Parapsychology/Sources/Pre-Existing Bibliographies

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University of Virginia Division of Perceptual Studies Recommended Reading (Pro-Paranormal)[edit | edit source]


"The following is a list of books on various aspects of psychical research (also known as parapsychology) that are recommended by the faculty at the Division of Perceptual Studies. There are books on psychical research in general, many of which cover a variety of topics, and books on various specific topics as well.

Many of these books are out-of-print (designated by an OOP at the end of the entry) but may be available through public or university libraries or from used book stores. The OOP designations are based on the March 2000 Books-in-Print database.

While some of the books listed here are by division faculty most are not. Books and articles written by division faculty are listed in the Publications section of this Web site."

psychical research in general[edit | edit source]

  • Broughton, Richard S. Parapsychology: The Controversial Science. New York: Ballantine, 1992. A good general introduction to the problems, findings and implications of the science of parapsychology.
  • Chauvin, Rémy. Parapsychology: When the Irrational Rejoins Science. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 1985. Review of selected aspects of modern parapsychological research. OOP
  • Edge, Hoyt L., Morris, Robert L., Rush, Joseph H., and Palmer, John. Foundations of Parapsychology: Exploring the Boundaries of Human Capability. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1986. A more advanced survey of methods and findings in modern parapsychology. OOP
  • Gurney, Edmund, Myers, Frederic, and Podmore, Frank. Phantasms of the Living. 2 vols. North Stratford, NH: Ayer Company Publishers, 1975. A classic. The first major publication (in 1886) of the Society for Psychical Research, primarily reporting hundreds of cases investigated by the authors, but also indispensable reading for anyone seriously interested in psychical research and its problems and methods for investigating spontaneous cases.
  • Hintze, Naomi A. and Pratt, J. Gaither. The Psychic Realm: What Can You Believe? New York: Random House, 1975. The book covers a wide range of psychic phenomena. The first author describes case material in popular language in the first part of each chapter, and the second author then discusses each topic from the scientific point of view. OOP
  • Irwin, H.J. An Introduction to Parapsychology, 3rd edition. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 1999. Another general introduction to the field, with chapters on such special topics as NDEs, OBEs, apparitions, poltergeists, and reincarnation.
  • Jahn, Robert G. and Dunne, Brenda J. Margins of Reality: The Role of Consciousness in the Physical World. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1987. OOP
  • Krippner, S. (ed.), Advances in Parapsychological Research, 8 vols. An ongoing series of articles reviewing recent research on a wide variety of topics of current interest to parapsychologists.
   Vol. 1 Cambridge, MA: Perseus Books 1977
   Vol. 2 Cambridge, MA: Perseus Books 1978
   Vol. 3 Cambridge, MA: Perseus Books 1982
   Vol. 4 Jefferson, NC: McFarland 1984 OOP
   Vol. 5 Jefferson, NC: McFarland 1987 OOP
   Vol. 6 Jefferson, NC: McFarland 1990 OOP
   Vol. 7 Jefferson, NC: McFarland 1994
   Vol. 8 Jefferson, NC: McFarland 1997 OOP
  • Murphy, Gardner (with Laura A. Dale). Challenge of Psychical Research. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1979. (Harper and Row, 1961, 1970). An overview of spontaneous cases, experimental work, and the postmortem survival question by a leading psychologist.
  • Myers, Frederic W.H. Human Personality and Its Survival of Bodily Death. North Stratford, NH: Ayer Company Publishers, 1975. (Originally published in 1903). The other major classic of early psychical research, and indeed of psychology, in which Myers describes a wide range of subconscious psychological phenomena, including dissociation, sleep, genius, hypnotism, automatisms, and trance, within the context of his theory of human personality as extending beyond the confines of normal psychophysiological functioning.
  • Radin, Dean. The Conscious Universe: The Scientific Truth of Psychic Phenomena. New York: HarperEdge, 1997.
  • Rhine, Louisa E. The Invisible Picture: A Study of Psychic Experiences. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 1981. Summary of the author’s research with claims of spontaneous psychic experiences. OOP
  • Rhine, Louisa E. Psi: What Is It? New York: Harper and Row, 1975. A comprehensive general survey of the field of parapsychology, written by one of the founders of experimental parapsychology at Duke University. OOP
  • Stokes, Douglas M. The Nature of Mind: Parapsychology and the Role of Consciousness in the Physical World. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, 1997.
  • West, Donald J. Psychical Research Today. London: Gerald Duckworth, 1954. A short, readable survey of the whole field. OOP
  • White, Rhea. Parapsychology: Sources of Information 1973-1989. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1990. An update of number 18, below. OOP
  • White, Rhea. Surveys in Parapsychology. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1976. A collection of review articles on various aspects of parapsychology, providing comprehensive surveys of the periodical literature of the field.
  • White, Rhea A. and Dale, Laura A. Parapsychology: Sources of Information. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1973. Lists a large number of publications in the field of psychical research/parapsychology and directs readers to additional sources. OOP
  • Wolman, B. B., Ed. Handbook of Parapsychology. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 1985 (Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1977). A large book with technical papers written by specialists mainly for scientists, but containing abundant details and references to other publications for readers wishing to study the subject more deeply. OOP

on after-death communications (ADCs)[edit | edit source]

