemos we are valid (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) valéis you are valid (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) valen they are valid (m./f.)
(ustedes) valen you are valid (formal, plural)
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

Nos vemos mañana, ¿no? We see each other tomorrow, right?
¿A qué hora? At what time?
A ver, no sé. Llámame más tarde. Let's see. I don't know. Call me later.
Vale. Hasta mañana. OK, see you tomorrow.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

We see each other tomorrow, right? Nos vemos mañana, ¿no?
At what time? ¿A qué hora?
Let's see. I don't know. Call me later. A ver, no sé. Llámame más tarde.
OK, see you tomorrow. Vale. Hasta mañana.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

When do we see each other? ¿A qué hora nos vemos?
Let's see. We see each other tomorrow. A ver. Nos vemos mañana.
At what time? ¿A qué hora?
I don't know. No sé.
OK. Call me. Vale. Llámame.
OK. When? Vale. ¿A qué hora?
I don't know! Later! ¡No sé! ¡Más tarde!
Tomorrow? ¿Mañana?
No! ¡No!

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

They see each other tomorrow, right? Se ven mañana, ¿no?
At what time? ¿A qué hora?
Let's see. They don't know. Call me later. (formal) A ver, no saben. Llámeme más tarde.
OK, see you tomorrow. Vale. Hasta mañana.

Image Credits

  • “Image:AndesEarlyAMArgentinoLake.jpg” by Calyponte (GNU Free Documentation License)
  • “Image:Cow portrait.jpg” by Pikaluk (Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 License)
 




 

A0013: Doing the Laundry

Introduction

Searching for something can be quite frustrating; thus, it's usually better to ask. Liliana and JP teach us how. Moreover, we learn about an easy way to express the future, how to say “there is” in Spanish, and more. The keywords are: no sé – I don't know; and ¿dónde? – where?

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

hombre: Voy a lavar la ropa. ¿Hay detergente?
mujer: Sí hay, abajo en la cocina.
hombre: ¿Dónde? ¿En qué parte?
mujer: No sé. ¡Búscalo!
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

hombre: Voy a lavar la ropa. ¿Hay detergente?
(I) go to wash the clothes there is detergent
man: I'm going to wash clothes. Is there detergent?
mujer: hay, abajo en la cocina.
yes there is down in the kitchen
woman: Yes, there is, downstairs in the kitchen.
hombre: ¿Dónde? ¿En qué parte?
where in what part
man: Where? In what part?
mujer: No sé. ¡Búscalo!
no (I) know (you) search it
woman: I don't know. Look for it.
la ropa – the clothes
la cocina – the kitchen

Vocabulary for Dialogue

el hombre noun (masculine) the man
la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
ir verb (infinitive) to go
(yo) voy verb (present tense) I go
a preposition to
lavar verb (infinitive) to wash
voy a lavar phrase I'm going to wash
la ropa noun (feminine) the clothes
hay verb (present tense) there is, there are
el detergente noun (masculine) the detergent
adverb yes
abajo adverb down, below, downstairs
en preposition in
la cocina noun (feminine) the kitchen
¿dónde? adverb where?
¿qué? interrogative pronoun what?
la parte noun (feminine) the part
no adverb no
saber verb (infinitive) to know
(yo) sé verb (present tense) I know
buscar verb (infinitive) to search
¡(tú) busca! verb (imperative) (you) search! (informal, singular)
lo direct object pronoun him, it
¡(tú) búscalo! phrase (you) look for it! (informal, singular)

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

la comida noun (feminine) the food
la gasolina noun (feminine) the gasoline
las mujeres noun (plural, feminine) the women
guapo/guapa adjective (m./f.) beautiful
guapos/guapas adjective (plural, m./f.) beautiful
la mujer guapa phrase the beautiful woman
las mujeres guapas phrase the beautiful women
comer verb (infinitive) to eat
voy a comer phrase I'm going to eat
bailar verb (infinitive) to dance
el cine noun (masculine) the cinema
al (= a el) phrase to the
voy al cine phrase I'm going to the movies
el teatro noun (masculine) the theater
voy al teatro phrase I'm going to the theater
hasta luego phrase see you later
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

ir infinitive to go
(yo) voy present tense I go
(tú) vas you go (informal, singular)
(él/ella) va he/she(/it) goes
(usted) va you go (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) vamos we go (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) vais you go (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) van they go (m./f.)
(ustedes) van you go (formal, plural)
 
saber infinitive to know
(yo) sé present tense I know
(tú) sabes you know (informal, singular)
(él/ella) sabe he/she(/it) knows
(usted) sabe you know (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) sabemos we know (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) sabéis you know (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) saben they know (m./f.)
(ustedes) saben you know (formal, plural)
 
buscar infinitive to search
¡(tú) busca! imperative (you) search! (informal, singular)
¡(usted) busque! (you) search! (formal, singular)
¡(nosotros/-as) busquemos! (let's) search! (m./f.)
¡(vosotros/-as) buscad! (you) search! (informal, plural, m./f.)
¡(ustedes) busquen! (you) search! (formal, plural)
 
me direct object pronoun me
te you (informal, singular)
lo/la him/her(/it)
lo/la you (formal, singular, m./f.)
nos us
os you (informal, plural)
los/las them (m./f.)
los/las you (formal, plural, m./f.)
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

Voy a lavar la ropa. ¿Hay detergente? I'm going to wash clothes. Is there detergent?
Sí hay, abajo en la cocina. Yes, there is, downstairs in the kitchen.
¿Dónde? ¿En qué parte? Where? In what part?
No sé. ¡Búscalo! I don't know. Look for it.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

I'm going to wash clothes. Is there detergent? Voy a lavar la ropa. ¿Hay detergente?
Yes, there is, downstairs in the kitchen. Sí hay, abajo en la cocina.
Where? In what part? ¿Dónde? ¿En qué parte?
I don't know. Look for it. No sé. ¡Búscalo!

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

I'm going to wash the clothes in the kitchen. Voy a lavar la ropa en la cocina.
There is no detergent. No hay detergente.
I'm going to look for it. Voy a buscarlo.
What? ¿Qué?
The detergent. El detergente.
There is no detergent! ¡No hay detergente!
Yes, I'm going to look for it. Sí, voy a buscarlo.
Where? ¿Dónde?
Downstairs in the kitchen. Abajo en la cocina.
In what part? ¿En qué parte?
I don't know. No sé.
Look for it. ¡Búscalo!

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

We're going to wash clothes. Is there detergent? Vamos a lavar la ropa. ¿Hay detergente?
Yes, there is, downstairs in the kitchen. Sí hay, abajo en la cocina.
Where? In what part? ¿Dónde? ¿En qué parte?
You don't know (informal). Let us look for it! No sabes. ¡Busquémoslo!

Image Credits

  • “Image:Santa Claus clothes.jpg” by Paul L (Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 2.0 License)
  • “Image:2005-11 Bocholt Textilmuseum 04.JPG” by Ziko-C (GNU Free Documentation License)
 




 

A0015: Table for Two

Introduction

Let's be polite!—Does it matter? Well, yes. At least you should know the difference. JP and Liliana talk us through it by discussing how to be seated in a restaurant. The keyword is: reservación – reservation.

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

hombre: Mesa para dos, si es tan amable.
mujer: ¿Tiene reservación?
hombre: No, no tengo.
mujer: No importa. Síganme por favor.
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

hombre: Mesa para dos, si es tan amable.
table for two if (you) are so kind
man: Table for two, if you'd be so kind.
mujer: ¿Tiene reservación?
(you) have reservation
woman: Do you have a reservation?
hombre: No, no tengo.
no not (I) have
man: No, I don't.
mujer: No importa. Síganme por favor.
not (it) matters (you) follow me please
woman: It doesn't matter. Follow me please.
seguir – to follow

Vocabulary for Dialogue

el hombre noun (masculine) the man
la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
la mesa noun (feminine) the table
para preposition for
dos number two
si conjunction if
ser verb (infinitive) to be
(usted) es verb (present tense) you are (formal, singular)
tan adverb so
amable adjective (m./f.) kind
tener verb (infinitive) to have
(usted) tiene verb (present tense) you have (formal, singular)
la reservación noun (feminine) the reservation
no adverb not, no
(yo) tengo verb (present tense) I have
importar verb (infinitive) to matter
(él/ella) importa verb (present tense) he/she(/it) matters
seguir verb (infinitive) to follow
¡(ustedes) sigan! verb (imperative) (you) follow! (formal, plural)
¡(ustedes) síganme! phrase (you) follow me! (formal, plural)
por favor phrase please

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

(tú) tienes verb (present tense) you have (informal, singular)
hasta luego phrase see you later
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

ser infinitive to be
(yo) soy present tense I am
(tú) eres you are (informal, singular)
(él/ella) es he/she(/it) is
(usted) es you are (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) somos we are (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) sois you are (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) son they are (m./f.)
(ustedes) son you are (formal, plural)
 
tener infinitive to have
(yo) tengo present tense I have
(tú) tienes you have (informal, singular)
(él/ella) tiene he/she(/it) has
(usted) tiene you have (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) tenemos we have (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) tenéis you have (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) tienen they have (m./f.)
(ustedes) tienen you have (formal, plural)
 
importar infinitive to matter
(yo) importo present tense I matter
(tú) importas you matter (informal, singular)
(él/ella) importa he/she(/it) matters
(usted) importa you matter (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) importamos we matter (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) importáis you matter (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) importan they matter (m./f.)
(ustedes) importan you matter (formal, plural)
 
seguir infinitive to follow
¡(tú) sigue! imperative (you) follow! (informal, singular)
¡(usted) siga! (you) follow! (formal, singular)
¡(nosotros/-as) sigamos! (let's) follow! (m./f.)
¡(vosotros/-as) seguid! (you) follow! (informal, plural)
¡(ustedes) sigan! (you) follow! (formal, plural)
 
me indirect object pronoun (to) me
te (to) you (informal, singular)
le (to) him/her(/it)
le (to) you (formal, singular)
nos (to) us
os (to) you (informal, plural)
les (to) them
les (to) you (formal, plural)


    
uno 1
dos 2
tres 3
cuatro 4
cinco 5
seis 6
siete 7
ocho 8
nueve 9
diez 10
once 11
doce 12
trece 13
catorce 14
quince 15
dieciséis 16
diecisiete 17
dieciocho 18
diecinueve 19
veinte 20
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

Mesa para dos, si es tan amable. Table for two, if you'd be so kind.
¿Tiene reservación? Do you have a reservation?
No, no tengo. No, I don't.
No importa. Síganme por favor. It doesn't matter. Follow me please.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

Table for two, if you are so kind. Mesa para dos, si es tan amable.
Do you have a reservation? ¿Tiene reservación?
No, I don't. No, no tengo.
It doesn't matter. Follow me please. No importa. Síganme por favor.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

A table for two, please. I don't have a reservation. Mesa para dos, por favor. No tengo reservación.
You don't have a reservation? ¿No tiene reservación?
No, I don't have. Does it matter? No, no tengo. ¿Importa?
No, it doesn't matter. No, no importa.
You are kind. Es amable.
For two? Follow me, please. ¿Para dos? Síganme, por favor.

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

Table for two, if you are so kind. (informal) Mesa para dos, si eres tan amable.
Do you have a reservation? (informal) ¿Tienes reservación?
No, we don't. No, no tenemos.
It doesn't matter. Follow me please. (informal, plural) No importa. Seguidme por favor.

Image Credits

  • “Image:Pied Piper with Children.jpg” by Kate Greenaway (Public Domain)
 




 

A0016: I Feel Sick

Introduction

It's never good when someone doesn't feel well but at least you can use the opportunity to start a small conversation in Spanish. The keywords are pobrecito – poor guy, and ¿Qué tienes? – What's wrong with you?

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

mujer: Hombre, ¿qué te pasa?
hombre: Me siento mal.
mujer: ¿Qué tienes?
hombre: Me duele el estómago.
mujer: Pobrecito.
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

mujer: Hombre, ¿qué te pasa?
man what (to) you (it) happens
woman: Hey, what's happening to you?
hombre: Me siento mal.
myself (I) feel badly
man: I don't feel so good.
mujer: ¿Qué tienes?
what (you) have
woman: What's wrong with you?
hombre: Me duele el estómago.
(to) me hurts the stomach
man: My stomach hurts.
mujer: Pobrecito.
poor guy
woman: Poor little dude.
el estómago – the stomach
pobre – poor

Vocabulary for Dialogue

el hombre noun (masculine) the man
la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
¿qué? interrogative pronoun what?
te indirect object pronoun (to) you
pasar verb (infinitive) to happen
(él/ella) pasa verb (present tense) he/she(/it) happens
se reflexive pronoun oneself
sentirse verb (infinitive) to feel (oneself)
me reflexive pronoun myself
(yó) me siento verb (present tense) I feel (myself)
mal adverb badly
tener verb (infinitive) to have
(tú) tienes verb (present tense) you have (informal, singular)
me indirect object pronoun (to) me
doler verb (infinitive) to hurt
(él/ella) duele verb (present tense) he/she(/it) hurts
el estómago noun (masculine) the stomach
pobre adjective (m./f.) poor
el pobrecito noun (masculine) the poor little guy

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

gordo/gorda adjective (m./f.) fat
el gordito noun (masculine) the chubby guy
poco/poca adjective (m./f.) little
el poquito noun (masculine) the little cute bit
hasta luego phrase see you later
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

me indirect object pronoun (to) me
te (to) you (informal, singular)
le (to) him/her(/it)
le (to) you (formal, singular)
nos (to) us
os (to) you (informal, plural)
les (to) them
les (to) you (formal, plural)
 
pasar infinitive to happen
(yo) paso present tense I happen
(tú) pasas you happen (informal, singular)
(él/ella) pasa he/she(/it) happens
(usted) pasa you happen (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) pasamos we happen (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) pasáis you happen (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) pasan they happen (m./f.)
(ustedes) pasan you happen (formal, plural)
 
me reflexive pronoun myself
te yourself (informal, singular)
se himself/herself(/itself)
se yourself (formal, singular)
nos ourselves, each other
os yourselves, each other (informal, plural)
se themselves, each other
se yourselves, each other (formal, plural)
 
sentirse infinitive to feel (oneself)
(yo) me siento present tense I feel (myself)
(tú) te sientes you feel (yourself) (informal, singular)
(él/ella) se siente he/she(/it) feels (himself/herself/itself)
(usted) se siente you feel (yourself) (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) nos sentimos we feel (ourselves) (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) os sentís you feel (yourselves) (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) se sienten they feel (themselves) (m./f.)
(ustedes) se sienten you feel (yourselves) (formal, plural)
 
tener infinitive to have
(yo) tengo present tense I have
(tú) tienes you have (informal, singular)
(él/ella) tiene he/she(/it) has
(usted) tiene you have (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) tenemos we have (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) tenéis you have (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) tienen they have (m./f.)
(ustedes) tienen you have (formal, plural)
 
doler infinitive to hurt
(yo) duelo present tense I hurt
(tú) dueles you hurt (informal, singular)
(él/ella) duele he/she(/it) hurts
(usted) duele you have (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) dolemos we hurt (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) doléis you hurt (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) duelen they hurt (m./f.)
(ustedes) duelen you hurt (formal, plural)
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

Hombre, ¿qué te pasa? Hey, what's happening to you?
Me siento mal. I don't feel so good.
¿Qué tienes? What's wrong with you?
Me duele el estómago. My stomach hurts.
Pobrecito. Poor little dude.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

Man, what's happening to you? Hombre, ¿qué te pasa?
I don't feel so good. Me siento mal.
What's wrong with you? ¿Qué tienes?
My stomach hurts. Me duele el estómago.
Poor guy. Pobrecito.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

Hey! ¡Hombre!
What's up? (= What happens?) ¿Qué pasa?
I feel very (= muy) bad. Me siento muy mal.
What's your problem? ¿Qué tienes?
I have a headache. (= The head (= la cabeza) hurts to me.) Me duele la cabeza.
I feel sorry. (= It (= lo) I feel.) Lo siento.

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

What's happening to you? (formal, plural) ¿Qué les pasa?
We don't feel so good. Nos sentimos mal.
What's wrong with you? (formal, plural) ¿Qué tienen (ustedes)?
My stomach hurts. Me duele el estómago.
Poor little guy. Pobrecito.

Image Credits

  • “Image:Stomach diagram.svg” by Indolences at en.wikipedia (Public Domain)
  • “Image:Carl Spitzweg 017.jpg” by Carl Spitzweg (Public Domain)
 




 

A0019: How Do You Spell ‘Beige’?

Introduction

You have a question? Liliana and JP tell us how to ask it. Specifically, they talk about a spelling question; thus, the keyword is be de burro – b as in donkey (b as in Bob).

