Ring/Lessons/Code Generator for wrapping C/C++ Libraries

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Code Generator for wrapping C/C++ Libraries[edit]

In this chapter we will learn how to use the code generator to wrap C/C++ Libraries to use it in our Ring applications.



Using the tool[edit]

The code generator program is parsec.ring that can be executed as any ring code using the ring interpreter.

for example to read a configuration file called test.cf to generate the source code file test.c run parsec.ring as in the next command

	ring parsec.ring test.cf test.c



Configuration file[edit]

The configuration file (*.cf) is the input file that we pass to the code generator. This file determine the functions prototypes that we need to use from a C/C++ library.

Writing configuration files is simple according to the next rules



Using the function prototype[edit]

  • To generate code that wraps a C function, we just write the C function prototype

Example:

	ALLEGRO_DISPLAY *al_create_display(int w, int h)
	void al_destroy_display(ALLEGRO_DISPLAY *display)
	int al_get_new_display_flags(void)
	void al_set_new_display_flags(int flags)
	int al_get_new_display_option(int option, int *importance)

The previous example will guide the code generator to generate five functions that wrap the al_create_display(), al_destroy_display(), al_get_new_display_flags(), al_set_new_display_flags() and al_get_new_display_option() functions.

The generated code will be as in the next example

	RING_FUNC(ring_al_create_display)
	{
		if ( RING_API_PARACOUNT != 2 ) {
			RING_API_ERROR(RING_API_MISS2PARA);
			return ;
		}
		if ( ! RING_API_ISNUMBER(1) ) {
			RING_API_ERROR(RING_API_BADPARATYPE);
			return ;
		}
		if ( ! RING_API_ISNUMBER(2) ) {
			RING_API_ERROR(RING_API_BADPARATYPE);
			return ;
		}
		RING_API_RETCPOINTER(al_create_display( (int ) RING_API_GETNUMBER(1),
					 (int ) RING_API_GETNUMBER(2)),"ALLEGRO_DISPLAY");
	}

	RING_FUNC(ring_al_destroy_display)
	{
	  if ( RING_API_PARACOUNT != 1 ) {
		RING_API_ERROR(RING_API_MISS1PARA);
		return ;
	  }
	  if ( ! RING_API_ISPOINTER(1) ) {
		RING_API_ERROR(RING_API_BADPARATYPE);
		return ;
	  }
	  al_destroy_display((ALLEGRO_DISPLAY *) RING_API_GETCPOINTER(1,"ALLEGRO_DISPLAY"));
	}


	RING_FUNC(ring_al_get_new_display_flags)
	{
		if ( RING_API_PARACOUNT != 0 ) {
			RING_API_ERROR(RING_API_BADPARACOUNT);
			return ;
		}
		RING_API_RETNUMBER(al_get_new_display_flags());
	}


	RING_FUNC(ring_al_set_new_display_flags)
	{
		if ( RING_API_PARACOUNT != 1 ) {
			RING_API_ERROR(RING_API_MISS1PARA);
			return ;
		}
		if ( ! RING_API_ISNUMBER(1) ) {
			RING_API_ERROR(RING_API_BADPARATYPE);
			return ;
		}
		al_set_new_display_flags( (int ) RING_API_GETNUMBER(1));
	}


	RING_FUNC(ring_al_get_new_display_option)
	{
		if ( RING_API_PARACOUNT != 2 ) {
			RING_API_ERROR(RING_API_MISS2PARA);
			return ;
		}
		if ( ! RING_API_ISNUMBER(1) ) {
			RING_API_ERROR(RING_API_BADPARATYPE);
			return ;
		}
		if ( ! RING_API_ISSTRING(2) ) {
			RING_API_ERROR(RING_API_BADPARATYPE);
			return ;
		}
		RING_API_RETNUMBER(al_get_new_display_option( (int ) RING_API_GETNUMBER(1),
					RING_API_GETINTPOINTER(2)));
		RING_API_ACCEPTINTVALUE(2) ;
	}

from the previous example we can see how much of time and effort is saved using the Code Generator.

