Flora of New York/Juncales 1

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Iridales, Typhales, Xyridales
Flora of New York: Juncaceae & Cyperaceae 1
Juncales 2
Table of
contents
Genus
index
Protected species index Invasive species index


Family Juncaceae[edit]

The family Juncaceae ...

Genus Juncus[edit]

The genus Juncus (rush) ...

Subgenus Genuini[edit]
Juncaceae – genus Juncus – subg. Genuini[1]
Juncus subg. Genuini Rush N.Y. Status Images Distribution 6
 Willd.
var. littoralis
 (=) J. arcticus ssp. littoralis  
 (=) J. arcticus var. littoralis 
 (=) J. arcticus var. balticus 
Baltic rush Native,
Secure
Juncus balticus NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngJuncus balticus BB-1913.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN
Note[2]




Images
 L.
Thread rush Native,
Secure
Juncus filiformis Sturm8.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngJuncus filiformis 2.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
 L.
var. pylaei
 (=) J. pylaei Laharpe  
Common rush,
Soft rush
Native,
Secure
Juncus effusus near Smrkovice, part of Pisek in 2011 (1).JPG
Juncus effusus var pylaei NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-N0




Images
 L.
var. solutus
 (=) J. griscomii Fernald  
Common rush,
Soft rush
Native,
Secure
Juncus effusus near Smrkovice, part of Pisek in 2011 (4).JPG
Juncus effusus var solutus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-N0




Images
 L.
var. conglomeratus
 (=) J. conglomeratus L.  
Common rush,
Soft rush
Introduced,
N. America native
Juncus effusus conglomeratus BB-1913.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngJuncus conglomeratus Caracuel.jpg
Juncus effusus var conglomeratus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-X
NRCS-N0




Images
Blue rush,
European meadow rush
Introduced,
N. America exotic
Juncus inflexus01.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngJuncus inflexus02.jpg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
  1. Flora of North America Vol. 22. Juncaceae. 1a. Juncus subg. Genuini
  2. Flora of North America and NRCS include J. balticus under J. arcticus, while NYFA keeps them separate, pending further research.
Subgenus Poiophylli [edit]
Juncaceae – genus Juncus – subg. Poiophylli[1]
Juncus subg. Poiophylli Rush N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 L.
var. bufonius
Toad rush Native,
Secure
Juncus bufonius.jpeg
Juncus bufonius var bufonius NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
 Wiegand
 (=) J. tenuis var. dudleyi  
 (=) J. tenuis var. uniflorus 
Dudley's rush Native,
Secure
Juncus dudleyi BB-1913.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
 Loisel.
var. gerardii
Black-grass rush,
Saltmeadow rush
Native,
Secure
Juncus gerardii bluete.jpeg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
 Oakes & Tuck.
Greene's rush Native,
Secure
Juncus greenei BB-1913.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
 Willd.
Path rush,
Slender rush
Native,
Secure
Juncus.tenuis4.-.lindsey.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
 P.Beauv. ex Poir.
Lopsided rush,
Secund rush
Native,
Likely secure
Juncus secundus NRCS-1.jpg
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN




Images
 Elliott
Forked rush Native,
Vulnerable
Juncus dichotomus NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngJuncus dichotomus NRCS-2.png
NYFA-3?
NRCS-N0




Images
 L.
Highland rush Native,
Threatened
Juncus trifidus (Dreiblatt-Simse) IMG 2661.jpg
NYFA-2
NRCS-NN




Images
 Guss.

 (=) J. bufonius var. halophilus 
 (=) J. bufonius var. ranarius 
 (=) J. ranarius 
Frog rush,
Seasice rush,
Seaside rush,
Seaside toad rush[2]
Native,
Endangered
Juncus.bufonius.2.jpg
Juncus ambiguus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN
Note[3]




Images
 Jacq.
Flattened rush,
Roundfruit rush
Introduced,
N. America exotic
Juncus compressus.jpeg
NYFA-X
NRCS-XX




Images
Subgenus Graminifolii[edit]
Juncaceae – genus Juncus – subg. Graminifolii[1]
Juncus subg. Graminifolii Rush N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 Elliott
 (=) J. marginatus var. biflorus  
 (=) J. marginatus var. odoratus 
 (=) J. aristulatus var. biflorus 
Bog rush,
Grass-leaved rush
Native,
Endangered
Juncus biflorus NRCS-1.jpg
NYFA-1
NRCS-N0
Note[2]




