US History/Trump

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to navigation Jump to search
President Donald Trump in the White House.

Donald John Trump was elected the 45th US President on November 8th, 2016.[1] He is a member of the Republican Party.

Supreme Court[edit]

Neil Gorsuch[edit]

President Donald Trump with Neil Gorsuch

In early 2016, Supreme court justice Antonin Scalia died.[2] Following the controversial decision of the Senate not to consider Obama's nomination of Merrick Garland,[3] the seat was left vacant until 2017 until President Trump appointed Neil Gorsuch.[4]

Brett Kavanaugh[edit]

Following the retirement of Justice Anthony Kennedy, President Trump nominated Brett Kavanaugh, which was controversial due to sexual assault allegations made against him during the confirmation process.[5] The vote to confirm Kavanaugh was among the closest in American history, with only 51.02% of senators voting to approve his nomination.[6][7]

Amy Coney Barrett[edit]

Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg died in September 2020, saying on her deathbed "My most fervent wish is that I will not be replaced until a new president is installed.".[8]

President Donald Trump nominated Amy Coney Barrett to the Supreme Court in late September 2020.[9] Amy Coney Barrett was confirmed by the Senate just over a week before the 2020 election.[10][11]

North Korean Talks[edit]

During the talks, President Trump became the first president to enter North Korea.

From 2017 to 2018 the North Korean Government sped up its nuclear program, causing a crisis.[12]

On a January morning in 2018 an accident triggered the emergency warning system in Hawaii, with messages blaring from cell phones radios, and televisions of impending nuclear attack, leading to real panic as people rushed for cover, and attempted to make peace with a harrowing future.[13]

Economy[edit]

Corporate Growth[edit]

During this time, the US saw it's first publicly traded company, Apple , reach a value of 1 trillion dollars in 2018[14], then it's first company, again Apple, reach a value of two trillion in 2020.[15]

Trade Wars[edit]

In 2018 the administration began a trade war with China, where both nations placed tariffs on the goods of the other nation. The trade war was caused in part by a growing trade deficit with China, as well as controversy surrounding protection of technology and intellectual property. The trade war resulted in economic damage to both economies[16], as well as the shifting of some supply chains away from China to other areas of the world.[17]

Technological Innovation[edit]

Progress[edit]

A self driving car navigates Mountain View, California in 2017.

Many of the technology trends that started in the George W. Bush or Obama Presidencies continued to mature during the Trump administration. More importantly, many technologies had left the realm of enthusiasts and labs, and began really impacting society by 2016 once their adoption had become significant enough. Voice and Facial Recognition technology began seeing widespread use in the field. Electric Cars became a status icon widely available in the mass market, with a number of competing manufacturers vying to release electric vehicles.[18][19] VR headsets became more affordable and higher quality than ever before, though struggled in the market.[20][21] Renewable energy costs continued to decline. More automation found its way into society with cars that are more smart and more customer facing automation finding its way into metro areas.

Controversy[edit]

Many controversies surrounded the use of technology during this time. Concerns were raised about algorithmic bias, as well as the potential to misuse large datasets such as in the Facebook–Cambridge Analytica data scandal. Other concerns were raised about counterfeit products being more commonly sold online[22], as well as technology companies conflicting with local and state level regulators.[23][24]

Space heats back up[edit]

Billionaire Space Race[edit]

In 2018 SpaceX sent an automobile from its sister company Tesla into space. This served as both a dummy payload, and a successful advertisement.[25]

The 2010's in space were hallmarked by a number of private space companies backed by billionaires like Jeff Bezos or Elon Musk competing for achievements in privately run space ventures.[26] This came to be known as the Billionaire space race.

Space Force[edit]

In December of 2019, the Space Force was established as a separate service branch, instead of operating under the Air Force, as its preceding organization had since 1982.[27]

Civil Rights[edit]

Immigration[edit]

Immigration issues were a key point of President Trump's 2016 campaign, including a promise to replace preexisting fencing and barriers on the US Mexico border with a wall.[28]

In 2017 Trump signed an executive order which restricted travel from certain countries.[29]

The family separation policy pursued by the administration proved to be very controversial, as the policy resulted in families split, often with no way put in place to reunite them.

Facing Crisis[edit]

In late 2017 Hurricane Maria devastated Puerto Rico, with much of the island damaged two years after the hurricane.[30][31]

Notable shootings from this time include the 2017 Las Vegas shooting, Stoneman Douglas High School shooting / Parkland Shootings, and the 2019 El Paso shooting.

