Introduction to Philosophy/Anarchism

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What is Anarchism?[edit]

Anarchism is defined as the abolition of the state, and the end of the state. Anarchist society is a way to organize relations among people. It refers to a relationship among humans based on the ideal liberalism: often formulated as "my freedom ends when your freedom begins". Anarchism incorporates the doctrine of liberalism and left-idealism into one ideology, where everyone is equal.

Anarchist Schools of Thought[edit]


Anarcho-syndicalism is based around the concept of the trade union as a catalyst for revolution. Anarchist Catalonia during the Spanish Civil War was split between syndicalism and anarcho-communism. Key principles of syndicalism include worker's solidarity, direct action, and worker's self-management, and famous syndicalist thinkers include Rudolf Rocker and Noam Chomsky.


Mutualism was formulated by Pierre-Joseph Proudhon in his 1840 treatise, "What is Property?". Often described as "free market anti-capitalism", mutualism is based on ideas of a society where workers freely exchange their means of production. Famous mutualist thinkers include Pierre-Joseph Proudhon and Kevin Carson.

Post-left anarchy[edit]

Post-left anarchy is based on the concept that anarchism transcends left-right politics, and is closely associated with post-structuralist, primitivist and insurrectionary ideas. Famous post-left thinkers include Hakim Bey and Wolfi Landstreicher.


A rejection of any form of governmental authority or intervention, and the upholding of the competitive free market as the main mechanism for social interaction.