  • Guggenheim, Bill and Guggenheim, Judy. Hello From Heaven. New York: Bantam Books, 1995.
  • LaGrand, Louis E. After Death Communication: Final Farewells. St. Paul: Llewellyn Publications, 1997.
  • Wright, Sylvia Hart. When Spirits Come Calling: The Open-minded Skeptic’s Guide to After Death Contacts. Blue Dolphin Publishing, 2002.
  • Arcangel, Dianne. Afterlife Encounters: Ordinary People, Extraordinary Experiences. Hampton Roads Publishing Co. Inc, 2005

apparitions and hauntings[edit | edit source]

  • Bayless, R. Apparitions and Survival of Death. New Hyde Park, NY: Basic Books, 1973. OOP
  • Bennett, E. Apparitions and Haunted Houses. Ann Arbor: Gryphon Books, 1971. OOP
  • Finucane, R.C. Appearances of the Dead: A Cultural History of Ghosts. New York: Prometheus, 1984. OOP
  • Flammarion, Camille. Haunted Houses. Detroit: Gale Research, 1971 (originally published in 1924). OOP
  • Green, Celia, and McCreery, Charles. Apparitions. New York: State Mutual Book & Periodical Service, Ltd., 1989.
  • MacKenzie, Andrew. Apparitions and Ghosts. London: Arthur Barker, 1971. The author reports nearly fifty new cases of apparitions investigated by him. OOP
  • MacKenzie, Andrew. Hauntings and Apparitions. London: Heinemann, 1982. Review of classic cases and main ideas on apparitions and hauntings. Emphasis on work of the London-based Society for Psychical Research. OOP
  • Salter, W.H. Ghosts and Apparitions. London: G. Bell and Sons, 1938. OOP
  • Tyrrell, G. N. M. Apparitions. London: Society for Psychical Research, 1973. OOP

deathbed visions[edit | edit source]

  • Barrett, William, Sir. Death-bed Visions: The Psychical Experiences of the Dying. New York: Aquarian Press, 1988 (originally published in 1926).
  • Osis, Karlis, and Haraldsson, Erlendur. At the Hour of Death: A New Look at Evidence for Life after Death, 3rd edition. Norwalk, CT: Hastings House, 1997. OOP

extra-sensory perception (ESP)[edit | edit source]

  • Heywood, Rosalind. Beyond the Reach of Sense: An Inquiry into Extra-Sensory Perception. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1974. A readable survey of parapsychology including the earlier investigations bearing on survival of human personality after death. OOP
  • Pratt, Joseph Gaither. Parapsychology: an Insider’s View of ESP. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1977 (originally published by New York: Dutton, 1968). A very readable and largely autobiographical account, first written in 1963, describing the many areas of parapsychology which the author personally investigated, including accounts of his famous ESP experiments with Pearce and Woodruff at Duke University, his investigation of the Seaford poltergeist case, and his research on animal ESP. OOP
  • Sinclair, Upton. Mental Radio. New York: New York: Time-Life Books, 1991 (originally published by Charles C Thomas, 1930, 1962). Upton Sinclair’s report of experiments in extrasensory perception carried out with his wife. Introduction by William McDougall and short preface by Albert Einstein.

the history of psychical research[edit | edit source]

  • Beloff, John. Parapsychology: A Concise History. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1997. A brief historical survey of the field from its origins in renaissance magic, mesmerism, and spiritualism, through 19th-century psychical research, early 20th-century psychical research and experimental parapsychology, to more recent developments.
  • Gauld, Alan. The Founders of Psychical Research. New York: Schocken Books, Inc, 1968. OOP
  • Grattan-Guinness, Ivor. Psychical Research: A Guide to Its History, Principles and Practices. Wellingborough, England: Aquarian Press, 1982. OOP
  • Haynes, Renée. The Society for Psychical Research, 1882-1982: A History. London: MacDonald & Co., 1982. OOP

the mind-body relationship and concepts of reality[edit | edit source]

