- Wine (Wine is not an emulator) is an environment which works on Unix-like systems (Linux, Solaris, FreeBSD)
- and can run applications designed for Windows OS.
- I can't say that Wine suits for virtualization applications chapter and it's not an emulator too.
- But I put Wine to the chapter because it makes similar job than virtual machines.
Wine installation - stable version
- 1. It's available in Debian repositories:
apt-get install wine
- 2. To check Wine settings go to: Menu-> System-> Wine Configuration.
Wine installation - development version
- You can try non-stable version if you want.
- 1. First add new repository address:
deb http://www.lamaresh.net/apt sid main
- to file:
- 2. Receive public key:
wget -O - http://www.lamaresh.net/apt/key.gpg | apt-key add -
- 3. And install application:
apt-get install wine
DLL libraries, fonts and other components installation
- To run Windows OS softwares under Wine you need to get some libraries I installed using one of tools:
- "Winetricks" script is available on: http://www.kegel.com/wine/winetricks
- 1. To download it right click on the link and choose: "Save it as..."
- 2. If you don't know what you should install using winetricks, run it in Terminal to open its GUI:
- and choose packages you need.
- 3. Second way to install basic libraries is typing command:
sh winetricks allfonts riched20 richtx32 gecko autohotkey dcom98 d3dx9 mfc40 wsh56 msi2
- 4. Full list available libraries, fonts and applications is here: http://wiki.winehq.org/winetricks
- Good choice to install "Windows" applications with "Wine" is using "PlayOnLinux".
- 1. Installation from repositories:
apt-get install playonlinux
- 2. Run it from Menu-> Applications-> Games-> PlayOnLinux.
- 3. Click on "Install" to open applications list.
- 4. The application is very easy to use, just mark a program to be installed and "Apply" to do so.
Others - not supported
Windows applications installation
- Now you can install Windows applications.
- Just remember that Wine is only an environment simulates Windows OS so you can't run any application.
- There is a list below of applications compatible with Wine.
Wine repositories applications
- Open sources vesion of some applications can be installed using "winetricks", for example:
- "7-zip" archivizer, "divx" and "xvid" codecs, "flash" plugin, "IE6" or "IE7" web browsers
- having command in Terminal, for example:
sh winetricks ie7
- If you downloaded an "exe" software you can install it in two ways:
- 1. In Thunar file manager mark the package and choose from mouse menu: Run with "Wine".
- 2. Or in Terminal (never as root) with the command:
- 3. The installation runs in the same way as under Windows but applications are installed in folder:
- 4. To run an application:
- a. Menu-> Other-> Application name
- b. Open Thunar file manager and go to folder as above and right click on it: Run with "Wine"
- c. Or in Terminal:
wine /home/user_name/.wine/drive_c/Program Files/Application Folder/application.exe
- 5. If you want to uninstall an application, use Wine uninstaller:
- Menu-> System-> Wine Uninstaller then mark the application and click on: Uninstall.
- "msi" applications needs "msi2" package I installed before using "winetricks".
- 1. To install "msi" application:
msiexec /i application_name.msi
- 2. To run the application do the same like for "exe" applications.
- 3. To uninstall it:
msiexec /x application_name.msi
- 4. A list of "msiexec" script commands is here: http://wiki.winehq.org/msiexec
- To be not treated as a writer only I did a few testing installations.
- Not all of theme has been finished successfull but it doesn't mean you can't make it better.
- 1. Internet Explorer 7, installations:
sh winetricks ie7
- a. The application has been installed well but it works without navigations panels. 4.png
- 2. Internet Explorer 6.
- a. I was not happy with IE7, I removed it and tried to install IE6:
sh winetricks ie6
- b. Installator downloaded packages so I egreed with the licence but IE6 did not want to run.
- 3. Next I tried to install "IE6" using "IEs4Linux" script downloaded from: www.tatanka.com
- a. Next extract it and run "ies4linux" script
- b. It'll download and install "IE6" itself
- c. The effect is the same as last time - negative.
- 3. Winamp - has been installed and works very well.
I want to say that very clear - I installed random applications.
Installation problems on my computer don't mean that it'll be the same on yours.
The best way to find out is checking it yourself.
- Wine home page: http://www.winehq.org/
- Wine on Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wine_%28software%29
- Wine Wiki page: http://wiki.winehq.org/
- WineTools page: http://www.von-thadden.de/Joachim/WineTools/
- Wine-doors page: http://wddb.wine-doors.org/
- Winetricks page: http://wiki.winehq.org/winetricks
- Applications list compatible with Wine: http://appdb.winehq.org/
- IEs4Linux page: http://www.tatanka.com.br/ies4linux/page/Main_Page