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Wes þū hāl and wilcume! Hello and welcome! This a Wikibook about Old English, the Germanic language spoken in England from about 500 AD (after the arrival of the Angles, the Saxons, and Jutes from the area around northern Germany, the Netherlands, and Denmark) in southern Great Britain, until about 1100 AD, shortly after the Norman Conquest lead by William I (William the Conqueror), at which time Old English became Middle English.
While we would like this Wikibook to be a useful resource for learning Old English, it is not at the moment in too good condition; but it is being improved. Leorna þū full spēdiglīce! Learn well!
Old English Grammar
- Fōresprǣc (Introduction) ~ The Alphabet and Pronunciation, A Short Example of Old English
- Word Formation
Additional Old English resource pages
- An informal Old English phrasebook, with some explicitly marked neologisms
- Titles and Nicknames
- Telling time
- Legal Usage
- The spoken language
After you've mastered the grammar, the main things to do is learn vocabulary and idiomatic language usage. They both can be done by reading actual historical texts and practicing what you have already learnt, but here are some lists to help with the vocabulary.
Other electronic resources
Thankfully, there are many other quality online accessible resources already available for Old English. Here are some of them:
- An online searchable version of the Bosworth and Toller dictionary, and other Germanic language resources
- Another online searchable version of Bosworth and Toller, but this time with no other Germanic language resources
- The Electronic Introduction to Old English
- A fairly simple, non-comprehensive resource