  • Beyond Physicalism: Toward Reconciliation of Science and Spirituality edited by Edward F. Kelly, Adam Crabtree, and Paul Marshall, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2015, 602 pages. ISBN 978-1-4422-3238-9, electronic ISBN 978-1-4422-3240-2. This book is the product of an unusual fellowship of scientists and humanities scholars who dispute the view that reality is purely physical, and that human beings are nothing more than extremely complicated biological machines.
  • Ducasse, C.J. A Critical Examination of the Belief in Life After Death. Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas, 1961. OOP
  • Ducasse, C.J. Nature, Life, and Death. LaSalle, IL: Open Court Publishing, 1951. OOP
  • Ducasse, C.J. Paranormal Phenomena, Science & Life after Death (Parapsychological Monographs No. 8). New York: Parapsychology Foundation, 1969.
  • Gauld, Alan. Mediumship and Survival: A Century of Investigations. Chicago: Academy Chicago Publishers, 1984. Review of different types of evidence for survival, classic cases and mediums, theories, and methodological and philosophical problems.
  • Irreducible Mind: Toward a Psychology for the 21st Century. Edward F. Kelly, Emily Williams Kelly, Adam Crabtree, Alan Gauld, Michael Grosso, and Bruce Greyson co-authored this book. Current mainstream scientific opinion holds that all aspects of human mind and consciousness are generated by physical processes occurring in the brain. This book demonstrates with empirical evidence that this reductive materialism is not only incomplete but false.
  • Penfield, W. The Mystery of the Mind. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1975. OOP
  • Popper, K.R., and Eccles, J.C. The Self and Its Brain: An Argument for Interactionism. New York: Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., 1985.
  • Presti, David. Foundational Concepts in Neuroscience: A Brain-Mind Odyssey. New York, NY: W.W. Norton, December 2015. This book presents neuroscience (the study of brain, mind, and behavior) in easy-to-understand ways, with a focus on concepts of interest to all science readers. Rigorous and detailed , but it is meant for any and all readers interested in learning about contemporary brain science. From molecules and cells to mind and consciousness, the known and the mysterious are presented in the context of the history of modern biology, with an eye toward developing intuition about how the brain works and better appreciating the beauty and growing public presence of neuroscience.
  • Woollacott, Marjorie H., Infinite Awareness: The Awakening of a Scientific Mind. Rowman & Littlefield, October 2015. As a neuroscientist, Marjorie Woollacott had no doubts that the brain was a purely physical entity controlled by chemicals and electrical pulses. When she experimented with meditation for the first time, however, her entire world changed. Woollacott’s journey through years of meditation has made her question the reality she built her career upon and has forced her to ask what human consciousness really is. Infinite Awareness pairs Woollacott’s research as a neuroscientist with her self-revelations about the mind’s spiritual power. Between the scientific and spiritual worlds, she breaks open the definition of human consciousness to investigate the existence of a non-physical and infinitely powerful mind.

near-death experiences (NDEs)[edit | edit source]

  • Holden, Janice, Greyson, Bruce, James, Debbie. The Handbook of Near-Death Experiences. Santa Barbara, CA : Praeger Publishers, 2009.
  • Fenwick, Peter, and Fenwick, Elizabeth. The Truth in the Light: An Investigation of Over 300 Near-Death Experiences. New York: Berkley Publishing Group, 1997.
  • Greyson, Bruce, and Flynn, Charles (eds.) The Near-Death Experience: Problems, Prospects, Perspectives. Springfield, IL: Charles C Thomas, 1984.
  • Moody, R.A., Jr. Life After Life. New York: Bantam Books, 1984 (originally published by Mockingbird Books in 1975). The first modern account of near-death experiences by the man who coined the term. OOP
  • Ring, Kenneth. Heading Toward Omega: In Search of the Meaning of the Near-Death Experience. New York: William Morrow and Co., 1984.
  • Ring, Kenneth. Life at Death: A Scientific Investigation of the Near-Death Experience. New York: Coward, McCann & Geoghegan, 1980. An in-depth examination of the NDE, derived from the author’s study of over 100 cases. OOP
  • Sabom, Michael B. Recollections of Death: A Medical Investigation. New York: Harper & Row, 1982. A cardiologist’s study of NDEs, primarily among his own patients, including a particularly interesting account of some cases apparently involving the patient’s paranormal awareness of objectively verifiable events. OOP
  • Zaleski, C. Otherworld Journeys: Accounts of Near-Death Experiences in Medieval and Modern Times. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987.

out-of-body experiences (OBEs)[edit | edit source]

