Ring/Lessons/Security and Internet Functions

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Security and Internet Functions[edit]

This chapter contains the security and internet functions provided by the Ring programming language for Hashing, Encryption & Decryption.

  • MD5()
  • SHA1()
  • SHA256()
  • SHA512()
  • SHA384()
  • SHA224()
  • Encrypt()
  • Decrypt()
  • Randbytes()
  • Download()
  • SendEmail()

MD5() Function[edit]

We can calculate the MD5 hash using the MD5() Function

Syntax:

	MD5(cString) ---> String contains the MD5 hash of the string cString

Example:

	see "md5('happy') = " + md5("happy") + nl +
	    "md5('Hello') = " + md5("Hello") + nl

Output:

	md5('happy') = 56ab24c15b72a457069c5ea42fcfc640
	md5('Hello') = 8b1a9953c4611296a827abf8c47804d7

SHA1() Function[edit]

We can calculate the SHA1 hash using the SHA1() Function

Syntax:

	SHA1(cString) ---> String contains the SHA1 hash of the string cString

Example:

	see "sha1('hello') : " + sha1("hello") + nl +
	    "sha1('apple') : " + sha1("apple") + nl

Output:

	sha1('hello') : aaf4c61ddcc5e8a2dabede0f3b482cd9aea9434d
	sha1('apple') : d0be2dc421be4fcd0172e5afceea3970e2f3d940

SHA256() Function[edit]

We can calculate the SHA256 hash using the SHA256() Function

Syntax:

	SHA256(cString) ---> String contains the SHA256 hash of the string cString


Example:

	see "sha256('hello') : " + sha256("hello") + nl +
	    "sha256('apple') : " + sha256("apple") + nl

Output:

	sha256('hello') : 2cf24dba5fb0a30e26e83b2ac5b9e29e1b161e5c1fa7425e73043362938b9824
	sha256('apple') : 3a7bd3e2360a3d29eea436fcfb7e44c735d117c42d1c1835420b6b9942dd4f1b

SHA512() Function[edit]

We can calculate the SHA512 hash using the SHA512() Function

Syntax:

	SHA512(cString) ---> String contains the SHA512 hash of the string cString

Example:

	see "sha512('hello') : " + sha512("hello") + nl +
	    "sha512('apple') : " + sha512("apple") + nl +
	    "sha512('hello world') : " + sha512("hello world") + nl

Output:

	sha512('hello') : 9b71d224bd62f3785d96d46ad3ea3d73319bfbc2890caadae2dff72519673c
	a72323c3d99ba5c11d7c7acc6e14b8c5da0c4663475c2e5c3adef46f73bcdec043
	sha512('apple') : 844d8779103b94c18f4aa4cc0c3b4474058580a991fba85d3ca698a0bc9e52
	c5940feb7a65a3a290e17e6b23ee943ecc4f73e7490327245b4fe5d5efb590feb2
	sha512('hello world') : 309ecc489c12d6eb4cc40f50c902f2b4d0ed77ee511a7c7a9bcd3ca8
	6d4cd86f989dd35bc5ff499670da34255b45b0cfd830e81f605dcf7dc5542e93ae9cd76f

SHA384() Function[edit]

We can calculate the SHA384 hash using the SHA384() Function

Syntax:

	SHA384(cString) ---> String contains the SHA384 hash of the string cString

Example:

	see "sha384('hello') : " + sha384("hello") + nl +
	    "sha384('apple') : " + sha384("apple") + nl +
	    "sha384('hello world') : " + sha384("hello world") + nl

Output:

	sha384('hello') : 59e1748777448c69de6b800d7a33bbfb9ff1b463e44354c3553bcdb9c666fa
	90125a3c79f90397bdf5f6a13de828684f
	sha384('apple') : 3d8786fcb588c93348756c6429717dc6c374a14f7029362281a3b21dc10250
	ddf0d0578052749822eb08bc0dc1e68b0f
	sha384('hello world') : fdbd8e75a67f29f701a4e040385e2e23986303ea10239211af907fcb
	b83578b3e417cb71ce646efd0819dd8c088de1bd

SHA224() Function[edit]

