History of wireless telegraphy and broadcasting in Australia/Topical/Biographies/Laurence Richard Hopkins Jensen/Notes

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GAZETTE NOTICES. The following appointments are notified in tonight's Gazette:— . . . Geo. Bullock to be Postmaster at Lilydale; A. J. Parsons, ditto at Golconda; Carl Jensen, ditto at Dunorlan; . . . .[1]

Notices of Births, Marriages, and Deaths. must be authenticated. Charge, THREE SHILLINGS each insertion. Marriages. JENSEN—HOPKINS.— On 10th July, at the Liffey, Bishopsbourne, by the Rev. C. J. Brammall, Carl Frantz Jensen, of Dunorlan, to Eveline Maude, eldest daughter of the late Richard K. Hopkins, of Hattondale, Carrick. . . .[2]



















PERSONAL. . . . . Mr. Carl F. Jensen, stationmaster at Leith, is at present enjoying a much needed fortnight's holiday, and is being relieved by Mr Wheeler. [3]

ABOUT PEOPLE. . . . . On Thursday evening last a large number of residents of Dunorlan and the surrounding districts made a presentation to Mr. Carl Jensen and his wife. Up till a short time since Mr. Jensen had been in charge of the local railway station, a position he had filled for about 16 years. Mr. W. F. von Bibra presided, and spoke in high terms of praise of Mr. Jensen's many good qualities. Mr. J. Best, M.H.A., made the presentations. Mrs. Jensen received a silver tea and coffee set, and Mr. Jensen a gold watch. Other speakers were Messrs. E. T. Hingston, J. Flynn, and G. E. Stephens. Mr. Jensen suitably responded. During the evening items were given by Misses Keating, Walsh, Stephens, Messrs. Hood, Talbot, Miss Nella Fair, and Mr. John Flynn.[4]




LEITH. . . . . Presentation.— Misses Herring and Cearns, who had the management of the Carl Jensen presentation, have been very successful, the people responding readily. On Monday last, a travelling rug was forwarded to Mr. Jensen, who is now stationmaster at Apsley, His place at Leith has been filled by Mr. Fleming.[5]




PERSONAL. . . . Mr. V. C. S. Harris, who has been station master at Railton for the past 18 months, has been transferred to Newtown, and leaves this week for the South. Previously Mr. Harris (who is a brother of Sub-Inspector Harris, of Devonport) was stationmaster at Parattah. Mr. Harris will be succeeded by Mr. Carl Jensen, now of the New Norfolk station, and formerly for many years at Dunorlan.[6]





THE STATE SCHOOLS. RESULTS OF QUALIFYING EXAMS. STATE HIGH AND JUNIOR TECHNICAL SCHOOLS. As a result of the examination held on December 2 last, the following pupils of State schools have qualified for admission to the State High Schools at Hobart, Launceston, and Devonport, the intermediate High School at Burnie, and the junior tech-nical schools at Hobart, Launceston, Queenstown, and Zeehan. The qualifying certificate will be issued to each pupil who has been certified by the teacher to have attended regularly at a State school, and to have satisfactorily completed the course of study in all subjects prescribed for the sixth class. The successful candidates who desire to attend should present themselves at the State High Schools at Hobart, Launceston, Devonport, and the intermediate High School, Burnie, on Tuesday, February 3; at the junior technical schools at Hobart and Launceston on Monday, February 9, or at the junior technical schools at Queenstown and Zeehan on Monday February 16. Four courses of study are provided at the high schools, and a technical course at the junior technical schools. The courses at the high schools are:— (a) A course for pupils preparing for the teachers' profession. (b) A general course of four years' work leading to the University. (c) A commercial course for pupils preparing for business careers. (d) A domestic course for girls. Pupils should be prepared to state on entry which course they desire to follow. The total number of candidates was 1427, of whom 981 passed the examination. In addition to the children of State schools mentioned hereunder, a number of candidates from private schools passed the examination. As the large majority of these candidates entered for the purpose of competing for bursaries, their results are not published, but will be forwarded to the headmasters of their respective schools in due course. Since this examination was inaugurated in November, 1912, 5115 candidates, have obtained the qualifying certificate. List of pupils who passed the qualifying examination:— . . . . Railton: Ellinor Allford, Ernest Cooper, Adeline Donnelly, Jack Hamilton, Laurence Jensen, Mary Ling, Iris O'Neill, Ethel White, Horace White, Cyril Wearne.[7]



'POLITICAL POINTS. . . . The P.P.A. has chosen a good team for Darwin, and should secure at least one seat for the party. Mr. R. Franks, of Elliott, and Mr. C. A. Dunning, of Ulverstone, are men who are likely to poll a good vote. In Wilmot the selection is not likely to be nearly so strong. The seven offering for pre-election are Albert William Bendall, Thomas John Butler, Thomas Doyle, Roland Robert French, Aylmer Green, Carl Frantz Jensen and Arthur T. Lade.[8]


TASMANIAN RAILWAYS. FURTHER GRIEVANCES. PROCEEDINGS AT DEVONPORT. DEVONPORT, Thursday.— The Royal Commission on Railways took further evidence to-day. The Com-mission consists, of Messrs G. W. Stead-(chairman), F. Lindsay Gunn, and A. W. Burbury. . . . SUGGESTIONS NOT ACKNOWLEDGED. Carl F. Jensen, formerly station master for many years, said he had written many times when in the department to the Commissioner making suggestions for the good of the department in dealing with passenger traffic, but he never got his letters acknowledged. . . .[9]


FEATURES OF THE DAY. . . . Public Examinations: The results of the Leaving Examinations conducted by the University of Tasmania are published in this issue. It will be noted that pupils of the Devonport High School have been successful. In the pass list Thelma Atkinson, Freda Lloyd, K. R. Ready, and R. D. Wright secured passes and qualified for matriculation. The latter student secured eight credits. L. R. Jensen, K. V. Harris, and W .A. Rundle also secured passes. B. D. Wright also qualified for three scholarships and one exhibition, namely, science, general and the Gilchrist Watt scholarships and a Sir Richard Dry exhibition (mathematics).[10]

DEVONPORT. . . . Young Wireless Expert: Master Laurence Jensen, who has just completed his course at the High school, where he passed the Leaving examination at the end of the year, has been making quite a name for himself as a wireless expert. He has installed at his father's house a receiving set, and nightly listens to the wireless waves which come over the seas from as far as Townsville, and even from New Zealand. Melbourne and Sydney, as well as Adelaide, are "picked up" every night, the principal items being the weather forecasts and shipping intelligence. The ticking of the wireless operators may be plainly heard on the partly home-made instruments, but to read the messages a knowledge of the Morse code is of course essential. Master Jensen has well mastered this part of his task, and is quite expert as an operator. When this lad was 12 years of age, his father then being then the popular stationmaster at Railton, the lad installed electric light in his room. As "The Advocate" of that time recorded, it was the first and only electric light installation in the town.[11]

DEVONPORT. . . . . Wireless Wonders: Much has been written about the triumphs of wireless telegraphy and telephony, especially relating to the broadcasting of messages and concerts for hundreds of miles. Reference was recently made to the success which has been achieved in intercepting messages from the air by Master Laurence Jensen. Master Frank Slater, of Sheffield, is also a wireless enthusiast, and his father, Mr. J. F. Slater, has purchased for him a wireless listening-in set which has given good results. The set has been brought to Devonport, and given a trial on the aerial at Mr. C. Jensen's residence, Middle road. At first the results were disappointing, but with the use of a new section in place of one which was damaged success has been achieved, and last evening concerts and speeches delivered in Sydney were not only plainly audible but enjoyable. The listener had to attach a receiver to the ear, but it is also possible to secure a "loud speaker" which makes the messages or music plainly audible to all that may be in the vicinity.[12]

DEVONPORT HIGH SCHOOL. Annual Fair. A CREDITABLE DISPLAY. The annual fair in aid of the funds of the Devonport High School was opened at the school assembly hall last night by the Warden. The object of the fair is to provide funds for the school equipment, quite a number of articles required for this purpose not being supplied by the Education Department. In most functions of the kind preparations are made many weeks beforehand, but in order to interfere with the school work as little as possible the head teacher (Mr. H. V. Biggins) and staff last year hit upon the idea of confining practically all the work of preparation to one week. This experiment proved quite successful, over £100 being realised as a result of last year's effort, and it is hoped that similar or even greater success will be achieved this year. The display at the school is a striking example of what can be achieved in a short space of time by the hearty co-operation of the staff, parents and scholars. In one room there is a wireless set established by Messrs. Wills and Co., of Launceston, and this was the centre of a good deal of interest. Adjoining this is a concert room, where half-hour concerts were given by the pupils, a small charge being made for admission. In the school kitchen was a tempting display of toothsome cakes, pastry, etc., for which there was a brisk demand in the two supper rooms nearby. Among the stalls the produce, cake, and jumble and sweet stalls attracted chief attention, the display of vegetables, potatoes, apples, jams, jellies, preserves, sauces, etc., being very fine. The fancy stall was also well equipped, the jumble stall containing many useful articles and toys made by boys of the school, while goods donated by parents and business people were also very numerous. Home-made sweets were very much in evidence, and in these, as usual, brisk trade was done by the youthful vendors. A room was set apart for competitions and games of various descriptions, a shooting gallery and a ping-pong tournament conducted in this room being well patronised. In addition there is the usual fish pond and other minor attractions, without which no fair would be complete. The fair contains many attractions for young and old, and this fact, together with the laudable object for which it has been arranged, should ensure the liberal patronage accorded the function last night being renewed this afternoon and evening, when it will be concluded. In asking the Warden (Cr. G. M. Spilsbury) to open the fair, Mr. Biggins expressed the thanks of the school for the ready response to the appeal for help for the fair. He specially thanked Messrs. Wills & Co., of Launceston, and Mr. M'Cabe., who had come to give the wireless demonstration. He had also to thank the Warden for the support that he had always given to the school and for his presence there to open the fair. The Warden said that he had great pleasure in being present, and the show on the stalls was a great credit to those concerned. He was pleased with the way in which the school had helped itself. He hoped that the fair would be a great success, and then declared it open. Later, the Warden presented medals to H. Smith (athletic champion of the school), A. Thorne (junior champion), and a brooch to M. Osborne (girl champion). The stallholders were:— Jumble stall: Mr. Briggs, assisted by boys of C class. Produce: Mr. Scott, assisted by.boys from D and C classes. Cordials: A. Thorne, K. George, K. Fraser and K. Weatherhead. Flower stall: Miss Russell, aided by girls of E class. Old scholars' produce stall: Messrs. Cole, Coleman, Barrett and other old scholars. Old scholars' combined cake and sweets stall: Misses M. I. Leicester, C. H. Wood, M. Wilson, P. Richards and F. Cutts. Sweets stall: Miss Williams, aided by Misses M. Wellard, M. Bramich and other girls of B class. Cake: Miss Brown, assisted by Misses Ruth Richards, Theta McCullagh and Vera Frame. Fish pond: Misses J. Pearce, B. Harris, N. Ratcliffe and A. Rayner. Fancy stalls: Misses Geeves and Headlam, assisted by girls of C class. Afternoon tea and supper: Miss Eddie and girls of D class. Amusements: A number of games were set out in the boys' common room and were in charge of the following:— Aunt Sally: L. Hope. Shooting gallery: A. Moles and E. Brown. Skittles: R. Mulligan. "Doodlum Buck": E. Smith. Bobs and ping-pong: L. Faulkiner and C. Masterman. Wireless demonstrations were given by a representative of Messrs. Wills and Co., of Launceston, assisted by L. Jensen and L. Nibbs. Jellies and Cream: M. Bramich and Beth Hill; parcels Office, R. Stops and C. Cooper.[13]

THE RADIO WORLD. WEEKLY WIRELESS JOTTINGS. CONDUCTED BY "GRID LEAK." . . . . DEVONPORT. Mr. L. R. Jensen of Devonport writes and says "I have been reading with interest your column in the "Daily Telegraph," every Saturday and wishes the column every success." He also states that he has for the past three or four months been receiving 2FC Farmer's broadcasting service, Sydney, on a crystal set. (I shall be glad if you will forward me particulars of the circuit you are using for publication in this column. "Grid Leak.")[14]

DEVONPORT NOTES. Mr. L. R. Jensen of Middle road, West Devonport, writes with regard to his reception of Farmer's on a crystal set and sends the following details. Aerial, three wires 60 feet long, T type, 30 feet high at both ends, lead in about 50 feet long; the earth wire is connected to a water pipe. The tuner consists of either (1) single coil (2) loose coupler (3) variometer. I employ Galena and QSA crystals in the detector. I use Murdock's 3000 ohm double head set. The earliest I have heard Farmer's is about 7 o'clock in the evening when they were just audible, and later on on some nights the music, etc., is as loud as the commercial stations, but it is not always loud enough to catch what is being said. All the apparatus is home made.[15]

RADIO. (CONDUCTED BY "GRID LEAK.") . . . . 3LO AT DEVONPORT. Mr. L. R. Jensen, of Devonport, writes as follows: I beg to report having heard the new Melbourne broadcasting station (3LO) on a crystal on Monday, the 13th inst., when he was very weak, and again on Wednesday, the 15th inst., when he was somewhat louder than Farmer's (2FC), who were weaker than usual. I did not try on the Tuesday night, owing to bad QRN (atmospherics.) I would be glad if you could kindly give me an idea of the present power of 3LO, and when this is likely to be increased. — (I have no idea at the present time the power used at 3LO; I understand that the full 5000 watts is in the aerial, but that amount of power at the present time is not being modulated. Very likely next week I will be able to give you the desired information in this column.— "Grid Leak.")[16]

DEVONPORT. Wireless Concert: A final reminder is given of the wireless concert which is to be held at the Town Hall tonight. The wireless set will be in charge of Mr. Scanlon, brother of the Queen of Commerce (Miss Phyllis Scanlon), and it is claimed that the instrument is one of the finest in the Slate. In addition there will be other items of entertainment which should ensure a satisfactory "house." . . . . Wireless Demonstration: An opportunity will be afforded the public of Devonport to enjoy a practical demonstration of the wonders of wireless. Mr. W. Scanlon, of Launceston, brother of Miss Scanlon, the Queen of Commerce, will give the demonstration in the Town Hall when mainland concerts will be picked up on a western electric receiving set and broadcasted by a loud speaker which will render the messages plainly audible in all parts of the hall. Mr. Scanlon, who is a specialist in wireless, arrived with his set during the weekend from Launceston and experiments in receiving on Saturday proved very satisfactory. Last evening further experiments were made, but owing apparently to thunder storms the atmospherics were somewhat disturbed. Among the items picked up was a sermon by Rev. Hoban at the Wesley Church, Melbourne. Mr. J. Jensen, a local wireless enthusiast, assisted in the setting up of the set. Mr. Scanlon requests the owners of private receiving sets not to operate this evening as it would interfere with the performance at the Town Hall, which commences at 8 o'clock.[17]

DEVONPORT. . . . . Success in Wireless: Mr. G. Kempling, of Devonport, has received word that his son, Mr. Allen G. Kempling, has arrived in Hobart from South Australia to supervise the installation of a wireless plant there. Mr. Kempling has had much success the wireless world, and some time ago was superintendent at Willis Island station, off the coast of Queensland. It is interesting to note that more than one Devonport boy has been making good in wireless, including Mr. W. Scanlon, who is engaged in the work at Launceston. Mr. Scanlon, who was in Devonport recently, visited Mr. Laurence Jensen's installation at his father's residence, Middle road, and expressed himself in very complimentary terms of Mr. Jensen's efforts, as the installation, which had proved very effective, was nearly all made by the young enthusiast, who should have a future to look forward to when wireless comes into its own, as it promises in the near future to do.[18]


MUNICIPAL COUNCIL. BUSINESS AT LAST WEEK’S MEETING. The Municipal Council met at Smithton on Thursday, when there were present Crs. D. Brown (Warden), A. J. Boys, A. W. Ford, J. T. Moore, A. Wells, T. J. King, W. J. Waters, W. A. Lee, G. Acheson, A. Wood, B. Young, and M. O’Halloran. Apologies were received from Crs. K. C. Laughton and H. F. Ford, who were in Launceston. . . . Educational. School appointment advices were: Mr. J. Begent and Mr. T. Burns to East Marrawah; Miss G. Pithhouse to Allen Creek; Mr L. Parish to Rogerton; Mr. J. A. Begent to West Montagu; Mr. L. Jensen to Trowutta (school re-opened); and Mr. B. Lewis to Marrawah; Miss I. J. Morgan to Stanley. The Education Dept. wrote asking what action had been taken re the irregular attendance of children of three families — Kelly, Turmine and Radford. Irregular attendance returns were received from Stanley, Nabageena, Rocky Cape, East Marrawah and Forest.[19]

