Monopoly/Official Rules

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To begin with, each player selects a token. Then they place their token on the Go space on the board, only when his/her first turn to move arrives. One player becomes the Banker, who distributes assets from the Bank to the players. Only the player in question can use their money, money can only be lent via the Banker or by the player mortgaging an asset, money cannot be lent by another player. Each player receives two $500, four $100, one $50, one $20, two $10, one $5, and five $1. The Bank has 32 houses and 12 hotels, but never runs out of money. The Banker keeps his assets separate from those of the Bank. The Banker cannot get extra money. When you pass GO you receive $200. With the dice if you roll doubles (two of one number) you can roll again.


Each player, in turn, rolls both dice and then moves forward (clockwise around the board) the number of spaces indicated by the sum of the numbers rolled. Action is then taken depending on the space on which the player lands:

  • If the player lands on an unowned property, he or she may buy it for the price listed on that property's space. If he or she agrees to buy it, he or she pays the Bank the amount shown on the property space and receives the deed for that property. If he or she decides not to buy it, the property is auctioned, and the bidding may start at any price. The highest bidder wins the property and pays the Bank the amount bid and receives the property's title deed. Railroads and utilities are also properties.
  • If the player lands on an unmortgaged property owned by another player, he or she pays rent to that person, as specified on the property's deed. It is the property owner's responsibility to demand rent, and he or she has until the beginning of the second following player's turn to do so.
  • If the player lands on his or her own property, or on property which is owned by another player but currently mortgaged, nothing happens.
  • If the player lands on Luxury Tax/Super Tax, he or she must pay the Bank $100 (in some editions of the game, only $75).
  • If the player lands on Income Tax he or she must pay the Bank either $200 or 10% of his or her total assets (cash on hand, property, houses and hotels). In some editions of the game, this is a flat rate of $200.
  • If the player lands on a Chance or Community Chest, the player takes a card from the top of the respective pack and performs the instruction given on the card.
  • If the player lands on the Jail space, he or she is "Just Visiting" and does nothing. No penalty applies.
  • If the player lands on the Go to Jail square, he or she must move his token directly to Jail.
  • If the player lands on or passes Go in the course of his or her turn, he or she receives $200 from the Bank. A player has until the beginning of his or her next turn to collect this bonus.

If a player does not have sufficient funds to pay off a rent or fee, he or she may take a loan from the Bank by mortgaging one or more properties, sell houses back to the Bank for half the purchase price or sell property deeds to other players in the game.

Players may not loan money to other players, only the Bank can loan money, and then only by mortgaging properties.

If a player skips another player's turn and is caught, the turn is transferred back to the player whose turn was skipped.


When doubles are rolled, the player picks up the dice and moves again. However, while house rules may vary, the official rules state that you DO land on the square the dice led you to on your roll, and you must pay the price or, should you so choose, buy the property in question. After the third roll of doubles, rather than landing on the square the dice led you to, you immediately go to jail and thus do not enact the appropriate action of landing on that square.


A player can be directed to jail in three ways: by landing on the Go to Jail space, by drawing a "Go to Jail" Chance or Community Chest card or rolling three doubles. In any of these cases, the player moves directly into jail, without collecting the $200 for passing Go.

A player in jail remains there until he/she does one of the following:

  • opts to pay a $50 bailout to the Bank, or spend a "Get out of Jail Free" card, before rolling the dice
  • rolls doubles.
  • fails to roll doubles on his/her third turn in jail, in which case the $50 charge is levied anyway (the player may not use a "Get out of Jail Free" card in this situation)

In any of these cases, the dice rolled on the turn on which the player leaves jail are played out. However, in the second case, the power of the doubles is "used up" by bailing the player out of jail, and so he/she does not get an extra turn. On the other hand, if the player rolls doubles in the first case, the extra turn is still granted. The rules state that you pay for the spot you are on before heading to jail . While in jail, a player may still collect rent, and buy houses/hotels.[1]

Properties, Rents, and Construction[edit]

If a player lands on property he may buy it at the listed price. If the player refuses to buy it, the Bank sells it at auction to the highest bidder. Any player, including the one who refused to buy it in the first place, may bid on the property. Properties are arranged in "color groups" of two or three properties. Once a player owns all properties of a color group (a monopoly), the rent is now doubled on all unimproved lots of that color group, even if some of the properties are mortgaged to the Bank, and the player may purchase either one to four houses or one hotel (which is equivalent to five houses) for those properties (as long as none of the properties of that color group are mortgaged to the Bank), which raise the rents that must be paid when other players land on the property. The properties in a color group must be developed evenly, i.e. each house that is built must go on a property in the group with the fewest number of houses on it so far. In another way of speaking, the number of houses of any properties of a same color group must not differ by more than one. For example, houses in a group may be distributed (2,3,2) or (0,1,1) or (4,4,3), but not (1,2,3) or (0,4,4).

If a property is owned by a player and another player lands on the property and the owner does not realize it before the second following player rolls the dice then the player does not have to pay the owner. (In older games, the player had to realize it before the next player's turn).