We can calculate the SHA224 hash using the SHA224() Function

Syntax:

	SHA224(cString) ---> String contains the SHA224 hash of the string cString

Example:

	see "sha224('hello') : " + sha224("hello") + nl + 
	    "sha224('apple') : " + sha224("apple") + nl +
	    "sha224('hello world') : " + sha224("hello world") + nl

Output:

	sha224('hello') : ea09ae9cc6768c50fcee903ed054556e5bfc8347907f12598aa24193
	sha224('apple') : b7bbfdf1a1012999b3c466fdeb906a629caa5e3e022428d1eb702281
	sha224('hello world') : 2f05477fc24bb4faefd86517156dafdecec45b8ad3cf2522a563582b

Encrypt() Function[edit]

We can use the Encrypt() function to encrypts the data using the Blowfish algorithm.

Syntax:

	Encrypt(cString, cKey, cIV) ---> Encrypted string

Decrypt() Function[edit]

We can use the Decrypt() function to decrypt the data encrypted using the Encrypt() function.

Syntax:

	Decrypt(cCipher, cKey, cIV) ---> Decrypted string

Encryption and Decryption Example[edit]

The next example demonstrates how to use the Encrypt() and Decrypt() functions.

These functions use the Blowfish algorithm.

	See "Enter a string : " give cStr
	list = 0:15  cKey=""    for x in list cKey += char(x) next
	list = 1:8   cIV = ""   for x in list cIV += char(x) next
	cStr = Encrypt(cStr,cKey,cIV) 
	See "Cipher Text    : " + cStr + nl +
	    "Plain Text     : " + Decrypt(cStr,cKey,cIV) + nl

File Hash[edit]

The next example demonstrates how to calculate the hash functions for files

	cStr = read("myapp.exe")
	see "Size : " + len(cStr) + nl +
	    "md5 : " + md5(cStr) + nl +
	    "sha1 : " + sha1(cStr) + nl +
	    "sha256 : " + sha256(cStr) + nl +
	    "sha224 : " + sha224(cStr) + nl +
	    "sha384 : " + sha384(cStr) + nl +
	    "sha512 : " + sha512(cStr) + nl

Output:

	Size : 58079876
	md5 : 762eee15d8d2fd73b71ea52538b28667
	sha1 : 9212c0c7258bad89a62bd239e1358a9276a9d070
	sha256 : 7d6724e69b6c553da749ba31b6185dddc965129b64d9e9bf3de88f67df3b1cdc
	sha224 : 5a9c8a7d662bce4f880ba94f90a79362b672528b9efd5abc718c7a3d
	sha384 : 18e23f973abedbeb3981c423f12aeadecf96f9c6fb28aeabe3be4c484f8540afcc3861b
	b370ce2b59cf3c99c130b856b
	sha512 : da3d5e997d06f8b2a7a9964b77f7d82eedb76b245c611082c1639f83f51d83880bcd08f
	cd53dcab1167bdca0b82fec5071971ac17c76479d76985ced4ab0d18e

Randbytes() Function[edit]

We can generate a string of pseudo-random bytes using the Randbytes() function.

Syntax:

	Randbytes(nSize) ---> String contains random bytes (bytes count = nSize)

Example:

	salt =  randbytes(32) 
	password = "SecretPassWord@$%123"
	see salt + nl
	see sha256("test" + salt) + nl

Download() Function[edit]

Syntax:

	Download(cURL) ---> String contains the server response

Example:

	cStr= download("http://doublesvsoop.sourceforge.net/")
	see cStr
	write("download.txt",cStr)

SendEmail() Function[edit]

Syntax:

	SendEmail(cSMTPServer,cEmail,cPassword,cSender,cReceiver,cCC,cTitle,cContent)

Example:

	See "Send email..." + nl
	sendemail("smtp://smtp.gmail.com:587",
		"email@gmail.com",
		"password",
		"email@gmail.com",
		"somebody@yahoo.com",
		"somebodyelse@yahoo.com",
		"Sending email from Ring",
		"Hello
		 How are you?
		 Are you fine?
		 Thank you!
		 Greetings,
		 Mahmoud")
	see "Done.." + nl