JLPT Guide/JLPT N3 Grammar

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Here is a list of the grammar points likely encountered on level N3 of the Japanese Language Proficiency Test. There is no official list, so it is possible that other grammar points may be seen. JLPT N5 grammar and JLPT N4 grammar are likely to be seen on the N3 test but are not listed again here -- see their respective pages.

Grammar point Meaning
~ようになる A change which has taken place or will take place.
~ことになる To be decided, to be arranged.
~とても~ない Can't possibly
~らしい Seems like, Hearsay
~て初めて Only when ~, that ~; It is not until ~, that ~
~ないで Without doing ~
~によって Depending on ~
~のような
~ば~ほど The more ~ the ~er something gets (the more you study the smarter you get)
N+ばかり Nothing but ~
AはBで有名 ~ A is famous for B
N+を始め
~は~くらいです
~さえ~ば
ほど To the extent
まま In its current state
わざわざ
~としたら If we assume ~
~たものだ
~たて
~ぐらい
~かえって
~には~の~がある
~っぽい Characteristic of ~
~に関する
まさか
まい
きり
いったい(一体) "What in the world?"
ふり
どうやら
おかげで Thanks to ~
さらに(更に) Furthermore
すでに(既に)
つい
むしろ
さえ
~になれる
~に違いない There is no doubt that ~, I am sure that ~
なかなか
~ために
~ず Without doing ~ (shortened form of ~ないで)
~によると According to, Due to, By means of
~代わり Instead of ~
ようにする
~始める To start to ~
~ても
~として As ~, In the role of ~
ように In order that ~
こそ (Emphasis)
~ないうちに Before ~ happens (before it rains, ~)
どうしても By all means, At any rate
~がち
せいぜい As far as possible, At the most
限る
~とともに~
~たび~
すぎない(過ぎない)
おいて(於いて)
~げ
つもりで

This list of grammar terms was compiled by Jonathan Waller, [1]. Some definitions from JGram, [2].