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

hombre: Tengo una pregunta.
mujer: ¡Dime!
hombre: ¿Cómo se escribe beige?
mujer: ¿El color? Se escribe con be de burro, e, i, ge, e.
hombre: Gracias.
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

hombre: Tengo una pregunta.
(I) have a question
man: I have a question.
mujer: ¡Dime!
tell me
woman: Tell me!
hombre: ¿Cómo se escribe beige?
how itself/one writes beige
man: How do you write beige?
mujer: ¿El color? Se escribe con be de burro, e, i, ge, e.
the color itself/one writes with b of donkey, e, i, g, e
woman: The color? You write it with b as in Bob, e, i, g, e.
hombre: Gracias.
thanks
man: Thanks.
escribir – to write
el color – the color
el burro – the donkey

Vocabulary for Dialogue

el hombre noun (masculine) the man
la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
tener verb (infinitive) to have
(yo) tengo verb (present tense) I have
un/una article (m./f.) a
la pregunta noun (feminine) the question
decir verb (infinitive) to say
¡(tú) di! verb (imperative) (you) say! (informal, singular)
me indirect object pronoun (to) me
¡dime! phrase tell me!
¿cómo? adverb how?
se reflexive pronoun itself, one, you
escribir verb (infinitive) to write
(él/ella) escribe verb (present tense) he/she(/it) writes
beige adjective (m./f.) beige
el color noun (masculine) the color
con preposition with
de preposition of
el burro noun (masculine) the donkey
la be de burro phrase the b as in donkey
la e noun (feminine) the e
la i noun (feminine) the i
la ge noun (feminine) the g
gracias phrase thanks

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

¿Cómo se escribe? phrase How do you write?
la a noun (feminine) the a
la ce noun (feminine) the c
la ere noun (feminine) the r
la ese noun (feminine) the s
Parangaricutirimícuaro noun (masculine) a tongue twister
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

tener infinitive to have
(yo) tengo present tense I have
(tú) tienes you have (informal, singular)
(él/ella) tiene he/she(/it) has
(usted) tiene you have (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) tenemos we have (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) tenéis you have (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) tienen they have (m./f.)
(ustedes) tienen you have (formal, plural)
 
decir infinitive to say
¡(tú) di! imperative (you) say! (informal, singular)
¡(usted) diga! (you) say! (formal, singular)
¡(nosotros/-as) digamos! (let's) say! (m./f.)
¡(vosotros/-as) decid! (you) say! (informal, plural, m./f.)
¡(ustedes) digan! (you) say! (formal, plural)
 
me indirect object pronoun (to) me
te (to) you (informal, singular)
le (to) him/her(/it)
le (to) you (formal, singular)
nos (to) us
os (to) you (informal, plural)
les (to) them
les (to) you (formal, plural)
 
escribir infinitive to write
(yo) escribo present tense I write
(tú) escribes you write (informal, singular)
(él/ella) escribe he/she(/it) writes
(usted) escribe you write (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) escribimos we write (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) escribís you write (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) escriben they write (m./f.)
(ustedes) escriben you write (formal, plural)


a, be, ce, che, de, e, noun (feminine) letters from a to z
efe, ge, hache, i, jota,
    ka, ele, elle, eme, ene, eñe,
o, pe, cu, ere, ese, te,
u, ve, doble ve,
equis, i griega, zeta
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

Tengo una pregunta. I have a question.
¡Dime! Tell me!
¿Cómo se escribe beige? How do you write beige?
¿El color? Se escribe con be de burro, e, i, ge, e. The color? You write it with b as in Bob, e, i, g, e.
Gracias. Thanks.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

I have a question. Tengo una pregunta.
Tell me! ¡Dime!
How do you write beige? ¿Cómo se escribe beige?
The color? You write it with b as in Bob, e, i, g, e. ¿El color? Se escribe con be de burro, e, i, ge, e.
Thanks. Gracias.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

Tell me a question! ¡Dime una pregunta!
I have one. Tengo una.
Tell me! ¡Dime!
How do you write escribir? ¿Cómo se escribe escribir?
One writes e, s, c, r, i, b, i, r. Se escribe e, ese, ce, ere, i, be de burro, i, ere.
Thanks. Gracias.

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

We have a question. Tenemos una pregunta.
You tell me! (formal, plural) ¡Díganme!
How do you write beige? ¿Cómo se escribe beige?
The color? You write it with b as in Bob, e, i, g, e. ¿El color? Se escribe con be de burro, e, i, ge, e.
Thanks. Gracias.

Image Credits

  • “Image:Gandhi writing 1942.jpg” by an unknown photographer (Public Domain)
  • “Image:Brush and watercolours.jpg” by Jennifer R. (Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 License)
  • “Image:Donkey Catalan race.jpg” by David Gaya (GNU Free Documentation License)
 




 

A0021: I'm Sleepy

Introduction

You only get what you ask for (in capitalism at least); thus, you better know how to express your preferences. Sometimes you might even have to give a reason for them. But don't worry, JP and Liliana tell us how. Furthermore, they talk about the many ways of saying good bye. Our keyphrase is tengo sueño – I'm sleepy.

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Dialogue

hombre: ¿Quieres salir hoy?
mujer: No, prefiero quedarme en casa.
hombre: ¿Por qué?
mujer: Tengo sueño.
hombre: Ni modo. Nos vemos mañana.
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

hombre: ¿Quieres salir hoy?
(you) want go out today
man: Do you want to go out today?
mujer: No, prefiero quedarme en casa.
no (I) prefer stay (myself) in house
woman: No, I prefer to stay at home.
hombre: ¿Por qué?
by what
man: Why?
mujer: Tengo sueño.
(I) have sleep
woman: I'm sleepy.
hombre: Ni modo. Nos vemos mañana.
no way each other (we) see tomorrow
man: Too bad. We see each other tomorrow.
la casa – the house
el sueño – the sleep

Vocabulary for Dialogue

el hombre noun (masculine) the man
la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
querer verb (infinitive) to want, to like
(tú) quieres verb (present tense) you want (informal, singular)
salir verb (infinitive) to go out
hoy adverb today
no adverb no
preferir verb (infinitive) to prefer
(yo) prefiero verb (present tense) I prefer
se reflexive pronoun oneself
quedarse verb (infinitive) to stay (oneself)
me reflexive pronoun myself
en preposition in
la casa noun (feminine) the house
en casa phrase at home
¿por qué? adverb why?
tener verb (infinitive) to have
(yo) tengo verb (present tense) I have
el sueño noun (masculine) the sleep
tener sueño phrase to be sleepy
ni modo phrase too bad, no way
nos reflexive pronoun us, each other
ver verb (infinitive) to see
(nosotros/-as) vemos verb (present tense) we see
nos vemos phrase see ya, we see each other
mañana adverb tomorrow

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

nos vemos phrase see ya, we see each other
adiós interjection good bye
hasta luego phrase until later
bye interjection bye
hasta pronto phrase until soon
nos vemos al rato phrase we see each other in a while
ciao interjection bye
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

querer infinitive to want
(yo) quiero present tense I want
(tú) quieres you want (informal, singular)
(él/ella) quiere he/she(/it) wants
(usted) quiere you want (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) queremos we want (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) queréis you want (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) quieren they want (m./f.)
(ustedes) quieren you want (formal, plural)
 
salir infinitive to go out
(yo) salgo present tense I go out
(tú) sales you go out (informal, singular)
(él/ella) sale he/she(/it) goes out
(usted) sale you go out (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) salimos we go out (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) salís you go out (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) salen they go out (m./f.)
(ustedes) salen you go out (formal, plural)
 
preferir infinitive to prefer
(yo) prefiero present tense I prefer
(tú) prefieres you prefer (informal, singular)
(él/ella) prefiere he/she(/it) prefers
(usted) prefiere you prefer (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) preferimos we prefer (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) preferís you prefer (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) prefieren they prefer (m./f.)
(ustedes) prefieren you prefer (formal, plural)
 
me reflexive pronoun myself
te yourself (informal, singular)
se himself/herself(/itself)
se yourself (formal, singular)
nos ourselves, each other
os yourselves, each other (informal, plural)
se themselves, each other
se yourselves, each other (formal, plural)
 
quedarse infinitive to stay (oneself)
(yo) me quedo present tense I stay (myself)
(tú) te quedas you stay (yourself) (informal, singular)
(él/ella) se queda he/she(/it) stays (himself/herself/itself)
(usted) se queda you stay (yourself) (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) nos quedamos we stay (ourselves) (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) os quedáis you stay (yourselves) (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) se quedan they stay (themselves) (m./f.)
(ustedes) se quedan you stay (yourselves) (formal, plural)
 
tener infinitive to have
(yo) tengo present tense I have
(tú) tienes you have (informal, singular)
(él/ella) tiene he/she(/it) has
(usted) tiene you have (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) tenemos we have (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) tenéis you have (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) tienen they have (m./f.)
(ustedes) tienen you have (formal, plural)
 
ver infinitive to see
(yo) veo present tense I see
(tú) ves you see (informal, singular)
(él/ella) ve he/she(/it) sees
(usted) ve you see (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) vemos we see (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) veis you see (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) ven they see (m./f.)
(ustedes) ven you see (formal, plural)
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

¿Quieres salir hoy? Do you want go out today?
No, prefiero quedarme en casa. No, I prefer to stay at home.
¿Por qué? Why?
Tengo sueño. I'm sleepy.
Ni modo. Nos vemos mañana. Too bad. We see each other tomorrow.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

Do you want to go out today? ¿Quieres salir hoy?
No, I prefer to stay at home. No, prefiero quedarme en casa.
Why? ¿Por qué?
I'm sleepy. Tengo sueño.
Too bad. We see each other tomorrow. Ni modo. Nos vemos mañana.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

Do you want to go out? ¿Quieres salir?
No, not today. I prefer to go out tomorrow. No, hoy no. Prefiero salir mañana.
You don't want to go out today? ¿No quieres salir hoy?
No. Why don't you want to go out tomorrow? No. ¿Por qué no quieres salir mañana?
I prefer to go out today. Prefiero salir hoy.
Why? ¿Por qué?
Tomorrow I'm sleepy. Mañana tengo sueño.
What? ¿Qué?
I prefer to stay at home tomorrow. Prefiero quedarme en casa mañana.
Too bad. Do we see each other tomorrow? Ni modo. ¿Nos vemos mañana?
No. Good bye. No. Adiós.
See you soon! ¡Hasta pronto!

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

Do you want to go out today? (plural) ¿Queréis salir hoy?
No, we prefer to stay at home. No, preferimos quedarnos en casa.
Why? ¿Por qué?
We're sleepy. Tenemos sueño.
Too bad. We see each other tomorrow. Ni modo. Nos vemos mañana.

Image Credits

  • “Image:Spain.Barcelona.Casa.Mila.jpg” by Year of the dragon (GNU Free Documentation License)
  • “Image:A.Cortina El sueño.jpg” by J. R. Albelda Cortina (Public Domain)
 




 

A0023: Going to the Market

Introduction

We are going shopping! This time for fresh apples. Yummy! The keywords are: verde – green and roja – red (for feminine nouns).

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

hombre: Buenas tardes. ¿Me da un kilo de manzana?
mujer: ¿Manzana verde o roja?
hombre: Verde, por favor.
mujer: ¿Algo más?
hombre: No, es todo. Gracias.
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

hombre: Buenas tardes. ¿Me da un kilo de manzana?
good afternoons (to) me (you) give a kilo of apples
man: Good afternoon. Will you give me a kilo of apples?
mujer: ¿Manzana verde o roja?
apple green or red
woman: Green apples or red ones?
hombre: Verde, por favor.
green please
man: Green, please.
mujer: ¿Algo más?
something more
woman: Anything else?
hombre: No, es todo. Gracias.
no (it) is all thanks
man: No, that's all. Thanks.
el kilo – the kilo
la manzana verde – the green apple
la manzana roja – the red apple

Vocabulary for Dialogue

el hombre noun (masculine) the man
la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
bueno/buena adjective (m./f.) good
buenos/buenas adjective (plural, m./f.) good
la tarde noun (feminine) the afternoon
las tardes noun (plural, feminine) the afternoons
buenas tardes phrase good afternoon
me indirect object pronoun (to) me
dar verb (infinitive) to give
(usted) da verb (present tense) you give (formal, singular)
(usted) me da phrase you give to me (formal, singular)
un/una article (m./f.) a
el kilo noun (masculine) the kilo
de preposition of
la manzana noun (feminine) the apple
verde adjective (m./f.) green
rojo/roja adjective (m./f.) red
por favor phrase please
algo pronoun something
más adverb more
no adverb no
ser verb (infinitive) to be
(él/ella) es verb (present tense) he/she(/it) is
todo pronoun all
gracias phrase thanks
el tianguis – the Mexican market

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

el día noun (masculine) the day
los días noun (plural, masculine) the days
buenos días phrase good morning
(tú) das verb (present tense) you give (informal, singular)
(tú) me das phrase you give to me (informal, singular)
el tianguis noun (masculine) the Mexican market
nada adverb nothing
nada más phrase nothing else
hasta luego phrase see you later
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

me indirect object pronoun (to) me
te (to) you (informal, singular)
le (to) him/her(/it)
le (to) you (formal, singular)
nos (to) us
os (to) you (informal, plural)
les (to) them
les (to) you (formal, plural)
 
dar infinitive to give
(yo) doy present tense I give
(tú) das you give (informal, singular)
(él/ella) da he/she(/it) gives
(usted) da you give (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) damos we give (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) dais you give (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) dan they give (m./f.)
(ustedes) dan you give (formal, plural)
 
ser infinitive to be
(yo) soy present tense I am
(tú) eres you are (informal, singular)
(él/ella) es he/she(/it) is
(usted) es you are (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) somos we are (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) sois you are (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) son they are (m./f.)
(ustedes) son you are (formal, plural)
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

Buenas tardes. ¿Me da un kilo de manzana? Good afternoon. Will you give me a kilo of apples?
¿Manzana verde o roja? Green apples or red ones?
Verde, por favor. Green, please.
¿Algo más? Anything else?
No, es todo. Gracias. No, that's all. Thanks.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

Good afternoon. Will you give me a kilo of apples? Buenas tardes. ¿Me da un kilo de manzana?
Green apples or red ones? ¿Manzana verde o roja?
Green, please. Verde, por favor.
Anything else? ¿Algo más?
No, that's all. Thanks. No, es todo. Gracias.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

Good afternoon. Buenas tardes.
Good afternoon. Will you give me a kilo of apples, please? Buenas tardes. ¿Me da un kilo de manzana, por favor?
Green apples? ¿Manzana verde?
No, a kilo of red apples, please. No, un kilo de manzana roja, por favor.
Anything else? ¿Algo más?
One kilo more. Un kilo más.
Is that all? ¿Es todo?
No. Will you give me a kilo of green apples? No. ¿Me da un kilo de manzana verde?
Anything else? ¿Algo más?
No, that's all. Thanks. No, es todo. Gracias.

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

Good afternoon. Will you give me a kilo of apples? (informal) Buenas tardes. ¿Me das un kilo de manzana?
Green apples or red ones? ¿Manzana verde o roja?
Green, please. Verde, por favor.
Anything else? ¿Algo más?
No, that's all. Thanks. No, es todo. Gracias.

Image Credits

  • “Image:Goldkey logo removed.jpg” by Swiss Banker (Public Domain)
  • “Image:Chrisdesign Photorealistic Green Apple.svg” from the Open Clip Art Library (Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication)
  • “Image:Reinette baumann.jpg” by Wilhelm Lauche (Public Domain)
  • “Image:Eloxochitlán - Tianguis.jpg” by Yavidaxiu (Public Domain)
 




 

A0027: The Neighbor

Introduction

Yes, there is something for everyone: Here comes the anti-social dialogue! On the other hand, talking about neighbors is a pretty social activity, isn't it? In any case, the keyword is: tampoco – not either.

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

mujer: Ahí viene el vecino.
hombre: ¿Lo conoces?
mujer: No, no lo conozco. ¿Y tú?
hombre: Tampoco.
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

mujer: Ahí viene el vecino.
there (he) comes the neighbor
woman: Here comes the neighbor.
hombre: ¿Lo conoces?
him (you) know
man: Do you know him?
mujer: No, no lo conozco. ¿Y tú?
no not him (I) know and you
woman: No, I don't know him. How about you?
hombre: Tampoco.
not either
man: Me neither.
los vecinos – the neighbors

Vocabulary for Dialogue

la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
el hombre noun (masculine) the man
ahí adverb there
venir verb (infinitive) to come
(él/ella) viene verb (present tense) he/she(/it) comes
el vecino noun (masculine) the (male) neighbor
lo direct object pronoun him
conocer verb (infinitive) to know
(tú) conoces verb (present tense) you know (informal, singular)
no adverb no, not
(yo) conozco verb (present tense) I know
y conjunction and
subject pronoun you
tampoco adverb not either

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

la vecina noun (feminine) the (female) neighbor
la direct object pronoun her
yo tampoco phrase me neither
tener verb (infinitive) to have
(yo) tengo verb (present tense) I have
el dinero noun (masculine) the money
no tengo dinero phrase I don't have money
el fraccionamiento noun (masculine) residential area
la vecindad noun (masculine) neighborhood sharing a court yard
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

venir infinitive to come
(yo) vengo present tense I come
(tú) vienes you come (informal, singular)
(él/ella) viene he/she(/it) comes
(usted) viene you come (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) venimos we come (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) venís you come (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) vienen they come (m./f.)
(ustedes) vienen you come (formal, plural)
 
me direct object pronoun me
te you (informal, singular)
lo/la him/her(/it)
lo/la you (formal, singular, m./f.)
nos us
os you (informal, plural)
los/las them (m./f.)
los/las you (formal, plural, m./f.)
 
conocer infinitive to know (a person)
(yo) conozco present tense I know
(tú) conoces you know (informal, singular)
(él/ella) conoce he/she(/it) knows
(usted) conoce you know (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) conocemos we know (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) conocéis you know (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) conocen they know (m./f.)
(ustedes) conocen you know (formal, plural)
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

Ahí viene el vecino. Here comes the neighbor.
¿Lo conoces? Do you know him?
No, no lo conozco. ¿Y tú? No, I don't know him. How about you?
Tampoco. Me neither.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

Here comes the neighbor. Ahí viene el vecino.
Do you know him? ¿Lo conoces?
No, I don't know him. How about you? No, no lo conozco. ¿Y tú?
Me neither. (Yo) tampoco.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

There the neighbor comes. Ahí el vecino viene.
I don't know him. Do you know him? No lo conozco. ¿Lo conoces?
I don't know him either. No lo conozco tampoco.
And the (female) neighbor? ¿Y la vecina?
I don't know her. What about you? No la conozco. ¿Y tú?
Neither do I know her. Yo tampoco la conozco.

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

Here comes the neighbor. Ahí viene el vecino.
Do you know him? (formal) ¿Lo conoce?
No, I don't know him. How about you? (formal) No, no lo conozco. ¿Y usted?
Me neither. (Yo) tampoco.

Image Credits

  • “Image:HombresIlustresStreetLosReyesMexico.JPG” by Thelmadatter (Public Domain)
 




 

A0030: Call back Later

Introduction

Making a phone call in Spanish can be somewhat challenging. (I'll never forget my first phone call in Spanish; that's for sure.) Thus, the information provided by Liliana and JP in this lesson is particular useful. The keywords are: está – he/she is (in), no está – he/she is not (in).