  • Blackmore, Susan J. Beyond the Body: An Investigation of Out-of-the-Body Experiences. Chicago: Academy Chicago Publishers, 1991. Review of spontaneous and experimental studies of OBEs. Theories and concepts are also discussed. Blackmore is somewhat negative about paranormal features of OBEs.
  • Gabbard, Glen O., and Twemlow, Stuart W. With the Eyes of the Mind: An Empirical Analysis of Out-of-Body States. New York: Praeger, 1984. OOP
  • Irwin, Harvey J. Flight of Mind: A Psychological Study of the Out-of-Body Experience. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1985. An in-depth examination of the OBE, in support of the author’s hypothesis that the OBE is an imaginal process rather than actual spatial separation of mind and body. OOP
  • Mitchell, Janet L. Out-of-Body Experiences. New York: Ballantine, 1987. Not so comprehensive or critical as Blackmore’s (1), but more positive in its interpretations.

physical phenomena (psychokinesis, etc.)[edit | edit source]

  • Robinson, Diana. To Stretch a Plank: A Survey of Psychokinesis. Chicago: Nelson-Hall, 1981. Review of laboratory and field studies of paranormal physical phenomena. Physical mediums and theoretical considerations also receive attention.

poltergeists[edit | edit source]

  • Gauld, Alan, and Cornell, A. D. Poltergeists. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1982. OOP
  • Goss, M. Poltergeists: An Annotated Bibliography of Works in English, circa 1880-1975. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow, 1979.
  • Owen, A.R.G. Can We Explain the Poltergeist? New York: Helix Press, 1964. OOP
  • Roll, William G. The Poltergeist. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1976. (Signet, 1972). A survey of poltergeist cases investigated by the author, including a discussion of possible explanations for these phenomena. OOP
  • Thurston, H. Ghosts and Poltergeists. Ridgefield, CT: Roman Catholic Books, 1998 (originally published by Burns Oates, London in 1953).

reincarnation[edit | edit source]

  • Tucker Jim. Return to Life: Extraordinary Cases of Children Who Remember Previous Lives. New York: St. Martin Press, 2013. This book focuses on recent U.S. cases of children who report memories of previous lives.
  • Tucker, Jim. Life Before Life: A Scientific Investigation of Children’s Memories of Previous Lives. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2005. This book is a review of our research with children who report memories of previous lives written for the general public. Read a review of this book as it appeared in the Journal of Scientific Exploration , 19 (4), 2005 , by Harvard Biologist Michael Levin.
  • Shroder, Tom. Old Souls: The Scientific Evidence for Past Lives. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1999. In 1997 Dr. Stevenson agreed to let Tom Shroder, an editor at the Washington Post, travel with him through India, Lebanon and the United States as he investigated cases of children who seemed to remember previous lives. This is Shroder’s book about those experiences. Now out in paperback as Old Souls: Compelling Evidence from Children Who Remember Past Lives from Fireside Books.
  • Stevenson, Ian. Children Who Remember Previous Lives: A Question of Reincarnation, revised ed., 2001. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company (originally published by University Press of Virginia, 1987). Dr. Stevenson describes, for the general reader, research conducted over the past forty years. He also addresses some of the questions frequently asked about these cases.
  • Stevenson, Ian. Twenty Cases Suggestive of Reincarnation. Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia, 1974 (originally published as Vol. 26, Proceedings of the American Society for Psychical Research, 1966). Detailed reports of twenty cases of children (from five different countries) who claimed to remember previous lives.
  • Stevenson, Ian. Where Reincarnation and Biology Intersect. Westport, CT: Praeger, 1997. A 200 page synopsis of Dr. Stevenson’s 2 volume, 2000+ page Reincarnation and Biology.

survival after death[edit | edit source]

  • Griffin, David Ray. Parapsychology, Philosophy and Spirituality: A Postmodern Exploration. Albany, State University of New York Press, 1997.
  • Paterson, R. W. K. Philosophy and the Belief in a Life after Death. Library of Religion and Philosophy series. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1995.

telepathy[edit | edit source]

  • Stevenson, Ian. Telepathic Impressions. Ann Arbor: Books on Demand, [no date given] originally published by University Press of Virginia in 1970).
  • Ullman, Montague, and Krippner, Stanley (with Alan Vaughan). Dream Telepathy. 2nd ed., Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 1989. A report of the experiments on telepathic dreams conducted at Maimonides Medical Center in New York, including a limited survey of spontaneous dream telepathy cases.

other selected topics[edit | edit source]

  • Gauld, Alan. A History of Hypnotism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.
  • LeShan, Lawrence. The Medium, The Mystic, and the Physicist. Viking Press, 1995 and 1974. OOP
  • Stevenson, Ian. Unlearned Language: New Studies in Xenoglossy. Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia, 1984.
  • Rhine, Louisa E. Hidden Channels of the Mind. New York: Time-Life Books, 1990 (originally published in 1961). A summary and discussion of reports of spontaneous cases, not investigated but taken at face value as sent in by (usually) the person having the experience. Gives interesting indications of the patterns in the cases. OOP