Wireless Enthusiast: Mr. C. F. Jensen has received word from his son, Mr. Laurence Jensen, who is now in charge of the Trowutta school, that he has been successful in passing his wireless examination, and will shortly receive a transmitting license. Mr. L. Jensen has fitted up a wireless plant at Trowutta, and is getting good results. He was one of the pioneers in wireless at Devonport, and has shown much proficiency in the art of what promises to be the coming medium for the transmission of messages.[20]

MUNICIPAL COUNCIL. PROCEEDINGS AT MARCH MEETING. The Municipal Council met at Smithton on Thursday last, when there were present Crs. D. Brown (Warden), H. F. Ford, A. Wood, M. O'Halloran, B. Young, T. J. King, W. J. Waters, G. Acheson, W. A. Dee and A. W. Wells, and the Clerk, Mr. M. Brumby. Cr. Ford apologised for the absence of Crs. Boys and Laughton. Educational. The Education Department advised that Mr. W. L. Garrard had been appointed to charge of Marrawah state school vice Mr. Lewis transferred; Miss P. Lodge to West Montagu vice Mr. Begent transferred. I. V. Burke, head teacher Rocky Cape, wrote re application to have a track cut around the school fence and the scrub burnt. The Director of Education and the Inspector visited the school on Thursday last and gave authority to carry on with it. L. R. Jensen, head teacher Trowutta, wrote notifying that a number of repairs were required at the school. Misses H. Ferguson and V. Bowler wrote they commenced duties at Smithton school as Junior Teachers on March 2. Irregular attendance returns were received from West Forest, Forest, Stanley, Nabageena, Rocky Cape, Marrawah and East Marrawah schools.[21]

EDUCATIONAL APPOINTMENTS. The "Educational Record" for July contains notification of the following appointments: . . . . Students in Teachers' College — Course B — E. Mackie, A. Dunbar, O. Morrison, E. M. Duff, E. E. Norman, B. Standrin, V. Johnston, L. R. Jensen, J. Begent, E. T. A. Crawford, T. T. Rocher, G. Hall, H. Nichols.[22]

Radio Notes. . . . TRANSMITTING LICENSES. There are fourteen active transmitters in Tasmania and most of them have gone down on the very short waves. The latest list is as follows:— Hobart.— 7AH, F. W. Medhurst, Lower Sandy Bay; 7JB, J. V. Brooks, Hobart; 7OM, R.D. O'May, Bellerive; 7RB, R. Buring, Hobart; 7DX, T. Watkins, Hobart. Launceston.- 7AB, Arthur Smith, Launceston; 7BH, Sheldric, E. C., Launceston; 7BQ, A. L. Crooks, Launceston; 7PF, P. O. Fysh, Launceston. Country Districts.- 7AG, J. C. Milne, Gretna; 7BK, A. G. Preston, Queenstown; 7GD, G. A. Douglas, Gormanston; 7LJ, L. R. Jensen, Trowutta; 7GH, G. L. Hall, Waddamana. It will be noted that 7AA has had his call altered to 7DX. I think that this is rather a pity, as he has made such good use of the old one and has made it known in so many districts. 7AA is the first transmitter that I remember in Hobart, though there may have been one or two others before him. The call belongs to the history of wireless in Tasmania and deserves notice.[23]

"ON THE AIR." DX Notes By "Amplex." . . . . A new amateur transmitter to come on the air lately was Mr. L. Jensen, owner-operator of station 7LJ. Mr. Jensen is a fast transmitter, and according to reports his signals are a pleasure to listen to.[24]

EAVESDROPPED! AN INTERESTING RADIO EXPERIENCE. U.S. Warship Talks to England. While listening-in on a wavelength of 45 metres on Sunday afternoon, Mr. T. Watkins, the well-known Hobart wireless experimenter, had the unique experience of picking up a two-way conversation carried out by wireless telephone between the United States warship Seattle and an experimental station in the United Kingdom, operated by the president of the British Radio Society, Mr. Gerald Marcuse. There were present with Mr. Watkins when the messages were picked up Messrs. R. O'May and L. Jensen, both of whom heard the conversation quite distinctly. The first indication Mr. Watkins received of something being "on the air" was when he heard the Sydney amateur station 2CM calling G2OD, London, the first English amateur station to establish wireless communication with Australia. While endeavoring to tune in to the messages being exchanged between the above two stations. Mr. Watkins was surprised to hear the American warship NRRL, which appeared to be operating on a wavelength of 40 metres. The English station commenced by transmitting gramophone music:— N.R.R.L.— Put on some jazzy ones. Hi, hi (the radio laugh). (Later): What about "It 'Aint Gonna Rain no More"? That's better, I am receiving you O.K. At about 6.15 a.m. (Greenwich time) the English station, began to call an American after first remarking that his transmissions were being carried out on exceedingly low power. It is believed that this was the first occasion that 2NM has been heard in Australia.[25]

TASMANIA. TRANSMITTING LICENSES. 7AB Smith, A. C., 21 High-st., Launceston. 7AG Milne, J. C., Gretna. 7AH Medhurst, F. A., Beach-rd., Lower Sandy Bay. 7AQ MacCabe, W. B., Clarence Point, West Tamar. 7AR Johnson, C. F., 33 Hill-st., West Hobart. 7BC Cave, Norman, 5 Compton-av., Launceston. 7BH Sheldrick, E. C., Richard's av., Launceston. 7BK Preston, T. A. C., King-st., Queenstown. 7BQ Crooks, J. A. L., 64 Frederick-st., Launceston. 7CS Scott, A. C., 14 Law-st., Launceston. 7DX Watkins, W. T., 146 Warwick-st., Hobart. 7GH G. L. Hall, Waddamana. 7GD Douglas, G. A., Lochleven, Gormanston. 7JB Brooks, J. V., 20 Adelaide-st., Hobart. 7LJ Jensen, L. R., State School, Trowutta. 7OM O'May, R. H., Esplanade, Bellerive. 7PF Fysh, P. O., 46 Mary-st., Launceston. 7RB Buring, R., 19 Anglesea-st., South Hobart.[26]

OSCILLATIONS. A Squeak by Our Joey. Who swore that Bob was punching 7LJ's key on Sunday. Does 7HL (??) expect to get all the luck thrown in with that transformer he is buying? Foster is in great demand lately. He seems to have the only copy of James in town. Who is building all the apparatus for the future 7RW? Charlie is sure that the Browning-Drake is the best thing in receiving circuits for B.C.L. work. Which is it going to be next? Lovett is still looking for a transmitter who is going out of business. The B.C.L. set has not yet gone. 7RB has produced another "blue terror." Look on Bob's wall. Congrats to 7PF and 7CS (Launceston. Both have hooked U.S.A. Likewise 7LA and 7AS, who have just open-up in the transmitting game. Did anyone hear any joeys on 3LO's election results at 10 o'clock on Saturday? Gobbo has been unusually quiet and retiring lately. What is the matter? Or should we say "who"? Reports indicate "QRK but QSB" since Watty installed the new "bottle." Jack has hit the limit in DX. What is he going to do now? Follow 5BG?[27]


Short Wave Transmission. A DEVONPORT wireless enthusiast, Mr. L. R. Jensen, operator of radio 7LJ, writes:— As I have been operating my short wave wireless transmitter, a 7LJ, in this district for the last few weeks, I thought perhaps a description of the set would be of some interest to you, especially as I believe this is the first amateur wireless transmitter to be worked along the Coast. Previously I worked the set in Hobart, but during the holidays I obtained special permission to transmit from West Devonport. Practically every night since about the 25th of December, 1925, I have been in communication with other experimenters in Hobart, with whom I have been carrying out tests. Although my power is very small — less than 5 watts and there is a fair amount of screening between here and Hobart, I have had no difficulty in working Hobart stations at night, and also on one occasion in daylight. The aerial, which is of the inverted L type, consists of a single 7-20 wire, 50 feet long, and 25 feet high at the highest end, while the counterpoise, which is used in place of an earth for the transmitter, is a 3-wire fan, 60 feet long, and 10 feet high. An ordinary water pipe earth is used on the receiver, which is a 3-coil single-valve (DV3), semi-low loss affair. This receiver has given good results on short waves, and has brought in signals from foreign amateurs with good readable strength. A single U.V.201a is used as a transmitting valve, the plate being supplied with current from the electric mains through a chemical rectifier, while a transformer supplies the necessary 6 volts to light the filament. With a loosely-coupled shunt-feed Hartley circuit, the transmitter radiates approximately .25 amperes on a wave length of 87 metres. Morse code is regularly used for communicating, but occasionally — during tests — 7LV comes on the air using 'phone, chiefly transmitting records. Loop modulation is then used. So far no DX telephony has been attempted, but in the future I hope to devote more attention to telephony. Since I have been transmitting I have been in communication (two-way work) with amateurs in five out of the six Australian States (Western Australia being the exception) and with both islands of New Zealand. Owing to a fear of interfering with broadcast listeners using comparatively unselective receivers, 7LJ is not operated during the period 8-10 p.m., but may be heard working practically every night after 10 p.m. on the 85 — 95 amateur wave length band. I would be very pleased to receive reports on reception of 7LJ, especially as regards strength, note, fading, swinging, etc., also information as to type of receiver used. All work is carefully logged, so that reports may be checked up, and the information gained noted for future testing. In conclusion, I wish you a Happy and Prosperous Radio New Year, and the best of luck with your "Radio Notes" in "The Advocate," — Yours truly, L. R. JENSEN, Middle Road, West Devonport.[28]

THE RADIO WORLD. WEEKLY WIRELESS JOTTINGS. CONDUCTED BY "GRID LEAK." . . . . 7LJ, who is at present at Devonport for a holiday, is putting some hefty signals on the air, using one receiving valve and the house lighting mains for his plate supply.[29]

WIRELESS NOTES. . . . . 7LJ from "Speck" (Tasmania) is heard here now and then using rectified A.C. for plate supply. Signals not very strong, but should reach around Australia in darkness.[30]

COASTAL STATION. Stations Received and Worked. ON SINGLE VALVE RECEIVER. THE operator of radio station A7LJ, Mr. L. R. Jensen, Middle Road, West Devonport, forwards a copy of stations logged during the period December 25, 1925, to January 31, 1926, inclusive: Stations Received (All on single valve receiver): Australia: 2CG, 2WI, 2JR, 2BW, 2HR, 2SS, 2HM, 2EC, 2LM, 2DG, 2NS, 2BY, 2OG, 2JT, 2RJ, 2JW, 2CX, 2GC, 2IJ, 2OD, 2WH, 2MH, 2ZN, 2RD, 2UI, 2OB, 3JR, 3OG, 3OT, 3AU, 3VP, 3UI, 3KB, 3EF, 3LP, 3BM, 3JK, 3JR, 3BD, 3CB, 3JS, 3HL, 3JP, 3BL, 3GM, 3EL, 3YM, 6AM, 6AG, 4RB, 4BR, 4CM, 5DM, 5RM, 5BD, 5WW, 5BF, 5DX, 5HM, 5RK, 5AM, 5BF, 5AH, 5AY, 5DA, 5BG, 5RC, 7DX, 7WT, 7OM, 7WI, 7BQ, 7BC, 7CS, 7GD, 7GH, N.Z., 2AQ, 1AX, 1AQ, 1AF. Miscellaneous: K1O, W1Z, GDVB, KEL, K1ONS, VIT, NEQQ, NPM, Phillipines Is., 1HR. Stations Worked: 2HM, 2WH, 2LM, 2MH, 3AU, 3CB, 3LP, 3BQ, 3EL, 4RB, 5RG, 5BD, 5RK, 5AM, 5BF, 6AM, 7DX, 7WT, 7BQ, 7WI, 7CS, 7GD, 7OM, 7BC, 3JP, 2DG, N.Z., 1AF. All the stations were logged on wavelengths less than 100 metres, the majority being on 80 metres.[31]


SWIMMING. JUNIOR TECHNICAL SCHOOL SPORTS. SUCCESSFUL PROGRAMME. The annual swimming programme of the Junior Technical School was held at the Sandy Bay Baths yesterday afternoon. The function was successful in every way, the various races being keenly competed notwithstanding the coolness of the water. The success was largely due to the efforts of the sportsmaster (Mr. E. L. Willison), who organised the programme. Mr. T. W. Rees, the swimming master, and the various members of the staff. The officials were:— Judges, Messrs. F. Ellis and R. Hudspeth; diving, Mr. S. Cunningham; call stewards, Messrs. G. Speers and H. Whitton; starter and handicapper, Mr. T. W. Rees; result stewards, Messrs. H. Wigan and A. Fulton; line stewards, Messrs. Michael and L. R. Jensen. Results:— 50yds. Senior Handicap.— B. Hales, 1; A. Cresswell, 2; H. Ayers, 3. 50yds. Breast-stroke Handicap.— B. Hales, 1; W. Forsythe, 2; Les McGuire, 3. Junior Championship (50yds.), under 13. — B. Ward, 1; T. Frier, 2; D. Large, 3. Junior Championship (50yds.), under 15. — A. Cresswell, 1; H. Ayers, 2; B. Forsythe, 3. Beginners' Race.— W. Clennett, 1; K. Walker 2; J. Simpson, 3. 50yds. Handicap (under 13 years).— B. Ward, 1; L. Frier, 2; D. Large, 3. 50yds. Handicap (under 15 years).— H. Ayers, 1; W. Watt, 2; B. Dobson, 3. 100yds. Senior Championship.— B. Hales, 1; A. Cresswell, 2. Teams' Race.— Winners, A section, B section. Junior Championship (under 14 years).— H. Ayers, 1; B. Ward, 2; K. Rumney, 3. Diving Handicap.— B. Forsythe, 1; R. Weatherhead, 2; H. Ayers, 3. Diving for Object.— K. Rumney, 1; P. Murphy, 2.[32]


SMITHTON ITEMS. PERSONAL. . . . . Visitors at Oakley House have been Mr. and Mrs. L. E. Hudson and child, Mr. and Mrs. Woolston, Mr. and Mrs. Gorringe, Messrs. Medhurst and Jensen (Launceston), Archer (Devonport), J. E. Smith (Burnie), F. Hardy (Ulverstone), Miss S. Newman (Devonport), Messrs. Binns and K. Smith (Trowutta). [33]


BREADALBANE FATALITY. Young Woman Thrown From Buggy. Coroner & "Gross Negligence" At the Evandale Council Chambers yesterday morning, before the coroner, Mr. J. V. Gibson, the adjourned inquest into the cause of the death of Miss Gwendoline Keitha Dean, between Western Junction and Breadalbane on the night of February 27, was continued. Inspector Eyles, of Longford, conducted the case for the police, while Mr. J. E. Heritage appeared for the father of the deceased, and Mr. W. Hutchins for George Baylis, the rider of the motorcycle which collided with the vehicle in which deceased was driving. After Dr. McCausland had given evidence as to the cause of death. Inspector Eyles said he proposed to call George Baylis. MIGHT BE BLAMED. Mr. Hutchins immediately objected, stating that it was possible Baylis would be blamed for the accident, and it was unfair for him to be called as the first witness as he (counsel) would decide later whether he would advise his client to give evidence or not. The coroner agreed with Mr. Hutchins's contention. He informed Baylis that he need not give evidence unless he so desired, and Baylis retired. Inspector Eyles then proceeded to call other witnesses. Eileen Doris Dean, sister of the deceased, said she arrived at Western Junction from Hobart by the train about 10 p.m. on the date named. Her sister was there to meet her and had a pony and four-wheeled buggy. Witness got into the vehicle with her sister, who was driving, and they started for Breadalbane. It was bright moonlight, and after having gone about two miles the vehicle was struck. They did not hear anything until the collision. They were thrown out on to the road. Her sister was lying face downwards near the edge of the road and was unconscious. Witness saw a man with a cycle just behind. She first saw him when she sat up after being thrown out of the buggy. They tried to get the cycle to start to go for help, but could not do so. They tried to go for help but George Baylis collapsed. He was hurt in the side. Witness got him on to the side of the road and put the cycle off the road. She heard Baylis say he thought he saw something in front of him. A car came along and took her sister home. NEVER REGAINED CONSCIOUSNESS. Dr. Mccausland, of Evandale, who was called to the home of the deceased, stated that she never regained consciousness, and died at 3.50 p.m. the next day. The cause of death was extensive injuries to the base of the skull received by falling from the buggy on to the metalled road. Arthur Williams said that he arrived at the scene of the accident about 10.30 p.m. on February 27 and saw Laurie Jensen, who said they had upset two girls. He asked for help. Witness replied that his mother's car was coming down the lane. Witness found the buggy upside down. The oil tank of the cycle was broken and part of the magneto. The two men were quite sober He heard Mr. Dean say to Baylis and Jensen, "You boys were the cause of the accident." Baylis said, "We ran into the cart up the road." Nothing more was said. To Mr. Hutchins: He did not know how the accident happened. Elsie Williams deposed to being on the Breadalbane road on the night of February 27, which was fairly clear, but the moon had gone behind the clouds. She saw the buggy and the motor-cycle behind. Both had lights. She heard a crash but did not see what happened to cause the accident. To Mr. Hutchins: When she saw the vehicles the motorcycle was about 100 yards behind the buggy. Baylis was driving slowly, and apparently carefully. Trevor Arthur Thomas, who was in company with the previous witness, stated that he estimated the speed of the motorcycle at from 15 to 20 miles per hour. Both had lights. He could not say how the accident happened. Ada May Williams gave evidence as to having taken the Misses Dean in her motor-car to their home. Nothing was said as to how the accident happened. PILLION RIDER'S EVIDENCE. Laurence Jensen, residing in Galvin Street, Launceston, who was on the pillion seat of the motorcycle ridden by Baylis, stated that they were proceeding from Evandale to Launceston, and when nearing Breadalbane they ran into a buggy. As far as he knew the buggy did not have a light. They were travelling about 20 to 25 miles per hour. The buggy was on its right side, and he did not know how the accident happened, as he could not remember. They did not attempt to pass the buggy on the wrong side. They did not have any drink that night. Neither of them drank. He was dragged under the buggy for about two chains. When he came to, George Baylis had the injured girl on the side of the road. They were just going for help when Arthur Williams arrived. To Mr. Hutchins: Everything was confused and upset after the accident. They made no attempt to hide their identity. They were known to Arthur Williams. Baylis did not do anything neglectful that he knew of. After hearing evidence from Trooper Edwardes the coroner said he found that deceased came to her death through injuries caused in a collision with a motorcycle driven by George Baylis. He proposed to write to the Attorney-General (Hon. H. S. Baker) to look into the case and take further proceedings, as there appeared to him to be gross negligence on the part of the rider of the motorcycle.[34]

