Ring/Lessons/Date and Time

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Date and Time[edit]

In this chapter we are going to learn about the date and time functions.



Clock() Function[edit]

Syntax:

	 Clock() ---> The number of clock ticks from program start

Example:

	
	See "Calculate performance" + nl
	t1 = clock()
	for x = 1 to 1000000 next
	see clock() - t1



Time() Function[edit]

We can get the system time using the Time() function.

Example:

	
	See "Time : " + time()



Date() Function[edit]

We can get the date using the Date() function.

Syntax:

	 Date() ---> String represent the date "dd/mm/yyyy"

Example:

	See "Date : " + date()  # Date : 24/05/2015



TimeList() Function[edit]

We can print the date and the time information using the TimeList() function.

Syntax:

	TimeList() ---> List contains the time and date information.

The next table presents the list items

======  ===================================
index	value
======	===================================
1		abbreviated weekday name 
2		full weekday name
3		abbreviated month name
4		full month name
5		Date & Time
6		Day of the month
7		Hour (24)
8		Hour (12)
9		Day of the year
10		Month of the year
11		Minutes after hour
12		AM or PM
13		Seconds after the hour
14		Week of the year (sun-sat)
15		day of the week
16		date
17		time
18		year of the century		
19		year
20		time zone
21		percent sign
======	===================================

Example:

	/* Output:
	** Sun			abbreviated weekday name 
	** Sunday		full weekday name
	** May			abbreviated month name
	** May			full month name
	** 05/24/15 09:58:38	Date & Time
	** 24			Day of the month
	** 09			Hour (24)
	** 09			Hour (12)
	** 144			Day of the year
	** 05			Month of the year
	** 58			Minutes after hour
	** AM			AM or PM
	** 38			Seconds after the hour
	** 21			Week of the year (sun-sat)
	** 0			day of the week
	** 05/24/15		date
	** 09:58:38		time
	** 15			year of the century		
	** 2015			year
	** Arab Standard Time	time zone
	** %			percent sign
	*/
	
	See TimeList()

Example:

	See "Day Name : " + TimeList()[2]	# Sunday

Example:

	See "Month Name : " + TimeList()[4]	# May



AddDays() Function[edit]

Syntax:

	AddDays(cDate,nDays) ---> Date from cDate and after nDays

Example:

	cDate = date()
	see cDate + nl			# 24/05/2015
	cDate = adddays(cDate,10)
	see cDate + nl			# 03/06/2015



DiffDays() Function[edit]

Syntax:

	DiffDays(cDate1,cDate2) ---> number of days (Date1 - Date2)

Example:

	cDate1 = date()
	see cDate1 + nl						# 24/05/2015
	cDate2 = adddays(cDate1,10)
	see cDate2 + nl						# 03/06/2015
	see "DiffDays = " + diffdays(cDate1,cDate2) + nl	# -10
	see "DiffDays = " + diffdays(cDate2,cDate1) + nl	# 10