Adding code to the generated code[edit]

  • To generate code directly type it between and

Example :

	<code>
		/* some C code will be written here */
	</code>

We use this feature when we need to do something without the help of the code generator. for example including header files and defining constants using Macro.



Prefix for Functions Names[edit]

  • To determine a prefix in all of the functions names type it between <funcstart> and </funcstart>

for example when we wrap the Allegro game programming library and we need all of the library functions to start with "al" we type the next code in the configuration file

	<funcstart>
	al
	</funcstart>



Generate function to wrap structures[edit]

  • To generate functions that wrap structures (create/delete/get structure members)

just type the structures names between <struct> and </struct> also after the structure name you can type the structure members between { } separated by comma.

Example

	<struct>
	ALLEGRO_COLOR
	ALLEGRO_EVENT { type , keyboard.keycode , mouse.x , mouse.y }
	</struct>

from the previous example we will generate two function to create/delete the structure ALLEGRO_COLOR Also we will generate two functions to create/delete the structure ALLEGRO_EVENT and four functions to get the structure ALLEGRO_EVENT members (type, keyboard.keycode, mouse.x, mouse.y).



Register New Functions[edit]

We can register functions by typing the function prototype between <register> and </register> We need this feature only when we don't provide the function prototype as input directly where we need to write the code of this function.

Example:

	<register>
	void al_exit(void)
	</register>

	<code>
	RING_FUNC(ring_al_exit)
	{
		if ( RING_API_PARACOUNT != 0 ) {
			RING_API_ERROR(RING_API_BADPARACOUNT);
			return ;
	}
	exit(0);
	}
	</code>

In the previous example we register the al_exit() function. This function is not part of the Allegro Library, it's just an extra function that we need to add. Then the code if this function is written inside and . This function call the exit() function from the C language library.

Writing comments in the configuration file[edit]

  • To type comments just type it between <comment> and </comment>

Example:

	<comment>
	configuration files
	</comment>



Executing code during code generation[edit]

  • To ask from the code generator to execute Ring code during reading the configuration file, just

write the code between <runcode> and </runcode>

Example:

	<runcode>
	aNumberTypes + "al_fixed"
	</runcode>

The previoud line of code add the string "al_fixed" to the list aNumberTypes, This list contains types that can be considered as numbers when the code generator find it in the function prototype.



Configuration file for the Allegro Library[edit]

The next configuration file enable us to use the Allegro library functions. The configuration file size is less than 1000 lines. when the code generator take this file as input the generated source code file in the C language will be 12000 lines of code!

We can see this configuration file as a complete example about using the code generator Also we can use it to know the functions that can be used from RingAllegro when you use it to create 2D games!

	<code>
	#define ALLEGRO_NO_MAGIC_MAIN

	#include <allegro5/allegro.h>
	#include "allegro5/allegro_image.h"
	#include <allegro5/allegro_font.h>
	#include <allegro5/allegro_ttf.h>
	#include <allegro5/allegro_audio.h>
	#include <allegro5/allegro_acodec.h>
	#include <allegro5/allegro_opengl.h>
	#include <allegro5/allegro_direct3d.h>
	#include <allegro5/allegro_color.h>
	#include <allegro5/allegro_memfile.h>
	#include "allegro5/allegro_native_dialog.h"
	#include <allegro5/allegro_physfs.h>
	#include <allegro5/allegro_primitives.h>
	</code>

	<funcstart>
	al
	</funcstart>

	<struct>
	ALLEGRO_EVENT { type , keyboard.keycode , mouse.x , mouse.y }
	ALLEGRO_TIMEOUT
	ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_ID
	ALLEGRO_COLOR
	</struct>