POSTAL COMMUNICATIONS. Partial Restoration. Help of Wireless Amateurs. Deputy-Director's Comment. The Deputy Director of Posts and Telegraphs (Mr. J. E. Monfries), commenting last night on the interruption of telegraphic, telephonic, and postal communication by the floods, said that their chief difficulty was the breach caused by the destruction of the bridge at Perth, which carried away the telegraph line and so cut off telegraphic and telephone communication between Hobart and Launceston. Persistent efforts were made to get a line across the South Esk River at Perth, he said, but each time a line was got to the opposite bank it was carried away by the force of the water. Eventually, at 9.45 a.m. yesterday, communication was temporarily restored by the use of a boat. Matters were thus far advanced by postal officers who had been working on each side of the river, that one hour after the boat was got across the river, one circuit was available between Hobart and Launceston. . . . PRAISE FOR OFFICERS. WIRELESS AMATEURS' ASSISTANCE. Mr. Monfries expressed appreciation of the exceptionally fine service given by officers of the department during a very trying situation. The department also appreciated the kindness of numerous wireless amateurs and experimenters in transmitting messages between Hobart and Launceston and the mainland cities. In this connection he mentioned Mr. T. Watkins (7DX), C. Walch (7CW) and H. Lovett (7HL), of Hobart, who had materially assisted in supplementing the official commercial station at the Domain, VIH. The stations referred to had been used for the despatch of official departmental business by special arrangement. Mr. L. Jensen, of 7LJ, also offered his station for the use of the department, and valuable work was done by other experimenters in assisting at the stations which were actually operating. At Launceston very valuable assistance was rendered by Mr. C. Scott, of 7CS, and Mr. Len. Crooks, of 7BG (sic, 7BQ). These citizens, despite the failure of the power supply, managed to maintain touch with their confreres at Hobart by the use of improvised generating sets. In Victoria several experimenters assisted the P.M.G.'s Department, particular mention being made of Mr. R. Burzacott, of 3RB, who was in touch with Hobart throughout the period of telegraphic interruption. The depart-ment was also exceedingly grateful to Mr. E. Jack, of Launceston, for his courtesy in placing a boat at their disposal, and to Captain Holyman, for his valuable help in connection with the supply and manipulation of the ship's rocket which was used to shoot a line across the South Esk River at Perth. Mr. Mace, of Perth, allowed the postal workmen to use his land in connection with the laying of a cable. . . .[35]

Radio NOTES. . . . . THE AMATEUR SIGNALLING RESERVE. The organisation of the Amateur Wireless Reserve in conjunction with the Air Force, is proceeding rapidly. Numbers of new stations have been enrolled, including two more Hobart amateurs. The Hobart amateur, Mr. W. T. Watkins, VK7DX, who is, perhaps, one of the oldest, and best known experimenters in Australia, has been appointed Official Guard Station for Tasmania, and the other official stations are as follows:— Messrs. Crosby Walch (VK7CW), C. Harrisson (VK7CH), L. Jensen (VK7LJ), J. Heine (VK7JK), H. Lovett (VK7HL), all of Hobart, and the Launceston stations of Mr. Len Crooks (VK7BQ), and Mr. C. Scott (VK7CS). Certain duties and exercises have been allotted, and everything is progressing satisfactorily. The Tasmanian stations are taking a keen interest in their duties, and in the case of emergency this reserve, trained and organised, should prove invaluable.[36]

WIRELESS INSTITUTE. Annual Meeting at Launceston. Hobart to be Headquarters. In accordance with a decision reached at the fourth annual meeting of the Wireless Institute of Australia (Tasmanian division) held at the Royal Hotel Launceston on Saturday night the heaquarters of the organisation will be in Hobart for at least the next twelve months. The move will mean the merging of the Hobart Radio Research Club into the Wireless Institute, while a meeting will be held in Launceston on August 8 next to form a wireless club in the North. There was a good attendance at the gathering, there being present a number of Southern members. Mr. T. K. Jebb presided. The annual report stated that during the period under review the division had steadily progressed and regular monthly meetings were held. The interest shown by the members was very gratifying on the whole but the council would like to see more interest shown by the associate and student members. There had been a tendency for these members to absent themselves from the monthly meetings, and is it was to these that the institute looked for its future officers, it was felt that they should realise the responsibility of fitting themselves for the work which would one day fall on their shoulders. The membership of the division had steadily increased, nine having joined during the year in the following proportions: two full members, two associate members, and five student members. There were no resignations and the total membership for the division was now 50. The interest shown by the members in the technical books and papers in the library had been disappointing. The committee would take the opportunity of thanking all those who had so generously made available books and papers for this purpose and hoped that more members would avail themselves of this benefit. In August last the secretary Mr. C. Scott, and Mr. Trevor Watkins attended the fifth annual convention held at Hobart as the Tasmanian delegates. A quantity of important work was dealt with and the Federal Council was left with a strenuous year's work ahead. Two matters that came up for discussion at the convention had been brought to a head, namely the amalgamation of the ARTL with the institute in all States with the exception of West Australia and all amateurs were now under one controlling body, the Wireless Institute of Australia. This was the only body in Australia recognised by the Chief Inspector of Wireless. The other was the forming of the Air Force Reserve, which was now in full swing. Mr. Trevor Watkins's station (VK7DX) was the guard station for Tasmania, and the other active transmitters were reserve stations. The amateurs in Tasmania and also in Victoria had shown the world what could be done when the need arose as instanced by the disastrous flood that struck Tasmania some two months ago. Thanks were due to the president (Mr. Phil Fysh) for the loan of his 80 metre transmitter and generator to the club, and also to the various firms in the city who kindly donated the necessary parts to construct a receiver. However, not much interest was shown in the transmitter by most of the members, and this also lapsed. They also thanked Mr. Olsen for his generous donation of a battery charger for use at the club room. It was felt by the council that this year, through lack of interest in the younger members, the headquarters of the institute should for the ensuing year be transferred to Hobart, as that city had more active transmitters than Launceston. The move would mean the merging of the Hobart Radio Research Club into the Wireless Institute of Australia (Tasmanian division). It would be necessary to form a club in Launceston, which would be affiliated with the institute to keep the members together. The council looked forward with confidence to the coming year, and hoped that new members would avail themselves of the benefits of the institute. They also looked forward for full support from members in any work that might be undertaken, and trusted that meetings in the future would be well attended. The balance sheet showed a credit of £18. The motion for the adoption of the report and balance sheet was moved by Mr. F. W. Medhurst, seconded by Mr. H. F. Graham, and carried. SOUTHERN HEADQUARTERS. Mr. C. Scott (Launceston) moved, and Mr. J. C. Newton (Launceston) seconded: "That the headquarters of the Wireless Institute (Tasmanian division) be situated in Hobart for the next 12 months at least." The chairman said the move would be a good one. Launceston had had a good innings, and there was a lack of interest in the organisation in the North at present. The ultimate result of the move should prove beneficial to Launceston. The motion was carried. ELECTION OF OFFICERS. A ballot resulted in the election of Mr. F. W. Medhurst as president for the ensuing twelve months. The following were elected to constitute the council: Messrs. W. T. Watkins, C. Walsh, T. K. Jebb, L. Jensen, H. Lovett, C. Scott and the president. It was decided that a meeting should be held in Launceston on August 8 next to form a wireless club. After the meeting an enjoyable smoke social was held.[37]

AMATEUR NOTES. ROUND THE STATIONS. By "Q.R.A." . . . . VK7LJ came in strongly when working VK3AX. The former tested out on telephony, and although little could be made of him there was a thrill in listening to a voice coming from Tasmania.[38]

RADIO NOTES. . . (By "Insulator.") . . . WIRELESS INSTITUTE OF AUSTRALIA. The headquarters of the Tasmanian division of the Wireless Institute of Australia have been situated at Launceston for a number of years. Due to the increasing interest taken in amateur radio matters in Hobart during the last few years, It was decided at the annual general meeting, held in Launceston, that the headquarters be transferred to Hobart for the ensuing twelve months. The first meeting of the division, held in Hobart, took place at the clubrooms, Elizabeth Street (over Finnigan and Burdon's) on August 7, 1929. There was a good attendance of members, Mr. F. W. Medhurst being in the chair. Arrangements are being made for interesting lectures to be given regularly by well-known radio experts. These lectures should prove very entertaining and instructive to persons who follow the experimental sides of radio. The secretary (Mr. L. J. Jensen) would be very pleased to hear from anyone interested in the Wireless Institute. Meetings are held on the first Wednesday of each month at 8 p.m. at the clubrooms, and intending members are welcome to attend on these occasions.[39]

WIRELESS AND BROADCASTING. . . . AUSTRALIAN AMATEUR ACTIVITIES. BY METRE. Amongst the Tasmanians, 7DX, Trevor Watkins, Hobart, and 7LJ, L. R. Jensen, Newtown, Tasmania, are the most consistent. Both men employ crystal-controlled transmitters. They did splendid work during the flood period about six months ago. Their signals are good here in Sydney during the evenings; also on Sunday afternoons, &c.[40]

WIRELESS INSTITUTE. FIELD DAY. During the week-end the Tasmanian division of the Wireless Institute of Australia conducted a field day, the activities taking the form of a hunt for a transmitter hidden within 15 miles of Hobart. The transmitting group, consisting of Messrs. P. and F. W. Medhurst (VK7AH), Harrisson (VK7CH), Masters, and Taylor left during the morning, and chose a spot on the Summerleas Road, about two miles from Kingston, and set up the transmitter. Four receiving parties, equipped with direction finding receivers, maps, etc., commenced the search for the transmitter at 1.30 p.m. The parties separated, and each proceeded to a convenient spot from which to take a bearing of the transmitter. Having obtained this they proceeded in that direction for a few miles, and then took another bearing until the transmitter was found. The first group to find the transmitter was that consisting of Messrs. Jensen (VK7LJ), Hope (VK7RS), Doddridge, and Bousfield, who arrived at the transmitter at 3.30 p.m. Five minutes later the second party put in appearance, and great was the excitement when the third party arrived two minutes after the second. The fourth party struck bad luck and did not arrive until about an hour later. The second party, consisting of Messrs. Walch (VL7CH), Oldham and Kirby, and the third party, consisting of Messrs. Heine (VK7JK), Drake, and Milne, arrived via the Huon Road, while the first party had taken the Brown's River Road. This is the first time that such an outing has been attempted in Tasmania, and great credit is due to the members for making such a success of it. In practically every case the bearings taken passed within a few hundred yards of the location. The transmitter, which was operated on approximately 83 metres, was supplied with power from "D" batteries, kindly loaned for the occasion by Mr. R. Hope. Thanks are also due to Messrs. Medhurst, Milne, Jensen, Oldham, Ashton, Whitton, Martin, Drake, and Walch for supplying the necessary cars, receivers, etc. The institute intends to hold another such outing. At a meeting of the institute on Tuesday evening, Mr. W. Bousefield gave a very interesting lecture, the subject being "The Structure of the Atom." This was greatly appreciated by members.[41]



AMATEUR NOTES. 'Round the Stations. By "Q.R.A." VK7LJ (in conjunction with the W.I.A.), puts out slow morse on 40 metres during Friday evenings for the purpose of teaching its members the code. Usually at the conclusion of these tests, he changes to phone, which is exceptionally strong and clear.[42]

AMATEUR NOTES. 'Round the Stations. By "Q.R.A." VK7LJ and VK3HC together, having parked on the 40 metre band, put out some splendid phone tests.[43]

THE BROADCASTER. Radio Wrinkles. . . (By VK6FG.) . . . WIRELESS INSTITUTE ACTIVITIES. The next meeting of the Wireless Institute will be held on Thursday night at the Y.A.L. headquarters, when after formal business has been dealt with a lecture will be given for the benefit of members. Students for the A.O.P.C. examination to be held shortly are redoubling their efforts at study. A fresh class will be started in a week or two, and anyone desirous of getting regular Morse practice or study the theory of radio should get in touch with the secretary immediately. The institute transmitter has been working well during the week or two it has been in operation. Messrs. S. Madden and S. Worth are the two chief operators, having definite schedules during the week, other transmitters filling in the remaining nights. Communication is regularly maintained with VJB, the Royal Australian Air Guard station in Melbourne, as well as with amateur stations. During the time that the station has been on the air the following stations have been worked:— Australia: VK3DX, VK3ES, VJB, VK5MB, VK6FT, VK6FG, VK6BB, VK7LJ. New Zealand: ZL2GN, ZL4BO, ZL2GQ, ZL2CM. Philippines: KA1RC, KA1HR. Hongkong: AC1BD. U.S.A.: W9UM. 'Phone transmission will be carried out from 6WI at an early date. The institute's February bulletin has been published to members, and lesson sheets will be supplied at an early date.[44]

PUBLIC EXAMINATIONS. . . . EXAMINATIONS FOR DEGREES. The following are the results of the supplementary examinations for degrees held in February:— . . . . Chemistry III.: K. B. Davies, L. R. Jensen.[45]

BURNIE. . . . Amateur Broadcasting: Mr. Laurie Jensen last night treated local wireless fans to an enjoyable gramophone recital from his experimental broadcasting station, 7LJ Burnie, which is located in High Street. The programme lasted from 10.30. till 11.30. Many listeners tuned in, and the reception was stated to be perfect. Mr. Jensen is well known in broadcasting circles in Tasmania and, in conjunction with Mr. R. Hope, conducted an experimental station at Hobart.[46]

Amateur Notes. . . . . Apart from VK7CH and 7LJ being heard, a couple of times, the seventh district has been very quiet.[47]

BURNIE. . . . Amateur Broadcasting: Mr. L. Jensen, of High street, owner of the amateur broadcasting station, 7LJ Burnie, gave local wireless fans another enjoyable gramophone recital on Sunday night. As on the previous occasion many listeners tuned in, and the reception was stated to be first class. Additions to the programme were several vocal numbers, and as in the case of the gramophone records, these were clearly heard. Mainland friends of Mr. Jensen were asked to tune in on Sunday night with a view to picking up the broadcast, but it is not yet known whether they were successful. lt is understood that regular weekly broadcasts will be given by Mr. Jensen.[48]