Literature Antagonistic to Paranormal Claims[edit | edit source]

General Overviews and Pre-existing Bibliographies[edit | edit source]

  • Why Is There a Skeptical Movement? by Daniel Loxton, 2013. Presented by the Skeptics Society—
  • Bibliography (pp. xxix-lix) in Farrington, Elijah; Pidgeon, Charles F; Price, Harry; Dingwall, Eric John; Medium, A., pseud. (1922). Revelations of a spirit medium; facsimile edition, with notes, bibliography, glossary and index. London : K. Paul, Trench, Trubner & co., ltd.; New York, E. P. Dutton & co.
  • Hövelmann, Gerd. (1985). "Skeptical Literature in Parapsychology: An Annotated Bibliograpy". In Paul Kurtz. A Skeptic's Handbook of Parapsychology. Prometheus Books. pp. 449-491. ISBN 0-87975-300-5

List of skeptical books critical of mediums, paranormal claims, parapsychology, or spiritualism[edit | edit source]

  • The American Institutes for Research (1995). An Evaluation of Remote Viewing: Research and Applications.
  • David Abbott. (1907). Behind the Scenes with the Mediums. Chicago, IL: Open Court.
  • David Abbott. (1908). The History of a Strange Case. Chicago, IL: Open Court.
  • David Abbott. (1913). The Spirit Portrait Mystery: Its Final Solution. Chicago, IL: Open Court.
  • James Alcock. (1981). Parapsychology-Science Or Magic?: A Psychological Perspective. Pergamon Press.
  • James Alcock. (1990). Science and Supernature. Prometheus Books.
  • John Henry Anderson. The Magic of Spirit Rapping, Writing Mediums, and Table Turning, Being an Expose of the Frauds of Spirit Rappers and Descriptive of the Mechanism of the Rapping Table. London: R. S. Francis Printer.
  • Theodore Annemann. (1983). Practical Mental Magic. Dover Publications.
  • Robert Baker. (1996). Hidden Memories: Voices and Visions from Within. Prometheus Books.
  • Samri Samuel Baldwin. (1879). Spirit Mediums Exposed. Melbourne: M’Carron, Bird.
  • Samri Samuel Baldwin. (1895). The Secrets of Mahatma Land Explained. Brooklyn, NY: T. J. Dyson & Son.
  • Charles Marsh Beadnell. (1920). The Reality or Unreality of Spiritualistic Phenomena: Being a Criticism of Dr. W.J. Crawford's Investigation into Levitations and Raps. Watts & Co.
  • Theodore Besterman. (1930). Some Modern Mediums. Methuen & Company.
  • Theodore Besterman. (1968). Collected Papers on the Paranormal. Garrett Publications.
  • John Booth. (1984). Psychic Paradoxes. Los Alamitos, CA: Ridgeway.
  • Ruth Brandon. (1983). The Spiritualists: The Passion for the Occult in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Alfred E. Knopf.
  • Martin Bridgstock. (2009). Beyond Belief: Skepticism, Science and the Paranormal. Cambridge University Press.
  • William Hodson Brock. (2008). William Crookes (1832-1919) and the Commercialization of Science. Ashgate.
  • Hereward Carrington. (1907). The Physical Phenomena of Spiritualism. Herbert B. Turner & Co.
  • Hereward Carrington. (1913). Hindu Magic: An Expose of the Tricks of the Yogis and Fakirs of India. Kansas City, MO: The Sphinx.
  • Milbourne Christopher. (1969). Houdini: The Untold Story. Thomas Y. Crowell.
  • Milbourne Christopher. (1970). ESP, Seers & Psychics. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell.
  • Milbourne Christopher. (1973). The Illustrated History of Magic. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell.
  • Milbourne Christopher. (1975). Mediums, Mystics & the Occult. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell.
  • Milbourne Christopher. (1979). Search for the Soul. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell.
  • Edward Clodd. (1917). The Question: A Brief History and Examination of Modern Spiritualism. Grant Richards, London.
  • Robert Cogan. (1998). Critical Thinking: Step by Step. University Press of America.
  • Andrew Colman. (1987). Facts, Fallacies and Frauds in Psychology. Unwin Hyman.
  • Walter Cook. (1917). Reflections on "Raymond". London: Grant Richards.
  • Edmund Smith Conklin. (1927). Principles of Abnormal Psychology. H. Holt and Company.
  • Tony Cornell. (2002). Investigating the Paranormal. Helix Press.
  • Bob Couttie. (1988). Forbidden Knowledge: The Paranormal Paradox. Cambridge, England: Lutterworth.
  • Amos Norton Craft. (1881). Epidemic Delusions: Containing an Exposé of the Superstitions and Frauds which Underlie Some Ancient And Modern Delusions, Including Especial Reference to Modern Spiritualism. Walden and Stowe.
  • Millais Culpin. (1920). Spiritualism and the New Psychology: An Explanation of Spiritualist Phenomena and Beliefs in Terms of Modern Knowledge. Edward Arnold, London.
  • Stuart Cumberland. (1918). That Other World: Personal Experiences of Mystics and Their Mysticism. London: Grant Richards.
  • Stuart Cumberland. (1919). Spiritualism: The Inside Truth. London: Odhams.
  • Reuben Briggs Davenport. (1888). The Death-Blow to Spiritualism: Being the true story of the Fox sisters, as revealed by authority of Margaret Fox Kane and Catherine Fox Jencken. New York: G. W. Dillingham.
