Ring/Lessons/Embedding Ring Interpreter in C/C++ Programs

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Embedding Ring Interpreter in C/C++ Programs[edit]

We can call the Ring interpreter from C/C++ programs using the next functions

	RingState *ring_state_init();
	ring_state_runcode(RingState *pState,const char *cCode);
	ring_state_delete(RingState *pState);



Ring State[edit]

The idea is to use the ring_state_init() to create new state for the Ring Interpreter then call the ring_state_runcode() function to execut Ring code using the same state. When we are done, we call the ring_state_delete() to free the memory.

Example:

	#include "ring.h"
	#include "stdlib.h"
	int main(int argc, char *argv[])
	{	
	  RingState *pState = ring_state_init();
	  printf("welcome\n");
	  ring_state_runcode(pState,"see 'hello world from the ring programming language'+nl");
	  ring_state_delete(pState);
	}

Output:

	welcome
	hello world from the ring programming language



Ring State Functions[edit]

The Ring API comes with the next functions to create and delete the state. Also we have functions to create new variables and get variables values.

	RingState * ring_state_init ( void ) ;
	RingState * ring_state_delete ( RingState *pRingState ) ;
	void ring_state_runcode ( RingState *pRingState,const char *cStr ) ;
	List * ring_state_findvar ( RingState *pRingState,const char *cStr ) ;
	List * ring_state_newvar ( RingState *pRingState,const char *cStr ) ;
	void ring_state_main ( int argc, char *argv[] ) ;
	void ring_state_runfile ( RingState *pRingState,const char *cFileName ) ;



Ring State Variables[edit]

We can create more than one ring state in the same program and we can create and modify variable values.

To get the variable list we can use the ring_state_findvar() function.

To create new variable we can use the ring_state_newvar() function.

Example:

	#include "ring.h"
	#include "stdlib.h"
	
	int main(int argc, char *argv[])
	{
	  List *pList;

  	  RingState *pState = ring_state_init();
	  RingState *pState2 = ring_state_init();

	  printf("welcome\n");
	  ring_state_runcode(pState,"see 'hello world from the ring programming language'+nl");

	  printf("Again from C we will call ring code\n");
	  ring_state_runcode(pState,"for x = 1 to 10 see x + nl next");

	  ring_state_runcode(pState2,"for x = 1 to 5 see x + nl next");

	  printf("Now we will display the x variable value from ring code\n");
	  ring_state_runcode(pState,"see 'x value : ' + x + nl ");
	  ring_state_runcode(pState2,"see 'x value : ' + x + nl ");

	  pList = ring_state_findvar(pState,"x");

	  printf("Printing Ring variable value from C , %.0f\n",
		  	ring_list_getdouble(pList,RING_VAR_VALUE));

	  printf("now we will set the ring variable value from C\n");
	  ring_list_setdouble(pList,RING_VAR_VALUE,20);

	  ring_state_runcode(pState,"see 'x value after update : ' + x + nl ");

	  pList = ring_state_newvar(pState,"v1");
	  ring_list_setdouble(pList,RING_VAR_VALUE,10);	

	  pList = ring_state_newvar(pState,"v2");
	  ring_list_setdouble(pList,RING_VAR_VALUE,20);

	  ring_state_runcode(pState,"see 'v1 + v2 = ' see v1+v2 see nl");

	  ring_state_runcode(pState,"see 'end of test' + nl");

	  ring_state_delete(pState);
	  ring_state_delete(pState2);
	}

Output:

	welcome
	hello world from the ring programming language
	Again from C we will call ring code
	1
	2
	3
	4
	5
	6
	7
	8
	9
	10
	1
	2
	3
	4
	5
	Now we will display the x variable value from ring code
	x value : 11
	x value : 6
	Printing Ring variable value from C , 11
	now we will set the ring variable value from C
	x value after update : 20
	v1 + v2 = 30
	end of test