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

hombre: ¿Hola?
mujer: ¿Está Mauricio?
hombre: No, no está. Llámalo más tarde.
mujer: Muy bien. Gracias.
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

hombre: ¿Hola?
hello
man: Hello?
mujer: ¿Está Mauricio?
(he) is (in) Mauricio
woman: Is Mauricio in?
hombre: No, no está. Llámalo más tarde.
no not (he) is (in) call him more late
man: No, he's not in. Call him back later.
mujer: Muy bien. Gracias.
very well thanks
woman: Fine. Thank you.
llamar – to call

Vocabulary for Dialogue

el hombre noun (masculine) the man
la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
¿hola? interjection hello?
estar verb (infinitive) to be (at a location)
(él/ella) está verb (present tense) he/she(/it) is
Mauricio noun (masculine)
no adverb no, not
llamar verb (infinitive) to call
¡llama! verb (imperative) you call! (informal, singular)
lo direct object pronoun him, it
¡llámalo! verb (imperative) you call him! (informal, singular)
más adverb more
tarde adverb late
más tarde phrase later
muy adverb very
bien adverb well
gracias phrase thanks
salado/salada – salty

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

la tarde noun (feminine) the afternoon
bonito/bonita article (m./f.) pretty
salado/salada article (m./f.) salty
está bien phrase alright
la llamada noun (feminine) the phone call
se reflexive pronoun oneself
llamarse verb (infinitive) to call oneself, to be called
me reflexive pronoun myself
(yo) me llamo verb (present tense) I call myself, my name is
¡aló! interjection hello!
¡bueno! interjection good!
¡dime! phrase tell me!
¡diga! phrase speak! (formal)
¡dímelo! phrase tell it to me!
hasta luego phrase see you later
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

estar infinitive to be
(yo) estoy present tense I am
(tú) estás you are (informal, singular)
(él/ella) está he/she(/it) is
(usted) está you are (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) estamos we are (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) estáis you are (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) están they are (m./f.)
(ustedes) están you are (formal, plural)
 
llamar infinitive to call
¡(tú) llama! imperative (you) call! (informal, singular)
¡(usted) llame! (you) call! (formal, singular)
¡(nosotros/-as) llamemos! (let's) call! (m./f.)
¡(vosotros/-as) llamad! (you) call! (informal, plural, m./f.)
¡(ustedes) llamen! (you) call! (formal, plural)
 
me direct object pronoun me
te you (informal, singular)
lo/la him/her(/it)
lo/la you (formal, singular, m./f.)
nos us
os you (informal, plural)
los/las them (m./f.)
los/las you (formal, plural, m./f.)
 
decir infinitive to say
(yo) digo present tense I say
(tú) dices you say (informal, singular)
(él/ella) dice he/she(/it) says
(usted) dice you say (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) decimos we say (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) decís you say (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) dicen they say (m./f.)
(ustedes) dicen you say (formal, plural)
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Cover the right column, translate from English to Spanish and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers.

Dialogue Translation

¿Hola? Hello?
¿Está Mauricio? Is Mauricio in?
No, no está. Llámalo más tarde. No, he's not in. Call him back later.
Muy bien. Gracias. Fine. Thank you.

Dialogue Recall

Hello? ¿Hola?
Is Mauricio in? ¿Está Mauricio?
No, he's not in. Call him back later. No, no está. Llámalo más tarde.
Fine. Thanks. Muy bien. Gracias.

Dialogue Remix

Tell me! ¡Dime!
Hello? ¿Hola?
Hello! Tell it to me! ¡Hola! ¡Dímelo!
Mauricio? ¿Mauricio?
No, Mauricio is not in. No, Mauricio no está.
Mauricio is not in? ¿No está Mauricio?
No, he's not in. Call him back later. No, no está. Llámalo más tarde.
Alright. Thanks. Muy bien/está bien. Gracias.

Dialogue Recast

This exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

Hello? ¿Hola?
Is Ana in? ¿Está Ana?
No, she's not in. Call her back later. No, no está. Llámala más tarde.
Fine. Thank you. Muy bien. Gracias.

Image Credits

  • “Image:Gandhi telephoning.jpg” by an unknown photographer (Public Domain)
  • “Image:Tablesalt2.jpg” by BenB4 (GNU Free Documentation License)
 




 

A0033: It's Expensive

Introduction

Beware! This is the taboo lesson: rents, salaries, politics, religion, sex, and ... mamas! Liliana and JP give invaluable information about US-American and Latin-American culture. The keywords are: cara – expensive (for feminine nouns) and caro – expensive (for masculine nouns).

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

hombre: Mi renta es de mil dólares.
mujer: ¿En serio? Es muy cara.
hombre: Pero todo es caro.
mujer: Tienes razón.
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

hombre: Mi renta es de mil dólares.
my rent is of thousand dollars
man: My rent is at a thousand dollars.
mujer: ¿En serio? Es muy cara.
in serious (it) is very expensive
woman: Seriously? It's very expensive.
hombre: Pero todo es caro
but everything is expensive
man: But everything is expensive.
mujer: Tienes razón.
(you) have right
woman: You're right.
el dólar – the dollar
mil dólares – one thousand dollars
la cara – the face

Vocabulary for Dialogue

el hombre noun (masculine) the man
la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
mi possessive adjective my
la renta noun (feminine) the rent
ser verb (infinitive) to be
(él/ella) es verb (present tense) he/she(/it) is
de preposition of
mil number thousand
el dólar noun (masculine) the dollar
los dólares noun (plural, masculine) the dollars
en preposition in
serio/seria adjective (m./f.) serious
muy adverb very
caro/cara adjective (m./f.) expensive
pero conjunction but
todo pronoun everything, all
tener verb (infinitive) to have
(tú) tienes verb (present tense) you have (informal, singular)
la razón noun (feminine) the reason
tener razón phrase to be right

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

la cara noun (feminine) the face
hasta luego phrase see you later
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

mi possessive adjective my
mis poss. adjective (plural) my
tu possessive adjective your (informal, singular)
tus poss. adjective (plural) your (informal, singular)
su possessive adjective his/her(/its)/their
sus poss. adjective (plural) his/her(/its)/their
su possessive adjective your (formal)
sus poss. adjective (plural) your (formal)
nuestro/nuestra poss. adjective (m./f.) our
nuestros/nuestras poss. adj. (plural, m./f.) our
vuestro/vuestra poss. adjective (m./f.) your (informal, plural)
vuestros/vuestras poss. adj. (plural, m./f.) your (informal, plural)
 
ser infinitive to be
(yo) soy present tense I am
(tú) eres you are (informal, singular)
(él/ella) es he/she(/it) is
(usted) es you are (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) somos we are (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) sois you are (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) son they are (m./f.)
(ustedes) son you are (formal, plural)
 
tener infinitive to have
(yo) tengo present tense I have
(tú) tienes you have (informal, singular)
(él/ella) tiene he/she(/it) has
(usted) tiene you have (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) tenemos we have (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) tenéis you have (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) tienen they have (m./f.)
(ustedes) tienen you have (formal, plural)
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

Mi renta es de mil dólares. My rent is at a thousand dollars.
¿En serio? Es muy cara. Seriously? It's very expensive.
Pero todo es caro. But everything is expensive.
Tienes razón. You're right.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

My rent is at a thousand dollars. Mi renta es de mil dólares.
Seriously? It's very expensive. ¿En serio? Es muy cara.
But everything is expensive. Pero todo es caro.
You're right. Tienes razón.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

Everything is very expensive. Todo es muy caro.
You are right. My rent is very expensive. Tienes razón. Mi renta es muy caro.
Everything. Todo.
My rent is at a thousand dollars. Mi renta es de mil dólares.
That is very, very expensive. Es muy, muy caro.
Seriously? ¿En serio?
Seriously! But everything is very expensive. ¡En serio! Pero todo es muy caro.
Everything. Todo.

Dialogue Recast

This exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

Our rent is at a thousand dollars. Nuestra renta es de mil dólares.
Seriously? It's very expensive. ¿En serio? Es muy cara.
But everything is expensive. Pero todo es caro.
You're right. (formal) Tiene razón.

Image Credits

  • “Image:United States one dollar bill, obverse.jpg” by the United States government (Public Domain)
  • “Image:1000 USD note; series of 1934; obverse.jpg” by the United States government (Public Domain)
  • “Image:Addesso opie.svg” by Addesso at en.wikipedia (Public Domain)
 




 

A0035: Is Anyone in there?

Introduction

You never know who is in a bathroom! Thus, better check before you enter. JP and Liliana talk about how to do this and all the other things that can happen in Mexican bathrooms ... The key sentence is: está ocupado – it's busy/someone's in here.

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

mujer: Está ocupado.
hombre: Ah, disculpe.
mujer: No hay problema. Puede pasar.
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

mujer: Está ocupado.
(it) is busy
woman: It's busy.
hombre: Ah, disculpe.
oh (you) pardon (me)
man: Oh, sorry.
mujer: No hay problema. Puede pasar.
not there is problem (you) can pass
woman: There's no problem. You can go in.
ocupado/ocupada – busy
las damas – the ladies
los caballeros – the gentlemen

Vocabulary for Dialogue

la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
el hombre noun (masculine) the man
estar verb (infinitive) to be
ocupar verb (infinitive) to occupy
ocupado verb (participle) occupied
ocupado/ocupada adjective (m./f.) busy, taken
ah interjection oh
disculpar verb (infinitive) to pardon
¡(usted) disculpe! verb (imperative) you pardon! (formal, singular)
no adverb not
hay verb (present tense) there is, there are
el problema noun (masculine) the problem
poder verb (infinitive) to be able
(usted) puede verb (present tense) you can (formal, singular)
pasar verb (infinitive) to pass
(usted) puede pasar phrase you can go ahead

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

el baño noun (masculine) the bathroom
comer verb (infinitive) to eat
bailar verb (infinitive) to dance
vomitar verb (infinitive) to vomit
la dama noun (feminine) the lady
las damas noun (plural, feminine) the ladies
el caballero noun (masculine) the gentleman
los caballeros noun (plural, masculine) the gentlemen
¿está ocupado? phrase is it busy/taken?
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

estar infinitive to be
(yo) estoy present tense I am
(tú) estás you are (informal, singular)
(él/ella) está he/she(/it) is
(usted) está you are (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) estamos we are (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) estáis you are (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) están they are (m./f.)
(ustedes) están you are (formal, plural)
 
disculpar infinitive to pardon
¡(tú) disculpa! imperative (you) pardon! (informal, singular)
¡(usted) disculpe! (you) pardon! (formal, singular)
¡(nosotros/-as) disculpemos! (let's) pardon! (m./f.)
¡(vosotros/-as) disculpad! (you) pardon! (informal, plural, m./f.)
¡(ustedes) disculpen! (you) pardon! (formal, plural)
 
poder infinitive to be able
(yo) puedo present tense I can
(tú) puedes you can (informal, singular)
(él/ella) puede he/she(/it) can
(usted) puede you can (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) podemos we can (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) podéis you can (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) pueden they can (m./f.)
(ustedes) pueden you can (formal, plural)
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

Está ocupado. It's busy.
Ah, disculpe. Oh, sorry.
No hay problema. Puede pasar. There's no problem. You can go in.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

It's busy. Está ocupado.
Oh, sorry. (formal) Ah, disculpe.
There's no problem. You can go in. (formal) No hay problema. Puede pasar.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

Is the bathroom busy? ¿El baño está ocupado?
It's busy! ¡Está ocupado!
No problem. No hay problema.
You cannot enter! (formal) ¡No puede pasar!
Oh, sorry! (formal) Ah, disculpe.

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

It's busy. Está ocupado.
Oh, sorry. (informal) Ah, disculpa.
There's no problem. You can go in. (informal) No hay problema. Puedes pasar.

Image Credits

  • “Image:Door Knob with Lock USA.jpg” by Stilfehler (GNU Lesser General Public License)
  • “Image:Toilet women.svg” by Lateiner (GNU Free Documentation License and Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 License)
  • “Image:Aiga toiletsq men.svg” from the AIGA symbol signs collection (Public Domain)
 




 

A0037: The baby Is Sleeping

Introduction

Sh! Don't make that much noise when reading this! And don't miss Liliana and JP talking about babys, prohibitive commands, and kids in general. And don't forget to listen for the keyword: ruido – the noise.

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

hombre: ¡Sh! ¡No hagas ruido!
mujer: ¿Por qué?
hombre: El bebé está dormido.
mujer: ¡No te preocupes!
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

hombre: ¡Sh! ¡No hagas ruido!
sh not (you) make noise
man: Sh! Don't make noise!
mujer: ¿Por qué?
why
woman: Why?
hombre: El bebé está dormido.
the baby is sleeping
man: The baby is sleeping.
mujer: ¡No te preocupes!
no yourself worry
woman: Don't worry.
el bebé/la bebé – the baby
dormido/dormida – asleep

Vocabulary for Dialogue

el hombre noun (masculine) the man
la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
no adverb not
hacer verb (infinitive) to make
¡(tú) no hagas! verb (negative imperative) (you) don't make! (informal, singular)
el ruido noun (masculine) the noise
¿por qué? adverb why?
el bebé/la bebé noun (m./f.) the baby
estar verb (infinitive) to be
(él/ella) está verb (present tense) he/she(/it) is
dormir verb (infinitive) to sleep
dormido/dormida adjective (m./f.) asleep
se reflexive pronoun oneself
preocuparse verb (infinitive) to worry (oneself)
te reflexive pronoun yourself
¡(tú) no te preocupes! verb (negative imperative) (you) don't worry (yourself)!
los chicos – the kids
el escuincle/la escuincla – the skinny dog

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

el silencio noun (masculine) the silence
suave adjective (m./f.) soft
el niño/la niña noun (m./f.) the child
los niños/las niñas noun (plural, m./f.) the children
el chico/la chica noun (m./f.) the boy/the girl
los chicos/las chicas noun (plural, m./f.) the kids/the girls
el pequeño/la pequeña noun (m./f.) the little one
los pequeños/las pequeñas noun (plural, m./f.) the little ones
el mocoso/la mocosa noun (m./f.) the snotty one
los mocosos/las mocosas noun (plural, m./f.) the snotty ones
el chilpayate/la chilpayata noun (m./f.) the little child (Mexican)
el escuincle/la escuincla noun (m./f.) the skinny dog (Aztec)
los/las escuincles noun (plural, m./f.) the skinny dogs (Aztec)
¿dónde? adverb where?
(ellos/ellas) están verb (present tense) they are
¿Dónde están los escuincles? phrase Where are the little dogs?
hasta luego phrase see you later
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

hacer infinitive to make
¡(tú) no hagas! negative imperative (you) don't make! (informal, singular)
¡(usted) no haga! (you) don't make! (formal, singular)
¡(nosotros/-as) no hagamos! (let's) don't make! (m./f.)
¡(vosotros/-as) no hagáis! (you) don't make! (informal, plural)
¡(ustedes) no hagan! (you) don't make! (formal, plural)
 
estar infinitive to be
(yo) estoy present tense I am
(tú) estás you are (informal, singular)
(él/ella) está he/she(/it) is
(usted) está you are (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) estamos we are (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) estáis you are (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) están they are (m./f.)
(ustedes) están you are (formal, plural)
 
me reflexive pronoun myself
te yourself (informal, singular)
se himself/herself(/itself)
se yourself (formal, singular)
nos ourselves, each other
os yourselves, each other (informal, plural)
se themselves, each other
se yourselves, each other (formal, plural)
 
preocuparse infinitive to worry (oneself)
¡(tú) no te preocupes! negative imperative (you) don't worry (yourself)! (informal, singular)
¡(usted) no se preocupe! (you) don't worry! (formal, singular)
¡(nosotros/-as) no nos preocupemos! (let's) don't worry! (m./f.)
¡(vosotros/-as) no os preocupéis! (you) don't worry! (informal, plural)
¡(ustedes) no se preocupen! (you) don't worry! (formal, plural)
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

¡Sh! ¡No hagas ruido! Sh! Don't make noise!
¿Por qué? Why?
El bebé está dormido. The baby is sleeping.
¡No te preocupes! Don't worry.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

Sh! Don't make noise! ¡Sh! ¡No hagas ruido!
Why? ¿Por qué?
The baby is sleeping. El bebé está dormido.
Don't worry. ¡No te preocupes!

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

Is the baby asleep? ¿El bebé está dormido?
No, it's not asleep. No, no está dormido.
Why not? ¿Por qué no?
Because of (= por) the noise. ¡Por el ruido!
Don't make noise! ¡No hagas ruido!
Don't worry! The baby is asleep. ¡No te preocupes! El bebé está dormido.

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

Sh! Don't make noise! (formal) ¡Sh! ¡No haga ruido!
Why? ¿Por qué?
The babys are sleeping. Los bebés están dormidos.
Don't worry. (formal) ¡No se preocupe!

Image Credits

  • “Image:Baby feet.jpg” by Doreen Dotto (GNU Free Documentation License)
  • “Image:Stas spiacy.1904.jpg” by Stanisław Wyspiański (Public Domain)
  • “Image:Cambodia4kidsorg - Creative Commons (by).jpg” by Beth Kanter (Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 License)
  • “Image:Signo Itzcuintli.png” from the Codex Laud (Public Domain)
 




 

A0041: Cheers!

Introduction

Here is a true story: the first time I tried to say “cheers” in Spanish, I said “que aproveche,” which means “enjoy your meal” and is just wrong when everyone is drinking instead of eating. Well, it's from our mistakes that we learn. And from JP and Liliana, of course. The keyword of this lesson is: felicidades – congratulations.

