Pizzonese/Havè

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Pizzonese
a Western Abruzzese dialect of the
Neapolitan language continuum
Grammar
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Conjugation of esse’, to be
Conjugation of havè, to have
InterrogativesAdverbs
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  • English: to have
  • Italian: havere

Past participle: havute
Gerund: havenne

To form the compound tenses add the auxiliary verb (havè) + past participle (štate)

Indicative tenses[edit]

Present tense[edit]

ji haja
tu havira
éssa havera
havéma
havéta
isse haverna

Imperfect[edit]

ji havéva
tu haviva
éssa havéva
havavamma
havavateve
isse havévena

Remote past[edit]

ji haviétta
tu havista
éssa havetta
havamma
havata
isse haviettena or
havierna

Conjunctive tenses[edit]

Imperfect[edit]

ji havéssa
tu havissa
isse havésse
éssa havéssa
havéssema
ù havisseve
isse havissene
chille havéssena

Notes[edit]

  • As with most other verbs (except for esse’), havè has no conditional and future tenses
  • Havè is used mainly as an auxiliary verb, otherwise it means "to must (have to)"; tenè is used for expressing ownership