Interesting social sciences/Introduction
History of creation of my textbook
I wrote this textbook of 30 years. I translated the text of my textbook from Russian into English still 3 years and I continue this work today. That to reduce own work on the translation of the textbook in English, I have reduced the text of the Russian textbook in 2 times. For this purpose I have chosen the most important and most interesting information from the text of the Russian textbook.
The main center of my textbook is my theory of the social conflict and social control. The relations of the conflict and control are the main human relations in society. I have for the first time presented these ideas about a role of the conflict and control in society in 1980 as the term paper on the second year of philosophical faculty of Ural university (Yekaterinburg). On the second year I heard nothing about the western sociology yet and therefore I considered the theory about the conflicts and control as a kind of the General theory of systems. I read Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels and Vladimir Lenin's works only on the first course of philosophical faculty and since then I related critically to Marxism and Hegel's dialectics. Though teachers at the university forced us to study Marxism and dialectics at the Soviet power. I listened to lectures on psychology at the first year of the university which were given by the professional hypnotist professor Matveev who has explained us essence of hypnosis. I consider hypnosis a kind of psychological control. Studying of schools and the directions in the western sociology on the 6th course of the university became for me shock, especially in comparison with the Soviet Marxism and Hegel's dialectics which I considered a pseudo science already then. The mechanism of religious control became a subject for my thesis at the ending of the university in 1985.
I used my ideas and the lectures in the course of teaching social science at Secondary school during 13 years, this teaching has allowed me to write new articles and to perfect my style of compositions. I published my ideas in 24 articles in university scientific collections. I live in the city Berezniki in the deep province in the Urals and therefore I was forced to go for books of authorities of the western sociology to Perm, Yekaterinburg and Moscow. It turned out that almost all texts of books of authorities of the western sociology exist in network of the Internet in the English and Russian languages that allowed to me to make, in particular, references to these books not only in the text of the Russian-speaking edition of my textbook, but also in the text of the this English-language edition of my textbook.
I have published for own money the brochure "Let the Loser Cry" (This brochure is devoted to the theory about interrelation between the conflict and control) (5000 copies, 8 pages) in 1992. I have published for own money the textbook "Interesting sociology" (200 copies, 143 pages) in publishing house of the Solikamsk university in 1997 and I have dispatched this textbook on libraries of Russia. I have published my textbook "Interesting Social Science" on the Internet in 2009, and then I have published my textbook "Interesting Social Sciences" on the Russian Wikipedia. I have won a prize on the website Russian Wikipedia in 2015 for own textbook on the website Викиучебник (Wikibooks) for the greatest number of changes. I publish him on English Wikipedia in the reduced option now.
The second center of my textbook is my theory about the personality types. I have begun to develop this theory in 1998. I have conducted empirical researches of the personality types of at secondary school, in Berezniki jobcenter, in women's Supermax prison in town Berezniki. The most interesting and most important question is choice of profession, choice of channels of the vertikal circulation and the choice of the spouse on the basis of the personality type. Statement of the theory about the personality types allows to make my textbook interesting.
Main concepts of sociology
In my opinion, the interrelation between the conflict and control is the main paradigm for all social sciences and I am going to establish the essence of all (15) social sciences in turn: anthropology, psychology, philosophy, sociology, politology, jurisprudence, economics, ecology, ethics, sociology of religion, cultural studies, pedagogy, theory of scientific revolutions, demography, ethnosociology.
Neil Smelser and John J. Macionis considered that the culture is the main concept of sociology. In my opinion, the concept "culture" has no clear definition, nobody knows that this concept means therefore such concept can't be the main concept in sociology. In my opinion, two sociological concepts (social conflict and social control) are the main concept in sociology and in social sciences. These two concepts (social conflict and social control) are interrelated with each other. On the one hand, the winner in the conflict becomes controller before following outburst of conflict. Loser become the object of control. Loser is forced to die or to give to the winner a sphere of influence. On the other hand, controller is forced to support an optimal level of severity of sanctions of social control, because too strict or too soft level of severity of sanctions of social control lead to the new outburst of conflict because subject of control begins to doubt in ability of controller to fulfill its functions in this case. It is possible to solve many controversial problems of conflict theory, anthropology, psychology, theory of systems, philosophy, sociology, politology, jurisprudence, economics, ethics, religion study, cultural studies, pedagogy, history of science and history of society with the help these two concepts (social conflict and social control). The main part of my work is built on consecutive statement of content for these sciences with a focus on relations of social conflict and social control between people. In my opinion, it is necessary to build the textbook of social sciences exactly thus. I consider that society is complex developing system, which has gone through four stages of development in its history, through four formations – primitive‐communal formation, slaveholding formation, feudal formation and capitalistic formation. The main great social inventions are new kinds of social conflict and social control that were invented in process of history. Thus, I have attempted to rise on the shield partially forgotten idea of social progress.
The main questions of my theory about the personality types
Relying on the theory of Carl Gustav Jung about personality types, I created the psychological theory, which makes it possible to make a large quantity of forecasts about the inclinations in the behavior of people. Then these forecasts can be checked in empirical studies. I carried out studies in the school, in bureau for jobcenter and in the women's Supermax prison already. My theory about personality types does my textbook interesting. I will give answers in my textbook to the following questions:
- How is it possible to choose a profession or the husband?
- How is it possible to marry on rich person?
- How is it possible to avoid marriage on the woman who has a inclination to adulteries to her husband?
- How is it possible to select personnel?
- How is it possible to do career and choose channels of the vertikal circulation?
- How is it possible to define suitability degree to a role of the politician, artist or chief?
- What reasons do exist for crime and unemployment?
- What inclinations do exist in training at different the personality types?
- How is it possible to support discipline at a lesson?