  • Eric Dingwall, Trevor H. Hall. (1958). Four Modern Ghosts. London: Gerald Duckworth.
  • Eric Dingwall. (1966). The Critics’ Dilemma: Further Comments on Some Nineteenth Century Investigations. Crowhurt, Sussex, England.
  • Herr Dobler. (1869). Expose’ of the Davenport Brothers. Belfast, Ireland: D. & J. Allen.
  • Thomas W. Driver. (1916). The Delusion of Modern Spiritualism and the Rochester Knockings. Wellington: Watkins, Tyer & Tolan.
  • Joseph Dunninger. (1935). Inside the Medium’s Cabinet. New York: David Kemp.
  • Joseph Dunninger. (1936). How to Make a Ghost Walk. New York: David Kemp.
  • Willis Dutcher. (Dr. X). (1922). On the Other Side of the Footlights: An Expose of Routines, Apparatus and Deceptions Resorted to by Mediums, Clairvoyants, Fortune Tellers and Crystal Gazers in Deluding the Public. Berlin, WI: Heaney Magic.
  • Simeon Edmunds. (1966). Spiritualism: A Critical Survey. Aquarian Press.
  • Bergen Evans. (1954). The Spoor of Spooks: And Other Nonsense. Knopf.
  • Henry Ridgely Evans. (1897). Hours with the Ghosts or Nineteenth Century. Witchcraft. Chicago, IL: Laird & Lee.
  • Henry Ridgely Evans. (1902). The Spirit World Unmasked. Chicago, IL: Laird & Lee.
  • Edmund Edward Fournier d'Albe. (1922). The Goligher Circle. J. M. Watkins.
  • Antony Flew. (1953). A New Approach To Psychical Research. Watts & Co.
  • Michael W. Friedlander. (1998). At the Fringes of Science. Westview Press.
  • Samri Frikell (Fulton Oursler). (1930). Spirit Mediums Exposed. New York: New Metropolitan Fiction.
  • Martin Gardner. (1957). Fads and Fallacies in the Name of Science. Dover Publications.
  • Martin Gardner. (1989). Science: Good, Bad, and Bogus. Prometheus Books.
  • Thomas Gilovich. (1993). How We Know What isn't So: Fallibility of Human Reason in Everyday Life. Free Press.
  • Robert Goldenson. (1973). Mysteries of the Mind: The Drama of Human Behavior. Doubleday.
  • Will Goldston. (1942). Tricks Of The Masters. G. Routledge & Sons, Ltd.
  • Trevor H. Hall. (1963). The Spiritualists: The Story of Florence Cook and William Crookes. Helix Press.
  • Trevor H. Hall. (1973). Old Conjuring Books: A Bibliographical and Historical Study With a Supplementary Check-List. New York: St. Martin’s Press.
  • C. E. M. Hansel. (1989). The Search for Psychic Power: ESP and Parapsychology Revisited. Prometheus Books. (contains responses to criticisms of Hansel's previous work)
  • Ben Harris. (1985). Gellerism Revealed: The Psychology and Methodology Behind the Geller Effect. Calgary: Micky Hades International.
  • Melvin Harris. (2003). Investigating the Unexplained: Psychic Detectives, the Amityville Horror-mongers, Jack the Ripper, and Other Mysteries of the Paranormal. Prometheus Books.
  • Terence Hines. (2003). Pseudoscience and the Paranormal. Prometheus Books.
  • Simon Hoggart, Mike Hutchinson. (1995). Bizarre Beliefs. Richard Cohen Books.
  • Paul Hookham. (1917). Raymond: A Rejoinder Questioning The Validity of Certain Evidence and of Sir Oliver Lodge's Conclusions Regarding It. B. H. Blackwell.
  • Ray Hyman. (1989). The Elusive Quarry: A Scientific Appraisal of Psychical Research. Prometheus Books.
  • Pendie L. Jewett. (1873). Spiritualism and Charlatanism; Or the Tricks of the Media: Embodying an Expose? Of the Manifestations of Modern Spiritualism By a Committee of Business Men of New-York. New York: S. W. Green, Printer and Stereotyper.
  • William Kalush, Larry Ratso Sloman. (2006). The Secret Life of Houdini: The Making of America's First Superhero. Atria Books.
  • Joseph Jastrow. (1918). The Psychology of Conviction: A Study of Beliefs and Attitudes. Houghton Mifflin Company.
  • Joseph Jastrow. (1935). Wish and Wisdom: Episodes in the Vagaries of Belief. D. Appleton-Century Company.
  • Robert Kastenbaum. (1984). Is There Life After Death?. Rider and Company.
  • M. Lamar Keene. (1997). The Psychic Mafia. Prometheus Books.
  • Martyn Jolly. (2006). Faces of the Living Dead: The Belief in Spirit Photography. Miegunyah Press.
  • Paul Kurtz. (1985). Spiritualists, Mediums and Psychics: Some Evidence of Fraud. In Paul Kurtz (ed.). A Skeptic's Handbook of Parapsychology. Prometheus Books. pp. 177-223.
  • Sofie Lachapelle. (2011). Investigating the Supernatural: From Spiritism and Occultism to Psychical Research and Metapsychics in France, 1853-1931. Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Peter Lamont. (2013). Extraordinary Beliefs: A Historical Approach to a Psychological Problem. Cambridge University Press.
  • Egon Larsen. (1966). The Deceivers: Lives of the Great Imposters. Roy Publishers.
  • David Lester. (2005). Is There Life After Death? An Examination of the Empirical Evidence. McFarland.
  • Sherrie Lynne Lyons. (2010). Species, Serpents, Spirits, and Skulls: Science at the Margins in the Victorian Age. State University of New York Press.
