Radiation Oncology/Endometrium/Recurrence

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Front Page: Radiation Oncology | RTOG Trials | Randomized Trials

Endometrial Carcinoma: Main Page | Staging | Overview | Early Stage | Locally Advanced Stage | UPSC | Clear Cell | Brachytherapy | Recurrence | Randomized | GOG Trials

Leiomyosarcoma: Main Page

Treatment of recurrent disease

Vaginal recurrence[edit]

  • UC San Francisco; 2017 PMID 28802913 -- "Salvage high-dose-rate brachytherapy and external beam radiotherapy for isolated vaginal recurrences of endometrial cancer with no prior adjuvant therapy." (Chapman CH, Brachytherapy. 2017 Nov - Dec;16(6):1152-1158. doi: 10.1016/j.brachy.2017.07.002. Epub 2017 Aug 10.)
    • Retrospective. 30 patients. Median time to recurrent 17 months. Pelvic RT 45-50.4 in 25-28 fractions. Interstitial brachy in 90%, median EQD2 68 Gy. Median F/U 6.3 years
    • Outcome: 5-year locoregional control 87%. 5-year PFS 75%, CSS 83%, OS 77%. If grade 3 disease, 5-year OS 29% vs 95% (SS). If Stage >IA, 5-year CSS 74% vs 93% (SS)
    • Conclusion: Salvage EBRT and HDR brachytherapy high rate of locoregional control
  • University of Pittsburgh; 2014 (2004-2013) PMID 25241996 -- "Definitive salvage for vaginal recurrence of endometrial cancer: the impact of modern intensity-modulated-radiotherapy with image-based HDR brachytherapy and the interplay of the PORTEC 1 risk stratification." (Vargo JA, Radiother Oncol. 2014 Oct;113(1):126-31. doi: 10.1016/j.radonc.2014.08.038. Epub 2014 Sep 18.)
    • Retrospective. 41 patients undergoing definitive salvage RT. Pelvic IMRT 45/25, followed by HDR brachytherapy (median 23.75 Gy in 5 fractions). Median F/U 18 months
    • Outcome: 3-year LC 95%; distant control 61%; RFS 68%, OS 67%.
    • Toxicity: No grade 3+ acute toxicity. Late grade 3+ toxicity 8%
    • Conclusion: Salvage IMRT plus HDR brachytherapy show excellent control and minimal morbidity
  • Washington U., 2005 (1967-2003) PMID 16168841 — "Definitive radiotherapy in the management of isolated vaginal recurrences of endometrial cancer." Lin LL et al. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2005 Oct 1;63(2):500-4.
    • Retrospective. 50 pts treated for recurrence after tah/bso. Treatment was EBRT alone (6%), brachytherapy alone 16%, or EBRT + brachy (78%). Median dose to recurrence 60 Gy.
    • Median f/u 58 mo. 5-yr and 10-yr DFS 68% and 55%, OS 53% and 40%.
    • Conclusion: cure is possible in over 50% of pts.
  • MDACC, 2003 (1960-97) PMID 12873682 -- "Definitive radiotherapy for patients with isolated vaginal recurrence of endometrial carcinoma after hysterectomy." (Jhingran A, Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2003 Aug 1;56(5):1366-72.)
    • Retrospective, 91 pts. Treatment was EBRT alone (31%), brachy alone (12%), or EBRT + brachy (57%). Median total dose 75 Gy; median EBRT dose 50 Gy.
    • Median f/u 58 mo. LC 2yr-85%, 5yr-75%; OS 2yr-69%, 5yr-43%. Combination treatment was associated with better control.
    • Conclusion: RT provides excellent LC
  • PORTEC-1, 2003 (1990-97) PMID 12713981 -- "Survival after relapse in patients with endometrial cancer: results from a randomized trial." (Creutzberg CL, Gynecol Oncol. 2003 May;89(2):201-9.)
    • Patients treated in the PORTEC trial (see here), randomized to either adjuvant RT or observation.
    • 39 pts with isolated vaginal relapse; 31 of these treated with curative intent (usually RT+brachy). CR obtained in 31 of 35 (89%), with long term control in 24 of 31 (77%). Total long term control rate is thus 24/35 (68%).
    • Survival after 1st relapse at 3 yrs: 51% (control group) vs 19% (RT).
    • Survival after vaginal relapse 73%, after pelvic relapse 8%, after DM relapse 14%.



HDR Brachytherapy:

  • Montreal (Hôpital Notre-Dame) (1997-2003)
    • 2006 PMID 16386785 -- "Salvage treatment with high-dose-rate brachytherapy for isolated vaginal endometrial cancer recurrence." (Petignat P, Gynecol Oncol. 2006 Jun;101(3):445-9.)
    • 22 pts; 18 treated with combined EBRT + HDR, and 4 with HDR alone. Median EBRT dose 45 Gy. Brachytherapy dose median 26 Gy (range: 8-48 Gy).
    • CR in 100%. No LR after median f/u of 32 mo.
    • Conclusion: salvage treatment with EBRT + HDR is efficacious
  • McGill University
    • 1997 PMID 9264580 -- "Isolated vaginal recurrences in endometrial carcinoma: treatment results using high-dose-rate intracavitary brachytherapy and external beam radiotherapy." (Pai HH, Gynecol Oncol. 1997 Aug;66(2):300-7.)
    • 20 pts; 13 treated with combined EBRT + HDR, and 7 with HDR alone. Median EBRT dose 44 Gy and 24 Gy HDR to vaginal surface. For HDR alone, median dose 35 Gy.
    • CR in 90%. 10-yr LC 74%.
    • Conclusion: salvage treatment with EBRT + HDR is efficacious