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

mujer: ¡Toma una copa!
hombre: ¿Por qué brindamos?
mujer: Por mi nuevo trabajo.
hombre: ¡Felicidades!
mujer: ¡Salud!
hombre: ¡Salud!
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

mujer: ¡Toma una copa!
(you) take a drink
woman: Take a drink!
hombre: ¿Por qué brindamos?
why (we) toast
man: What are we toasting to?
mujer: Por mi nuevo trabajo.
to my new job
woman: To my new job.
hombre: ¡Felicidades!
congratulations
man: Congratulations!
mujer: ¡Salud!
health
woman: Cheers!
hombre: ¡Salud!
health
man: Cheers!
brindar – to toast
la copa – the drink

Vocabulary for Dialogue

la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
el hombre noun (masculine) the man
tomar verb (infinitive) to take, drink
(tú) toma verb (imperative) (you) take! (informal, singular)
un/una article (m./f.) a
la copa noun (feminine) the drink
¿por qué? adverb why?
brindar verb (infinitive) to toast
(nosotros/-as) brindamos verb (present tense) we toast
por preposition to, for, because of
mi adjective (m./f.) my
nuevo/nueva adjective (m./f.) new
el trabajo noun (masculine) the job, the work
¡felicidades! phrase congratulations!
¡salud! phrase cheers!
la salud noun (feminine) the health
la salud – the health

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

querer verb (infinitive) to want
(tú) quieres verb (present tense) you want (informal, singular)
¿Quieres una copa? phrase Do you want a drink?
feliz adjective (m./f.) happy
¡arriba, abajo, al centro, pa' dentro! phrase up, down, to the center, inside!
hasta luego phrase see you later
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

tomar infinitive to take
¡(tú) toma! imperative (you) take! (informal, singular)
¡(usted) tome! (you) take! (formal, singular)
¡(nosotros/-as) tomemos! (let's) take! (m./f.)
¡(vosotros/-as) tomad! (you) take! (informal, plural, m./f.)
¡(ustedes) tomen! (you) take! (formal, plural)
 
brindar infinitive to toast
(yo) brindo present tense I toast
(tú) brindas you toast (informal, singular)
(él/ella) brinda he/she(/it) toasts
(usted) brinda you toast (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) brindamos we toast (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) brindáis you toast (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) brindan they toast (m./f.)
(ustedes) brindan you toast (formal, plural)
 
mi possessive adjective my
mis poss. adjective (plural) my
tu possessive adjective your (informal, singular)
tus poss. adjective (plural) your (informal, singular)
su possessive adjective his/her(/its)/their
sus poss. adjective (plural) his/her(/its)/their
su possessive adjective your (formal)
sus poss. adjective (plural) your (formal)
nuestro/nuestra poss. adjective (m./f.) our
nuestros/nuestras poss. adj. (plural, m./f.) our
vuestro/vuestra poss. adjective (m./f.) your (informal, plural)
vuestros/vuestras poss. adj. (plural, m./f.) your (informal, plural)
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

¡Toma una copa! Take a drink!
¿Por qué brindamos? What are we toasting to?
Por mi nuevo trabajo. To my new job.
¡Felicidades! Congratulations!
¡Salud! Cheers!
¡Salud! Cheers!

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

Take a drink! ¡Toma una copa!
What are we toasting to? ¿Por qué brindamos?
To my new job. Por mi nuevo trabajo.
Congratulations! ¡Felicidades!
Cheers! ¡Salud!
Cheers! ¡Salud!

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

Do you want a drink? Take (it)! ¿Quieres una copa? ¡Toma!
Why? ¿Por qué?
We drink to my new job. Brindamos por mi nuevo trabajo.
Congratulations! ¡Felicidades!
Cheers! ¡Salud!

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

Take a drink! (formal) ¡Tome una copa (usted)!
What are you toasting to? (formal) ¿Por qué brinda (usted)?
To your new job. (formal) Por su nuevo trabajo.
Congratulations! ¡Felicidades!
Cheers! ¡Salud!
Cheers! ¡Salud!

Image Credits

  • “Image:PS Krøyer - Hip hip hurra! Kunstnerfest på Skagen 1888.jpg” by Peder Severin Krøyer (Public Domain)
  • “Image:Glass of champagne.jpg” by bgvjpe (Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 License)
  • “Image:Asclepius staff.svg” by Lusanaherandraton (Public Domain)
 




 

A0047: Coffee Time

Introduction

Finally! JP and Liliana reveal the secret of Leo's coffee: a little bit of leche – milk, which is also our keyword. Moreover, we learn about Mexican coffee culture. Mmm!

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Dialogue

mujer: ¡Oye! ¿Te apetece un café?
hombre: Claro que sí.
mujer: ¿Solo o con leche?
hombre: Con un poco de leche, por favor.
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

mujer: ¡Oye! ¿Te apetece un café?
hear (to) you (it) appetizes a coffee
woman: Hey! Do you want a coffee?
hombre: Claro que sí.
clearly that yes
man: Of course yes.
mujer: ¿Solo o con leche?
alone or with milk
woman: Black or with milk?
hombre: Con un poco de leche, por favor.
with a little bit of milk please
man: With a little bit of milk, please.
el café – the cup of coffee
la leche – the milk
mujer en Chiapas – woman in Chiapas (Mexico)

Vocabulary for Dialogue

la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
el hombre noun (masculine) the man
oír verb (infinitive) to hear
¡(tú) oye! verb (imperative) (you) listen! (informal, singular)
te indirect object pronoun (to) you (informal, singular)
apetecer verb (infinitive) to appetize
(él/ella) apetece verb (present tense) he/she(/it) appetizes
un/una article (m./f.) a
el café noun (masculine) the (cup of) coffee
claro adverb clearly
que conjunction that
adverb yes
solo/sola adjective (m./f.) alone
o conjunction or
con preposition with
la leche noun (feminine) the milk
un poco phrase a little bit
de preposition of
un poco de leche phrase a little bit of milk
por favor phrase please

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

negro/negra adjective (m./f.) black
café negro phrase black coffee
café solo phrase black coffee
querer verb (infinitive) to want
(él/ella) quiere verb (present tense) he/she(/it) wants
Colombia noun (feminine) Colombia
café suave phrase smooth coffee
México/Méjico noun (masculine) Mexico
Chiapas noun (plural, masculine) Chiapas (a Mexican state)
Antigua noun (feminine) Antigua (city in Guatemala)
Guatemala noun (feminine) Guatemala
la parroquia noun (feminine) the parish (church)
café de la parroquia phrase coffee of the parish
Veracruz noun (feminine) Veracruz (city in Mexico)
hasta luego phrase see you later
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

oír infinitive to hear
¡(tú) oye! imperative (you) hear! (informal, singular)
¡(usted) oiga! (you) hear! (formal, singular)
¡(nosotros/-as) oigamos! (let's) hear! (m./f.)
¡(vosotros/-as) oíd! (you) hear! (informal, plural, m./f.)
¡(ustedes) oigan! (you) hear! (formal, plural)
 
me indirect object pronoun (to) me
te (to) you (informal, singular)
le (to) him/her(/it)
le (to) you (formal, singular)
nos (to) us
os (to) you (informal, plural)
les (to) them
les (to) you (formal, plural)
 
apetecer infinitive to appetize
(yo) apetezco present tense I appetize
(tú) apeteces you appetize (informal, singular)
(él/ella) apetece he/she(/it) appetizes
(usted) apetece you appetize (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) apetecemos we appetize (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) apetecéis you appetize (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) apetecen they appetize (m./f.)
(ustedes) apetecen you appetize (formal, plural)
 
querer infinitive to want
(yo) quiero present tense I want
(tú) quieres you want (informal, singular)
(él/ella) quiere he/she(/it) wants
(usted) quiere you want (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) queremos we want (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) queréis you want (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) quieren they want (m./f.)
(ustedes) quieren you want (formal, plural)
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

¡Oye! ¿Te apetece un café? Hey! Do you want a coffee?
Claro que sí. Of course yes.
¿Solo o con leche? Black or with milk?
Con un poco de leche, por favor. With a little bit of milk, please.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

Hey! Do you want a coffee? ¡Oye! ¿Te apetece un café?
Of course yes. Claro que sí.
Black or with milk? ¿Solo o con leche?
With a little bit of milk, please. Con un poco de leche, por favor.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

Would you like a little bit of milk? ¿Te apetece un poco de leche?
Coffee with milk? ¿Café con leche?
Of course. One coffee with milk. Claro. Un café con leche.
Hey! ¡Oye!
Yes? ¿Sí?
A black coffee, please. Un café solo, por favor.
You would like a black coffee? ¿Te apetece un café solo?
Of course yes. Claro que sí.
Of course. Claro.

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

Hey! Do you want a coffee? (formal) ¡Oiga! ¿Le apetece un café?
Of course yes. Claro que sí.
Black or with milk? ¿Solo o con leche?
With a little bit of milk, please. Con un poco de leche, por favor.

Image Credits

  • “Image:A small cup of coffee.JPG” by Julius Schorzman (Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 2.0 License)
  • “Image:Milk glass.jpg” by Stefan Kühn (GNU Free Documentation License)
  • “Image:Girl in chiapas.jpg” by Arturo Avila (Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 License)
 




 

A0052: Smells Good

Introduction

If you are on a diet, you might want to skip this lesson. Seriously! Otherwise you are about to listen to the most sensual dialogue of this course. Our keywords are: qué rico – how delicious and cuidado – caution/be careful. Have the cookies ready!

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Dialogue

hombre: Huele bien.
mujer: Sí, son mis galletas.
hombre: ¡Qué rico!
mujer: ¡Cuidado, están calientes!
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

hombre: Huele bien.
(it) smells well
man: It smells good.
mujer: Sí, son mis galletas.
yes (they) are my cookies
woman: Yes, it's my cookies.
hombre: ¡Qué rico!
how rich
man: How delicious!
mujer: ¡Cuidado, están calientes!
caution (they) are hot
woman: Careful, they're hot!
la galleta – the cookie
rico/rica – rich
¡cuidado! – be careful
caliente – hot

Vocabulary for Dialogue

el hombre noun (masculine) the man
la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
oler verb (infinitive) to smell
(él/ella) huele verb (present tense) he/she(/it) smells
bien adverb well
adverb yes
ser verb (infinitive) to be (permanent nature)
(ellos/ellas) son verb (present tense) they are
mi possessive adjective my
mis poss. adjective (plural) my
la galleta noun (feminine) the cookie
las galletas noun (plural, feminine) the cookies
mi galleta phrase my cookie
mis galletas phrase my cookies
¿qué? interrogative pronoun what?, how?
rico/rica adjective (m./f.) rich, delicious
el cuidado noun (masculine) the caution
¡cuidado! phrase caution!, be careful!
estar verb (infinitive) to be (temporary state)
(ellos/ellas) están verb (present tense) they are
caliente adjective (m./f.) hot
calientes adjective (plural, m./f.) hot
el beso – the kiss

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

(él/ella) es verb (present tense) he/she(/it) is
(él) es rico phrase he is rich
(ella) es rica phrase she is rich
(él/ella) está verb (present tense) he/she(/it) is
(él) está rico phrase he(/it) is delicious
(ella) está rica phrase she(/it) is delicious
el masaje noun (masculine) the massage
¡qué rico masaje! phrase what a pleasant massage!
el beso noun (masculine) the kiss
¡qué rico beso! phrase what an awesome kiss!
hasta luego phrase see you later
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

oler infinitive to smell
(yo) huelo present tense I smell
(tú) hueles you smell (informal, singular)
(él/ella) huele he/she(/it) smells
(usted) huele you smell (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) olemos we smell (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) oléis you smell (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) huelen they smell (m./f.)
(ustedes) huelen you smell (formal, plural)
 
ser infinitive to be
(yo) soy present tense I am
(tú) eres you are (informal, singular)
(él/ella) es he/she(/it) is
(usted) es you are (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) somos we are (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) sois you are (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) son they are (m./f.)
(ustedes) son you are (formal, plural)
 
mi possessive adjective my
mis poss. adjective (plural) my
tu possessive adjective your (informal, singular)
tus poss. adjective (plural) your (informal, singular)
su possessive adjective his/her(/its)/their
sus poss. adjective (plural) his/her(/its)/their
su possessive adjective your (formal)
sus poss. adjective (plural) your (formal)
nuestro/nuestra poss. adjective (m./f.) our
nuestros/nuestras poss. adj. (plural, m./f.) our
vuestro/vuestra poss. adjective (m./f.) your (informal, plural)
vuestros/vuestras poss. adj. (plural, m./f.) your (informal, plural)
 
estar infinitive to be
(yo) estoy present tense I am
(tú) estás you are (informal, singular)
(él/ella) está he/she(/it) is
(usted) está you are (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) estamos we are (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) estáis you are (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) están they are (m./f.)
(ustedes) están you are (formal, plural)
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

Huele bien. It smells good.
Sí, son mis galletas. Yes, it's my cookies.
¡Qué rico! How delicious!
¡Cuidado, están calientes! Careful, they're hot!

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

It smells good. Huele bien.
Yes, it's my cookies. Sí, son mis galletas.
How delicious! ¡Qué rico!
Careful, they're hot! ¡Cuidado, están calientes!

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

It smells good. Is it cookies? Huele bien. ¿Son galletas?
Yes, it's my hot cookies. Sí, son mis galletas calientes.
Are they hot? ¿Están calientes?
Yes, they are hot. Careful! Sí, están calientes. ¡Cuidado!
How hot! ¡Qué caliente!

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

It smells good. Huele bien.
Yes, it's my cookie. Sí, es mi galleta.
How delicious! ¡Qué rico!
Careful, it's hot! ¡Cuidado, está caliente!

Image Credits

  • “Image:Choco chip cookie.jpg” by Bob Smith (Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 License)
  • “Image:VegasBitch198.jpg” by Kaledj777 (Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 3.0)
  • “Image:Gefahrenzeichen 16.svg” from österreichische Straßenverkehrszeichenverordnung (StVZVO) (Public Domain)
  • “Image:Delicious bikini-girl silvia.jpg” by photo&co (Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 License)
  • “Image:French Kiss.JPG” by KoS (Public Domain)
 




 

A0056: What Time Is the Train?

Introduction

Don't panic! Take your time with this lesson! Not only are Liliana and JP talking about a lot of numbers but also about times and hours — including the funny 24-hour system. We learn that JP doesn't like it and even Liliana seems to get it wrong at one point. Anyway, the key phrases are: ¿Qué hora es? – What time is it? and ¡Apúrate! – Hurry up!

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Dialogue

mujer: ¿A qué hora sale nuestro tren?
hombre: A las tres de la tarde.
mujer: ¿Y qué hora es?
hombre: ¡Son las dos cuarenta!
mujer: ¡Apúrate! ¡Corre!
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

mujer: ¿A qué hora sale nuestro tren?
at what hour (it) leaves our train
woman: At what time does our train leave?
hombre: A las tres de la tarde.
at the three of the afternoon
man: At three o'clock in the afternoon.
mujer: ¿Y qué hora es?
and what hour (it) is
woman: And what time is it?
hombre: ¡Son las dos cuarenta!
(they) are the two forty
man: It's two forty.
mujer: ¡Apúrate! ¡Corre!
hurry (yourself) run
woman: Hurry up! Run!
el tren – the train
correr – to run

Vocabulary for Dialogue

la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
el hombre noun (masculine) the man
a preposition at
¿qué? interrogative pronoun what?
la hora noun (feminine) the hour, the time
salir verb (infinitive) to leave
(él/ella) sale verb (present tense) he/she(/it) leaves
nuestro/nuestra poss. adjective (m./f.) our
el tren noun (masculine) the train
tres number three
a las tres phrase at three o'clock
de preposition of
la tarde noun (feminine) the afternoon
y conjunction and
ser verb (infinitive) to be
(él/ella) es verb (present tense) he/she(/it) is
¿Qué hora es? phrase What time is it?
(ellos/ellas) son verb (present tense) they are
dos number two
Son las dos. phrase It's two o'clock.
cuarenta number forty
se reflexive pronoun oneself
apurarse verb (infinitive) to hurry up (oneself)
te reflexive pronoun yourself (informal, singular)
¡(tú) apúrate! verb (imperative) (you) hurry up (yourself)! (informal, singular)
correr verb (infinitive) to run
¡(tú) corre! verb (imperative) (you) run! (informal, singular)
las cinco – five o'clock
las veinte – eight o'clock in the evening

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

una e phrase an e
en preposition in
la una phrase one o'clock
es la una phrase it's one o'clock
a la una phrase at one o'clock
las dos phrase two o'clock
son las dos phrase it's two o'clock
a las dos phrase at two o'clock
las tres phrase three o'clock
las cuatro phrase four o'clock
las cinco phrase five o'clock
las seis phrase six o'clock
las siete phrase seven o'clock
quince number fifteen
las quince (horas) phrase three o'clock in the afternoon
trece number thirteen
las trece (horas) phrase one o'clock in the afternoon
catorce number fourteen
las catorce (horas) phrase two o'clock in the afternoon
dieciséis number sixteen
las dieciséis (horas) phrase four o'clock in the afternoon
veinte number twenty
las veinte (horas) phrase eight o'clock in the evening
ocho number eight
¡vamonos! phrase let's go!
hasta luego phrase see you later
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

salir infinitive to leave
(yo) salgo present tense I leave
(tú) sales you leave (informal, singular)
(él/ella) sale he/she(/it) leaves
(usted) sale you leave (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) salimos we leave (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) salís you leave (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) salen they leave (m./f.)
(ustedes) salen you leave (formal, plural)
 
mi possessive adjective my
mis poss. adjective (plural) my
tu possessive adjective your (informal, singular)
tus poss. adjective (plural) your (informal, singular)
su possessive adjective his/her(/its)/their
sus poss. adjective (plural) his/her(/its)/their
su possessive adjective your (formal)
sus poss. adjective (plural) your (formal)
nuestro/nuestra poss. adjective (m./f.) our
nuestros/nuestras poss. adj. (plural, m./f.) our
vuestro/vuestra poss. adjective (m./f.) your (informal, plural)
vuestros/vuestras poss. adj. (plural, m./f.) your (informal, plural)
 
ser infinitive to be
(yo) soy present tense I am
(tú) eres you are (informal, singular)
(él/ella) es he/she(/it) is
(usted) es you are (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) somos we are (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) sois you are (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) son they are (m./f.)
(ustedes) son you are (formal, plural)
 
me reflexive pronoun myself
te yourself (informal, singular)
se himself/herself(/itself)
se yourself (formal, singular)
nos ourselves, each other
os yourselves, each other (informal, plural)
se themselves, each other
se yourselves, each other (formal, plural)
 
apúrarse infinitive to hurry up (oneself)
¡(tú) apúrate! imperative (you) hurry up (yourself)! (informal, singular)
¡(usted) apúrese! (you) hurry up (yourself)! (formal, singular)
¡(nosotros/-as) apurémonos! (let's) hurry up (ourselves)! (m./f.)
¡(vosotros/-as) apuraos! (you) hurry up (yourselves)! (informal, plural, m./f.)
¡(ustedes) apúrense! (you) hurry up (yourselves)! (formal, plural)
 
correr infinitive to run
¡(tú) corre! imperative (you) run! (informal, singular)
¡(usted) corra! (you) run! (formal, singular)
¡(nosotros/-as) corramos! (let's) run! (m./f.)
¡(vosotros/-as) corred! (you) run! (informal, plural, m./f.)
¡(ustedes) corran! (you) run! (formal, plural)


    
uno 1
dos 2
tres 3
cuatro 4
cinco 5
seis 6
siete 7
ocho 8
nueve 9
diez 10
once 11
doce 12
trece 13
catorce 14
quince 15
dieciséis 16
diecisiete 17
dieciocho 18
diecinueve 19
veinte 20
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

¿A qué hora sale nuestro tren? At what time does our train leave?
A las tres de la tarde. At three o'clock in the afternoon.
¿Y qué hora es? And what time is it?
¡Son las dos cuarenta! It's two forty.
¡Apúrate! ¡Corre! Hurry up! Run!