  • Walter Mann. (1919). The Follies and Frauds of Spiritualism. Rationalist Association. London: Watts & Co.
  • David Marks. (2000). The Psychology of the Psychic (2nd Edition). Prometheus Books.
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  • John Nevil Maskelyne. (1876). Modern Spiritualism. A Short Account of its Rise and Progress, With Some Exposures of So-Called Spirit Media. London: Frederick Wame.
  • Henry Maudsley. (1886). Natural Causes and Supernatural Seemings. Kegan, Paul, Trench & Co.
  • Joseph McCabe. (1914). The Religion of Sir Oliver Lodge. London: Watts & Co.
  • Joseph McCabe. (1920). Is Spiritualism Based On Fraud? The Evidence Given By Sir A. C. Doyle and Others Drastically Examined. London Watts & Co.
  • Joseph McCabe. (1920). Spiritualism: A Popular History from 1847. Dodd, Mead and Company.
  • Henry C. McComas. (1937). Ghosts I Have Talked With. Williams and Wilkins Company.
  • Georgess McHargue. (1972). Facts, Frauds, and Phantasms: A Survey of the Spiritualist Movement. Doubleday.
  • Antonio Melechi. (2008). Servants of the Supernatural: The Night Side of the Victorian Mind. Random House.
  • Charles Arthur Mercier. (1919). Spiritualism and Oliver Lodge. London: Watts & Co.
  • John Mulholland. (1938). Beware Familiar Spirits. New York: Scribner’s.
  • Andrew Neher. (2011). Paranormal and Transcendental Experience: A Psychological Examination. Dover Publications.
  • Joe Nickell. (2005). Camera Clues: A Handbook for Photographic Investigation. University Press of Kentucky.
  • Joe Nickell. (2007). Adventures in Paranormal Investigation. The University Press of Kentucky.
  • Joe Nickell (2012). The Science of Ghosts: Searching for Spirits of the Dead. Prometheus Books.
  • Elliott O'Donnell. (1920). The Menace of Spiritualism. London: T. Werner Laurie.
  • Charles Grafton Page. (1853). Psychomancy: Spirit-Rappings and Table-Tippings Exposed. New-York: D. Appleton and Company.
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  • Ronald Pearsall. (1972). The Table-Rappers. Book Club Associates.
  • Massimo Pigliucci, Maarten Boudry. (2013). Philosophy of Pseudoscience: Reconsidering the Demarcation Problem. University Of Chicago Press.
  • Felix Planer. (1980). Superstition. Cassell.
  • Frank Podmore. (1911). The Newer Spiritualism. Henry Holt and Company.
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  • James Randi. (1982). Flim-Flam! Psychics, ESP, Unicorns, and Other Delusions. Prometheus Books.
  • James Randi. (1997). An Encyclopedia of Claims, Frauds, and Hoaxes of the Occult and Supernatural. St. Martin's Griffin.
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  • Joseph Rinn. (1950). Sixty Years Of Psychical Research: Houdini And I Among The Spiritualists. Truth Seeker.
  • Massimo Polidoro. (2001). Final Séance: The Strange Friendship Between Houdini and Conan Doyle. Prometheus Books.
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  • Harry Price, Eric Dingwall. (1922). Revelations of a Spirit Medium. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co.
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  • Chung Ling Soo. (1898). Spirit Slate Writing and Kindred Phenomena. Munn & Company.
  • Victor Stenger. (1990). Physics and Psychics: The Search for a World Beyond the Senses. Prometheus Books.
  • Gordon Stein. (1993). Encyclopedia of Hoaxes. Gale Group.
  • Gordon Stein. (1996). The Encyclopedia of the Paranormal. Prometheus Books.
  • Karen Stollznow. (2014). Language Myths, Mysteries and Magic. Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Arthur Newell Strahler. (1992). Understanding Science: An Introduction to Concepts and Issues. Prometheus Books.
  • Stuart Sutherland. (1994). Irrationality: The Enemy Within. Penguin Books.
  • Amy Tanner. (1910). Studies in Spiritism. D. Appleton and Company.
  • Paul Tabori. (1961). The Art of Folly. Prentice-Hall International, Inc.
  • Paul Tabori. (1966). Harry Price: The Biography of a Ghosthunter. Living Books.
  • John Taylor. (1980). Science and the Supernatural: An Investigation of Paranormal Phenomena Including Psychic Healing, Clairvoyance, Telepathy, and Precognition by a Distinguished Physicist and Mathematician. Temple Smith.
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  • Thomas Tietze. (1973). Margery. Harper & Row.
  • John W. Truesdell. (1883). The Bottom Facts Concerning the Science of Spiritualism: Derived from Careful Investigations Covering a Period of Twenty-Five Years. G. W. Carlton: New York.
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  • Horace Wyndham. (1937). Mr. Sludge, the Medium. Geoffrey Bles.
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  • Leonard Zusne, Warren H. Jones. (1989). Anomalistic Psychology: A Study of Magical Thinking. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Articles and Papers[edit | edit source]