BURNIE. . . . Old Darwinians' Banquet: The splendid spirit of co-operation between old scholars and the Burnie High School was touched on by several speakers at the annual banquet and meeting of members of the Old Darwinians' Association, held at "The Wattles" Cafe on Saturday evening. The good gathering testified to the progress the association has made since its formation in Burnie, and the enjoyable evening provided augurs well for the continued advancement of this body. The guests of honor were Mr. H. T. Glover, B.A., headmaster of the High School, and Mrs. Glover. After the repast, several toasts were honored. In proposing that of the patron (Mr. Glover) and the School, the president of the association (Mr. R. A. Fulton) said that in all matters pertaining to the progress of their school it was the duty of old scholars to show their appreciation of what it had done for them. He assured Mr. Glover of their continued support and co-operation. Responding, Mr. Glover said that the sincerity of the old scholars in Burnie was a tangible fact. ln many ways the old scholars had shown their faithfulness to the school by contributing to its equipment and in other ways. He looked forward to their annual reunion as one of the most enjoyable events of the year. Many examples of the good work done by the association were quoted by Mr. L. R. Jensen when he proposed the toast of "The Association." He had not been in Burnie long before he realised the extent of the activities of the association and its influence for the good among the young people. Mr. Thornton responded. "The Ladies" and "The Press" were proposed by Messrs. H. T. Smith and J. J. Stubbs respectively, Miss E. N. McKenna and Mr. M. Blackwood responding. At the annual meeting which followed Mr. Fulton was re-elected president, and Mr. Thornton secretary, the majority of the other office-bearers also being re-elected. Feeling reference was made to the death of a committee-member in Mr. Arnold Godwin, who was termed by the headmaster one of the fine characters who had passed through the school. The evening concluded with a dance in the Town Hall, when supper was served.[49]

BURNIE. Wireless Success: The broadcasting of the Burnie experimental wireless station, 7LJ, of which Mr. L. R. Jensen is the proprietor, has been highly successful during recent weeks, and among the scores of letters received by Mr. Jensen from listeners in many parts of the State as well as Victoria, are two which have special interest. The first from the Keeper of the Cape Everard Lighthouse, near Cann River, Victoria, after thanking Mr. Jensen for the many enjoyable musical programmes provided on Sundays, states that he has never heard better signals. The second letter was from a listener-in at Bexley (New South Wales), who stated that the transmission was clear with fair volume. Tasmanian, particularly Burnie, wireless fans greatly enjoy the Sunday programmes (morning and evening) provided by 7LJ, and they will be glad to learn that when the station resumes after three weeks' recess commencing this week, it will be greatly improved. The scope will also be extended to include local talent, as well as recorded items. For the past nine weeks the station has been operating on 230 metres, and during the period more than 300 records have been put "on the air." The station utilises a UX210 valve in a loosely-coupled Hartley circuit. The output from the gramophone pick-up (or microphone) is amplified by a three-valve amplifier before being fed to the modulator valve which impresses the speech frequencies on the carrier. Power is supplied through transformers and rectifiers from the main, and it is interesting to note that the total power used is less than that used by a 70-watt electric light globe, although the output supplied to the aerial is much more. The station is purely an experimental one, and is not operated for gain or remuneration of any kind.[50]

BURNIE. . . . Wireless Field Day: An event of great interest to local enthusiasts will be a field day to be conducted by the local experimental station, 7LJ, on Saturday next. The scheme as outlined by the operator of the station (Mr. L. Jensen), who as secretary of the Wireless Institute in Hobart took part in a similar field day in the South last year, is that a transmitter will be taken to some part of the district round Burnie within a 15-mile radius. From there, at five minute intervals commencing from 2 o'clock, gramophone records and announcements will be broadcast. Parties in cars equipped with receiving sets will then make an attempt to locate the hidden transmitter. Already about five car owners have notified their intention of taking part in the experiment and have been posted with full particulars of the scheme. In addition, announcements have been made over the air from 7LJ giving full details. It is possible that enthusiasts from Wynyard and Devonport will also take part. Speaking of the success of the field day in Hobart, Mr. Jensen said it took an hour and a half for one of the parties to find the transmitter and operators on that occasion. So successful had the day proved that another one had been carried out this year in the South. The local experiment, the first of its kind on the Coast, is expected to be the forerunner of at least an annual event, as interest in wireless circles has undoubtedly increased since the formation of a local amateur broadcasting station.[51]

BURNIE. . . . Wireless Field.Day: The first wireless field day held on the North-West Coast was conducted by Burnie wireless enthusiasts on Saturday afternoon, and proved a great success, besides being of much instructional value. Those who took part were Messrs. E. Werrett and party, B. Craw and party, F. Spurr and party, W. S. Townsend and party, A. Addison and party, E. Foster and party and K. Carter (Devonport) and party, a total of 25 enthusiasts in all. Mesdames L. Jensen and T. Moore and Miss G. Sut-ton left Burnie at 11.45 with a transmitting apparatus (power, 6 watts) which they set up with an aerial and counterpoise on the West Pine road, 10 miles from Burnie. They then proceeded to transmit on a wave length of 200 metres. The transmission consisted of the broadcasting of announcements and gramophone records at regular intervals of five minutes the signals being kept up till 4.30. A notable feature of the experiment was that it was the first time that telephony and records have been used in a field-day in Tasmania, Morse code having been used in all previous outings. It is also the first time that the low wave length of 200 metres has been used. The seven cars left Burnie at 2 o'clock, and were each equipped with a receiver fitted with a loop aerial. At 3.15 these in charge of the station saw Mr. Bruce Craw's car approaching, but when quite near the station it turned up another road and disappeared again. At 3.35 Mr. K. Carter and party, of Devonport, arrived, being the first party to locate the station. Mr. Craw, finding his signals getting weaker, retraced his steps, and succeeded in locating the transmitter a few minutes after the Devonport party had arrived. The other parties were unable to find the station, and had to make use of their sealed envelopes telling them of the exact location. Afternoon tea was then partaken of and a very enjoyable time spent. The winning party covered 15 miles before finding the station. Several listeners who were listening to the signals at Burnie report that, they came through quite clearly despite the very low power used.[52]

DEVONPORT. . . . Radio Club: The newly-formed Radio Club is making good progress, and has acquired two rooms belonging to Messrs. Webb and Co., on the Esplanade. One of those is being fitted as a studio, and the other as the operating room. An altwave receiver and a 200-meter phone transmitter are being installed. Among the members are some prominent radio-enthusiasts, one being the holder of a first-class-certificate. Last Saturday a party from the club journeyed to Burnie to take part in a field day organised by Mr. L. Jensen, VK7LJ, and was first to locate the transmitter. The party comprised Messrs Edgar Nicholls, Bern Stewart, George Dodd, Lyell Archer, Terry Iles and Keith Carter. Members are at work every Tuesday night, and hope to begin transmitting in a few weeks.[53]

BURNIE. . . . 7BC, Burnie: The above is the call sign which has been allotted to Mr. Bruce Craw, of Burnie, by the Postmaster General. After studying for, and successfully passing, the examination for the Amateur Operators' Certifícate of Proficiency in Radio-Telegraphy, an a-plication was made for the issue of an experimental station license. This was eventually granted, and now there are two experimental stations in Burnie, the other being that of Mr. Jensen, 7LJ. To pass the examination a good knowledge of the construction and operation of both transmitters and receivers is necessary. Mr. Craw will first confine his experimental work to the higher frequencies (short waves) around 7000 kilocycles (40 metres). Any reports of reception of VK7BC will materially assist in this work, and will be greatly appreciated and acknowledged.[54]

BURNIE. Loan Appeal: Mr. G. H. Taylor, who is relieving Mr. H. M. Garrard as manager of the Burnie branch of the Commonwealth Bank, has returned to Burnie after spending a few days in the Lyell district, where he made an appeal for subscriptions to the Commonwealth £28,000,000 loan. Yesterday Mr. Taylor, together with Mr. G. Moyle, the branch's accountant, made an appeal to residents of the North-West Coast through the local broadcasting station, 7LJ. The urgency of a quick response to the loan was stressed, and people who intended to subscribe were asked to do so immediately.[55]


DEVONPORT. . . . Radio Club: The members of the local Radio Club are very pleased with the result of the reception of their broadcasting efforts yesterday morning. The messages were picked up quite clearly by local wireless owners, while advice was received from a Launceston listener that the reception there was excellent. Some 37 calls for request numbers were received during the midday session. It is the intention of the club to engage local talent as soon as necessary apparatus is built. This station was built entirely by the members of the club, while valuable suggestions in designing were given by Mr. L. Jensen, of Burnie. The wave length is about 241 metres, which is just below 3DB, and the strength locally is quite equal to 3LO. Interested listeners are cordially invited to visit the station while it is broadcasting, and also to send in reports of the transmission, so that adjustments can be made for greater efficiency. These may be sent to 55 Esplanade, Devonport, and will be acknowledged with QSL cards. The Sunday broadcasting hours are 8.30 to 10 a.m., 12.30 to 2 p.m., 4.30 to 5.30 p.m., and 10.30 to midnight.[56]

DEVONPORT. . . . Local Broadcasting: Further successes have been achieved by the local broadcasting station, 7DR. Yesterday advice was received from the Devon Hospital that the music sent over the air was much enjoyed by the patients there, as also at Meercroft. A letter has been received from Geelong stating that the broadcasts the previous Sunday morning were clearly picked up, and to confirm the advice the titles of the items were given. These corresponded with the log of 7DR. Wireless conversations have been carried on with Mr. L. Jensen, the Burnie enthusiast.[57]

WIRELESS ENTHUSIASTS. Devonport's Transmitting Station, 7DR. EDUCATIONAL HOBBY. Wireless is the greatest wonder of the age, and it is pleasing to find that it is capturing the attention of so many people, particularly young men and youths who find in it a most interesting and educational hobby. For some weeks members of the Devonport Radio Club have been conducting experimental work with a new transmitting apparatus which they have erected, and a remarkable measure of success has been achieved, favorable reports having been received from listeners from all parts of Tasmania, and from places as far distant as the back districts of New South Wales and other mainland States. Technical Details. The transmitter includes a Shunt Hartley circuit, using a TB04/10 valve oscillator, with a pair of UX250's in parallel as modulators, employing the Heising system. A Clough system of speech amplification is used. The input of the transmitter is 20 watts. Three thousand volts are available from the power supply gear, and some idea of the strength of the current may be obtained when it is explained that an electric light globe, connected with a couple of turns of wire, will glow brilliantly when held within a foot of the transmitter. The power used at 7DR is exactly 1-250th of that used at 3LO Melbourne, yet it is possible, on the 20 and 40-metre bands, to communicate with any part of the world. The aerial is 100 feet in height. Two-Way Conversation. At Burnie are two amateur experimental stations — 7BC owned by Mr. Bruce Craw and 7LJ in charge of Mr. L. Jensen. The latter station has been in operation some 12 months or more, and Mr. Jensen has been ever ready to assist the Devonport amateurs with advice. It is interesting to be in the studio and to see those in charge so manipulate the apparatus that they are able to converse with others in the Burnie station. An "Advocate" representative had that privilege one night recently, and the conversation came through as clearly as though it had been by telephone, and with a great deal more force and distinctness. The transmitter, with its red pilot lights, presents a very pleasing appearance. Worthy of Support. It should be clearly understood that no member of the club makes any profit out of this wireless service. All give their services free, and the enthusiasm is remarkable. Members are out to honor the undertaking given when their license was issued to conduct the station in the interests of research in wireless science. It is a fine thing to see such a number of young men attending night after night conducting experiments, noting the results, and preparing reports. It would be difficult to find a more fascinating pastime, and one which must tend to develop in those engaged in its powers of observation, at the same time educating them in the principles of this wonderful magic of wireless. Members are now engaged constructing an all-wave receiver, and in the near future it is hoped to get in touch with fellow amateurs the world over by means of short wave communication. The support of the public would be appreciated by members. The club's funds have been drained in the purchase of equipment. Are there any readers of "The Advocate" to whom the value of such work as that which is being carried on appeals? Furniture is needed for the studio. The loan of a few chairs or the donation of broken seats which are not beyond repair would be appreciated. Several donations have been received, and donors have earned the gratitude of members. Such enthusiasm deserves encouragement, and members would be greatly heartened by a little practical assistance in the shape of donations of cash, furniture, gramophone records, etc. People in possession of the latter are invited to visit the studio and take with them any records which they desire to have reproduced over the air.[58]

STATE SCHOOLS. Staff Changes. (From the Educational Record.) . . . PROMOTION OF TEACHERS. The following teachers, having satisfied all the requirements of the regulations, have been promoted as shown hereunder:— I.B.— F. O. Close, Burnie State High. II.A.— R. G. L. Brett, Hobart State High; C. Ward, Hobart State High. II.B.— P. W. Weaver, Hobart State High; W. W. Hope, Devonport State High; E. J. Connors, Wellington Square. III.A.— C. Lawrence, Devonport State High; T. G. Collins, Devonport State High; W. J. C. Blake, Dover; L. Cob-bett, West Devonport; L. R. Jensen, Burnie High School; H. Jordan, Launceston Junior Technical; E. S. Davis, Westerway; M. E. Miller, Hobart State High; E. Norman, Launceston State High.[59]

BURNIE. . . . Old Darwinians' Association: The monthly social and dance of the Old Darwinians' Association, held at the High School on Thursday night, was largely attended. Dancing and competitions filled an enjoyable evening. Supper, was provided by a ladies' committee. Wireless dance music was provided by Mr. L. R. Jensen and by Mr. Bruce Craw through amateur station VK7BC. A lucky spot dance was won by Mr. Cyril Chalk and Miss Dulcie Dowling.[60]


WIRELESS AND BROADCASTING. . . . Experimenters on 40 Metres. The undermentioned experimenters were intercepted between 4.30 and 5.30 p.m. on February 15. Signals were loud in all cases, fading being conspicuous by its absence. The p.m. peak period for New Zealand stations is at present between 4 p.m. and 9 p.m., Australian time. Stations 3MR (Vic), and 4CH (Q.), were very clear on telephone; modulation was good, but interference from Morse makes it difficult to obtain 100 per cent. copy. In the case of telegraph, however, 100 per cent. copy can be obtained from Interstate experimenters on single sending. It is gratifying to note number of stations on air simultaneously: 2nd District, N.S.W.: 2FD, 2ZC, 2KR, 2HZ, 2LX, 2AX, 2HM, 2CK, 2FY, 2FQ, 2ZK, 2HR, 2NS, 2YZ, and 2KR. 3rd District, Victoria: 3MR (on 'phone, at 5.30 p.m., calling CQ for test), 3PP, 3ML, 3JT, and 3LK. 4th District, Queensland: 4MR, 4CH (the latter on 'phone, clear mo-dulation). 5th District, South Australia: 5MX, 5LC, and 5RH. 6th District, Western Australia: Nil. 7th District, Tasmania: 7LJ and 7CW. New Zealand, all districts: ZL: 2BS, 2CI, 1BN, 3BO, 4CM, 2GG, 3HH, 3CA, 2BV, and 2GM.[61]

ENGLISH SIGNALS STRONG. Amateurs Active. By "Q.R.A." MANY of the indifferent conditions which have prevailed on the 14 m.c. band disappeared this week, according to reports from amateur stations. Foreign countries were received very well, strong signals came from U.S.A. and the English amateurs were excellent, particularly on Sunday between 5.30 and 6.30 am. G's 6LI, 6PY, 2VQ, 5FV were the best of the many English amateurs heard that morning. VK5RX worked with FM8IH, of Algeria, receiving R6 as late as 6.30 a.m. At times the Algerian station was strong at R8 with a good, clear signal. YI6WG (Iraq), CT1BX (Portugal), and F8NY and F8WB (France) were all strong, the first two coming in at R7. VS7AP, of Ceylon, with a D.C. signal, at R8, was heard calling, but did not make a contact with Australia. W2ANX, of America, was heard working VK5YK. ZL4AI was the strongest of the New Zealand stations. He was heard working VE2CA, of Canada, on 7 m.c. About 80 American amateurs came through, the loudest being W's 5BCX, 8ZB, 6AHP, and 8EGY. The youngest operator in South Australia is Keith Edwards, of Rapid avenue, Colonel Light Gardens, who was successful in the recent A.O.P.C. examinations. VK3FJ (formerly 7JK), Tasmania), has two 80-ft. aerial masts up now, and in his five-stage C.C. transmitter, there are two "852" valves in the final unit. VK5BO, during the week, had a splendid chat with VK7LJ, of Tasmania,[62]