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

At what time does our train leave? ¿A qué hora sale nuestro tren?
At three o'clock in the afternoon. A las tres de la tarde.
And what time is it? ¿Y qué hora es?
It's two forty. ¡Son las dos cuarenta!
Hurry up! Run! ¡Apúrate! ¡Corre!

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

What time is it? ¿Qué hora es?
It's one o'clock. Es la una.
And at what time does the train leave? ¿Y a qué hora sale el tren?
Our train leaves at three o'clock in the afternoon. Nuestro tren sale a las tres de la tarde.
Hurry up! Run! (speaking to a watch) ¡Apúrate! ¡Corre!

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

At what time does your train leave? (formal, singular) ¿A qué hora sale su tren?
At five o'clock in the afternoon. A las cinco de la tarde.
And what time is it? ¿Y qué hora es?
It's four forty. ¡Son las cuatro cuarenta!
Hurry up! Run! (formal, singular) ¡Apúrese! ¡Corra!

Image Credits

  • “Image:The Empire State Express 1893.jpg” by A.P. Yates (Public Domain)
  • “Image:Canis rufus FWS cropped.jpg” by Curtis Carley (Public Domain)
  • “Image:Horloge.svg” by Pabix (GNU Free Documentation License)
  • “Image:Picswiss BE-98-26 Biel- Uhr am Bahnhof SBB.jpg” by Roland Zumbühl (GNU Free Documentation License)
 




 

A0062: At the Bank

Introduction

We are going to a Mexican bank! That must be fun! Well, maybe not that much. But at least we are well prepared after this lesson with Liliana and JP. The keyword is: depósito – deposit.

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

hombre: Quiero hacer un depósito.
mujer: ¡Llene este formulario!
hombre: ¿Me presta su pluma?
mujer: Claro.
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

hombre: Quiero hacer un depósito.
(I) want (to) make a deposit
man: I want to make a deposit.
mujer: ¡Llene este formulario!
(you) fill out this form
woman: Fill out this form!
hombre: ¿Me presta su pluma?
(to) me (you) loan your pen
man: Do you loan me your pen?
mujer: Claro.
clear
woman: Of course.
la pluma – the fountain pen
la pluma – the feather

Vocabulary for Dialogue

el hombre noun (masculine) the man
la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
querer verb (infinitive) to want
(yo) quiero verb (present tense) I want
hacer verb (infinitive) to make
(yo) quiero hacer phrase I want to make
un/una article (m./f.) a
el depósito noun (masculine) the deposit
llenar verb (infinitive) to fill (up/out)
¡(usted) llene! verb (imperative) (you) fill (out)! (formal, singular)
este/esta adjective (m./f.) this
el formulario noun (masculine) the form
me indirect object pronoun (to/for) me
prestar verb (infinitive) to loan
(usted) presta verb (present tense) you loan (formal, singular)
su possessive adjective your (formal)
la pluma noun (feminine) the (fountain) pen, the feather
claro/clara adjective (m./f.) clear
¡claro! interjection of course!

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

¡Llene el vaso de agua! phrase Fill up the glass of water!
¡Llene el tanque! phrase Fill the gas tank!
la señorita noun (feminine) the miss
la piñata noun (feminine) game for children about breaking a pot
los mariachis noun (plural, masculine) the Mexican musicians
hasta luego phrase see you later
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

querer infinitive to want
(yo) quiero present tense I want
(tú) quieres you want (informal, singular)
(él/ella) quiere he/she(/it) wants
(usted) quiere you want (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) queremos we want (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) queréis you want (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) quieren they want (m./f.)
(ustedes) quieren you want (formal, plural)
 
llenar infinitive to fill (out/up)
¡(tú) llena! imperative (you) fill (out/up)! (informal, singular)
¡(usted) llene! (you) fill (out/up)! (formal, singular)
¡(nosotros/-as) llenemos! (let's) fill (out/up)! (m./f.)
¡(vosotros/-as) llenad! (you) fill (out/up)! (informal, plural, m./f.)
¡(ustedes) llenen! (you) fill (out/up)! (formal, plural)
 
me indirect object pronoun (to) me
te (to) you (informal, singular)
le (to) him/her(/it)
le (to) you (formal, singular)
nos (to) us
os (to) you (informal, plural)
les (to) them
les (to) you (formal, plural)
 
prestar infinitive to loan
(yo) presto present tense I loan
(tú) prestas you loan (informal, singular)
(él/ella) presta he/she(/it) loans
(usted) presta you loan (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) prestamos we loan (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) prestáis you loan (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) prestan they loan (m./f.)
(ustedes) prestan you loan (formal, plural)
 
mi possessive adjective my
mis poss. adjective (plural) my
tu possessive adjective your (informal, singular)
tus poss. adjective (plural) your (informal, singular)
su possessive adjective his/her(/its)/their
sus poss. adjective (plural) his/her(/its)/their
su possessive adjective your (formal)
sus poss. adjective (plural) your (formal)
nuestro/nuestra poss. adjective (m./f.) our
nuestros/nuestras poss. adj. (plural, m./f.) our
vuestro/vuestra poss. adjective (m./f.) your (informal, plural)
vuestros/vuestras poss. adj. (plural, m./f.) your (informal, plural)
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

Quiero hacer un depósito. I want to make a deposit.
¡Llene este formulario! Fill out this form!
¿Me presta su pluma? Do you loan me your pen?
Claro. Of course.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

I want to make a deposit. Quiero hacer un depósito.
Fill out this form! ¡Llene este formulario!
Do you loan me your pen? ¿Me presta su pluma?
Of course. Claro.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

I want to make a deposit. Quiero hacer un depósito.
Fill out this form! ¡Llene este formulario!
Of course. Do you loan me your pen? Claro. ¿Me presta su pluma?
Fill out this form! ¡Llene este formulario!
I want to fill out this form! ¡Quiero llenar este formulario!
Fill out this form! ¡Llene este formulario!
Of course. Claro.

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

We want to make a deposit. Queremos hacer un depósito.
Fill out this form! (formal, plural) ¡Llenen este formulario!
Do you loan us your pen? ¿Nos presta su pluma?
Of course. Claro.

Image Credits

  • “Image:Fuellfederhalter.jpg” by Jakob Richter (GNU Free Documentation License)
  • “Image:A single white feather closeup.jpg” by Joao Estevao Andrade de Freitas (Public Domain)
 




 

A0066: Bottle of Water

Introduction

Ordering a bottle of water is one thing; making fun at the same time is something completely different. JP and Liliana tell us all about it — and more! The keywords are: gas – carbonation and botella – bottle.

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

mujer: ¿Qué le doy?
hombre: ¿Me da una botella de agua, por favor?
mujer: ¿Agua con gas o sin gas?
hombre: Sin gas porque me da gas.
mujer: Enseguida se la doy.
hombre: Gracias.
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

mujer: ¿Qué le doy?
what (to) you (I) give
woman: What shall I give you?
hombre: ¿Me da una botella de agua, por favor?
(to) me (you) give a bottle of water please
man: Will you give me a bottle of water, please?
mujer: ¿Agua con gas o sin gas?
water with gas or without gas
woman: Carbonated water or non-carbonated water?
hombre: Sin gas porque me da gas.
without gas because (to) me (it) gives gas
man: Non-carbonated because it gives me gas.
mujer: Enseguida se la doy.
immediately (to) you it (I) give
woman: I'll give it to you right away.
hombre: Gracias.
thanks
man: Thank you.
una botella de agua sin gas – a bottle of non-carbonated water
el agua fría – the cold water

Vocabulary for Dialogue

la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
el hombre noun (masculine) the man
¿qué? interrogative pronoun what?
le indirect object pronoun (to) you (formal, singular)
dar verb (infinitive) to give
(yo) doy verb (present tense) I give
me indirect object pronoun (to) me
(usted) da verb (present tense) you give (formal, singular)
un/una article (m./f.) a
la botella noun (feminine) the bottle
de preposition of
el agua noun (feminine) the water
por favor phrase please
con preposition with
el gas noun (masculine) the gas, the carbonation
o conjunction or
sin preposition without
porque conjunction because
(él/ella) da verb (present tense) he/she(/it) gives
enseguida adverb immediately, right away
la direct object pronoun her(/it)
se la doy phrase I give her(/it) to you (formal, singular)
gracias phrase thanks

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

(tú) das verb (present tense) you give (informal, singular)
frío/fría adjective (m./f.) cold
el agua fría phrase the cold water
hasta luego phrase see you later
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

dar infinitive to give
(yo) doy present tense I give
(tú) das you give (informal, singular)
(él/ella) da he/she(/it) gives
(usted) da you give (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) damos we give (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) dais you give (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) dan they give (m./f.)
(ustedes) dan you give (formal, plural)
 
me indirect object pronoun (to) me
te (to) you (informal, singular)
le (to) him/her(/it)
le (to) you (formal, singular)
nos (to) us
os (to) you (informal, plural)
les (to) them
les (to) you (formal, plural)
 
me direct object pronoun me
te you (informal, singular)
lo/la him/her(/it)
lo/la you (formal, singular, m./f.)
nos us
os you (informal, plural)
los/las them (m./f.)
los/las you (formal, plural, m./f.)
 
me lo/la phrase him/her(/it) to me
te lo/la phrase him/her(/it) to you (informal, singular)
se lo/la phrase him/her(/it) to him/her(/it)
se lo/la phrase him/her(/it) to you (formal, singular)
nos lo/la phrase him/her(/it) to us
os lo/la phrase him/her(/it) to you (informal, plural)
se lo/la phrase him/her(/it) to them
se lo/la phrase him/her(/it) to you (formal, plural)
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

¿Qué le doy? What shall I give you?
¿Me da una botella de agua, por favor? Will you give me a bottle of water, please?
¿Agua con gas o sin gas? Carbonated water or non-carbonated water?
Sin gas porque me da gas. Non-carbonated because it gives me gas.
Enseguida se la doy. I'll give it to you right away.
Gracias. Thank you.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

What shall I give you? ¿Qué le doy?
Will you give me a bottle of water, please? ¿Me da una botella de agua, por favor?
Carbonated water or non-carbonated water? ¿Agua con gas o sin gas?
Non-carbonated because it gives me gas. Sin gas porque me da gas.
I'll give it to you right away. Enseguida se la doy.
Thank you. Gracias.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

What shall I give you? ¿Qué le doy?
Will you give me a bottle, please? ¿Me da una botella, por favor?
¿A bottle? ¿A bottle of water or what? ¿Una botella? ¿Una botella de agua o qué?
Will you give me a bottle of gas, please? ¿Me da una botella de gas, por favor?
What? A bottle of carbonated water? ¿Qué? ¿Una botella de agua con gas?
Or a bottle of gas with water. O una botella de gas con agua.
I'll give it to you right away. Enseguida se la doy.
I give you the thanks. (= I thank you) Le doy las gracias.

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

What shall I give you? (informal) ¿Qué te doy?
Will you give me a bottle of water, please? (informal) ¿Me das una botella de agua, por favor?
Carbonated water or non-carbonated water? ¿Agua con gas o sin gas?
Non-carbonated because it gives me gas. Sin gas porque me da gas.
I'll give it to you right away. (informal) Enseguida te la doy.
Thank you. Gracias.

Image Credits

  • “Image:Brand Cielo Water Bottle 2.5 Litre.jpg” by AgainErick (GNU Free Documentation License)
  • “Image:Ice water.jpg” by Jon Sullivan (Public Domain)
 




 

A0072: Here Is My Card

Introduction

A few Spanish words can make a big difference when you are networking. So does a nice business card, which is also our keyword: tarjeta de presentación – business card.

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

mujer: Mucho gusto.
hombre: Igualmente.
mujer: ¿Me puedes dar tu e-mail?
hombre: Mejor te doy mi tarjeta de presentación.
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

mujer: Mucho gusto.
much pleasure
woman: It's been my pleasure.
hombre: Igualmente.
equally
man: Likewise.
mujer: ¿Me puedes dar tu e-mail?
(to) me (you) can give your e-mail
woman: Can you give me your e-mail?
hombre: Mejor te doy mi tarjeta de presentación.
better (to) you (I) give my card of introduction
man: I'll better give you my business card.
la tarjeta de presentación – the business card
la comunicación – the communication
la información – the information
la prostitución – the prostitution

Vocabulary for Dialogue

la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
el hombre noun (masculine) the man
mucho/mucha adjective (m./f.) much
el gusto noun (masculine) the pleasure
igualmente adverb equally, likewise
me indirect object pronoun (to/for) me
poder verb (infinitive) to be able
(tú) puedes verb (present tense) you can (informal, singular)
dar verb (infinitive) to give
(tú) me puedes dar phrase you can give to me (informal, singular)
tu adjective (m./f.) your (informal, singular)
el e-mail noun (masculine) the e-mail
mejor adjective (m./f.) better
te indirect object pronoun (to/for) you (informal, singular)
(yo) doy verb (present tense) I give
mi adjective (m./f.) my
la tarjeta noun (feminine) the card
de preposition of
la presentación noun (feminine) the introduction
la tarjeta de presentación phrase the business card
la drogadicción – the drug addiction

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

también adverb also
la comunicación noun (feminine) the communication
la información noun (feminine) the information
la transportación noun (feminine) the transportation
la prostitución noun (feminine) the prostitution
la drogadicción noun (feminine) the drug addiction
muchas gracias phrase thank you very much
hasta luego phrase see you later
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

me indirect object pronoun (to) me
te (to) you (informal, singular)
le (to) him/her(/it)
le (to) you (formal, singular)
nos (to) us
os (to) you (informal, plural)
les (to) them
les (to) you (formal, plural)
 
poder infinitive to be able
(yo) puedo present tense I can
(tú) puedes you can (informal, singular)
(él/ella) puede he/she(/it) can
(usted) puede you can (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) podemos we can (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) podéis you can (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) pueden they can (m./f.)
(ustedes) pueden you can (formal, plural)
 
dar infinitive to give
(yo) doy present tense I give
(tú) das you give (informal, singular)
(él/ella) da he/she(/it) gives
(usted) da you give (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) damos we give (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) dais you give (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) dan they give (m./f.)
(ustedes) dan you give (formal, plural)
 
mi possessive adjective my
mis poss. adjective (plural) my
tu possessive adjective your (informal, singular)
tus poss. adjective (plural) your (informal, singular)
su possessive adjective his/her(/its)/their
sus poss. adjective (plural) his/her(/its)/their
su possessive adjective your (formal)
sus poss. adjective (plural) your (formal)
nuestro/nuestra poss. adjective (m./f.) our
nuestros/nuestras poss. adj. (plural, m./f.) our
vuestro/vuestra poss. adjective (m./f.) your (informal, plural)
vuestros/vuestras poss. adj. (plural, m./f.) your (informal, plural)
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

Mucho gusto. It's been my pleasure.
Igualmente. Likewise.
¿Me puedes dar tu e-mail? Can you give me your e-mail?
Mejor te doy mi tarjeta de presentación. I'll better give you my business card.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

It's been my pleasure. Mucho gusto.
Likewise. Igualmente.
Can you give me your e-mail? ¿Me puedes dar tu e-mail?
I'll better give you my business card. Mejor te doy mi tarjeta de presentación.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

It's been my pleasure. Mucho gusto.
Likewise. I'll give you my e-mail. Igualmente. Te doy mi e-mail.
I'll better give you my business card. Mejor te doy mi tarjeta de presentación.
Thank you very much. Muchas gracias.

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

It's been my pleasure. Mucho gusto.
Likewise. Igualmente.
Can you give me your e-mail? (formal) ¿Me puede dar su e-mail?
I'll better give you my business card. (formal) Mejor le doy mi tarjeta de presentación.

Image Credits

  • “Image:Swim texas card.jpg” by Chrystie Hearron (GNU Free Documentation License)
  • “Image:Communication sender-message-reciever.png” by Einar Faanes (GNU Free Documentation License)
  • “Image:Info icon 002.svg” by Amada44 (Public Domain)
  • “Image:Wiki-prostitute.png” by Seedfeeder (Public Domain)
  • “Image:GG Allin Grave.jpg” by Sweed666 at en.wikipedia (GNU Free Documentation License)
 




 

A0076: Jet-Lag

Introduction

The most important thing about jet-lag: there is good jet-lag (when the local time is behind your time because you were flying westwards) and bad jet-lag (when the local time is ahead of your time because you were flying eastwards). Similarly, our keyword has multiple meanings: cambio de horario – change of schedule/change of time zone/jet-lag.