Notable Protests, Demonstrations, and Riots[edit]

Aided by social and mass media, protesting was widespread and visible during this time, with many protests ranking among the largest in American history.[32]

2017 Women's March[edit]

The 2017 Women's March

The day following the inauguration of President Trump, the 2017 Women's March occurred, which was the largest single day protest in American history to that point.[33][34][35]

Dakota Pipeline Protests[edit]

Fearing that a pipeline could endanger their water source, a number of indigenous people protested the construction of a pipeline in North Dakota.[36]

Unite the Right[edit]

The Unite the Right Rally.

The Unite the Right rally held in Charlottesville attracted nationwide attention and controversy following an attack on counter protesters that killed one and injured at least 19 more.[37][38]

Major marches and Rallies[edit]

The March for Our Lives, March for Science, 2018 Women's March,Telegramgate, Juggalo March and the September 2019 climate strikes were other major protests against the administration during this time. The Mother of All Rallies, the Trump Free Speech Rally, and the March 4 Trump were notable rallies in favor of President Trump during this time.

George Floyd Protests[edit]

On May 25, 2020[39] George Floyd was killed in Minneapolis.[40] Video of the event sparked nationwide protests, that dwarfed the size of the previous largest protest, the 2017 Women's March.[41]

By May 31st, 2020 credentialed journalists across the United States attempting to cover the events were being targeted by members of a number of police departments,[42][43], with many calling these targeted attacks violations of the First Amendment.[44] By the 14th of July federal police began forcing protestors into unmarked vehicles with no warning or explanation.[45] Critics called the detainments by officers who did not identify themselves unlawful, while proponents of the action said it was needed to protect a courthouse.[46] The arrival of paramilitary forces fueled even larger protests, leading to their withdrawal.[47]

2019 College Admission Scandal[edit]

In 2019 a college admissions bribery scandal broke, when it became publicly known that many wealthy Americans had paid for their children to gain unfair advantages when applying to well ranked schools.[49] The scandal fueled feelings of racial injustice in education[50], as well as economic inequality between the wealthy elite and the average low income or middle class American.[51]

Impeachment Trial[edit]

Following a number of controversies, President Trump was put on trial for impeachment by the Senate in early 2020 following his impeachment by the House of Representatives. He was acquitted by the Senate, and remained president.[52]

COVID-19 Pandemic[edit]

Origin[edit]

At the beginning of 2020 the World Health Organization began monitoring a disease disease emerging near Wuhan, China.[53][54] By early 2020 the pandemic had spread across the globe, including to the United States of America.[55]

Early response[edit]

On March 13, 2020 President Trump declared a national emergency, allowing the Federal government to more effectively respond to the pandemic.[56] By late March a bipartisan two trillion dollar stimulus bill was passed, the largest in American history at the time.[57] The CARES Act included one time direct payments of $1,200 to many, but not all, individuals who made less then $75,000, and added an extra $600 a week to anyone on unemployment for a period of four months.[58]

Despite the S&P500 and NASDAQ reaching all time highs in February 2020[59], the pandemic caused a significant economic downturn.[60] A number of anti-lockdown protests occurred as a result of the economic damage from lockdown measures, with President Trump supporting a number of the protests.[61][62]

Fall 2020[edit]

On October 2nd, 2020 President Trump announced that he had tested positive for COVID-19.[64] President Trump would recover from COVID-19 later that October.[65]

2020 Census[edit]

The 2020 Election[edit]

Primaries[edit]

Biden Campaign[edit]

In light of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Biden Campaign focused on virtual events, as opposed to the Trump Campaign use of in person events.[66]

Trump Campaign[edit]

United States Post Office[edit]

Early on in 2020 the recently appointed Postmaster Dejoy ordered a number of existing postal sorting machines to be removed without a reason given.[67] Many industry professionals questioned this, as it would have been easier to just turn the machines off.[67]

During the election a number of issues with Election mail occurred as a result of cuts early in 2020.[68]

Polls[edit]

2020 Election Results[edit]

Presidential[edit]

Joe Biden won the election receiving 74 million votes and winning the Electoral College.[69]

House & Senate[edit]

A Georgia Runoff election for control of the Senate gained national attention.[70]

Transition Period[edit]

Following the Election, President Trump refused to concede and contested many of the results in court.[71][72]

On November 17th, 2020 following a statement that the election was secure by federal cybersecurity official Christopher Kerbs, President Trump announced he had fired him on Twitter.[73]

References[edit]