Images
 Rostk.
 (=) J. setosus (Coville) Small  
Grass-leaved rush Native,
Secure
Juncus marginatus NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngJuncus marginatus BB-1913.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
  1. Flora of North America Vol. 22. Juncaceae. 1c. Juncus subg. Graminifolii
  2. Flora of North America includes J. biflorus under J. marginatus, while Knapp et al. (2004), NRCS, and NYFA all keep them separate, pending further research.
Subgenus Ensifolii[edit]
Juncaceae – genus Juncus – subg. Ensifolii[1]
Juncus subg. Ensifolii Rush N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 Wikstr.
var. ensifolius
Ensiform rush,
Swordleaf rush,
Sword-leaved rush
Introduced,
N. America native
Juncusensifolius.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngJuncus ensifolius IP0807004.jpg
NYFA-X1
NRCS-NN




Images
Subgenus Juncus[edit]
Juncaceae – genus Juncus – subg. Juncus[1]
Juncus subg. Juncus Rush N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 Lam
Sea rush Introduced,
Impersistent
Juncus maritimus.jpeg
NYFA-X
NRCS-X0




Images
Subgenus Alpini[edit]
Juncaceae – genus Juncus – subg. Alpini[1]
Juncus subg. Alpini Rush N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 L.
ssp. americanus (Buchenau) Hultén

 (=) Juncus stygius var. americanus 
American moor rush,
Moor rush
Native,
Endangered
Juncus stygius BB-1913.png
Juncus stygius ssp americanus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-Z
NRCS-NN


FNA 

Images
Subgenus Septati[edit]
Juncaceae – genus Juncus – subg. Septati[1]
Juncus subg. Septati Rush N.Y. Status Images Distribution 36
 Michx.
Sharp-fruited rush,
Tapertip rush
Native,
Secure
Juncus acuminatus NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngJuncus acuminatus BB-1913.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
 L.
Jointed rush Native,
Secure
Juncus.articulatus.-.lindsey.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
(Engelm.) Buch.
Small-head rush Native,
Secure
Juncus brachycephalus NRCS-1.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
(Engelm.) Fernald
Narrow-panicled rush Native,
Secure
Juncus brevicaudatus BB-1913.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
Gay ex LaHarpe
Canada rush Native,
Secure
Juncus canadensis NRCS-1.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
 L. (1762)

 (=) Juncus rostkovii 
Nnotted rush Native,
Secure
Juncus nodosus BB-1913.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngJuncus nodosus NRCS-1.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
 E. Mey.
Brownfruit rush,
Brown-fruited rush
Native,
Secure
Juncus pelocarpus BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
 Chaix
ssp. nodulosus
 (=) J. alpinus auct. non Vill.  
 (=) J. alpinus Vill. ssp. nodulosus 
Alpine rush,
Northern green rush
Native,
Likely secure
Juncus alpinoarticulatus Sturm13.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngJuncus alpinoarticulatus nodulosus NRCS-1.jpg
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN




Images
Bigelow (1824)
Bayonet rush,
Jointed bog rush
Native,
Likely secure
Juncus militaris BB-1913.png
Juncus militaris NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN




Images
 Engelm.
Short-fruited rush,
Whiteroot rush
Native,
Endangered
Juncus brachycarpus NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngJuncus brachycarpus BB-1913.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN




Images
Weak rush Native,
Endangered
Juncus debilis BB-1913.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-N0




Images
 Lam.

1789. Juncus scirpoides  Lam.
Needlepod rush Native,
Endangered
Juncus scirpoides NRCS-001.jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1
NRCS-N0




Images
 Buckley
Slimpod rush,
Slim-podded rush
Introduced,
N. America native
Juncus diffusissimus BB-1913.png
Nymap.svg
NYFA-X
NRCS-N0




Images
Woods-rush





Images
Torrey's rush





Images
Genus Luzula[edit]

The genus Luzula (woodrush) ...

Juncaceae – genus Luzula
Luzula Woodrush N.Y. Status Images Distribution 10
 Raf.
var. acuminata

1840. Luzula acuminata  Raf.
1903. Luzula saltuensis  Fernald
1910. Juncoides saltuensis  A.Heller
1938. L. carolinae var. saltuensis Fernald
1967. L. pilosa var. saltuensis B.Boivin
Hairy woodrush Native,
Secure
Luzula acuminata (April 2012).jpg
Nymap.svg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN


FNA 

Images
 Raf.
var. carolinae Fernald

1879. Luzula carolinae  S.Watson
1891. Juncoides carolinae  Kuntze
1944. L. acuminata var. carolinae Fernald
1979. L. pilosa var. carolinae B.Boivin
2001. L. acuminata ssp. carolinae Z.Kaplan
Carolina woodrush,
Hairy woodrush
Native,
Endangered
Nymap.svg
NYFA-1?
NRCS-N0


FNA Trop.