	<register>
	void al_exit(void)
	</register>

	<code>
	RING_FUNC(ring_al_exit)
	{
		if ( RING_API_PARACOUNT != 0 ) {
			RING_API_ERROR(RING_API_BADPARACOUNT);
			return ;
		}
		exit(0);
	}
	</code>

	int al_init(void)

	<comment>
	configuration files
	</comment>

	<runcode>
	aNumberTypes + "al_fixed"
	</runcode>

	ALLEGRO_CONFIG *al_create_config(void)
	void al_destroy_config(ALLEGRO_CONFIG *config)
	ALLEGRO_CONFIG *al_load_config_file(const char *filename)
	ALLEGRO_CONFIG *al_load_config_file_f(ALLEGRO_FILE *file)
	bool al_save_config_file(const char *filename, const ALLEGRO_CONFIG *config)
	bool al_save_config_file_f(ALLEGRO_FILE *file, const ALLEGRO_CONFIG *config)
	void al_add_config_section(ALLEGRO_CONFIG *config, const char *name)

.. note:: we just provided part of the configuration file, for complete copy check the Ring source

   code distribution.

Threads Support[edit]

Next, another part of the configutaiton file, it's important because we can learn from it how to add threads to our Ring applications by using a threads library.

The idea is using ring_vm_mutexfunctions() and ring_vm_runcodefromthread() to execute Ring code.

	<comment>
	Threads
	</comment>

	<code>
	void *al_func_thread(ALLEGRO_THREAD *thread, void *pPointer) 
	{  
		List *pList;
		VM *pVM;
		const char *cStr;
		pList = (List *) pPointer ;
		pVM = (VM *) ring_list_getpointer(pList,2);
		cStr = ring_list_getstring(pList,1);
		ring_vm_runcodefromthread(pVM,cStr);	
		ring_list_delete(pList);
		return NULL;
	}

	RING_FUNC(ring_al_create_thread)
	{
		ALLEGRO_THREAD *pThread;
		List *pList;
		if ( RING_API_PARACOUNT != 1 ) {
			RING_API_ERROR(RING_API_MISS1PARA);
			return ;
		}
		if ( ! RING_API_ISSTRING(1) ) {
			RING_API_ERROR(RING_API_BADPARATYPE);
			return ;
		}	
		pList = ring_list_new(0);
		ring_list_addstring(pList,RING_API_GETSTRING(1));
		ring_list_addpointer(pList,pPointer);
		ring_vm_mutexfunctions((VM *) pPointer,al_create_mutex,
			al_lock_mutex,al_unlock_mutex,al_destroy_mutex);
		pThread = al_create_thread(al_func_thread, pList);
		al_start_thread(pThread);
		RING_API_RETCPOINTER(pThread,"ALLEGRO_THREAD");	
	}

	RING_FUNC(ring_al_run_detached_thread)
	{
		List *pList;
		if ( RING_API_PARACOUNT != 1 ) {
			RING_API_ERROR(RING_API_MISS1PARA);
			return ;
		}
		if ( ! RING_API_ISSTRING(1) ) {
			RING_API_ERROR(RING_API_BADPARATYPE);
			return ;
		}	
		pList = ring_list_new(0);
		ring_list_addstring(pList,RING_API_GETSTRING(1));
		ring_list_addpointer(pList,pPointer);
		ring_vm_mutexfunctions((VM *) pPointer,al_create_mutex,
			al_lock_mutex,al_unlock_mutex,al_destroy_mutex);
		al_run_detached_thread(al_func_thread, pList);
	}
	</code>