2016 Vote · Hope

2016 Vote · US History · Hope
  1. "Donald Trump Is Elected President in Stunning Repudiation of the Establishment" (in en). https://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/09/us/politics/hillary-clinton-donald-trump-president.html. Retrieved 20 September 2020. 
  2. Moravec, Eva Ruth; Horwitz, Sari; Markon, Jerry (14 February 2016). "The death of Antonin Scalia: Chaos, confusion and conflicting reports". Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/texas-tv-station-scalia-died-of-a-heart-attack/2016/02/14/938e2170-d332-11e5-9823-02b905009f99_story.html. Retrieved 20 September 2020. 
  3. "What Happened With Merrick Garland In 2016 And Why It Matters Now" (in en). NPR.org. https://www.npr.org/2018/06/29/624467256/what-happened-with-merrick-garland-in-2016-and-why-it-matters-now. Retrieved 20 September 2020. 
  4. Davis, Julie Hirschfeld; Landler, Mark (31 January 2017). "Trump Nominates Neil Gorsuch to the Supreme Court". The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/31/us/politics/supreme-court-nominee-trump.html. Retrieved 20 September 2020. 
  5. "Brett Kavanaugh's nomination: A timeline". www.cnn.com. https://www.cnn.com/interactive/2018/10/politics/timeline-kavanaugh/. Retrieved 20 September 2020. 
  6. Stolberg, Sheryl Gay (6 October 2018). "Kavanaugh Is Sworn In After Close Confirmation Vote in Senate". The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/06/us/politics/brett-kavanaugh-supreme-court.html. Retrieved 20 September 2020. 
  7. "Senate vote on Kavanaugh was historically close". Los Angeles Times. 7 October 2018. https://www.latimes.com/nation/la-pol-scotus-confirmation-votes-over-the-years-20181005-htmlstory.html. Retrieved 20 September 2020. 
  8. "Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Champion Of Gender Equality, Dies At 87" (in en). https://www.npr.org/2020/09/18/100306972/justice-ruth-bader-ginsburg-champion-of-gender-equality-dies-at-87. Retrieved 21 September 2020. 
  9. "Amy Coney Barrett: A Dream For The Right, Nightmare For The Left" (in en). https://www.npr.org/2020/09/28/917554001/amy-coney-barrett-a-dream-for-the-right-nightmare-for-the-left. Retrieved 9 November 2020. 
  10. "Amy Coney Barrett: Who is Trump's Supreme Court pick?". 27 October 2020. https://www.bbc.com/news/election-us-2020-54303848. Retrieved 9 November 2020. 
  11. "Amy Coney Barrett Confirmed To Supreme Court, Takes Constitutional Oath" (in en). https://www.npr.org/2020/10/26/927640619/senate-confirms-amy-coney-barrett-to-the-supreme-court. Retrieved 9 November 2020. 
  12. "North Korea Nuclear Weapons Threat Nuclear Proliferation North Korea NTI". https://www.nti.org/learn/countries/north-korea/. Retrieved 20 September 2020. 
  13. Nagourney, Adam; Sanger, David E.; Barr, Johanna (13 January 2018). "Hawaii Panics After Alert About Incoming Missile Is Sent in Error". The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/13/us/hawaii-missile.html. Retrieved 20 September 2020. 
  14. "Apple Becomes World's 1st Private-Sector Company Worth $1 Trillion" (in en). NPR.org. https://www.npr.org/2018/08/02/632697978/apple-becomes-worlds-1st-private-sector-company-worth-1-trillion. Retrieved 23 September 2020. 
  15. "Apple Is Worth $2 Trillion — 1st American Company To Hit Milestone" (in en). NPR.org. https://www.npr.org/2020/08/19/903858871/apple-is-1st-2-trillion-american-company. Retrieved 23 September 2020. 
  16. "Has The Trade War Taken A Bite Out Of China's Economy? Yes — But It's Complicated" (in en). NPR.org. https://www.npr.org/2019/10/10/768569711/has-the-trade-war-taken-a-bite-out-of-china-s-economy-yes-but-its-complicated. Retrieved 23 September 2020. 
  17. Tan, Huileng (20 February 2020). "Coronavirus outbreak in China spurs supply chain shifts that began during trade war" (in en). CNBC. https://www.cnbc.com/2020/02/20/coronavirus-outbreak-spurs-supply-chain-shifts-started-by-us-china-trade-war.html. Retrieved 23 September 2020. 
  18. Wayland, Michael (23 November 2019). "Here's how the Ford Mustang Mach-E earned the iconic pony badge, after the company scrapped years of work on other designs" (in en). CNBC. https://www.cnbc.com/2019/11/23/heres-how-the-ford-mustang-mach-e-earned-the-iconic-pony-badge.html. Retrieved 23 September 2020. 
  19. Davies, Alex (11 January 2016). "How GM Beat Tesla to the First True Mass-Market Electric Car". Wired. https://www.wired.com/2016/01/gm-electric-car-chevy-bolt-mary-barra/. Retrieved 23 September 2020. 