You may have up to 1 Hotel or 4 Houses. 5 Houses are equal to 1 Hotel. House prices should be on the property cards.

A hotel may be built on a color group only after all properties in the group have four houses. A player purchases a hotel by paying the price of an additional house, and returning the four houses on that property to the Bank in exchange for a hotel. If there are not enough houses in the Bank for a player to build four houses on each property before building a hotel, the player may not skip directly to buying a hotel by paying the full price at one go.

The Bank has a fixed supply of 32 houses and 12 hotels. If more players decide to build more houses at the same time than there are houses in the Bank, the houses are auctioned off one at a time to the highest bidder. This rule favors the owners of expensive properties, for which the houses cost more in the first place, because the auction price of a house is not tied to the value of the property on which it will be placed. It is not possible to buy more houses than there is available in the Bank. This could stop people buying hotels in the future!

At any time a player may, to raise cash, sell hotels and houses back to the Bank for half of the purchase price of the houses. If there are sufficient houses in the Bank, hotels may also be "broken down" into a number of houses for the corresponding percentage of their purchase price. For example, hotels in one color group may be replaced by two houses each, and for each hotel thus broken down, the player receives half the cost of three houses. Also, properties with no houses or hotels may be mortgaged for half of the property price. A property does not collect rent while mortgaged and may not be developed. To de-mortgage a property a player must pay interest of 10% in addition to the mortgage price. Whenever a mortgaged property changes hands between players, either through a trade, sale or by bankruptcy, the new owner must immediately pay 10% interest on the mortgage and at their option may pay the principal or hold the property. If the player holds the property and later wishes to lift the mortgage they must pay the 10% interest again as well as the principal.

Sharing the ownership of any property is not allowed.

For a street repairs card, the player must pay for every house and/or hotel they own on the board.

Railroad and Utility Rent[edit]

The rent a player owes for landing on a railroad varies with the number of railroads the owner possesses. The rent is as follows: Charge $25 if one owned, $50 if two owned, $100 if three owned, $200 if all owned by the same owner. If you get a chance card and it says advance to the nearest railroad, you may either buy it if unowned or if owned by the other player you must pay double what you would normally pay.

For utilities, after a player lands on one to owe rent, they must roll the dice again to determine the rent amount. The rent is 10 times the amount rolled if the both are owned, or 4 times if not. One player does not have to posess both in order for the rent to be 10 tmes the amount.

Board Layout for[edit]

Property Value Rent
US UK Cost M'tg Site 1 hse 2 hses 3 hses 4 hses Hotel
Mediterranean Avenue Old Kent Road 60 30 2 10 30 90 160 250
Baltic Avenue Whitechapel Road 60 30 4 20 60 180 320 450
Reading RR Kings Cross Station 200 100 25 if 1 owned, 50 if 2 owned, 100 if 3 owned, 200 if all 4 owned
Oriental Avenue The Angel Islington 100 50 6 30 90 270 400 550
Vermont Avenue Euston Road 100 50 6 30 90 270 400 550
Connecticut Avenue Pentonville Road 120 60 8 40 100 300 450 600
St. Charles Place Pall Mall 140 70 10 50 150 450 625 750
Electric Company 150 75 4xdice if 1 owned, 10xdice if both owned
States Avenue Whitehall 140 70 10 50 150 450 625 750
Virginia Avenue Northumberland Avenue 160 80 12 60 180 500 700 900
Pennsylvania RR Marylebone Station 200 100 25 if 1 owned, 50 if 2 owned, 100 if 3 owned, 200 if all 4 owned
St. James Place Bow Street 180 90 14 70 200 550 750 950
Tennessee Avenue Marlborough Street 180 90 14 70 200 550 750 950
New York Avenue Vine Street 200 100 16 80 220 600 800 1000
Kentucky Avenue The Strand 220 110 18 90 250 700 875 1050
Indiana Avenue Fleet Street 220 110 18 90 250 700 875 1050
Illinois Avenue Trafalgar Square 240 120 20 100 300 750 925 1100
B&O RR Fenchurch St Station 200 100 25 if 1 owned, 50 if 2 owned, 100 if 3 owned, 200 if all 4 owned
Atlantic Avenue Leicester Square 260 130 22 110 330 800 975 1150
Ventnor Avenue Coventry Street 260 130 22 110 330 800 975 1150
Water Works 150 75 4xdice if 1 owned, 10xdice if both owned
Marvin Gardens Piccadilly 280 140 24* 120 360 850 1025 1200
Pacific Avenue Regent Street 300 150 26 130 390 900 1100 1275
North Carolina Avenue Oxford Street 300 150 26 130 390 900 1100 1275
Pennsylvania Avenue Bond Street 320 160 28 150 450 1000 1200 1400
Short Line Liverpool Street Station 200 100 25 if 1 owned, 50 if 2 owned, 100 if 3 owned, 200 if all 4 owned
Park Place Park Lane 350 175 35 175 500 1100 1300 1500
Boardwalk Mayfair 400 200 50 200 600 1400 1700 2000
* In older editions Marvin Gardens/Piccadilly rent was 22.
  1. Monopoly 2007 Instructions -- Hasbro (