Thai

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to: navigation, search
II This is a Category II Language.

Learning Thai (เรียนภาษาไทย)[edit]

วัดพระศรีรัตนศาสดาราม-Temple of the Emerald Buddha

Thai language (ภาษาไทย-phāːsǎːthāi) is official language of Thailand.

Like Chinese and some other Asian languages, spoken Thai is a tonal language. That means that by changing the tone of a spoken word you can change its meaning. This can be confusing for people whose first language is non-tonal, such as the European languages. The written Thai word however, is not so confusing because words with different tones are spelled differently. Though like English, it is possible for words with the same tone but different meanings, to be spelled differently too ('feet' and 'feat')

Example of some Thai words highlighting the different tones.

Thai
Thai Word Pronunciation key Meaning Tone
คา khā stuck mid
ข่า khà galangal low
ข้า khâ servant falling
ค่า khâ value falling
ฆ่า khâ to kill falling
ค้า khá to trade, to sell high
ขา khǎ leg rising

The following table is comparing Chinese with Thai about their tones. Note that pronunciation key is adapted form English alphabets with IPA tone markers for Thai. It is not same as pinyin tone marker at all.

Chinese
Chinese Word Pinyin Meaning
mother
hemp
horse
scold
ma (used as last word of question)

Many Thai phrasebooks use pronunciation key without tone marker, even though Thai is tonal language. If you want to speak Thai correctly, you have to study its tone, otherwise Thai people will have trouble understanding what you say.

Lessons[edit]

Modules[edit]

Although this Wikibook is still in its early stages of development, hopefully you will find it useful nevertheless. If you can, please help improve these articles, or add new ones.

Pranala Luar (External links)[edit]