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A. Positivism as Method and Ideology[edit | edit source]

I. An International Legal History of Positivism[edit | edit source]

1. Early Natural Law Thinkers and the Positivist Turn[edit | edit source]

2. Lassa Oppenheim on the 'Science' of International Law[edit | edit source]

3. Hans Kelsen and the Pure Theory of (International) Law[edit | edit source]

4. HLA Hart and International Law[edit | edit source]

2. Legal Positivism within Legal Philosophy[edit | edit source]

1. The Separation Thesis[edit | edit source]

2. Legal Validity and the Sources of Law[edit | edit source]

3. 'Conceptual' and 'Normative' Positivism[edit | edit source]

4. State Consent and Legal Positivism[edit | edit source]

B. Critiques of Positivism in International Law[edit | edit source]

I. Natural Law Theory[edit | edit source]

1. Natural Law and the Nature of (International) Law[edit | edit source]

2. Hersch Lauterpacht and the 'Grotian Tradition'[edit | edit source]

2. 'Anti-Positivism'[edit | edit source]

1. Anti-Positivism and the Grounds of Law[edit | edit source]

2. Moral Reasons the 'Rational Reconstruction' of International Law[edit | edit source]

3. Critical Approaches and Non-State Law[edit | edit source]

1. Critical Legal Theory and Positivism as an Ideological Choice[edit | edit source]

2. Legal Pluralism, Global Administrative Law, and Positivism's Statist Assumptions[edit | edit source]

Further Readings[edit | edit source]

  • Source I
  • Source II

Conclusion[edit | edit source]

  • Summary I
  • Summary II

Table of Contents[edit source]

Back to home page

Part I - History, Theory, and Methods

Part II - General International Law

Part III - Specialized Fields

Footnotes[edit source]

  1. The first footnote. Please adhere to OSCOLA when formating citations. Whenever possible, provide a link with the citation, ideally to an open-access source.