Japanese/Vocabulary/Animals

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Related vocabulary

Mammals[edit]

English Japanese Reading Notes
Alpacaアルパカloan word from the American Spanish word alpaca
Australian Possumオポッサムloan word from the English word opossum
Bat蝙蝠こうもりindividually both kanji mean bat but are read differently
Bearくま
Beaverビーバーloan word from the French derived English word beaver
Camel駱駝らくだwhite horse (駱) hunchback (駝)
Catねこ
Chinchillaチンチラloan word from the Spanish word chinchilla
Coatimundiハナグマnose (ハナ) bear (グマ)
Cowうしalso used for ox
Coyoteコヨーテloan word from the American Spanish word coyote
Deer鹿しか
デグーloan word from the South American word degu
Dogいぬ
Dolphin海豚いるかsea (海) pig (豚). When written in kana, katakana is commonly used.
Donkey驢馬
兎馬
ろば
うさぎうま
donkey (驢) horse (馬) or rabbit (兎) horse (馬)
Dugong儒艮じゅごんloan word from the Latin word dugong
Elephantぞう
Ferret鼬 いたち
Foxきつね
Gerbil砂鼠すなねずみsand (すな) mouse (ねずみ)
Giraffe麒麟きりん
Goat山羊やぎmountain (山) sheep (羊)
Gorillaゴリラ
Groundhogウッドチャックloan word from the English words wood chuck
Guinea pigモルモットloan word from the French word marmotte
Hamsterハムスターloan word from the German word hamster
Hedgehog針鼠 or 蝟ハリネズミneedle ( ハリ) mouse (ネズミ)
Hippopotamus河馬かばriver (河) horse (馬)
Horseうま
Kinkajouキンカジューloan word from the Indian word kinkajou, meaning honey bear
Kitten子猫 / 仔猫こねこchild (子 / 仔) cat (猫)
Lion獅子
ライオン
ししloan word from Chinese (Shizi)
loan word from the English lion
Llamaラマloan word from the Spanish word llama
Manatee海牛 かいぎゅうocean (海) cow (牛)
Minkミンクloan word from the English word mink
Monkeyさる
Mouseねずみ
Otter川獺 / 獺かわうそ
Pandaパンダぱんだloan word from the French word panda
Pigぶた
Polar bear北極熊 ほっきょくぐま北極= North Pole, 熊= Bear
Puppy子犬 / 仔犬こいぬchild (子 / 仔) dog (犬)
Rabbitうさぎalso used for hare or coney
Raccoon洗熊あらいぐまto wash (洗う) bear (熊)
Raccoon dogたぬき
Rat溝鼠
ラット
どぶねずみ
 
ラット is a loan word from the English rat and used more commonly than どぶねずみ
Red pandaレッサーパンダressa is the loan word for the English word lesser and panda from the French panda
Rhinocerosさい
Seal海豹あざらし海 (sea) 豹(panther)
Sea lion海驢あしか海 (sea) 驢 (donkey). When written in kana, katakana is commonly used.
Sheepひつじ
Short tailed opossumコモリネズミコモリ (komori) ネズミ (mouse)
Skunkスカンクloan word from the English word skunk
Squirrel栗鼠りすchestnut (栗) mouse (鼠)
Tigerとら
Virginia opossum袋鼠ふくろねずみsack/bag (袋) mouse (鼠). The English loan word ポッサム (possamu) is often used
Weaselいたち
Whaleクジラwhen written in kana, katakana is commonly used
Wolfおおかみ
Wolverineクズリ
Zebra縞馬しまうまstripe (縞) horse (馬)

Birds[edit]

English Japanese Reading Notes
Birdとり
Canary金糸雀かなりあ / かなりや
Chicken (domestic)にわとり
Craneつる
Cormorant
Crow (or raven)烏 / 鴉からす
Cuckoo郭公かっこう
Duck (domestic)家鴨あひるfamily/house (家) wild duck (鴨)
Duck (wild)かも
Eagleわし
Emuエミューloan word from the Portuguese word emu
Flamingoフラミンゴ
Goose鵞鳥がちょうgoose (鵞) bird (鳥)
Hawk (or falcon)たか
Swallowつばめ
Ostrich鴕鳥だちょうostrich (鴕) bird (鳥)
Parakeet鸚哥いんこ writtin in Katakana インコ。 source (my 日本語のせんせい。)
Pheasant雉子 / 雉きじ
Pigeon (or dove)はと
Seagull鷗(鴎)かもめ
Skylark雲雀ひばりcloud (雲) sparrow (雀)
Sparrowすずめ
Turkey七面鳥しちめんちょうseven faces (七面) bird (鳥)
Vulture禿鷹はげたかbaldness (禿) hawk (鷹)

Reptiles, fish and other sea life[edit]

English Japanese Reading Notes
Alligator (or crocodile)わに
Carpこい
Crabかに
Dragon龍 (or )りゅう (or たつ)both 龍 and 竜 can be read as either ryuu or tatsu
Eelうなぎ
Fishさかな (or うお)
Frogかえる
Iguanaイグアナloan word from the Spanish word iguana
Goldfish金魚きんぎょgold (金) fish (魚)
Jellyfish水母 (or 海月)くらげwater (水) mother (母) or sea (海) moon (月)
Komodo dragonコモドドラゴンloan word from the Indonesian island Komodo and the English word dragon
Octopus蛸 / 章魚たこwhen written in kana, katakana is commonly used
Sea animal海獣かいじゅうsea (海) animal (獣)
Sea slug海牛うみうしsea (海) cow (牛). More commonly written using kana (katakana) instead of kanji
Sharkさめ
Shrimp海老 / 蝦えび
Snail蝸牛かたつむり,or でんでんむし,or かぎゅうsnail (蝸) cow (牛). 蝸牛 can be read in all three ways and still mean snail
Snake (or serpent)へび
Spiny lobster伊勢海老いせえびIse (伊勢) shrimp (蝦)
Squid墨魚ぼくぎょink (墨) fish (魚).
Tunaまぐろ
Turtle (or tortoise)かめ

Insects[edit]

English Japanese Reading Notes
Insect虫 (or 昆虫)むし (or こんちゅう)
Harmful insects害虫がいちゅう
Beneficial insects益虫えきちゅう
Beetle兜虫 (or 甲虫)かぶとむしlit. headpiece (兜) insect (虫)
Stag beetle鍬形虫くわがたむしlit. Hoe-shape insect
Cricket蟋蟀こおろぎ
Mosquito
Scorpionさそり
Spider蜘蛛くも
Butterflyちょう
Fireflyほたる
Antあり
Moth
Mantis蟷螂かまきり
Cockroach蜚蠊ごきぶり
Dragonfly蜻蛉とんぼ
Bee蜜蜂みつばち
Hornet雀蜂 or 胡蜂すずめばち
Pillbug団子虫だんごむしlit. dumpling insect
Sow bug草鞋虫わらじむしlit. Waraji insect
Earthworm蚯蚓みみず
Fly蠅 or 蝿はえ
Ladybug天道虫てんとうむしlit. insect of path in the heavens
Cicada蟬 or 蝉せみ