	<register>
	ALLEGRO_THREAD *al_create_thread(void)
	void al_run_detached_thread(void)
	</register>

	void al_start_thread(ALLEGRO_THREAD *thread)
	void al_join_thread(ALLEGRO_THREAD *thread, void **ret_value)
	void al_set_thread_should_stop(ALLEGRO_THREAD *thread)
	bool al_get_thread_should_stop(ALLEGRO_THREAD *thread)
	void al_destroy_thread(ALLEGRO_THREAD *thread)
	ALLEGRO_MUTEX *al_create_mutex(void)
	ALLEGRO_MUTEX *al_create_mutex_recursive(void)
	void al_lock_mutex(ALLEGRO_MUTEX *mutex)
	void al_unlock_mutex(ALLEGRO_MUTEX *mutex)
	void al_destroy_mutex(ALLEGRO_MUTEX *mutex)
	ALLEGRO_COND *al_create_cond(void)
	void al_destroy_cond(ALLEGRO_COND *cond)
	void al_wait_cond(ALLEGRO_COND *cond, ALLEGRO_MUTEX *mutex)

Code Generator Rules for Wrapping C++ Classes[edit]

  • We can define classes between <class> and </class>
  • Between <class> and <class> we set attributes like "name, nonew, para, parent, codename, passvmpointer and abstract"
  • we set the attributes using the style attributename:value or attributename only if no values are required
  • The "name" attribute determine the class name in C++ code and this name will be the default name in the Ring code
  • The nonew instruction means that we don't need new/delete methods
  • The parent attribute determine the parent class name
  • The codename attribute determine another class name in C++ code
  • The passvmpoint instruction means passing the Ring VM pointer to the class constructor when we create new objects, this happens when we set the codename attribute to a class the we will define and this class need the Virtual Machine pointer (for example to use it to execute Ring code from C++ code).
  • The abstract instruction means that no new method is required for this class "no objects will be created".
  • Using <nodllstartup> we can avoid #include "ring.h", We need this to write our startup code.
  • Using <libinitfunc> we can change the function name that register the library functions
  • Using <ignorecpointertype> we can ignore pointer type check
  • Using the aStringTypes list when can defined new types that treated like const char *
  • Using the aBeforeReturn list when can define code that is inserted after the variable name when we return that variable from a function
  • Using the aNewMethodName list we can define another method name to be used in Ring code when we call the C++ method. this feature is required because some C++ method may be identical to Ring Keywords like "load","next","end" and "done".

Using configuration file that wrap C++ Library[edit]

To run the code generator to generate code for using C++ library in the Ring application, we can do that as we did with using C libraries but here we will generate *.cpp file instead of *.c file. Also we will determine another file to be generated (*.ring). This file will contains classes in Ring code that wraps C++ functions for using C++ classes and objects.

	ring parsec.ring qt.cf ring_qt.cpp ring_qt.ring



Configuration file for the Qt Framework[edit]

The next configuration file is used to wrap many Qt classes The configuration file is around 3500 lines and generate C++ code around 56000 lines and generate also Ring code around 9000 lines.

