Modern Greek/Alphabet

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  • There are 24 letters in the greek alphabet
  • The greek alphabet has 5 vowel SOUNDS.
  • Some of them look like letters from this alphabet, but they are not to be confused (lowercase "ni" looks like "v" but it is said like "n").

The letters[edit]

Letter Name Name (transliterated) Pronunciation As in
Αα αλφα alfa /a/ aardvark
Ββ βητα beta /v/ van
Γγ γαμα gama /gh/ wool
Δδ δελτα dhelta /dh/ this
Εε εψιλον epsillon /e/ letter
Ζζ ζιτα zita /z/ ozone
Ηη ητα ita /i/ wing
Θθ θητα thita /th/ thanks
Ιι ιωτα yiota /i/ wing
Κκ καπα kapa /k/ cat
Λλ λαμδα lamda /l/ light
Μμ μι miu /m/ market
Νν νι niu /n/ not
Ξξ ξι si /x/ next
Οο ομικρον omikron /o/ pot
Ππ πι pi /p/ spit
Ρρ ρο rho /r/ right
Σσ, ς* σιγμα sigma /s/ sister
Ττ ταυ tho /t/ top
Υυ υψιλον iupsillon /i/ wing
Φφ φι fi /f/ foot
Χχ χι chi /h/(ch) loch (guttural)
Ψψ ψι psi /ps/ lips
Ωω ωμεγα omega /o/ pot
  • ς is used at the end of a word only.


Combination pronounced As in
αι /e/ tell
ει /i/ sting
οι /i/ sting
ου /oo/(ou) tool
αυ /av/ slav
/af/ foot
ευ /ev/ bevel
/ef/ left


Combination Pronounced
μπ- /b/
-μπ- /mb/
ντ- /d/
-ντ- /nd/
γκ- /g/
-γκ- /ng/
-γγ- /ng/
τζ- /dj/
τσ- /ts/