MEETINGS. WIRELESS INSTITUTE. The seventh annual meeting and dinner of the Wireless Institute of Australia (Tasmanian division), was held at Hobart on Saturday evening. Mr. W. E. Musters presided, and there was a large attendance of members and visitors, the latter including Mr. E. J. G. Bowden (Deputy Radio Inspector), Mr. W. A. Woods (president, Listeners' League), and Mr. E. J. Lewis (manager 7ZL). Numerous toasts were honoured, including that of the "Institute," proposed by Mr. W. A. Woods, and responded to by the president. Mr. F. W. Medhurst proposed the toast of the "P.M.G.'s Department," and mentioned the friendly feeling which had always existed between the department and the experimenters. In response, Mr. Bowden thanked members for their co-operation and assistance they had at all times rendered the department. The annual report and balance-sheet showed a credit of £6 8s. 6d. Three members were successful in passing their amateur operator's proficiency examination, which entitles them to oper-te transmitting stations. The success of these members was due to the work of Mr. R. Buring in conducting classes for those desirous of sitting for this examination. During the year the institute suffered loss by the death of Mr. W. T. Watkins (VK7DX), who was one of the first wireless experimenters in Australia. At the request of the radio inspector the institute has prepared a scheme for co-ordinating amateur broadcasting on the 200 to 250 metre wave length, which is now in operation. During the year amateur stations were again asked to provide communication between Hobart and the mainland when trouble occurred in the submarine cable, and hundreds of messages were handled. The election of officers for the year 1932-33 resulted as follows:— Patron, Mr. F. W. Medhurst (VK7AH); president, Mr. W. E. Masters (VK7MM); vice-presidents, Messrs. W. A. Woods, E. J. Lewis and E. Kirby; council, Messrs. Masters, Medhurst, Every (7GE), Buring (7RB), Jensen (7LJ), Harrisson (7CH) and Drake; hon. treasurer and Q.S.L. officer, Mr. G. E. Every (7GE); hon. solicitor, Mr. W. E. Masters; hon. secretary, Mr. C. Harrisson; assistant secretary and technical director, Mr. R. Buring; traffic manager, Mr. J. Bat-chler (7JB).[63]

BURNIE. . . . Old Darwinians' Association: The president (Mr. R. A. Fulton) presided over an attendance of about 50 at the annual meeting of the Old Darwinians' Association at the Wattles Cafe on Saturday night. The annual report showed that the association had had another successful year, both socially and financially, and had been able to pursue its policy of adding to the equipment of the Burnie High School. The membership of the organisation totalled 30, compared with 28 last year, but it was stated that a further improvement in this direction was desirable, and would permit the association to extend its activities. The balance-sheet showed that the organisation possessed a bank balance of about £22, part of which was earmarked for the purchase of equipment for the High School. The report and balance-sheet were adopted on the motion of the chairman, seconded by Mr. R. Gale. Officers for the ensuing year were elected as follow:— Patron, Mr. F. Close; B.Sc.; president, Mr. J. J. Stubbs; vice-presidents, Misses E. E. McKenna and P. Jillett; Messrs. W. J. Thornton, H. T. Smith, H. Atkinson, M. Smart, C. Best, J. R. Cherry, R. Gale, T. Jacobs, and R. A. Fulton; secretary and treasurer, Mr. L. R. Jensen; assistant secretary, Miss D. Dowling; editor old scholars' column in the High School magazine, Miss B. Bond; auditors, Messrs. C. Terry and Bob Boutcher; committee, Misses B. Bond, K. Greenhill, J. Porte, H. Thurstans, N. Fitch, U. Terry and C. Cumming; Messrs. B. Boutcher, C. Terry, C. Stratton and H. Schell, with the officers ex officio members. On the motion of Messrs. Stubbs and Fulton Miss E. E. McKenna, who was recently transferred from Burnie to Hobart, was elected an honorary life member of the association in appreciation of her valuable services over a long period.[64]

BURNIE. . . . Amateur Wireless Stations: Following a circular received from the chief inspector of radio by all amateur wireless transmitters, many listeners to Burnie's experimental stations VK7BC and VK7LJ were disappointed when it was learned that all transmissions by amateurs on the broadcast band must cease. However Messrs. Bruce Craw and L. Jensen, the respective owners and operators of the stations mentioned, have now been advised by the Wireless Institute of Australia, of which they are members, that permission has been obtained from the chief radio inspector for them to continue amateur transmissions. Listeners, therefore, can look forward to hearing both stations at the usual hours tomorrow.[65]


WIRELESS INSTITUTE. Tasmanian Division. Year of Progress Reviewed. A year of progress was reviewed at the annual meeting at Hobart on Saturday night of the Tasmanian division of the Wireless Institute of Australia. Mr. W. E. Masters was in the chair, and there was a large attendance, including visitors from all parts of the State. Mr. S. O. Jones (acting-deputy radio inspector), Mr. W. A. Woods (president of the Listeners' League), and Mr. E. J. Lewis (manager of 7ZL Broadcasting Station) were among those present. The annual report stated, that for the 11 months' period under review the division had further progressed, and regular monthly meetings and lectures had been continued. The interest shown by members had been in general very gratifying, and an increased attendance at meetings had been noticeable, the average being 18. It was pleasing to note the number of new members admitted, four full and 14 associate members. There were seven resignations, and membership of the division was 61. The Army Signals Radio Club had become affiliated. Thanks were tendered to those members who had contributed lectures during the year. At the ninth annual convention of the Institute held in Melbourne last February the division was again represented by Mr. Bruce Hardie. Important work was dealt with, and it was decided that Federal headquarters be located in Adelaide for the ensuing 12 months. It was desired to place on record thanks to Mr. Hardie for assistance and advice received from him during his term as Federal secretary. Three members passed the necessary examination, and obtained experimental transmitting licences during the year, Messrs. Clark (VK7CK), Campbell (VK7NC), and Wellington (VK7PK). During the summer another field day was held, in which there was a large attendance. It was intended to hold more of those outings, as they had proved very popular with members. At the request of the deputy-radio inspector, a scheme for the co-ordination of amateur telephone transmissions of the 1,200-1,500 kilocycle band was drawn up, and having been approved, was now in operation. The council look forward with confidence to the coming year. The balance-sheet disclosed a credit balance of £19 17s. On the motion of Mr. W. E. Masters, seconded by Mr. F. W. Medhurst, the annual report and balance-sheet were adopted. ELECTION OF OFFICERS. The election of officers resulted as follows:— Patron, Mr. F. W. Medhurst (VK7AH); president, Mr. W. E. Masters (VK7MM); vice-presidents, Messrs. W. A. Woods and E. J. Lewis; council, Messrs. Masters (7MM), Medhurst (7AH), G. E. Every (7GE), R. Buring (VK7RB), L. R. Jensen (VK7LJ), A. C. Scott (VK7CS), R. Drake; hon. solicitor, Mr. W. E. Masters; hon. treasurer, Mr. R. Drake; technical director and assistant secretary, R. Buring; QSL manager, Mr. G. E. Every; traffic manager, Mr. J. Batchler (VK7JB); hon. secretary, appointment deferred. Votes of thanks were passed to the retiring secretary (Mr. C. Harrisson, VK7CH) and treasurer (Mr. G. E. Every, VK7GE).[66]

MORE ROOM IN ETHER WANTED. Problem of Modern Wireless Practice. SHORT WAVE QUESTION. BY L. R. JENSEN, M.W.I.A. — VK7LJ. One of the greatest problems of modern wireless practice is the finding of sufficient space in the ether in which to accommodate the ever-increasing number of stations in the air. Of recent years the search for more room has led to an investigation of the properties of wave-lengths below those used by medium-wave broadcasting stations. As the wave-length is decreased it has been found that the properties of the waves change so considerably that it is questionable whether the extremely short waves will be of greater use in broad-casting than those already being employed. Before actually considering the radiations which we know as "wireless waves," a few words regarding the simplest of all "wireless" communications may be of interest. I am referring here to the sound waves by which we converse with one another. Suppose we strike a note on the piano, as, for example, middle C. The vibration of the sounding string alternately compresses or stretches the air particles in the immediate neighborhood of the string. These compressions and expansions travel outwards in all directions until they either strike some object and are reflected back of they continue onwards, gradually decreasing in strength until eventually they disappear. When these vibrations of the air reach our ears they stimulate the nerves so that the message is sent to the brain, where it is interpreted as being a particular note on the piano. The higher the note struck the greater the number of compressions or expansions travelling through the air per second and vice versa. SPEED OF VIBRATIONS. As all these vibrations travel at the same speed — approximately 1100 feet per second — the distance between each two successive compressions (or expansions) becomes less the higher the note. This distance is termed the wave length, and the number of compressions or expansions which pass a given point in one second are termed the frequency. Middle C on the piano, for example, has a frequency of 256 vibrations per second and a wave length of a little over four feet. The C an octave above this has a frequency of twice and a wave length half that of middle C. Thus increasing the frequency, or in other words, raising the tone of the note, and vice versa, means a decrease in wave length. LIMITS OF HUMAN EAR. The human ear is not capable of detecting as sound the presence of air waves of all frequencies, so that it is only when the frequency of such waves falls between certain limits that the ear is able to detect their presence. These limits, which are poorly defined, vary considerably with different people, but appear to extend from about 25 to 20,000 vibrations per second. It is interesting to note that there are certain animals which can hear notes of sound pitched too high for us to hear. Coming now to light rays we find that these, too, are regular disturbances set up by some source, but in this case in hypothetical medium, which, for convenience, has been termed the ether. While these vibrations differ entirely in their nature from those of sound, there are some points of similarity which may help us to understand these waves in the ether. The number of vibrations which pass a certain point in a second again constitute the frequency, and the distance between two successive pulses the wave length. Increasing the frequency lowers the wave length and causes marked changes in the na-ture of the light. Just as increasing the frequency of the sounding object, may cause it to fall outside the limits of hearing, so increasing or decreasing the frequency may render these light waves imperceptible to our eyes. Wireless waves form part of these invisible, ultra-violet, infra-red and wireless waves differ from one another only in the wave length. ENORMOUS FREQUENCY. The wave length of yellow light is extremely small — approximately 1-42,000 of an inch, but has the enormous frequency of 500,000,000,000,000 cycles per second. All the wave lengths giving rise to visible light are included between 16 and 30-millionths of an inch in length. The shortest of the invisible rays are those emitted by radium. Closely following these are X-rays, which have great penetrating powers. Next on the scale are the ultra-violet rays, which produce photographic, chemical and similar effects, but the wave length is so short that they are not visible. Another slight increase in wave length gives rise to visible violet light, which precedes blue, yellow and finally red light. Next on the scale come the invisible infra-red rays, or heat radiations from hot bodies. These have wave lengths which overlap the ultra-short waves of wireless communication. The only difference, therefore, between the waves from one end of the scale to the other is that of the wave length, although the effects on matter vary considerably. Visible light thus consists of electromagnetic waves which can be detected by the human eye, while various artificial means have to be used to detect similar waves above or below them on the scale. LENGTH VARIATIONS. Wireless waves may vary in length from a few inches to several miles, and with each variation in wave length there corresponds a difference, in carrying power. Those emitted by 3LO have a wave length of 375 metres (408¾ yards) corresponding with a frequency of 800,000 cycles per second. The high wave lengths seem to be but little affected by change from day to night, but as the wave length is decreased the time of day has much more marked effects. On short waves the signals from a particular station may be inaudible at night and very loud in day-time, while perhaps with a different wave length the reverse may be the case. On the other hand on the longer waves it was found, as one might have expected, that the further one went from the transmitting station the weaker the signals became. On short waves, however, the signals often became stronger with increasing distance. From this brief account one can readily see that there exists a close connection between all these etherial radiations, the study of which holds a fascination, appreciated only by those who have delved into their mysteries.[67]

BURNIE. . . . Old Darwinians' Association: Immediately following the sixth annual banquet of the Old Darwinians' Association on Saturday evening, the annual meeting was held, the president (Mr. J. J. Stubbs) presiding over a large gathering of members. The annual report showed that the Association had continued with success its policy of rendering service to the Burnie High School, and in addition to adding to the equipment of the school had made available two bursaries for competition among "D" class scholars. The social activities of the association had been pursued with success, and the Association had affiliated with the State-wide organisation embracing all the old high school scholars' associations. The report made an appeal for membership, pointing out that with greater numbers to back them up the officials could do more than had been accomplished in the past. The balance sheet showed a credit balance of £18/19/6 in the general fund, and £11/4/3 in the bursary or High School equipment fund. The report and balance sheet were adopted on the motion of the president and Mr. R. Gale. The election of officers resulted: Patron, Mr. F. O. Close, B.Sc.; vice-patrons, Mrs. Burnell, Messrs. F. B. Edwards, F. A. Joyce, P. J. Cherry, A. M. Bewsher, C. Masterton, A. E. Terry and K. Coleman and Dr. C. H. Martin; president, Mr. J. J. Stubbs; vice-presidents, Misses E. E. McKenna, P. Jillett, L. Kerslake, H. Thurstun. C. Cumming and J. Porte; Messrs. W. J. Thornton, J. R. Cherry, R. L. Gale, H. T. Smith, M. Smart, L. R. Jensen, C. Best, T. Jacobs, and R. A. Fulton; secretary and treasurer, Mr. C. E. Terry; assist-ant secretary, Miss U. Terry; editor of old scholars' page in High School Magazine, Miss B. Bond; committee, Misses G. Pitt, C. Tattersall, K. Greenhill and M. Raymond; Messrs T. Colegrave, B. Boutcher, H. Schell and C. Alford, with the officers ex officio members. On the motion of Messrs. Stubbs and Gale. Mr. R. A. Fulton was appointed a life member of the association. The other life members of the body are Messrs. H. T. Glover, B.A., and W. J. Thornton, B.A., and Miss E. E. McKenna.[68]

BURNIE. . . . Teachers Transferred: Notice of transfer to other parts of the State have been received by Mr. L. R. Jensen and Miss H. Thurstun, of the teaching staff of the High School. Mr. Jensen, who has been at Burnie for about four or five years, has been transferred to the staff of the Hobart Technical School. Miss Thurstun, who has been on the staff of the High School for two years, has been transferred to the Queenstown School of Mines. During their stay at Burnie both teachers have proved very popular with scholars and parents, and have both taken a keen interest in the affairs of the Old Darwinians' Association, Mr. Jensen having capably filled the position of secretary for a time. Mr. Jensen has become widely known as the owner of the amateur broadcasting station, VK7LJ, and his broadcasts on Sunday evenings will be missed by a large number of radio listeners. Mr. Jensen yesterday made his farewell Sunday broadcast. Miss Thurstun has taken a prominent part in sporting affairs, having played tennis and basketball. It is understood that the vacancies will be filled by Mr. T. Malone and Miss D. Wood, both of Hobart.[69]


BURNIE. . . . Broadcasting Station: Following the departure of Mr. L. Jensen from the town about a month ago, Mr. F. E. Nicholls, who has been transferred from Devonport to Burnie, has set up an amateur broadcasting station, and began transmitting on Sunday last. His call sign is VK7RY, and the hours of broadcasting for the present will be from 9 to 10 on Sunday mornings, from 4.30 till 5.30 in the afternoons and from 10 till 11 at nights. Mr. Nicholls has had considerable experience with wireless, having been a prominent member of the Devonport Radio Club prior to coming to Burnie. He also broadcast from 7DY Devonport for 16 months, and during that time received many reports from America, Great Britain, Spain and all parts of the Commonwealth. Yesterday he received a report from Launceston stating that the reception at that centre on Sunday night was very good.[70]

MATRIMONIAL. This month we have sufficient news to warrant a heading such as above. During a QSO VK3KN was told that VK7LJ was married a week or so ago. Next week, Bill Gronow (VK3WG) joins the ranks of the benedicts, and in April we understand Vaughan Marshall (VK3UK) is also to be married. Both 3WG and 3UK are on the magazine staff, and we sincerely hope that their respective wives will not curtail their wonderful efforts in producing "Amateur Radio."[71]

TECHNICAL COLLEGE. . . MEETING OF COUNCIL. A meeting of the Technical College council was held at Hobart on Friday, when there were present: Messrs. G. McI. Hunter (in the chair), D. Meredith, R. D. Williams, A. C. Powell, F. Wells, A. H. McIntosh, W. J. Lawrence, A. G. Kemp, and the principal of the College (Mr. L. Dechaineux). The principal reported an enrolment of 315 in the senior school and 189 in the junior school, also that Mr. W. G. Speers had been transferred to Launceston as headmaster of the Junior Technical School there, and that his place at Hobart had been taken by Mr. L. R. Jensen. Mr. L. Little had been appointed to succeed Mr. Jensen. Two new courses had been started during the month in the College, one in motor-car mechanism for owner-drivers and one in first-aid. Alterations to the blacksmithing shop had been finished, and had greatly improved the teaching facilities and working conditions.[72]