	<nodllstartup>

	<libinitfunc> ring_qt_start

	<ignorecpointertype>

	<code>

	extern "C" {
		#include "ring.h"
	}

	#include "ring_qt.h"
	#include "gpushbutton.h"
	#include "gaction.h"
	#include "glineedit.h"
	#include "gtextedit.h"
	#include "glistwidget.h"
	#include "gtreeview.h"
	#include "gtreewidget.h"
	#include "gcombobox.h"
	#include "gtabwidget.h"
	#include "gtablewidget.h"
	#include "gprogressbar.h"
	#include "gspinbox.h"
	#include "gslider.h"
	#include "gdial.h"
	#include "gwebview.h"
	#include "gcheckbox.h"
	#include "gradiobutton.h"
	#include "gbuttongroup.h"
	#include "gvideowidget.h"
	#include "gtimer.h"
	#include "gtcpserver.h"
	#include "giodevice.h"
	#include "gabstractsocket.h"
	#include "gtcpsocket.h"
	#include "gcolordialog.h"
	#include "gallevents.h"
	#include <QApplication>
	#include <QObject>
	#include <QWidget>
	#include <QLabel>
	#include <QPixmap>
	#include <QIcon>
	#include <QSize>
	#include <QPushButton>
	#include <QMainWindow>
	#include <QVBoxLayout>
	#include <QHBoxLayout>
	#include <QLineEdit>
	#include <QTextEdit>
	#include <QListWidget>
	#include <QTreeView>
	#include <QDir>
	#include <QFileSystemModel>
	#include <QTreeWidget>
	#include <QTreeWidgetItem>
	#include <QComboBox>
	#include <QVariant>
	#include <QMenuBar>
	#include <QMenu>
	#include <QToolBar>
	#include <QMainWindow>
	#include <QStatusBar>
	#include <QDockWidget>
	#include <QTabWidget>
	#include <QTableWidget>
	#include <QTableWidgetItem>
	#include <QSizePolicy>
	#include <QFrame>
	#include <QAbstractScrollArea>
	#include <QAbstractItemView>
	#include <QProgressBar>
	#include <QSpinBox>
	#include <QSlider>
	#include <QAbstractSlider>
	#include <QDateEdit>
	#include <QDateTimeEdit>
	#include <QAbstractSpinBox>
	#include <QDial>
	#include <QWebView>
	#include <QUrl>
	#include <QCheckBox>
	#include <QRadioButton>
	#include <QButtonGroup>
	#include <QMediaPlayer>
	#include <QMediaPlaylist>
	#include <QVideoWidget>
	#include <QPrinter>
	#include <QAction>
	#include <QEvent>
	#include <QMessageBox>
	#include <QTimer>
	#include <QFileDialog>
	#include <QPainter>
	#include <QPicture>
	#include <QPen>
	#include <QColor>
	#include <QPrinter>
	#include <QFont>
	#include <QWebSettings>
	#include <QBrush>
	#include <QByteArray>
	#include <QIODevice>
	#include <QAbstractSocket>
	#include <QTcpSocket>
	#include <QTcpServer>
	#include <QNetworkProxy>
	#include <QHostAddress>
	#include <QHostInfo>
	#include <QList>
	#include <QFileInfo>
	#include <QDirModel>
	#include <QModelIndex>
	#include <QFontDialog>
	#include <QDialog>
	#include <QTextCursor>
	#include <QTextBlock>
	#include <QTextDocumentFragment>
	#include <QColorDialog>
	#include <QHeaderView>
	#include <QStringList>
	#include <QKeySequence>
	#include <QLCDNumber>
	#include <QInputDialog>
	#include <QDesktopWidget>
	#include <QRect>
	#include <QTextDocument>

	extern "C" {

		#define RING_DLL __declspec(dllexport)

		RING_DLL void ringlib_init(RingState *pRingState)
		{

			new QApplication(pRingState->argc,pRingState->argv);
			ring_qt_start(pRingState) ;
		}

	}
	</code>


	<runcode>
	aStringTypes + "QString"
	aBeforeReturn + ["QString",".toStdString().c_str()"]
	aNewMethodName + ["QWebView","load","loadpage"]
	aNewMethodName + ["QMediaPlaylist","load","loadfile"]
	aNewMethodName + ["QMediaPlaylist","next","movenext"]
	aNewMethodName + ["QPainter","end","endpaint"]
	aNewMethodName + ["QPicture","load","loadfile"]
	aNewMethodName + ["QLineEdit","end","endtext"]
	aNewMethodName + ["QDialog","done","donedialog"]
	aNewMethodName + ["QTextDocument","end","enddoc"]
	aNewMethodName + ["QTextBlock","next","nextblock"]
	</runcode>

	<class>
	name: qApp
	nonew
	</class>

	<register>
	void exec(void)
	void quit(void)
	void processEvents(void)
	</register>

