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Materials Science

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An ant viewed by a scanning electron microscope.

Materials science is the study of the structural and functional properties of materials. It focuses on the factors inherent within materials that influence their properties. These factors include composition, the structure of the matter within the material and the type and quantity of defects that are present. It is a multidisciplinary subject that draws upon and feeds back to the learning in just about every field of science and engineering in some way or another placing the subject in a central role to many of the activities in these related subjects.

This book is aimed at those studying materials science at the undergraduate level in university whether as their major field or as a single module of a related engineering course.

Contents[edit | edit source]

  1. Introduction
  2. Structure of Matter
  3. Defects and Microstructure
  4. Diffusion
  5. Mechanical Properties
  6. Material Processing
  7. Thermodynamics
  8. Materials
  9. Material Characterization
  10. Thermochromics
  11. Crystallography
  12. Biocompatible Material
  13. Analytical Techniques
  14. Useful Formulas

Common Symbols[edit | edit source]

Term Definition Units (metric) Subject
r radius m Structure of Matter
unit cell dimension m Structure of Matter
APF Atomic Packing Factor Structure of Matter
n number of atoms/ unit cell Structure of Matter
A atomic weight g/mol Structure of Matter
Volume of unit cell Structure of Matter
Avogadro's number 6.022 E23 atoms/mol Structure of Matter

Glossary[edit | edit source]

Term Definition Notes
Bonding Energy Energy required to separate two atoms to and infinite separation Example
Polymer Example Example
Mer Example Example
Ceramic Material that is nonmetallic and inorganic
Linear Density
Planar Density