Old English/Prepositions of Time

From Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Old English prepositions of time, which detail the temporal relationships of their sentences.


Prepositions of time in the dative case generally concern events within a certain block of time.


  1. within the limits of a period, in; híe ƿendon innan þǽre middanƿintres tíde they went within the limits of midwinter time


  • On with the dative is used with generic time nouns, such as dæg and gēar.
  1. on + gēare: hæbbe ic þriƿa on gēare mid tōþlǣccan gesetne dæg - I have a set day with a dentist thrice in the year.
  2. on + þǣm + ǣrdæge: on þǣm ǣrdæge ēodon hīe tō cirican - in early morning they went to church.


  1. on the approach of, towards; tōgeagnes Ēastran cōm þæs pāpan sande the pope's legate came towards Easter



  • on/in a day, month, year; This is used with the accusative with named days and months
    1. on + dæg: gif gē lesaþ ƿyrte on Sunnandæg - if you gather roots on Sunday
    2. on + mōnaþ: se ǣresta Frīgedæg þe man sceal fæsten is on Hlȳdan (Hrēþmōnaþ) - the first Friday that one shall fast is in March
    3. on + morgen: on morgen gā ic tō scōle - in the morning I go to school

No Preposition[edit]

Often cases can be used to indicate when something happens. This is often used with the dative, but can also be accusative and genitive.

  • Sunnan dagum gā ic tō cirican (or on Sunnandagum) - Sundays I go to church.
  • Sunnan dæges cēapinge ne dōþ man (on gehƿamlicum Sunnandæge) - Sunday one does not do marketing.
  • þȳ gēare æfter his lyre (oþþe on gēare) - the year after his loss (instrumental case)