Images
Southern woodrush Native





Images
Woodrush Native





Images
ssp. frigida
Common woodrush Native





Images
ssp. multiflora
Common woodrush Native





Images
Common wood-rush Native





Images
Small-flowered wood-rush Native





Images
Spiked wood-rush Native





Images
ssp. luzuloides
Forest woodrush,
Oak-forest woodrush
Introduced





Images

Family Cyperaceae[edit]

The family Cyperaceae

Subfamily Cyperoideae[edit]

Tribe Sclerieae[edit]

Cyperaceae – subfam. Cyperoideae – tribe Sclerieae – genus Scleria
Scleria Nutrush N.Y. Status Images Distribution 6
 W. Stone
Slender nutrush Native,
Endangered
Scleria minor NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-N0
NYNHP-1




Images
 Steud.
 (=) Scleria setacea auct. non Poir.  
 (=) Scleria stevensiana Britton 
 (=) Scleria reticularis var. pubescens 
Muhlenberg's nutrush Native,
Endangered
Scleria muehlenbergii BB-1913.png
Scleria muehlenbergii NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN




Images
 Muhl. ex Willd.
var. caroliniana
Carolina nutrush,
Few-flowered nutrush
Native,
Endangered
Scleria pauciflora BB-1913.png
Scleria pauciflora var caroliniana NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-N0
NYNHP-1




Images
 Michx.
Netted nutrush Native,
Vulnerable
Scleria reticularis BB-1913.png
Scleria reticularis NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3
NRCS-NN




Images
 Michx.
Whip nutrush Native,
Endangered
Scleria triglomerata BB-1913.png
Scleria triglomerata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN
NYNHP-1




Images
 Muhl. ex Willd.
 (=) Scleria tenella Kunth  
Low nutrush Native,
Endangered
Scleria verticillata BB-1913.png
Scleria verticillata NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN




Images

Tribe Cladieae[edit]

Cyperaceae – subfam. Cyperoideae – tribe Cladieae – genus Cladium
Cladium Sawgrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 1
 (Muhl.) Torr.
Smooth sawgrass,
Twig rush
Native,
Secure
Cladium mariscoides NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngCladium mariscoides BB-1913.png
Cladium mariscoides NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images

Tribe Schoeneae[edit]

Cyperaceae – subfam. Cyperoideae – tribe Schoeneae – genus Rhynchospora
RhynchosporaVahl Beaksedge N.Y. Status Images Distribution 15
 (L.) Vahl
White beaksedge,
White beak-rush
Native,
Secure
Rhynchospora alba Becklinger Moor b.jpg
Rhynchospora alba NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
(Michx.) Vahl (1805)
Brownish beaksedge,
Brownish beak-rush
Native,
Secure
Rhynchospora capitellata NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngRhynchospora capitellata NRCS-2.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
Torr. (1823)
Horned beak-rush,
Needle beaksedge
Native,
Likely secure
Rhynchospora capillacea BB-1913-1.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngRhynchospora capillacea BB-1913-2.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN




Images
(L.) W.T.Aiton (1810)
Brown beaksedge,
Brown beak-rush
Native,
Vulnerable
Rhynchospora fusca.jpeg
NYFA-3-4
NRCS-NN




Images
Torr. ex A.Gray
Tall beaked-rush,
Tall horned beaksedge
Native,
Vulnerable
Rhynchospora macrostachya NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-3




Images
(Torr.) A.Gray
Longbeak beaksedge,
Long-beaked bald-rush
Native,
Vulnerable
NYFA-3
NRCS-N0




Images
(Oakes) Fernald
Drowned horned-rush,
Narrowfruit horned beaksedge
Native,
Threatened
NYFA-2
NRCS-N0




Images
(Vahl) A.Gray
Bald-rush,
Short-beaked beaksedge
Native,
Threatened
NYFA-2
NRCS-NN




Images
Fernald & Gale

1940. Rhynchospora chalarocephala
Loosehead beaksedge,
Loose-head beak-rush
Native,
Likely extirpated,
Last collected 1932
Rhynchospora chalarocephala nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
NRCS-N0


FNA 

Images
A.Gray
Torrey beak-rush,
Torrey's beaksedge
Native,
Likely extirpated,
Last collected 1929
Rhynchospora torreyana nymap.svg
NYFA-1Z
NRCS-N0




Images
(Gale) Kral
Globe beak-rush Native,
Likely extirpated,
Last collected 1924
Rhynchospora recognita nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
NRCS-N0




Images
Pale beaksedge,
Pale beak-rush
Native,
Likely extirpated,
Last collected 1921
Rhynchospora pallida nymap.svg
NYFA-Z




Images
A.Gray
Slender beaksedge Native,
Likely extirpated,
Last collected 1843
Rhynchospora gracilenta nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
NRCS-N0




Images
(Chapm.) Small
var. globularis
Globe beaksedge Native,
No recent reports
Rhynchospora globularis var globularis nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
NRCS-N0




Images
A. Gray (1835)