	<code>

	RING_FUNC(ring_qApp_quit)
	{
		qApp->quit();
	}

	RING_FUNC(ring_qApp_exec)
	{
		qApp->exec();
	}

	RING_FUNC(ring_qApp_processEvents)
	{
		qApp->processEvents();
	}

	</code>

	<class>
	name: QObject
	para: void
	</class>

	bool blockSignals(bool block)
	QObjectList children(void)
	void dumpObjectInfo(void)
	void dumpObjectTree(void)
	bool inherits(const char *className)
	void installEventFilter(QObject *filterObj)
	bool isWidgetType(void)
	void killTimer(int id)
	void moveToThread(QThread *targetThread)
	QString objectName(void)
	QObject *parent(void)
	QVariant property(const char *name)
	void removeEventFilter(QObject *obj)
	void setObjectName(QString)
	void setParent(QObject *parent)
	bool setProperty(const char *name, QVariant)
	bool signalsBlocked(void)
	int startTimer(int interval)
	QThread *thread(void)
	void deleteLater(void)

	<class>
	name: QWidget
	para: void
	parent: QObject
	</class>

	bool acceptDrops(void)
	QString accessibleDescription(void)
	QString accessibleName(void)
	void activateWindow(void)
	void addAction(QAction *action)
	void adjustSize(void)
	bool autoFillBackground(void)
	int backgroundRole(void)
	QSize baseSize(void)
	QWidget *childAt(int x, int y)
	QRect childrenRect(void)
	QRegion childrenRegion(void)
	void clearFocus(void)
	void clearMask(void)
	QMargins contentsMargins(void)
	QRect contentsRect(void)
	int contextMenuPolicy(void)
	QCursor cursor(void)
	int effectiveWinId(void)
	void ensurePolished(void)
	int focusPolicy(void)
	QWidget *focusProxy(void)
	QWidget *focusWidget(void)
	QFont font(void)
	QFontInfo fontInfo(void)
	QFontMetrics fontMetrics(void)
	int foregroundRole(void)
	QRect frameGeometry(void)
	QSize frameSize(void)
	QRect geometry(void)
	void getContentsMargins(int *left, int *top, int *right, int *bottom)
	void grabGesture(int gesture, int flags)
	void grabKeyboard(void)
	void grabMouse(void)
	int grabShortcut(QKeySequence , int context)
	QGraphicsEffect *graphicsEffect(void)
	QGraphicsProxyWidget *graphicsProxyWidget(void)
	bool hasFocus(void)
	bool hasMouseTracking(void)
	int height(void)
	int heightForWidth(int w)
	int inputMethodHints(void)
	QVariant inputMethodQuery(int query)
	void insertAction(QAction *before, QAction *action)
	bool isActiveWindow(void)
	bool isAncestorOf(QWidget *child)
	bool isEnabled(void)
	bool isEnabledTo(QWidget *ancestor)
	bool isFullScreen(void)
	bool isHidden(void)
	bool isMaximized(void)
	bool isMinimized(void)
	bool isModal(void)
	bool isVisible(void)
	bool isVisibleTo(QWidget *ancestor)
	bool isWindow(void)
	bool isWindowModified(void)
	QLayout *layout(void)
	int layoutDirection(void)
	QLocale locale(void)
	QPoint mapFrom(QWidget *parent, QPoint)
	QPoint mapFromGlobal(QPoint)
	QPoint mapFromParent(QPoint)
	QPoint mapTo(QWidget *parent, QPoint)
	QPoint mapToGlobal(QPoint pos)
	QPoint mapToParent(QPoint pos)
	QRegion mask(void)
	int maximumHeight(void)
	QSize maximumSize(void)
	int maximumWidth(void)
	int minimumHeight(void)
	QSize minimumSize(void)
	int minimumWidth(void)
	void move(int x, int y)
	QWidget *nativeParentWidget(void)
	QWidget *nextInFocusChain(void)
	QRect normalGeometry(void)
	void overrideWindowFlags(int flags)
	QPalette palette(void)
	QWidget *parentWidget(void)
	QPoint pos(void)
	QWidget *previousInFocusChain(void)
	QRect rect(void)
	void releaseKeyboard(void)
	void releaseMouse(void)
	void releaseShortcut(int id)
