Pizzonese/Verbs

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Pizzonese
a Western Abruzzese dialect of the
Neapolitan language continuum
Grammar
Alphabet and pronunciation
Nouns and articles
AdjectivesPronouns
Conjugation of esse’, to be
Conjugation of havè, to have
InterrogativesAdverbs
PrepositionsConjunctions
Vocabulary
Common verbsLexicon
Resources
Bibliography and sites

Conjugation of regular nouns[edit]

There are 3 standard infinitive verb forms in Pizzonese, ending in -à, -è/-ere and .

  • -ccì = 2 hypothetical consonants + 1 ì
  • -acì = 1 hypothetical vowel + 1 hypothetical consonant + 1 ì

With the second conjugation infinitives,

  • (formerly -ère) is used when the ultimate (formerly penultimate) syllable is stressed–as in vedè (formerly vedère)
  • -ere is used when the antepenultimate syllable is stressed–as in dícere

Also note that () denotes stem changes, which will be explained soon.

Present tense[edit]

-è/-ere -ccì -acì
ji -e -e -e -ische
tu ()-e ()-e ()-e -isce
éssa -a -a -a -isce
-éme -éme -éme -éme
-éte -éte -éte -éte
isse -ene -ene -ene -iscene

Imperfect[edit]

-e/è -ié -CCì -ACì
ji -ave -éve -iéve -éve -éve
tu -ive -ive -iéve -ive -éve
éssa/isse -ava/e -éva/e -iéva/e -éva/e -éva/e
-ame -ame -ame -ame -ame
-ate -ateve -ateve -ateve -ateve
isse/chile -avane -évene -iévene -évene -évene

Remote past[edit]

-ié -CCì -ACì
ji -iétte -iétte -iétte -iétte -iétte
tu -ašte -ište -ište -ište -ište
éssa/isse -atta/e -etta/e -etta/e -etta/e -etta/e
-amme -amme -amme -amme -amme
-ašteve -išteve -išteve -išteve -išteve
isse/chile -avane -évene -iévene -évene -évene

Simple future[edit]

This is a more recent edition to Pizzonese, as the advent of Italian and Neapolitan has made these rather automated to grammar, but has now become a shortcut. The simple remote form as used below though is barely used, as Pizzonesi usually speak of the future in terms of what they have to do, as originally there were no future tenses (as in I will (be)), and future events were talked about in terms of "being done later" (chiù doppe).

-e/è -ié -CCì -ACì
ij -araja -oraja -eraja -eraja -iraja -iraja
tu -arié -orié -erié -erié -irié -irié
éssa/isse -arà -orà -erà -erà -irà -irà
-aramme -oramme -eramme -eramme -iramme -iramme
ù -arate -orate -erate -erate -irate -irate
isse/chile -aranne -oranne -eranne -eranne -iranne -iranne

Irregular verbs[edit]

This is a list of the most important irregular nouns in Pizzonese, in the present tense.

HAVÈ to have (to), to must[edit]

number person Indicative mood
Present Imperfect Preterite
singular 1st. haja havéva havietta
2nd. havira haviva havista
3rd. havera havéva havetta
plural 1st. havéma havavamma havamma
2nd. havéta havavata havata
3rd. haverna havévena haviettena
or havierna
number person Subjunctive mood
Imperfect
singular 1st. havéssa
2nd. havissa
3rd. havéssa
plural 1st. havéssema
2nd. havésseta
3rd. havéssena
Imperative mood Infinitive Havete!
2nd. pers. sing. Past participle havute
2nd. pers. plur. Havateva! Gerund havenne


ji haja
tu havira
éssa havera
havéma
havéta
isse haverna

ÉSSERE to be[edit]

ji singhe
tu
éssa è
séme
séte
isse

JÌ to go[edit]

ij vaglie
tu vié
éssa/isse va
jéme
ù jéte
chile/isse viéne

PATÌ to be able[edit]

ij pozze
tu può
éssa/isse
putéme
ù putéte
chile/isse puone

TENÈ to have[edit]

ij tiénghe
tu tié
éssa/isse
tenéme
ù tenéte
chile/isse tiéne

VEDÈ to see[edit]

ij véde
tu vide
éssa/isse véda/e
vedéme
ù vedéte
chile/isse vìdene

VULÌ to want[edit]

ij vuoglie
tu vuò
éssa/isse
vuléme
ù vuléte
chile/isse vuone