Spanish by Choice/SpanishPod newbie lesson A0076

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Jet-Lag


Introduction

The most important thing about jet-lag: there is good jet-lag (when the local time is behind your time because you were flying westwards) and bad jet-lag (when the local time is ahead of your time because you were flying eastwards). Similarly, our keyword has multiple meanings: cambio de horario – change of schedule/change of time zone/jet-lag.

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Audio Lesson


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Dialogue

mujer: Tengo jet-lag.
hombre: ¿Qué es eso?
mujer: El cambio de horario.
hombre: Ah, claro, porque aquí son ocho horas más.
mujer: Cierto.
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Dialogue with Translation

mujer: Tengo jet-lag.
(I) have jet-lag
woman: I have jet-lag.
hombre: ¿Qué es eso?
what (it) is that
man: What's that?
mujer: El cambio de horario.
the change of schedule
woman: The change of time zone.
hombre: Ah, claro, porque aquí son ocho horas más.
oh clearly because here (they) are eight hours more
man: Oh, of course, because here it's eight hours ahead.
mujer: Cierto.
certain
woman: True.
el horario – the schedule
el cambio de horario – the change of time zone

Vocabulary for Dialogue

la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
el hombre noun (masculine) the man
tener verb (infinitive) to have
(yo) tengo verb (present tense) I have
el jet-lag noun (masculine) the jet-lag
¿qué? interrogative pronoun what?
ser verb (infinitive) to be
(él/ella) es verb (present tense) he/she(/it) is
ese/esa/eso pronoun (m./f./neuter) this, that
el cambio noun (masculine) the change
de preposition of
el horario noun (masculine) the schedule
ah interjection oh
claro adverb clearly, of course
porque conjunction because
aquí adverb here
(ellos/ellas) son verb (present tense) they are
ocho number eight
la hora noun (feminine) the hour
las horas noun (plural, feminine) the hours
más adverb more
cierto/cierta adjective (m./f.) certain, true
cierto phrase I think so

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson

clarisimo adverb very clearly
el taco noun (masculine) the taco
los tacos noun (plural, masculine) the tacos
el tequila noun (masculine) the tequila
hasta luego phrase see you later
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More Vocabulary

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

tener infinitive to have
(yo) tengo present tense I have
(tú) tienes you have (informal, singular)
(él/ella) tiene he/she(/it) has
(usted) tiene you have (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) tenemos we have (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) tenéis you have (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) tienen they have (m./f.)
(ustedes) tienen you have (formal, plural)
 
ser infinitive to be
(yo) soy present tense I am
(tú) eres you are (informal, singular)
(él/ella) es he/she(/it) is
(usted) es you are (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) somos we are (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) sois you are (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) son they are (m./f.)
(ustedes) son you are (formal, plural)


    
uno 1
dos 2
tres 3
cuatro 4
cinco 5
seis 6
siete 7
ocho 8
nueve 9
diez 10
once 11
doce 12
trece 13
catorce 14
quince 15
dieciséis 16
diecisiete 17
dieciocho 18
diecinueve 19
veinte 20
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Exercises

Dialogue Translation

Translate from Spanish to English. Click each bar to check your answer. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

Tengo jet-lag.

I have jet-lag.

¿Qué es eso?

What's that?

El cambio de horario.

The change of time zone.

Ah, claro, porque aquí son ocho horas más.

Oh, of course, because here it's eight hours ahead.

Cierto.

True.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

I have jet-lag.

Tengo jet-lag.

What's that?

¿Qué es eso?

The change of time zone.

El cambio de horario.

Oh, of course, because here it's eight hours ahead.

Ah, claro, porque aquí son ocho horas más.

True.

Cierto.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

I have eight hours more.

Tengo ocho horas más.

Why?

¿Por qué?

Because of (= por) the change of time zone.

Por el cambio de horario.

What's that?

¿Qué es eso?

Here it's eight hours less (= menos).

Aquí son ocho horas menos.

True.

Cierto.

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

We have jet-lag.

Tenemos jet-lag.

What's that?

¿Qué es eso?

The change of time zone.

El cambio de horario.

Oh, of course, because here it's one (= una) hour ahead.

Ah, claro, porque aquí es una hora más.

True.

Cierto.


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