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

mujer: Tengo jet-lag.
hombre: ¿Qué es eso?
mujer: El cambio de horario.
hombre: Ah, claro, porque aquí son ocho horas más.
mujer: Cierto.
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

mujer: Tengo jet-lag.
(I) have jet-lag
woman: I have jet-lag.
hombre: ¿Qué es eso?
what (it) is that
man: What's that?
mujer: El cambio de horario.
the change of schedule
woman: The change of time zone.
hombre: Ah, claro, porque aquí son ocho horas más.
oh clearly because here (they) are eight hours more
man: Oh, of course, because here it's eight hours ahead.
mujer: Cierto.
certain
woman: True.
el horario – the schedule
el cambio de horario – the change of time zone

Vocabulary for Dialogue

la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
el hombre noun (masculine) the man
tener verb (infinitive) to have
(yo) tengo verb (present tense) I have
el jet-lag noun (masculine) the jet-lag
¿qué? interrogative pronoun what?
ser verb (infinitive) to be
(él/ella) es verb (present tense) he/she(/it) is
ese/esa/eso pronoun (m./f./neuter) this, that
el cambio noun (masculine) the change
de preposition of
el horario noun (masculine) the schedule
ah interjection oh
claro adverb clearly, of course
porque conjunction because
aquí adverb here
(ellos/ellas) son verb (present tense) they are
ocho number eight
la hora noun (feminine) the hour
las horas noun (plural, feminine) the hours
más adverb more
cierto/cierta adjective (m./f.) certain, true
cierto phrase I think so

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

clarisimo adverb very clearly
el taco noun (masculine) the taco
los tacos noun (plural, masculine) the tacos
el tequila noun (masculine) the tequila
hasta luego phrase see you later
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

tener infinitive to have
(yo) tengo present tense I have
(tú) tienes you have (informal, singular)
(él/ella) tiene he/she(/it) has
(usted) tiene you have (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) tenemos we have (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) tenéis you have (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) tienen they have (m./f.)
(ustedes) tienen you have (formal, plural)
 
ser infinitive to be
(yo) soy present tense I am
(tú) eres you are (informal, singular)
(él/ella) es he/she(/it) is
(usted) es you are (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) somos we are (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) sois you are (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) son they are (m./f.)
(ustedes) son you are (formal, plural)


    
uno 1
dos 2
tres 3
cuatro 4
cinco 5
seis 6
siete 7
ocho 8
nueve 9
diez 10
once 11
doce 12
trece 13
catorce 14
quince 15
dieciséis 16
diecisiete 17
dieciocho 18
diecinueve 19
veinte 20
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

Tengo jet-lag. I have jet-lag.
¿Qué es eso? What's that?
El cambio de horario. The change of time zone.
Ah, claro, porque aquí son ocho horas más. Oh, of course, because here it's eight hours ahead.
Cierto. True.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

I have jet-lag. Tengo jet-lag.
What's that? ¿Qué es eso?
The change of time zone. El cambio de horario.
Oh, of course, because here it's eight hours ahead. Ah, claro, porque aquí son ocho horas más.
True. Cierto.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

I have eight hours more. Tengo ocho horas más.
Why? ¿Por qué?
Because of (= por) the change of time zone. Por el cambio de horario.
What's that? ¿Qué es eso?
Here it's eight hours less (= menos). Aquí son ocho horas menos.
True. Cierto.

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

We have jet-lag. Tenemos jet-lag.
What's that? ¿Qué es eso?
The change of time zone. El cambio de horario.
Oh, of course, because here it's one (= una) hour ahead. Ah, claro, porque aquí es una hora más.
True. Cierto.

Image Credits

  • “Image:Wikimania2007 schedule check.jpg” by Kat Walsh (GNU Free Documentation License)
  • “Image:Gnome globe current event 3.svg” by Rugby471 (GNU Lesser General Public License)
 




 

A0082: My Name Is...

Introduction

First contact! We learn how to say “hello” and how to introduce ourselves. And I think this is also one of the very first podcasts of the SpanishPod team. At least Leo seems to feel a bit uncomfortable in front of the mic. Well, there is always a first time. The keyword is llamarse – to call oneself.

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

hombre: ¡Hola! ¿Cómo te llamas?
mujer: Me llamo Antonia. ¿Y tú?
hombre: Yo soy Roberto.
mujer: Encantada.
hombre: Mucho gusto.
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

hombre: ¡Hola! ¿Cómo te llamas?
hello how yourself (you) call
man: Hi! What is your name?
mujer: Me llamo Antonia. ¿Y tú?
myself (I) call Antonia and you
woman: My name is Antonia. And you?
hombre: Yo soy Roberto.
I am Roberto
man: I'm Roberto.
mujer: Encantada.
enchanted
woman: Nice to meet you.
hombre: Mucho gusto.
much pleasure
man: It's a pleasure.
me llamo Albertus – I call myself Albertus
encantado/encantada – enchanted

Vocabulary for Dialogue

el hombre noun (masculine) the man
la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
hola interjection hello
¿cómo? adverb how?
se reflexive pronoun oneself
llamarse verb (infinitive) to call oneself
te reflexive pronoun yourself (informal, singular)
(tú) te llamas verb (present tense) you call yourself
me reflexive pronoun myself
(yo) me llamo verb (present tense) I call myself
y conjunction and
subject pronoun you
yo subject pronoun I
ser verb (infinitive) to be
(yo) soy verb (present tense) I am
encantado/encantada adjective (m./f.) enchanted
mucho/mucha adjective (m./f.) much
el gusto noun (masculine) the pleasure

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

¿cuál? interrogative pronoun which?, what?
(él/ella) es verb (present tense) he/she(/it) is
tu possessive adjective your (informal, singular)
el nombre noun (masculine) the name
¿Cuál es tu nombre? phrase What is your name?
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

me reflexive pronoun myself
te yourself (informal, singular)
se himself/herself(/itself)
se yourself (formal, singular)
nos ourselves, each other
os yourselves, each other (informal, plural)
se themselves, each other
se yourselves, each other (formal, plural)
 
llamarse infinitive to call oneself, to be called
(yo) me llamo present tense I call myself
(tú) te llamas you call yourself (informal, singular)
(él/ella) se llama he/she(/it) calls himself/herself(/itself)
(usted) se llama you call yourself (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) nos llamamos we call ourselves (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) os llamáis you call yourselves (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) se llaman they call themselves (m./f.)
(ustedes) se llaman you call yourselves (formal, plural)
 
ser infinitive to be
(yo) soy present tense I am
(tú) eres you are (informal, singular)
(él/ella) es he/she(/it) is
(usted) es you are (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) somos we are (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) sois you are (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) son they are (m./f.)
(ustedes) son you are (formal, plural)
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

¡Hola! ¿Cómo te llamas? Hi! What is your name?
Me llamo Antonia. ¿Y tú? My name is Antonia. And you?
Yo soy Roberto. I'm Roberto.
Encantada. Nice to meet you.
Mucho gusto. It's a pleasure.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

Hi! What is your name? ¡Hola! ¿Cómo te llamas?
My name is Antonia. And you? Me llamo Antonia. ¿Y tú?
I'm Roberto. Yo soy Roberto.
Nice to meet you. Encantada.
It's a pleasure. Mucho gusto.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

Hi! I'm Roberto. What's your name? ¡Hola! Yo soy Roberto. ¿Cómo te llamas?
Hi! My name is Antonia. And you? ¡Hola! Me llamo Antonia. ¿Y tú?
Roberto. My name is Roberto. It's a pleasure. Roberto. Me llamo Roberto. Mucho gusto.
Nice to meet you. And what's your name? Encantada. ¿Y cómo te llamas?
ROBERTO! ¡ROBERTO!

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

Hi! What is your name? (formal) ¡Hola! ¿Cómo se llama?
My name is Antonia. And you? (formal) Me llamo Antonia. ¿Y usted?
I'm Roberto. Yo soy Roberto.
Nice to meet you. Encantada.
It's a pleasure. Mucho gusto.

Image Credits

  • “Image:Duerer01.jpg” by Albrecht Dürer (Public Domain)
  • “Image:William Holmes Sullivan - The Fairy Ring; the Enchanted Piper.jpg” by William Holmes Sullivan (Public Domain)
 




 

A0086: Are You Single?

Introduction

Liliana and JP teach us the basics of flirting — Latino style! Well, or maybe the girl is just practising Spanish... who knows? In any case, our keyword is: soltero — single (for “dudes”).

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

mujer: ¿Eres soltero?
hombre: Sí. ¿Y tú?
mujer: No, tengo novio.
hombre: ¡Qué lástima!
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

mujer: ¿Eres soltero?
(you) are single
woman: Are you single?
hombre: Sí. ¿Y tú?
yes and you
man: Yes. How about you?
mujer: No, tengo novio.
no (I) have boyfriend
woman: No, I have a boyfriend.
hombre: ¡Qué lástima!
what pity
man: What a pity!
soltero/soltera – single
¡Cruel lástima! – Cruel shame!

Vocabulary for Dialogue

la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
el hombre noun (masculine) the man
ser verb (infinitive) to be
(tú) eres verb (present tense) you are (informal, singular)
soltero/soltera adjective (m./f.) single
adverb yes
y conjunction and
subject pronoun you (informal, singular)
no adverb no
tener verb (infinitive) to have
(yo) tengo verb (present tense) I have
el novio noun (masculine) the boyfriend
la novia noun (feminine) the girlfriend
¿qué? interrogative pronoun what?, how?
la lástima noun (feminine) the pity, the shame

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

hasta preposition until
luego adverb then
hasta luego phrase see you later
mañana adverb tomorrow
hasta mañana phrase see you tomorrow
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

ser infinitive to be
(yo) soy present tense I am
(tú) eres you are (informal, singular)
(él/ella) es he/she(/it) is
(usted) es you are (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) somos we are (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) sois you are (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) son they are (m./f.)
(ustedes) son you are (formal, plural)
 
tener infinitive to have
(yo) tengo present tense I have
(tú) tienes you have (informal, singular)
(él/ella) tiene he/she(/it) has
(usted) tiene you have (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) tenemos we have (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) tenéis you have (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) tienen they have (m./f.)
(ustedes) tienen you have (formal, plural)
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

¿Eres soltero? Are you single?
Sí. ¿Y tú? Yes. How about you?
No, tengo novio. No, I have a boyfriend.
¡Qué lástima! What a pity!

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

Are you single? ¿Eres soltero?
Yes. How about you? Sí. ¿Y tú?
No, I have a boyfriend. No, tengo novio.
What a pity! ¡Qué lástima!

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

Are you single? (masculine!) ¿Eres soltero?
No. I have a boyfriend. No, tengo novio.
What? — What a pity! ¿Qué? — ¡Qué lástima!
And you? Are you single? (feminine) ¿Y tú? ¿Eres soltera?
Yes. Sí.
A pity... Lástima...

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

Are you single? (formal) ¿Es soltero?
Yes. How about you? (formal) Sí. ¿Y usted?
No, I have a boyfriend. No, tengo novio.
What a pity! ¡Qué lástima!

Image Credits

  • “Image:Charles Thomson. I Feel Bad When I Reject Your Love.jpg” by Charles Thomson (GNU Free Documentation License)
  • “Image:Goya-Guerra (48).jpg” by Francisco Goya (Public Domain)
 




 

A0092: How Old Are You?

Introduction

We are entering dangerous territory: questions about age. Get your compliments ready, someone might be fishing! But first JP and Liliana give us the keyword of this lesson: años — years.

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

hombre: ¿Cuántos años tienes?
mujer: Tengo treinta años.
hombre: Pareces más joven.
mujer: Muchas gracias.
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

hombre: ¿Cuántos años tienes?
how many years (you) have
man: How old are you?
mujer: Tengo treinta años.
(I) have thirty years
woman: I'm thirty years old.
hombre: Pareces más joven.
(you) appear more young
man: You seem younger.
mujer: Muchas gracias.
many thanks
woman: Thanks a lot.

Vocabulary for Dialogue

el hombre noun (masculine) the man
la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
¿cuánto?/¿cuánta? interrog. pronoun (m./f.) how much?
¿cuántos?/¿cuántas? interrog. pron. (plural, m./f.) how many?
el año noun (masculine) the year
los años noun (plural, masculine) the years
tener verb (infinitive) to have
(tú) tienes verb (present tense) you have (informal, singular)
treinta number thirty
parecer verb (infinitive) to seem
(tú) pareces verb (present tense) you seem (informal, singular)
más adverb more
joven adjective (m./f.) young
más joven phrase younger
mucho/mucha adjective (m./f.) much
muchos/muchas adjective (plural, m./f.) many
gracias phrase thank you
muchas gracias phrase thank you a lot
veinticinco años – 25 years

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

treinta y cinco number 35
veinticinco number 25
veintinueve number 29
así adverb so, like this
ser verb (infinitive) to be
(él/ella) es verb (present tense) he/she(/it) is
así es phrase exactly
hasta luego phrase see you later
hasta mañana phrase until tomorrow
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

tener infinitive to have
(yo) tengo present tense I have
(tú) tienes you have (informal, singular)
(él/ella) tiene he/she(/it) has
(usted) tiene you have (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) tenemos we have (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) tenéis you have (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) tienen they have (m./f.)
(ustedes) tienen you have (formal, plural)
 
parecer infinitive to seem
(yo) parezco present tense I seem
(tú) pareces you seem (informal, singular)
(él/ella) parece he/she(/it) seems
(usted) parece you seem (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) parecemos we seem (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) parecéis you seem (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) parecen they seem (m./f.)
(ustedes) parecen you seem (formal, plural)
 
ser infinitive to be
(yo) soy present tense I am
(tú) eres you are (informal, singular)
(él/ella) es he/she(/it) is
(usted) es you are (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) somos we are (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) sois you are (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) son they are (m./f.)
(ustedes) son you are (formal, plural)
 
uno number one
un/una article (m./f.) a
zero 0
uno/un/una 1
dos 2
tres 3
cuatro 4
cinco 5
seis 6
siete 7
ocho 8
nueve 9
diez 10
once 11
doce 12
trece 13
catorce 14
quince 15
dieciséis 16
diecisiete 17
dieciocho 18
diecinueve 19
veinte 20
veintiuno/-ún/-una 21
veintidós 22
veintitrés 23
veinticuatro 24
veinticinco 25
veintiséis 26
veintisiete 27
veintiocho 28
veintinueve 29
treinta 30
treinta y uno/un/una 31
treinta y dos 32
treinta y tres 33
treinta y cuatro 34
treinta y cinco 35
treinta y seis 36
treinta y siete 37
treinta y ocho 38
treinta y nueve 39
cuarenta 40
cuarenta y uno/un/una 41
cuarenta y dos 42
cuarenta y tres 43
... ...
cincuenta 50
sesenta 60
setenta 70
ochenta 80
noventa 90
cien 100
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

¿Cuántos años tienes? How old are you?
Tengo treinta años. I'm thirty years old.
Pareces más joven. You seem younger.
Muchas gracias. Thanks a lot.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

How old are you? ¿Cuántos años tienes?
I'm thirty years old. Tengo treinta años.
You seem younger. Pareces más joven.
Thanks a lot. Muchas gracias.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

How old are you? 25? ¿Cuántos años tienes? ¿Veinticinco?
Many more! ¡Muchos más!
More than (= de) 35 years? ¿Más de treinta y cinco años?
Thanks a lot! ¡Muchas gracias!
How many? ¿Cuántos?
I'm 29 years old. Tengo veintinueve años.
You seem younger. Pareces más joven.
Thanks, youngster. Gracias, joven.

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

How old are you? (formal) ¿Cuántos años tiene (usted)?
I'm fifty years old. Tengo cincuenta años.
You seem younger. (formal) (Usted) parece más joven.
Thanks a lot. Muchas gracias.

Image Credits

  • “Image:NadineVelazquez1.jpg” by copyright holder Nadine Provissiero (GNU Free Documentation License with Disclaimer)
  • “Image:Ingrid.JPG” by Angelo De La Paz (Public Domain)
 




 

A0096: I Am Allergic

Introduction

Not only do we learn how to say that we are allergic, but JP also tells us about all the things that we could be allergic to. Although Liliana finds it hard to believe. The keyword is alérgico – allergic.

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

hombre: Quiero el pastel de chocolate.
mujer: Está bien.
hombre: ¿El pastel tiene nueces?
mujer: No, no tiene.
hombre: ¿Segura? Porque soy alérgico.
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

hombre: Quiero el pastel de chocolate.
(I) want the cake of chocolate
man: I want the chocolate cake.
mujer: Está bien.
(it) is well
woman: That's fine.
hombre: ¿El pastel tiene nueces?
the cake (it) has nuts
man: Does the cake have nuts?
mujer: No, no tiene.
no not (it) has
woman: No, it doesn't have any.
hombre: ¿Segura? Porque soy alérgico.
sure because (I) am allergic
man: Are you sure? Because I am allergic.
las nueces – the nuts
las zanahorias – the carrots
las manzanas – the apples

Vocabulary for Dialogue

el hombre noun (masculine) the man
la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
querer verb (infinitive) to want, to love
(yo) quiero verb (present tense) I want
el pastel noun (masculine) the cake
los pasteles noun (plural, masculine) the cakes
de preposition of
el chocolate noun (masculine) the chocolate
estar verb (infinitive) to be
(él/ella) está verb (present tense) he/she(/it) is
bien adverb well, good
tener verb (infinitive) to have
(él/ella) tiene verb (present tense) he/she(/it) has
la nuez noun (feminine) the nut
las nueces noun (plural, feminine) the nuts
no adverb no, not
seguro/segura adjective (m./f.) sure
porque conjunction because
ser verb (infinitive) to be
(yo) soy verb (present tense) I am
alérgico/alérgica adjective (m./f.) allergic
el pastel de tres leches – the three cream cake

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

la zanahoria noun (feminine) the carrot
las zanahorias noun (plural, feminine) the carrots
la manzana noun (feminine) the apple
las manzanas noun (plural, feminine) the apples
tres number three
la leche noun (feminine) the milk
las leches noun (plural, feminine) the milks
el pastel de tres leches phrase the three cream cake
suave adjective (m./f.) smooth, soft
el perdón noun (masculine) the pardon
hasta luego phrase see you later
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

querer infinitive to want
(yo) quiero present tense I want
(tú) quieres you want (informal, singular)
(él/ella) quiere he/she(/it) wants
(usted) quiere you want (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) queremos we want (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) queréis you want (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) quieren they want (m./f.)
(ustedes) quieren you want (formal, plural)
 
estar infinitive to be
(yo) estoy present tense I am
(tú) estás you are (informal, singular)
(él/ella) está he/she(/it) is
(usted) está you are (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) estamos we are (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) estáis you are (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) están they are (m./f.)
(ustedes) están you are (formal, plural)
 
tener infinitive to have
(yo) tengo present tense I have
(tú) tienes you have (informal, singular)
(él/ella) tiene he/she(/it) has
(usted) tiene you have (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) tenemos we have (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) tenéis you have (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) tienen they have (m./f.)
(ustedes) tienen you have (formal, plural)
 
ser infinitive to be
(yo) soy present tense I am
(tú) eres you are (informal, singular)
(él/ella) es he/she(/it) is
(usted) es you are (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) somos we are (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) sois you are (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) son they are (m./f.)
(ustedes) son you are (formal, plural)
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

Quiero el pastel de chocolate. I want the chocolate cake.
Está bien. That's fine.
¿El pastel tiene nueces? Does the cake have nuts?
No, no tiene. No, it doesn't have any.
¿Segura? Porque soy alérgico. Are you sure? Because I am allergic.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

I want the chocolate cake. Quiero el pastel de chocolate.
That's fine. Está bien.
Does the cake have nuts? ¿El pastel tiene nueces?
No, it doesn't have any. No, no tiene.
Are you sure? Because I am allergic. ¿Segura? Porque soy alérgico.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

I want the three cream cake. Quiero el pastel de tres leches.
That's fine. Está bien.
Does the cake have carrot? ¿El pastel tiene zanahoria?
No, it doesn't have any. It has apple. No, no tiene. Tiene manzana.
No! I'm allergic to (= a) the apples. ¡No! Soy alérgico a las manzanas.
The apple cake has no apple. El pastel de manzana no tiene manzana.
Are you sure? The apple cake has no apple? ¿Segura? ¿El pastel de manzana no tiene manzana?
It has no apple. The three cream cake has apple. No tiene manzana. El pastel de tres leches tiene manzana.
Fine. Bien.

