25% developed


From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Khanda, the symbol of Sikhism.
Khanda, the symbol of Sikhism.

Sikhism is a religion from the Indian sub-continent. It originated in the Punjab region during the 15th century from a sectarian split within the Hindu tradition. Sikhs consider their faith to be a separate religion from Hinduism. Sikhs call their religion Gurmat, which is Punjabi for "way of the guru". The guru is a fundamental aspect of all Indian religions but in Sikhism has taken on an importance that forms the core of Sikh beliefs. The religion was founded in the 15th century by Guru Nanak (1469–1539). There followed in succession a further 10 gurus. Sikhs acknowledge the last physical human body guru to be Guru Gobind Singh (1666–1708). The Sikh's holy book is Guru Granth Sahib (The Granth as the Guru) and this is considered the summation of the ten gurus and their beliefs. The title reflects the Sikh belief that their holy book is now the sole "guru" for guidance and instruction.


Sikh pilgrim at the Golden Temple (Harmandir Sahib) in Amritsar, India.