German/Appendices/Grammar I

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Der-word Case for German Nouns[edit]

Case
Gender Nominativ Genitiv Dativ Akkusativ
masculine der des dem den
feminine die der der die
neuter das des dem das
plural* die der den die

* The same regardless of singular noun gender

Personal Pronoun Tables: nominative, genitive, dative & accusative cases[edit]

Nominative case personal pronouns[edit]

The nominative case is used as the subject of a verb.


Singular
Plural
1st person ich I wir we
2nd person  du (Sie*) you ihr (Sie*) you
3rd person er, sie, es he, she, it sie they

*Polite form.


Genitive case personal pronouns[edit]

The genitive case corresponds to the possessive case in English or to the English objective case preceded by 'of' and denoting possession. The use of genitive personal pronouns is very rare in German and many Germans are unable to use them correctly.


Singular
Plural
1st person meiner my unser our
2nd person deiner (Ihrer*) your eurer (Ihrer*) your
3rd person seiner, ihrer, seiner his, her, its ihrer their

*Polite form.

Examples:

Ich erbarme mich eurer. ~ I take pity on you(rs).
meiner unbedeutenden Meinung nach. ~ in my humble opinion (IMHO)

Dative case personal pronouns[edit]

The personal pronouns in the dative case are used as indirect objects of verbs and after the prepositions aus, außer, bei, mit, nach, seit, von, zu.

Singular
Plural
1st person  mir   me   uns  us
2nd person   dir (Ihnen*)     you  euch (Ihnen*)     you
3rd person  ihm, ihr, ihm  him, her, it    ihnen  them      

*Polite form.


Accusative case personal pronouns[edit]

The personal pronouns in the accusative case are used as direct objects of transitve verbs and after the prepositions durch, für, gegen, ohne, um.


Singular
Plural
1st person mich me uns us
2nd person dich (Sie*) you euch (Sie*) you
3rd person ihn, sie, es him, her, it sie them

* Polite form.