Pilea pumila

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Pilea pumila

Pilea pumila01.jpg
Binomial:Pilea pumila
Conditions:Sun to medium shade
Seed Dispersal:Dropping
Seed Banking:Long term
Vegetative Spread:None

Pilea pumila, known as Clearweed, Canadian clearweed, Coolwort, or Richweed is an annual plant native to most of North America east of the Rockies. The plants are generally erect, 10 to 70 cm tall, often occurring in large colonies, and are quite common throughout their range both as a woodland plant and a weed of gardens.

Description[edit | edit source]

The foliage is opposite, simple with dentate margins, wrinkly (with depressed veins), ovate, and with long petioles. Both the leaves and stems are translucent and bright green, turning bright yellow in autumn. The flowers are small, borne in axillary cymes, unisexual with both genders occurring on the same plant, greenish yellow, and pollinated by wind. Flowers bloom from midsummer through early autumn. Fruits (achenes) are green with purple markings. Roots are fibrous, shallow, and adventitious off the stem in moist areas or when in contact with the soil.

Ecology[edit | edit source]

This plant is most often found in rich, moist soils in both sunny and shaded locations.

Uses[edit | edit source]

It is sometimes grown as a ground cover for its attractive foliage, but this should be done with caution as the plant easily gets out of control, and can develops long-lasting seed banks if allowed to go to seed. They do form a heavy canopy, and so will keep other weeds down quite effectively.

It can also be grown as forage for deer and goats.

Control[edit | edit source]

  • Pulling: Should be done as early as possible before the plants develop seeds. The plants pull quite easily, but if they are well established, new plants will germinate within 2-3 weeks, depending on rainfall.
  • Contact herbicides (synthetic): Can sometimes be problematic because of the glabrous foliage.
  • Disposal: These plants will continue to grow in the compost pile if not completely covered. If flowers are present, they should not be added to cold piles.

References[edit | edit source]