	void removeAction(QAction *action)
	void render(QPaintDevice *target, QPoint,QRegion, int)
	void repaint(int x, int y, int w, int h)
	void resize(int w, int h)
	bool restoreGeometry(QByteArray)
	QByteArray saveGeometry(void)
	void scroll(int dx, int dy)
	void setAcceptDrops(bool on)
	void setAccessibleDescription(QString)
	void setAccessibleName(QString)
	void setAttribute(int attribute, bool on)
	void setAutoFillBackground(bool enabled)
	void setBackgroundRole(int role)
	void setBaseSize(int basew, int baseh)
	void setContentsMargins(int left, int top, int right, int bottom)
	void setContextMenuPolicy(int policy)
	void setCursor(QCursor)
	void setFixedHeight(int h)
	void setFixedSize(int w, int h)
	void setFixedWidth(int w)
	void setFocus(int reason)
	void setFocusPolicy(int policy)
	void setFocusProxy(QWidget *w)
	void setFont(QFont)
	void setForegroundRole(int role)
	void setGeometry(int x, int y, int w, int h)
	void setGraphicsEffect(QGraphicsEffect *effect)
	void setInputMethodHints(int hints)
	void setLayout(QLayout *layout)
	void setLayoutDirection(int direction)
	void setLocale(QLocale)
	void setMask(QBitmap)
	void setMaximumHeight(int maxh)
	void setMaximumSize(int maxw, int maxh)
	void setMaximumWidth(int maxw)
	void setMinimumHeight(int minh)
	void setMinimumSize(int minw, int minh)
	void setMinimumWidth(int minw)
	void setMouseTracking(bool enable)
	void setPalette(QPalette)
	void setParent(QWidget *parent)
	void setShortcutAutoRepeat(int id, bool enable)
	void setShortcutEnabled(int id, bool enable)
	void setSizeIncrement(int w, int h)
	void setSizePolicy(int horizontal, int vertical)
	void setStatusTip(QString)
	void setStyle(QStyle *style)
	void setToolTip(QString)
	void setUpdatesEnabled(bool enable)
	void setWhatsThis(QString)
	void setWindowFilePath(QString)
	void setWindowFlags(int type)
	void setWindowIcon(QIcon)
	void setWindowIconText(QString)
	void setWindowModality(int windowModality)
	void setWindowOpacity(double level)
	void setWindowRole(QString)
	void setWindowState(int windowState)
	QSize size(void)
	QSize sizeIncrement(void)
	QSizePolicy sizePolicy(void)
	void stackUnder(QWidget *w)
	QString statusTip(void)
	QStyle *style(void)
	QString styleSheet(void)
	bool testAttribute(int attribute)
	QString toolTip(void)
	bool underMouse(void)
	void ungrabGesture(int gesture)
	void unsetCursor(void)
	void unsetLayoutDirection(void)
	void unsetLocale(void)
	void update(int x, int y, int w, int h)
	void updateGeometry(void)
	bool updatesEnabled(void)
	QRegion visibleRegion(void)
	QString whatsThis(void)
	int width(void)
	int winId(void)
	QWidget *window(void)
	QString windowFilePath(void)
	int windowFlags(void)
	QIcon windowIcon(void)
	QString windowIconText(void)
	int windowModality(void)
	double windowOpacity(void)
	QString windowRole(void)
	int windowState(void)
	QString windowTitle(void)
	int windowType(void)
	int x(void)
	int y(void)
	bool close(void)
	void hide(void)
	void lower(void)
	void raise(void)
	void setDisabled(bool disable)
	void setEnabled(bool)
	void setHidden(bool hidden)
	void setStyleSheet(QString)
	void setWindowModified(bool)
	void setWindowTitle(QString)
	void show(void)
	void showFullScreen(void)
	void showMaximized(void)
	void showMinimized(void)
	void showNormal(void)
	QWidget *find(int id)
	QWidget *keyboardGrabber(void)
	QWidget *mouseGrabber(void)
	void setTabOrder(QWidget *first, QWidget *second)