  20. Rubin, Ross. "Vendors face the tough reality of affordable VR" (in en). ZDNet. https://www.zdnet.com/article/vendors-face-the-tough-reality-of-affordable-vr/. Retrieved 23 September 2020. 
  21. Roose, Kevin (16 September 2020). "This Should Be V.R.’s Moment. Why Is It Still So Niche?". The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/30/technology/virtual-reality.html. Retrieved 23 September 2020. 
  22. Semuels, Alana (20 April 2018). "Amazon May Have a Counterfeit Problem". The Atlantic. https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2018/04/amazon-may-have-a-counterfeit-problem/558482/. Retrieved 23 September 2020. 
  23. Lazo, Luz. "Dockless bike, scooter firms clash with U.S. cities over regulations". Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/trafficandcommuting/dockless-bike-scooter-firms-clash-with-us-cities-over-regulations/2018/08/04/0db29bd0-9419-11e8-a679-b09212fb69c2_story.html. Retrieved 23 September 2020. 
  24. Siddiqui, Faiz. "Uber and Lyft to continue operating in California". Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/technology/2020/08/20/uber-lyft-shutdown/. Retrieved 23 September 2020. 
  25. https://www.popsci.com/spacexs-falcon-heavy-launch-was-joyful-success/
  26. https://money.cnn.com/2017/04/04/technology/billionaire-space-race/index.html
  27. Barbier, Reid. "The Purpose and Mission of the Space Force" (in en). https://www.american.edu/sis/centers/security-technology/the-purpose-and-mission-of-the-space-force.cfm. Retrieved 23 September 2020. 
  28. Stenglein, Elaine Kamarck and Christine (6 December 2019). "What do we need to know about the border wall?". https://www.brookings.edu/policy2020/votervital/what-do-we-need-to-know-about-the-border-wall/. Retrieved 23 September 2020. 
  29. "Timeline: President Trump’s Executive Order on Immigration" (in en). https://www.hamilton.edu/offices/dos/international-student-services/immigration-resources/timeline-president-trump-s-executive-order-on-immigration. Retrieved 23 September 2020. 
  30. "'I Don't Feel Safe': Puerto Rico Preps For Next Storm Without Enough Government Help" (in en). NPR.org. https://www.npr.org/2019/07/03/737001701/i-don-t-feel-safe-puerto-rico-preps-for-another-maria-without-enough-government. Retrieved 23 September 2020. 
  31. Mazzei, Patricia; Rosa, Alejandra (20 September 2019). "Hurricane Maria, 2 Years Later: ‘We Want Another Puerto Rico’". The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/09/20/us/puerto-rico-hurricane-maria.html. Retrieved 23 September 2020. 
  32. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/monkey-cage/wp/2018/05/31/these-are-the-four-largest-protests-since-trump-was-inaugurated/
  33. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/21/us/womens-march.html
  34. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/monkey-cage/wp/2019/02/01/the-2019-womens-march-was-bigger-than-you-think/?utm_term=.7560e7bda445
  35. https://americanhistory.si.edu/creating-icons/women%E2%80%99s-march-2017
  36. https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/02/22/514988040/key-moments-in-the-dakota-access-pipeline-fight
  37. https://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/ohio-man-sentenced-life-prison-federal-hate-crimes-related-august-2017-car-attack-rally
  38. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-40912509
  39. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/31/us/george-floyd-investigation.html
  40. https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2020/may/26/george-floyd-killing-police-video-fbi-investigation
  41. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/07/03/us/george-floyd-protests-crowd-size.html
  42. https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2020/05/31/journalists-blinded-injured-arrested-covering-george-floyd-protests/5299374002/
  43. https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2020/may/29/black-cnn-reporter-arrested-on-air-minneapolis-protests-george-floyd-killing
  44. https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2020/06/03/george-floyd-protests-minneapolis-police-violated-1st-amendment-suit/3132796001/
  45. https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2020/jul/17/portland-protests-federal-officers-george-floyd
  46. https://www.npr.org/2020/07/17/892277592/federal-officers-use-unmarked-vehicles-to-grab-protesters-in-portland
