Modern Greek/Lesson 07.3

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Lesson 7.3: Comparative and Superlative[edit]

Comparative[edit]

The comparative uses "Noun 1 (nominative) είναι πιο adjective από noun 2 (accusative)".

E.g. Το τραπέζι είναι πιο μεγάλο από την καρέκλα

The adjective has to agree with the first noun.

Comparisons[edit]

Comparisons of adjectives like -er and -est in English are expressed using the endings -τερος and -τατος:

πλούσιος rich
πλουσιότερος richer
ο πλουσιότατος the richest
ένας πλούσιος πολιτικός a rich politician
ένας πλουσιότερος πολιτικός a richer politician
ο πλουσιότατος πολιτικός the richest politician
η πλουσιότατη βασίλισσα the richest queen

Note the shift in the accent toward the end of the word. The common word μεγάλος, big, has the irregular form μεγαλύτερος.

The word πιο can be used instead:

Αυτός ο πολιτικός είναι πιο πλούσιος. That politician is richer.
Αυτός ο πολιτικός είναι ο πιο πλούσιος. That politician is the richest.

Vocabulary:

πολύ much
πολλοί many
πόσος how much
πόσοι how many
περισσότερος more
ελάχιστος least
λίγο a little
λίγοι a few
τόσο ... όσο ... as ... as ...
κοντά almost (used with numbers and amounts)
αρκετά enough
πάρα πολύ very much

Superlative[edit]

To be completed.