TECHNICAL COLLEGE. Annual Exhibition. Trade Classes. Minister's Inspection. There appears to be no limit to the ingeunity and usefulness of the modern schoolboy. The Hobart Technical College, at its annual open night and exhibition of work last night, did its best to prove that every possible avenue in the academic and technical education of the growing boy is exploited to enable him to become a useful worker in the community's daily life. The Minister for Education (Mr. E. J. Ogilvie) attended the exhibition, and commented favourably on the high standard of the work. In the absence, through illness, of the principal (Mr. L. Dechaineux), Mr. R. Hudspeth, headmaster of the Junior School, was in charge of the exhibition. Accompanying the Minister on his tour of inspection were the Director of Education (Mr. G. V. Brooks), the Superintendent of Technical Education (Mr. W. G. Gibson), the Secretary for Education (Mr. Walter Wright), the secretary to the Minister (Sir. B. J. Thompson), and the following members of the Technical College council:— Messrs. G. McI. Hunter (chairman), Bernard Walker, R. D. Williams, N. P. Booth, and A. McIntosh. Dr. E. E. Kurth, of the Engineering Board staff, also was present. During the night a large number of parents and old scholars attended the exhibition, and evinced a keen interest in the work of the boys. In every classroom and workshop the scholars were busily engaged in work which they carry out as part of their daily curriculum. Not only are they concerned with technical education, but they receive an education in academic subjects which is comparable with that provided by the High Schools. The college has grown in the public estimation, as witness the enrolments of two students from a town 240 miles from Melbourne, and others from St. Helens, King Island, and other distant Tasmanian centres. In the room devoted to the display of work in Junior mechanical, building and art drawing, and senior-building drawing, Mr. W. Michael was the instructor in charge. An exquisitely polished geometrical hand-rail immediately caught the eye. Little wonder, for it was one of the four final exhibits judged in the competition conducted last year by the Australian Institute of Carpenters and Joiners. Another outstanding piece of work was a hand-made metal lampshade, made by Mr. S. Cunningham and exhibited at the British Empire Exhibition at Wembley. Exhibits were made of the work of junior students in art, fitting, and turning, and electrical wiring. Drawings in respect to building construction were exhibited by the senior students. Public interest in the junior exhibition of sheet metal work and plumbing was evidence of the appeal of this type of study. One of the most popular rooms from the public point of view was that housing an exhibition of the work carried out by the senior art students. The keynote was a distinct modernistic touch, and the valuable commercial possibilities of the course were immediately apparent. An interesting section was that devoted to pencil sketches from life. CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS. Under Mr. A. W. G. Powell, the intermediate chemistry classes gave an exhibition of their work in progress. Ominous phials and mystic flames were the characteristics of their learning as they exhibited their methods of determining the composition of air and water and the use of carbon dioxide with its accompanying illustration: of how plants breathe. Distillation processes occupied the attention of other lads, while some were engaged in the preparation of common salt, sal ammoniac and salt-petre. The manufacture of sulphuric acid for commercial purposes was particularly interesting. Experiments in heat, electricity, and magnetism were carried out under the supervision of Mr. L. R. Jensen by a class of physics students. Some of the youngsters were busy explaining the importance of electric statics, and another group expounding the power of a vacuum in a most practical demonstration. Starting from modest beginnings, the junior sheet metal workers, under Mr. R. Cameron, go on to more difficult models, which command the admiration of all. Utility is the keynote of all the set models, and a practical instance of this is that one boy is engaged making a copper kettle to the order of Lady Clark. . . . [73]


WITH THE AMATEURS. Good Conditions For B.E.R.U. Contest. By Q.R.A. VK7CW, 7LJ, and 7PA, of Tasmania, well known on the short wave bands, now operate 200 metre phone transmitters. [74]


Tasmanian Division. By 7PA. . . . 7LJ appeared at last meeting, must be annual vacation; ay, Lon![75]

DEATHS. JENSEN.— Passed peacefully away on July 11, 1936, at her residence, 59A Pedder Street, New Town, Eveline Maud, dearly beloved wife of Carl Jensen, loving mother of Eloise, Carla and Laurence, daughter of the late Richard Kerkham and Angelina Hopkins, of Carrick, and grand-daughter, of the late T. W. Monds, of Launceston. Interment will take place at the Cornelian Bay cemetery on TUESDAY (to-morrow) at 3 o'clock.— Hooper and Burgess, Funeral Director (H. J. Hooper, manager), 'phone 6107; 195 Elizabeth Street, Hobart.[76]

Tasmanian Division. By VK7JB. . . . Member's Activities. . . . 7LJ heard on 40 mx fone recently. F.B as usual.[77]

Tasmanian Division. By VK7JB. . . . Member's Activities. . . . 7LJ and 7CW.— Hrd regularly on 200 mx.[78]


THE ADMINISTRATION AND PROBATE ACT 1935. NOTICE OF INTENTION TO APPLY FOR LETTERS OF ADMINISTRATION. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that, after the expiration of fourteen days from the publication hereof, application will be made to the Supreme Court of Tasmania in its Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction that letters of administration of the estate of EVELINE MAUDE JENSEN late of 59 Pedder Street, New Town, in the State of Tasmania (wife of Carl Frantz Jensen of the same place Retired Railway Employee) deceased intestate, may be granted to the said Carl Frantz Jensen, the husband of the said deceased. Dated this first day of April, 1937. FINLAY, WATCHORN, BAKER AND TURNER, of 32 Murray Street, Hobart, Proctors.[79]

OUR WEEKLY RADIO PAGE. "Turn on the Wireless." . . . . THE AMATEUR IN EMERGENCIES. From time to time amateur radio experimenters have assisted the authorities greatly by supply communications in times of emergency. It is practically a daily occurrence in United States for amateurs to come to the assistance of the authorities. In Australia, during the last six or seven years there have been several outstanding examples of this assistance. In April, 1929, a severe storm swept Tasmania and communication between Hobart and Launceston was impossible. The power in Launceston was also cut out so communications direct between the cities was impossible. However, the submarine cable between Launceston and Melbourne was intact and messages were sent to Melbourne to be cleared. It was soon found that the commercial stations could not clear the traffic, and amateur stations 7DK (sic, 7DX) and 7LJ in Hobart and 3LS and 3RJ in Melbourne stepped in, and by using the 40mx band during the day and the 80mx band at night continuous communication was held for many hours. The Launceston stations, who had previously been off due to lack of power, meantime purloined all the batteries available and were in communication between themselves and with outlying stations. That is just one incident in many when amateurs have in no small degree justified their existence. AIRMEN SAVED. Don Knock 2NO was operator at the Wyndham meat works radio station when he heard the SOS of Smith and Shiers when they were forced down in their plane in the Kimberleys. He followed their signals for two or three days and sent out transmissions to them (not knowing that they didn't have a receiver) and also maintained communication with the rest of Australia in advising the disaster and subsequent discovery of the two men who would probably have died but for the picking up of the SOS on the short waves.[80]

Tasmanian Division. . . . Member's Activities. . . . 7JH.— Very consistent on 20 of late, and working plenty of dx with QRP. Tried loop modulation on his receiver to 7LJ with good results.[81]

BIRTHS. JENSEN (nee Huldah Thompson). - On May 22,1937, at St. Mary's Private Hospital, to Mr. and Mrs. L. R. Jensen, 319 Park Street, New Town: a daughter.[82]

Tasmanian Division. . . . Member's Activities. . . . 7LJ still entertains BCL’s on 200 metres, has a sked with 3CN every Friday night, University and the new second operator (ie new baby - SSD) taking all his time.[83]


SCHOOL TEACHERS PROMOTED. Promotions, appointments, and resignations in Tasmania are notified in the latest issue of "The Educational Record" as follows:— Promotions I.A, Infant, by examination — V. E. Walker, Moonah (1/1/38). I.B, Infant, by examination — G. Camm, Charles-street (1/1/38). II.A, by examination — L. R. Jensen, Hobart Junior Technical (1/1/39). III.A, by examination — E. A. Hookway, Gladstone; W. J. Badcock, Launceston State High (1/1/39). III.A, for good service — B. M. Wilcox, Tunbridge (1/1/39). Appointments Head teacher — F. C. Bakes, Prospect. Ex-student in charge — L. Bonser, South Mount Cameron. Temporary teacher — B. J. Anderson, Strickland. Temporary assistants — N. Collis, Elizabeth-street Infant; M. G. Handley, Campbell-street; J. Williams, Launceston Hospital. Provisional temporary teacher — G. Whitley, Wesley Vale. Junior teacher — F. Shaw, Prince's-street Infant. Student, domestic arts — G. E. Green-wood. Resignations E. M. Eadie, Lorinna; N. Turner, Elizabeth-street Infant; E. Rice, Tunnel; B. J. Dean, Bangor; G. Dent, Launceston Hospital; J. Duncan, Tullah; C. M. Martin, South Mount Cameron; M. Wright, Blind, Deaf, and Dumb (after leave); G. Stokell, Myrtle Bank. Termination of Service J. Bynon (student), Teachers' College.[84]

RESULTS OF EXAMINATIONS FOR UNIVERSITY DEGREES. HOBART, Thursday. The following are the results of the ordinary examinations for degrees, held at the University, November, 1938:— . . . . Faculty of Science. Pure Mathematics I. (b).— High Distinction — J. K. Lynch. Distinction — R. A. Forsyth, P. A. Rothwell. Pass — H. G. Baldwin, R. W. Blakney, R. C. Croft, A. G. Fenton, E. G. Gentle, A. E. Tucker. Pure Mathematics II.— High Distinction — H. W S. Chamberlain. J. S. Courtney-Pratt. Pass — A. D. Wadsley. Applied Mathematics I.— Distinction — J. K. Lynch. Pass — R. A. Forsyth, G. P. Hood, J. W. Richardson, P. A. Rothwell. Applied Mathematics II.— Distinction — H. W. S. Chamberlain. Physics I.— Distinction — R. C. Croft, A. G. Fenton, G. A. Hills, G. P. Hood, J. K. Lynch. Pass — D. H. Johnstone, B. L. Meston, A. M. Olsen, W. H. Stephens. Physics II.— High Distinction — H. W. S. Chamberlain; J. S. Courtney-Pratt. Pass — A. D. Wadsley. Chemistry I.— High Distinction — C. M. Saul, F. A. Waters. Distinction — J. P. Clemes, G. A. Hills. Pass — F. C. Beckitt, R. W. Blakney, T. Brinsmead, R. C. Croft, M. E. Griffiths, J. K. Lynch, B. L. Meston, A. M. Olsen, W.. H. Stephens. Chemistry II.— High Distinction — E. T. Smith. Pass — A. G. Fenton, J. D. Foley, A. E. Tucker. Chemistry IIIA.— Pass — W. Baulch, S. C. Morris, A. D. Wadsley, D. Williams. Chemistry IIIB.— Pass — D. Williams. Zoology I.— High Distinction — T. W. Bate. Distinction — B. L. Meston, A. M. Olsen. Pass — E. H. Branagan, G. Nicol, W. H. Stephens. Zoology II.— Pass — R. W. Kerr. Zoology III.— High Distinction — B. J. F. Ralph. Pass — L. R. Jensen, H. A. Winter. Botany I.— Distinction — A. M. Olsen. Pass — B. L. Meston, W. H. Stephens. Botany II.— Distinction — F. D. Cruickshank, J. Somerville. Pass — S. C. Morris. Botany III.— Pass — A. H. Nightingale[85]


RECIPIENTS OF DEGREES AT UNIVERSITY COMMEMORATION. GRADUATES of the University of Tasmania, on whom degrees were conferred yesterday at the Town Hall, Hobart. Bottom row (left to right): Misses K. E. Jackson, E. M. Robinson, A. K. Kerslake, C. M. E. Tayler, M. R. Botten, M. W. Coulter, D. M. Burleigh, M. P. Morris, Mrs. E. Glasson. Middle row: Messrs. W. G. Speers, A. H. Nightingale, M. M. Bruce, E. A. Brettingham-Moore, P. G. Crawford, M E. Fletcher, A. H. R. Wayn, L. V. Jacques, J. W. Faulkner, N. R. Wilson, B. J. F. Ralph. Top row: Messrs. N. J. B. Plomley, A. R. Peirce, C. G. Marshall, G. W. Donnelly, P. M. Lattin, F. G. Groom, D. M. Green, R. W. Baker, D. M. Chambers, I. B. Postle, Dr. C. A. Duncan, Mr. L. R. H. Jensen.[86]



DEATHS. . . . JENSEN.— Passed peacefully away on August 13, 1940, at his residence, 59A Pedder Street, New Town, Carl Frantz, beloved husband of the late Eveline M. Jensen. . . . FUNERAL NOTICES. JENSEN.- Funeral of the late Mr. Carl Frantz Jensen will move from his residence, 59A Pedder Street, New Town, on Wednesday (This Day), at 2.45 p.m., arriving Cornelian Bay Cemetery, 2.55 p.m. HOOPER AND BURGESS, Funeral Directors. (H. J. HOOPER, Manager.) 195 Elizabeth St. Phone 6107.[87]

"THE ADMINISTRATION AND PROBATE ACT 1935." NOTICE OF INTENTION TO APPLY FOR LETTERS OF ADMINISTRATION DE BONIS NON. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN that, after the expiration of fourteen days from the publication hereof, application will be made to the Supreme Court of Tasmania in its Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction that Letters of Administration of the unadministered estate of EVELINE MAUDE JENSEN late of New Town in the State of Tasmania, the wife of Carl Frantz Jensen late of the same place Retired Railway Employee, deceased, may be granted to ELOISE MIGNON HOPKINS JENSEN of 39A Pedder Street New Town aforesaid a daughter of the said deceased. Dated this 26th day of August 1940. FINLAY WATCHORN BAKER AND TURNER Proctors.[88]


OLD SCHOLARS FAREWELL MISS M. FOX. To farewell Miss Mary Fox who has retired after having been headmistress of the Methodist Ladies College Launceston for the past 38 years, old scholars of the college resident in the South met at the Grotto, Hobart, last night. The function took the form of an informal supper party. Those responsible were Mrs. Crosby Gilmore, Misses Erica Headlam and Cynthia Johnson. Flowers were presented to Miss Fox by Mrs. Basil White. Miss Fox recalled happy memories of the times spent at the school through which be-tween 2,000 and 3,000 girls had passed. "Music and books," she said, "will be my chief interest now that I am to retire and live in Victoria." Mrs. Gilmore wished Miss Fox happiness in her new surroundings. Among others present were Mesdames G. Roberts, W. E. Masters, Crawford, Fotheringham, W. I. Magrath, I. Stokes, R. C. Petersen, J. Bowden, G. W. Beck, Elliott, Mathews, C. C. Boag, H. S. Barnett, L. Orchard, R. Evans, Domeney, Williams, L. R. Jensen, J. G. Branagan, F. Blake, I. Plaister, C. H. Rowe (New Norfolk), Roberts-Thomson, Misses Louie and Madge Overell, E. Teniswood, M. Wilson, V. Tregear, L. Denholm, M. Williams, J. and M. Harvey, P. Nicholl, B. Foot, P. Wilson, M. Lord.[89]


BIRTHS. . . . JENSEN.- On April 23, 1942, at Londa Private Hospital, to Mr. and Mrs. L. R. Jensen, 319 Park Street, New Town: a son.[90]

Servicemen's Parents And Wives Meet. The men's auxiliary of the Servicemen's Parents' and Wives' Association held its first social gathering in the RSL rooms, Hobart, last night, when the hall was filled. The auxiliary president (Mr J. H. Geappen) presided, and Mr George Limb conducted community singing. Features of the programme were a film of an infantry battalion abroad shown by Sig K. Gillam, and Dept. of Information and Education Dept. films shown by Mr L. R. Jensen. Items were given by Mrs Knight, Messrs S. Mourant and A. Louez (songs), N. Wilson (ventriloquism), J. Blight (recitation), and L. Henri (entertainer). Mr A. Bailey was pianist for community singing. The women's auxiliary, under the direction of Mrs H. de Jersey, served supper. Curios from abroad were on view in an adjoining hall.[91]


YOUTH CAMP. Rotary Entertains Hobart Lads. About 40 boys are participating in the annual youth camp conducted at Taroona by the Rotary Club of Hobart. The boys, all of whom are from Hobart, are under Rotarian Godfrey Jacobs, camp instructor, who is assisted by Rotarian Harry O'May. The youth committee of the Rotary Club is giving all the help required to ensure the success of the camp. The boys enjoy swimming and games, and a camp entertainment programme has been arranged. Last night there were shown Education and Ministry of Information films, by courtesy of Mr L. R. Jensen. On Friday night a film entertainment will be presented by Rotarian Eric Long. Early next week more films will be shown by courtesy of Mr F. S. Levis, followed on Thursday night by a camp fire entertainment. Sunday, next will be visitors' day. A medical examination of the campers has been conducted by Rotarian Dr T. H. Goddard.[92]