  47. https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2020/jul/29/trump-administration-portland-protests-federal-agents
  48. https://www.npr.org/2020/06/01/867532070/trumps-unannounced-church-visit-angers-church-officials
  49. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/12/us/college-admissions-cheating-scandal.html
  50. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/13/us/college-admissions-race.html
  51. https://www.cnbc.com/2019/03/22/college-applicants-from-families-in-the-1-percent-have-a-big-edge.html
  52. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/05/us/politics/impeachment-vote.html
  53. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/cdcresponse/about-COVID-19.html
  54. https://www.who.int/westernpacific/emergencies/covid-19
  55. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/22/us/coronavirus-sequencing.html
  56. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/13/us/politics/coronavirus-national-emergency.html
  57. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/26/us/coronavirus-senate-stimulus-package.html
  58. https://www.npr.org/2020/03/26/821457551/whats-inside-the-senate-s-2-trillion-coronavirus-aid-package
  59. Imbert, Fred (19 February 2020). "S&P 500 and Nasdaq jump to record highs, Dow climbs more than 100 points" (in en). CNBC. https://www.cnbc.com/2020/02/19/stock-market-wall-street-in-focus-amid-coronavirus-outbreak.html. Retrieved 22 September 2020. 
  60. https://www.nytimes.com/2020/06/08/business/economy/us-economy-recession-2020.html
  61. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/us-politics/trump-lockdown-protest-twitter-video-reporter-journalist-a9518296.html
  62. https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/trump-expresses-support-for-angry-anti-shutdown-protesters-as-more-states-lift-coronavirus-lockdowns/2020/05/01/25570dbe-8b9f-11ea-8ac1-bfb250876b7a_story.html
  63. https://www.npr.org/sections/coronavirus-live-updates/2020/04/28/847457974/hospital-ship-usns-comfort-scheduled-to-sail-from-new-york-city
  64. "Covid: Donald Trump and Melania test positive". 2 October 2020. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-54381848. Retrieved 9 November 2020. 
  65. Jansen, Bart. "As cases spike, Trump's ad strategy targeting senior citizens: I recovered from COVID-19, so can America". https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/elections/2020/10/17/election-2020-trump-touts-his-own-covid-recovery-pitch-seniors/5967676002/. Retrieved 9 November 2020. 
  66. "4 Differences In How Biden And Trump Campaign Right Now" (in en). https://www.npr.org/2020/09/15/913137954/4-differences-in-how-biden-and-trump-campaign-right-now. Retrieved 20 November 2020. 
  67. a b "The Post Office Is Deactivating Mail Sorting Machines Ahead of the Election" (in en). https://www.vice.com/en/article/n7wk9z/the-post-office-is-deactivating-mail-sorting-machines-ahead-of-the-election. Retrieved 20 November 2020. 
  68. Broadwater, Luke; Fuchs, Hailey (29 October 2020). "Lingering Mail Problems Worry Voters in Final Week of Election". https://www.nytimes.com/2020/10/29/us/politics/post-office-mail-voting-2020-election.html. Retrieved 20 November 2020. 
  69. "US election: Joe Biden vows to 'unify' country in victory speech". 8 November 2020. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/election-us-2020-54859636. Retrieved 9 November 2020. 
  70. "'Don't Game Our System': How The Race To Georgia Senate Runoff Is Heating Up" (in en). https://www.npr.org/2020/11/20/936826277/dont-game-our-system-how-the-race-to-georgia-senate-runoff-is-heating-up. Retrieved 20 November 2020. 
  71. Ramey, Deanna Paul, Brent Kendall and Corinne (9 November 2020). "Election 2020: What Are the Trump Legal Claims?". https://www.wsj.com/articles/election-2020-what-are-the-trump-legal-claims-11604876612. Retrieved 9 November 2020. 
  72. "Donald Trump’s refusal to concede is harming America". The Economist. 21 November 2020. https://www.economist.com/united-states/2020/11/21/donald-trumps-refusal-to-concede-is-harming-america. Retrieved 20 November 2020. 
  73. Sanger, David E.; Perlroth, Nicole (18 November 2020). "Trump Fires Christopher Krebs, Official Who Disputed Election Fraud Claims". https://www.nytimes.com/2020/11/17/us/politics/trump-fires-christopher-krebs.html. Retrieved 20 November 2020.