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

We want the chocolate cake. Queremos el pastel de chocolate.
That's fine. Está bien.
Does the cake have nuts? ¿El pastel tiene nueces?
No, it doesn't have any. No, no tiene.
Are you sure? (masculine) Because I am allergic. (feminine) ¿Seguro? Porque soy alérgica.

Image Credits

  • “File:Walnut02.jpg” by Fir0002 (GNU Free Documentation License)
  • “Image:Carrots.JPG” by Kander (Public Domain)
  • “Image:Froita mazás 005.jpg” by Luis Miguel Bugallo Sánchez (Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.5 Spain Licence)
  • “IImage:Tres Leches.jpg” by User:AndonicO (GNU Free Documentation License)
 




 

A0102: Where Is the Restroom?

Introduction

One of the most important survival techniques: asking for the bathroom. Everyone who has been in the situation knows what I'm talking about. The keyword of the lesson is baño – bathroom.

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

mujer: ¡Disculpe! ¿Dónde está el baño?
hombre: La segunda puerta a la derecha.
mujer: Gracias.
hombre: De nada.
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

mujer: ¡Disculpe! ¿Dónde está el baño?
(you) excuse where (it) is the bathroom
woman: Excuse me! Where is the bathroom?
hombre: La segunda puerta a la derecha.
the second door to the right
man: The second door on the right.
mujer: Gracias.
Thanks.
woman: Thank you.
hombre: De nada.
of nothing
man: You're welcome.
la puerta – the door
a la derecha – to the right

Vocabulary for Dialogue

la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
el hombre noun (masculine) the man
disculpar verb (infinitive) to excuse, to pardon
¡(usted) disculpe! verb (imperative) (you) excuse! (formal, singular)
¿dónde? interrogative pronoun where?
estar verb (infinitive) to be
(él/ella) está verb (present tense) he/she(/it) is
el baño noun (masculine) the bathroom
segundo/segunda number (m./f.) second
la puerta noun (feminine) the door
a preposition to
la derecha noun (feminine) the direction right
a la derecha phrase on/to the right
gracias phrase thanks
de preposition of
nada pronoun nothing
de nada phrase it's nothing, your're welcome
la eñe – the ñ

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

la eñe noun (feminine) the letter ñ (n with tilde)
los servicios noun (plural, masculine) the bathroom
hasta luego phrase see you later
hasta mañana phrase until tomorrow
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

disculpar infinitive to excuse
¡(tú) disculpa! imperative (you) excuse! (informal, singular)
¡(usted) disculpe! (you) excuse! (formal, singular)
¡(nosotros/-as) disculpemos! (let's) excuse! (m./f.)
¡(vosotros/-as) disculpad! (you) excuse! (informal, plural, m./f.)
¡(ustedes) disculpen! (you) excuse! (formal, plural)
 
estar infinitive to be
(yo) estoy present tense I am
(tú) estás you are (informal, singular)
(él/ella) está he/she(/it) is
(usted) está you are (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) estamos we are (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) estáis you are (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) están they are (m./f.)
(ustedes) están you are (formal, plural)
 
primero/primera number (m./f.) first
primer before masculine nouns first
segundo/segunda number (m./f.) second
tercero/tercera number (m./f.) third
tercer before masculine nouns third
cuarto/cuarta number (m./f.) fourth
quinto/quinta number (m./f.) fifth
sexto/sexta number (m./f.) sixth
séptimo/séptima number (m./f.) seventh
octavo/octava number (m./f.) eighth
noveno/novena number (m./f.) ninth
décimo/décima number (m./f.) tenth
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

¡Disculpe! ¿Dónde está el baño? Excuse me! Where is the bathroom?
La segunda puerta a la derecha. The second door on the right.
Gracias. Thank you.
De nada. You're welcome.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

Excuse me! Where is the bathroom? ¡Disculpe! ¿Dónde está el baño?
The second door on the right. La segunda puerta a la derecha.
Thank you. Gracias.
You're welcome. De nada.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

Excuse me! The bathroom? Where is it? ¡Disculpe! ¿El baño? ¿Dónde está?
The bathroom is on the right. El baño está a la derecha.
Where? ¿Dónde?
The second door. La segunda puerta.
Thank you. Gracias.
You're welcome. De nada.

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

Excuse me! Where is the bathroom? (informal) ¡Disculpa! ¿Dónde está el baño?
The second door on the right. La segunda puerta a la derecha.
Thank you. Gracias.
You're welcome. De nada.

Image Credits

  • “Image:Znak C-2.svg” by Paweł Grzywocz (Public Domain)
  • “Image:Eñe on keyboard - blue.jpg” by Chamaeleon (Public Domain)
  • “Image:Signo Itzcuintli.png” from the Codex Laud (Public Domain)
 




 

A0106: Room Service

Introduction

This is the lesson for all the fans of room service! And the room service might be even better when you order in Spanish! The rest of us will learn how to order a hamburger, which can be pretty useful, too. The keyword is: servicio a la habitación – room service.

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

mujer: ¿Tiene servicio a la habitación?
hombre: Sí tenemos.
mujer: Quiero una hamburguesa.
hombre: Se la llevo en diez minutos.
mujer: Gracias.
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

mujer: ¿Tiene servicio a la habitación?
(you) have service to the habitation
woman: Do you have room service?
hombre: tenemos.
yes (we) have
man: We do have it.
mujer: Quiero una hamburguesa.
(I) want a hamburger
woman: I want a hamburger.
hombre: Se la llevo en diez minutos.
(to) you her (= it) (I) bring in ten minutes
man: I bring it to you in 10 minutes.
mujer: Gracias.
Thanks.
woman: Thank you.
la habitación – the room
la hamburguesa – the hamburger
diez minutos – ten minues

Vocabulary for Dialogue

la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
el hombre noun (masculine) the man
tener verb (infinitive) to have
(usted) tiene verb (present tense) you have (formal, singular)
el servicio noun (masculine) the service
de preposition of
la habitación noun (feminine) the room
adverb yes, indeed
(nosotros/-as) tenemos verb (present tense) we have
querer verb (infinitive) to want
(yo) quiero verb (present tense) I want
un/una article (m./f.) a
la hamburguesa noun (feminine) the hamburger
le indirect object pronoun (to) you (formal, singular)
lo/la direct object pronoun him/her(/it)
se la phrase her(/it) to you (formal, singular)
se lo phrase him(/it) to you (formal, singular)
llevar verb (infinitive) to bring
(yo) llevo verb (present tense) I bring
en preposition in
diez number ten
el minuto noun (masculine) the minute
los minutos noun (plural, masculine) the minutes
gracias phrase thanks

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

el cuarto noun (masculine) the room
el servicio al cuarto phrase the room service
no adverb no, not
la hache noun (feminine) the letter h
mudo/muda adjective (m./f.) silent
el taco noun (masculine) the taco
los tacos noun (plural, masculine) the tacos
el tamal noun (masculine) the tamale
los tamales noun (plural, masculine) the tamales
el jalapeño noun (masculine) the jalapeño
los jalapeños noun (plural, masculine) the jalapeños
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

tener infinitive to have
(yo) tengo present tense I have
(tú) tienes you have (informal, singular)
(él/ella) tiene he/she(/it) has
(usted) tiene you have (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) tenemos we have (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) tenéis you have (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) tienen they have (m./f.)
(ustedes) tienen you have (formal, plural)
 
querer infinitive to want
(yo) quiero present tense I want
(tú) quieres you want (informal, singular)
(él/ella) quiere he/she(/it) wants
(usted) quiere you want (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) queremos we want (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) queréis you want (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) quieren they want (m./f.)
(ustedes) quieren you want (formal, plural)
 
llevar infinitive to bring
(yo) llevo present tense I bring
(tú) llevas you bring (informal, singular)
(él/ella) lleva he/she(/it) brings
(usted) lleva you bring (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) llevamos we bring (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) lleváis you bring (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) llevan they bring (m./f.)
(ustedes) llevan you bring (formal, plural)
 
me indirect object pronoun (to) me
te (to) you (informal, singular)
le (to) him/her(/it)
le (to) you (formal, singular)
nos (to) us
os (to) you (informal, plural)
les (to) them
les (to) you (formal, plural)
 
me direct object pronoun me
te you (informal, singular)
lo/la him/her(/it)
lo/la you (formal, singular, m./f.)
nos us
os you (informal, plural)
los/las them (m./f.)
los/las you (formal, plural, m./f.)
 
me lo/la phrase him/her(/it) to me
te lo/la phrase him/her(/it) to you (informal, singular)
se lo/la phrase him/her(/it) to him/her(/it)
se lo/la phrase him/her(/it) to you (formal, singular)
nos lo/la phrase him/her(/it) to us
os lo/la phrase him/her(/it) to you (informal, plural)
se lo/la phrase him/her(/it) to them
se lo/la phrase him/her(/it) to you (formal, plural)


    
uno 1
dos 2
tres 3
cuatro 4
cinco 5
seis 6
siete 7
ocho 8
nueve 9
diez 10
once 11
doce 12
trece 13
catorce 14
quince 15
dieciséis 16
diecisiete 17
dieciocho 18
diecinueve 19
veinte 20
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

¿Tiene servicio a la habitación? Do you have room service?
Sí tenemos. We do have it.
Quiero una hamburguesa. I want a hamburger.
Se la llevo en diez minutos. I bring it to you in 10 minutes.
Gracias. Thank you.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

Do you have room service? ¿Tiene servicio a la habitación?
We do have it. Sí tenemos.
I want a hamburger. Quiero una hamburguesa.
I bring it to you in 10 minutes. Se la llevo en diez minutos.
Thank you. Gracias.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

Do you have room service? ¿Tiene servicio a la habitación?
We do have it. Sí tenemos.
I want a hamburger. Quiero una hamburguesa.
We don't have hamburgers. No tenemos hamburguesas.
Do you have jalapeños? ¿Tiene jalapeños?
No, we don't have jalapeños. No, no tenemos jalapeños.
Tacos? ¿Tacos?
No, we don't have tacos. No, no tenemos tacos.
I want room service! ¡Quiero servicio a la habitación!
I bring it to you in 10 minutes. Thank you. Se lo llevo en diez minutos. Gracias.

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

Do you have room service? (formal, plural) ¿Tienen servicio a la habitación?
We do have it. Sí tenemos.
We want a hamburger. Queremos una hamburguesa.
I bring it to you in 10 minutes. (formal, plural) Se la llevo en diez minutos.
Thank you. Gracias.

Image Credits

  • “Image:Hotel-suite-living-room.jpg” by Derek Jensen (Public Domain)
  • “Image:NCI Visuals Food Hamburger.jpg” by Len Rizzi (Public Domain)
  • “Image:Gnome-appointment-soon.svg” by GNOME icon artists (GNU General Public License)
 




 

A0112: What Is Your Telephone Number?

Introduction

This lesson is full of useful phrases: how to ask for a phone number, how to give one's phone number, how to say that you are going to call, etc. Moreover, Liliana and JP discuss differences between continents and generations with respect to phoning. And all that in just 13 minutes! The keyword had to be a bit shorter than usual: móvil – mobile.

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

mujer: ¿Cuál es tu número de teléfono?
hombre: Mi número de móvil es el seis, cinco, dos, doce, cincuenta y seis, cincuenta y seis.
mujer: OK, te llamo en la noche.
hombre: Vale.
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

mujer: ¿Cuál es tu número de teléfono?
what (it) is your number of telephone
woman: What's your phone number?
hombre: Mi número de móvil es el seis, cinco, dos, doce, cincuenta y seis, cincuenta y seis.
my number of cell phone (it) is the six five two twelve fifty-six fifty-six
man: My cell phone number is 6-5-2-12-56-56.
mujer: OK, te llamo en la noche.
OK you (I) call in the night
woman: OK, I call you at night.
hombre: Vale.
worthy
man: Great.
el móvil – the mobile phone
el número cincuenta y seis – the number 56

Vocabulary for Dialogue

la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
el hombre noun (masculine) the man
¿cuál? interrogative pronoun what?, which?
ser verb (infinitive) to be
(él/ella) es verb (present tense) he/she(/it) is
tu possessive adjective your (informal, singular)
el número noun (masculine) the number
de preposition of
el teléfono noun (masculine) the telephone
mi possessive adjective my
el móvil noun (masculine) the mobile phone
el/la article (m./f.) the
seis number 6
cinco number 5
doce number 12
cincuenta y seis number 56
OK phrase OK
te direct object pronoun you (informal, singular)
llamar verb (infinitive) too call
(yo) llamo verb (present tense) I call
en preposition in
la noche noun (feminine) the night
valer verb (infinitive) to be worth
vale phrase great, OK

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

igual adjective (m./f.) equal
el cellular noun (masculine) the cell phone
el cell noun (masculine) the cell phone
el número de cellular phrase the cell phone number
hasta luego phrase see you later
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

ser infinitive to be
(yo) soy present tense I am
(tú) eres you are (informal, singular)
(él/ella) es he/she(/it) is
(usted) es you are (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) somos we are (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) sois you are (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) son they are (m./f.)
(ustedes) son you are (formal, plural)
 
mi possessive adjective my
mis poss. adjective (plural) my
tu possessive adjective your (informal, singular)
tus poss. adjective (plural) your (informal, singular)
su possessive adjective his/her(/its)/their
sus poss. adjective (plural) his/her(/its)/their
su possessive adjective your (formal)
sus poss. adjective (plural) your (formal)
nuestro/nuestra poss. adjective (m./f.) our
nuestros/nuestras poss. adj. (plural, m./f.) our
vuestro/vuestra poss. adjective (m./f.) your (informal, plural)
vuestros/vuestras poss. adj. (plural, m./f.) your (informal, plural)
 
me direct object pronoun me
te you (informal, singular)
lo/la him/her(/it)
lo/la you (formal, singular, m./f.)
nos us
os you (informal, plural)
los/las them (m./f.)
los/las you (formal, plural, m./f.)
 
llamar infinitive to call
(yo) llamo present tense I call
(tú) llamas you call (informal, singular)
(él/ella) llama he/she(/it) calls
(usted) llama you call (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) llamamos we call (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) llamáis you call (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) llaman they call (m./f.)
(ustedes) llaman you call (formal, plural)
 
uno number one
un/una article (m./f.) a
zero 0
uno/un/una 1
dos 2
tres 3
cuatro 4
cinco 5
seis 6
siete 7
ocho 8
nueve 9
diez 10
once 11
doce 12
trece 13
catorce 14
quince 15
dieciséis 16
diecisiete 17
dieciocho 18
diecinueve 19
veinte 20
veintiuno/-ún/-una 21
veintidós 22
veintitrés 23
veinticuatro 24
veinticinco 25
veintiséis 26
veintisiete 27
veintiocho 28
veintinueve 29
treinta 30
treinta y uno/un/una 31
treinta y dos 32
treinta y tres 33
treinta y cuatro 34
treinta y cinco 35
treinta y seis 36
treinta y siete 37
treinta y ocho 38
treinta y nueve 39
cuarenta 40
cuarenta y uno/un/una 41
cuarenta y dos 42
cuarenta y tres 43
... ...
cincuenta 50
sesenta 60
setenta 70
ochenta 80
noventa 90
cien 100
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

¿Cuál es tu número de teléfono? What's your phone number?
Mi número de móvil es el seis, cinco, dos, doce, cincuenta y seis, cincuenta y seis. My cell phone number is 6-5-2-12-56-56.
OK, te llamo en la noche. OK, I call you at night.
Vale. Great.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

What's your phone number? ¿Cuál es tu número de teléfono?
My cell phone number is 6-5-2-12-56-56. Mi número de móvil es el seis, cinco, dos, doce, cincuenta y seis, cincuenta y seis.
OK, I call you at night. OK, te llamo en la noche.
Great. Vale.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

What's your phone number? ¿Cuál es tu número de teléfono?
My cell phone number is 6-5-2-12-56-56. Mi número de móvil es el seis, cinco, dos, doce, cincuenta y seis, cincuenta y seis.
OK, OK! 6, ...? ¡Vale, vale! Seis, ...?
It's the 6-52-... Es el seis, cincuenta y dos, ...
6-52 or (= o) 6-5-2? ¿Seis, cincuenta y dos o seis, cinco, dos?
It's the same. Es igual.
OK. Vale.
The number is 6-5-2-1-2-5-6-5-6. OK? El número es el seis, cinco, dos, uno, dos, cinco, seis, cinco, seis. ¿Vale?
OK. I call you tonight. Vale, te llamo en la noche.
Great. Vale.

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

What's your phone number? (formal) ¿Cuál es su número de teléfono?
My cell phone number is 6-5-2-12-56-56. Mi número de móvil es el seis, cinco, dos, doce, cincuenta y seis, cincuenta y seis.
OK, I call you at night. (formal) OK, lo/la llamo en la noche.
Great. Vale.

Image Credits

  • “Image:CellPhone.png” by Mnoon (CC-BY-SA 3.0)
  • “Image:I-56.svg” by Ltljltlj (Public Domain)
  • “Image:El Pilar de Zaragoza Noche 2005-03-25.jpg” by Juan García (GNU Free Documentation License)
 




 

A0116: Do You Want a Mint?