PREMIER STRESSES VALUE OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION. OPENING the annual fair of the Junior Technical School Parents' Association at the Town Hall on Saturday, the Premier (Mr Cosgrove) stressed the importance of technical education for boys and girls, and pointed out the value it would be to the community as a whole after the war. He said the plans for the new junior technical school at New Town, which he had promised a year ago would be under way by this time, had been submitted to the Public Works Committee, and a start would be made on the building before the end of the year. Mr A. A. Robertson, newly appointed superintendent of Technical Education also spoke. Others in the official party were Mr T. W. Rees (registrar), and Mrs Rees, Mr R. Hudspeth (headmaster of the junior school), and Mrs Hudspeth, Mr G. C. Hughes (president of the Parents' Association), and Mrs Hughes, Mr E. A. Hawkes (secretary), and Mrs Hawkes. About £160 was raised towards equipment for the proposed school for boys and girls at New Town. Stallholders were: Sweets, Mesdames G. C. Hughes, C. Shearing, J. Cannock, Fennell, Misses G. Fennell, V. Shearing, Mr J. Wicks; cakes, Mesdames R. Thompson, T. Dewhurst, P. Welsh, G. Bjorklund; toys, Mesdames C. Crocker, H. Cashion, C. Burrows, A. Sharland, Miss B. Emanuel; jumble, Mesdames R. D. Leitch, W. Leitch, W. Smith, G. Gathercole, Peterson, H. Bennetto, H. Blackburn, F. Salisbury, H. Watkins; produce, Mesdames R. Stewart, J. Emanuel, A. Willing, H. Smart; flowers, Mesdames W. Paton, M. Sturges, Misses E. Gandy, J. Williams, J. Yeates, L. Denne, and Master Bill Paton; cordials, Mesdames R. Emanuel, E. McCormick, W. Peppiatt, Miss K. Emanuel; games, Messrs E. Peterson, E. L. Hanigan, J. E. Wicks, H. Blackburn, J. Walch, R. C. Cameron, W. Purdon, T. Bower, R. Cracknell, I. Burrows, Miss G. P. Moore; afternoon tea, Mesdames T. R. Bower, W. Slevin, L. Bullock, D. Barker, E. Pears, F. A. Ward, E. A. Shearing, E. A. Hawkes, E. Hanigan, N. Frances, J. Gaffney, G. Speakman, G. Rogers, R. Smith, V. Powell, Hey, Miss I. Hawkes, Messrs E. A. Shearing, E. Hanigan, and T. McTye. Talking films were shown by Mr L. R. Jensen.[93]

FILMS AS EDUCATION MEDIUM. Use In Tasmanian Schools. A POWERFUL medium of education, the film, is playing a large part in the schools' system in Tasmania, although the extent to which it is being used is not generally known. The fact that 78 pc of State school children participate in the visual education system is evidence of the growing influence of the film in this department. IT is claimed the library of education films for Tasmanian schools is more effective than in any other State. Inaugurated seven years ago by the Education Dept. and made possible by a Government grant of £1,000 a year, the scheme has made rapid progress, and today the library contains 764 films, which are lent to schools free of charge. With the exception of four schools, all State, secondary, area, and primary schools in classes 1 to 4 inclusive — schools with an annual average attendance of more than 100 children — are equipped with projectors. The purchase of approved projectors by the schools is subsidised by the department to the extent of one-third of the cost. The remaining two-thirds is met by the schools, raised by the pupils or the parents and friends' associations. Stocks of projectors because of war conditions are exhausted, and the department is unable to supply projectors to about a dozen schools which have applied for them. The 16mm film is used, and the scheme extends as far as King Island and Cape Barren Island. Where no electric power is available, batteries are utilised for the projectors. Safety film is used. Six thousand films were sent out to Tasmanian schools last year, and the present rate of despatch from the library ranges from 32 to 40 a day. The silent film was selected as being the most suitable visual education medium, but two sound projectors are available. Because of transport difficulties, these are mostly confined to Hobart and Launceston. Several schools are contemplating the purchase of sound projectors after the war. Sound films in the library include more than 100 released by the Dept. of Information. Black and white and colour films are included, and beautiful colour is achieved in one on Tasmanian butterflies and insects taken by Mr H. J. King, a Launceston amateur photographer and biologist. The majority of the films are sent out with a teacher's guide, and the subjects include geography, physiology, nature study, history, general, and health. The teachers using the films and projectors have to be approved by special certifying officers, but about 500 teachers in the department have such approval. A catalogue of films available is issued to schools. The visual education scheme is controlled by the following committee: Messrs G. V. Brooks (Director of Education, chairman), C. E. Fletcher (Secretary of Education), R. Warner and A. L. Meston (education officers), H. J. Read, A. A. Vollprecht, and L. R. Jensen (secretary). The library and film distribution is supervised by Mr Jensen, science master at the Hobart Junior Technical School, on a part-time basis. With Mr J. L. Levis as librarian. Where possible films are viewed by a selection committee before purchase, but in many cases they have to be indented from overseas on catalogue descriptions, and much assistance has been given by the Agent-General in London and the British Film Institute. The films are cleaned and repaired by the librarian. Transport fees are paid by the department in Hobart by arrangement with rail, postal, bus and air services. Efficient protection is given in transit by leather containers made by the pupils of the area schools. The film library at Hobart is fitted with a small viewing theatre. In the schools the standard equipment includes self-erecting glass-beaded screens which have high reflecting power. Several teachers have made experiments in rear projection which have yielded encouraging results. The officers supervising the scheme are keen cine-photographers and a number of films in colour and black and white on Tasmanian subjects have been produced with equipment belonging to the department. A film on the mutton bird industry on Cape Barren Island is nearly completed, and a film on the hydro-electric industry is in course of preparation. Difficulty is being experienced during the war in obtaining suitable films, and replacements of machine parts, but the work is being maintained and the department hopes to extend the scheme after the war. Steps are being taken to form a Commonwealth Visual Education Bureau on the lines of the British Film Institute. This centralised bureau will specialise in educational films, and the resultant collaboration between the States will assist the development of visual education in Australia. The gross expenditure on projectors, film, and equipment in Tasmania since the inauguration of the scheme is nearing £10,000. The department has co-operated with the Army, and Air Force and patriotic bodies by lending films and projectors, and the Army Education Service has made extensive use of the department's talkie projector.[94]


DEATHS. THOMPSON (nee Webb).-On April 8, 1945, at her home, Dandenong, Elizabeth Ellen, wife of John Thompson, devoted and dearly loved mother of Una and Huldah (Mrs L. R. Jensen, Hobart). So He giveth His beloved sleep. THOMPSON, (nee Webb).-On April 8, 1945, at her home, Dandenong, Elizabeth Ellen, loved second daughter of the, late William and Elizabeth Jane Webb, and sister of George, Percy, and Louise. Peacefully sleeping.[95]

NEW EDUCATION FELLOWSHIP. Postponed V.P. Day Meeting will be held WEDNESDAY NEXT, AUGUST 22, 8 p.m., Royal Society Room, The Museum. "EDUCATION AND THE FILM." In School: L. R. Jensen, Esq., B.Sc. (illustrated). Outside School: J. D. Doggett, Esq. Discussion by senior school pupils. Visitors Welcome. W. ASTEN, Hon. Sec.[96]

CHILDREN ALLEGED TO SUFFER THROUGH GANGSTER FILMS. "THE language of gangsters of the Western World is not wanted here, nor do we want sophistication to begin with the cradle," said Mr J. D. Doggett, secretary of the Council of Parents' Associations at a meeting of the New Education Fellowship, at Hobart, last night. HE was referring to the type of films shown for children at picture theatres. Mr Doggett said while film developments had expanded educational possibilities, the commercial theatre, in certain deplorable aspects, had adverse effects. Children who habitually attended theatres on anything up to four nights a week, and who sat in stuffy theatre atmospheres on sunny days, could be picked out by their teachers by reason of their listlessness in school tasks. "The same applies in regard to attendance at boxing contests," he added. The effect of such practices was to put education into reverse. Usherettes at theatres, could tell stories of children gorging sickening rubbish fit only for the garbage tin, and dashing out for more, or to vomit. Urging that parents and the State should unite in remedy, Mr Doggett said good had been done by the prohibition in Tasmania of horror pictures in matinee programmes for children, and by the lead given by one theatre in providing Saturday programmes suited to children. The State Library Bd. also was to be commended on its screenings of documentary films. These programmes, however, so far were designed mainly for adults, and it was desirable that future planning should make provision for children. Mr R. L. Whitford said millions of people turned to films where thousands turned to books. The aim of educators should be to lead children to choose their films with the same discrimination as that whereby they would choose their books. The State Library should take an active part in this direction. Mr. L. R. Jensen, of the Education Dept., said the department's library now had 800 films. In 145 schools equipped with projectors paid for in part by the department, about 80 pc of scholars educated by the department benefited. A drawback in this service was that many schools acoustically were unsuited to its best use where sound track was concerned. For this reason, silent films with spoken commentary by teachers was recommended. The president of the fellowship (Mr V. S. Murphy) presided.[97]

TASMANIAN DIVISION. At a summoned meeting of city and suburban hams on Friday night, 31/8/1945, the Tasmanian Division of W.I.A. was reactivated, 12 members forming a nucleus upon which to rebuild, this after several years respite is most encouraging. A Council, consisting of President, Lon Jensen, 7LJ; vice-president, A. E. Allen, 7PA; secretary, Joe Brown, 7BJ; treasurer, Alan Finch, 7CJ; K. Melville Kelly, 3LL; Max Loveless, 7ML; C. Walch, 7CW; was elected; others present were M. Glover, 7MG; E. Nicholls, 7RY; R. Forsyth, 7BC; O. S. Dahl, 4KA; N. Hopwood, 7GJ; Alan Burke and ex-secretary, Chummie Moorhouse. Our honorary life member, "Pop" Medhurst, 7AH, was elected Patron. . . . 7LJ is one of the many over-busy ones, but hopes to have more leisure time a little later on. It shouldn’t trouble you too much, Lon. Joe is a good horse. . . . 7PA was very pleased with the first postwar meeting, and welcomes the respite he has been given after seeing the war years through for this Division. He trusts his successor won’t find it quite so arduous from now on. Good luck, Lon.[98]

TASMANIAN DIVISION. President: L. R. JENSEN, VK7LJ; Secretary: J. BROWN, VK7BJ; Treasurer: A. E. FINCH, VK7CJ; Councillors: K. M. KELLY, ex VK3LL; A. E. ALLEN, VK7PA; M. L. LOVELESS, VK7ML; C. A. WALCH, VK7CW. Meeting Night — First Wednesday of each month. Secretary's Address — 12 Thirza Street, Newtown.[99]

DIVISIONAL NOTES. . . . TASMANIA. The monthly meeting of this Division was held on Wednesday, October 3rd , at the Photographic Society’s Rooms, over Coleman’s Chemists (free advt.— Ed.), Liverpool Street, Hobart. This meeting was preceded by a brief Council Meeting. The muster was fair but it is hoped that as we settle down to business in earnest there will be a still better response. The important business of the evening was matters from FHQ relating to proposed regulations and classification recommendations for the P.M.G.’s Department. These came in for quite a gruelling, and generalising it seems that the main beliefs are that the Department will give us plenty of control without us making too exacting restrictions for ourselves, licences is too odious of class distinction and that the vigilance committee should be in a position to hold the qualified amateur in proper control. It was also decided to ask that the amateur licence cover any number of receivers and transmitters as it did previously. Some alterations were made to our “ Articles of Association” to make them more straight forward, and fees were reviewed and set back to their old scale of £1/1/- Full City Member, with 10/6 Associate and 5/- Student. Country Members to be 10/6; 7/6 and 5/- respectively. A permanent quarters is still hoped for and some suggestions are to be looked into on the matter. Other suggestions for arousing interest in the meetings were put forward by the President, VK7LJ, and some discussions were had on post-war prospects, etc. Of course, the old Ham spirit predominated the latter part of the meeting.[100]

TASMANIAN DIVISION. President: L. R. JENSEN, VK7LJ; Secretary: J. BROWN, VK7BJ; Treasurer: A. E. FINCH, VK7CJ; Councillors: K. M. KELLY, ex VK3LL; A. E. ALLEN, VK7PA; M. L. LOVELESS, VK7ML; C. A. WALCH, VK7CW. Meeting Place — PHOTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY'S ROOMS, LIVERPOOL STREET, HOBART; Meeting Night — First Wednesday of each month. Subscription Rates: City, Full Member: £1/1/-; Associate, 10/6; Student, 5/-. Country, Full Member, 10/6; Associate, 7/6; Student, 5/-. Secretary's Address — 12 Thirza Street, Newtown.[101]


DIVISIONAL NOTES. . . . TASMANIA. This Division’s monthly meeting took place at 8 p.m. on Wednesday, 5th December, at which 22 members were present. Council Members met at 7.30 and dealt with the bulk of the business. Present were VK7LJ in the chair; VK7BJ, VK7CW, VK7ML, ex-VK3LL, and VK7PA. Apologies were received from VK7CJ. Several new nominations were dealt with and the essential matters prepared for the General Meeting which followed. A comprehensive list of FHQ’s proposals for Regulations and the attitude taken by the various Divisions and the P.M.G.’s Department was read and appreciation of the Federal Secretary’s thoroughness was expressed. A minute was recorded expressing the Divisions appreciation. Satisfaction was expressed at the notice of immediate frequency allocations, for although limited they show that we are not being left out and allow us to get under way as soon as licences are issued. At the general meeting many new Hams were evident amongst those present and the President welcomed the returned men back into civil life. . . .[102]

DIVISIONAL NOTES. . . . TASMANIA. This Division held its January meeting on the 9th (a week late owing to the New Year falling so close to the first Wednesday). Time, 8 p.m. as usual and preceded by the monthly Council Meeting. Attendance this month was down, many being on holidays and others claimed by their work. Twelve members were present and the Council just managed a quorum. Several apologies were received including President, VK7LJ, who is relaxing (we hope). Information was received from the P.M.G.’s Dept, re the Advisory Committee setting out the duties and notifying the desire for the Committee to function as from January 1st. W.I.A. enrolments are so good that it is believed the Department is finding it difficult to get the "non-institute Member" half of the Committee — what other State boasts this position? A copy of operating regulations were read and several variations from the old regulations noted and discussed, as was a copy of the letter reaching licence applicants in which the paragraph on Broadcast Receivers was particularly commented on. One pleasing factor was the advice that the lower frequencies were to be made available later as the Services relaxed. This at least gives us hopes of the return of Interstate chinwagging with a little DX thrown in sometimes and should allay the worst fears. Three more members were enrolled in the persons of VK7BQ, VK7CM and A. Morrisby. Rumour once had it that 7BQ, Len Crooks, would not be a starter, and as one VK7’s Old Timers, it is pleasing to have him with us still. (Just in case readers are unaware of the fact, these notes are written by VK7PA — Ed. ) . . . .[103]

DIVISIONAL NOTES. . . . TASMANIA. Secretary: J. Brown, VK7BJ, 12 Thirza Street, Newtown. Meeting Place: Photographic Society’s Rooms, Liverpool Street, Hobart. Meeting Night: First Wednesday of each month. At the monthly meeting held at the usual quarters, Liverpool Street on the 6th of March, the attendance was good, present being VK7LJ in the chair; VK7BJ, VK7LL, VK7ML, VK7AH, VK7CL, VK7CT, VK7AL, VK7GJ; Messrs. A. Morrisby, F. Gee, — Neilson, — Koglin, and Les Reardon. Apologies were received from VK7CW, VK7PA, VK7CJ, VK7RV, and A. Russell, ex-VK5AR. Council business was attended to immediately before the general meeting. Correspondence from the CSIR re charts on Frequency Prediction, etc., was received, and the secretary, VK7BJ, said that the 28 Mc predictions for February were correct in Tasmania. Seven new members were proposed and accepted, these constituted four full and three associate members. The outcome of the decision at the last meeting in connection of the procuring of a P.O. Box was the report that the Division could be placed on a "waiting list" with 60 others. Kelly, VK7LL, and Conway, VK7CL, were elected as a subcommittee to interview the Forestry Department and the Hobart Fire Brigade re assistance in case of bush fire and other emergencies. No details of Convention agenda items from the other States have, as yet, been received, and so far no VK7 delegates is forthcoming, but high hopes are held. . . .[104]

ON THE HIGHS. . . . 28-29 MEGACYCLES. . . . . In Tasmania, reports are that the DX are coming through consistently. VK7LJ worked a D2 — sorry boys it was only a G7 operating with a D call. He and VK7CW also contacted a G6/I. VK7BJ wanted to be in on the contact, so having been given full directions went to work and after sorting out a weak signal way down in the hash, with some minutes of patient listening found that the signal came from a VK3 who had already forgotten his regulations. The ZL’s are coming through in fine style in the "Apple Isle.". . . .[105]

