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History of video games/Platforms/PlayStation Portable

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History[edit | edit source]

PSP logotype.

Background[edit | edit source]

Though Sony had previously dabbled in portable consoles with the PocketStation accessory for the original PlayStation, the PlayStation Portable would be Sony's first serious attempt at a competitive major portable console.

Launch[edit | edit source]

The PlayStation Portable launched in Japan on December 12th, of 2004 at a cost of 19,800 yen.[1]

The PlayStation Portable launched in the United States and Canada on March 24th, 2005 at a cost of $249 United States dollars or $299 Canadian dollars.[2]

Production[edit | edit source]

On October 1st, 2009 the PSP Go was released as a digital exclusive PSP that removed the UMD drive.[3]

Legacy[edit | edit source]

The PSP was succeeded by the much more powerful PlayStation Vita. The PSP is iconic in some regions as a capable handheld for it's era.

PSP production stopped in 2014 with about 70 million consoles sold.[4][5] In early 2021 Sony announced the PlayStation Portable online store would be shuttered on July 2nd, 2021.[6]

Technology[edit | edit source]

The capabilities of the PlayStation portable were roughly between the original PlayStation and the PlayStation 2, offering an impressive level of portable performance for the time.

Compute[edit | edit source]

The PSP used two MIPS architecture R4000 processors clocked at 333MHz, with one used as a dedicated CPU and one as a dedicated Media Processor.[4]

The PSP had a custom dedicated GPU clocked at 166MHz that outputs 24 bit graphics.[4]

Early models of PSP had 32MB of RAM, with later models having 64MB.[4] The media processor had 2MB of DRAM, and the GPU also had 2MB of DRAM.[7]

Display[edit | edit source]

The PSP had a backlit 4.3 inch diagonal thin film transistor LCD with a resolution of 480 by 272 pixels.[4][7]

Notable Games[edit | edit source]

2004[edit | edit source]

2005[edit | edit source]

2006[edit | edit source]

2007[edit | edit source]

2008[edit | edit source]

2009[edit | edit source]

Persona 3 Portable[edit | edit source]

A port of the PlayStation 2 JRPG Persona 3. This game is notable for being among the few games of the time to feature substantial story differences depending on the player selected gender of the protagonist.[8]

Read more about Persona 3 Portable on Wikipedia.

2010[edit | edit source]

Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker[edit | edit source]

Read more about Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker on Wikipedia.

Danganronpa: Trigger Happy Havoc[edit | edit source]

A genre blending visual novel with exploration and shooter sections.

Read more about Danganronpa: Trigger Happy Havoc on Wikipedia.

Z.H.P. Unlosing Ranger VS Darkdeath Evilman[edit | edit source]

An innovative tactical role playing game with rougelike elements.

Read more about Z.H.P. Unlosing Ranger VS Darkdeath Evilman on Wikipedia.

Last Ranker[edit | edit source]

Read more about Last Ranker on Wikipedia.

2011[edit | edit source]

2012[edit | edit source]

Unconventional Uses[edit | edit source]

Hilton Ultimate Team Play was a first person simulation game used by Hilton Garden Inn Hotels to train employees around 2008 and 2009.[9][10] Only 500 UMD copies of the game were produced, and require a special memory card and security certificates to run.[11][12]

Special Edition Consoles[edit | edit source]

  • Madden Metallic Blue[13]

Gallery[edit | edit source]

Consoles[edit | edit source]

Technology[edit | edit source]

Events and Usage[edit | edit source]

Other[edit | edit source]

Development[edit | edit source]

There are two Wikibooks on developing for the PSP, PSP and PSP Development. There's also a Wikibook on running Map This! on the PSP.

External Resources[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Sony PlayStation Portable (PSP) launch date and price". Engadget. Retrieved 1 November 2020.
  2. "PSP US Launch Date and Price Revealed - IGN". Retrieved 1 November 2020.
  3. "Feature: As the PSPgo Turns 10, We Remember the Handheld Ahead of Its Time". Push Square. 2 October 2019. Retrieved 13 November 2020.
  4. a b c d e "Full Page Reload". IEEE Spectrum: Technology, Engineering, and Science News. Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  5. "I'll Never Love (or Hate) a Console Like I Loved (and Hated) the PSP". www.vice.com. Retrieved 28 November 2020.
  6. Gartenberg, Chaim (19 April 2021). "Sony admits it made ‘wrong decision’ and will keep PS3, Vita stores open" (in en). The Verge. https://www.theverge.com/2021/4/19/22392126/sony-ps3-ps-vita-stores-open-backtrack-psp-july-2nd-mistake. 
  7. a b "How the PlayStation Portable Works". HowStuffWorks. 26 October 2004. Retrieved 28 October 2020.
  8. Alexander, Leigh. "What I Discovered From Gaming Like A Girl" (in en-us). Kotaku. https://kotaku.com/what-i-discovered-from-gaming-like-a-girl-5598679. 
  9. "Hilton Garden Inn to Use Interactive Video Game for Workforce Training". Hospitality Technology. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  10. "Rarest PSP Game Ever: Hilton Ultimate Team Play - Rare Obscure or Retro - Rerez". Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  11. Ago, Rerezin #gaming • 3 Years (2 October 2017). "Rarest PSP Game Ever: Hilton Ultimate Team Play - Rerez". Steemit. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  12. "Hilton Garden Inn Ultimate Team Play (USA)". Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  13. "Limited Edition Metallic Blue PSP Madden Bundle Announced". Gematsu. 21 May 2008. https://www.gematsu.com/2008/05/limited-edition-metallic-blue-psp.