  • James Alcock. (2003). Give the Null Hypothesis a Chance: Reasons to Remain Doubtful about the Existence of Psi. Journal of Consciousness Studies 10: 29-50.
  • George Beard. (1879). The Psychology of Spiritism. The North American Review 129: 65-80.
  • Theodore Besterman, Oliver Gatty. (1934). Further Tests of the Medium Rudi Schneider. Nature 134: 965-966.
  • Mario Bunge. (1984). What is Pseudoscience? The Skeptical Inquirer. Volume 9: 36-46.
  • Mario Bunge. (1987). Why Parapsychology Cannot Become a Science. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10: 576-577.
  • James Crumbaugh. (1966). A Scientific Critique of Parapsychology. International Journal of Neuropsychiatry 5: 521-29.
  • Harold Gulliksen. (1938). Extra-Sensory Perception: What Is It?. American Journal of Sociology 43: 623-634.
  • Joseph Jastrow. (1938). ESP, House of Cards. The American Scholar 8: 13-22.
  • Ian Hacking. (1993). Some reasons for not taking parapsychology very seriously. Dialogue: Canadian Philosophical Review 32: 587-594.
  • Ray Hyman. (1986). Parapsychological research: A tutorial review and critical appraisal. Proceedings of the IEEE 74 (6): 823-849
  • David Marks. (1986). Investigating the paranormal. Nature 320: 121-124.
  • Samuel Moss, Donald Butler. (1978). The Scientific Credibility Of ESP. Perceptual and Motor Skills: Volume 46: 1063-1079.
  • Simon Newcomb. (1909). Modern Occultism. Nineteenth Century 65: 126-139.
  • George Price. (1955). Science and the Supernatural. Science 122: 359–367. (c.f. George Price. (1972). Apology to Rhine and Soal. Science 28: 359.)
  • Harry Price. (1926). Some Early Works on False Mediumship. Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research 20: 220-226.
  • Massimo Polidoro. (2000). Anna Eva Fay: The Mentalist Who Baffled Sir William Crookes. Skeptical Inquirer 24: 36-38.

Reviews[edit | edit source]

Useful links[edit | edit source]