DIVISIONAL NOTES. . . . TASMANIA. . . . . Secretary: J. Brown, VK7BJ, 12 Thirza Street, Newtown. 'Phone W1328. Meeting place, Photographic Society’s Rooms, 162 Liverpool Street, Hobart. Meeting Night: First Wednesday of each month. This Division conducted its regular Council and General Meeting as usual. Council at 7.30 p.m. and General at 8 p.m. on the 3rd of March. Present were VK7LJ, President in the Chair, VK7’s BJ; CJ; CW; and ML at the Council Meeting, with the addition of VK7’s CT; AH; OM; AL; MG; CL; RV; Messrs. A. Morrisby and Koglin at the General Session. Apologies were received from VK7LL, VK7GT, VK7PA, VK7XA, Messrs. Gee and Neilsen. The main business of the evening was that of dealing with the sixty odd items of the Convention Agenda, and all un-necessary discussion had to be eliminated. In all, good time was made. A motion, moved by VK7CW and seconded by VK7AL, "that the frequency 28-28.1 M/c be reserved for CW operation as most DX was found in this part of the band" was carried, and all VK7 Amateurs are asked to observe this as a personal courtesy. Other States asked to co-operate in this matter; Yes 3YP, we’ll have a kick at your tin! it seems that we are thinking your way in this matter. . . .[106]

DIVISIONAL NOTES. . . . TASMANIA. Secretary: J. Brown, VK7BJ, 12 Thirza Street, New Town. 'Phone W 1328. Meeting place, Photographic Society’s Rooms, 162 Liverpool Street, Hobart. Meeting Night: First Wednesday of each month. General Meeting, first Wednesday in each month at Photographic Society’s Rooms, 162 Liverpool Street, Hobart. The monthly General Meeting was conducted at 8 p.m., on May 1st, attendance was fair, present being L. Jensen, 7LJ, in chair; J. Brown, 7BJ; A. Finch, 7CJ; C. Walch, 7CW; M. Loveless, 7ML; Doc. Kelly, 7LL; "Pop" Medhurst, 7AH; D. Watson, 7DW; C. Miller, 7CM; T. Connor, 7CT; N. Hopwood, 7GJ; T. Allen, 7AL; M. Conway, 7CL; Koglin; A. Morrisby; G. Oakes. Apologies C. Oldham, 7XA; P. Allen, 7PA; and Allenby. The first named six constituted the Council, which met earlier, 7.30 p.m. on Council Business as is the usual practice. At the commencement of General Business, 7CW, was congratulated on having attained his First Class Certificate, further congratulations went to 7BJ, for his F.M. article in "AR." . . . .[107]

RADIO PRIVILEGES TO BE RESTORED. FULL privileges for amateur radio experimenters would be restored as soon as possible, the Superintendent of Wireless (Mr H. K. Burbury) told members of the Wireless Institute of Australia at Hobart on Saturday night. MR BURBURY was speaking at the 21st anniversary dinner held by the Tasmanian division of the institute at Hanton's Cafe. The war had produced many problems as well as benefits for radio, Mr Burbury said. "The war opened up huge slices of the frequency spectrum hitherto regarded as useless," he said. "It now appears that these new frequencies will be the most valuable part of the spectrum." The president of the institute (Mr L. R. Jensen) said the training gained by the radio amateur was of considerable national value, as had been shown during the war, when great demands were imposed on those who had made radio their hobby. Electronics had helped to defeat Germany, declared Mr T. Connor, a returned soldier, who said Britain had used to good effect such apparatus as radar, gun-laying equipment, and radio aids to night-fighter aeroplanes. The dinner was preceded by the annual meeting of the Tasmanian division of the institute, when the president said membership was 46. The council hoped all licensed amateurs would become members of the division. Officers elected: Patron, Mr F. W. Medhurst; president, Mr L. R. Jensen; vice-president, Mr A. E. Allen; secretary, Mr J. Brown; treasurer, Mr A. E. Finch; station manager, Mr T. A. Allen; publicity, Mr A. E. Allen.[108]

DIVISIONAL NOTES. . . . TASMANIA. Secretary : J. Brown, VK7BJ, 12 Thirza Street, New Town. Meeting place, Photographic Society’s Rooms, 162 Liverpool Street, Hobart. Meeting Night: First Wednesday of each month. The final Council and General Meeting of this Division, prior to the Annual General Meeting, was conducted at the above address on Wednesday, 6th June, 7.30 and 8 p.m. respectively. Council— present L. Jensen 7LJ in chair, J. Brown 7BJ, C. Walch 7CW, and A. E. Allen 7PA. Apologies from A. Finch 7CJ, K. Kelly 7LL, M. Loveless 7ML. Business— To receive report of Dinner Committee, finalise dinner arrangements and general. New Members— Four applications for full membership were received and passed for general meeting’s approval. General Meeting, as above with F. W. Medhurst 7AH, F. Gee 7RG, A. Morrisby 7VJ, C. Miller 7CM, T. Allen 7AL, E. Nicholls 7RY, T. Connor 7CT, P. Jones 7PJ, D. Watson 7DW, M. Conway 7CL, R. Conrad 7TR ex 2TR, R. O’May 70M, Koglin, Allenby. Visitors Messrs. Evans, Houston, Chaplin, and Clarke. . . . . The lecturer for the evening was Mr. Evans, who was previously welcomed with other visitors, subject was the much heard of Radar on which he gave some very interesting information on both its equipment and operation, illustrated with block diagrams on a none too stable blackboard. This extensive subject’s main points were clearly explained from Stacked Dipoles to C-ray Tubes. In proposing a vote of thanks to the speaker 7LJ thanked him for coming along and for the time he had put into the subject to deal so widely with it in the short time at his disposal, this was carried with acclamation. . . .[109]

Radio Experimenters Enjoy Field Day. A field day, organised by the Wireless Institute of Australia, was enjoyed by Hobart Radio experimenters yesterday. Fourteen cars equipped with direction finders, compasses, and maps, set out from the Customs House, Hobart, at 10 am, to locate a hidden broadcasting station somewhere within 15 miles of Hobart. The transmitter, operated by Messrs J. Brown and A. Finch, was found at Seven-Mile Beach by Mr D. Hildyard, followed closely by Mr C. Walch and Messrs. R. Conrad and L. Jensen. Several others located the station before it closed at 1 pm, and those who took part assembled on the beach for a picnic lunch.[110]

Staff Farewell To Headmaster. The staff of Hobart Junior Technical School farewelled their retiring headmaster (Mr R. Hudspeth) and Mrs Hudspeth at a dinner at Wrest Point Hotel on Wednesday. Mr L. R. Jensen, presented Mr Hudspeth with a set of bowls.[111]


RADIO MEN'S FIELD DAY. The Tasmanian division of the Wireless Institute conducted a field day yesterday, when a hidden transmitter competition was held. In the charge of Mr L. Jensen, assisted by Mr R. Conrad, the transmitter was secreted at the Tea Tree recreation ground, and cars with detecting apparatus left Hobart at 10 am. The transmitter was discovered within 50 minutes, and the competition resulted: Dr K. Kelly 1, Mr J. Brown 2, and Mr C. Walch 3.[112]

AMATEUR RADIO MEN'S FEARS FOR FUTURE. AMATEUR radio bodies throughout the world had grave fears of what might happen to their frequency bands as a result of action by commercial interests, said the president (Mr L. Jensen) at the annual dinner of the Wireless Institute of Australia, Tasmanian Division, at the Windsor Cafe, Hobart, on Saturday. FORTY members and guests attended. Mr Jensen said much concern was being caused by the International Telecommunications Conference in Atlantic City (U.S.), where all countries were represented in a struggle for allocations. The results were anxiously awaited, he said, for, without channels in which to operate, the amateur would be lost, not only individually, but as an asset to his country in an emergency. Proposing the toast of the W.I.A., Mr G. Hughson emphasised the value of the trained man in such eventualities as the war. With wireless such a gigantic medium, it was most essential to maintain trained personnel in this field. How better could it be done than to continue with and foster such organisations as the W.I.A., which has so ably proven its worth, where amateurs, due to their interests kept abreast of advancements and were ready to take the initiative, he asked. The wireless amateur had pioneered many avenues to a point where the commercial interests were able to see their value and extend them, taking up where the amateur had shown the way. With encouragement they would continue this work in the future. Officers elected: Patron, Mr F. W. Medhurst; president, Mr L. R. Jensen; vice-presidents, Messrs A. E. Allen, C. Walch and L. Crooks; secretary, Mr J. Brown; treasurer, Mr A. Pinch; Q.S.L. manager, Mr T. Allen; publicity officer, Mr W. Watson.[113]

Technical School's £100. The Chief Secretary (Mr White) opened the Junior Technical School fair at the Hobart Town Hall on Saturday. More than £100 was raised for the provision of a public address system, radio, library, and other amenities. The fair was conducted by the Parents' Association, which has raised more than £2,000 for school facilities since it was formed 22 years ago. The Superintendent of Technical Education (Mr Omond) and Mrs Omond were present. Stallholders: Produce, Mesdames Stewart, H. Steele, and Mr E. Hani-gan; flowers, Misses J. Yeates, A. Williams, B. Lucke; cake, Mesdames R. Thompson, C. Griggs, C. R. Moore, I. Dehle, M. Findlay; sweet, Mesdames Stanwix, W. Hallam, Abbott, E. Chappell; work, Mesdames Leiteh, Speakman, G. Hollick, K. Willis, M. Thors, H. Watkins, D. Pearce; games, Messrs E. H. Burrows, A. Stephens, A. Cracknell, C. Parker, H. J. Whitton, J. Enever, G. Newland, H. Blackburn; afternoon tea, Mesdames F. A. Ward, E. Shearing, Hanigan, E. A. Hawkes, G. C. Hughes, A. Ellims, Misses J. Thurley, L. Hawkes, C. Peart, B. Hughes, and Mr B. Watkins. Films were shown at the Town Hall at night by Messrs L. R. Jensen and T. D. Dunkley.[114]





BIG EMERGENCY ROLE FOR RADIO AMATEURS. TASMANIAN amateur wireless operators proved yesterday they could provide communication over a wide area in a State emergency. THEY took portable radios to eight outlying country districts and made contact with a control station in Hobart. The Tasmanian division of the Wireless Institute of Australia organised the test. The president of the division (Mr. L. R. Jensen) said last night amateur radio operators had been invaluable in maintaining communication during New South Wales floods. Yesterday's demonstration would satisfy fire brigade, police, and post and telegraph authorities that Tasmanian amateur wireless operators could maintain communication in an emergency. Mr. Jensen added operators in the division were self-trained, and provided their own equipment. Sets were stationed, at Gretna, Collinsvale, South Arm, Port Arthur, Interlaken, National Park, Birches Bay, and Richmond for the test. Messrs. L. W. Edwards and A. Morrisby operated the sets at the Hobart control station. The other sets were controlled by Messrs. J. Milne, K. Millin, A. Johnston, L. R. Jensen, R. Barker, J. Batchelor, G. Oldham, and Dr. K. M. Kelly.[115]

STATE RECORD SET BY RADIO AMATEURS. TWO amateur radio operators with a portable unit on Mt. Wellington on Sunday established a Tasmanian record for long-distance transmission on a frequency of 144 megacycles. THEY maintained contact with another party on Mt. Barrow, nearly 100 miles away. One hundred and forty-four mega-cycles is equivalent to a wavelength of about two metres. The distance is thought to be one of the longest ever established in the Commonwealth by amateurs on this frequency. The equipment was operated off accumulators on Mt. Wellington and a petrol driven electric generator on Mt. Barrow. The two parties, members of the Tasmanian division of the Wireless Institute of Australia, maintained contact for 20 minutes despite difficulties experienced on Mt. Barrow by hail and cold weather. This experiment was part of a field day held by the division after the annual meeting in Hobart last week. At the meeting the patron (Mr. L. Crooks) was elected a life member in appreciation of his long service to the cause of amateur radio. Officers elected: Patron, Mr. L. Crooks; president, Mr. J. Brown; secretary-treasurer, Mr. R. D. O'May. A competition for equipment construction resulted: R. Fulton 1, L. Jensen 2, M. Sidebottom 3. L. Edwards 4.[116]

DEATHS. THOMPSON.— On April 20, 1950, at Katoomba, N.S.W., and late of Devonport, John, loved husband of Joy, and father of Una and Huldah (Mrs. L. R. Jensen), in his 84th year.[117]

NOTICES. I INTEND to apply to the Hobart City Council for permission to use a Saw Bench for hobby purposes at 313 Park Street. Size of saw 8in., driven by 1/3 h.p. motor housed in a brick basement. L. R. JENSEN.[118]


Amateur Radio Contest Again To Tasmania. TASMANIAN amateur radio operators for the third successive year have won the Remembrance Day contest conducted by the Wireless Institute of Australia. The competition, inaugurated in remembrance of amateur operators who lost their lives during the Second World War, carries an ornate trophy. It was conducted on August 11 and 12. Each amateur is required to make contact with as many amateurs in other States as possible in a 24-hour period. The highest score for Australia was 266 contacts by a West Australian amateur. Tasmania's highest score was made by L. Jensen, of Park St, New Town, with 211 contacts, an average of one every seven minutes. Fifty of the 93 amateurs licensed in Tasmania participated, and the total number taking part in Australia was 379. The average of the six highest scores in each State is taken, and a bonus figure is awarded according to the number participating. The States totals were: Tasmania 687, New South Wales 618, Queensland 575; South Australia 535; Victoria 515; West Australia 495.[119]



WORLD AT THEIR FINGERTIPS. (Photo Captions:) 1. Mr. L. R. Jensen (VK7LJ) working on the 20-metre band on his set at his home Park St. Mr. Jensen has held a radio licence for 28 years and has contacts in more than 100 countries. 2. Mr. Keith Johnstone setting up part of his transmission equipment in preparation for the 24-hour contest. 3. Mr. Athol Johnson, 16 Romilly St., South Hobart (VK7AJ), checks the voice quality of his transmitter using a "crow" cathode ray oscilloscope - the voice pattern is reproduced on the screen inside the hood above his hand. 4. Mr. Johnson has three rotating beam aerials in his backyard. HOBART radio amateurs at the weekend took part in an Australia-wide Remembrance Day contest conducted by the Wireless Institute of Australia. Remembrance Day is celebrated in honour of amateur radio operators who were killed during the Second World War. Our pictures show some of Hobart's leading radio "hams," who have radio contacts all over the world.[120]























Laurence Richard Hopkins Jensen; BIRTH 1907, Tasmania, Australia; DEATH2 4 Feb 1973, (aged 65–66), Tasmania, Australia; BURIAL Cornelian Bay Cemetery And Crematorium, Hobart, Hobart City, Tasmania, Australia; PLOT Church of England; Section JJ; Site No. 170.; MEMORIAL ID 172434621; Inscription: In Loving Memory of LAURENCE RICHARD HOPKINS JENSEN who passed away 24th Feb. 1973 in his 67th year beloved husband of Florence Huldah loved father of Florence & Robert. Also FLORENCE HULDAH JENSEN who passed away 24th Dec. 1977 in her 73rd year. Loved by all her family. Always remembered.[121]







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  84. "SCHOOL TEACHERS PROMOTED". The Examiner (Tasmania) (Tasmania, Australia) XCVII, (217): p. 6 (LATEST NEWS EDITION and DAILY.). 24 November 1938. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article52237503. Retrieved 26 January 2019. 
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  93. "PREMIER STRESSES VALUE OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION". The Mercury (Tasmania, Australia) CLX, (23,049): p. 5. 16 October 1944. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article26041497. Retrieved 26 January 2019. 
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  97. "CHILDREN ALLEGED TO SUFFER THROUGH GANGSTER FILMS". The Mercury (Tasmania, Australia) CLXII, (23,312): p. 8. 23 August 1945. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article26151988. Retrieved 26 January 2019. 
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  105. "On the Highs, 28-29 Megacycles", Amateur Radio (Australia) (Melbourne: Wireless Institute of Australia (Victorian Division)) 14 (5): 14, 1 May 1946, https://armag.vk6uu.id.au/1946-may-AR.html, retrieved 27 January 2019. 
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  110. "Radio Experimenters Enjoy Field Day". The Mercury (Tasmania, Australia) CLXIV, (23,703): p. 6. 25 November 1946. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article26370385. Retrieved 26 January 2019. 
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  114. "RECORD TAKINGS OF £227 AT FAIR". The Mercury (Tasmania, Australia) CLXVI, (23,977): p. 6. 13 October 1947. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article26428845. Retrieved 26 January 2019. 
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