	<class>
	name: QLabel
	para: QWidget *
	parent: QWidget
	</class>

	int alignment(void)
	QWidget *buddy(void)
	bool hasScaledContents(void)
	bool hasSelectedText(void)
	int indent(void)
	int margin(void)
	QMovie *movie(void)
	bool openExternalLinks(void)
	QPicture *picture(void)
	QPixmap *pixmap(void)
	QString selectedText(void)
	int selectionStart(void)
	void setAlignment(int)
	void setBuddy(QWidget *buddy)
	void setIndent(int)
	void setMargin(int)
	void setOpenExternalLinks(bool open)
	void setScaledContents(bool)
	void setSelection(int start, int length)
	void setTextFormat(int)
	void setTextInteractionFlags(int flags)
	void setWordWrap(bool on)
	QString text(void)
	int textFormat(void)
	int textInteractionFlags(void)
	bool wordWrap(void)
	void clear(void)
	void setMovie(QMovie *movie)
	void setNum(double num)
	void setPicture(QPicture)
	void setPixmap(QPixmap)
	void setText(QString)

	<class>
	name: QPushButton
	para: QWidget *
	parent: QWidget
	codename: GPushButton
	passvmpointer
	</class>

	void setText(const char *)
	void setClickEvent(const char *)
	void setIcon(QIcon)
	void setIconSize(QSize)

	<class>
	name: QLineEdit
	para: QWidget *
	parent: QWidget
	codename: GLineEdit
	passvmpointer
	</class>

	int alignment(void)
	void backspace(void)
	QCompleter *completer(void)
	QMenu *createStandardContextMenu(void)
	void cursorBackward(bool mark, int steps)
	void cursorForward(bool mark, int steps)
	int cursorMoveStyle(void)
	int cursorPosition(void)
	int cursorPositionAt(QPoint)
	void cursorWordBackward(bool mark)
	void cursorWordForward(bool mark)
	void del(void)
	void deselect(void)
	QString displayText(void)
	bool dragEnabled(void)
	int echoMode(void)
	void end(bool mark)
	void getTextMargins(int *left, int *top, int *right, int *bottom)
	bool hasAcceptableInput(void)
	bool hasFrame(void)
	bool hasSelectedText(void)
	void home(bool mark)
	QString inputMask(void)
	void insert(QString)
	bool isModified(void)
	bool isReadOnly(void)
	bool isRedoAvailable(void)
	bool isUndoAvailable(void)
	int maxLength(void)
	QString placeholderText(void)
	QString selectedText(void)
	int selectionStart(void)
	void setAlignment(int flag)
	void setCompleter(QCompleter *c)
	void setCursorMoveStyle(int style)
	void setCursorPosition(int)
	void setDragEnabled(bool b)
	void setEchoMode(int)
	void setFrame(bool)
	void setInputMask(QString)
	void setMaxLength(int)
	void setModified(bool)
	void setPlaceholderText(QString)
	void setReadOnly(bool)
	void setSelection(int start, int length)
	void setTextMargins(int left, int top, int right, int bottom)
	void setValidator(QValidator *v)
	QString text(void)
	QMargins textMargins(void)
	QValidator *validator(void)

	void clear(void)
	void copy(void) 
	void cut(void)
	void paste(void)
	void redo(void)
	void selectAll(void)
	void setText(QString)
	void undo(void)

	void setTextChangedEvent(const char *)
	void setcursorPositionChangedEvent(const char *)
	void seteditingFinishedEvent(const char *)
	void setreturnPressedEvent(const char *)
	void setselectionChangedEvent(const char *)
	void settextEditedEvent(const char *)

.. note:: Most of the content of the previous configuration file is removed from this documentation, for a complete version see the Ring source code distribution.