 (=) R. axillaris (Lam.) Britton 
Bunched beaksedge,
Capitate beak-rush
Native,
Likely extirpated,
No sources
Rhynchospora cephalantha nymap.svg
NYFA-Z
NRCS-N0




Images

Tribe Scirpeae[edit]

Genus Eriophorum[edit]
Cyperaceae – subfam. Cyperoideae – tribe Scirpeae – genus Eriophorum
Eriophorum Cottongrass N.Y. Status Images Distribution 6
 Honck.
ssp. angustifolium
 (=) E. angustifolium ssp. scabriusculum  
 (=) E. angustifolium ssp. subarcticum 
Narrow-leaved cotton-grass,
Tall cottongrass
Native,
Endangered,
No recent reports
Eriophorum angustifolium 1997-08-06.jpg
NYFA-Z
NRCS-NN




Images
 W.D.J.Koch
Slender cottongrass,
Slender cotton-grass
Native,
Likely secure
Eriophorum gracile NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngEriophorum gracile BB-1913.png
Eriophorum gracile NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN




Images
 Nutt.
Fewnerved cottongrass,
Rough cotton-grass
Native,
Secure
Eriophorum tenellum BB-1913.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
 L.
Tussock cottongrass,
Tussock cotton-grass
Native,
Secure
Eriophorum vaginatum no.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
 L.
Tawny cottongrass,
Tawny cotton-grass
Native,
Secure
Eriophorum virginicum NRCS-1.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
(Engelm.) Fernald
Green keeled cotton-grass,
Thinleaf cottonsedge
Native,
Secure
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
Genus Scirpus[edit]
Cyperaceae – subfam. Cyperoideae – tribe Scirpeae – genus Scirpus
Scirpus Bulrush N.Y. Status Images Distribution 13
 Fernald
Blackgirdle bulrush,
Black-girdled wool-grass
Native,
Secure
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
 Willd.
Darkgreen bulrush,
Green bulrush
Native,
Secure
Scirpus atrovirens NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngScirpus atrovirens NRCS-2.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
 (L.) Kunth
Woolgrass,
Common wool-grass
Native,
Secure
Scirpus cyperinus NRCS-1.jpg
NYFA-
NRCS-NN




Images
 Makino
Mosquito bulrush Native,
Secure
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
J.Presl & C.Presl

 (=) Scirpus rubrotinctus 
Panicled bulrush,
Small-fruited bulrush
Native,
Secure
Scirpus microcarpus NRCS-1.jpgImg spacer 2x87.pngScirpus microcarpus BB-1913.png
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
 Fernald
Stalked woolgrass Native,
Secure
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
 Muhl.
Nodding bulrush,
Pendulous bulrush,
Rufous bulrush
Native,
Secure
Scirpus pendulus NRCS-2.pngImg spacer 2x87.pngScirpus pendulus NRCS-1.jpg
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
 Vahl
Leafy bulrush Native,
Secure
NYFA-5
NRCS-N0




Images
 Fernald

 (=) Scirpus sylvaticus L. p.p. 
Woodland beak-rush,
Woodland bulrush
Native,
Likely secure
Scirpus expansus BB-1913.png
NYFA-4
NRCS-NN




Images
Britton (pro sp.)
[ atrocinctus × atrovirens
    × pedicellatus
]
Bulrush Native,
Vulnerable
Scirpus × peckii BB-1913.png
NYFA-3?
NRCS-NN




Images
Schuyler
Northeastern bulrush Native,
Endangered
Scirpus ancistrochaetus.jpg
Scirpus ancistrochaetus NY-dist-map.png
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN
FWS




Images
 Harper
Georgia bulrush Native,
Endangered
Scirpus georgianus NRCS-1.jpg
NYFA-1
NRCS-NN




Images
Long's bulrush Native,
Likely extirpated
NYFA-Z
NRCS-NN




Images
Genus Trichophorum[edit]
Cyperaceae – subfam. Cyperoideae – tribe Scirpeae – genus Trichophorum
Trichophorum Bulrush N.Y. Status Images Distribution 4
 (L.) Pers.
 (=) Baeothryon alpinum (L.) Egor.  
 (=) Eriophorum alpinum L. 
 (=) Leucocoma alpina (L.) Rydb. 
 (=) Scirpus hudsonianus (Michx.) Fernald 
Alpine bulrush,
Alpine cotton-grass
Native,
Secure
Trichophorum alpinum.JPG
NYFA-5
NRCS-NN




Images
Bashful bulrush Native,
Secure
NYFA-5




Images
ssp. cespitosum
Tufted bulrush,
Deer's hair sedge,
Deergrass,
Deerhair bulrush
Native,
Threatened
Trichophorum cespitosum (Rasen-Haarbinse) IMG 2929.jpg
NYFA-2




Images
Clinton's bulrush Native,
Endangered
NYFA-1




Images