Introduction

The topic of this lesson is irregular breath and how to deal with it. Our keyword is also irregular: huele – it smells from the irregular verb oler – to smell.

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

hombre: ¿Quieres una menta?
mujer: ¿Por qué? ¿Me huele la boca?
hombre: Sí, ¡toma!
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

mujer: ¿Quieres una menta?
(you) want a mint
woman: Do you want a mint?
hombre: ¿Por qué? ¿Me huele la boca?
why (to) me smells the mouth
man: Why? Does my mouth stink?
mujer: Sí, ¡toma!
yes (you) take
woman: Yes, take this!
la menta – the mint
la boca – the mouth

Vocabulary for Dialogue

la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
el hombre noun (masculine) the man
querer verb (infinitive) to want
(tú) quieres verb (present tense) you want (informal, singular)
un/una article (m./f.) a
la menta noun (feminine) the mint
¿por qué? adverb why?
me indirect object pronoun (to) me
oler verb (infinitive) to smell
(él/ella) huele verb (present tense) he/she(/it) smells
la boca noun (feminine) the mouth
adverb yes
tomar verb (infinitive) to take
¡(tú) toma! verb (imperative) you take! (informal, singular)

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

hasta luego phrase see you later
hasta mañana phrase until tomorrow
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

querer infinitive to want
(yo) quiero present tense I want
(tú) quieres you want (informal, singular)
(él/ella) quiere he/she(/it) wants
(usted) quiere you want (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) queremos we want (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) queréis you want (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) quieren they want (m./f.)
(ustedes) quieren you want (formal, plural)
 
me indirect object pronoun (to) me
te (to) you (informal, singular)
le (to) him/her(/it)
le (to) you (formal, singular)
nos (to) us
os (to) you (informal, plural)
les (to) them
les (to) you (formal, plural)
 
oler infinitive to smell
(yo) huelo present tense I smell
(tú) hueles you smell (informal, singular)
(él/ella) huele he/she(/it) smells
(usted) huele you smell (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) olemos we smell (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) oléis you smell (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) huelen they smell (m./f.)
(ustedes) huelen you smell (formal, plural)
 
tomar infinitive to take
¡(tú) toma! imperative (you) take! (informal, singular)
¡(usted) tome! (you) take! (formal, singular)
¡(nosotros/-as) tomemos! (let's) take! (m./f.)
¡(vosotros/-as) tomad! (you) take! (informal, plural, m./f.)
¡(ustedes) tomen! (you) take! (formal, plural)
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

¿Quieres una menta? Do you want a mint?
¿Por qué? ¿Me huele la boca? Why? Does my mouth stink?
Sí, ¡toma! Yes, take this!

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

Do you want a mint? ¿Quieres una menta?
Why? Does my mouth stink? ¿Por qué? ¿Me huele la boca?
Yes, take this! Sí, ¡toma!

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

Take a mint! Do you want to? ¡Toma una menta! ¿Quieres?
Why? ¿Por qué?
For (= por) the mouth. Por la boca.
Does my breath smell? ¿Me huele la boca?
Yes, take it! Sí, ¡toma!

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

Do you want a mint? (formal) ¿Quiere una menta?
Why? Does my mouth stink? ¿Por qué? ¿Me huele la boca?
Yes, take this! (formal) Sí, ¡tome!

Image Credits

  • “Image:Cinnamon Tic Tac.jpg” by Bilious (GNU Free Documentation License)
  • “Image:Mona Lisa detail mouth.jpg” by Leonardo da Vinci (Public Domain)
 




 

A0122: Telephone Card

Introduction

In this lesson Liliana and JP tell us all about phone cards, in particular how to buy one in Spanish—and why you should. The keyword is: tarjeta de teléfono – phone card.

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

mujer: ¿Me da una tarjeta de teléfono?
hombre: ¿Para llamadas nacionales o internacionales?
mujer: Internacionales.
hombre: Diez euros.
mujer: Gracias.
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

mujer: ¿Me da una tarjeta de teléfono?
(to) me (you) give a card of telephone
woman: Will you give me a phone card?
hombre: ¿Para llamadas nacionales o internacionales?
for calls domestic or international
man: For domestic or international calls?
mujer: Internacionales.
international
woman: International calls.
hombre: Diez euros.
ten euros
man: Ten euros.
mujer: Gracias.
thanks
woman: Thank you.


diez euros – ten euros

Vocabulary for Dialogue

la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
el hombre noun (masculine) the man
me indirect object pronoun (to) me
dar verb (infinitive) to give
(usted) da verb (present tense) you give (formal, singular)
un/una article (m./f.) a
la tarjeta noun (feminine) the card
de preposition of
el teléfono noun (masculine) the telephone
para preposition for
la llamada noun (feminine) the call
la llamadas noun (plural, feminine) the calls
nacional adjective (m./f.) domestic
nacionales adjective (plural, m./f.) domestic
internacional adjective (m./f.) international
internacionales adjective (plural, m./f.) international
diez number ten
el euro noun (masculine) the euro
los euros noun (plural, masculine) the euros
gracias phrase thanks

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

el taco noun (masculine) the taco
la cerveza noun (feminine) the beer
la pluma noun (feminine) the pen
eu interjection yes
hasta luego phrase see you later
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

me indirect object pronoun (to) me
te (to) you (informal, singular)
le (to) him/her(/it)
le (to) you (formal, singular)
nos (to) us
os (to) you (informal, plural)
les (to) them
les (to) you (formal, plural)
 
dar infinitive to give
(yo) doy present tense I give
(tú) das you give (informal, singular)
(él/ella) da he/she(/it) gives
(usted) da you give (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) damos we give (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) dais you give (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) dan they give (m./f.)
(ustedes) dan you give (formal, plural)


    
uno 1
dos 2
tres 3
cuatro 4
cinco 5
seis 6
siete 7
ocho 8
nueve 9
diez 10
once 11
doce 12
trece 13
catorce 14
quince 15
dieciséis 16
diecisiete 17
dieciocho 18
diecinueve 19
veinte 20
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

¿Me da una tarjeta de teléfono? Will you give me a phone card?
¿Para llamadas nacionales o internacionales? For domestic or international calls?
Internacionales. International calls.
Diez euros. Ten euros.
Gracias. Thank you.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

Will you give me a phone card? ¿Me da una tarjeta de teléfono?
For domestic or international calls? ¿Para llamadas nacionales o internacionales?
International calls. Internacionales.
Ten euros. Diez euros.
Thank you. Gracias.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

Will you give me a card? ¿Me da una tarjeta?
A card? ¿Una tarjeta?
For international calls. Para llamadas internacionales.
A telephone card? ¿Una tarjeta de teléfono?
Yes (= )! Will you give me a telephone card? ¡Sí! ¿Me da una tarjeta de teléfono?
For international calls? ¿Para llamadas internacionales?
Yes, for international calls. Sí, para llamadas internacionales.
Ten euros. Diez euros.
Thank you. Gracias.

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

Will you give us a phone card? ¿Nos da una tarjeta de teléfono?
For domestic or international calls? ¿Para llamadas nacionales o internacionales?
International calls. Internacionales.
Ten euros. Diez euros.
Thank you. Gracias.

Image Credits

 




 

A0127: Flirting

Introduction

Liliana and JP talk about flirting in Latin America and Liliana demonstrates her most powerful weapons. As flirting requires continuous action, this is also the perfect opportunity to introduce the gerund, also known as the ing-form. The keyword is: coquetear – to flirt.

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

mujer: ¡Mírala! Está coqueteando.
hombre: ¿Por qué?
mujer: Te ve y te sonríe.
hombre: ¡Perfecto! Voy a hablar con ella.
Crystal Clear app kdict.png

Dialogue with Translation

mujer: ¡Mírala! Está coqueteando.
look at her (she) is flirting
woman: Look at her! She is flirting.
hombre: ¿Por qué?
why
man: Why?
mujer: Te ve y te sonríe.
you (she) sees and (to) you (she) smiles
woman: She looks at you and she smiles.
hombre: ¡Perfecto! Voy a hablar con ella.
perfect (I) go to talk with her
man: Perfect! I'm going to talk with her.
está coqueteando – she is flirting
te ve y te sonríe – she looks at you and she smiles at you
hablar – to talk

Vocabulary for Dialogue

la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
el hombre noun (masculine) the man
mirar verb (infinitive) to look
¡(tú) mira! verb (imperative) (you) look! (informal, singular)
la direct object pronoun her
¡(tú) mírala! phrase (you) look at her! (informal, singular)
estar verb (infinitive) to be
(él/ella) está verb (present tense) he/she(/it) is
coquetear verb (infinitive) to flirt
coqueteando verb (gerund) flirting
está coqueteando phrase he/she(/it) is flirting
¿por qué? adverb why?
te direct object pronoun you
ver verb (infinitive) to see
(él/ella) ve verb (present tense) he/she(/it) sees
y conjunction and
te indirect object pronoun (to) you
sonreír verb (infinitive) to smile
(él/ella) sonríe verb (present tense) he/she(/it) smiles
perfecto/perfecta adjective (m./f.) perfect
ir verb (infinitive) to go
(yo) voy verb (present tense) I go
a preposition to
hablar verb (infinitive) to talk
voy a hablar phrase I'm going to talk
con preposition with
él/ella pronoun him/her(/it) (after preposition)

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

hablando verb (gerund) talking
caminar verb (infinitive) to walk
caminando verb (gerund) walking
hasta luego phrase see you later
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

mirar infinitive to look
¡(tú) mira! imperative (you) look! (informal, singular)
¡(usted) mire! (you) look! (formal, singular)
¡(nosotros/-as) miremos! (let's) look! (m./f.)
¡(vosotros/-as) mirad! (you) look! (informal, plural, m./f.)
¡(ustedes) miren! (you) look! (formal, plural)
 
me direct object pronoun me
te you (informal, singular)
lo/la him/her(/it)
lo/la you (formal, singular, m./f.)
nos us
os you (informal, plural)
los/las them (m./f.)
los/las you (formal, plural, m./f.)
 
estar infinitive to be
(yo) estoy present tense I am
(tú) estás you are (informal, singular)
(él/ella) está he/she(/it) is
(usted) está you are (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) estamos we are (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) estáis you are (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) están they are (m./f.)
(ustedes) están you are (formal, plural)
 
ver infinitive to see
(yo) veo present tense I see
(tú) ves you see (informal, singular)
(él/ella) ve he/she(/it) sees
(usted) ve you see (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) vemos we see (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) veis you see (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) ven they see (m./f.)
(ustedes) ven you see (formal, plural)
 
me indirect object pronoun (to) me
te (to) you (informal, singular)
le (to) him/her(/it)
le (to) you (formal, singular)
nos (to) us
os (to) you (informal, plural)
les (to) them
les (to) you (formal, plural)
 
sonreír infinitive to smile
(yo) sonrío present tense I smile
(tú) sonríes you smile (informal, singular)
(él/ella) sonríe he/she(/it) smiles
(usted) sonríe you smile (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) sonreímos we smile (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) sonreís you smile (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) sonríen they smile (m./f.)
(ustedes) sonríen you smile (formal, plural)
 
ir infinitive to go
(yo) voy present tense I go
(tú) vas you go (informal, singular)
(él/ella) va he/she(/it) goes
(usted) va you go (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) vamos we go (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) vais you go (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) van they go (m./f.)
(ustedes) van you go (formal, plural)
 
conmigo phrase with me
contigo phrase with you (singular, informal)
con él/ella phrase with him/her(/it)
con usted phrase with you (singular, formal)
con nosotros/-as phrase with us (m./f.)
con vosotros/-as phrase with you (plural, informal, m./f.)
con ellos/ellas phrase with them (m./f.)
con ustedes phrase with you (plural, formal)
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

¡Mírala! Está coqueteando. Look at her! She is flirting.
¿Por qué? Why?
Te ve y te sonríe. She looks at you and she smiles.
¡Perfecto! Voy a hablar con ella. Perfect! I'm going to talk with her.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

Look at her! She is flirting. ¡Mírala! Está coqueteando.
Why? ¿Por qué?
She looks at you and she smiles. Te ve y te sonríe.
Perfect! I'm going to talk with her. ¡Perfecto! Voy a hablar con ella.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

Look at her! She smiles at you. ¡Mírala! Te sonríe.
Why? ¿Por qué?
She looks at you and she smiles at you. Te ve y te sonríe.
So what? (= and what?) ¿Y qué?
¡She is flirting! ¡Está coqueteando!
Perfect! I'm going to talk with her. ¡Perfecto! Voy a hablar con ella.

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

Look at him! He is flirting. ¡Miralo! Está coqueteando.
Why? ¿Por qué?
He looks at you and he smiles. Te ve y te sonríe.
Perfect! I'm going to talk with him. ¡Perfecto! Voy a hablar con él.

Image Credits

  • “Image:Raquel Nunes-3.jpg” by Sergio *Savaman* Savarese (Creative Commons Attribution 2.0)
  • “Image:Goya Maja ubrana2.jpg” by Francisco de Goya (Public Domain)
  • “Image:Talk face.svg” by Linuxerist and Wiggy! (GNU Free Documentation License)
  • “Image:Learning to walk by pushing wheeled toy.jpg” Shaun MItchem (Creative Commons Attribution 2.0)
 




 

A0131: I Miss Them

Introduction

In this lesson, JP and Liliana teach us how to ask what's wrong, how to express homesickness, how to give an advice, and how to approve of an idea. Well, not all possibilities but enough to get us started. The keyword is extraño – I miss.

Crystal Clear app Login Manager.png

Dialogue

hombre: ¿Qué te pasa?
mujer: Extraño a mi familia.
hombre: ¡Llámalos!
mujer: Buena idea.
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Dialogue with Translation

hombre: ¿Qué te pasa?
what (to) you (it) happens
man: What's happening to you?
mujer: Extraño a mi familia.
(I) miss to my family
woman: I miss my family.
hombre: ¡Llámalos!
call them
man: Call them!
mujer: Buena idea.
good idea
woman: Good idea.
la familia – the family
llamar – to call

Vocabulary for Dialogue

el hombre noun (masculine) the man
la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
¿qué? interrogative pronoun what?, how?
te indirect object pronoun (to) you (informal, singular)
pasar verb (infinitive) to happen
(él/ella) pasa verb (present tense) he/she(/it) happens
extrañar verb (infinitive) to miss
(yo) extraño verb (present tense) I miss
a preposition to
mi possessive adjective my
la familia noun (feminine) the family
llamar verb (infinitive) to call
¡(tú) llama! verb (imperative) (you) call! (informal, singular)
los direct object pronoun them
¡(tú) llámalos! phrase (you) call them! (informal, singular)
bueno/buena adjective (m./f.) good
la idea noun (feminine) the idea
la comida – the food

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

la comida noun (feminine) the food
(yo) extraño la comida phrase I miss the food
el país noun (masculine) the country
(yo) extraño mi país phrase I'm homesick
(yo) extraño Méjico/México phrase I miss Mexico
enfermo/enferma adjective (m./f.) sick
de preposition of
la casa noun (feminine) the house
estar verb (infinitive) to be
(yo) estoy homesick phrase I'm homesick
Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.png

 

More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

me indirect object pronoun (to) me
te (to) you (informal, singular)
le (to) him/her(/it)
le (to) you (formal, singular)
nos (to) us
os (to) you (informal, plural)
les (to) them
les (to) you (formal, plural)
 
pasar infinitive to happen
(yo) paso present tense I happen
(tú) pasas you happen (informal, singular)
(él/ella) pasa he/she(/it) happens
(usted) pasa you happen (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) pasamos we happen (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) pasáis you happen (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) pasan they happen (m./f.)
(ustedes) pasan you happen (formal, plural)
 
extrañar infinitive to miss
(yo) extraño present tense I miss
(tú) extrañas you miss (informal, singular)
(él/ella) extraña he/she(/it) misses
(usted) extraña you miss (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) extrañamos we miss (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) extrañáis you miss (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) extrañan they miss (m./f.)
(ustedes) extrañan you miss (formal, plural)
 
mi possessive adjective my
mis poss. adjective (plural) my
tu possessive adjective your (informal, singular)
tus poss. adjective (plural) your (informal, singular)
su possessive adjective his/her(/its)/their
sus poss. adjective (plural) his/her(/its)/their
su possessive adjective your (formal)
sus poss. adjective (plural) your (formal)
nuestro/nuestra poss. adjective (m./f.) our
nuestros/nuestras poss. adj. (plural, m./f.) our
vuestro/vuestra poss. adjective (m./f.) your (informal, plural)
vuestros/vuestras poss. adj. (plural, m./f.) your (informal, plural)
 
llamar infinitive to call
¡(tú) llama! imperative (you) call! (informal, singular)
¡(usted) llame! (you) call! (formal, singular)
¡(nosotros/-as) llamemos! (let's) call! (m./f.)
¡(vosotros/-as) llamad! (you) call! (informal, plural, m./f.)
¡(ustedes) llamen! (you) call! (formal, plural)
 
me direct object pronoun me
te you (informal, singular)
lo/la him/her(/it)
lo/la you (formal, singular, m./f.)
nos us
os you (informal, plural)
los/las them (m./f.)
los/las you (formal, plural, m./f.)
Nuvola apps filetypes.svg

Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

¿Qué te pasa? What's happening to you?
Extraño a mi familia. I miss my family.
¡Llámalos! Call them!
Buena idea. Good idea.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

What's happening to you? ¿Qué te pasa?
I miss my family. Extraño a mi familia.
Call them! ¡Llámalos!
Good idea. Buena idea.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

What's happening to you? ¿Qué te pasa?
Well (= good) ... Bueno ...
What? ¿Qué?
I miss my country and (= y) the food. Extraño mi país y la comida.
Well ... Bueno ...
¡And I miss my family! ¡Y extraño a mi familia!
Call them! ¡Llámalos!
Good idea. Buena idea.

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

What's happening to you? (formal) ¿Qué le pasa?
I miss my family. Extraño a mi familia.
Call them! (formal) ¡Llámelos!
Good idea. Buena idea.

Image Credits

  • “La familia del infante don Luis.jpg” by Francisco de Goya (Public Domain)
  • “Image:1876 Bell Speaking into Telephone.jpg” by Early Office Museum (Public Domain)
  • “Image:CornmealProducts.jpg” by Scott Bauer (Public Domain)
 




 

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