Spanish by Choice/SpanishPod newbie lesson A0021/Print version

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A0021: I'm Sleepy[edit source]

Introduction[edit source]

You only get what you ask for (in capitalism at least); thus, you better know how to express your preferences. Sometimes you might even have to give a reason for them. But don't worry, JP and Liliana tell us how. Furthermore, they talk about the many ways of saying good bye. Our keyphrase is tengo sueño – I'm sleepy.

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Dialogue[edit source]

hombre: ¿Quieres salir hoy?
mujer: No, prefiero quedarme en casa.
hombre: ¿Por qué?
mujer: Tengo sueño.
hombre: Ni modo. Nos vemos mañana.
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Dialogue with Translation[edit source]

hombre: ¿Quieres salir hoy?
(you) want go out today
man: Do you want to go out today?
mujer: No, prefiero quedarme en casa.
no (I) prefer stay (myself) in house
woman: No, I prefer to stay at home.
hombre: ¿Por qué?
by what
man: Why?
mujer: Tengo sueño.
(I) have sleep
woman: I'm sleepy.
hombre: Ni modo. Nos vemos mañana.
no way each other (we) see tomorrow
man: Too bad. We see each other tomorrow.
la casa – the house
el sueño – the sleep

Vocabulary for Dialogue[edit | edit source]

el hombre noun (masculine) the man
la mujer noun (feminine) the woman
querer verb (infinitive) to want, to like
(tú) quieres verb (present tense) you want (informal, singular)
salir verb (infinitive) to go out
hoy adverb today
no adverb no
preferir verb (infinitive) to prefer
(yo) prefiero verb (present tense) I prefer
se reflexive pronoun oneself
quedarse verb (infinitive) to stay (oneself)
me reflexive pronoun myself
en preposition in
la casa noun (feminine) the house
en casa phrase at home
¿por qué? adverb why?
tener verb (infinitive) to have
(yo) tengo verb (present tense) I have
el sueño noun (masculine) the sleep
tener sueño phrase to be sleepy
ni modo phrase too bad, no way
nos reflexive pronoun us, each other
ver verb (infinitive) to see
(nosotros/-as) vemos verb (present tense) we see
nos vemos phrase see ya, we see each other
mañana adverb tomorrow

Vocabulary for Audio Lesson[edit | edit source]

nos vemos phrase see ya, we see each other
adiós interjection good bye
hasta luego phrase until later
bye interjection bye
hasta pronto phrase until soon
nos vemos al rato phrase we see each other in a while
ciao interjection bye
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More Vocabulary[edit source]

This section includes grammatically related words. Some of them are required by the exercise Dialogue Recast.

querer infinitive to want
(yo) quiero present tense I want
(tú) quieres you want (informal, singular)
(él/ella) quiere he/she(/it) wants
(usted) quiere you want (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) queremos we want (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) queréis you want (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) quieren they want (m./f.)
(ustedes) quieren you want (formal, plural)
salir infinitive to go out
(yo) salgo present tense I go out
(tú) sales you go out (informal, singular)
(él/ella) sale he/she(/it) goes out
(usted) sale you go out (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) salimos we go out (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) salís you go out (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) salen they go out (m./f.)
(ustedes) salen you go out (formal, plural)
preferir infinitive to prefer
(yo) prefiero present tense I prefer
(tú) prefieres you prefer (informal, singular)
(él/ella) prefiere he/she(/it) prefers
(usted) prefiere you prefer (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) preferimos we prefer (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) preferís you prefer (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) prefieren they prefer (m./f.)
(ustedes) prefieren you prefer (formal, plural)
me reflexive pronoun myself
te yourself (informal, singular)
se himself/herself(/itself)
se yourself (formal, singular)
nos ourselves, each other
os yourselves, each other (informal, plural)
se themselves, each other
se yourselves, each other (formal, plural)
quedarse infinitive to stay (oneself)
(yo) me quedo present tense I stay (myself)
(tú) te quedas you stay (yourself) (informal, singular)
(él/ella) se queda he/she(/it) stays (himself/herself/itself)
(usted) se queda you stay (yourself) (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) nos quedamos we stay (ourselves) (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) os quedáis you stay (yourselves) (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) se quedan they stay (themselves) (m./f.)
(ustedes) se quedan you stay (yourselves) (formal, plural)
tener infinitive to have
(yo) tengo present tense I have
(tú) tienes you have (informal, singular)
(él/ella) tiene he/she(/it) has
(usted) tiene you have (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) tenemos we have (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) tenéis you have (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) tienen they have (m./f.)
(ustedes) tienen you have (formal, plural)
ver infinitive to see
(yo) veo present tense I see
(tú) ves you see (informal, singular)
(él/ella) ve he/she(/it) sees
(usted) ve you see (formal, singular)
(nosotros/-as) vemos we see (m./f.)
(vosotros/-as) veis you see (informal, plural, m./f.)
(ellos/ellas) ven they see (m./f.)
(ustedes) ven you see (formal, plural)
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Dialogue Translation

Cover the right column, translate from Spanish to English and uncover the right column line by line to check your answers. If possible, read the Spanish sentences aloud.

¿Quieres salir hoy? Do you want go out today?
No, prefiero quedarme en casa. No, I prefer to stay at home.
¿Por qué? Why?
Tengo sueño. I'm sleepy.
Ni modo. Nos vemos mañana. Too bad. We see each other tomorrow.

Dialogue Recall

Now translate from English to Spanish. Remember to say the Spanish sentences aloud.

Do you want to go out today? ¿Quieres salir hoy?
No, I prefer to stay at home. No, prefiero quedarme en casa.
Why? ¿Por qué?
I'm sleepy. Tengo sueño.
Too bad. We see each other tomorrow. Ni modo. Nos vemos mañana.

Dialogue Remix

Translate this variant of the dialogue from English to Spanish.

Do you want to go out? ¿Quieres salir?
No, not today. I prefer to go out tomorrow. No, hoy no. Prefiero salir mañana.
You don't want to go out today? ¿No quieres salir hoy?
No. Why don't you want to go out tomorrow? No. ¿Por qué no quieres salir mañana?
I prefer to go out today. Prefiero salir hoy.
Why? ¿Por qué?
Tomorrow I'm sleepy. Mañana tengo sueño.
What? ¿Qué?
I prefer to stay at home tomorrow. Prefiero quedarme en casa mañana.
Too bad. Do we see each other tomorrow? Ni modo. ¿Nos vemos mañana?
No. Good bye. No. Adiós.
See you soon! ¡Hasta pronto!

Dialogue Recast

This translation exercise requires some of the words from the More Vocabulary section.

Do you want to go out today? (plural) ¿Queréis salir hoy?
No, we prefer to stay at home. No, preferimos quedarnos en casa.
Why? ¿Por qué?
We're sleepy. Tenemos sueño.
Too bad. We see each other tomorrow. Ni modo. Nos vemos mañana.

Image Credits

  • “Image:Spain.Barcelona.Casa.Mila.jpg” by Year of the dragon (GNU Free Documentation License)
  • “Image:A.Cortina El sueño.jpg” by J. R. Albelda Cortina (Public Domain)